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What is hidden behind EU’s
Development Policy?
Teodor Kalpakchiev
Governance and Political Inclusion Fellow to the African Union –
European Union Youth Plug-In Initiative
How poor are you?
• Is your daily allowance higher or lower than 1.9$ /
Day, resp. 3.15 BGN (or 94.5 BGN per day / per
person?)
• Child Labour in Bangladesh (17% below 14 work, for 8$ /
Month, more than half below poverty line) -
http://bit.ly/2B599lw
• Do you have access to medical care, water and
sanitation, safe shelter?
• In Myanmar you receive injections with steroids for
virtually anything, the alternative is to fly to Thailand for
medical treatment.
• Do you have access to knowledge, information,
advanced education, clean air, food and water?
• If you were born disabled in South Africa you would
probably not go to school.
• Water in most developing countries is poisonous and only
bottled water is to be drunk. Caution must be exercised
even when showering.
• Waste is virtually everywhere and when there are floods,
you are covered in waste up to the waist.
• Do you have personal freedoms, are you being
maltreated by your family?
• Many kids in conservative societies have marriages
arranged from the age of 14.
Development Aid – Volumes, Aims, Recipients
• Where does foreign aid go? -
http://bit.ly/2nLY1Vn
• From Poverty Alleviation to
Sustainable Development
• Brundtland „Our Common Future“
report, 1987
• Without compromising the needs of
the future generations
• Addressing existing needs, esp. poverty
(36-12% in 2000-2015)
• Overcome limitations imposed by the
state of technology and social
organization on the environment's
ability to meet present and future
needs
The post-2015 Sustainable Development
Agenda
Why does the EU engage in this process?
• The developed western societies
are built on exploitation of labour
and resources during the industrial
revolution (esp. cotton, metal and
slaves)
• It’s a an act of redemption that
aims to offset the future costs of
non-development
• Critical perspectives include:
• Economic neo-colonialism
• Regulatory hegemony
• Geopolitical influence
European Colonization of Americas and South
East Asia
Why is it so complicated?
• These processes are dependent on
economic growth
• But we overproduce, pollute and create
enormous amounts of waste
• https://vimeo.com/73234721
• The rest of the world is deteriorating
– there are wars and insecurity,
insufficient education coupled with
exponential demographic growth,
resources and people are exploited
• Social progress vs. Economic Growth -
> each $ creates less social progress
and more pollution than before
How to approach the situation?
• Prioritize domestic reinvestment of
economic gains into social progress
• Transform linear into a circular economy -
> http://bit.ly/Q9VcYB
• Invest in the wellbeing of other societies,
as otherwise migration and pollution will
increase
• Your personal role?
• Communicate these problems, reduce your
usage of resources, check packaging of
goods, don’t throw food (in EU – 150
tons/person), etc.
• Create social ventures – e.g. apps for
optimization of farming, which you sell to
agricultural producers and reinvest the
gains to expand your business
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What is hidden behind eu’s development policy

  • 1. What is hidden behind EU’s Development Policy? Teodor Kalpakchiev Governance and Political Inclusion Fellow to the African Union – European Union Youth Plug-In Initiative
  • 2. How poor are you? • Is your daily allowance higher or lower than 1.9$ / Day, resp. 3.15 BGN (or 94.5 BGN per day / per person?) • Child Labour in Bangladesh (17% below 14 work, for 8$ / Month, more than half below poverty line) - http://bit.ly/2B599lw • Do you have access to medical care, water and sanitation, safe shelter? • In Myanmar you receive injections with steroids for virtually anything, the alternative is to fly to Thailand for medical treatment. • Do you have access to knowledge, information, advanced education, clean air, food and water? • If you were born disabled in South Africa you would probably not go to school. • Water in most developing countries is poisonous and only bottled water is to be drunk. Caution must be exercised even when showering. • Waste is virtually everywhere and when there are floods, you are covered in waste up to the waist. • Do you have personal freedoms, are you being maltreated by your family? • Many kids in conservative societies have marriages arranged from the age of 14.
  • 3. Development Aid – Volumes, Aims, Recipients • Where does foreign aid go? - http://bit.ly/2nLY1Vn • From Poverty Alleviation to Sustainable Development • Brundtland „Our Common Future“ report, 1987 • Without compromising the needs of the future generations • Addressing existing needs, esp. poverty (36-12% in 2000-2015) • Overcome limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment's ability to meet present and future needs
  • 4. The post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda
  • 5. Why does the EU engage in this process? • The developed western societies are built on exploitation of labour and resources during the industrial revolution (esp. cotton, metal and slaves) • It’s a an act of redemption that aims to offset the future costs of non-development • Critical perspectives include: • Economic neo-colonialism • Regulatory hegemony • Geopolitical influence
  • 6. European Colonization of Americas and South East Asia
  • 7. Why is it so complicated? • These processes are dependent on economic growth • But we overproduce, pollute and create enormous amounts of waste • https://vimeo.com/73234721 • The rest of the world is deteriorating – there are wars and insecurity, insufficient education coupled with exponential demographic growth, resources and people are exploited • Social progress vs. Economic Growth - > each $ creates less social progress and more pollution than before
  • 8. How to approach the situation? • Prioritize domestic reinvestment of economic gains into social progress • Transform linear into a circular economy - > http://bit.ly/Q9VcYB • Invest in the wellbeing of other societies, as otherwise migration and pollution will increase • Your personal role? • Communicate these problems, reduce your usage of resources, check packaging of goods, don’t throw food (in EU – 150 tons/person), etc. • Create social ventures – e.g. apps for optimization of farming, which you sell to agricultural producers and reinvest the gains to expand your business