SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Before we begin!!!!!
Political: Who controls what? What type of
government is there? Anything to do with
laws or war.
Economic: What type of economy? How
do people make a living?
Geography: Where is it? Is the land
mountainous? Desert? Oceanic?
Social: Religious, intellectual, artistic,
culture and traditions
Ancient River Valley Civs
ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA
Oldest known
civilization
Cradle of Human
Civilization
Old Testament
Nebuchadnezzar
Ziggurat (right)
Hanging gardens
Geography
This civ rose in the
valleys between the
Tigris and
Euphrates rivers.
Some say this
Fertile Crescent
was the real Garden
of Eden.
In what modern day country was
the Fertile Crescent?
Ur, the capital city of
Mesopotamia
Political:What was the earliest kingdom
in Mesopotamia? The second?
Social
This is cuneiform.
Babylonians wrote
using this “wedge-
shaped” writing on
clay tablets.
The Sumerians
invented writing.
More cuneiform writing
More ziggurats
Hanging gardens of Babylonia
The ancient city of Babylon, under King Nebuchadnezzar
II, must have been a wonder to the traveler's eyes. "In
addition to its size," wrote Herodotus, a historian in 450
BC, "Babylon surpasses in splendor any city in the known
world."
Herodotus claimed the outer walls were 56 miles in length,
80 feet thick and 320 feet high. Wide enough, he said, to
allow a four-horse chariot to turn. The inner walls were "not
so thick as the first, but hardly less strong." Inside the walls
were fortresses and temples containing immense statues of
solid gold. Rising above the city was the famous
Tower of Babel, a temple to the god Marduk, that seemed
to reach to the heavens
Another painting of the hanging
gardens with Tower of Babel in back
Economic: trade and farming
Sumerians
(Mesopotamians) were
known to trade with
the Egyptians and the
Indus Valley
civilizations.
In later years, these
trade routes became
Silk Road.
Sumerians invented the wheel!
The wheel was
invented by 6000 BC!
It helped military,
farming and trade.
At right, this is made
of wood.
Political:Mesopotamian Law
Code of Hammurabi
“eye for an eye
tooth for a tooth”
That concludes
Mesopotamia.
Any questions before the quiz?
Mesopotamia
Political:What law system did Sumerians
use?
Economic: How did Mesopotamians earn a
living?
Geography:Between what 2 rivers did the
Fertile Crescent appear?
Social:What type of writing did they use?
Indus Valley civilization
G:What modern day countries
was the Indus Valley civ in?
Indus River Valley
This civ is still
mysterious.
The writing has not
been translated.
Indus River civilization
We do know the cities
were sophisticated
enough to have brick
walls surrounding
them for protection
against flooding from
the Indus River.
Various artifacts found
What are artifacts?
Indus Economy
Just like the other river
valley civs, the Indus
river valley people
were mostly farmers.
Traditional economy
They did trade with
Chinese and with
Sumerians
(Mesopotamians).
That concludes Indus River
Valley Civilization.
Get ready for the quiz.
Indus River Quiz
P: Why do we know so little of the power
structure in the Indus Valley?
E: How did the Indus make a living?
G:In what modern day country are the settlements
of the Indus River Valley civilization?
G:Why did the cities have so many walls?
S: How do Indus artifacts demonstrate that the the
the Indus Valley was sophisticated?
ANCIENT CHINA
Great Wall
Began 2000 B.C.
Mandate of
Heaven
Dynasties
Silk
astronomy
As in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and along the Indus River,
Chinese civilization began within a major river valley.
Modern China itself is a huge geographical expanse.
Around 4000 BC, this huge area contained an almost
infinite number of ethnic groups and languages. This
history, in which a vast area populated by diverse ethnic
groups became, over time, a more or less single culture,
began in the Yellow River Valley.
YellowRiver Civilization
G:Ancient China was
formed around the
Yellow River.
The color yellow
symbolized
“centrality”, as in
China is the center of
the world.
Chinese accomplishments
During the Zhou and
Shang periods, the
Chinese made
remarkable
achievements in
astronomy and
bronzework, learned
to make silk and
create books, and
developed a complex
system of writing
E:Chinese invented silk
Silk was exotic and
expensive, so it was
good for trading with
the rest of the world.
It is made from silk
worms.
Silk also makes
“paper”
Silk worm
S:Chinese astronomy
•2137 BC - Chinese book 书经 records the earliest known
solar eclipse on October 22.
•ca. 2000 BC - Chinese determine that Jupiter needs 12 years to
complete one revolution of its orbit.
•ca. 1400 BC - Chinese record the regularity of solar and
lunar eclipses and the earliest known solar variation日珥 .
•ca. 1200 BC - Chinese divide the sky into twenty eight regions
二十八宿 for recognitions of the stars.
•ca. 1100 BC - Chinese first determine the spring equinox 黄
赤交角 .
•776 BC - Chinese make the earliest reliably record of
solar eclipse.
In the Middle Ages the Arabs made known throughout
Muslim Spain a material which was to replace all its
predecessors. This was paper, whose manufacture they
imported from far distant and mysterious realm of China.
The first paper appeared in China about 200 BC. Its
name is derived from papyrus. Silk was transformed into
paper by a process of pasting, but because silk was
expensive, wool and cotton came to be used instead.
This invention was attributed to Ts'ai Lun.
In the picture above, the manufacturing process used by
the Chinese. They steeped mulberry or bamboo bark in
water, then kneaded it to produce a paste from which
they obtained smooth thin sheets of paper.
According to Chinese political theory, every dynasty
goes through the so-called dynastic cycle:
1.A new ruler unites China and founds a new
dynasty.
2.China, under the new dynasty, achieves prosperity
and a new golden age.
3.The royal family of the dynasty begins to decay,
corruption becomes rampant in the imperial court,
and the empire begins to enter decline and instability.
4.The dynasty loses the Mandate of Heaven, their
legitimacy to rule, and is overthrown by a rebellion.
The Mandate of Heaven is then passed to the next
dynasty
Ancient China
Chinese pyramids!!!!
The Great Wall of China was
built to keep the Mongols out.
Many died building it, and their
bodies were used as filler for it.
That concludes China.
Any questions before we take the
quiz?
Ancient China Quiz
P: In China, according to the dynastic cycle,
what happened to “bad kings”?
E: How did the Chinese earn a living?
G: What river was the earliest Chinese
civilization centered around?
S: What technological advancements did
the Chinese have?

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UPDATED Ancient Civilization of the World.pptx

  • 1. Before we begin!!!!! Political: Who controls what? What type of government is there? Anything to do with laws or war. Economic: What type of economy? How do people make a living? Geography: Where is it? Is the land mountainous? Desert? Oceanic? Social: Religious, intellectual, artistic, culture and traditions
  • 3. ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA Oldest known civilization Cradle of Human Civilization Old Testament Nebuchadnezzar Ziggurat (right) Hanging gardens
  • 4. Geography This civ rose in the valleys between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Some say this Fertile Crescent was the real Garden of Eden.
  • 5. In what modern day country was the Fertile Crescent?
  • 6.
  • 7. Ur, the capital city of Mesopotamia
  • 8. Political:What was the earliest kingdom in Mesopotamia? The second?
  • 9. Social This is cuneiform. Babylonians wrote using this “wedge- shaped” writing on clay tablets. The Sumerians invented writing.
  • 12.
  • 13. Hanging gardens of Babylonia
  • 14. The ancient city of Babylon, under King Nebuchadnezzar II, must have been a wonder to the traveler's eyes. "In addition to its size," wrote Herodotus, a historian in 450 BC, "Babylon surpasses in splendor any city in the known world." Herodotus claimed the outer walls were 56 miles in length, 80 feet thick and 320 feet high. Wide enough, he said, to allow a four-horse chariot to turn. The inner walls were "not so thick as the first, but hardly less strong." Inside the walls were fortresses and temples containing immense statues of solid gold. Rising above the city was the famous Tower of Babel, a temple to the god Marduk, that seemed to reach to the heavens
  • 15. Another painting of the hanging gardens with Tower of Babel in back
  • 16. Economic: trade and farming Sumerians (Mesopotamians) were known to trade with the Egyptians and the Indus Valley civilizations. In later years, these trade routes became Silk Road.
  • 17. Sumerians invented the wheel! The wheel was invented by 6000 BC! It helped military, farming and trade. At right, this is made of wood.
  • 18. Political:Mesopotamian Law Code of Hammurabi “eye for an eye tooth for a tooth”
  • 20. Mesopotamia Political:What law system did Sumerians use? Economic: How did Mesopotamians earn a living? Geography:Between what 2 rivers did the Fertile Crescent appear? Social:What type of writing did they use?
  • 22. G:What modern day countries was the Indus Valley civ in?
  • 23. Indus River Valley This civ is still mysterious. The writing has not been translated.
  • 24. Indus River civilization We do know the cities were sophisticated enough to have brick walls surrounding them for protection against flooding from the Indus River.
  • 27. Indus Economy Just like the other river valley civs, the Indus river valley people were mostly farmers. Traditional economy They did trade with Chinese and with Sumerians (Mesopotamians).
  • 28. That concludes Indus River Valley Civilization. Get ready for the quiz.
  • 29. Indus River Quiz P: Why do we know so little of the power structure in the Indus Valley? E: How did the Indus make a living? G:In what modern day country are the settlements of the Indus River Valley civilization? G:Why did the cities have so many walls? S: How do Indus artifacts demonstrate that the the the Indus Valley was sophisticated?
  • 30. ANCIENT CHINA Great Wall Began 2000 B.C. Mandate of Heaven Dynasties Silk astronomy
  • 31. As in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and along the Indus River, Chinese civilization began within a major river valley. Modern China itself is a huge geographical expanse. Around 4000 BC, this huge area contained an almost infinite number of ethnic groups and languages. This history, in which a vast area populated by diverse ethnic groups became, over time, a more or less single culture, began in the Yellow River Valley.
  • 32. YellowRiver Civilization G:Ancient China was formed around the Yellow River. The color yellow symbolized “centrality”, as in China is the center of the world.
  • 33. Chinese accomplishments During the Zhou and Shang periods, the Chinese made remarkable achievements in astronomy and bronzework, learned to make silk and create books, and developed a complex system of writing
  • 34. E:Chinese invented silk Silk was exotic and expensive, so it was good for trading with the rest of the world. It is made from silk worms. Silk also makes “paper”
  • 36. S:Chinese astronomy •2137 BC - Chinese book 书经 records the earliest known solar eclipse on October 22. •ca. 2000 BC - Chinese determine that Jupiter needs 12 years to complete one revolution of its orbit. •ca. 1400 BC - Chinese record the regularity of solar and lunar eclipses and the earliest known solar variation日珥 . •ca. 1200 BC - Chinese divide the sky into twenty eight regions 二十八宿 for recognitions of the stars. •ca. 1100 BC - Chinese first determine the spring equinox 黄 赤交角 . •776 BC - Chinese make the earliest reliably record of solar eclipse.
  • 37. In the Middle Ages the Arabs made known throughout Muslim Spain a material which was to replace all its predecessors. This was paper, whose manufacture they imported from far distant and mysterious realm of China. The first paper appeared in China about 200 BC. Its name is derived from papyrus. Silk was transformed into paper by a process of pasting, but because silk was expensive, wool and cotton came to be used instead. This invention was attributed to Ts'ai Lun. In the picture above, the manufacturing process used by the Chinese. They steeped mulberry or bamboo bark in water, then kneaded it to produce a paste from which they obtained smooth thin sheets of paper.
  • 38. According to Chinese political theory, every dynasty goes through the so-called dynastic cycle: 1.A new ruler unites China and founds a new dynasty. 2.China, under the new dynasty, achieves prosperity and a new golden age. 3.The royal family of the dynasty begins to decay, corruption becomes rampant in the imperial court, and the empire begins to enter decline and instability. 4.The dynasty loses the Mandate of Heaven, their legitimacy to rule, and is overthrown by a rebellion. The Mandate of Heaven is then passed to the next dynasty
  • 39.
  • 42. The Great Wall of China was built to keep the Mongols out.
  • 43. Many died building it, and their bodies were used as filler for it.
  • 44. That concludes China. Any questions before we take the quiz?
  • 45. Ancient China Quiz P: In China, according to the dynastic cycle, what happened to “bad kings”? E: How did the Chinese earn a living? G: What river was the earliest Chinese civilization centered around? S: What technological advancements did the Chinese have?