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you hear about...



climate change
you hear about...


energy
independence
you hear about...


carbon footprint
you hear about...


energy plans:
Pickens, Obama, Google, McCain...
what you want to know is...



how do i fit in?
what you need are...



tools for making
the right consumer
choices
wattzon.com
Because solving climate and energy challenges
requires everyone's help.
wattzon.com
Measure what is measureable, make measure-
able what is not.
                                  - Galileo
wattzon.com
A social network around the notion of energy
use and conservation.

A wiki methodology for assembling a profoundly
complex dataset.

Share. Compare. Learn. Change.
What is my relationship to climate and energy?
HOW MUCH POWER
   DO I USE?
Using units of power allows you to compare things that happen on
markedly different time scales. yearly + monthly + daily + ...

Power, in Watts, is like an average.
The average amount of energy, in Joules, you use each second.




                                                                            = 7,462 Watts



If you do something monthly (like your electricity bill), it contributes:

                                                                            = 170 Watts



If you do something daily (like drink 1 Energy drink), it contributes:

                                                                     = 90 Watts
SFO TO LHR 41




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Per capita power use 2003
                 Per Capita Energy Use 2003


            30
                                                                           16 Belgium
                                                                           17 Saudi Arabia
                                                                           18 Singapore
                                                                           19 Gibraltar
                                                                           20 Netherlands
                                                                           21 Oman
                                             1 Qatar                       22 France
                                                                           23 Russian Federation
            25                               2 Iceland                     24 New Zealand
                                             3 United Arab Emirates        25 Korea, Rep
                                                                           26 Czech Rep
                                             4 Bahrain                     27 Germany
                                                                           28 Austria
                                             5 Luxembourg                  29 Japan
                                             6 Netherlands Antilles        30 United Kingdom
                                                                           31 Denmark
                                             7 Kuwait                      32 Ireland
            20                               8 Trinidad and Tobago         33 Switzerland
                                                                           34 Estonia
                                             9 Canada                      35 Turkmenistan
                                                                           36 Slovenia
                                             10 United States              37 Slovakia
                                             11 Brunei Darussalam          38 Kazakhstan
                                                                           39 Cyprus
kilowatts




                                             12 Finland                    40 Spain
                                                                           41 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
                                             13 Norway
            15
                                                                           42 Israel
                                             14 Sweden                     43 Italy
                                                                           44 Ukraine
                                             15 Australia                  45 Greece
                                                                           46 Belarus
                                                                           47 Lithuania
                                                                           48 South Africa
                                                                           49 Hungary
                                                                           50 Bulgaria
                                                                                                       US Average.
            10




            5
                                                                                                       Global
                                                                                                       Average


                 0          10               20               30      40                          50
Energy production
                                                     Humanity

Units shown in Terawatts (TW)                      18 TW


                                Gas: 3.2   Coal: 3.6
          Nuclear: 1

      Hydro: 0.36

       Wind: 0.06

    Solar: 0.016

Geothermal: 0.03

   Tidal: 0.0005


                          Plants: 5.2      Oil:5
Cumulative National CO2 Emissions from Fossil-Fuel Burning,
                              Cumulative national CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, ce-
                              ment manufacture, andand Gas Flaring: 1751-2004
                                Cement Manufacture, gas flaring: 1751-2004
                             90



                             80                          1 UNITED_STATES_OF_AMERICA      16 AUSTRALIA
                                                                                         17 CZECHOSLOVAKIA
                                                         2 USSR                          18 BELGIUM
                                                         3 CHINA_MAINLAND                19 SPAIN
                                                         4 GERMANY_COMBINE               20 BRAZIL
                                                         5 JAPAN_COMBINE                 21 REPUBLIC_OF_KOREA
                             70                          6 UNITED_KINGDOM
                                                                                         22 NETHERLANDS
                                                                                         23 ISLAMIC_REPUBLIC_OF_IRAN
giga metric tons of carbon




                                                         7 YUGOSLAVIA_COMBINE            24 SAUDI_ARABIA
                                                         8 FRANCE_INCLUDING_MONACO       25 INDONESIA
                                                                                         26 ROMANIA
                                                         9 INDIA
                                                                                         27 DEMOCRATIC_PEOPLES_REPUBLIC_OF_KOREA
                             60                          10 CANADA                       28 ARGENTINA
                                                         11 POLAND                       29 VENEZUELA
                                                         12 RUSSIAN_FEDERATION           30 TURKEY
                                                                                         31 UKRAINE
                                                         13 ITALY_INCLUDING_SAN_MARINO   32 TAIWAN
                                                         14 SOUTH_AFRICA                 33 AUSTRIA
                             50                          15 MEXICO                       34 SWEDEN
                                                                                         35 HUNGARY
                                                                                         36 THAILAND
                                                                                         37 DENMARK
                                                                                         38 ALGERIA
                                                                                         39 BULGARIA
                             40                                                          40 EGYPT
                                                                                         41 GREECE
                                                                                         42 SWITZERLAND
                                                                                         43 NIGERIA
                                                                                         44 MALAYSIA
                                                                                         45 FINLAND
                             30                                                          46 UNITED_ARAB_EMIRATES
                                                                                         47 KAZAKHSTAN
                                                                                         48 IRAQ
                                                                                         49 COLOMBIA
                                                                                         50 PAKISTAN
                             20



                             10




                                  0          10             20                      30                    40                       50
Temperature Changes around the world
in the last quarter of the 20th century

Trends in °C per decade




                                 -1   - 0.8   - 0.6   - 0.4 - 0.2   0 + 0.2 + 0.4 + 0.6 + 0.8   +1




                          -1   -0.8 -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0                         +0.2 +0.4 +0.6 +0.8 +1
What is the challenge?

Current Demand:

16 TW

Fossil Fuel:

3 TW

Existing non-carbon:

1.5 TW

New Clean Energy:

16 - ( 3 + 1.5 ) = 11.5 TW
Global consumption
Sources of renewable energy.
                                                                                           15 TW

                              85 000 TW Surface Solar
       3.5 TW Tidal



                               41 000 TW                             38 000 TW
 31 000 TW                     Evaporation                           Land & Water heating
 Atmospheric
 Absorption
                               300 TW Hydro Clouds
3600 TW Wind

                                                  25 TW Hydro Land


                                                                                 32 TW Geo thermal
                                       7.2 TW Hydro Rivers


  62 TW Ocean surface waves

                                     90 TW Photosynthesis     25 TW Ocean

                                         65 TW Land
     3 TW Coastal waves
                                                                       100 TW Ocean thermal gradient
Land area by country represented as scaled stripes
WattzOn Personal Energy Audit
WattzOn Personal Energy Audit
WattzOn Personal Energy Audit
WattzOn Personal Energy Audit
WattzOn Personal Energy Audit

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WattzOn Personal Energy Audit

  • 1.
  • 5. you hear about... energy plans: Pickens, Obama, Google, McCain...
  • 6. what you want to know is... how do i fit in?
  • 7. what you need are... tools for making the right consumer choices
  • 8. wattzon.com Because solving climate and energy challenges requires everyone's help.
  • 9. wattzon.com Measure what is measureable, make measure- able what is not. - Galileo
  • 10. wattzon.com A social network around the notion of energy use and conservation. A wiki methodology for assembling a profoundly complex dataset. Share. Compare. Learn. Change.
  • 11. What is my relationship to climate and energy?
  • 12. HOW MUCH POWER DO I USE?
  • 13. Using units of power allows you to compare things that happen on markedly different time scales. yearly + monthly + daily + ... Power, in Watts, is like an average. The average amount of energy, in Joules, you use each second. = 7,462 Watts If you do something monthly (like your electricity bill), it contributes: = 170 Watts If you do something daily (like drink 1 Energy drink), it contributes: = 90 Watts
  • 14. SFO TO LHR 41 W W W 60 LHR- 3W 4 SF 30 TS 29 SF O ER ATL HE 3 O-A H TH DS LIG ED SFO L-A -ATL O -SF A TL T NT O W W O EE 1 M R -CP A 4 OU S- 410 W O1 K- TR A 160 AT O E W 0W S AS H5 CC G IC 4 60 L- N G ST GY S -H W N-A W 10 JU ER W FO 4 W O W 3 N N ER W 3 W NO -O 57 E H S A 1 S IR W OT S LE FA 0 SF K W 5 W 56 2 C F BO O- BO 0 HH A E HI S-A ICE W S V V S- S G V. AN R W SF 21 O ER -SE 0 OA O 21 0 W G T L 10 OA K DC -DC V E TA E K-O 0 W 8W S NS RD -O 18 S PO FE -M ON AK 18 W 0 OD 40 W E -QU GO 3 D QU E-D E2 0W ITE ION TW 10 WH UCAT 60 W -SF W ED ANCE O2 BUR-O SFO 10 W FIN AK 20 -JFK 80 W W OAK-BUR 200 RE 6 20 W JFK-SFO W HCA 200 W H EALT SFO-BO W BOS-ORD S 210 W TION 110 70 W RECREA ORD-SFO 14 0W HOUSE 260 W SFO-JFK 200 W JFK-SFO 200 W 230 W MISCSTU SJC-SJO FF1000 W 0W JC 23 SJO-S 0W BOO IJ 28 KS S JC-V W WA 130 80 STE W C2 BIK DIS -SJ NE ES PO TEXT VIJ WS 6 WW SA L 9 ILES EL 18 A EC 0 W TER 1 W T 90 W TR 60 RAN W ON W SPO 1 40 CO IC S2 RTT OM D1 M PU 50 E 4 SY W 0W O- TE SF RS BO W 70 0 AT 0 CA 31 W W S RS R 0 50 0W WO -D 31 56 W W O WO ERTI 28 FO SF RK 0W AG IN 0 80 HILU 150 W -S TE 0W W RK AK HE W 0W O2 .F SHOWERS GAS 70 W 0W COOKING GAS 30 W DR 31 RN -O EL AT 100 X 16 ET F O MA 24 HT EC 20 TAXIORRENTAL 47 K-S W SF 70 SIG LIZ TER 0W TR YV OA W IC MY 2007 LIFE ER A IN UGG A TACO PRIN 41 OTA 50 ND 0W EB GE S W TOY 17027 W HO DUN TOYOT AG ELEC CIDE AG PEST 0 W 0 W DOD . FO AG . CO (pre tax) . BE SS FF SU ER CE ILF OTHER EE LIGHTS GA TR STERE FR LAPTOP COMPU &W W I RE FRIDGE DA UE HEATIN IC R UIT 50 W S 3 2 FA AL IRY LS ME INE 20 40 TS ,V S& S ELEC 8 O ELEC AT 80 ELEC 7 EG AN GGS W 10 6 TER EL ELEC 1 G GAS 4 GR TS 9 ELEC 3 &E W DO &N W AIN U IL 0W W S 1W EC 10 16 0W 10 00 W W 0W 0W 0W W W
  • 15. Per capita power use 2003 Per Capita Energy Use 2003 30 16 Belgium 17 Saudi Arabia 18 Singapore 19 Gibraltar 20 Netherlands 21 Oman 1 Qatar 22 France 23 Russian Federation 25 2 Iceland 24 New Zealand 3 United Arab Emirates 25 Korea, Rep 26 Czech Rep 4 Bahrain 27 Germany 28 Austria 5 Luxembourg 29 Japan 6 Netherlands Antilles 30 United Kingdom 31 Denmark 7 Kuwait 32 Ireland 20 8 Trinidad and Tobago 33 Switzerland 34 Estonia 9 Canada 35 Turkmenistan 36 Slovenia 10 United States 37 Slovakia 11 Brunei Darussalam 38 Kazakhstan 39 Cyprus kilowatts 12 Finland 40 Spain 41 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 13 Norway 15 42 Israel 14 Sweden 43 Italy 44 Ukraine 15 Australia 45 Greece 46 Belarus 47 Lithuania 48 South Africa 49 Hungary 50 Bulgaria US Average. 10 5 Global Average 0 10 20 30 40 50
  • 16. Energy production Humanity Units shown in Terawatts (TW) 18 TW Gas: 3.2 Coal: 3.6 Nuclear: 1 Hydro: 0.36 Wind: 0.06 Solar: 0.016 Geothermal: 0.03 Tidal: 0.0005 Plants: 5.2 Oil:5
  • 17. Cumulative National CO2 Emissions from Fossil-Fuel Burning, Cumulative national CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, ce- ment manufacture, andand Gas Flaring: 1751-2004 Cement Manufacture, gas flaring: 1751-2004 90 80 1 UNITED_STATES_OF_AMERICA 16 AUSTRALIA 17 CZECHOSLOVAKIA 2 USSR 18 BELGIUM 3 CHINA_MAINLAND 19 SPAIN 4 GERMANY_COMBINE 20 BRAZIL 5 JAPAN_COMBINE 21 REPUBLIC_OF_KOREA 70 6 UNITED_KINGDOM 22 NETHERLANDS 23 ISLAMIC_REPUBLIC_OF_IRAN giga metric tons of carbon 7 YUGOSLAVIA_COMBINE 24 SAUDI_ARABIA 8 FRANCE_INCLUDING_MONACO 25 INDONESIA 26 ROMANIA 9 INDIA 27 DEMOCRATIC_PEOPLES_REPUBLIC_OF_KOREA 60 10 CANADA 28 ARGENTINA 11 POLAND 29 VENEZUELA 12 RUSSIAN_FEDERATION 30 TURKEY 31 UKRAINE 13 ITALY_INCLUDING_SAN_MARINO 32 TAIWAN 14 SOUTH_AFRICA 33 AUSTRIA 50 15 MEXICO 34 SWEDEN 35 HUNGARY 36 THAILAND 37 DENMARK 38 ALGERIA 39 BULGARIA 40 40 EGYPT 41 GREECE 42 SWITZERLAND 43 NIGERIA 44 MALAYSIA 45 FINLAND 30 46 UNITED_ARAB_EMIRATES 47 KAZAKHSTAN 48 IRAQ 49 COLOMBIA 50 PAKISTAN 20 10 0 10 20 30 40 50
  • 18. Temperature Changes around the world in the last quarter of the 20th century Trends in °C per decade -1 - 0.8 - 0.6 - 0.4 - 0.2 0 + 0.2 + 0.4 + 0.6 + 0.8 +1 -1 -0.8 -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0 +0.2 +0.4 +0.6 +0.8 +1
  • 19. What is the challenge? Current Demand: 16 TW Fossil Fuel: 3 TW Existing non-carbon: 1.5 TW New Clean Energy: 16 - ( 3 + 1.5 ) = 11.5 TW
  • 20. Global consumption Sources of renewable energy. 15 TW 85 000 TW Surface Solar 3.5 TW Tidal 41 000 TW 38 000 TW 31 000 TW Evaporation Land & Water heating Atmospheric Absorption 300 TW Hydro Clouds 3600 TW Wind 25 TW Hydro Land 32 TW Geo thermal 7.2 TW Hydro Rivers 62 TW Ocean surface waves 90 TW Photosynthesis 25 TW Ocean 65 TW Land 3 TW Coastal waves 100 TW Ocean thermal gradient
  • 21. Land area by country represented as scaled stripes