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By Mr.V.S.EKBOTE 
er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com. 
Challenges to Power Generation 
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 1
History of Indian Power generation 
First hydro power plant in India: 
130 KW -1898-Darjeeling. 
First Thermal PP in India: 
1000KW–1899- Calcutta (Kolkata). 
First Hydro plant in Karnataka: 
17200 KW -1902- Shimsha Hydro 
Electric Project 
(Kunigal Taluk of Tumkur district). 
Three years later Bangalore city got 
electrified. 
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 2
3 
a) First 200 MW TPS was Obra TPS of Russian 
(LMZ) design commissioned on 1977. 
b) First 500 MW TPS was Trombay TPS 
commissioned on 1984. 
c) KWU units started in India from 1983 
onwards with higher steam parameters and 
improved heat rate. 
d) First super thermal power station: 2000MW 
capacity is -Singrauli Super Thermal Power 
Plant (UP) – 1987. 
e) First UMPP project - 4000 MW (UMPP)- 
Coastal Gujarat Power Limited (CGPL), 
Mundra Port, GEumjaail:rera.vst. ek-b2ot0e@1g2mail.com
History of Power scenario 
Power plant Installed capacity in India until 1900 was less 
than 2000 KW ( 2 MW) 
Installed capacity in the year 1947: 1362 MW 
Installed capacity in the year 1950: less than 2000MW 
Installed capacity in the year 2000: reached One Lakh MW 
Installed capacity in the year 2012: reached Two Lakh MW 
Energy projection in the year 2020-21 is 3, 50,000 MW 
Energy projection in the year 2031-32 is 7, 80,000 MW 
1947 
1362 MW 
Jan 2014 
2,28,000 MW 
India 
generated 
855 BU 
electricity 
during 
2011-12 
fiscal. 
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 4
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 5
Global Energy scenario 
 Global Average energy 
consumption is 1.68TOE 
USA Average energy 
consumption is 8.55TOE 
 Indian Average energy 
consumption is 0.32 TOE 
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 6
 India’s Fuel reserve against world 
 Oil -----20 / 42 Years 
 Gas ---36 / 60 Years 
 Coal ---114 / 122 Years 
5 
4 
3 
2 
1 
0 
Indian dependency on oil 
1997 2010 2020 
M 
bd 
Net impor t s Domest ic 
product ion 
57% Oil 
Impor t 
85% 
92% 
Impor t Of Crude Oi l 
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 7
Sl.N 
o 
Unit Capacity Nos. in % % of 
power 
Generatio 
n 
1 110 MW and 
smaller Units 
33.4 % 21 % 
2 210 MW 48.5 % 54 % 
3 500 MW units 8.5 % 25 % 
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 8
Global challenge to TPP 
3E-Concept 
(Sustainable Development ) 
Ecological 
Balance 
Employment (Social Progress ) 
Economic Growth 
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 9
Improvement of Thermal plant efficiency 
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 10
Efficiency of different power plants 
Power plant 
Eff. 
Sub Critical plant (500 MWe) 35-38 % 
Super critical (660MWe) 40-42 % 
Ultra super critical (800MWe) 45-47 % 
Gas Turbine PP 32-38 % 
Diesel engine PP 35-42 % 
11 
Hydro PP 85-90 % 
Wind PP 30-45 % 
Solar PP 20 % 
Combined Heat & Power plant 
80-85 % Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 
(co generation)
There are two forms of Energy 
Non-Renewable Primary Energy 
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 12
Affordability & Availability 
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 13
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 14
Name the 
Title to this 
picture 
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 15
16 
What a 
loss ! 
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com
What a 
loss ! 
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 17
18 
Sustainable Balance 
Environment Development 
Sustainable development means living 
on Earth’s income rather than eroding its capital’ 
& keeping the consumption of renewable natural 
Resources within the limits Email:er.vs.ekbo otef@ tghmeaiil.rc ormeplenishment’
1) Engineer the “Energy for future” (Green Energy) 
2) Engineer to Reduce , Reuse, Rejuvenate And 
Recycle in all directions. 
3) Engineer to Start waste to wealth 
4) Green revolution is the Best engineering Industry on 
earth 
5) The problem is window of engineering - opportunity 
6) Simplicity is the best engineering design. 
7) Establish right “Engineering Practice “ 
8) Engineer the “Sustainable living” 
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 19
20 
? 
pls. SMS or Mail your valuable opinion to this, 
Er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 
Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com

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Energy scenario -past -present & Future

  • 1. By Mr.V.S.EKBOTE er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com. Challenges to Power Generation Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 1
  • 2. History of Indian Power generation First hydro power plant in India: 130 KW -1898-Darjeeling. First Thermal PP in India: 1000KW–1899- Calcutta (Kolkata). First Hydro plant in Karnataka: 17200 KW -1902- Shimsha Hydro Electric Project (Kunigal Taluk of Tumkur district). Three years later Bangalore city got electrified. Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 2
  • 3. 3 a) First 200 MW TPS was Obra TPS of Russian (LMZ) design commissioned on 1977. b) First 500 MW TPS was Trombay TPS commissioned on 1984. c) KWU units started in India from 1983 onwards with higher steam parameters and improved heat rate. d) First super thermal power station: 2000MW capacity is -Singrauli Super Thermal Power Plant (UP) – 1987. e) First UMPP project - 4000 MW (UMPP)- Coastal Gujarat Power Limited (CGPL), Mundra Port, GEumjaail:rera.vst. ek-b2ot0e@1g2mail.com
  • 4. History of Power scenario Power plant Installed capacity in India until 1900 was less than 2000 KW ( 2 MW) Installed capacity in the year 1947: 1362 MW Installed capacity in the year 1950: less than 2000MW Installed capacity in the year 2000: reached One Lakh MW Installed capacity in the year 2012: reached Two Lakh MW Energy projection in the year 2020-21 is 3, 50,000 MW Energy projection in the year 2031-32 is 7, 80,000 MW 1947 1362 MW Jan 2014 2,28,000 MW India generated 855 BU electricity during 2011-12 fiscal. Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 4
  • 6. Global Energy scenario  Global Average energy consumption is 1.68TOE USA Average energy consumption is 8.55TOE  Indian Average energy consumption is 0.32 TOE Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 6
  • 7.  India’s Fuel reserve against world  Oil -----20 / 42 Years  Gas ---36 / 60 Years  Coal ---114 / 122 Years 5 4 3 2 1 0 Indian dependency on oil 1997 2010 2020 M bd Net impor t s Domest ic product ion 57% Oil Impor t 85% 92% Impor t Of Crude Oi l Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 7
  • 8. Sl.N o Unit Capacity Nos. in % % of power Generatio n 1 110 MW and smaller Units 33.4 % 21 % 2 210 MW 48.5 % 54 % 3 500 MW units 8.5 % 25 % Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 8
  • 9. Global challenge to TPP 3E-Concept (Sustainable Development ) Ecological Balance Employment (Social Progress ) Economic Growth Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 9
  • 10. Improvement of Thermal plant efficiency Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 10
  • 11. Efficiency of different power plants Power plant Eff. Sub Critical plant (500 MWe) 35-38 % Super critical (660MWe) 40-42 % Ultra super critical (800MWe) 45-47 % Gas Turbine PP 32-38 % Diesel engine PP 35-42 % 11 Hydro PP 85-90 % Wind PP 30-45 % Solar PP 20 % Combined Heat & Power plant 80-85 % Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com (co generation)
  • 12. There are two forms of Energy Non-Renewable Primary Energy Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 12
  • 13. Affordability & Availability Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 13
  • 15. Name the Title to this picture Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 15
  • 16. 16 What a loss ! Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com
  • 17. What a loss ! Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 17
  • 18. 18 Sustainable Balance Environment Development Sustainable development means living on Earth’s income rather than eroding its capital’ & keeping the consumption of renewable natural Resources within the limits Email:er.vs.ekbo otef@ tghmeaiil.rc ormeplenishment’
  • 19. 1) Engineer the “Energy for future” (Green Energy) 2) Engineer to Reduce , Reuse, Rejuvenate And Recycle in all directions. 3) Engineer to Start waste to wealth 4) Green revolution is the Best engineering Industry on earth 5) The problem is window of engineering - opportunity 6) Simplicity is the best engineering design. 7) Establish right “Engineering Practice “ 8) Engineer the “Sustainable living” Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com 19
  • 20. 20 ? pls. SMS or Mail your valuable opinion to this, Er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com Email:er.vs.ekbote@gmail.com