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USA - PHILIPPINES
RELATIONS
Presentation By: Laititia C. Aycardo
AB POLSCI 3-1
Brief History
(300 years in convent 50 in Hollywood)
The Philippines became the first U.S. colony after Spain ceded the islands for $20 million in
1898. Then began a process U.S. President McKinley described as “benevolent assimilation.”
 “in large part because the early discourses were shaped by the Americans themselves
through media and public schools.”
American colonial policies supported traditional elites and feudal social relations that
continue to form the basis of today’s oligarchy.”
But colonization impacted Filipino popular culture too: a popular maxim is that the country
was shaped by 300 years in the convent and 50 years in Hollywood.
“The United States and the Philippines are
writing a new chapter in our storied alliance."
“The United States and the Philippines are writing a new
chapter in our storied alliance and building a multifaceted
relationship for the 21st century,” U.S. Secretary of State
Hillary Rodham Clinton said when she hosted a lunch
recently for President of the Republic of the Philippines
Benigno S. Aquino III at the State Department in
Washington, DC.
US – PHILIPPINES “friendship”
The real turning point in the relationship was World War II, when Americans and Filipinos fought
side-by-side against the Japanese, who attacked the Philippines immediately after Pearl Harbor.
Japan conquered the island, but US General Douglas McArthur vowed to return. He came ashore
with four US army divisions on the island of Leyte in late 1944, not far from where Typhoon
Haiyan came ashore.
The common effort against the Japanese greatly increased the American level of respect for the
Philippine people, and led to independence for the Philippines in 1946. Again, the US was sure
to keep hold of its bases. These proved to be of enormous use in the Cold War, supporting
operations in the Korean War, then in Vietnam and south-east Asia.
US – PHILIPPINES “friendship”
The base grew enormously in size, with millions of Americans passing through or flying missions
from there. In fact, the bases became small American towns, with schools, movie theaters, ball
parks and more.
But anti-colonial feelings remained strong in the Philippines. Protests broke out from time to
time, and a lot of negative publicity surrounded the red-light districts that flourished outside the
US bases.
In 1991, the US bases were devastated by the eruption of the Mt. Pinatubo volcano, just as a
typhoon hit. At the same time, the Philippine Senate, out of the blue, voted to block the renewal
of a new bases agreement, and within a year, the wrecked bases were abandoned. US forces
relocated to Guam and elsewhere. This did wonders for Philippine pride, but was considered
damaging to America's ability to project power in the western Pacific.
US – PHILIPPINES “friendship”
After the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, US-Philippines cooperation entered a new phase,
with US forces sent to help the Philippines military combat a Muslim insurgency in the south
with ties to al-Qaeda.
Then the Philippines became alarmed by a newly resurgent China, and got involved in a dispute
with Beijing over who has sovereignty over various islets in the South China Sea. This coincided
with President Barack Obama's "pivot to Asia" policy, and as of June, 2012, the US has been
granted permission to use military bases in the Philippines once again, and a semi-permanent
presence is envisaged.
So the US is back in the Philippines, but this time as an ally and guest rather than as a colonial
power. It's for that friendship, as well as common humanity, that the US is now providing much-
needed assistance to the victims of Typhoon Haiyan.
US – PHILIPPINES “friendship”
The connections between the Philippines and the U.S. run deep,
and have sometimes been fraught, but would be very difficult to
cut.
US – PHILIPPINES
“Friendship over?” 
Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte announced his military and economic “separation from
the United States.” America “had lost,” he said to applause in Beijing’s Great Hall of the
People.
Why?
Here’s Why.
US – PHILIPPINES
“Friendship over?” 
1. The Moro Massacre
When Obama nixed a meeting with Duterte on the sidelines of last month’s ASEAN summit, the
international press focused on how POTUS would take being called a “son of a whore.”
Lost in the furor, though, was Duterte’s big swing: the U.S., he said, hadn’t apologized for the 1906
Battle of Bud Dajo, in which American soldiers slaughtered as many as 1,000 Moro — Philippine
Muslims — holed up in an extinct volcano.
More recent atrocities have been committed against the Moro. Under dictator Ferdinand Marcos,
who ruled from 1965 to 1986, soldiers and state-sponsored paramilitary massacred hundreds of
Moro.
However, Richard Chu, an associate professor at the University of Massachusetts Amherst who
specializes in Philippine colonial history, tells TIME that by being selective about the atrocities he
recounted, Duterte would “be able to at least get the attention of the U.S. government, hopefully
resulting in more equitable treatment.”
US – PHILIPPINES
“Friendship over?” 
Defense Cooperation
The U.S. maintains the Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement with its former colony and backed
the Philippines’ Hague tribunal result, which contested Chinese territorial claims in the South China Sea.
Even after Duterte announced that this year’s joint drills would be the last, the military machine rolls on: when
the U.S. formally turned over the second of two C-130 planes on Monday, Philippine air-force chief Lieut. General
Edgar Fallorina told ABS-CBN the acquisition reaffirmed “the strong partnership between our two countries.”
But military ties have been a source of tension too. After 2006’s Subic rape case and the killing of 19-year-old
Filipino Jennifer Laude in 2014, the U.S. invoked the Visiting Forces Agreement, which activists denounced as
giving “special treatment” of U.S. personnel in relation “to second-class Filipino citizens.”
And while the President was in Beijing, activist Renato Reyes led a protest against U.S.-backed mining companies
and plantations that, he tells TIME, had encroached on indigenous people’s ancestral lands and against “a U.S.-
directed counterinsurgency program, which has caused militarization of many communities.”
US – PHILIPPINES
“Friendship again?” 
“ PHILIPPINES DEADLY DRUG WAR PRAISED BY US PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMPH SAYS
PRESIDENT RODRIGO DUTERTE”
THANK YOU !!!!!!
MABUHAAAAAY!!!!!!!!
Usa ph bff

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Usa ph bff

  • 1. USA - PHILIPPINES RELATIONS Presentation By: Laititia C. Aycardo AB POLSCI 3-1
  • 2. Brief History (300 years in convent 50 in Hollywood) The Philippines became the first U.S. colony after Spain ceded the islands for $20 million in 1898. Then began a process U.S. President McKinley described as “benevolent assimilation.”  “in large part because the early discourses were shaped by the Americans themselves through media and public schools.” American colonial policies supported traditional elites and feudal social relations that continue to form the basis of today’s oligarchy.” But colonization impacted Filipino popular culture too: a popular maxim is that the country was shaped by 300 years in the convent and 50 years in Hollywood.
  • 3. “The United States and the Philippines are writing a new chapter in our storied alliance." “The United States and the Philippines are writing a new chapter in our storied alliance and building a multifaceted relationship for the 21st century,” U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said when she hosted a lunch recently for President of the Republic of the Philippines Benigno S. Aquino III at the State Department in Washington, DC.
  • 4. US – PHILIPPINES “friendship” The real turning point in the relationship was World War II, when Americans and Filipinos fought side-by-side against the Japanese, who attacked the Philippines immediately after Pearl Harbor. Japan conquered the island, but US General Douglas McArthur vowed to return. He came ashore with four US army divisions on the island of Leyte in late 1944, not far from where Typhoon Haiyan came ashore. The common effort against the Japanese greatly increased the American level of respect for the Philippine people, and led to independence for the Philippines in 1946. Again, the US was sure to keep hold of its bases. These proved to be of enormous use in the Cold War, supporting operations in the Korean War, then in Vietnam and south-east Asia.
  • 5. US – PHILIPPINES “friendship” The base grew enormously in size, with millions of Americans passing through or flying missions from there. In fact, the bases became small American towns, with schools, movie theaters, ball parks and more. But anti-colonial feelings remained strong in the Philippines. Protests broke out from time to time, and a lot of negative publicity surrounded the red-light districts that flourished outside the US bases. In 1991, the US bases were devastated by the eruption of the Mt. Pinatubo volcano, just as a typhoon hit. At the same time, the Philippine Senate, out of the blue, voted to block the renewal of a new bases agreement, and within a year, the wrecked bases were abandoned. US forces relocated to Guam and elsewhere. This did wonders for Philippine pride, but was considered damaging to America's ability to project power in the western Pacific.
  • 6. US – PHILIPPINES “friendship” After the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, US-Philippines cooperation entered a new phase, with US forces sent to help the Philippines military combat a Muslim insurgency in the south with ties to al-Qaeda. Then the Philippines became alarmed by a newly resurgent China, and got involved in a dispute with Beijing over who has sovereignty over various islets in the South China Sea. This coincided with President Barack Obama's "pivot to Asia" policy, and as of June, 2012, the US has been granted permission to use military bases in the Philippines once again, and a semi-permanent presence is envisaged. So the US is back in the Philippines, but this time as an ally and guest rather than as a colonial power. It's for that friendship, as well as common humanity, that the US is now providing much- needed assistance to the victims of Typhoon Haiyan.
  • 7. US – PHILIPPINES “friendship” The connections between the Philippines and the U.S. run deep, and have sometimes been fraught, but would be very difficult to cut.
  • 8. US – PHILIPPINES “Friendship over?”  Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte announced his military and economic “separation from the United States.” America “had lost,” he said to applause in Beijing’s Great Hall of the People. Why? Here’s Why.
  • 9. US – PHILIPPINES “Friendship over?”  1. The Moro Massacre When Obama nixed a meeting with Duterte on the sidelines of last month’s ASEAN summit, the international press focused on how POTUS would take being called a “son of a whore.” Lost in the furor, though, was Duterte’s big swing: the U.S., he said, hadn’t apologized for the 1906 Battle of Bud Dajo, in which American soldiers slaughtered as many as 1,000 Moro — Philippine Muslims — holed up in an extinct volcano. More recent atrocities have been committed against the Moro. Under dictator Ferdinand Marcos, who ruled from 1965 to 1986, soldiers and state-sponsored paramilitary massacred hundreds of Moro. However, Richard Chu, an associate professor at the University of Massachusetts Amherst who specializes in Philippine colonial history, tells TIME that by being selective about the atrocities he recounted, Duterte would “be able to at least get the attention of the U.S. government, hopefully resulting in more equitable treatment.”
  • 10. US – PHILIPPINES “Friendship over?”  Defense Cooperation The U.S. maintains the Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement with its former colony and backed the Philippines’ Hague tribunal result, which contested Chinese territorial claims in the South China Sea. Even after Duterte announced that this year’s joint drills would be the last, the military machine rolls on: when the U.S. formally turned over the second of two C-130 planes on Monday, Philippine air-force chief Lieut. General Edgar Fallorina told ABS-CBN the acquisition reaffirmed “the strong partnership between our two countries.” But military ties have been a source of tension too. After 2006’s Subic rape case and the killing of 19-year-old Filipino Jennifer Laude in 2014, the U.S. invoked the Visiting Forces Agreement, which activists denounced as giving “special treatment” of U.S. personnel in relation “to second-class Filipino citizens.” And while the President was in Beijing, activist Renato Reyes led a protest against U.S.-backed mining companies and plantations that, he tells TIME, had encroached on indigenous people’s ancestral lands and against “a U.S.- directed counterinsurgency program, which has caused militarization of many communities.”
  • 11. US – PHILIPPINES “Friendship again?”  “ PHILIPPINES DEADLY DRUG WAR PRAISED BY US PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMPH SAYS PRESIDENT RODRIGO DUTERTE”