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Taking Bologna Forward:
     Beyond 2010

               Lesley Wilson
             Secretary General
    European University Association (EUA)


IAU Annual Conference – Utrecht, 15-18 July
  Series A: Wednesday 16 July, 16:30 – 18:00
                     …1…
I. About the EUA
Established in 2001 in Brussels (merger of 2 previous
bodies) – rapid growth in members & activities since then
Mission: strengthen European universities by
  Shaping European policy at European level – building a
  coherent European HE and research area
  Supporting institutional development
Non-governmental membership organisation
  Individual members: doctorate-granting institutions
  Collective members: National rectors’ conferences
                           …2…
EUA - « the Voice of           34 national Rectors’
European Universities«         Conferences
                                770 individual universities
                                Affiliated university
                               networks + organisations
                                 in 46 European countries




                         …3…
II. 2010 – Completion of two/three complementary
                   European reform processes
Lisbon Strategy/European Research Area:    Bologna Process
27 Member States of European Union        46 Bologna Countries




                               …4…
The Bologna Process:
     Building the European Higher Education Area
1998/99          46 European countries have signed up
 Governmental push for system convergence, stakeholder supported
      implementation in universities across Europe
                  The Lisbon Strategy:
  2000      European Union – currently 27+ countries
         to make Europe the most competitive knowledge based society
  But also « capable of sustainable economic growth, with more and
  better jobs and greater social cohesion »
            The European Research Area
2000     multi-national co-operation among all the actors & in all
   scientific fields - EU Member States and international partners


         Universities are central actors in all cases
                                 …5…
III. Bologna : a pan-European HE Reform Process
Bologna – a voluntary process; 46 countries signed up
with no legal obligations & a tiny ‘Bologna’ Secretariat
Joint Ministerial Meeting & Communiqué – every 2 years
A shared responsibility: governments, universities, staff
& students = members of the Bologna Follow-Up Group
Increasingly stakeholder driven now that
implementation is the priority
Agreement on 10 Bologna Action lines
Enormous progress since 1999: 83% of HEIs have the 3
cycle structure in place (Trends V, 2007) > 53% in 2003
                          …6…
IV. Toward a European Higher Education Area:
Bologna Reform achievements
Reform in 46 countries – changes in legislation, in
institutional reality & in mentalities
Introduction of 3 cycle degree system using common
tools: European Qualifications Framework, incl. Level
descriptors, credits (ECTS) etc. & a Diploma Supplement
Common principles for doctoral programmes
European Quality Assurance arrangements
Agreement on the elements of a global Dimension of
European HE

                         …7…
IV. Bologna Achievement: an example
A European Dimension in Quality Assurance
                         Quality - a core issue of
                           Bologna

                           Bergen 2005 - Joint European
                           Standards and Guidelines for
                           internal, external QA, at
                           institutional and agency level
                           2006: European Quality Forum
                           London 2007: European
                           Register of Quality Assurance
                           Agencies – launched in 2008

                   …8…
IV. Bologna Achievements: a second example
       The Global Dimension of Bologna
London Ministerial Meeting 2007 - Adoption of a “strategy for
the EHEA in a global context”
Universities are a driving force but new approaches required
> globalisation, growing competition, new providers etc.
The challenge - rethink their role, mission & goals & develop
specific profiles & portfolios:
growing Bologna interest across the globe
demand for policy dialogue & enhanced cooperation
   How does the 3 cycle degree structure articulate with other
   regions?
   What about ECTS and the Diploma Supplement?
   Bologna as a model for HE reform and HE regional integration
                             …9…
V. Approaching 2010
Debate underway among all partners: milestones
   Ministerial Meeting - Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve, April 2009
   EUA Trends VI – 2010: European Universities’ perceptions
   Vienna: 2010 Bologna Ministerial Anniversary Conference
   Have the reforms achieved their goals?
     Implementation at institutional and national level
   Discussing goals and priorities for post 2010?
   Refocus: on unfinished business & less tangible, less easily
   ‘benchmarked’ issues, e.g. learning outcomes, mobility, social
   dimension, access
   Rethinking: beyond the boundaries of HE (articulation EHEA &
   ERA, obstacles to mobility (visa, pension rights, recognition)
                                …10…
V. Key challenges for the European Higher
           Education Area post 2010
2010 - less a deadline and more the start of a new phase?
  some reforms are accomplished, others not yet
  individual Bologna countries implement reform at a
  different pace
  growing links between the EHEA, & the EU Lisbon Agenda
  goals/the European Research Area
  The economic and social environment is changing e. g.
  demographic situation of Europe
  Increasing awareness of the role of universities in building
  a knowledge society in Europe
  Globalisation & the emergence of international education
                                                    EUA
                                                    Slide 11
                              …11…
V. EHEA- increasingly intertwined in a global
                  setting
EHEA cannot function in a vacuum : communicating the
‘process’ to the world and engaging partners is crucial
Different institutions and countries across the EHEA are at
different phases of their ‘internationalisation’ process &
have different priorities
Mobility is an international, & not simply an intra-European
question
Attracting global talent: the changing role of the university
as a service provider and an ‘exporter’
Demographic developments will play an increasingly
important role
                                                       EUA
                                                   Slide 12
                            …12…
V. EHEA- increasingly intertwined in a global
                  setting
EHEA cannot function in a vacuum : communicating the
‘process’ to the world and engaging partners is crucial
Different institutions and countries across the EHEA are at
different phases of their ‘internationalisation’ process &
have different priorities
Mobility is an international, & not simply an intra-European
question
Attracting global talent: the changing role of the university
as a service provider and an ‘exporter’
Demographic developments will play an increasingly
important role
                                                       EUA
                                                   Slide 13
                            …13…
V. Impact on universities and EUA
Internationalisation is an increasing priority for universities
across Europe
Builds on longstanding research collaboration but now takes
account of the challenges of globalisation – competition and
cooperation
Particular importance of cooperation at master & doctoral level
EUA increasingly developing its own international agenda, e.g.
    Longstanding & regular ‘Transatlantic Dialogue’ with the US and
    Canada (ACE & AUCC)
    International cooperation with associations of graduate schools
    Development of new form of policy dialogue, especially with Asia
    & Latin America
    Publication of a Bologna & …14…
                               an,Internationalisation Handbook
VI Conclusion
The 2010 deadline for creating the European Higher Education
Area (EHEA) is approaching – time to reflect & move on
Successful movement for reform across 46 countries in a
relatively short period – raising the profile of European HE &
overcoming fragmentation
considerable progress but also still work to do: mobility, LLL,
realising a student centred approach
Has proved to be a catalyst for new reform thinking & ways of
working (e.g. government – stakeholder cooperation)
Is developing a European HE discourse (identity & approach)
while providing a basis for cooperation with other regions
Must now respond to increasing global pressure – rankings,
international competition, brain drain etc.
                               …15…
“Europe, thanks to Bologna,
    may have been given the
  opportunity to respond to the
     21st century agendas”
      Peter Scott, ACA President,
Vice-Chancellor, Kingston University/UK
     EUA Bologna Handbook, 2006

                  …16…

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Utrecht sa- lesley wilson

  • 1. Taking Bologna Forward: Beyond 2010 Lesley Wilson Secretary General European University Association (EUA) IAU Annual Conference – Utrecht, 15-18 July Series A: Wednesday 16 July, 16:30 – 18:00 …1…
  • 2. I. About the EUA Established in 2001 in Brussels (merger of 2 previous bodies) – rapid growth in members & activities since then Mission: strengthen European universities by Shaping European policy at European level – building a coherent European HE and research area Supporting institutional development Non-governmental membership organisation Individual members: doctorate-granting institutions Collective members: National rectors’ conferences …2…
  • 3. EUA - « the Voice of 34 national Rectors’ European Universities« Conferences 770 individual universities Affiliated university networks + organisations in 46 European countries …3…
  • 4. II. 2010 – Completion of two/three complementary European reform processes Lisbon Strategy/European Research Area: Bologna Process 27 Member States of European Union 46 Bologna Countries …4…
  • 5. The Bologna Process: Building the European Higher Education Area 1998/99 46 European countries have signed up Governmental push for system convergence, stakeholder supported implementation in universities across Europe The Lisbon Strategy: 2000 European Union – currently 27+ countries to make Europe the most competitive knowledge based society But also « capable of sustainable economic growth, with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion » The European Research Area 2000 multi-national co-operation among all the actors & in all scientific fields - EU Member States and international partners Universities are central actors in all cases …5…
  • 6. III. Bologna : a pan-European HE Reform Process Bologna – a voluntary process; 46 countries signed up with no legal obligations & a tiny ‘Bologna’ Secretariat Joint Ministerial Meeting & Communiqué – every 2 years A shared responsibility: governments, universities, staff & students = members of the Bologna Follow-Up Group Increasingly stakeholder driven now that implementation is the priority Agreement on 10 Bologna Action lines Enormous progress since 1999: 83% of HEIs have the 3 cycle structure in place (Trends V, 2007) > 53% in 2003 …6…
  • 7. IV. Toward a European Higher Education Area: Bologna Reform achievements Reform in 46 countries – changes in legislation, in institutional reality & in mentalities Introduction of 3 cycle degree system using common tools: European Qualifications Framework, incl. Level descriptors, credits (ECTS) etc. & a Diploma Supplement Common principles for doctoral programmes European Quality Assurance arrangements Agreement on the elements of a global Dimension of European HE …7…
  • 8. IV. Bologna Achievement: an example A European Dimension in Quality Assurance Quality - a core issue of Bologna Bergen 2005 - Joint European Standards and Guidelines for internal, external QA, at institutional and agency level 2006: European Quality Forum London 2007: European Register of Quality Assurance Agencies – launched in 2008 …8…
  • 9. IV. Bologna Achievements: a second example The Global Dimension of Bologna London Ministerial Meeting 2007 - Adoption of a “strategy for the EHEA in a global context” Universities are a driving force but new approaches required > globalisation, growing competition, new providers etc. The challenge - rethink their role, mission & goals & develop specific profiles & portfolios: growing Bologna interest across the globe demand for policy dialogue & enhanced cooperation How does the 3 cycle degree structure articulate with other regions? What about ECTS and the Diploma Supplement? Bologna as a model for HE reform and HE regional integration …9…
  • 10. V. Approaching 2010 Debate underway among all partners: milestones Ministerial Meeting - Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve, April 2009 EUA Trends VI – 2010: European Universities’ perceptions Vienna: 2010 Bologna Ministerial Anniversary Conference Have the reforms achieved their goals? Implementation at institutional and national level Discussing goals and priorities for post 2010? Refocus: on unfinished business & less tangible, less easily ‘benchmarked’ issues, e.g. learning outcomes, mobility, social dimension, access Rethinking: beyond the boundaries of HE (articulation EHEA & ERA, obstacles to mobility (visa, pension rights, recognition) …10…
  • 11. V. Key challenges for the European Higher Education Area post 2010 2010 - less a deadline and more the start of a new phase? some reforms are accomplished, others not yet individual Bologna countries implement reform at a different pace growing links between the EHEA, & the EU Lisbon Agenda goals/the European Research Area The economic and social environment is changing e. g. demographic situation of Europe Increasing awareness of the role of universities in building a knowledge society in Europe Globalisation & the emergence of international education EUA Slide 11 …11…
  • 12. V. EHEA- increasingly intertwined in a global setting EHEA cannot function in a vacuum : communicating the ‘process’ to the world and engaging partners is crucial Different institutions and countries across the EHEA are at different phases of their ‘internationalisation’ process & have different priorities Mobility is an international, & not simply an intra-European question Attracting global talent: the changing role of the university as a service provider and an ‘exporter’ Demographic developments will play an increasingly important role EUA Slide 12 …12…
  • 13. V. EHEA- increasingly intertwined in a global setting EHEA cannot function in a vacuum : communicating the ‘process’ to the world and engaging partners is crucial Different institutions and countries across the EHEA are at different phases of their ‘internationalisation’ process & have different priorities Mobility is an international, & not simply an intra-European question Attracting global talent: the changing role of the university as a service provider and an ‘exporter’ Demographic developments will play an increasingly important role EUA Slide 13 …13…
  • 14. V. Impact on universities and EUA Internationalisation is an increasing priority for universities across Europe Builds on longstanding research collaboration but now takes account of the challenges of globalisation – competition and cooperation Particular importance of cooperation at master & doctoral level EUA increasingly developing its own international agenda, e.g. Longstanding & regular ‘Transatlantic Dialogue’ with the US and Canada (ACE & AUCC) International cooperation with associations of graduate schools Development of new form of policy dialogue, especially with Asia & Latin America Publication of a Bologna & …14… an,Internationalisation Handbook
  • 15. VI Conclusion The 2010 deadline for creating the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) is approaching – time to reflect & move on Successful movement for reform across 46 countries in a relatively short period – raising the profile of European HE & overcoming fragmentation considerable progress but also still work to do: mobility, LLL, realising a student centred approach Has proved to be a catalyst for new reform thinking & ways of working (e.g. government – stakeholder cooperation) Is developing a European HE discourse (identity & approach) while providing a basis for cooperation with other regions Must now respond to increasing global pressure – rankings, international competition, brain drain etc. …15…
  • 16. “Europe, thanks to Bologna, may have been given the opportunity to respond to the 21st century agendas” Peter Scott, ACA President, Vice-Chancellor, Kingston University/UK EUA Bologna Handbook, 2006 …16…