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Weaponized Artificial Intelligence -
3 Critical Dual-Use Applications
by Daniel Faggella
CEO, Emerj Artificial Intelligence Research
Overview
● Bio in brief
● Introduction
● Application 1: Computer Vision
● Application 2: Natural Language Processing
● Application 3: Programmatically Generated Content
● Concluding thoughts
New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
We help large organizations (the World Bank,
global pharma giants, etc) make critical strategic
decisions about AI strategy and AI impact.
● AI market sizing, growth-rate analysis
● Competitive intelligence and strategy
● Vendor selection and AI adoption
Presenting our AI Research at
United Nations HQ, NYC
Military Applications of AI
● Updating legacy physical systems (tanks, planes,
missile systems) will take many years
● Autonomous weapons remain a concern (the
powerful will build them, others will decry them)
● Much of the novel AI innovation in weaponry and
defense will begin in the private sector
New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
Application 1:
Computer Vision
emerj.com @danfaggella
Computer Vision Capabilities
● 1. Retail / Other: Behavior Detection
● 2. Finance: Satellite Imagery / Quantamental
Investing
New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
Computer Vision - Dual-Use
● 1. Retail / Other: Behavior Detection
○ Quantifying the movement of enemy troops or
leaders
○ Homeland surveillance
● 2. Finance: Satellite Imagery / Quantamental
Investing
○ Predicting movement of enemy vessels
○ Predicting enemy munition/fuel levels
New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
Application 2:
Natural Language Processing
emerj.com @danfaggella
Computer Vision Capabilities
● 1. Any: Translation, Summarization
● 2. Marketing: Extraction
New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
Computer Vision - Dual-Use
● 1. Any: Translation, Summarization
○ ..
○ ..
● 2. Marketing: Extraction
○ ..
○ ..
New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
Application 3:
Programmatically Generated Content
emerj.com @danfaggella
Deepfake of Barack Obama
[near-unlimited data to train on, massive budget]
Deepfake of Bettina Tucci Bartsiotas
[1 min of video footage to train on, miniature budget]
NVIDIA
NVIDIA
@goodfellow_ian
Weaponized Artificial Intelligence - 3 Critical Dual-Use Applications
Weaponized Artificial Intelligence - 3 Critical Dual-Use Applications
AI and PGC: Companies
Goal:
● Unassailable relative power
Means:
● Encourage increasingly more use (time) and
behavior (purchase)
● Be seen as benevolent, or ambient
Strategy:
● Discourage use and behavior on outside platforms
● Own the digital ecosystem with more and more
features to eat away at competitors’ share
New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
AI and PGC: Companies - Precedents
● Facebook buys Oculus to own more eyeballs in
virtual space
● Amazon and Google fight over the home assistant
market
● Google fought with Facebook in the social space
(Google+)
● Facebook and Google are both attempting to
compete with Amazon in eCommerce
● (I’m sure similar dynamics exist in China)
New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
AI and PGC: Countries
Goal:
● Unassailable relative power
Means:
● Strong economy/military, compliant society
Strategy:
● Create conflict in the ecosystem of other countries
(weaken societies and economies
● Encourage society to support the goals of the ruling
party (most effective in governments where leaders
cannot be voted out)
New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
AI and PGC: Countries - Precedents
● Countries forming their own independent internet,
deterring dissidents and inculcating society
○ Governments taking control of VR/AR for the
same reason
● Countries resisting the digital ecosystems (social
media) and hardware (5G, etc) of other countries,
warry to grand control of their virtual ecosystems
● Interfering with politics and societies of democratic
nations with open governments
● Governments using their private virtual ecosystem
players as extensions of the party’s will
New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
We are Going In
We are Going In
INTERPOL World 2019 Emerj
Hypothesis
In the remaining part of the 21st century:
All competition between the world’s most powerful
nations or organizations (whether economic, political, or
military) is about gaining control over the computational
substrate that houses human experience and AI.
New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
Concluding Thoughts
How should democratic nations...
● Ethically leverage the new capabilities of AI?
● Set up international norms and governance?
● Handle the malicious and abusive use of AI by
autocratic states?
New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
That’s all, folks
research@emerj.com
emerj.com @danfaggella

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Weaponized Artificial Intelligence - 3 Critical Dual-Use Applications

  • 1. Weaponized Artificial Intelligence - 3 Critical Dual-Use Applications by Daniel Faggella CEO, Emerj Artificial Intelligence Research
  • 2. Overview ● Bio in brief ● Introduction ● Application 1: Computer Vision ● Application 2: Natural Language Processing ● Application 3: Programmatically Generated Content ● Concluding thoughts New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
  • 3. We help large organizations (the World Bank, global pharma giants, etc) make critical strategic decisions about AI strategy and AI impact. ● AI market sizing, growth-rate analysis ● Competitive intelligence and strategy ● Vendor selection and AI adoption Presenting our AI Research at United Nations HQ, NYC
  • 4. Military Applications of AI ● Updating legacy physical systems (tanks, planes, missile systems) will take many years ● Autonomous weapons remain a concern (the powerful will build them, others will decry them) ● Much of the novel AI innovation in weaponry and defense will begin in the private sector New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
  • 6. Computer Vision Capabilities ● 1. Retail / Other: Behavior Detection ● 2. Finance: Satellite Imagery / Quantamental Investing New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
  • 7. Computer Vision - Dual-Use ● 1. Retail / Other: Behavior Detection ○ Quantifying the movement of enemy troops or leaders ○ Homeland surveillance ● 2. Finance: Satellite Imagery / Quantamental Investing ○ Predicting movement of enemy vessels ○ Predicting enemy munition/fuel levels New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
  • 8. Application 2: Natural Language Processing emerj.com @danfaggella
  • 9. Computer Vision Capabilities ● 1. Any: Translation, Summarization ● 2. Marketing: Extraction New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
  • 10. Computer Vision - Dual-Use ● 1. Any: Translation, Summarization ○ .. ○ .. ● 2. Marketing: Extraction ○ .. ○ .. New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
  • 11. Application 3: Programmatically Generated Content emerj.com @danfaggella
  • 12. Deepfake of Barack Obama [near-unlimited data to train on, massive budget]
  • 13. Deepfake of Bettina Tucci Bartsiotas [1 min of video footage to train on, miniature budget]
  • 19. AI and PGC: Companies Goal: ● Unassailable relative power Means: ● Encourage increasingly more use (time) and behavior (purchase) ● Be seen as benevolent, or ambient Strategy: ● Discourage use and behavior on outside platforms ● Own the digital ecosystem with more and more features to eat away at competitors’ share New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
  • 20. AI and PGC: Companies - Precedents ● Facebook buys Oculus to own more eyeballs in virtual space ● Amazon and Google fight over the home assistant market ● Google fought with Facebook in the social space (Google+) ● Facebook and Google are both attempting to compete with Amazon in eCommerce ● (I’m sure similar dynamics exist in China) New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
  • 21. AI and PGC: Countries Goal: ● Unassailable relative power Means: ● Strong economy/military, compliant society Strategy: ● Create conflict in the ecosystem of other countries (weaken societies and economies ● Encourage society to support the goals of the ruling party (most effective in governments where leaders cannot be voted out) New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
  • 22. AI and PGC: Countries - Precedents ● Countries forming their own independent internet, deterring dissidents and inculcating society ○ Governments taking control of VR/AR for the same reason ● Countries resisting the digital ecosystems (social media) and hardware (5G, etc) of other countries, warry to grand control of their virtual ecosystems ● Interfering with politics and societies of democratic nations with open governments ● Governments using their private virtual ecosystem players as extensions of the party’s will New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
  • 24. We are Going In INTERPOL World 2019 Emerj
  • 25. Hypothesis In the remaining part of the 21st century: All competition between the world’s most powerful nations or organizations (whether economic, political, or military) is about gaining control over the computational substrate that houses human experience and AI. New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj
  • 26. Concluding Thoughts How should democratic nations... ● Ethically leverage the new capabilities of AI? ● Set up international norms and governance? ● Handle the malicious and abusive use of AI by autocratic states? New Shape Forum 2019 Emerj