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6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Vulnerability assessment in case of chemical
accident using Constructed Spatial Information
JAEJOON LEE, Interdisciplinary program in Crisis, Disaster and Risk Management,
Sungkyunkwan University, South Korea
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Contents
• Background of research
• Methods
• Result
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Background of Research
3
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Background of Research
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Background of Research
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Background of Research
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Background of Research
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Research Method
making chemical release scenario and ALOHA modeling
Setting Vulnerability indicator and value
Verification of constructed Spatial Information
Collecting Statistics dataSTEP 1
STEP 2
STEP 3
STEP 4
Vulnerability assessmentSTEP 5
Research procedure
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Research Method
<polygon information>
<age dependent code>
<age/population>
<working poeple>
<ratio working people in census polygon
<Building layer> <landusemap>
<geocoding>
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Research Method
Input variable Input data
Building Atmosphere change rate 0.32
Site Suwon
Chemicals Cl (chroline)
Wind speed 1.7 m/s
Wind direction E
Land Roughness City, forest
Atmosphere Stability B
Huminity 50%
Leakcage rate 0.29 kg/s
Leakcage time 10min
methodology DEGADIs
result
AEGL-3 439m
AEGL-2 1500m
AEGL-1 2900m
Scenario and simulation
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Research Method
Chemical accident
vulnerability classify data
Social
(Vs)
Age, health, gender,
race, education….
Age
infrastructure
Dynamic
(Vd)
Time dependency
( day time, night time)
economically active population
Not economically active
population
phisical
(Vp)
Sensitivity according
to
aloha simulation
consequence
AEGL 1
AEGL 2
AEGL 3
Site-
dependent
(Ve)
Accessbility from
the industrial facilities
spatial proximity
<Vulnerability Classification>
Class 1 indicator Assinged
value
Social Age 9 class 0-1
Accessbility
To hospital
8 class 0-1
Accessbility
To firestation
4class 0-1
Dynamic - - -
Physical Impact 3class 0-1
Site-
dependent
proximity 13class 0-1
<Vulnerability indicator and Assinged Value>
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Research Method
Verification of constructed spatial information
■ Verification the constructed spatial information
Building Layer
(SGIS-statistical
Geographic
Information Service of Korea)
Land-use map
(ministry of environment of Korea)
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Research MethodMulti ctiteria assessment
Lv .3
Vs
Vd
Vp
Ve
Lv. 1.2
Cannot fix
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Result
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Result
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Differentiation Factor of Research
1. Classify Vulnerability in case of chemical accident
2. Small(50mΧ50m in urban area) unit used for Human data
3. Suggesting the Dynamic Vulnerability assessment (daytime)
4. Study Can give information on mitigation and respond stage

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Vulnerability Assessment Using Spatial Information in terms of Chemical Release Disaster, Jae Joon LEE

  • 1. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Vulnerability assessment in case of chemical accident using Constructed Spatial Information JAEJOON LEE, Interdisciplinary program in Crisis, Disaster and Risk Management, Sungkyunkwan University, South Korea
  • 2. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Contents • Background of research • Methods • Result
  • 3. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Background of Research 3
  • 4. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Background of Research
  • 5. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Background of Research
  • 6. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Background of Research
  • 7. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Background of Research
  • 8. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Research Method making chemical release scenario and ALOHA modeling Setting Vulnerability indicator and value Verification of constructed Spatial Information Collecting Statistics dataSTEP 1 STEP 2 STEP 3 STEP 4 Vulnerability assessmentSTEP 5 Research procedure
  • 9. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Research Method <polygon information> <age dependent code> <age/population> <working poeple> <ratio working people in census polygon <Building layer> <landusemap> <geocoding>
  • 10. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Research Method Input variable Input data Building Atmosphere change rate 0.32 Site Suwon Chemicals Cl (chroline) Wind speed 1.7 m/s Wind direction E Land Roughness City, forest Atmosphere Stability B Huminity 50% Leakcage rate 0.29 kg/s Leakcage time 10min methodology DEGADIs result AEGL-3 439m AEGL-2 1500m AEGL-1 2900m Scenario and simulation
  • 11. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Research Method Chemical accident vulnerability classify data Social (Vs) Age, health, gender, race, education…. Age infrastructure Dynamic (Vd) Time dependency ( day time, night time) economically active population Not economically active population phisical (Vp) Sensitivity according to aloha simulation consequence AEGL 1 AEGL 2 AEGL 3 Site- dependent (Ve) Accessbility from the industrial facilities spatial proximity <Vulnerability Classification> Class 1 indicator Assinged value Social Age 9 class 0-1 Accessbility To hospital 8 class 0-1 Accessbility To firestation 4class 0-1 Dynamic - - - Physical Impact 3class 0-1 Site- dependent proximity 13class 0-1 <Vulnerability indicator and Assinged Value>
  • 12. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Research Method Verification of constructed spatial information ■ Verification the constructed spatial information Building Layer (SGIS-statistical Geographic Information Service of Korea) Land-use map (ministry of environment of Korea)
  • 13. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Research MethodMulti ctiteria assessment Lv .3 Vs Vd Vp Ve Lv. 1.2 Cannot fix
  • 14. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Result
  • 15. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Result
  • 16. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Differentiation Factor of Research 1. Classify Vulnerability in case of chemical accident 2. Small(50mΧ50m in urban area) unit used for Human data 3. Suggesting the Dynamic Vulnerability assessment (daytime) 4. Study Can give information on mitigation and respond stage

Editor's Notes

  1. 1 . Good efternoon everyone I am from sungkyunkwan university in southkorea. So. From now I will present my research about vulnerability assessment in case of chemical accident. Recently there are huge chemical accident in japan and china. also in korea chemical accident occurs every years and someone is dying The trait of chemical accident we cannot calculate exact time and range of damge these matter cause huge damage without preparedness. / So…. Let’s go on next page
  2. 2. my presentation is organized background of research and method and result using GIS
  3.  3. korea has been experience chemical accident. Streadly people have been dyng a lot 20 12 hydrogen floride release accident in gumi city in korea lead people’s attention. All nations care about the safety of chemical factory near their living area. Also they start to recognize the danger of the chemicals. Also People want to know the information about the hazard. So Korea made rules. .one is open hazardous material platform and one is OCA regulation
  4. 4. the main reason of the chemical accident in south korea are deteriorated industrial complex. And also the chemicals volume have been increasing since 19 98. These chemicals have not managed systemically until 20 13
  5. 5, the research of chemical disaster has been doing. The CCPS in America working on risk assessment of chemical accident in case of scenario and calculate the possibility using hazop method. It could calculate likeyhood about mechanical fault. EPA also is doing Offsite consequence analysis for outside of factory that save the life for an emergency and predict the consequence of disaster And fenying studies on human vulnerability as you can see. Using the GIS the right side In korea also do the OCA. from 20 11 The methodology based on DEGADIS and Gaussian theory We call Caris Program. We sumit the report to ministry of environment of korea And experts give alternatives to increase resilience
  6. 6. my research are based on this theory. To risk assess . there are Three component hazard and vulnerability risk element. As you can see. We know the hazard. hazard could be rainfall, rockfall, chemical releasing, flood. In this study focused on constructing vulnerability and risk element. and risk element could be people , building, sometimes train, forest. It is the Target could get damaged from the hazard./ The vulnerability Is the characteristic of risk element in this work Risk element is people..human . so the vulnerability is concerned with people’s characreristic It could be age. Site, education, awareness of escape route, shelter position . So vulnerability can be anything to effect the people trait. So In this study construct the spatial information combining risk element and Vulnerabbility to make map
  7. 7. So there are 4 process to get result. Calssifing the vulnerability can be used And building, constructing the spatial information. Simulating impact area using Aloha program from EPA and Multicriteria method
  8. 8. as you can see the research methology follow these steps first collecting the statistics data ….second making chemical release scenario and aloha simulating and then settting the indicator and value and then verification of constructed spatial information and last… seesment the vulnerability
  9. 9. to construct spatial information. collecting the data data are age. And numer of workers/ rate of working people in census track. and respond facility site and building layer and landuse map to verify the spatial information
  10. 10. to simulate the chemical release I use the aloha program from EPA. You can see the Input data on the table. The input variable. choose the chemicals wind speed humidity..and so on. On the Right side /the result aloha program shows like this / we can know the range of damage
  11. 11 so I classify 4 vulnerability when the chemical release accident happen. Social dynamic physical site-dependent are used for vulnerability mapping. the indicator I use are age. Hospital, firestation , impact of aloha result and proximity of distance from factory …. The assigned value are normalized
  12. 12 these three spatial information are used to verify the constructed spatial information SO I confirm the data well made
  13. 13. this picture show the whole process. Overlay each vulnerability. I apply the constructed data on level 3. I could apply the value for assessment but With no clue I Couldn’t give the value so I gave same value of each vulnerability on lecel 1 and 2
  14. 14 so this is the result of my study this one for the nighttime vulnerability when the chlorine release accident happen as you can see the high vulnerability on residential site
  15. 15 but daytime vulnerability is high on the industrial complex because lot of worker is in working place. So WE can see the when and where .we focus on responding emergency
  16.   16 at last the research classify the vulnerability and use small unit and suggest the daytime vulnerability….I look forward to this study can give the information for responding to save the people’s life / thank you very much