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Week Four Journal
Objective
You will identify key ethical problems facing the company,
create potential solutions to those problems, and explain why
certain solutions are better than others.
Instructions
In this assignment, you will identify problems that face the two
companies that you have chosen to study in this course. You
will explain those problems, how they affect the company, and
who or what is responsible for those problems. Then, you will
attempt to provide solutions to those problems, also identifying
the difficulties in implementing those solutions.
Please answer all questions in detail. Because this journal is
worth 5% of your final grade, there is a high expectation for
your participation. Grades for the journals are based on content,
critical engagement, quality of reflection, and detail. Please
submit the completed journal via the Assignment Basket found
in the Week Four Journal tab on the left navigation toolbar by
Day 7.
Problems Facing Not-for-Profit Company
1. Identify two to five problems that face your chosen not-for-
profit company. Explain those problems.
a. Why do these problems exist? Present the background on
these problems.
b. How do these problems impact the organization?
c. Who is responsible for these problems?
2. Identify potential solutions to those problems. Here, you can
feel free to brainstorm and merely list various solutions to the
problems that you identify.
3. Choose a best solution for each problem. Explain why that
solution is the best solution. In addition, determine whether or
not the solution is possible and what would need to be done to
implement the solution.
Important note: Do your best to support your claims with
evidence, facts, and information that you have learned about
ethical theories and values throughout the course.
Problems Facing For-Profit Company
1. Identify two to five problems that face your chosen not-for-
profit company. Explain those problems.
a. Why do these problems exist? Present the background on
these problems.
b. How do these problems impact the organization?
c. Who is responsible for these problems?
2. Identify potential solutions to those problems. Here you can
feel free to brainstorm and merely list various solutions to the
problems that you identify.
3. Choose a best solution for each problem. Explain why that
solution is the best solution. In addition, determine whether or
not the solution is possible and what would need to be done to
implement the solution.
Important note: Do your best to support your claims with
evidence, facts, and information that you have learned about
ethical theories and values throughout the course.
1
Instructions for Research Paper: English 1110
Instructions:
You will write a five- page research paper on the controversial
topic that you have already chosen. You will investigate
various viewpoints on the controversial issue by finding and
reading several articles, web sources, and book chapters about
your topic. You will also draw on your interview with your
professor. Based on your reading and your interview, you will
write a research paper in which you present the opinion you
have formed from your reading. Your research paper must
contain the following elements:
1. An introduction with a thesis statement at the end of the
paragraph. Your thesis must state the opinion that you have
formed about your topic from your interview and from reading
about the controversies surrounding it. Your thesis statement
must take a position (make an argument).
2. Body paragraphs that each start with a topic sentence. A
good way to write topic sentences might be to start with your
research questions, and then write answers to them as topic
sentences.
3. In the body, you must support the position (argument) that
you take with your thesis statement by referring to your sources.
You must have at least five published sources, plus your
interview.
4. Parenthetical documentation. This is used to give credit to
your sources for their words and/or ideas.
5. A concluding paragraph in which you sum up or emphasize
your position.
6. A list of references, which are the sources you use for your
research paper. This will include the five published sources you
read as well as your interview with your professor.
Grading Rubric for Research Project:
Introduction containing a thesis statement that takes a position
30
Well-organized body paragraphs that each start with a topic
sentence and
that support the position (argument) that you take with
your thesis statement 90
Correct use of parenthetical documentation to give credit to
your sources 45
Concluding paragraph that sums up or emphasizes your position
15
A list of references in correct MLA format
45
Sentence structure and other grammar
45
Spelling, punctuation, and format
30
300 points
Note cards are worth an additional 50 points of your grade.
Note: Remember, you must give your source credit in these
ways when you use quotations, BUT ALSO when you use an
author’s ideas (and put them into your own words.) If you do
not give credit to your sources, using both parenthetical
documentation and a works cited, you will be committing
plagiarism, and you will fail the entire course.
Important Dates for Research Project:
Draft of first paragraph, which should end with a thesis
statement: Due Wednesday, April 4. Bring two copies for peer
review.
Draft of first two pages of research paper + completed Works
Cited page
Individual Conferences with me in my office: Wednesday, April
11through Monday, April 15
You will sign up for a required conference during this time.
No class Wednesday, April 11 and Monday, April 15
In-class oral presentations: Wednesday, April 18 through
Wednesday, April 25
Final Draft + note cards + drafts + peer review sheets +
complete copies of all sources:
Due Wednesday, April 25
Final drafts will not be accepted without note cards.
Ahmed Alothman
Barr, Regina L
ENGL 1110
4/6/2015
Knutson, R. A, Taylor, C. R., Pen son, J. B. And Smith, E. G.
“Safer Crops by Chemicals”
Associates, College Station, (1990). Retrieved March 2015
Knutson Taylor, Pen non and Smith mentioned that chemicals
are hazardous substances
whose objective is to execute Pests. There is a high range of
differentiated sorts of chemicals, with
varying uses. Some are extraordinarily intended to murder bugs,
while others kick out parasites or
bacteria, some are utilized to execute rodents, and a developing
sum is utilized to slaughter weeds.
On the other hand, the vast majority of these chemicals are
likewise harmful to Pests as well as to
numerous types of plants and creatures, including people. Little
amounts of these chemicals could
slaughter a man, make them sick or reason other long haul
wellbeing issues. Pesticides are
chemicals that slaughter bothers (2015).
This article answers one of my research questions. The question
asks about why do farmers
use chemicals. Farmers use chemicals to slaughter bugs,
infections or weeds that could harm their
harvests, reducing the crop yields. Most agriculturists feel
insecure since consumer protection is not
guaranteed when pests strike making the benefits minimized
without chemicals. Lower yields are as
a result of low quality as a result of the harm caused by the
notorious pests. With them serially
visiting the flourishing crops, there is no guarantee of safety,
either on the grounds that they would
have lower yields or their items would have low quality. Worth
noting, organic products with a
decent looking smooth skin can be marketed and sold at very
impressive higher costs than natural
products with terrible looking and unpleasant skin. Ranchers
shower to moderate harvest harm
created by bugs. A vermin is any natural organic entity that
poses a threat to human living by
destroying crops and comprises weeds, pathogens, as well as
arthropods, which impact greatly on
the quality of yields once meddled with them. Some of the
impact felt by the crop yields are
permanent and cannot be reversed; translating to irrecoverable
loses borne by customers that are as
a result of high production costs.
Human beings make very important steps and commit much of
their energy in their pursuit
to keep the crops free from vermin and related diseases; it is
easy to help in crop diseases control by
using crop assurance tools, stunning a range animal weed
variety that includes plant maladies and
bugs that harm crops. Ranchers face ultimate tasks to try to
keep these difficulties a bay all season,
it matters little whether they are natural or customary. The crop
insurance items differ by
environment, topographical area as well as atmosphere,
requiring every homestead to be secure in
the range of product items. Pesticides impact greatly where they
land, whether on the crops or the
person spraying and the effect may range from irritation to
infection. IPM is in light of intensive
comprehension of productive nature by ranchers which empower
them to settle on educating
choices on the best methodology to grow a solid harvest and to
deliver nourishment that is protected
and sound.
Chemicals, as mentioned throughout the paper are important, as
may be a threat! The choice
rests with the user, to decide whether to invest in the chemical
varieties to increase the crop
production or yield endless losses resulting from crop burnouts
as well as health hazards that it may
bring when mishandled.
Ahmed Alothman
Barr, Regina L
ENGL 1110
4/6/2015
Chakraborty, S., Chakraborty, N., Agrawal, L., Ghosh, S.,
Narula, K., Shekhar, S., & Datta, A..
Next-generation protein-rich potato expressing the seed protein
gene AmA1 is a result of proteome
rebalancing in transgenic tuber. Proceedings of the National
Academy of Sciences, (2010): 107(41).
Web. 28 Mar. 2015.
In the article Next-generation protein-rich potato expressing the
seed protein gene AmA1 is
a result of proteome rebalancing in transgenic tuber,
Chakraborty thinks that humans have brought
out a large number of chemical items into the environment.
Some are the waste products from
industries and agricultural processes. Some have been made as
structural materials while others
have been designed to perform various functions such as killing
pests and weeds. Some chemicals
are helpful but many are poisonous and their injury, to the
environment and our health dominate
their benefit to society. We need to maintain the exposure better
by only using chemicals, which are
safe.
This article answers one research question. The question is does
the agriculture needs all
these chemicals or we can avoid them. Chemicals get into the
air as emissions and water as
emanation. Industrial diffusion of nitrogen and sulfur oxides
cause acid rain, which kills fish and
other aquatic organisms in rivers and affects the capacity of the
soil to support plants. Carbon
dioxide causes the greenhouse aftermath and climate change.
Chlorofluorocarbons cause the
degradation of the ozone layer and cause the possibility of
deliberate environmental damage from
ultraviolet dispersion. Chemical, fertilizers and nutrients run-
off from farms cause the amplification
of toxic algae in rivers, making them uninhabitable to aquatic
animals and displeasing for humans.
Some toxic chemicals find their way from landfill waste sites
into our groundwater, rivers and
oceans and activate genetic changes that compromise the ability
of life to reproduce and survive.
The contact of human activities on the environment is large and
affects a chain of
interconnecting environs. The death of species all along the web
means the loss of useful genetic
material and life-saving cancer treatment or safer alternatives to
the alarming chemicals in use.
Additionally, harmful chemicals such as these are lead into the
environment. They affect living
things which may not be discovered up to many years after their
dispensation.
In short, some chemicals are important for agriculture and some
other are not. We have to
try to use as less chemicals as we can because some of them are
harmful for agriculture, animals
and human.
Ahmed Alothman
Barr, Regina L
ENGL 1110
4/6/2015
Horrigan, L., Lawrence, R. S. and Walker, P. "How Sustainable
Agriculture Can Address the
Environmental and Human Health Harms of Industrial
Agriculture." Environmental health
perspectives 110.5 (2002): 445-456.
Horrigan, Lawrence and Walker in their article titled "How
sustainable agriculture can
address the environmental and human health harms of industrial
agriculture" discuss in length the
impact that the agricultural practices in the modern world have
not only the environment, but also
the inhabitants. The questions answered in the article start with
the inquisition of what entails
industrial agriculture. According to the authors, this occurs
when the farms are viewed as factories
with inputs and outputs; and controlled by the effort to increase
productivity while minimizing
costs. This leads to the next question tackled which is the effect
that such agricultural practices have
had on the land, water and the people themselves. Horrigan,
Lawrence and walker then highlight the
concept of sustainable agriculture whereby systems that allow
for agricultural practices to be
conducted in a more environmentally friendly way are used.
This article answers one of my research questions. The
question asks that are the major areas
of the world which use chemicals to grow their agriculture.
Through their findings therefore, it is
easy to pinpoint the areas where agricultural practices that make
use of harmful chemicals are. First,
a trend has been observed all over the world when it comes to
the rearing of cattle and the
subsequent beef uptake. More farmers are resulting into feeding
cattle with grains which are very
inefficient in energy conversion. The result has been an increase
in levels of meat eaten especially
in industrialized countries thus an increase in the chronic
diseases affecting the people. The root
cause of this scenario is the chemicals used in agricultural
practices may it be in crops or in
livestock.
Apart from the fertilizers, agriculturists are also reportedly
using up to 3 million tons of
pesticides annually in their agricultural practices. The US is the
major culprit contributing the
highest percentage to the pesticide use. When broken down, this
leads to the release of more than
2000 chemicals into the world annually. The situation in the
pesticide use is made worse by the fact
that only 0.1% of the chemicals in the pesticide end up in the
actual crop. The rest is released to
harm the environment through various avenues.The US and
China being the most affected countries
in this use of chemicals have faced certain consequences. China
has for instance seen an increase in
the deaths of people due to chronic diseases, while the US has
seen an increase in the in area of sea
referred to as the dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico.
Generally, the level of use of chemicals in agriculture has
been on the increase especially in
America. The rest of the world also contributes to this with
there being reported more than 2 million
poisonings and 10000 deaths annually due to agriculture related
poisons.
Ahmed Alothman
Barr, Regina L
ENGL 1110
4/6/2015
Yang Meng, Overuse of fertilizers and pesticides is causing
pollution and food safety problems.
What’s more, Chinese agriculture has now become reliant on
these chemicals, China and the world
discuss environment, September, 2012
Yang Meng is the writer of this article titled “Overuse
of fertilizers and pesticides is
causing pollution and food safety problems. What’s more,
Chinese agriculture has now become
reliant on these chemicals.” In this article he had been helped
on the technical part by Zeng
Fentiang an agricultural researcher in China. This article
evaluates the impact of over use of
fertilizers to the soil in the long run and seeks to establish that
they have some damaging impact on
the soil.
This article answers one of my research questions. The
questions asks about is using
chemicals in agriculture discussed broadly by the experts in
agronomy and environmentalists, as
they discuss the other issues very broadly. The article has two
main issues that it responds to. The
first is whether use of much fertilizer makes the plants
healthier, and secondly whether there is an
effect on the prolonged use of excess fertilizer to the
environment. The conclusion of the paper are
derives from research done by Chinese Academy of agricultural
science.
From a research conducted in several provinces, it has been
establishes that of the fertilizer that is
used by the Chinese farmers, plants takes thirty present of the
fertilizer. The rest of the fertilizer is
left dumped in the soil. Zeng says that in the following season,
there will be an addition to this
fertilizer, but yet still; the plant intake is the same and the
excess is left soil.
Zeng says that there in the past, the Chinese people did not
need to use commercial
fertilizers. The soil was self sufficient and additions were
usually done form cow waste. However,
when the western came into China, they introduced the
commercial fertilizer. Over the number of
the years that the fertilizers have been in use, the soil has
become dependent on the fertilizers. He
says that planting a crop now will not make not thrive unless
fertilizer has been added to the soil.
The soils have become totally reliant on the fertilizers. Many
farmers are also known to use
pesticides and herbicides in their farms. The farmers at most
times want instant outcomes and they
thus end upon putting excess pesticides just to make sure the
pests are completely dead. The excess
amount becomes a form of pollution as the excess amount ends
up in the environment.
In short, using chemicals in agriculture discussed broadly by
the experts. Experts concluded
that the using chemicals in agriculture excessively hurt the
plants and the soil. This considered as
pollution to the environment.

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Week Four JournalObjectiveYou will identify key ethical prob.docx

  • 1. Week Four Journal Objective You will identify key ethical problems facing the company, create potential solutions to those problems, and explain why certain solutions are better than others. Instructions In this assignment, you will identify problems that face the two companies that you have chosen to study in this course. You will explain those problems, how they affect the company, and who or what is responsible for those problems. Then, you will attempt to provide solutions to those problems, also identifying the difficulties in implementing those solutions. Please answer all questions in detail. Because this journal is worth 5% of your final grade, there is a high expectation for your participation. Grades for the journals are based on content, critical engagement, quality of reflection, and detail. Please submit the completed journal via the Assignment Basket found in the Week Four Journal tab on the left navigation toolbar by Day 7. Problems Facing Not-for-Profit Company 1. Identify two to five problems that face your chosen not-for- profit company. Explain those problems. a. Why do these problems exist? Present the background on these problems. b. How do these problems impact the organization? c. Who is responsible for these problems? 2. Identify potential solutions to those problems. Here, you can
  • 2. feel free to brainstorm and merely list various solutions to the problems that you identify. 3. Choose a best solution for each problem. Explain why that solution is the best solution. In addition, determine whether or not the solution is possible and what would need to be done to implement the solution. Important note: Do your best to support your claims with evidence, facts, and information that you have learned about ethical theories and values throughout the course. Problems Facing For-Profit Company 1. Identify two to five problems that face your chosen not-for- profit company. Explain those problems. a. Why do these problems exist? Present the background on these problems. b. How do these problems impact the organization? c. Who is responsible for these problems? 2. Identify potential solutions to those problems. Here you can feel free to brainstorm and merely list various solutions to the problems that you identify. 3. Choose a best solution for each problem. Explain why that solution is the best solution. In addition, determine whether or not the solution is possible and what would need to be done to implement the solution. Important note: Do your best to support your claims with evidence, facts, and information that you have learned about ethical theories and values throughout the course.
  • 3. 1 Instructions for Research Paper: English 1110 Instructions: You will write a five- page research paper on the controversial topic that you have already chosen. You will investigate various viewpoints on the controversial issue by finding and reading several articles, web sources, and book chapters about your topic. You will also draw on your interview with your professor. Based on your reading and your interview, you will write a research paper in which you present the opinion you have formed from your reading. Your research paper must contain the following elements: 1. An introduction with a thesis statement at the end of the paragraph. Your thesis must state the opinion that you have formed about your topic from your interview and from reading about the controversies surrounding it. Your thesis statement must take a position (make an argument). 2. Body paragraphs that each start with a topic sentence. A good way to write topic sentences might be to start with your research questions, and then write answers to them as topic sentences. 3. In the body, you must support the position (argument) that you take with your thesis statement by referring to your sources. You must have at least five published sources, plus your interview. 4. Parenthetical documentation. This is used to give credit to your sources for their words and/or ideas. 5. A concluding paragraph in which you sum up or emphasize your position. 6. A list of references, which are the sources you use for your research paper. This will include the five published sources you read as well as your interview with your professor. Grading Rubric for Research Project: Introduction containing a thesis statement that takes a position
  • 4. 30 Well-organized body paragraphs that each start with a topic sentence and that support the position (argument) that you take with your thesis statement 90 Correct use of parenthetical documentation to give credit to your sources 45 Concluding paragraph that sums up or emphasizes your position 15 A list of references in correct MLA format 45 Sentence structure and other grammar 45 Spelling, punctuation, and format 30 300 points Note cards are worth an additional 50 points of your grade. Note: Remember, you must give your source credit in these ways when you use quotations, BUT ALSO when you use an author’s ideas (and put them into your own words.) If you do not give credit to your sources, using both parenthetical documentation and a works cited, you will be committing plagiarism, and you will fail the entire course. Important Dates for Research Project: Draft of first paragraph, which should end with a thesis statement: Due Wednesday, April 4. Bring two copies for peer review. Draft of first two pages of research paper + completed Works Cited page Individual Conferences with me in my office: Wednesday, April 11through Monday, April 15
  • 5. You will sign up for a required conference during this time. No class Wednesday, April 11 and Monday, April 15 In-class oral presentations: Wednesday, April 18 through Wednesday, April 25 Final Draft + note cards + drafts + peer review sheets + complete copies of all sources: Due Wednesday, April 25 Final drafts will not be accepted without note cards. Ahmed Alothman Barr, Regina L ENGL 1110 4/6/2015 Knutson, R. A, Taylor, C. R., Pen son, J. B. And Smith, E. G. “Safer Crops by Chemicals” Associates, College Station, (1990). Retrieved March 2015 Knutson Taylor, Pen non and Smith mentioned that chemicals are hazardous substances whose objective is to execute Pests. There is a high range of differentiated sorts of chemicals, with varying uses. Some are extraordinarily intended to murder bugs, while others kick out parasites or
  • 6. bacteria, some are utilized to execute rodents, and a developing sum is utilized to slaughter weeds. On the other hand, the vast majority of these chemicals are likewise harmful to Pests as well as to numerous types of plants and creatures, including people. Little amounts of these chemicals could slaughter a man, make them sick or reason other long haul wellbeing issues. Pesticides are chemicals that slaughter bothers (2015). This article answers one of my research questions. The question asks about why do farmers use chemicals. Farmers use chemicals to slaughter bugs, infections or weeds that could harm their harvests, reducing the crop yields. Most agriculturists feel insecure since consumer protection is not guaranteed when pests strike making the benefits minimized without chemicals. Lower yields are as a result of low quality as a result of the harm caused by the notorious pests. With them serially visiting the flourishing crops, there is no guarantee of safety, either on the grounds that they would have lower yields or their items would have low quality. Worth noting, organic products with a
  • 7. decent looking smooth skin can be marketed and sold at very impressive higher costs than natural products with terrible looking and unpleasant skin. Ranchers shower to moderate harvest harm created by bugs. A vermin is any natural organic entity that poses a threat to human living by destroying crops and comprises weeds, pathogens, as well as arthropods, which impact greatly on the quality of yields once meddled with them. Some of the impact felt by the crop yields are permanent and cannot be reversed; translating to irrecoverable loses borne by customers that are as a result of high production costs. Human beings make very important steps and commit much of their energy in their pursuit to keep the crops free from vermin and related diseases; it is easy to help in crop diseases control by using crop assurance tools, stunning a range animal weed variety that includes plant maladies and bugs that harm crops. Ranchers face ultimate tasks to try to keep these difficulties a bay all season, it matters little whether they are natural or customary. The crop insurance items differ by
  • 8. environment, topographical area as well as atmosphere, requiring every homestead to be secure in the range of product items. Pesticides impact greatly where they land, whether on the crops or the person spraying and the effect may range from irritation to infection. IPM is in light of intensive comprehension of productive nature by ranchers which empower them to settle on educating choices on the best methodology to grow a solid harvest and to deliver nourishment that is protected and sound. Chemicals, as mentioned throughout the paper are important, as may be a threat! The choice rests with the user, to decide whether to invest in the chemical varieties to increase the crop production or yield endless losses resulting from crop burnouts as well as health hazards that it may bring when mishandled. Ahmed Alothman Barr, Regina L ENGL 1110
  • 9. 4/6/2015 Chakraborty, S., Chakraborty, N., Agrawal, L., Ghosh, S., Narula, K., Shekhar, S., & Datta, A.. Next-generation protein-rich potato expressing the seed protein gene AmA1 is a result of proteome rebalancing in transgenic tuber. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, (2010): 107(41). Web. 28 Mar. 2015. In the article Next-generation protein-rich potato expressing the seed protein gene AmA1 is a result of proteome rebalancing in transgenic tuber, Chakraborty thinks that humans have brought out a large number of chemical items into the environment. Some are the waste products from industries and agricultural processes. Some have been made as structural materials while others have been designed to perform various functions such as killing pests and weeds. Some chemicals are helpful but many are poisonous and their injury, to the environment and our health dominate their benefit to society. We need to maintain the exposure better by only using chemicals, which are safe.
  • 10. This article answers one research question. The question is does the agriculture needs all these chemicals or we can avoid them. Chemicals get into the air as emissions and water as emanation. Industrial diffusion of nitrogen and sulfur oxides cause acid rain, which kills fish and other aquatic organisms in rivers and affects the capacity of the soil to support plants. Carbon dioxide causes the greenhouse aftermath and climate change. Chlorofluorocarbons cause the degradation of the ozone layer and cause the possibility of deliberate environmental damage from ultraviolet dispersion. Chemical, fertilizers and nutrients run- off from farms cause the amplification of toxic algae in rivers, making them uninhabitable to aquatic animals and displeasing for humans. Some toxic chemicals find their way from landfill waste sites into our groundwater, rivers and oceans and activate genetic changes that compromise the ability of life to reproduce and survive. The contact of human activities on the environment is large and affects a chain of
  • 11. interconnecting environs. The death of species all along the web means the loss of useful genetic material and life-saving cancer treatment or safer alternatives to the alarming chemicals in use. Additionally, harmful chemicals such as these are lead into the environment. They affect living things which may not be discovered up to many years after their dispensation. In short, some chemicals are important for agriculture and some other are not. We have to try to use as less chemicals as we can because some of them are harmful for agriculture, animals and human. Ahmed Alothman Barr, Regina L ENGL 1110 4/6/2015 Horrigan, L., Lawrence, R. S. and Walker, P. "How Sustainable Agriculture Can Address the Environmental and Human Health Harms of Industrial Agriculture." Environmental health
  • 12. perspectives 110.5 (2002): 445-456. Horrigan, Lawrence and Walker in their article titled "How sustainable agriculture can address the environmental and human health harms of industrial agriculture" discuss in length the impact that the agricultural practices in the modern world have not only the environment, but also the inhabitants. The questions answered in the article start with the inquisition of what entails industrial agriculture. According to the authors, this occurs when the farms are viewed as factories with inputs and outputs; and controlled by the effort to increase productivity while minimizing costs. This leads to the next question tackled which is the effect that such agricultural practices have had on the land, water and the people themselves. Horrigan, Lawrence and walker then highlight the concept of sustainable agriculture whereby systems that allow for agricultural practices to be conducted in a more environmentally friendly way are used. This article answers one of my research questions. The question asks that are the major areas of the world which use chemicals to grow their agriculture. Through their findings therefore, it is
  • 13. easy to pinpoint the areas where agricultural practices that make use of harmful chemicals are. First, a trend has been observed all over the world when it comes to the rearing of cattle and the subsequent beef uptake. More farmers are resulting into feeding cattle with grains which are very inefficient in energy conversion. The result has been an increase in levels of meat eaten especially in industrialized countries thus an increase in the chronic diseases affecting the people. The root cause of this scenario is the chemicals used in agricultural practices may it be in crops or in livestock. Apart from the fertilizers, agriculturists are also reportedly using up to 3 million tons of pesticides annually in their agricultural practices. The US is the major culprit contributing the highest percentage to the pesticide use. When broken down, this leads to the release of more than 2000 chemicals into the world annually. The situation in the pesticide use is made worse by the fact that only 0.1% of the chemicals in the pesticide end up in the
  • 14. actual crop. The rest is released to harm the environment through various avenues.The US and China being the most affected countries in this use of chemicals have faced certain consequences. China has for instance seen an increase in the deaths of people due to chronic diseases, while the US has seen an increase in the in area of sea referred to as the dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico. Generally, the level of use of chemicals in agriculture has been on the increase especially in America. The rest of the world also contributes to this with there being reported more than 2 million poisonings and 10000 deaths annually due to agriculture related poisons. Ahmed Alothman Barr, Regina L ENGL 1110 4/6/2015 Yang Meng, Overuse of fertilizers and pesticides is causing pollution and food safety problems. What’s more, Chinese agriculture has now become reliant on
  • 15. these chemicals, China and the world discuss environment, September, 2012 Yang Meng is the writer of this article titled “Overuse of fertilizers and pesticides is causing pollution and food safety problems. What’s more, Chinese agriculture has now become reliant on these chemicals.” In this article he had been helped on the technical part by Zeng Fentiang an agricultural researcher in China. This article evaluates the impact of over use of fertilizers to the soil in the long run and seeks to establish that they have some damaging impact on the soil. This article answers one of my research questions. The questions asks about is using chemicals in agriculture discussed broadly by the experts in agronomy and environmentalists, as they discuss the other issues very broadly. The article has two main issues that it responds to. The first is whether use of much fertilizer makes the plants healthier, and secondly whether there is an effect on the prolonged use of excess fertilizer to the environment. The conclusion of the paper are
  • 16. derives from research done by Chinese Academy of agricultural science. From a research conducted in several provinces, it has been establishes that of the fertilizer that is used by the Chinese farmers, plants takes thirty present of the fertilizer. The rest of the fertilizer is left dumped in the soil. Zeng says that in the following season, there will be an addition to this fertilizer, but yet still; the plant intake is the same and the excess is left soil. Zeng says that there in the past, the Chinese people did not need to use commercial fertilizers. The soil was self sufficient and additions were usually done form cow waste. However, when the western came into China, they introduced the commercial fertilizer. Over the number of the years that the fertilizers have been in use, the soil has become dependent on the fertilizers. He says that planting a crop now will not make not thrive unless fertilizer has been added to the soil. The soils have become totally reliant on the fertilizers. Many farmers are also known to use pesticides and herbicides in their farms. The farmers at most
  • 17. times want instant outcomes and they thus end upon putting excess pesticides just to make sure the pests are completely dead. The excess amount becomes a form of pollution as the excess amount ends up in the environment. In short, using chemicals in agriculture discussed broadly by the experts. Experts concluded that the using chemicals in agriculture excessively hurt the plants and the soil. This considered as pollution to the environment.