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Well, We've
Done All
This
Research,
Now What?
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title styleAgenda
9:00-10:50 Turning field data into insights
Introduction 05 minutes
Observation Process and Exercise 50 minutes
Synthesis Process and Exercise 55 minutes
10:50-12:00 Turning insights into solutions
Ideation Process 20 minutes
Ideation Exercise 40 minutes
Wrap Up 10 minutes
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Introduction
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Launch
What to
make or do
Refine &
prototype
Iterate & improve
Typical development lifecycle
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Launch
What to
make or do
Refine &
prototype
Iterate & improve
Take a fresh
look at
people
Where we work
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Iterate & improve
Use existing
ideas as
hypotheses
Where we work
Launch
What to
make or do
Refine &
prototype
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Iterate & improve
Where we work
Launch
What to
make or do
Refine &
prototype
Is it working
like we
hoped?
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Iterate & improve
History provides
context to
explore new
ideas
Where we work
Launch
What to
make or do
Refine &
prototype
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Development
Synthesis
Ideation
Fieldwork
Synthesis & ideation process
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Detailed
solutions
SolutionsStrategies
Insights Opportunities
Analysis
Synthesis
Ideation
Synthesis & ideation process
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Cultural
data from
fieldwork
Case study: iPod accessories
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title styleCase study: iPod accessories
URF2010 12 Portigal
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Observation
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title styleHomework Check-in
Your mission: Dedicate at least
half an hour to walking around and
observing people in your
neighborhood
Who was able to do the
assignment?
Was this anyone’s first experience
doing observational fieldwork?
Is there anyone who has not done
user or observational research in
the field?
Props to Jennifer Lum and Nick Leggett!
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title styleMethods & inputs (not today…)
Generally we integrate methods, aka triangulation
We choose, mash-up, or create methods based on the
problem. Today we’re doing an abbreviated version of
observational fieldwork
URF2010 15 Portigal
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title styleObserving
Notice what… people,
places
Notice how… processes,
sequences, interactions
Suspend your point of view
Avoid conclusions
Allow confusion
Do it “out loud” Steve, practicing his “noticing.” You can tell
because he looks like he may be a little
confused.
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
You’re observing people within
their culture. Notice how cultural
artifacts reflect and define the
environment; and reveal what is
“normal”
Normal isn’t “right or wrong” – it’s
the set of background rules that
define much of what people
choose or ignore
Media
Products
Advertisements
Street Culture
Trends/ Fads
Cultural context
What are these gentlemen trying to get you to buy?
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title styleCultural context
URF2010 18 Portigal
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title styleCultural context
URF2010 19 Portigal
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Synthesis naturally begins in
the field
• Resist meaning (for now)
• Focus on observations
• Get the detail
Create time to talk after each
fieldwork experience
• Over multiple sessions and
participants, over time
Write up real-time summaries for
the team, ASAP
In-field debriefing (not today…)
Fieldwork highlights captured in the wild.
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Your mission: Imagine you are
working on a new project for
GeNtrfY, a company looking for
ideas to redevelop SoMa
Form groups of 2 – 3. Mix it up
• Wander and observe people,
interactions and environments
• Do it out loud!
• Capture (photos, notes)
• What, who, where, when?
• Why, how?
This is not a design audit of
signage or merchandise displays
Exercise: Explore!
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title styleNeighborhood observations: Noe Valley
URF2010 22 Portigal
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title styleNeighborhood observations: Noe Valley
URF2010 23 Portigal
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title styleNeighborhood observations: Montara
URF2010 24 Portigal
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Be back
by 9:55
Exercise: Explore!
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Synthesis
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Sense-making through an iterative
process of refining gathered data
Early, Informal data in your head
First, process the experience you
had collecting data
• Refer to debriefs and conversations
• Articulate and identify themes
• Outcome: Topline Report
Process-based, Formal heavy lifting
Then, process the data itself
• Individual and group analysis
• Pattern-identification, clustering,
models, frameworks
• Outcome: Opportunities
What is synthesis?
Review, Refine, Rinse, Repeat
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
After fieldwork, collate reflections
and quickly externalize a starter set
of 5 to 10 thematic areas based on
•Pre-identified areas of inquiry
•Refer to debriefs and
conversations from the field
•New patterns that we observed
Identify interesting areas;
acknowledge that you don’t
understand details yet, identify
questions
Outcome: Topline Report
This sheds light on what excites the
team and the stakeholders; brings
focus to the next stage of synthesis
All right researchers… what did you see?
Early, informal synthesis (data in your head)
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Go back through your raw data
very closely to move beyond the
Topline Report
Individually (heads-down) and
collaboratively (heads-up) develop
clusters, identify patterns, collate
and refine findings
• Process maps, eco-systems
• Frameworks, models
• Design implications
i.e.: What did other public announcements in
the study look like? What are the layers of
information and cultural context? What form
factors are favored? Why?
Process-based, formal synthesis (heavy lifting)
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Heads down!
• Video
• Photos, field artifacts
• Transcripts
Transcript analysis
• Make marginal notes on
patterns, quotes, or what
seems interesting
• Ask yourself questions; give
labels; propose solutions
• Don’t worry about
implications, be descriptive
and reactive
Individual analysis (not today…)
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
If you can’t get transcripts, watch
video (even sped-up) and in near
real-time jot down the rough
narrative of the session
• When you make an observation
in your own voice, do something
typographic to call it out (ALL
CAPS, highlight, etc.)
Individual analysis (not today…)
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Heads up!
Tell stories, narrate highlights,
give each its due. Use notes,
transcripts, and other artifacts
Voice and document reactions,
ahas, support and questions
• Clustering
• White-board notes
Develop a new shared POV,
beyond “findings”
Outcome: Opportunities
No discussion of the synthesis process would be
complete without a reference to Post-It ® Notes
Collaborative analysis
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Keep the human touch in
communication
Allow people to move
seamlessly between places
Allow people to integrate
seamlessly across different
devices and systems
Opportunities are not
• A reporting of “interesting
findings”
• A list of solutions
Opportunities are
• Change we can envision based
on what we heard and observe
• About people
• In the context of but reframing
the business questions
• Generative, inviting many
solutions
Developing opportunities
What should we do?
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Topline Collaborative Analysis Opportunities
10 minutes 15 minutes 15 minutes
Keep the human touch in
communication
Allow people to mov e
seamlessly between
places
Allow people to integrate
seamlessly across
different devices and
systems
Summary of synthesis exercises
Externalize the
data in your head
Share the heavy lifting Determine generative
directions
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
After fieldwork, join forces with
another group
• Quickly review what happened
(today and from your homework)
and what you saw. Collate
reflections. Resist the urge to
move too far towards conclusions
• Don’t refer to notes or photos yet
• Keep your own experiences,
existing hypotheses, cultural
clichés, etc. in the background
• Develop 3 - 5 themes as a
“Topline Report” sketching out
the big takeaways, leading into
further synthesis
• Don’t wordsmith
Exercise: Develop a topline (10 minutes)
All right researchers… what did you see?
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Evolve your “Topline Report;” flesh out
and enrich themes
• Write your themes and put them up
• Leave space for new ones too
• Now (!) tell stories from the field (from
your neighborhood and today), using
photos, notes and memory
Rethink the relationships between the
themes, pick your strongest themes
and write a sentence with a point of
view
• Go from “Graffiti abounds” and “Teen
gangs hanging out” to “Public spaces in
the neighborhood are used to
communicate identity and
belongingness”
Exercise: Develop findings (10 minutes)
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Build on your findings
• Start each opportunity with a verb
Opportunities are not
• A reporting of “interesting findings”
• A list of solutions
Opportunities are
• Change we can envision based on what
we heard and observe
• About people
• In the context of but reframing the
business questions
• Generative, inviting many solutions
Exercise: Identify opportunities (10 minutes)
What should we do?
Keep the human touch in
communication
Allow people to move
seamlessly between places
Allow people to integrate
seamlessly across different
devices and systems
What should we do?
Keep the human touch in
communication
Allow people to move
seamlessly between places
Allow people to integrate
seamlessly across different
devices and systems
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title styleExercise: Pitch it back!
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Ideation
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
A simple step moves you from
Opportunities to Ideation
Questions, reframing them into
actionable language
How can we
Ideate!
keep the human touch in
communication
allow people to move
seamlessly between places
allow people to integrate
seamlessly across different
devices and systems
How can we
How can we
Ideation questions
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Solutions exist across many
different business areas
Functionality
Visual design
Marketing
Architecture
Public Services
Partnerships
Events
Software
Form factor
Packaging
Policy
Retail design
Even if you are unlikely to impact
certain business areas, it’s crucial
that you set that constraint aside
for ideation
Scope of solutions
How many business and civic areas to impact
can you spot in this picture?
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Responses to any ideation question can lead in different strategic directions
Finding: Students have to smoke outside, but they get cold and wet
Opportunity: Improve the experience of students who smoke
Ideation Question: How can we improve the experience of students
who smoke?
Developing strategies
Create a protected
environment for smoking
Support underlying needs
and behavior by embracing
the finding
Eliminate smoking
Question needs and
behavior, seek change by
challenging the finding
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Finding: Students have to smoke outside, but they get cold and wet
Opportunity: Improve the experience of students who smoke
Ideation Question: How can we improve the experience of students who
smoke?
Strategies
Solutions
Strategies can inspire solutions
Create a protected
environment for smoking
Facilities
Build a
pavilion
Admin
Allocate
interior
room
Partners
Align with
nearby
cafe
Eliminate smoking
Online
Smoking
cessation
games
Admin
Ban
smoking
Partners
Stop
smoking
coaches
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Finding: Students have to smoke outside, but they get cold and wet
Opportunity: Improve the experience of students who smoke
Ideation Question: How can we improve the experience of students who
smoke?
Solutions can suggest strategies
Create a protected
environment for smoking
Eliminate smoking
Admin
Allocate
interior
room
Admin
Ban
smoking
Strategies
Solutions
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
This is a collective, out-loud activity!
Talk, listen, build on each other’s
ideas
• Don’t worry about a “bad” idea… it
may lead to a “good” idea
Don’t correct; generate alternatives
• “Yes, and…”
This is a visual activity! Sketch,
draw…
• Quantity over quality; go quickly
Individual ideas matter less than
what the collective produces overall
• Channel your inner Locutus of Borg
Lemons provided, if necessary
Collaborative generation
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title styleStuck?
Come up with bad ideas
• Immoral
• Dangerous
• Bad for business
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Questions Business Areas Ideation and Sharing
2 minutes 3 minutes 35 minutes
How can we
Ideate!
keep the human touch
in communication
allow people to move
seamlessly between
places
allow people to
integrate seamlessly
across different devices
and systems
How can we
How can we
Summary of ideation exercises
Shift to “How can
we…?”
Figure out where
we can play
Remember, “Yes, and…”
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Apply How can we…?
to each of your Opportunities
How can we
Ideate!
keep the human touch in
communication
allow people to move
seamlessly between places
allow people to integrate
seamlessly across different
devices and systems
How can we
How can we
Exercise: Ideation questions (2 minutes)
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Let’s collectively list possible
business areas to design for
• Think about whatever GeNtrFy could
do or affect
Use this list as a starting point
Functionality
Visual design
Marketing
Architecture
Public Services
Partnerships
Events
Software
Form factor
Packaging
Policy
Retail design
Incentives
Exercise: Business areas (3 minutes)
How many business and civic areas to impact
can you spot in this picture?
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Use your ideation questions to
generate strategies and solutions
• Out loud
• Visual
• Collaborative
Consider the range of possible
business areas
Bounce back and forth between
generating strategies and
solutions
Most ideas will not turn out to be
winners; the goal is to practice
connecting research data to
solutions
Exercise: Ideation (20 minutes)
Apply lemon as needed.
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Rapidly align on your team’s best
ideas and message
Choose a messenger
Exercise: Prepare to share (5 minutes)
The wise team will choose a bold, expressive
spokesperson
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title styleExercise: Pitch it back! (10 minutes)
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Wrap it up
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
One new
thing I
learned
today is…
I’ve got a tip
(that you
didn’t cover)
that works
well for me…
Yeah, I’ve
got a
question
for ya…
URF2010 ‹#› Portigal
Click to edit Master title style
Portigal Consulting
www.portigal.com
Steve @steveportigal
steve@portigal.com
415-894-2001
Julie julie@portigal.com
Wyatt wyatt@portigal.com
Thank you!

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Well, We've Done All This Research, Now What?

  • 2. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title styleAgenda 9:00-10:50 Turning field data into insights Introduction 05 minutes Observation Process and Exercise 50 minutes Synthesis Process and Exercise 55 minutes 10:50-12:00 Turning insights into solutions Ideation Process 20 minutes Ideation Exercise 40 minutes Wrap Up 10 minutes
  • 3. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Introduction
  • 4. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Launch What to make or do Refine & prototype Iterate & improve Typical development lifecycle
  • 5. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Launch What to make or do Refine & prototype Iterate & improve Take a fresh look at people Where we work
  • 6. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Iterate & improve Use existing ideas as hypotheses Where we work Launch What to make or do Refine & prototype
  • 7. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Iterate & improve Where we work Launch What to make or do Refine & prototype Is it working like we hoped?
  • 8. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Iterate & improve History provides context to explore new ideas Where we work Launch What to make or do Refine & prototype
  • 9. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Development Synthesis Ideation Fieldwork Synthesis & ideation process
  • 10. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Detailed solutions SolutionsStrategies Insights Opportunities Analysis Synthesis Ideation Synthesis & ideation process
  • 11. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Cultural data from fieldwork Case study: iPod accessories
  • 12. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title styleCase study: iPod accessories URF2010 12 Portigal
  • 13. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Observation
  • 14. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title styleHomework Check-in Your mission: Dedicate at least half an hour to walking around and observing people in your neighborhood Who was able to do the assignment? Was this anyone’s first experience doing observational fieldwork? Is there anyone who has not done user or observational research in the field? Props to Jennifer Lum and Nick Leggett!
  • 15. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title styleMethods & inputs (not today…) Generally we integrate methods, aka triangulation We choose, mash-up, or create methods based on the problem. Today we’re doing an abbreviated version of observational fieldwork URF2010 15 Portigal
  • 16. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title styleObserving Notice what… people, places Notice how… processes, sequences, interactions Suspend your point of view Avoid conclusions Allow confusion Do it “out loud” Steve, practicing his “noticing.” You can tell because he looks like he may be a little confused.
  • 17. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style You’re observing people within their culture. Notice how cultural artifacts reflect and define the environment; and reveal what is “normal” Normal isn’t “right or wrong” – it’s the set of background rules that define much of what people choose or ignore Media Products Advertisements Street Culture Trends/ Fads Cultural context What are these gentlemen trying to get you to buy?
  • 18. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title styleCultural context URF2010 18 Portigal
  • 19. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title styleCultural context URF2010 19 Portigal
  • 20. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Synthesis naturally begins in the field • Resist meaning (for now) • Focus on observations • Get the detail Create time to talk after each fieldwork experience • Over multiple sessions and participants, over time Write up real-time summaries for the team, ASAP In-field debriefing (not today…) Fieldwork highlights captured in the wild.
  • 21. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Your mission: Imagine you are working on a new project for GeNtrfY, a company looking for ideas to redevelop SoMa Form groups of 2 – 3. Mix it up • Wander and observe people, interactions and environments • Do it out loud! • Capture (photos, notes) • What, who, where, when? • Why, how? This is not a design audit of signage or merchandise displays Exercise: Explore!
  • 22. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title styleNeighborhood observations: Noe Valley URF2010 22 Portigal
  • 23. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title styleNeighborhood observations: Noe Valley URF2010 23 Portigal
  • 24. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title styleNeighborhood observations: Montara URF2010 24 Portigal
  • 25. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Be back by 9:55 Exercise: Explore!
  • 26. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Synthesis
  • 27. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Sense-making through an iterative process of refining gathered data Early, Informal data in your head First, process the experience you had collecting data • Refer to debriefs and conversations • Articulate and identify themes • Outcome: Topline Report Process-based, Formal heavy lifting Then, process the data itself • Individual and group analysis • Pattern-identification, clustering, models, frameworks • Outcome: Opportunities What is synthesis? Review, Refine, Rinse, Repeat
  • 28. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style After fieldwork, collate reflections and quickly externalize a starter set of 5 to 10 thematic areas based on •Pre-identified areas of inquiry •Refer to debriefs and conversations from the field •New patterns that we observed Identify interesting areas; acknowledge that you don’t understand details yet, identify questions Outcome: Topline Report This sheds light on what excites the team and the stakeholders; brings focus to the next stage of synthesis All right researchers… what did you see? Early, informal synthesis (data in your head)
  • 29. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Go back through your raw data very closely to move beyond the Topline Report Individually (heads-down) and collaboratively (heads-up) develop clusters, identify patterns, collate and refine findings • Process maps, eco-systems • Frameworks, models • Design implications i.e.: What did other public announcements in the study look like? What are the layers of information and cultural context? What form factors are favored? Why? Process-based, formal synthesis (heavy lifting)
  • 30. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Heads down! • Video • Photos, field artifacts • Transcripts Transcript analysis • Make marginal notes on patterns, quotes, or what seems interesting • Ask yourself questions; give labels; propose solutions • Don’t worry about implications, be descriptive and reactive Individual analysis (not today…)
  • 31. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style If you can’t get transcripts, watch video (even sped-up) and in near real-time jot down the rough narrative of the session • When you make an observation in your own voice, do something typographic to call it out (ALL CAPS, highlight, etc.) Individual analysis (not today…)
  • 32. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Heads up! Tell stories, narrate highlights, give each its due. Use notes, transcripts, and other artifacts Voice and document reactions, ahas, support and questions • Clustering • White-board notes Develop a new shared POV, beyond “findings” Outcome: Opportunities No discussion of the synthesis process would be complete without a reference to Post-It ® Notes Collaborative analysis
  • 33. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Keep the human touch in communication Allow people to move seamlessly between places Allow people to integrate seamlessly across different devices and systems Opportunities are not • A reporting of “interesting findings” • A list of solutions Opportunities are • Change we can envision based on what we heard and observe • About people • In the context of but reframing the business questions • Generative, inviting many solutions Developing opportunities What should we do?
  • 34. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Topline Collaborative Analysis Opportunities 10 minutes 15 minutes 15 minutes Keep the human touch in communication Allow people to mov e seamlessly between places Allow people to integrate seamlessly across different devices and systems Summary of synthesis exercises Externalize the data in your head Share the heavy lifting Determine generative directions
  • 35. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style After fieldwork, join forces with another group • Quickly review what happened (today and from your homework) and what you saw. Collate reflections. Resist the urge to move too far towards conclusions • Don’t refer to notes or photos yet • Keep your own experiences, existing hypotheses, cultural clichés, etc. in the background • Develop 3 - 5 themes as a “Topline Report” sketching out the big takeaways, leading into further synthesis • Don’t wordsmith Exercise: Develop a topline (10 minutes) All right researchers… what did you see?
  • 36. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Evolve your “Topline Report;” flesh out and enrich themes • Write your themes and put them up • Leave space for new ones too • Now (!) tell stories from the field (from your neighborhood and today), using photos, notes and memory Rethink the relationships between the themes, pick your strongest themes and write a sentence with a point of view • Go from “Graffiti abounds” and “Teen gangs hanging out” to “Public spaces in the neighborhood are used to communicate identity and belongingness” Exercise: Develop findings (10 minutes)
  • 37. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Build on your findings • Start each opportunity with a verb Opportunities are not • A reporting of “interesting findings” • A list of solutions Opportunities are • Change we can envision based on what we heard and observe • About people • In the context of but reframing the business questions • Generative, inviting many solutions Exercise: Identify opportunities (10 minutes) What should we do? Keep the human touch in communication Allow people to move seamlessly between places Allow people to integrate seamlessly across different devices and systems What should we do? Keep the human touch in communication Allow people to move seamlessly between places Allow people to integrate seamlessly across different devices and systems
  • 38. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title styleExercise: Pitch it back!
  • 39. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Ideation
  • 40. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style A simple step moves you from Opportunities to Ideation Questions, reframing them into actionable language How can we Ideate! keep the human touch in communication allow people to move seamlessly between places allow people to integrate seamlessly across different devices and systems How can we How can we Ideation questions
  • 41. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Solutions exist across many different business areas Functionality Visual design Marketing Architecture Public Services Partnerships Events Software Form factor Packaging Policy Retail design Even if you are unlikely to impact certain business areas, it’s crucial that you set that constraint aside for ideation Scope of solutions How many business and civic areas to impact can you spot in this picture?
  • 42. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Responses to any ideation question can lead in different strategic directions Finding: Students have to smoke outside, but they get cold and wet Opportunity: Improve the experience of students who smoke Ideation Question: How can we improve the experience of students who smoke? Developing strategies Create a protected environment for smoking Support underlying needs and behavior by embracing the finding Eliminate smoking Question needs and behavior, seek change by challenging the finding
  • 43. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Finding: Students have to smoke outside, but they get cold and wet Opportunity: Improve the experience of students who smoke Ideation Question: How can we improve the experience of students who smoke? Strategies Solutions Strategies can inspire solutions Create a protected environment for smoking Facilities Build a pavilion Admin Allocate interior room Partners Align with nearby cafe Eliminate smoking Online Smoking cessation games Admin Ban smoking Partners Stop smoking coaches
  • 44. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Finding: Students have to smoke outside, but they get cold and wet Opportunity: Improve the experience of students who smoke Ideation Question: How can we improve the experience of students who smoke? Solutions can suggest strategies Create a protected environment for smoking Eliminate smoking Admin Allocate interior room Admin Ban smoking Strategies Solutions
  • 45. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style This is a collective, out-loud activity! Talk, listen, build on each other’s ideas • Don’t worry about a “bad” idea… it may lead to a “good” idea Don’t correct; generate alternatives • “Yes, and…” This is a visual activity! Sketch, draw… • Quantity over quality; go quickly Individual ideas matter less than what the collective produces overall • Channel your inner Locutus of Borg Lemons provided, if necessary Collaborative generation
  • 46. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title styleStuck? Come up with bad ideas • Immoral • Dangerous • Bad for business
  • 47. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Questions Business Areas Ideation and Sharing 2 minutes 3 minutes 35 minutes How can we Ideate! keep the human touch in communication allow people to move seamlessly between places allow people to integrate seamlessly across different devices and systems How can we How can we Summary of ideation exercises Shift to “How can we…?” Figure out where we can play Remember, “Yes, and…”
  • 48. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Apply How can we…? to each of your Opportunities How can we Ideate! keep the human touch in communication allow people to move seamlessly between places allow people to integrate seamlessly across different devices and systems How can we How can we Exercise: Ideation questions (2 minutes)
  • 49. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Let’s collectively list possible business areas to design for • Think about whatever GeNtrFy could do or affect Use this list as a starting point Functionality Visual design Marketing Architecture Public Services Partnerships Events Software Form factor Packaging Policy Retail design Incentives Exercise: Business areas (3 minutes) How many business and civic areas to impact can you spot in this picture?
  • 50. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Use your ideation questions to generate strategies and solutions • Out loud • Visual • Collaborative Consider the range of possible business areas Bounce back and forth between generating strategies and solutions Most ideas will not turn out to be winners; the goal is to practice connecting research data to solutions Exercise: Ideation (20 minutes) Apply lemon as needed.
  • 51. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Rapidly align on your team’s best ideas and message Choose a messenger Exercise: Prepare to share (5 minutes) The wise team will choose a bold, expressive spokesperson
  • 52. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title styleExercise: Pitch it back! (10 minutes)
  • 53. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Wrap it up
  • 54. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style One new thing I learned today is… I’ve got a tip (that you didn’t cover) that works well for me… Yeah, I’ve got a question for ya…
  • 55. URF2010 ‹#› Portigal Click to edit Master title style Portigal Consulting www.portigal.com Steve @steveportigal steve@portigal.com 415-894-2001 Julie julie@portigal.com Wyatt wyatt@portigal.com Thank you!

Editor's Notes

  1. 5 minutes Introduction 9:00 - 9:0525 minutes Fieldwork and Synthesis Process 9:05 - 9:3040 minutes Fieldwork Exercise 9:30 – 10:1040 minutes Synthesis Exercise 10:10 – 10:5020 minutes Ideation Process 10:50 – 11:1040 minutes Ideation Exercise 11:10 - 11:5010 minutes Wrap Up11:50 - 12:00
  2. Try multiple viewpoints (i.e., customer vs. worker)Give it timeAllow yourself to be confused for a whileIdentify what you want to know more aboutWhy?
  3. Refer to the homework assignment – about gentrification and redevelopment. Refer back to business initiative.This is not an exercise that takes place in your head. Think aloud protocol. Get it OUT.Let's imagine we're all working on a new project for GeNtrfY, a company that helps revitalize neighborhoods in cities across North America. They are looking ahead to the redevelopment of some areas in San Francisco's South of Market neighborhood
  4. Refer to the homework assignment – about gentrification and redevelopment. Refer back to business initiative.This is not an exercise that takes place in your head. Think aloud protocol. Get it OUT.Let's imagine we're all working on a new project for GeNtrfY, a company that helps revitalize neighborhoods in cities across North America. They are looking ahead to the redevelopment of some areas in San Francisco's South of Market neighborhood
  5. Refer to the homework assignment – about gentrification and redevelopment. Refer back to business initiative.This is not an exercise that takes place in your head. Think aloud protocol. Get it OUT.Let's imagine we're all working on a new project for GeNtrfY, a company that helps revitalize neighborhoods in cities across North America. They are looking ahead to the redevelopment of some areas in San Francisco's South of Market neighborhood