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Dan Gillmor (2006)
   Andrew Keen (2007)




               Year 13
Monday 26th March 2012
Julian Assange
 What did you find out?
 What did you question?
 What is your opinion?
Objectives
   By the end of the lesson you should
    have;
     Understood Keen’s theory and views
     Understood Gillmor’s theory and views
     Applied and challenged the theory through
      class discussion and/or debate
     Research and Present your case studies
Starter
 Where do you/your parents learn about
  the news?
 Where do they get their sources from?
The evolution
   1945: People gathered around radios

   1963: Kennedy’s death via TV (earlier
    newspapers and magazines)

   Sep 11 2001: News 24, internet

   21st Century: Blogs, IM, Chat, internet on
    phones
                                   Gillmor
We the Media: Grassroots
journalism, by the people for the
people
   ‘Journalism transformation
    from a twentieth century
    mass-media structure to
    something profoundly more
    grassroots and democratic.’
    (Gillmor)
The Cult of the Amateur
Andrew Keen
   ‘There will be over five
    hundreds million blogs by
    2010, collectively corrupting
    and confusing popular opinion
    about everything from politics,
    to commerce to arts and
    culture. Blogs have become
    so dizzyingly infinite that
    they’ve undermined our sense
    of what is true and false...’
Think point
   Can everyone be a journalist?
Not everyone is a journalist
‘...these days kids can’t tell the difference
    between credible news by objective
    professional journalists and what they read on
    joeshmoe.blogspot.com...posting is just another
    person’s version of the truth; every fiction is just
    another person’s version of the facts.’ (Keen)
Regular people are Journalists
‘...news was being produces by regular people who
    had something to say and show, and not solely by
    the “official” news organisations that had
    traditionally decided how the first draft of history
    would look. The first draft was being written, in
    part, by the former audience. It was possible – it
    was inevitable – because of the internet.’ (Gillmor)
What are we Talking about?
‘...the internet has become a mirror to
    ourselves. Rather than using it to seek
    news, information, or culture, we use it
    to actually BE the news, the information,
    the culture.’ (Keen)
The BIG Media
 ‘...treated the news as a
  lecture. We told you what
  the news was. You
  brought it in, or you
  didn’t.’
 ‘Tomorrow’s news
  reporting and production
  will be more of a
  conversation, or a
  seminar.’ (Gillmor)
Anti-BIG Media
 Julian Assage
 Noam Chomsky
 John Pilger
 Charlie Brooker
Today
   Is it just the ‘BIG media’ that sources our
    news now?

 Think about where you get your
  information from?
 Where do you read about the news?
The 3 Major Constituencies
   Journalists
       Accuracy and fairness
       Important
       Shape larger conversations
       Gather facts and report them
   Newsmakers
     Rich and powerful discovering new vulnerabilities
     New ways to get out their messages
     Allies (politics)
   The former audience
       Once the consumers
       Helping create a massive conversation
       Grassroots becoming professionals
       More voices and more options
                                                   Gillmor
The Big media
   Aim: to make high profit
     Greed
   Readers and advertisements
     Care more for advertisements than quality
     journalism
   Who will do big investigations
     Pay expensive lawyers
     Expose
   But is anarchy a solution to good news?
                                           Gillmor
Big brother
 The government censors all information
 Politian's shut off information that the public
  need to know.

   Is the grassroots journalism information
    tracked?



                                         Gillmor
Who’s democracy?
   ‘a rather narrow and very privileged slice of
    polity – those who are educated enough to
    take part in the wired conversation, who have
    the technical skills, who are affluent enough
    to have the time and equipment .’ Tim Stites




                                       Gillmor
We are Monkeys
We are just monkeys to the neo
  digital world. Dancing to the
  world of the internet.
‘What is more disgusting that the
  fact that millions of us willingly
  tune in to (youtube) such
  nonsense each day is that
  some Web sites are making
  monkeys out of us without our
  even knowing it.’ (Keen)
Is it Democratic?
‘The rise of the citizen-journalist will help us listen.
  The ability of anyone to make the news will give
  new voice to people who’ve felt voiceless – and
  those words we need to hear. They are
  showing all of us – citizen, journalist,
  newsmaker-new ways of talking, of learning.’
  (Gillmor)
Is it Democratic?
Keen calls it ‘collective intelligence’
e.g. Google, the results it gives you is the
  sites which have been clicked on the most

‘...ninety million questions we collectively ask
    google each day; in other words, it just tells
    us what we already know.’ (Keen)

So what new knowledge/wisdom are we
  really acquiring?
Discussion
   Has new technology made the media
    more democratic?
Case study
   Have a look at various news sources
     Online ‘BIG media’ newspapers
     Online Blogs
   Examples to compare (non BIG media)
       The new significance
       Media Lens
       Wiki Leaks
       Z Net
       The Progressive (.org)
       The New significance

 How is the news content different?
 Whose voice is heard?
 What issues do they talk about?
 How accurate is the news source?

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Media Evolution

  • 1. Dan Gillmor (2006) Andrew Keen (2007) Year 13 Monday 26th March 2012
  • 2. Julian Assange  What did you find out?  What did you question?  What is your opinion?
  • 3. Objectives  By the end of the lesson you should have;  Understood Keen’s theory and views  Understood Gillmor’s theory and views  Applied and challenged the theory through class discussion and/or debate  Research and Present your case studies
  • 4. Starter  Where do you/your parents learn about the news?  Where do they get their sources from?
  • 5. The evolution  1945: People gathered around radios  1963: Kennedy’s death via TV (earlier newspapers and magazines)  Sep 11 2001: News 24, internet  21st Century: Blogs, IM, Chat, internet on phones Gillmor
  • 6. We the Media: Grassroots journalism, by the people for the people  ‘Journalism transformation from a twentieth century mass-media structure to something profoundly more grassroots and democratic.’ (Gillmor)
  • 7. The Cult of the Amateur Andrew Keen  ‘There will be over five hundreds million blogs by 2010, collectively corrupting and confusing popular opinion about everything from politics, to commerce to arts and culture. Blogs have become so dizzyingly infinite that they’ve undermined our sense of what is true and false...’
  • 8. Think point  Can everyone be a journalist?
  • 9. Not everyone is a journalist ‘...these days kids can’t tell the difference between credible news by objective professional journalists and what they read on joeshmoe.blogspot.com...posting is just another person’s version of the truth; every fiction is just another person’s version of the facts.’ (Keen)
  • 10. Regular people are Journalists ‘...news was being produces by regular people who had something to say and show, and not solely by the “official” news organisations that had traditionally decided how the first draft of history would look. The first draft was being written, in part, by the former audience. It was possible – it was inevitable – because of the internet.’ (Gillmor)
  • 11. What are we Talking about? ‘...the internet has become a mirror to ourselves. Rather than using it to seek news, information, or culture, we use it to actually BE the news, the information, the culture.’ (Keen)
  • 12. The BIG Media  ‘...treated the news as a lecture. We told you what the news was. You brought it in, or you didn’t.’  ‘Tomorrow’s news reporting and production will be more of a conversation, or a seminar.’ (Gillmor)
  • 13. Anti-BIG Media  Julian Assage  Noam Chomsky  John Pilger  Charlie Brooker
  • 14. Today  Is it just the ‘BIG media’ that sources our news now?  Think about where you get your information from?  Where do you read about the news?
  • 15. The 3 Major Constituencies  Journalists  Accuracy and fairness  Important  Shape larger conversations  Gather facts and report them  Newsmakers  Rich and powerful discovering new vulnerabilities  New ways to get out their messages  Allies (politics)  The former audience  Once the consumers  Helping create a massive conversation  Grassroots becoming professionals  More voices and more options Gillmor
  • 16. The Big media  Aim: to make high profit  Greed  Readers and advertisements  Care more for advertisements than quality journalism  Who will do big investigations  Pay expensive lawyers  Expose  But is anarchy a solution to good news? Gillmor
  • 17. Big brother  The government censors all information  Politian's shut off information that the public need to know.  Is the grassroots journalism information tracked? Gillmor
  • 18. Who’s democracy?  ‘a rather narrow and very privileged slice of polity – those who are educated enough to take part in the wired conversation, who have the technical skills, who are affluent enough to have the time and equipment .’ Tim Stites Gillmor
  • 19. We are Monkeys We are just monkeys to the neo digital world. Dancing to the world of the internet. ‘What is more disgusting that the fact that millions of us willingly tune in to (youtube) such nonsense each day is that some Web sites are making monkeys out of us without our even knowing it.’ (Keen)
  • 20. Is it Democratic? ‘The rise of the citizen-journalist will help us listen. The ability of anyone to make the news will give new voice to people who’ve felt voiceless – and those words we need to hear. They are showing all of us – citizen, journalist, newsmaker-new ways of talking, of learning.’ (Gillmor)
  • 21. Is it Democratic? Keen calls it ‘collective intelligence’ e.g. Google, the results it gives you is the sites which have been clicked on the most ‘...ninety million questions we collectively ask google each day; in other words, it just tells us what we already know.’ (Keen) So what new knowledge/wisdom are we really acquiring?
  • 22. Discussion  Has new technology made the media more democratic?
  • 23. Case study  Have a look at various news sources  Online ‘BIG media’ newspapers  Online Blogs  Examples to compare (non BIG media)  The new significance  Media Lens  Wiki Leaks  Z Net  The Progressive (.org)  The New significance  How is the news content different?  Whose voice is heard?  What issues do they talk about?  How accurate is the news source?