SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Using Data to Reveal Gender Bias in
Contemporary Fiction
Dr. Andrew Piper & Eve Kraicer
● How can we use a different kind of data than sales
data to understand the books on your list?
Beyond Sales Data
● How can we use a different kind of data than sales
data to understand the books on your list?
● Machine learning
● Natural language processing
● Social network analysis
Beyond Sales Data
What do you know about your characters?
What do you know about your characters?
● How many are there?
What do you know about your characters?
● How many are there? 89
How often are
characters mentioned?
Long tail of minor
characters
What do you know about your characters?
● How many are there?
● How connected are they?
Young Adult Network
Catching Fire, Suzanne Collins
Young Adult Network
Catching Fire, Suzanne Collins
Best Seller Network
A Visit from the Goon Squad, Jennifer Egan
What do you know about your characters?
● How many are there?
● How connected are they?
● How diverse are they?
“If she can see it,
she can be it.”
- Geena Davis Institute on Gender and Media
Turning Books into Numbers
NAME # MENTIONS / 100K WORDS GENDER
Jon 452.6782 M
Tyrion 350.507 M
Dany 229.2484 M
Ramsay 174.555 M
Asha 159.892 W
Stannis 120.792 M
Turning Books into Networks
● Nodes = Characters
● Edges = Interactions
NAME 1 NAME 2 % POS %NEG %NEUTRAL POS:NEG VERBS
Rickon Theon 3.618 4.605 49.671 0.7857 have be murder behead
have be do lie have escape
Stannis Aegon 2.34 1.563 46.09 1.5 burn have establish
Stannis Jon 2.34 1.563 46.09 1.5 burn have establish
Two Shortcomings:
Gender Binary and Cultural Bias
So what did we learn about
characters in contemporary
novels?
Visibility Measures
Main Characters*
* main character does not mean a
protagonist necessarily, it is based on
counts of names and pronouns
* the Frozen phenomenon
Overall, women
make up only
39.6% of main
characters in our
data set
Genre % Women
Bestsellers 45
Science Fiction 43
Romance 42
Mystery 39
Prizewinners 38
NYT Reviewed 37
Young Adult 32
Genre MM WW
Prizewinners 77 31
Science Fiction 73 28
Mystery 70 28
Bestsellers 62 26
NYT Reviewed 74 23
YA 70 22
Romance 49 5
Top Pairs
WW pairs make up
only 12% of all top
pairs in our data set.
Romance novels
are 10x more
likely to have MM
than WW as a top
pair
● % women in top twenty: 35%
● % women in all characters: 18%
● At every character rank position,
there are more men than women
● No significant difference across
genres
All Characters
What does this mean for individual books?
more
men
more
women
Ratio
of 1:1
91% of books have
more men than women
The Effect of Author Gender
39.6%
12%
Main Characters
ALL AUTHORS
Top Pairs
The Effect of Author Gender
39.6%
12%
42%Main Characters
Top Pairs
ALL AUTHORS WOMEN AUTHORS
The Effect of Author Gender
39.6%
12%
42%
20%
Main Characters
ALL AUTHORS WOMEN AUTHORS
Top Pairs
The Effect of Author Gender
The Effect of Author Gender
Network Measures
Assortativity: a score based on
the number of pairs that are same
gender (both MM and WW)
compared to those that are mixed
gendered
Scores above 0 =
More same gender than
mixed gender
Scores below 0 =
More mixed gender than
same gender
Gender Assortativity
● All have negative scores
● This indicates a heteronormative network
● Favoring mix-gender interactions
● Other than Romance, there is no
significant difference across genres
Gender Assortativity
Structural Balance
Structural Balance
● Most common triangle type: WMM
● Least common triangle type: WWW
● There was no significant difference
in the ratio of balanced to
unbalanced triangles by gender type
1. Contemporary fiction favours characters that are
men and more mixed-gender interactions.
2. This is consistent across all genres.
3. Just adding more women authors won’t solve the
problem.
Main Findings:
Character Semantics:
Why Gender Matters in
Storytelling
*CHAR indicates the character is more likely to be in a
dependent relationship w/ another character
Words by Gender
Words by Gender
Words by Gender
Character Clusters
Character Clusters
How can we use data to foster
more diverse representation of
people in books?

More Related Content

Similar to Using Data to Reveal Gender Bias in Contemporary Fiction

Group Task ONE NIGHT@ CALL CENTR
Group Task ONE NIGHT@ CALL CENTRGroup Task ONE NIGHT@ CALL CENTR
Group Task ONE NIGHT@ CALL CENTR
HansaBhaliya
 
4.0 social network analysis
4.0 social network analysis4.0 social network analysis
4.0 social network analysis
jilung hsieh
 
Database Essay.pdf
Database Essay.pdfDatabase Essay.pdf
Database Essay.pdf
Elizabeth Garcia
 
Reader's Advisory 201: All About Genres
Reader's Advisory 201: All About GenresReader's Advisory 201: All About Genres
Reader's Advisory 201: All About Genres
renadding
 
Elements of a story ppt
Elements of a story pptElements of a story ppt
Elements of a story ppt
CassandraMcDonald8
 
Real Representation: Balancing your young adult LGBTQ+ collection
Real Representation: Balancing your young adult LGBTQ+ collectionReal Representation: Balancing your young adult LGBTQ+ collection
Real Representation: Balancing your young adult LGBTQ+ collection
geektasticlibrarian
 
Read [Books] AP Computer Science Principles with 3 Practice Tests (Barron's T...
Read [Books] AP Computer Science Principles with 3 Practice Tests (Barron's T...Read [Books] AP Computer Science Principles with 3 Practice Tests (Barron's T...
Read [Books] AP Computer Science Principles with 3 Practice Tests (Barron's T...
TElEpHonYMODIFicaTIo
 
Problem posing questions
Problem posing questionsProblem posing questions
Problem posing questions
Wheeler School
 
Rla 526 maines literary explorations
Rla 526 maines literary explorationsRla 526 maines literary explorations
Rla 526 maines literary explorations
bolands
 
Reader's Advisory Training
Reader's Advisory TrainingReader's Advisory Training
Reader's Advisory Training
Brenda Hostettler
 
English 1 Summer Reading Assignment
English 1 Summer Reading AssignmentEnglish 1 Summer Reading Assignment
English 1 Summer Reading Assignment
jkohout
 
Elements of Fiction
Elements of FictionElements of Fiction
Elements of Fiction
DAPHNIE MONTEVERDE
 
Short story writing
Short story writingShort story writing
Short story writing
FERDZZZZZ
 
How To Write A Conclusion For A Rhetorical Analysis E
How To Write A Conclusion For A Rhetorical Analysis EHow To Write A Conclusion For A Rhetorical Analysis E
How To Write A Conclusion For A Rhetorical Analysis E
Marie Smith
 
2. research
2. research2. research
2. research
Brendan Storr
 
A Thrill a Minute
A Thrill a MinuteA Thrill a Minute
A Thrill a Minute
ggaldorisi
 
Essay Character
Essay CharacterEssay Character
Essay Character
Custom Paper Services
 
Group task one night @call center
Group task one night @call centerGroup task one night @call center
Group task one night @call center
KinnariHalvadiya
 
Elements of a Narrative - The Book Thief by Markus Zusak
Elements of a Narrative - The Book Thief by Markus ZusakElements of a Narrative - The Book Thief by Markus Zusak
Elements of a Narrative - The Book Thief by Markus Zusak
naiwilliams
 
Essay On The Indian Cow. hindi essay on cow for class 3 - Brainly.in
Essay On The Indian Cow. hindi essay on cow for class 3 - Brainly.inEssay On The Indian Cow. hindi essay on cow for class 3 - Brainly.in
Essay On The Indian Cow. hindi essay on cow for class 3 - Brainly.in
Elizabeth Pardue
 

Similar to Using Data to Reveal Gender Bias in Contemporary Fiction (20)

Group Task ONE NIGHT@ CALL CENTR
Group Task ONE NIGHT@ CALL CENTRGroup Task ONE NIGHT@ CALL CENTR
Group Task ONE NIGHT@ CALL CENTR
 
4.0 social network analysis
4.0 social network analysis4.0 social network analysis
4.0 social network analysis
 
Database Essay.pdf
Database Essay.pdfDatabase Essay.pdf
Database Essay.pdf
 
Reader's Advisory 201: All About Genres
Reader's Advisory 201: All About GenresReader's Advisory 201: All About Genres
Reader's Advisory 201: All About Genres
 
Elements of a story ppt
Elements of a story pptElements of a story ppt
Elements of a story ppt
 
Real Representation: Balancing your young adult LGBTQ+ collection
Real Representation: Balancing your young adult LGBTQ+ collectionReal Representation: Balancing your young adult LGBTQ+ collection
Real Representation: Balancing your young adult LGBTQ+ collection
 
Read [Books] AP Computer Science Principles with 3 Practice Tests (Barron's T...
Read [Books] AP Computer Science Principles with 3 Practice Tests (Barron's T...Read [Books] AP Computer Science Principles with 3 Practice Tests (Barron's T...
Read [Books] AP Computer Science Principles with 3 Practice Tests (Barron's T...
 
Problem posing questions
Problem posing questionsProblem posing questions
Problem posing questions
 
Rla 526 maines literary explorations
Rla 526 maines literary explorationsRla 526 maines literary explorations
Rla 526 maines literary explorations
 
Reader's Advisory Training
Reader's Advisory TrainingReader's Advisory Training
Reader's Advisory Training
 
English 1 Summer Reading Assignment
English 1 Summer Reading AssignmentEnglish 1 Summer Reading Assignment
English 1 Summer Reading Assignment
 
Elements of Fiction
Elements of FictionElements of Fiction
Elements of Fiction
 
Short story writing
Short story writingShort story writing
Short story writing
 
How To Write A Conclusion For A Rhetorical Analysis E
How To Write A Conclusion For A Rhetorical Analysis EHow To Write A Conclusion For A Rhetorical Analysis E
How To Write A Conclusion For A Rhetorical Analysis E
 
2. research
2. research2. research
2. research
 
A Thrill a Minute
A Thrill a MinuteA Thrill a Minute
A Thrill a Minute
 
Essay Character
Essay CharacterEssay Character
Essay Character
 
Group task one night @call center
Group task one night @call centerGroup task one night @call center
Group task one night @call center
 
Elements of a Narrative - The Book Thief by Markus Zusak
Elements of a Narrative - The Book Thief by Markus ZusakElements of a Narrative - The Book Thief by Markus Zusak
Elements of a Narrative - The Book Thief by Markus Zusak
 
Essay On The Indian Cow. hindi essay on cow for class 3 - Brainly.in
Essay On The Indian Cow. hindi essay on cow for class 3 - Brainly.inEssay On The Indian Cow. hindi essay on cow for class 3 - Brainly.in
Essay On The Indian Cow. hindi essay on cow for class 3 - Brainly.in
 

More from BookNet Canada

Transcript: Selling digital books in 2024: Insights from industry leaders - T...
Transcript: Selling digital books in 2024: Insights from industry leaders - T...Transcript: Selling digital books in 2024: Insights from industry leaders - T...
Transcript: Selling digital books in 2024: Insights from industry leaders - T...
BookNet Canada
 
Transcript: #StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: #StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024Transcript: #StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: #StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024
BookNet Canada
 
#StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024
#StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024#StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024
#StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024
BookNet Canada
 
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024
BookNet Canada
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024
BookNet Canada
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
BookNet Canada
 
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
BookNet Canada
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
BookNet Canada
 
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
BookNet Canada
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
BookNet Canada
 
Transcript: Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - ...
Transcript: Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - ...Transcript: Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - ...
Transcript: Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - ...
BookNet Canada
 
Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - Tech Forum 2024
Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - Tech Forum 2024Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - Tech Forum 2024
Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - Tech Forum 2024
BookNet Canada
 
Transcript: Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024Transcript: Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024
BookNet Canada
 
Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024
Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024
Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024
BookNet Canada
 
Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024
Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024
Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024
BookNet Canada
 
Transcript: Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - ...
Transcript: Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - ...Transcript: Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - ...
Transcript: Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - ...
BookNet Canada
 
Transcript: New stores, new views: Booksellers adapting engaging and thriving...
Transcript: New stores, new views: Booksellers adapting engaging and thriving...Transcript: New stores, new views: Booksellers adapting engaging and thriving...
Transcript: New stores, new views: Booksellers adapting engaging and thriving...
BookNet Canada
 
Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023
Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023
Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023
BookNet Canada
 
Transcript: Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023
Transcript: Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023Transcript: Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023
Transcript: Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023
BookNet Canada
 
Transcript: Redefining the book supply chain: A glimpse into the future - Tec...
Transcript: Redefining the book supply chain: A glimpse into the future - Tec...Transcript: Redefining the book supply chain: A glimpse into the future - Tec...
Transcript: Redefining the book supply chain: A glimpse into the future - Tec...
BookNet Canada
 

More from BookNet Canada (20)

Transcript: Selling digital books in 2024: Insights from industry leaders - T...
Transcript: Selling digital books in 2024: Insights from industry leaders - T...Transcript: Selling digital books in 2024: Insights from industry leaders - T...
Transcript: Selling digital books in 2024: Insights from industry leaders - T...
 
Transcript: #StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: #StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024Transcript: #StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: #StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024
 
#StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024
#StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024#StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024
#StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024
 
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC BiblioShare - Tech Forum 2024
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
 
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC CataList - Tech Forum 2024
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
 
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
New from BookNet Canada for 2024: Loan Stars - Tech Forum 2024
 
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
Transcript: New from BookNet Canada for 2024: BNC SalesData and LibraryData -...
 
Transcript: Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - ...
Transcript: Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - ...Transcript: Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - ...
Transcript: Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - ...
 
Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - Tech Forum 2024
Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - Tech Forum 2024Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - Tech Forum 2024
Green paths: Learning from publishers’ sustainability journeys - Tech Forum 2024
 
Transcript: Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024Transcript: Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024
Transcript: Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024
 
Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024
Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024
Book industry state of the nation 2024 - Tech Forum 2024
 
Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024
Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024
Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - Tech Forum 2024
 
Transcript: Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - ...
Transcript: Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - ...Transcript: Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - ...
Transcript: Trending now: Book subjects on the move in the Canadian market - ...
 
Transcript: New stores, new views: Booksellers adapting engaging and thriving...
Transcript: New stores, new views: Booksellers adapting engaging and thriving...Transcript: New stores, new views: Booksellers adapting engaging and thriving...
Transcript: New stores, new views: Booksellers adapting engaging and thriving...
 
Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023
Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023
Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023
 
Transcript: Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023
Transcript: Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023Transcript: Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023
Transcript: Show and tell: What’s in your tech stack? - Tech Forum 2023
 
Transcript: Redefining the book supply chain: A glimpse into the future - Tec...
Transcript: Redefining the book supply chain: A glimpse into the future - Tec...Transcript: Redefining the book supply chain: A glimpse into the future - Tec...
Transcript: Redefining the book supply chain: A glimpse into the future - Tec...
 

Recently uploaded

Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
Stone Art Hub
 
Part 2 Deep Dive: Navigating the 2024 Slowdown
Part 2 Deep Dive: Navigating the 2024 SlowdownPart 2 Deep Dive: Navigating the 2024 Slowdown
Part 2 Deep Dive: Navigating the 2024 Slowdown
jeffkluth1
 
Building Your Employer Brand with Social Media
Building Your Employer Brand with Social MediaBuilding Your Employer Brand with Social Media
Building Your Employer Brand with Social Media
LuanWise
 
Industrial Tech SW: Category Renewal and Creation
Industrial Tech SW:  Category Renewal and CreationIndustrial Tech SW:  Category Renewal and Creation
Industrial Tech SW: Category Renewal and Creation
Christian Dahlen
 
GKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt Presentation
GKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt PresentationGKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt Presentation
GKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt Presentation
GraceKohler1
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Matka Guessing Kalyan Chart Indian Matka Kalyan panel Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Matka Guessing Kalyan Chart Indian Matka Kalyan panel ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Matka Guessing Kalyan Chart Indian Matka Kalyan panel Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Matka Guessing Kalyan Chart Indian Matka Kalyan panel Chart
➒➌➎➏➑➐➋➑➐➐Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
 
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta Matka
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta MatkaDpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta Matka
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta Matka
➒➌➎➏➑➐➋➑➐➐Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matka Kalyan Chart Indian Matka
 
Easily Verify Compliance and Security with Binance KYC
Easily Verify Compliance and Security with Binance KYCEasily Verify Compliance and Security with Binance KYC
Easily Verify Compliance and Security with Binance KYC
Any kyc Account
 
The Heart of Leadership_ How Emotional Intelligence Drives Business Success B...
The Heart of Leadership_ How Emotional Intelligence Drives Business Success B...The Heart of Leadership_ How Emotional Intelligence Drives Business Success B...
The Heart of Leadership_ How Emotional Intelligence Drives Business Success B...
Stephen Cashman
 
Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431
Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431
Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431
ecamare2
 
Top mailing list providers in the USA.pptx
Top mailing list providers in the USA.pptxTop mailing list providers in the USA.pptx
Top mailing list providers in the USA.pptx
JeremyPeirce1
 
Authentically Social by Corey Perlman - EO Puerto Rico
Authentically Social by Corey Perlman - EO Puerto RicoAuthentically Social by Corey Perlman - EO Puerto Rico
Authentically Social by Corey Perlman - EO Puerto Rico
Corey Perlman, Social Media Speaker and Consultant
 
Income Tax exemption for Start up : Section 80 IAC
Income Tax  exemption for Start up : Section 80 IACIncome Tax  exemption for Start up : Section 80 IAC
Income Tax exemption for Start up : Section 80 IAC
CA Dr. Prithvi Ranjan Parhi
 
DearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUni
DearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUniDearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUni
DearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUni
katiejasper96
 
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup IndustryTIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
timesbpobusiness
 
How to Implement a Real Estate CRM Software
How to Implement a Real Estate CRM SoftwareHow to Implement a Real Estate CRM Software
How to Implement a Real Estate CRM Software
SalesTown
 
Pitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deckPitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deck
HajeJanKamps
 
Taurus Zodiac Sign: Unveiling the Traits, Dates, and Horoscope Insights of th...
Taurus Zodiac Sign: Unveiling the Traits, Dates, and Horoscope Insights of th...Taurus Zodiac Sign: Unveiling the Traits, Dates, and Horoscope Insights of th...
Taurus Zodiac Sign: Unveiling the Traits, Dates, and Horoscope Insights of th...
my Pandit
 
Call8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessing
Call8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessingCall8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessing
Call8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessing
➑➌➋➑➒➎➑➑➊➍
 
Understanding User Needs and Satisfying Them
Understanding User Needs and Satisfying ThemUnderstanding User Needs and Satisfying Them
Understanding User Needs and Satisfying Them
Aggregage
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
 
Part 2 Deep Dive: Navigating the 2024 Slowdown
Part 2 Deep Dive: Navigating the 2024 SlowdownPart 2 Deep Dive: Navigating the 2024 Slowdown
Part 2 Deep Dive: Navigating the 2024 Slowdown
 
Building Your Employer Brand with Social Media
Building Your Employer Brand with Social MediaBuilding Your Employer Brand with Social Media
Building Your Employer Brand with Social Media
 
Industrial Tech SW: Category Renewal and Creation
Industrial Tech SW:  Category Renewal and CreationIndustrial Tech SW:  Category Renewal and Creation
Industrial Tech SW: Category Renewal and Creation
 
GKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt Presentation
GKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt PresentationGKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt Presentation
GKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt Presentation
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Matka Guessing Kalyan Chart Indian Matka Kalyan panel Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Matka Guessing Kalyan Chart Indian Matka Kalyan panel ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Matka Guessing Kalyan Chart Indian Matka Kalyan panel Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Matka Guessing Kalyan Chart Indian Matka Kalyan panel Chart
 
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta Matka
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta MatkaDpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta Matka
Dpboss Matka Guessing Satta Matta Matka Kalyan Chart Satta Matka
 
Easily Verify Compliance and Security with Binance KYC
Easily Verify Compliance and Security with Binance KYCEasily Verify Compliance and Security with Binance KYC
Easily Verify Compliance and Security with Binance KYC
 
The Heart of Leadership_ How Emotional Intelligence Drives Business Success B...
The Heart of Leadership_ How Emotional Intelligence Drives Business Success B...The Heart of Leadership_ How Emotional Intelligence Drives Business Success B...
The Heart of Leadership_ How Emotional Intelligence Drives Business Success B...
 
Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431
Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431
Observation Lab PowerPoint Assignment for TEM 431
 
Top mailing list providers in the USA.pptx
Top mailing list providers in the USA.pptxTop mailing list providers in the USA.pptx
Top mailing list providers in the USA.pptx
 
Authentically Social by Corey Perlman - EO Puerto Rico
Authentically Social by Corey Perlman - EO Puerto RicoAuthentically Social by Corey Perlman - EO Puerto Rico
Authentically Social by Corey Perlman - EO Puerto Rico
 
Income Tax exemption for Start up : Section 80 IAC
Income Tax  exemption for Start up : Section 80 IACIncome Tax  exemption for Start up : Section 80 IAC
Income Tax exemption for Start up : Section 80 IAC
 
DearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUni
DearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUniDearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUni
DearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUni
 
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup IndustryTIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
 
How to Implement a Real Estate CRM Software
How to Implement a Real Estate CRM SoftwareHow to Implement a Real Estate CRM Software
How to Implement a Real Estate CRM Software
 
Pitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deckPitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deck
Pitch Deck Teardown: Kinnect's $250k Angel deck
 
Taurus Zodiac Sign: Unveiling the Traits, Dates, and Horoscope Insights of th...
Taurus Zodiac Sign: Unveiling the Traits, Dates, and Horoscope Insights of th...Taurus Zodiac Sign: Unveiling the Traits, Dates, and Horoscope Insights of th...
Taurus Zodiac Sign: Unveiling the Traits, Dates, and Horoscope Insights of th...
 
Call8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessing
Call8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessingCall8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessing
Call8328958814 satta matka Kalyan result satta guessing
 
Understanding User Needs and Satisfying Them
Understanding User Needs and Satisfying ThemUnderstanding User Needs and Satisfying Them
Understanding User Needs and Satisfying Them
 

Using Data to Reveal Gender Bias in Contemporary Fiction

  • 1. Using Data to Reveal Gender Bias in Contemporary Fiction Dr. Andrew Piper & Eve Kraicer
  • 2. ● How can we use a different kind of data than sales data to understand the books on your list? Beyond Sales Data
  • 3. ● How can we use a different kind of data than sales data to understand the books on your list? ● Machine learning ● Natural language processing ● Social network analysis Beyond Sales Data
  • 4. What do you know about your characters?
  • 5. What do you know about your characters? ● How many are there?
  • 6. What do you know about your characters? ● How many are there? 89
  • 7. How often are characters mentioned? Long tail of minor characters
  • 8. What do you know about your characters? ● How many are there? ● How connected are they?
  • 9. Young Adult Network Catching Fire, Suzanne Collins
  • 10. Young Adult Network Catching Fire, Suzanne Collins Best Seller Network A Visit from the Goon Squad, Jennifer Egan
  • 11. What do you know about your characters? ● How many are there? ● How connected are they? ● How diverse are they?
  • 12. “If she can see it, she can be it.” - Geena Davis Institute on Gender and Media
  • 13. Turning Books into Numbers NAME # MENTIONS / 100K WORDS GENDER Jon 452.6782 M Tyrion 350.507 M Dany 229.2484 M Ramsay 174.555 M Asha 159.892 W Stannis 120.792 M
  • 14. Turning Books into Networks ● Nodes = Characters ● Edges = Interactions NAME 1 NAME 2 % POS %NEG %NEUTRAL POS:NEG VERBS Rickon Theon 3.618 4.605 49.671 0.7857 have be murder behead have be do lie have escape Stannis Aegon 2.34 1.563 46.09 1.5 burn have establish Stannis Jon 2.34 1.563 46.09 1.5 burn have establish
  • 15. Two Shortcomings: Gender Binary and Cultural Bias
  • 16. So what did we learn about characters in contemporary novels?
  • 18. Main Characters* * main character does not mean a protagonist necessarily, it is based on counts of names and pronouns * the Frozen phenomenon Overall, women make up only 39.6% of main characters in our data set Genre % Women Bestsellers 45 Science Fiction 43 Romance 42 Mystery 39 Prizewinners 38 NYT Reviewed 37 Young Adult 32
  • 19. Genre MM WW Prizewinners 77 31 Science Fiction 73 28 Mystery 70 28 Bestsellers 62 26 NYT Reviewed 74 23 YA 70 22 Romance 49 5 Top Pairs WW pairs make up only 12% of all top pairs in our data set. Romance novels are 10x more likely to have MM than WW as a top pair
  • 20. ● % women in top twenty: 35% ● % women in all characters: 18% ● At every character rank position, there are more men than women ● No significant difference across genres All Characters
  • 21. What does this mean for individual books? more men more women Ratio of 1:1 91% of books have more men than women
  • 22. The Effect of Author Gender 39.6% 12% Main Characters ALL AUTHORS Top Pairs
  • 23. The Effect of Author Gender 39.6% 12% 42%Main Characters Top Pairs ALL AUTHORS WOMEN AUTHORS
  • 24. The Effect of Author Gender 39.6% 12% 42% 20% Main Characters ALL AUTHORS WOMEN AUTHORS Top Pairs
  • 25. The Effect of Author Gender
  • 26. The Effect of Author Gender
  • 28. Assortativity: a score based on the number of pairs that are same gender (both MM and WW) compared to those that are mixed gendered Scores above 0 = More same gender than mixed gender Scores below 0 = More mixed gender than same gender Gender Assortativity
  • 29. ● All have negative scores ● This indicates a heteronormative network ● Favoring mix-gender interactions ● Other than Romance, there is no significant difference across genres Gender Assortativity
  • 31. Structural Balance ● Most common triangle type: WMM ● Least common triangle type: WWW ● There was no significant difference in the ratio of balanced to unbalanced triangles by gender type
  • 32. 1. Contemporary fiction favours characters that are men and more mixed-gender interactions. 2. This is consistent across all genres. 3. Just adding more women authors won’t solve the problem. Main Findings:
  • 33. Character Semantics: Why Gender Matters in Storytelling
  • 34. *CHAR indicates the character is more likely to be in a dependent relationship w/ another character Words by Gender
  • 37.
  • 40. How can we use data to foster more diverse representation of people in books?