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Walking in TST

Presentation to HFC
     18 July 2012




   Simon K W Ng
  Paul Zimmerman
Walkability
A key component of a city’s LIVEABILITY


Global trend • Walking is good to health and the
               environment
                  • Pedestrian-First Approach to city planning.
                  • “People will walk when they can sit…”
                  • Pedestrian network is the city’s most
                    important public space, not only for transport,
                    but also for social life
Walkability
A key component of a city’s LIVEABILITY


   Hong Kong • 80% of Hong Kong people walk everyday
                  • Hong Kong is a walkable city:
                    you don’t need a car to get around
                  • However, pedestrians face obstacles:
                    poor connectivity, level changes, over-
                    crowding, conflict with vehicles, inclement
                    weather, air and noise pollution
                  • The challenge is how to make it enjoyable for
                    people to walk longer and further
Field Study
 March - April 2012
 @ Central | Tsim Sha Tsui | Mong Kok | Ma On Shan


                                              Shortest Walk

                 Route 1                      Next Best Walk
                 Fr LKF  Tamar
Central
                                              Visitor Walk
                 Route 2
                                              Pram Walk
Tsim Sha Tsui    Fr LKF  Central Pier

                 Route 3
Mong Kok
                 Fr LKF  Shun Tak


Ma On Shan
Study Area
Tsim Sha Tsui
TST is a popular tourist destination




      Visitor Profile Report (HKTB, 2009)
Nathan Road and waterfront are popular for pictures



 Dots show the
 location of
 photos
 uploaded via
 Flickr. The
 Nathan Road
 and Salisbury
 Road crossing is
 critical.

 BLUE – Locals
 RED – Tourists




                    Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/walkingsf/4671557223/in/set-72157624209158632/
Tourists tracked with GPS confirm importance of
  junction of Nathan Road and Salisbury Road




        (McKercher et al., 2011) McKercher, B., Shoval, N., Ng, E. and Birenboim, A., 2011. First and repeat visitor behaviour:
        GPS Tracking and GIS analysis in Hong Kong, Tourism Geographies, iFirst 2011, 1-15
Study Area Walking Research
Tsim Sha Tsui
OD1        K11(Awfully Chocolate)    Avenue of Star (Bruce Lee Statues)
OD1                Direct Distance   Walking Distance      Energy Distance      Time (min:sec)
                                                           (level changes)
Shortest walk      472.64m           720.74m               767.07m              15m50s
Visitor walk                         1120 m                1131.24m             19m20s
Next best walk                       894.43 m              1126.45m             16m21s
OD2       K11(Awfully Chocolate)     Museum of Art (Escalator)
OD2               Direct Distance    Walking Distance      Energy Distance      Time (min:sec)

Shortest walk     455.43m            705.38m               733.67m              9m56s
Visitor walk                         787.27 m              821.65m              12m23s
Next best walk                       660.01 m              974.75m              10m45s
OD3       K11(Awfully Chocolate)     Marco Polo Hong Kong Hotel (Entrance at Canton Road)
OD3                Direct Distance   Walking Distance      Energy Distance      Time (min:sec)
Shortest walk      468.97m           692.93m               760.14m              12m14s
Visitor walk                         947.72 m              1085m                14m10s
Next best walk                       674.31 m              878.82m              12m56s
Pram walk                            947.82m               --                   18m15s
OD4       K11(Awfully Chocolate)     West Kowloon Culture District (Fire Station at Canton Road)

OD4               Direct Distance    Walking Distance      Energy Distance      Time (min:sec)
Shortest walk     690.93 m           901.72 m *            912.47m              15m54s*
Visitor walk                         1110 m                1114.79m             18m22s
Next best walk                       961.87 m              2103.27m             18m12s
Common Issues in Hong Kong

•   Long detours and level changes
•   Street obstacles
•   Universal access
•   Lack of seating
•   Street aesthetics
•   Way-finding obstacles
Crossroads for Cars
   At-grade crossing

   Subway
   Footbridge


Missing street level crossings

UNIQUE ISSUES - TSIM SHA TSUI
Tsimshatsui
street map
Black is where
you can walk at
ground level, red
shows roads you
can’t cross
Ground level
pedestrian
network in
Tsimshatsui.
Red is roads
you can’t
cross
Alternative is
walking
underground
through an
incomplete
network of
tunnels and
basements
(black)
People depend on the underground network of stations, retail basements
and tunnels to cross Kowloon Park Drive and Salisbury Road
Unlike central Hong
Kong, the elevated
pedestrian network in
Tsimshatsui (black) is
limited.
Unlike central Hong Kong, the elevated pedestrian network in Tsimshatsui (purple)
is limited, and an inconvenient alternative for crossing Salisbury Road
3 overlapping
pedestrian
networks in
Tsimshatsui
are
incomplete
3 overlapping
pedestrian
networks in
Tsimshatsui
are
incomplete
Crossroads for Cars
   At-grade crossing

   Subway
   Footbridge


Missing street level crossings

UNIQUE ISSUES - TSIM SHA TSUI
Difficult to find your way: Maps of subway network are incomplete
Cut and paste to create a complete map of the subway network
After removal of the pedestrian crossing at Nathan Road and
Salisbury Road in 2004, you need to make long detours and
level changes to get from the station to the waterfront.
Nathan Road MTR platform to Art Museum


      • Stairs
  • Shopping mall                                                      Escalator•
    • Steps                           • Signaled crossing
        • Escalator


        • Cautionary crossing         • Cautionary crossing
       • Stairs                       • Stairs

       • Escalator                    • Escalator                 • Escalator


Today, direct route with lots   Previous street crossing      Today, long route with
of level changes                                               minimum level change
Add a street crossing to the waterfront?
Add subways straight across Salisbury Road?
Create connections through parks and open spaces?
Remove obstacles from the street?
Make sure all the maps are pointing north?
Rethink the signage in Tsimshatsui?




Way finding   for pedestrians in TST

UNIQUE ISSUES - TSIM SHA TSUI
Standard and complete maps in Tsimshatsui?




Way finding   for pedestrians in TST

UNIQUE ISSUES - TSIM SHA TSUI
Recommendations to improve walking in TST
 •   Plan for district networks, not just station networks

 •   Prioritize pedestrian connectivity at street level

     •   Crossing of Salisbury Road in front of the Peninsula
     •   Crossing of Kowloon Park Drive at Peking Road
     •   Widen effective footway (remove obstacles, widen pavement)
     •   Integrate parks and properties into pedestrian network planning
Recommendations to improve walking in TST
 •   Provide comprehensive climate controlled grade separated network

     •   Consolidate all below ground links as one network
     •   Expand the underground network
     •   Direct link from the MTR station to the waterfront

 •   Branding of the grade separated network

     •   Naming and icon
     •   Name each tunnel (same name as road above)
     •   Extent visual identity of properties underground (land marks)
     •   Standardize direction signage to entrances
     •   Standardize maps and direction signage inside
     •   Replicate a busy street: shops, seating, busking, …
Recommendations to improve walking in TST
 •   Enhance way finding

     •   Develop a mapping system for a layered city
     •   Create navigation applications for handheld and other devices
     •   North is north
     •   Create one consolidate pedestrian information system
         irrespective of ownership
     •   Single naming system for entrances & exits

 •   Enhance finding of barrier free access

     •   Identify barrier free routes
     •   Directional signage to barrier free access facilities
     •   Notices (such as lift repair) should be bilingual
Develop new mapping system for navigation in
              a layered city
• Hong Kong as a layered city
• The loss of intuitive way-finding
• Not helped by design inconsistency, incomplete
  maps, inconsistent signage because of different
  ownerships
• New mapping systems and navigational tools
  required
“Pedestrian-oriented” Map - TSIM SHA   TSUI




                                                     Elevated Level
                                                     Elevated Level (Interior)
                                                     Basement Level
                                                     Building
0   100m                                             Area of Study
Area of Study
TSIM SHA TSUI EAST




0   100m
Area of Study
TSIM SHA TSUI        Ground Floor Plan




                                                        +1

                                                        GF

                                                        -1



     Oren Tatcher, OTC Limited, http://www.otcpd.com/

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Walking in Tsim Sha Tsui

  • 1. Walking in TST Presentation to HFC 18 July 2012 Simon K W Ng Paul Zimmerman
  • 2. Walkability A key component of a city’s LIVEABILITY Global trend • Walking is good to health and the environment • Pedestrian-First Approach to city planning. • “People will walk when they can sit…” • Pedestrian network is the city’s most important public space, not only for transport, but also for social life
  • 3. Walkability A key component of a city’s LIVEABILITY Hong Kong • 80% of Hong Kong people walk everyday • Hong Kong is a walkable city: you don’t need a car to get around • However, pedestrians face obstacles: poor connectivity, level changes, over- crowding, conflict with vehicles, inclement weather, air and noise pollution • The challenge is how to make it enjoyable for people to walk longer and further
  • 4. Field Study March - April 2012 @ Central | Tsim Sha Tsui | Mong Kok | Ma On Shan Shortest Walk Route 1 Next Best Walk Fr LKF  Tamar Central Visitor Walk Route 2 Pram Walk Tsim Sha Tsui Fr LKF  Central Pier Route 3 Mong Kok Fr LKF  Shun Tak Ma On Shan
  • 6. TST is a popular tourist destination Visitor Profile Report (HKTB, 2009)
  • 7. Nathan Road and waterfront are popular for pictures Dots show the location of photos uploaded via Flickr. The Nathan Road and Salisbury Road crossing is critical. BLUE – Locals RED – Tourists Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/walkingsf/4671557223/in/set-72157624209158632/
  • 8. Tourists tracked with GPS confirm importance of junction of Nathan Road and Salisbury Road (McKercher et al., 2011) McKercher, B., Shoval, N., Ng, E. and Birenboim, A., 2011. First and repeat visitor behaviour: GPS Tracking and GIS analysis in Hong Kong, Tourism Geographies, iFirst 2011, 1-15
  • 9. Study Area Walking Research Tsim Sha Tsui
  • 10. OD1 K11(Awfully Chocolate) Avenue of Star (Bruce Lee Statues) OD1 Direct Distance Walking Distance Energy Distance Time (min:sec) (level changes) Shortest walk 472.64m 720.74m 767.07m 15m50s Visitor walk 1120 m 1131.24m 19m20s Next best walk 894.43 m 1126.45m 16m21s OD2 K11(Awfully Chocolate) Museum of Art (Escalator) OD2 Direct Distance Walking Distance Energy Distance Time (min:sec) Shortest walk 455.43m 705.38m 733.67m 9m56s Visitor walk 787.27 m 821.65m 12m23s Next best walk 660.01 m 974.75m 10m45s OD3 K11(Awfully Chocolate) Marco Polo Hong Kong Hotel (Entrance at Canton Road) OD3 Direct Distance Walking Distance Energy Distance Time (min:sec) Shortest walk 468.97m 692.93m 760.14m 12m14s Visitor walk 947.72 m 1085m 14m10s Next best walk 674.31 m 878.82m 12m56s Pram walk 947.82m -- 18m15s OD4 K11(Awfully Chocolate) West Kowloon Culture District (Fire Station at Canton Road) OD4 Direct Distance Walking Distance Energy Distance Time (min:sec) Shortest walk 690.93 m 901.72 m * 912.47m 15m54s* Visitor walk 1110 m 1114.79m 18m22s Next best walk 961.87 m 2103.27m 18m12s
  • 11. Common Issues in Hong Kong • Long detours and level changes • Street obstacles • Universal access • Lack of seating • Street aesthetics • Way-finding obstacles
  • 12. Crossroads for Cars At-grade crossing Subway Footbridge Missing street level crossings UNIQUE ISSUES - TSIM SHA TSUI
  • 14. Black is where you can walk at ground level, red shows roads you can’t cross
  • 17. People depend on the underground network of stations, retail basements and tunnels to cross Kowloon Park Drive and Salisbury Road
  • 18. Unlike central Hong Kong, the elevated pedestrian network in Tsimshatsui (black) is limited.
  • 19. Unlike central Hong Kong, the elevated pedestrian network in Tsimshatsui (purple) is limited, and an inconvenient alternative for crossing Salisbury Road
  • 22. Crossroads for Cars At-grade crossing Subway Footbridge Missing street level crossings UNIQUE ISSUES - TSIM SHA TSUI
  • 23. Difficult to find your way: Maps of subway network are incomplete
  • 24. Cut and paste to create a complete map of the subway network
  • 25. After removal of the pedestrian crossing at Nathan Road and Salisbury Road in 2004, you need to make long detours and level changes to get from the station to the waterfront.
  • 26. Nathan Road MTR platform to Art Museum • Stairs • Shopping mall Escalator• • Steps • Signaled crossing • Escalator • Cautionary crossing • Cautionary crossing • Stairs • Stairs • Escalator • Escalator • Escalator Today, direct route with lots Previous street crossing Today, long route with of level changes minimum level change
  • 27. Add a street crossing to the waterfront?
  • 28. Add subways straight across Salisbury Road?
  • 29. Create connections through parks and open spaces?
  • 30. Remove obstacles from the street?
  • 31. Make sure all the maps are pointing north?
  • 32. Rethink the signage in Tsimshatsui? Way finding for pedestrians in TST UNIQUE ISSUES - TSIM SHA TSUI
  • 33. Standard and complete maps in Tsimshatsui? Way finding for pedestrians in TST UNIQUE ISSUES - TSIM SHA TSUI
  • 34. Recommendations to improve walking in TST • Plan for district networks, not just station networks • Prioritize pedestrian connectivity at street level • Crossing of Salisbury Road in front of the Peninsula • Crossing of Kowloon Park Drive at Peking Road • Widen effective footway (remove obstacles, widen pavement) • Integrate parks and properties into pedestrian network planning
  • 35. Recommendations to improve walking in TST • Provide comprehensive climate controlled grade separated network • Consolidate all below ground links as one network • Expand the underground network • Direct link from the MTR station to the waterfront • Branding of the grade separated network • Naming and icon • Name each tunnel (same name as road above) • Extent visual identity of properties underground (land marks) • Standardize direction signage to entrances • Standardize maps and direction signage inside • Replicate a busy street: shops, seating, busking, …
  • 36. Recommendations to improve walking in TST • Enhance way finding • Develop a mapping system for a layered city • Create navigation applications for handheld and other devices • North is north • Create one consolidate pedestrian information system irrespective of ownership • Single naming system for entrances & exits • Enhance finding of barrier free access • Identify barrier free routes • Directional signage to barrier free access facilities • Notices (such as lift repair) should be bilingual
  • 37. Develop new mapping system for navigation in a layered city • Hong Kong as a layered city • The loss of intuitive way-finding • Not helped by design inconsistency, incomplete maps, inconsistent signage because of different ownerships • New mapping systems and navigational tools required
  • 38. “Pedestrian-oriented” Map - TSIM SHA TSUI Elevated Level Elevated Level (Interior) Basement Level Building 0 100m Area of Study
  • 39. Area of Study TSIM SHA TSUI EAST 0 100m
  • 40. Area of Study TSIM SHA TSUI Ground Floor Plan +1 GF -1 Oren Tatcher, OTC Limited, http://www.otcpd.com/