SlideShare a Scribd company logo
WASTE AND THE
ENVIRONMENT
Gordon James
Friends of the Earth Cymru
WHY REDUCE WASTE
• Throw away culture – Wastes valuable
resources – Litter
• Harm of mining, processing etc
• Landfill sites – methane emissions, water
pollution, dust, noise and health concerns
• New products use more energy
• Greenhouse gas emissions from landfill,
incineration, energy use
• The natural environment is our life-
support system providing us with food,
clean air, fresh water, a stable climate,
raw materials, ....
• Now the natural world’s ability to sustain
life on earth is under threat...biodiversity
loss, peak oil, climate change
NATURAL RESOURCES
WHY WORRY?
RESOURCE LOSS
• Logging, mining, industrial agriculture, fishing,
pollution etc are causing extinction rates not
seen since the loss of the dinosaurs.
INEQUALITY
• Humans today extract and use 50% more
natural resources than just 30 years ago
• A North American consumes, on average, 90
kg of resources a day, an European 45 kg and
an African 10 kg.
• As well as environmental damage, increasing
resource extraction also leads to social
problems such as human rights violations and
poor working conditions.
NIGER DELTA
• Oil extraction by Shell in the Niger Delta has
caused widespread environmental damage, ill
health and poverty.
RESOURCE WASTE
• In Europe, if recyclable waste in 2004 had
been used instead of being dumped in landfills
or incinerators, it would have saved E5.25b
and 148 m tonnes of CO2
• In the UK, using recyclable waste would have
saved £650m and 19m tonnes CO2....the same
as taking 6 million cars off the road.
From Gone to Waste by FoE 2009
ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT
• Human demands on natural resources are
now outstripping what the Earth can provide
by more than half.
• If everyone lived as we do in Wales, humans
would need 2.7 planets to survive.
[The biennial Living Planet Report from WWF, the Zoological Society of
London and the Global Footprint Network 13th
October 2010]
• Waste generation contributes 15% to Wales’
Ecological Footprint - WAG
WASTE IN WALES 2008/09
• Municipal waste produced - 1.7m tonnes
• Landfilled - 1.03m tonnes
• Recycled - 0.43m tonnes
• Composted - 0.21m tonnes
• Incinerated - 0.03m tonnes
• Source: WAG’s Municipal Waste Management Report for Wales 2008-09
LITTER
LANDFILL – NO THANKS
• Complete waste of resources
• Leachate contaminates water courses
• Emits greenhouse gases, mainly methane –
2.4% of total in Wales
• Creates dust, noise and vermin problems
• Can impact adversely on health e.g Nant-y-
Gwyddon
• Expensive – landfill tax is £48/tonne
A WAY FORWARD
“Nature does not produce waste. In nature, the
waste of one organism or process becomes
the food for another.”
From ‘Waste Management and Sustainable Development in South Africa’
• ACHIEVE ZERO WASTE – This means zero
residual waste not simply no waste to landfill
WASTE HIERARCHY
EU’s Waste Framework Directive states the
following waste hierarchy should be applied
a)Prevention
b)Reuse
c)Recycling
d)Other recovery e.g energy recovery
e)Disposal
CO2 IMPACTS
Material Landfill Incineration Recycling
Paper and card 2.20 1.40 1.30
Plastic packaging 3.10 5.00 1.50
Textiles 18.00 9.00 2.00
Glass packaging 0.84 0.84 0.53
Steel packaging 3.00 1.30 0.70
Aluminium
packaging
11.05 11.05 2.00
Gone to Waste FoE (2009)
WASTE PREVENTION
• The best environmental option, avoiding
resource use, saving energy and CO2 emissions
• Recycling and food waste collection encourages
prevention
• The amount of municipal waste produced in
Wales has declined over the last 4 years by 2mT
• WAG’s new strategy, Towards Zero waste, has
a set a target of cutting waste by 65% by 2050
and to do so at a rate of 1.5% a year.
REUSE
• Large numbers of perfectly useable household
goods are currently dumped e.g furniture
• Reuse means diversion from landfill and
incineration, provision of goods at low cost
and creation of employment
• In Flanders there’s a network of re-use shops
with discounts for people in need
RECYCLING
• Reduces need for extraction and processing of
new resources, saving energy and CO2
• Wales recycles or composts 44% of municipal
waste
• WAG has set a target to recycle 70% of waste
by 2025
• We believe it should be 70% by 2015 –
Flanders already over 70% - 80% by 2020
ENERGY SAVINGS
• Energy saved by recycling compared to
incineration –
• Paper – 3 times
• Plastic – 5 times
• Textiles – 6 times
COMPOSTING
• Composting - returns nutrients and structure
to soils
• displaces other fertilizers
• sequesters carbon
• in the case of anaerobic digestion, produces
methane which can be used as a 100%
renewable energy source.
More on Anaerobic Digestion
• Anaerobic Digestion (AD) can generate 100% renewable
energy from food waste, slurries, sewage sludge etc:
– biogas can be burnt directly, to generate electricity (least
efficient option), and/or heat
– it can be injected into the natural gas grid (very efficient),
reducing dependence on imported gas
– it can be used as a transport fuel (very efficient)
• Food waste collection is cost effective and popular
– Best (in cost and environmental terms) to collect food waste
separate from green waste, in kitchen caddies, with compostable
liners
REUSE/RECYCLING/COMPOSTING
WALES 2008/09
1. Torfaen – 49%
2. Ceredigion – 48.7%
7. Pembrokeshire – 39%
13. Rhondda Cynon Taff – 37%
16. Neath/Port Talbot – 35%
20. Swansea – 32%
22. Blaenau Gwent – 25%
Then the residual...
• Up to 30% in Wales after 70% recycling and
composting
• Residual waste should always remain
something that should be minimised, not
promoted
–If a market for residual waste, e.g
incineration, is created then material will
not go up the waste hierarchy, loosing the
environmental benefits
Why not incinerate it?
The incineration advocate would say...
– An incinerator will generate some electricity,
maybe some heat
– They aren’t as polluting as they used to be,
and you can hire an architect to make them
look weird
– They are a low risk technology, if rather
expensive
– Easy option for local authorities
Incineration
– Inefficient - just over 20% - and emits 30%
more C02 than gas-fired power station if
incinerator is electricity only
– Incinerators will burn recyclable materials,
unlike other residual waste technologies that
will separate out e.g. plastics
– Incinerators are large, expensive and
inflexible, and must be fed with a constant
stream of waste for 25 – 30 years
Incineration
• Produces waste for landfill – 25% of inputs as
bottom ash (contains some toxic materials)
and 5% fly-ash (hazardous waste)
• Unpopular because of concern about
emissions and lorry traffic
• IPC process –undermines WAG waste policy
An alternative....
• Following high levels of recycling or composting, we should:
– Use mechanical biological treatment to pre-treat any
remaining residual waste prior to landfill or low-grade land
treatment, aiming to:
• Maximise removal of recyclables (including plastics)
• Minimise methane production in the landfill
– The MBT system must be modular and flexible, designed
to deal with gradually reducing residual waste volumes, as
recycling rates increase & waste prevention has an impact.
– Eunomia consultancy found this approach was one of the
best residual waste treatments in climate terms - much
better than incineration
New technologies?
• Much is said about gasification, pyrolysis,
plasma
– But unbiased data is difficult to find, and there
is much scepticism in the waste industry.
• If incinerators built, these technologies ruled out
for >25 years
• Top priority is waste reduction
ZERO WASTE CREATES JOBS
• Recycling creates ten times more jobs than
incineration or landfilling
• If the EU achieved a 70% recycling rate, at
least 500,000 jobs would be created
• In the UK this would amount to 50,000 new
jobs in recycling

More Related Content

What's hot

Municipal Solid Waste: Is it Garbage or Gold?
Municipal Solid Waste: Is it Garbage or Gold?Municipal Solid Waste: Is it Garbage or Gold?
Municipal Solid Waste: Is it Garbage or Gold?
ESD UNU-IAS
 
Proposal on Solid Waste Management
Proposal on Solid Waste ManagementProposal on Solid Waste Management
Waste management project proposal for sri lanka
Waste management project proposal for sri lankaWaste management project proposal for sri lanka
Waste management project proposal for sri lanka
Lahiru Dilshan
 
Waste as a resource - Pathway to a Resilient Future for Dorset - Workshop Pre...
Waste as a resource - Pathway to a Resilient Future for Dorset - Workshop Pre...Waste as a resource - Pathway to a Resilient Future for Dorset - Workshop Pre...
Waste as a resource - Pathway to a Resilient Future for Dorset - Workshop Pre...
Ecological Sequestration Trust
 
Waste management
Waste management Waste management
Waste management
rajvishal2000
 
incIncineration of municipal solid waste in malaysia by Zainab Amjad
incIncineration of municipal solid waste in malaysia by Zainab AmjadincIncineration of municipal solid waste in malaysia by Zainab Amjad
incIncineration of municipal solid waste in malaysia by Zainab Amjad
زینب امجد
 
Unit 210 reasons and targets
Unit 210 reasons and targetsUnit 210 reasons and targets
Unit 210 reasons and targets
rfelters
 
Life cycle thinking aalto uni
Life cycle thinking aalto uniLife cycle thinking aalto uni
Life cycle thinking aalto uni
Greening Events - project
 
Strategic Solid Waste Management Plan for Municipalities: Chautara Municipality
Strategic Solid Waste Management Plan for Municipalities: Chautara Municipality Strategic Solid Waste Management Plan for Municipalities: Chautara Municipality
Strategic Solid Waste Management Plan for Municipalities: Chautara Municipality
Saroj Upadhyay
 
solid waste management in shanghai, china
solid waste management in shanghai, chinasolid waste management in shanghai, china
solid waste management in shanghai, china
Karthik Deepan
 
Research proposal of solid waste management
Research proposal of solid waste managementResearch proposal of solid waste management
Research proposal of solid waste management
Omar Faruq Rana
 
Research proposal to Japan government for Solid Waste Management
Research proposal to Japan government for Solid Waste ManagementResearch proposal to Japan government for Solid Waste Management
Research proposal to Japan government for Solid Waste Management
Abdul Motaleb
 
solid waste management
solid waste managementsolid waste management
solid waste management
Jam'un Akira
 
Solid waste management practices in dehradun under jn nurm
Solid waste management practices in dehradun under jn nurmSolid waste management practices in dehradun under jn nurm
Solid waste management practices in dehradun under jn nurm
Kartikeya Pandey
 
Energy From Waste
Energy From WasteEnergy From Waste
Energy From Waste
iBuildEcoHub
 
Waste Management Solutions
Waste Management SolutionsWaste Management Solutions
Waste Management Solutions
FirstService Residential
 
Solid Waste Management in Lebanon: Challenges and Recommendations
Solid Waste Management in Lebanon: Challenges and RecommendationsSolid Waste Management in Lebanon: Challenges and Recommendations
Solid Waste Management in Lebanon: Challenges and Recommendations
Premier Publishers
 
Waste management
Waste managementWaste management
Waste management
Vivek Jain
 
Waste recycling-issues-and-opportunities
Waste recycling-issues-and-opportunitiesWaste recycling-issues-and-opportunities
Waste recycling-issues-and-opportunities
Mohammad Shamsuzzoha (Shams)
 
Solid waste management and its effects on economical Growth
Solid waste management and its effects on economical GrowthSolid waste management and its effects on economical Growth
Solid waste management and its effects on economical Growth
Sekhar Babu Venkata Velpuri
 

What's hot (20)

Municipal Solid Waste: Is it Garbage or Gold?
Municipal Solid Waste: Is it Garbage or Gold?Municipal Solid Waste: Is it Garbage or Gold?
Municipal Solid Waste: Is it Garbage or Gold?
 
Proposal on Solid Waste Management
Proposal on Solid Waste ManagementProposal on Solid Waste Management
Proposal on Solid Waste Management
 
Waste management project proposal for sri lanka
Waste management project proposal for sri lankaWaste management project proposal for sri lanka
Waste management project proposal for sri lanka
 
Waste as a resource - Pathway to a Resilient Future for Dorset - Workshop Pre...
Waste as a resource - Pathway to a Resilient Future for Dorset - Workshop Pre...Waste as a resource - Pathway to a Resilient Future for Dorset - Workshop Pre...
Waste as a resource - Pathway to a Resilient Future for Dorset - Workshop Pre...
 
Waste management
Waste management Waste management
Waste management
 
incIncineration of municipal solid waste in malaysia by Zainab Amjad
incIncineration of municipal solid waste in malaysia by Zainab AmjadincIncineration of municipal solid waste in malaysia by Zainab Amjad
incIncineration of municipal solid waste in malaysia by Zainab Amjad
 
Unit 210 reasons and targets
Unit 210 reasons and targetsUnit 210 reasons and targets
Unit 210 reasons and targets
 
Life cycle thinking aalto uni
Life cycle thinking aalto uniLife cycle thinking aalto uni
Life cycle thinking aalto uni
 
Strategic Solid Waste Management Plan for Municipalities: Chautara Municipality
Strategic Solid Waste Management Plan for Municipalities: Chautara Municipality Strategic Solid Waste Management Plan for Municipalities: Chautara Municipality
Strategic Solid Waste Management Plan for Municipalities: Chautara Municipality
 
solid waste management in shanghai, china
solid waste management in shanghai, chinasolid waste management in shanghai, china
solid waste management in shanghai, china
 
Research proposal of solid waste management
Research proposal of solid waste managementResearch proposal of solid waste management
Research proposal of solid waste management
 
Research proposal to Japan government for Solid Waste Management
Research proposal to Japan government for Solid Waste ManagementResearch proposal to Japan government for Solid Waste Management
Research proposal to Japan government for Solid Waste Management
 
solid waste management
solid waste managementsolid waste management
solid waste management
 
Solid waste management practices in dehradun under jn nurm
Solid waste management practices in dehradun under jn nurmSolid waste management practices in dehradun under jn nurm
Solid waste management practices in dehradun under jn nurm
 
Energy From Waste
Energy From WasteEnergy From Waste
Energy From Waste
 
Waste Management Solutions
Waste Management SolutionsWaste Management Solutions
Waste Management Solutions
 
Solid Waste Management in Lebanon: Challenges and Recommendations
Solid Waste Management in Lebanon: Challenges and RecommendationsSolid Waste Management in Lebanon: Challenges and Recommendations
Solid Waste Management in Lebanon: Challenges and Recommendations
 
Waste management
Waste managementWaste management
Waste management
 
Waste recycling-issues-and-opportunities
Waste recycling-issues-and-opportunitiesWaste recycling-issues-and-opportunities
Waste recycling-issues-and-opportunities
 
Solid waste management and its effects on economical Growth
Solid waste management and its effects on economical GrowthSolid waste management and its effects on economical Growth
Solid waste management and its effects on economical Growth
 

Similar to Waste and the environment Friends of the Earth

Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
mamdouh sabour
 
Summary of topic 8.3
Summary of topic 8.3Summary of topic 8.3
Summary of topic 8.3
Michael Smith
 
Waste Management Methods.pptx
Waste Management Methods.pptxWaste Management Methods.pptx
Waste Management Methods.pptx
ssuser54b5c5
 
Solid waste management
Solid waste management Solid waste management
Solid waste management
Prashant Katti
 
Unit 209 Principles of Waste and Recycling Industry
Unit 209 Principles of Waste and Recycling IndustryUnit 209 Principles of Waste and Recycling Industry
Unit 209 Principles of Waste and Recycling Industry
rfelters
 
WATER SUSTAINABILITY
WATER SUSTAINABILITY WATER SUSTAINABILITY
WATER SUSTAINABILITY
BORNEO SHARKARMA
 
Impact of food waste on environment
Impact of food waste on environmentImpact of food waste on environment
Impact of food waste on environment
S Rasouli
 
Solid Waste Management - Presentation Slides
Solid Waste Management - Presentation SlidesSolid Waste Management - Presentation Slides
solid waste management in switzerland.pptx
solid waste management in switzerland.pptxsolid waste management in switzerland.pptx
solid waste management in switzerland.pptx
VittalSBajantri
 
Solid waste management (my ppt)
Solid waste management (my ppt)Solid waste management (my ppt)
Solid waste management (my ppt)
Devika Reddy
 
Unit 209 Principles of the Waste & Recycling Industry
Unit 209 Principles of the Waste & Recycling IndustryUnit 209 Principles of the Waste & Recycling Industry
Unit 209 Principles of the Waste & Recycling Industry
rfelters
 
International waste management strategies
International waste management strategiesInternational waste management strategies
International waste management strategies
Ahmed Ali
 
International waste management strategies
International waste management strategiesInternational waste management strategies
International waste management strategies
Ahmed Ali
 
Waste to energy tech talk in
Waste to energy tech talk in Waste to energy tech talk in
Waste to energy tech talk in
narendra kumar
 
Dr. Sami Lakkis - Impact of Untreated Urban and Industrial Solid Waste
Dr. Sami Lakkis - Impact of Untreated Urban and Industrial Solid WasteDr. Sami Lakkis - Impact of Untreated Urban and Industrial Solid Waste
Dr. Sami Lakkis - Impact of Untreated Urban and Industrial Solid Waste
Hudhaib Al-Allatti
 
Disposal
DisposalDisposal
Disposal
Ankit Jain
 
Waste management
Waste managementWaste management
Waste management
Alefiya Bhiwandiwala
 
Being Environmentally Friendly
Being Environmentally FriendlyBeing Environmentally Friendly
Being Environmentally Friendly
Diaa El-Masry - PMP, LEED AP, GSAS CGP
 
Solid waste mgt
Solid waste mgtSolid waste mgt
Solid waste mgt
Ankit Jain
 
An introduction to waste to energy 130417
An introduction to waste to energy 130417An introduction to waste to energy 130417
An introduction to waste to energy 130417
Moustafa M Elsayed
 

Similar to Waste and the environment Friends of the Earth (20)

Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
 
Summary of topic 8.3
Summary of topic 8.3Summary of topic 8.3
Summary of topic 8.3
 
Waste Management Methods.pptx
Waste Management Methods.pptxWaste Management Methods.pptx
Waste Management Methods.pptx
 
Solid waste management
Solid waste management Solid waste management
Solid waste management
 
Unit 209 Principles of Waste and Recycling Industry
Unit 209 Principles of Waste and Recycling IndustryUnit 209 Principles of Waste and Recycling Industry
Unit 209 Principles of Waste and Recycling Industry
 
WATER SUSTAINABILITY
WATER SUSTAINABILITY WATER SUSTAINABILITY
WATER SUSTAINABILITY
 
Impact of food waste on environment
Impact of food waste on environmentImpact of food waste on environment
Impact of food waste on environment
 
Solid Waste Management - Presentation Slides
Solid Waste Management - Presentation SlidesSolid Waste Management - Presentation Slides
Solid Waste Management - Presentation Slides
 
solid waste management in switzerland.pptx
solid waste management in switzerland.pptxsolid waste management in switzerland.pptx
solid waste management in switzerland.pptx
 
Solid waste management (my ppt)
Solid waste management (my ppt)Solid waste management (my ppt)
Solid waste management (my ppt)
 
Unit 209 Principles of the Waste & Recycling Industry
Unit 209 Principles of the Waste & Recycling IndustryUnit 209 Principles of the Waste & Recycling Industry
Unit 209 Principles of the Waste & Recycling Industry
 
International waste management strategies
International waste management strategiesInternational waste management strategies
International waste management strategies
 
International waste management strategies
International waste management strategiesInternational waste management strategies
International waste management strategies
 
Waste to energy tech talk in
Waste to energy tech talk in Waste to energy tech talk in
Waste to energy tech talk in
 
Dr. Sami Lakkis - Impact of Untreated Urban and Industrial Solid Waste
Dr. Sami Lakkis - Impact of Untreated Urban and Industrial Solid WasteDr. Sami Lakkis - Impact of Untreated Urban and Industrial Solid Waste
Dr. Sami Lakkis - Impact of Untreated Urban and Industrial Solid Waste
 
Disposal
DisposalDisposal
Disposal
 
Waste management
Waste managementWaste management
Waste management
 
Being Environmentally Friendly
Being Environmentally FriendlyBeing Environmentally Friendly
Being Environmentally Friendly
 
Solid waste mgt
Solid waste mgtSolid waste mgt
Solid waste mgt
 
An introduction to waste to energy 130417
An introduction to waste to energy 130417An introduction to waste to energy 130417
An introduction to waste to energy 130417
 

More from Dave Mckenna

Good Scrutiny? Good Question! Swansea's Example
Good Scrutiny? Good Question! Swansea's ExampleGood Scrutiny? Good Question! Swansea's Example
Good Scrutiny? Good Question! Swansea's Example
Dave Mckenna
 
Swansea scrutiny work planning conference 2013
Swansea scrutiny work planning conference 2013Swansea scrutiny work planning conference 2013
Swansea scrutiny work planning conference 2013
Dave Mckenna
 
Swansea’s new single integrated plan
Swansea’s new single integrated plan Swansea’s new single integrated plan
Swansea’s new single integrated plan
Dave Mckenna
 
Scrutiny affordable housing
Scrutiny affordable housing Scrutiny affordable housing
Scrutiny affordable housing
Dave Mckenna
 
Scrutiny work planning conference
Scrutiny work planning conferenceScrutiny work planning conference
Scrutiny work planning conference
Dave Mckenna
 
Swansea scrutiny induction 1 p pt[1]
Swansea scrutiny induction 1 p pt[1]Swansea scrutiny induction 1 p pt[1]
Swansea scrutiny induction 1 p pt[1]
Dave Mckenna
 
Prevention and Early Intervention Programme
Prevention and Early Intervention Programme  Prevention and Early Intervention Programme
Prevention and Early Intervention Programme
Dave Mckenna
 
Scrutiny and social media
Scrutiny and social mediaScrutiny and social media
Scrutiny and social media
Dave Mckenna
 
Young People not in Education, Employment or Training - Swansea LSB Project
Young People not in Education, Employment or Training - Swansea LSB ProjectYoung People not in Education, Employment or Training - Swansea LSB Project
Young People not in Education, Employment or Training - Swansea LSB Project
Dave Mckenna
 
Swansea’s local service board
Swansea’s local service boardSwansea’s local service board
Swansea’s local service board
Dave Mckenna
 
Youth Offender Service
Youth Offender ServiceYouth Offender Service
Youth Offender Service
Dave Mckenna
 
Consultation and Engagement Strategy
Consultation and Engagement StrategyConsultation and Engagement Strategy
Consultation and Engagement Strategy
Dave Mckenna
 
Gwent Frailty Project
Gwent Frailty Project Gwent Frailty Project
Gwent Frailty Project
Dave Mckenna
 
Ab Glass
Ab GlassAb Glass
Ab Glass
Dave Mckenna
 
Scrutiny and the Critical Friend Role
Scrutiny and the Critical Friend RoleScrutiny and the Critical Friend Role
Scrutiny and the Critical Friend Role
Dave Mckenna
 
Ldp overview da summary
Ldp overview  da summaryLdp overview  da summary
Ldp overview da summary
Dave Mckenna
 
Scrutiny social media and us
Scrutiny social media and usScrutiny social media and us
Scrutiny social media and us
Dave Mckenna
 
Safer swansea presentation to scrutiny
Safer swansea presentation to scrutiny Safer swansea presentation to scrutiny
Safer swansea presentation to scrutiny
Dave Mckenna
 
Hafod primary school
Hafod primary schoolHafod primary school
Hafod primary school
Dave Mckenna
 
Team Around the Child Presentation to CYPL Overview & Scrutiny Board
Team Around the Child Presentation to CYPL Overview & Scrutiny BoardTeam Around the Child Presentation to CYPL Overview & Scrutiny Board
Team Around the Child Presentation to CYPL Overview & Scrutiny Board
Dave Mckenna
 

More from Dave Mckenna (20)

Good Scrutiny? Good Question! Swansea's Example
Good Scrutiny? Good Question! Swansea's ExampleGood Scrutiny? Good Question! Swansea's Example
Good Scrutiny? Good Question! Swansea's Example
 
Swansea scrutiny work planning conference 2013
Swansea scrutiny work planning conference 2013Swansea scrutiny work planning conference 2013
Swansea scrutiny work planning conference 2013
 
Swansea’s new single integrated plan
Swansea’s new single integrated plan Swansea’s new single integrated plan
Swansea’s new single integrated plan
 
Scrutiny affordable housing
Scrutiny affordable housing Scrutiny affordable housing
Scrutiny affordable housing
 
Scrutiny work planning conference
Scrutiny work planning conferenceScrutiny work planning conference
Scrutiny work planning conference
 
Swansea scrutiny induction 1 p pt[1]
Swansea scrutiny induction 1 p pt[1]Swansea scrutiny induction 1 p pt[1]
Swansea scrutiny induction 1 p pt[1]
 
Prevention and Early Intervention Programme
Prevention and Early Intervention Programme  Prevention and Early Intervention Programme
Prevention and Early Intervention Programme
 
Scrutiny and social media
Scrutiny and social mediaScrutiny and social media
Scrutiny and social media
 
Young People not in Education, Employment or Training - Swansea LSB Project
Young People not in Education, Employment or Training - Swansea LSB ProjectYoung People not in Education, Employment or Training - Swansea LSB Project
Young People not in Education, Employment or Training - Swansea LSB Project
 
Swansea’s local service board
Swansea’s local service boardSwansea’s local service board
Swansea’s local service board
 
Youth Offender Service
Youth Offender ServiceYouth Offender Service
Youth Offender Service
 
Consultation and Engagement Strategy
Consultation and Engagement StrategyConsultation and Engagement Strategy
Consultation and Engagement Strategy
 
Gwent Frailty Project
Gwent Frailty Project Gwent Frailty Project
Gwent Frailty Project
 
Ab Glass
Ab GlassAb Glass
Ab Glass
 
Scrutiny and the Critical Friend Role
Scrutiny and the Critical Friend RoleScrutiny and the Critical Friend Role
Scrutiny and the Critical Friend Role
 
Ldp overview da summary
Ldp overview  da summaryLdp overview  da summary
Ldp overview da summary
 
Scrutiny social media and us
Scrutiny social media and usScrutiny social media and us
Scrutiny social media and us
 
Safer swansea presentation to scrutiny
Safer swansea presentation to scrutiny Safer swansea presentation to scrutiny
Safer swansea presentation to scrutiny
 
Hafod primary school
Hafod primary schoolHafod primary school
Hafod primary school
 
Team Around the Child Presentation to CYPL Overview & Scrutiny Board
Team Around the Child Presentation to CYPL Overview & Scrutiny BoardTeam Around the Child Presentation to CYPL Overview & Scrutiny Board
Team Around the Child Presentation to CYPL Overview & Scrutiny Board
 

Recently uploaded

Java MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
Java MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHatJava MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
Java MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
React Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
React Interview Question PDF By ScholarHatReact Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
React Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docxMATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
yardenmendoza
 
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptxMathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
nolicaliso1
 
Demonstration module in Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
Demonstration module in Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 SlidesDemonstration module in Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
Demonstration module in Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx
7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx
7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx
UmeshTimilsina1
 
V2-NLC-Certificate-of-Completion_Learner.docx
V2-NLC-Certificate-of-Completion_Learner.docxV2-NLC-Certificate-of-Completion_Learner.docx
V2-NLC-Certificate-of-Completion_Learner.docx
302491
 
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.pptFIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
ashutoshklal29
 
1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx
1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx
1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx
UmeshTimilsina1
 
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptxSD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
elwoodprias1
 
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
mansk2
 
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal UseIntroduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Excellence Foundation for South Sudan
 
Devops Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Devops Interview Question PDF By ScholarHatDevops Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Devops Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
Parkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptx
Parkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptxParkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptx
Parkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptx
AnujVishwakarma34
 
Pedagogy/Definition/Features/Approaches/Types
Pedagogy/Definition/Features/Approaches/TypesPedagogy/Definition/Features/Approaches/Types
Pedagogy/Definition/Features/Approaches/Types
SobiaAlvi
 
Nothing Twice 3 poetic devices with definition.pptx
Nothing Twice 3 poetic devices with definition.pptxNothing Twice 3 poetic devices with definition.pptx
Nothing Twice 3 poetic devices with definition.pptx
AncyTEnglish
 
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
UmeshTimilsina1
 
Lecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privileges
Lecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privilegesLecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privileges
Lecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privileges
Murugan146644
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Java MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
Java MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHatJava MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
Java MCQ Questions and Answers PDF By ScholarHat
 
React Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
React Interview Question PDF By ScholarHatReact Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
React Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
 
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docxMATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
 
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptxMathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
 
Demonstration module in Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
Demonstration module in Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 SlidesDemonstration module in Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
Demonstration module in Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
 
7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx
7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx
7. Post Harvest Entomology and their control.pptx
 
V2-NLC-Certificate-of-Completion_Learner.docx
V2-NLC-Certificate-of-Completion_Learner.docxV2-NLC-Certificate-of-Completion_Learner.docx
V2-NLC-Certificate-of-Completion_Learner.docx
 
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.pptFIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
 
1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx
1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx
1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx
 
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptxSD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
 
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
 
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal UseIntroduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
 
Devops Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Devops Interview Question PDF By ScholarHatDevops Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Devops Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
 
Parkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptx
Parkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptxParkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptx
Parkinson Disease & Anti-Parkinsonian Drugs.pptx
 
Pedagogy/Definition/Features/Approaches/Types
Pedagogy/Definition/Features/Approaches/TypesPedagogy/Definition/Features/Approaches/Types
Pedagogy/Definition/Features/Approaches/Types
 
Nothing Twice 3 poetic devices with definition.pptx
Nothing Twice 3 poetic devices with definition.pptxNothing Twice 3 poetic devices with definition.pptx
Nothing Twice 3 poetic devices with definition.pptx
 
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
 
Lecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privileges
Lecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privilegesLecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privileges
Lecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privileges
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
 
UM “ATÉ JÁ” ANIMADO! . .
UM “ATÉ JÁ” ANIMADO!                        .            .UM “ATÉ JÁ” ANIMADO!                        .            .
UM “ATÉ JÁ” ANIMADO! . .
 

Waste and the environment Friends of the Earth

  • 1. WASTE AND THE ENVIRONMENT Gordon James Friends of the Earth Cymru
  • 2. WHY REDUCE WASTE • Throw away culture – Wastes valuable resources – Litter • Harm of mining, processing etc • Landfill sites – methane emissions, water pollution, dust, noise and health concerns • New products use more energy • Greenhouse gas emissions from landfill, incineration, energy use
  • 3. • The natural environment is our life- support system providing us with food, clean air, fresh water, a stable climate, raw materials, .... • Now the natural world’s ability to sustain life on earth is under threat...biodiversity loss, peak oil, climate change NATURAL RESOURCES WHY WORRY?
  • 4. RESOURCE LOSS • Logging, mining, industrial agriculture, fishing, pollution etc are causing extinction rates not seen since the loss of the dinosaurs.
  • 5. INEQUALITY • Humans today extract and use 50% more natural resources than just 30 years ago • A North American consumes, on average, 90 kg of resources a day, an European 45 kg and an African 10 kg. • As well as environmental damage, increasing resource extraction also leads to social problems such as human rights violations and poor working conditions.
  • 6. NIGER DELTA • Oil extraction by Shell in the Niger Delta has caused widespread environmental damage, ill health and poverty.
  • 7. RESOURCE WASTE • In Europe, if recyclable waste in 2004 had been used instead of being dumped in landfills or incinerators, it would have saved E5.25b and 148 m tonnes of CO2 • In the UK, using recyclable waste would have saved £650m and 19m tonnes CO2....the same as taking 6 million cars off the road. From Gone to Waste by FoE 2009
  • 8. ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT • Human demands on natural resources are now outstripping what the Earth can provide by more than half. • If everyone lived as we do in Wales, humans would need 2.7 planets to survive. [The biennial Living Planet Report from WWF, the Zoological Society of London and the Global Footprint Network 13th October 2010] • Waste generation contributes 15% to Wales’ Ecological Footprint - WAG
  • 9. WASTE IN WALES 2008/09 • Municipal waste produced - 1.7m tonnes • Landfilled - 1.03m tonnes • Recycled - 0.43m tonnes • Composted - 0.21m tonnes • Incinerated - 0.03m tonnes • Source: WAG’s Municipal Waste Management Report for Wales 2008-09
  • 11. LANDFILL – NO THANKS • Complete waste of resources • Leachate contaminates water courses • Emits greenhouse gases, mainly methane – 2.4% of total in Wales • Creates dust, noise and vermin problems • Can impact adversely on health e.g Nant-y- Gwyddon • Expensive – landfill tax is £48/tonne
  • 12. A WAY FORWARD “Nature does not produce waste. In nature, the waste of one organism or process becomes the food for another.” From ‘Waste Management and Sustainable Development in South Africa’ • ACHIEVE ZERO WASTE – This means zero residual waste not simply no waste to landfill
  • 13. WASTE HIERARCHY EU’s Waste Framework Directive states the following waste hierarchy should be applied a)Prevention b)Reuse c)Recycling d)Other recovery e.g energy recovery e)Disposal
  • 14. CO2 IMPACTS Material Landfill Incineration Recycling Paper and card 2.20 1.40 1.30 Plastic packaging 3.10 5.00 1.50 Textiles 18.00 9.00 2.00 Glass packaging 0.84 0.84 0.53 Steel packaging 3.00 1.30 0.70 Aluminium packaging 11.05 11.05 2.00 Gone to Waste FoE (2009)
  • 15. WASTE PREVENTION • The best environmental option, avoiding resource use, saving energy and CO2 emissions • Recycling and food waste collection encourages prevention • The amount of municipal waste produced in Wales has declined over the last 4 years by 2mT • WAG’s new strategy, Towards Zero waste, has a set a target of cutting waste by 65% by 2050 and to do so at a rate of 1.5% a year.
  • 16. REUSE • Large numbers of perfectly useable household goods are currently dumped e.g furniture • Reuse means diversion from landfill and incineration, provision of goods at low cost and creation of employment • In Flanders there’s a network of re-use shops with discounts for people in need
  • 17. RECYCLING • Reduces need for extraction and processing of new resources, saving energy and CO2 • Wales recycles or composts 44% of municipal waste • WAG has set a target to recycle 70% of waste by 2025 • We believe it should be 70% by 2015 – Flanders already over 70% - 80% by 2020
  • 18. ENERGY SAVINGS • Energy saved by recycling compared to incineration – • Paper – 3 times • Plastic – 5 times • Textiles – 6 times
  • 19. COMPOSTING • Composting - returns nutrients and structure to soils • displaces other fertilizers • sequesters carbon • in the case of anaerobic digestion, produces methane which can be used as a 100% renewable energy source.
  • 20. More on Anaerobic Digestion • Anaerobic Digestion (AD) can generate 100% renewable energy from food waste, slurries, sewage sludge etc: – biogas can be burnt directly, to generate electricity (least efficient option), and/or heat – it can be injected into the natural gas grid (very efficient), reducing dependence on imported gas – it can be used as a transport fuel (very efficient) • Food waste collection is cost effective and popular – Best (in cost and environmental terms) to collect food waste separate from green waste, in kitchen caddies, with compostable liners
  • 21. REUSE/RECYCLING/COMPOSTING WALES 2008/09 1. Torfaen – 49% 2. Ceredigion – 48.7% 7. Pembrokeshire – 39% 13. Rhondda Cynon Taff – 37% 16. Neath/Port Talbot – 35% 20. Swansea – 32% 22. Blaenau Gwent – 25%
  • 22. Then the residual... • Up to 30% in Wales after 70% recycling and composting • Residual waste should always remain something that should be minimised, not promoted –If a market for residual waste, e.g incineration, is created then material will not go up the waste hierarchy, loosing the environmental benefits
  • 23. Why not incinerate it? The incineration advocate would say... – An incinerator will generate some electricity, maybe some heat – They aren’t as polluting as they used to be, and you can hire an architect to make them look weird – They are a low risk technology, if rather expensive – Easy option for local authorities
  • 24. Incineration – Inefficient - just over 20% - and emits 30% more C02 than gas-fired power station if incinerator is electricity only – Incinerators will burn recyclable materials, unlike other residual waste technologies that will separate out e.g. plastics – Incinerators are large, expensive and inflexible, and must be fed with a constant stream of waste for 25 – 30 years
  • 25. Incineration • Produces waste for landfill – 25% of inputs as bottom ash (contains some toxic materials) and 5% fly-ash (hazardous waste) • Unpopular because of concern about emissions and lorry traffic • IPC process –undermines WAG waste policy
  • 26. An alternative.... • Following high levels of recycling or composting, we should: – Use mechanical biological treatment to pre-treat any remaining residual waste prior to landfill or low-grade land treatment, aiming to: • Maximise removal of recyclables (including plastics) • Minimise methane production in the landfill – The MBT system must be modular and flexible, designed to deal with gradually reducing residual waste volumes, as recycling rates increase & waste prevention has an impact. – Eunomia consultancy found this approach was one of the best residual waste treatments in climate terms - much better than incineration
  • 27. New technologies? • Much is said about gasification, pyrolysis, plasma – But unbiased data is difficult to find, and there is much scepticism in the waste industry. • If incinerators built, these technologies ruled out for >25 years • Top priority is waste reduction
  • 28. ZERO WASTE CREATES JOBS • Recycling creates ten times more jobs than incineration or landfilling • If the EU achieved a 70% recycling rate, at least 500,000 jobs would be created • In the UK this would amount to 50,000 new jobs in recycling