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Vocal Guidance
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1.Definations ………………………………………………………………………………. 1
2. The Following Steps are involved in Vocational Guidance Process……………………. 2
3. Principles of Vocational Guidance……………………………………………………… 2
4. Advantages of Vocational Guidance……………………………………………………. 3
5. Vocational Guidance in Developed Countries…………………………………………. 3
6.0 Importance, Significance and Scope of Vocational Guidance………….……………. 4
6. 1 Looking forward to a better future………… ……………………….……………… 4
6. 2 Beginning at Home…………………………………………… …….…………………4
6.3 Continuation of Schools………………………………………………………………. 4
6.4 Vocational Success.
6.5 Choice of Subjects.
6.6 Information for Choice.
6.7 Choice among Options.
6.8 Adverse effect on Health.
6.9 Utilization of Human Potentialities.
6.10 Individual Differences.
7.0 How to Impart Vocational Guidance to the Pupils……………………………………... 5
7.1 Collecting of information or data
7.2 Rendering guidance on the bases of this information
7.3 Follow-up programs
8.0 Correlation of Personal Guidance and Educational and Vocational Guidance
Definations
1. “Vocational guidance is a facilitative process, a service rendered to the individual to aid him in
choosing and adjusting to an occupation.”
John D. Crites
2. “Vocational guidance is a process of assisting the individual to choose an occupation, prepare
for it, enter up on and progress on it”.
National Vocational Guidance Association
3. “Vocational guidance refers to the inevitable direction given to the care of new employees in
the selection process and in their assignment to particular types of work.”
Dale Yoder
4. “Vocational guidance is an assistance given to an individual in solving of problems related to
occupational choice and progress with due regard for the individual’s characteristics and their
relation to occupational opportunity.”
Conference of International Labour Organization
5. “Vocational Guidance is fundamentally an effort to conserve the priceless native capacities of
youth and the costly training provided for youth in the schools. It seeks to conserve these richest
of all human resources by aiding the individual to invest and use them where they will bring
greatest satisfaction and success to himself and greatest benefit to society.”
G.E. Myers
In this way the vocational guidance is a kind of guidance that is concerned with the vocational
needs and problems of the individuals. In strict psychological and educational sense, we can define
it as a process of helping a pupil to get adequate information regarding the world of work around
him, make a proper choice for his future vocation and achieve maximum success and satisfaction
in it.
The Following Steps are involved in Vocational Guidance Process:
 Information is collected from the candidate and his parents regarding his achievements.
 More information about the candidate can be known by giving him certain tests such as
interest test, aptitude test, personality tests etc.
 His health, height, weight etc., should also be given due weightage.
 On the basis of the information collected, the candidate will be guided as to which job is
best suited to him. In fact, vocational guidance is needed at the school and college level.
On the basis of this guidance, the students may choose science, commerce or arts faculties.
 At present this guidance is given by parents and teachers but it is always better if it is given
by some expert who is normally a psychologist. In advanced countries, psychologists are
appointed in educational institutions for providing vocational guidance.
Principles of Vocational Guidance:
 It should be objective and must be based on facts.
 The approach should be persuasive and at no point force or coercion should be used.
 The candidate should be informed about the alternative jobs and the final selection of the
job should be left to him.
Advantages of Vocational Guidance:
The following advantages will accrue from scientific vocational selection:
 The candidate will have job satisfaction after being selected.
 It should create better industrial relations.
 The Labour turnover would be reduced to minimum.
 It leads to overall efficiency and increased productivity.
Vocational Guidance in Developed Countries:
Employment exchanges provide vocational guidance to youth (applicants without any work
experience) and adults (with specific work experience).
In order to divert educated youth to channels of gainful employment, vocational guidance and
career advising programs of the Directorate General of Employment and Training have been
expanded and streamlined. A career study Centre and the Central Institute for Research and
Training provide career literature for the occupational orientation of the youth and other guidance
seekers.
The Central Institute for Research and Training in Employment Services (CIRTES) is functioning
under the Director General of employment and training. CIRTES also imparts training in
employment service. It is also engaged in conducting research studies in several areas and fields
of employment service.
Importance, Significance and Scope of Vocational Guidance:
1. Looking forward to a better future.
Young people need to be better educated and trained for adult life. They must have a wide range
of opportunities in education and training. And they must have information and guidance to allow
them to make sound choices as they go through school and beyond.
2. Beginning at Home.
The process starts in the home. Families and friends have a crucial role to play in shaping people’s
expectations and aspirations. This should be properly recognized in school. Parents should be
involved to the fullest extent in what their children are doing and the choices they are making.
3. Continuation of Schools.
Schools play a vital part in developing expectations and capabilities from the earliest age. Good
school encourage self-awareness, the ability to work with others, and a sense of initiative and
enterprise qualities which are every bit as valuable in adult life as examination certificates. A broad
and balanced curriculum makes the most of each pupil’s potential in every area- regardless of sex,
ethnic origin or disability.
4. Vocational Success.
From the primary years onwards much can be done to give children insights into the world of
work and a preparation for the decisions ahead which will affect the future directions of their lives.
Full and reliable information and sensitive guidance must be available at the right time for all if
these decisions are to be properly informed.
5. Choice of Subjects.
When choice of options for further study first have to made – around 13+ it is essential that the
right decisions are taken in each case – the crucial stage for which pupils must be fully prepared.
6. Information for Choice.
At 16+ and 17+, important choices have to be made between staying on at school or going on to
college, vocational training or employment. These choices must be properly informed.
7. Choice among Options.
Those children on the point of leaving school or college need a realistic appreciation of all the
choices open to them. At subsequent stages too, students must have access to relevant, reliable and
complete information and skilled guidance about options.
8. Adverse effect on Health.
Wrong choice of occupations adversely affects the health of workers. A delicate eye-sight in
injured by work which greatly affects the eye-sight. Nervous system is shattered by making efforts
to maintain a speed of production beyond one’s capacity and so on. Therefore, vocational guidance
is very much needed.
9. Utilization of Human Potentialities.
The society loses much through its failure to discover potential genius. A great deal of genius
remains undiscovered in every generation in absence of vocational guidance.
10. Individual Differences.
The fundamental reason why guidance is needed is that there are differences among individual
and differences among courses of action open to them.
How to Impart Vocational Guidance to the Pupils
Vocational guidance work, like Educational guidance can be accomplished in three phases;
namely, (i) Collecting of information or data (ii) Rendering guidance on the bases of this
information and (iii) Follow-up programmer.
Collecting of information or data
regarding the nature of the child like his abilities, interests, aptitudes, personality characteristics
and circumstances of life has to be obtained carefully. On the other side, the guidance worker also
tries to get all the adequate and relevant information regarding the world of work and job
opportunities. He makes himself well informed by having living contacts with all the current
literature and publications. He has contacts with the employment bureau, state and central Bureaus
of Guidance and counselling and is well acquainted with the current trends of employment market
and the demand and supply position.
Rendering guidance on the bases of this information
Here the pupils are informed about the world of work and Job opportunities through lecture,
display of literature and pamphlet or library readings. They are now helped to match their
individual characteristics with the requirement of different Jobs or occupations and thus helped to
make adequate vocational choices. Further, they are helped to select courses and activities related
to their vocational choices. Many times, they are helped to join special courses and vocational
training for the necessary pre-preparation vocational guidance worker, also shares the
responsibility of helping the pupils in entering into the vocations of their choice by rendering
adequate information about the employment opportunities and having an intimate contact with the
employment agencies. In some case vocational guidance helps in seeking self-employment. All
this sort of work comes within the area of active vocational guidance or follow-up program.
Follow-up programs
The evaluation of the process of such guidance is also essential not only for evaluating the merits
and demerits of administered guidance but also for the benefit of the individual concerned. One
may be further helped in this proper adjustment to his vocation through such follow-up programs.
In this way we see that the task of rendering vocational guidance to the pupils is quite extensive
and laborious. It cannot be left only in the hands of career masters or a separate guidance worker
appointed in the school. The parents, teachers and head of the institution should also play their
dues roles in rendering vocational guidance to the pupils. The guidance services in the school
should be properly established and the co-operation of all the essential forces should be secured to
draw maximum benefit from these services.
Correlation of Personal Guidance and Educational and Vocational Guidance
Personal guidance cannot be totally separated from educational guidance because personal
guidance is the basis of educational guidance. A student cannot make progress in his education is
he is a victim of personal problems. Hence the class teacher is to first solve his personal problems
before solving his educational problems. Again, an individual cannot be successful in his vocation
if he is a victim of some personal problem. His personal problems can be solved only by an expert
and skilled psychologist. Therefore, the scope of personal guidance is vast. It includes educational
as well as vocational guidance.
Conclusion
This report shows that for schools to have high quality careers, information, advice, guidance and
education (CIAGE) there needs to be a school-wide focus that supports students to have regular,
coordinated and ongoing opportunities to develop career management competencies.
Significantly, the schools that ERO found to have the highest quality approaches to CIAGE were
focused not just on the pathways or vocations of students but on their individual futures. These
schools had well trained staff across the school – not just careers advisors but also deans and form
teachers. These staff had developed excellent relationships with students and actively supported
them to develop goals, understand themselves, investigate opportunities and make decisions.
In addition to the pastoral care relationships and systems, schools with high quality approaches
had curriculum structures or initiatives that also helped students develop career management
competencies. These included careers-based units in social studies, English or health classes, and
authentic learning opportunities that linked students with workplaces and/or the types of authentic
learning activities they might experience in ‘the real world’.
The majority of schools had active careers departments that, while not innovative, had put in place
a range of conventional CIAGE initiatives. Seventeen of these schools were judged to have a
Conventional-Established approach to CIAGE. Most of these schools had some processes for
identifying student goals, albeit that they were much more focused on developing student
pathways. While school leaders were familiar with career management competencies, students did
not have the same opportunities to regularly focus on their passions, goals and opportunities for
the future.
Another 19 schools had also taken a conventional approach to careers. Careers, information,
advice, guidance and education (CIAGE) at Conventional-Developing schools did not have the
same profile and/or level of coordination and leadership of CIAGE at schools with better quality
approaches. Many of these schools had useful support for students in pockets across the school.
However, CIAGE was fragmented at these schools but many could be expected to improve their
performance over time, especially as new careers initiatives become established and pastoral care
and curriculum areas of the school take more responsibility for the pathways of students.
References
https://johnparankimalil.wordpress.com/2015/01/27/vocational-guidance/
http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/employee-management/vocational-guidance-meaning-
definition-and-principles-of-vocational-guidance/25958/

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Vocal guidance

  • 1. Vocal Guidance Content Page 1.Definations ………………………………………………………………………………. 1 2. The Following Steps are involved in Vocational Guidance Process……………………. 2 3. Principles of Vocational Guidance……………………………………………………… 2 4. Advantages of Vocational Guidance……………………………………………………. 3 5. Vocational Guidance in Developed Countries…………………………………………. 3 6.0 Importance, Significance and Scope of Vocational Guidance………….……………. 4 6. 1 Looking forward to a better future………… ……………………….……………… 4 6. 2 Beginning at Home…………………………………………… …….…………………4 6.3 Continuation of Schools………………………………………………………………. 4 6.4 Vocational Success. 6.5 Choice of Subjects. 6.6 Information for Choice. 6.7 Choice among Options. 6.8 Adverse effect on Health.
  • 2. 6.9 Utilization of Human Potentialities. 6.10 Individual Differences. 7.0 How to Impart Vocational Guidance to the Pupils……………………………………... 5 7.1 Collecting of information or data 7.2 Rendering guidance on the bases of this information 7.3 Follow-up programs 8.0 Correlation of Personal Guidance and Educational and Vocational Guidance
  • 3. Definations 1. “Vocational guidance is a facilitative process, a service rendered to the individual to aid him in choosing and adjusting to an occupation.” John D. Crites 2. “Vocational guidance is a process of assisting the individual to choose an occupation, prepare for it, enter up on and progress on it”. National Vocational Guidance Association 3. “Vocational guidance refers to the inevitable direction given to the care of new employees in the selection process and in their assignment to particular types of work.” Dale Yoder 4. “Vocational guidance is an assistance given to an individual in solving of problems related to occupational choice and progress with due regard for the individual’s characteristics and their relation to occupational opportunity.” Conference of International Labour Organization 5. “Vocational Guidance is fundamentally an effort to conserve the priceless native capacities of youth and the costly training provided for youth in the schools. It seeks to conserve these richest of all human resources by aiding the individual to invest and use them where they will bring greatest satisfaction and success to himself and greatest benefit to society.” G.E. Myers
  • 4. In this way the vocational guidance is a kind of guidance that is concerned with the vocational needs and problems of the individuals. In strict psychological and educational sense, we can define it as a process of helping a pupil to get adequate information regarding the world of work around him, make a proper choice for his future vocation and achieve maximum success and satisfaction in it. The Following Steps are involved in Vocational Guidance Process:  Information is collected from the candidate and his parents regarding his achievements.  More information about the candidate can be known by giving him certain tests such as interest test, aptitude test, personality tests etc.  His health, height, weight etc., should also be given due weightage.  On the basis of the information collected, the candidate will be guided as to which job is best suited to him. In fact, vocational guidance is needed at the school and college level. On the basis of this guidance, the students may choose science, commerce or arts faculties.  At present this guidance is given by parents and teachers but it is always better if it is given by some expert who is normally a psychologist. In advanced countries, psychologists are appointed in educational institutions for providing vocational guidance. Principles of Vocational Guidance:  It should be objective and must be based on facts.  The approach should be persuasive and at no point force or coercion should be used.  The candidate should be informed about the alternative jobs and the final selection of the job should be left to him.
  • 5. Advantages of Vocational Guidance: The following advantages will accrue from scientific vocational selection:  The candidate will have job satisfaction after being selected.  It should create better industrial relations.  The Labour turnover would be reduced to minimum.  It leads to overall efficiency and increased productivity. Vocational Guidance in Developed Countries: Employment exchanges provide vocational guidance to youth (applicants without any work experience) and adults (with specific work experience). In order to divert educated youth to channels of gainful employment, vocational guidance and career advising programs of the Directorate General of Employment and Training have been expanded and streamlined. A career study Centre and the Central Institute for Research and Training provide career literature for the occupational orientation of the youth and other guidance seekers. The Central Institute for Research and Training in Employment Services (CIRTES) is functioning under the Director General of employment and training. CIRTES also imparts training in employment service. It is also engaged in conducting research studies in several areas and fields of employment service.
  • 6. Importance, Significance and Scope of Vocational Guidance: 1. Looking forward to a better future. Young people need to be better educated and trained for adult life. They must have a wide range of opportunities in education and training. And they must have information and guidance to allow them to make sound choices as they go through school and beyond. 2. Beginning at Home. The process starts in the home. Families and friends have a crucial role to play in shaping people’s expectations and aspirations. This should be properly recognized in school. Parents should be involved to the fullest extent in what their children are doing and the choices they are making. 3. Continuation of Schools. Schools play a vital part in developing expectations and capabilities from the earliest age. Good school encourage self-awareness, the ability to work with others, and a sense of initiative and enterprise qualities which are every bit as valuable in adult life as examination certificates. A broad and balanced curriculum makes the most of each pupil’s potential in every area- regardless of sex, ethnic origin or disability. 4. Vocational Success. From the primary years onwards much can be done to give children insights into the world of work and a preparation for the decisions ahead which will affect the future directions of their lives. Full and reliable information and sensitive guidance must be available at the right time for all if these decisions are to be properly informed. 5. Choice of Subjects. When choice of options for further study first have to made – around 13+ it is essential that the right decisions are taken in each case – the crucial stage for which pupils must be fully prepared. 6. Information for Choice. At 16+ and 17+, important choices have to be made between staying on at school or going on to college, vocational training or employment. These choices must be properly informed. 7. Choice among Options. Those children on the point of leaving school or college need a realistic appreciation of all the choices open to them. At subsequent stages too, students must have access to relevant, reliable and complete information and skilled guidance about options. 8. Adverse effect on Health. Wrong choice of occupations adversely affects the health of workers. A delicate eye-sight in injured by work which greatly affects the eye-sight. Nervous system is shattered by making efforts
  • 7. to maintain a speed of production beyond one’s capacity and so on. Therefore, vocational guidance is very much needed. 9. Utilization of Human Potentialities. The society loses much through its failure to discover potential genius. A great deal of genius remains undiscovered in every generation in absence of vocational guidance. 10. Individual Differences. The fundamental reason why guidance is needed is that there are differences among individual and differences among courses of action open to them. How to Impart Vocational Guidance to the Pupils Vocational guidance work, like Educational guidance can be accomplished in three phases; namely, (i) Collecting of information or data (ii) Rendering guidance on the bases of this information and (iii) Follow-up programmer. Collecting of information or data regarding the nature of the child like his abilities, interests, aptitudes, personality characteristics and circumstances of life has to be obtained carefully. On the other side, the guidance worker also tries to get all the adequate and relevant information regarding the world of work and job opportunities. He makes himself well informed by having living contacts with all the current literature and publications. He has contacts with the employment bureau, state and central Bureaus of Guidance and counselling and is well acquainted with the current trends of employment market and the demand and supply position. Rendering guidance on the bases of this information Here the pupils are informed about the world of work and Job opportunities through lecture, display of literature and pamphlet or library readings. They are now helped to match their individual characteristics with the requirement of different Jobs or occupations and thus helped to make adequate vocational choices. Further, they are helped to select courses and activities related to their vocational choices. Many times, they are helped to join special courses and vocational training for the necessary pre-preparation vocational guidance worker, also shares the responsibility of helping the pupils in entering into the vocations of their choice by rendering adequate information about the employment opportunities and having an intimate contact with the employment agencies. In some case vocational guidance helps in seeking self-employment. All this sort of work comes within the area of active vocational guidance or follow-up program. Follow-up programs The evaluation of the process of such guidance is also essential not only for evaluating the merits and demerits of administered guidance but also for the benefit of the individual concerned. One may be further helped in this proper adjustment to his vocation through such follow-up programs. In this way we see that the task of rendering vocational guidance to the pupils is quite extensive and laborious. It cannot be left only in the hands of career masters or a separate guidance worker
  • 8. appointed in the school. The parents, teachers and head of the institution should also play their dues roles in rendering vocational guidance to the pupils. The guidance services in the school should be properly established and the co-operation of all the essential forces should be secured to draw maximum benefit from these services. Correlation of Personal Guidance and Educational and Vocational Guidance Personal guidance cannot be totally separated from educational guidance because personal guidance is the basis of educational guidance. A student cannot make progress in his education is he is a victim of personal problems. Hence the class teacher is to first solve his personal problems before solving his educational problems. Again, an individual cannot be successful in his vocation if he is a victim of some personal problem. His personal problems can be solved only by an expert and skilled psychologist. Therefore, the scope of personal guidance is vast. It includes educational as well as vocational guidance. Conclusion This report shows that for schools to have high quality careers, information, advice, guidance and education (CIAGE) there needs to be a school-wide focus that supports students to have regular, coordinated and ongoing opportunities to develop career management competencies. Significantly, the schools that ERO found to have the highest quality approaches to CIAGE were focused not just on the pathways or vocations of students but on their individual futures. These schools had well trained staff across the school – not just careers advisors but also deans and form teachers. These staff had developed excellent relationships with students and actively supported them to develop goals, understand themselves, investigate opportunities and make decisions. In addition to the pastoral care relationships and systems, schools with high quality approaches had curriculum structures or initiatives that also helped students develop career management competencies. These included careers-based units in social studies, English or health classes, and authentic learning opportunities that linked students with workplaces and/or the types of authentic learning activities they might experience in ‘the real world’. The majority of schools had active careers departments that, while not innovative, had put in place a range of conventional CIAGE initiatives. Seventeen of these schools were judged to have a Conventional-Established approach to CIAGE. Most of these schools had some processes for identifying student goals, albeit that they were much more focused on developing student pathways. While school leaders were familiar with career management competencies, students did not have the same opportunities to regularly focus on their passions, goals and opportunities for the future. Another 19 schools had also taken a conventional approach to careers. Careers, information, advice, guidance and education (CIAGE) at Conventional-Developing schools did not have the same profile and/or level of coordination and leadership of CIAGE at schools with better quality approaches. Many of these schools had useful support for students in pockets across the school.
  • 9. However, CIAGE was fragmented at these schools but many could be expected to improve their performance over time, especially as new careers initiatives become established and pastoral care and curriculum areas of the school take more responsibility for the pathways of students. References https://johnparankimalil.wordpress.com/2015/01/27/vocational-guidance/ http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/employee-management/vocational-guidance-meaning- definition-and-principles-of-vocational-guidance/25958/