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Regra Geral: Para passar uma oração para a voz passiva, coloca-se o verbo to be no
mesmo tempo verbal do verbo principal d...
Sujeito+Verbo+Objeto, e o que é objeto em uma é sujeito na outra.
Somebody cleans the office every day. (Alguém limpa o es...
Active: Susan closed the door.
Passive: The door was closed by Susan
1. O Complemento directo (the door) na frase activa
c...
22. p) Educators should tell the students about the harmful influence of popular
culture.( The students)
23. q) The popula...
f) They could be judged. (People)
g) We can prevent the destruction of old documents. (the
destruction of old documents)
h...
z. The problem was being discussed by the professors when we arrived.
aa. English is spoken all over the world by many peo...
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Ingles

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Ingles

  1. 1. Regra Geral: Para passar uma oração para a voz passiva, coloca-se o verbo to be no mesmo tempo verbal do verbo principal da oração na ativa, que é necessariamente passado para o particípio. Isto é, voz passiva é: Simple Present: am / is / are (not) Simple Past: was / were (not) Future: will be Present Continuous: is / are being + PARTICIPLE Past Continuous: was / were being ex: done, taken, grow, etc. Conditional: would / may be Present Perfect: has / have been Past Perfect: had been Lista de transformações: Voz ativa writes (simple present) is / are written wrote(simple past) was / were written was / were writing (past continous) was / were being written have / has written (present perfect) has / have been written had written (past perfect) had been written would write (conditional) •They Voz passiva would be written will write that letter. (Eles escreverão aquela carta). That letter will be written by them. (Aquela carta será escrita por eles). Note que ambas as orações são compostas da seguinte forma:
  2. 2. Sujeito+Verbo+Objeto, e o que é objeto em uma é sujeito na outra. Somebody cleans the office every day. (Alguém limpa o escritório todo dia). The office is cleaned every day. (O escritório é limpo todo dia). Note a mudança do verbo: na oração na voz ativa o verbo se encontra apenas no Simple Present, já na voz passiva existe uma locução verbal entre o verbo to be no presente e o verbo principal clean no particípio cleaned. •Somebody cleaned the office yesterday. (Alguém limpou o escritório ontem). The office was cleaned yesterday. (O escritório foi limpo ontem). O mesmo exemplo, porém no passado. •People have watched the World Cup. (As pessoas assistiram à Copa do Mundo). The World Cup have been watched. (A Copa do Mundo foi assistida – veja que, no português padrão, não existe a forma passiva dessa oração, já que o verbo assistir, nesse contexto, é transitivo indireto). Note, que neste caso não há necessidade de inserir “by people” (pelas pessoas) na voz passiva. •Picasso painted “Guernica”. (Picasso pintou “Guernica”). “Guernica” was painted by Picasso. (“Guernica” foi pintada por Picasso). •South Africa produces about half of the world’s gold. (A África do Sul produz cerca de metade do ouro do mundo). About half of the world’s gold is produced by South Africa. (Cerca de metade do ouro do mundo é produzida pela África do Sul). •Anyone can plant a tree. (Qualquer um pode plantar uma árvore). A tree can be planted by anyone. (Uma árvore pode ser plantada por qualquer um). •Shakespeare wrote “Romeo and Juliet”. (Shakespeare escreveu “Romeu e Julieta”). “Romeo and Juliet” was written by Shakespeare. (“Romeu e Julieta” foi escrito por Shakespeare). •Somebody is painting the door. (Alguém está pintando a porta). The door is being painted. (A porta está sendo pintada). verbo to be (no mesmo tempo em que estava o verbo da voz ativa) + Past Participle (do verbo da ativa) Ex.: Voz ativa: Jane writes a letter. Voz passiva: A letter is written by Jane.
  3. 3. Active: Susan closed the door. Passive: The door was closed by Susan 1. O Complemento directo (the door) na frase activa corresponde ao sujeito na frase passiva 2. O sujeito (Susan) na frase activa corresponde na passiva ao agente da passiva que é sempre introduzido pela preposição by. 3. A passiva forma-se com o verbo to be (no tempo do verbo principal da frase activa) + o particípio passado do verbo principal. 4. A penas os verbos transitivos, ou seja, aqueles que exigem um complemento directo e / ou indirecto, podem ser colocados na voz passiva. 5. O agente da passiva é omitido quando o sujeito da activa é indefinido, vago, desconhecido, impessoal ou óbvio, sendo normalmente designado na activa por one, they, you, somebody, nobody, everyone, etc. 6. 1 – Rewrite the following sentences in the passive voice. 7. a) I will take the children to the cinema. 8. b) The girls have prepared this delicious cake. 9. c) The students wrote these interesting texts about the school trip. 10. d) The customers have just read the notice. 11. e) Many people study English at language schools. 12. f) The Smiths bought the green house. 13. g) We should give teenagers an opportunity to get a job. 14. h) Everybody can visit the cathedral from 1 pm to 6 pm. 15. i) A taxi drove them home. 16. j) Someone is repairing the damage in our building. 17. k) Lots of teenagers watch this programme every day. 18. l) I can’t exchange the shoes without a receipt. 19. m) We must vacate the room by 12 pm. 20. n) Someone has stolen my car. 21. o) She was asked about her name and address. (Someone)
  4. 4. 22. p) Educators should tell the students about the harmful influence of popular culture.( The students) 23. q) The popular commercial culture often shows us negative pictures of the Arabs. (We) 24. r) They followed more than 10,000 people over 6 years. (More than) 25. s) Bad sleeping affects productivity and health. (Productivity) 26. t) The risk takers and visionaries of this agency have expanded human knowledge. (Human knowledge) 27. u) Somebody has answered the letter. (The letter) 28. v) People are studying foreign languages (foreign languages) 29. w) The students will prepare the assignment. (the assignment) 30. x) They will install a new computer centre in the university. (a new computer centre) 31. y) A fire is threatening the university library. (the university library) 32. z) The professors were discussing the problem when we arrived. (the problem) 33. aa) Many people speak English all over the world. (English) 34. bb) They received a letter from relatives who live in Paris. (a letter) 35. cc) In some countries many people use their mobile phones to send e-mail messages. (mobile phones) 36. dd) Sarah is sending an e-mail. (An e-mail) 37. ee) They are searching for a criminal. (A criminal) 38. ff) They reported a cyber crime. (a cyber crime) 39. gg) They told me about the disaster. (I) 3 - Passive with modals a) I gave him a present.( He) b) She is reading the textbook.( The textbook) c) Somebody sent me a card. (I) d) They can't express their feelings.( Their feelings) e) People must respect the others. (The others)
  5. 5. f) They could be judged. (People) g) We can prevent the destruction of old documents. (the destruction of old documents) h) Living abroad can change our view of the world. (our view of the world) i) I can send you the assignment later. (You) Solutions – Rewrite the following sentences in the passive voice. a. The children will be taken to the cinema. b. This delicious cake has been prepared by the girls. c. These interesting texts about the school trip were written by the students. d. The notice has just been read by the customers. e. English is studied (by many people) at language schools (by many people). f. The green house was bought by the Smiths. g. Teenagers should be given an opportunity to get a job. h. The cathedral can be visited from 1 pm to 6 pm. i. They were driven home by a taxi. j. The damage in our building is being repaired. k. This programme is watched (by lots of teenagers) every day (by lots of teenagers). l. The shoes can't be exchanged without a receipt. m. The room must be vacated by 12 pm. n. My car has been stolen. o. Someone asked about her name and address. p. The students should be told about the harmful influence of popular culture by educators. q. We are often showed negative pictures of the Arabs by the popular commercial culture. r. More than 10,000 people were followed (by them). s. Productivity and health are affected by bad sleeping. t. Human knowledge has been expanded by the risk takers and visionaries of this agency. u. The letter has been answered. v. Foreign languages are being studied. w. The assignment will be prepared by the students. x. A new computer centre will be installed (by them) in the university. y. The university library is being threaded by a fire.
  6. 6. z. The problem was being discussed by the professors when we arrived. aa. English is spoken all over the world by many people. bb. A letter was received from relatives who live in Paris (by them). cc. Mobile phones are used to send e-mail messages in some countries by many people. dd. An e-mail is being sent by Sarah. ee. A criminal is being searched for (by them). ff. A cyber crime was reported (by them). gg. I was told about the disaster (by them). 3 - Passive with modals a) He was given by me a present. b) The textbook is being read by her. c) I was sent a card. d) Their feelings can’t be expressed (by them). e) The others must be respect. f) People could judge them. g) The destruction of old documents can be prevent by us. h) Our view of the world can be changed by living abroad. i) You can be sent the

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