SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 13
Download to read offline
CHAPTER- 1
LESSON 2
THE SELF, SOCIETY AND
CULTURE
Introduction
Across time and history the self has been
debated, discussed and fruitfully
conceptualized by different thinkers in
philosophy. With the advent of social sciences,
it became possible for new ways and
paradigms to re-examine the true nature of
self. Tired of the ideas of ancient philosophers
regarding the body and the mind, thinkers
settled on the idea that whatever relationship
these two have is less important than the fact
that there is a self.
What is self?
In contemporary literature and in common
sense, self is equated to being separate, self
contained, independent, consistent, unitary, and
private.
 This means that self isdistinct from others,
unique and has own identity. Even twins have
their own self identity
 Its distinctiveness allows its being self contained
with own thoughts, independence ,
characteristics and volition.
 By consistency, it means that a particular self’s
traits , characteristics, tendencies, and
potentials are more or less the sama and can
be studies, described and measured.
 Sef is unitary- it is the center of all experiences
and thoughts that run through a certain
person.
 Being private – suggests that self is isolated
from the external world, living within its own,
however we see the clash between the self and
the external reality- that one can see that the
self is always at the mercy of the external
circumstances that bump and collide with it.
Social Constructivists Perspective of the Self
Social constructivists argue that self
not be seen as a static entity but rather as
something that is in unceasing flux , allowing
external influences to take part in its shaping.
The point is on understanding the vibrant
relationship between the self and the external
reality. This points out the merged view of
“the person” and their “social context” where
the boundaries of one cannot easily be
separated from the boundaries of the other.
The Self and Culture
What does this mean? (Remaining the same person
and turning into a chameleon adopting to one’s
context seems paradoxical)
According to a French anthropologist Marcel Mauss
every self has two faces: personne and moi. Moi-
refers to his sense of who he is, his bidy and his basic
identity and personne-social concepts of what it
means to be who he is. Personne has much to do
what it means to live in a particular institution,
particular family , particular religion, etc. One may
personne from time to time.
Sample shifts in personne:
 adjusting cultures in other
countries
Man courting a woman (tone and
mood)
When in church
 the use of language
Other adjustments in cultural ways
The Self and the Development of Social World
how do children growing up become social beings?
how do twins grow from the same mother turn out
so differently when given up for adoption?
more than his givenness (personality, tendencies,
propensities, among others) one is believed to be
active participation in the shaping of the self. The
unending terrain of the metamorphosis of the self is
mediated by language. Language is both publicly
shared and privately utilized symbol system is the
where the individual and the social make and
each other (Schwartz, White and Luke 1993)
MEAD and VYGOTSKY
For Mead and Vygotsky humans develop
through the use and acquisition of language
and interaction with others. The way
information is processed is a way of internal
dialogue in our head. “ Should I do this or
If I do this…Do I have other options?” In this
way cognitive and emotional mimicry of how
things are to be done in the social world is the
external reality where he is in.
The Self in Families
While every child is born with certain
givenness, disposition coming from his parents’
genes and general condition in life , the impact of
one’s family is still deemed as a given in
understanding the self. The kind of family that we
are born in , the resources available to us (human,
spiritual , economic) and the kind of development
that we will have will certainly affect the
development of the self. Our potential of
becoming human depends largely on the family
starting from birth and the nurturing times of
child.
• Human beings learn the ways of living and
therefore their selfhood by being in a family. How
kids are reared by a kind of reflect their behavior
and attitude. Some attitudes and behavior may be
indirectly taught through rewards and
punishments. Others, such as sexual behavior or
how to confront emotions are learned through
subtle means like the tone of the voice or
intonation of the models. Without a family ,
biologically and sociologically a person may not
even survive or become a human person. One is
who he is because of his family for the most part.
Gender and the Self
Gender is one of the loci 0f the self that is
subject to alteration, change and
We have observed how some people fought
hard to express, validate and assert their
gender rights. Conservatives frown upon this
and insist on the biological. From the point of
view of the social sciences and the self , it is
important to give one the leeway o find,
express and live his destiny. This forms part of
selfhood that one cannot just dismiss.
One maneuvers into the society and
identifies himself as who he is by also
taking note of gender identities. As part of
the culture, there are roles which are
expected from a particular person based
from his sex or gender, however slight
changes have been observed on the way
due to feminism and lesbian, gay, bisexual
and transgender(LGBT) activism but for
the most part patriarchy has remained to

More Related Content

Similar to Understanding the Self. The self, in contemporary literature and even common sense, is commonly defined by the following characteristics: "separate, self-contained independent, consistent, unitary, and private" (Stevens 1996).

Consequences of upward mobility
Consequences of upward mobilityConsequences of upward mobility
Consequences of upward mobility
Tochito007
 
PERSONAL-DEVELOPMENT-ppt.pptx
PERSONAL-DEVELOPMENT-ppt.pptxPERSONAL-DEVELOPMENT-ppt.pptx
PERSONAL-DEVELOPMENT-ppt.pptx
Kia Morales
 

Similar to Understanding the Self. The self, in contemporary literature and even common sense, is commonly defined by the following characteristics: "separate, self-contained independent, consistent, unitary, and private" (Stevens 1996). (20)

UNDERSTANDING-THE-SELF-Group-1.pptx
UNDERSTANDING-THE-SELF-Group-1.pptxUNDERSTANDING-THE-SELF-Group-1.pptx
UNDERSTANDING-THE-SELF-Group-1.pptx
 
Chapter 6
Chapter 6Chapter 6
Chapter 6
 
3 sociology
3 sociology3 sociology
3 sociology
 
SOCIALIZATION AND PERSONALITY & its factors
SOCIALIZATION AND PERSONALITY & its factorsSOCIALIZATION AND PERSONALITY & its factors
SOCIALIZATION AND PERSONALITY & its factors
 
Social Science 2 Culture and Personality.pptx
Social Science 2 Culture and Personality.pptxSocial Science 2 Culture and Personality.pptx
Social Science 2 Culture and Personality.pptx
 
What is Culture?
What is Culture?What is Culture?
What is Culture?
 
Sample Sociology Essay
Sample Sociology EssaySample Sociology Essay
Sample Sociology Essay
 
slide-1-topic-2-week-7-8issues-in-ccc.pptx
slide-1-topic-2-week-7-8issues-in-ccc.pptxslide-1-topic-2-week-7-8issues-in-ccc.pptx
slide-1-topic-2-week-7-8issues-in-ccc.pptx
 
Sociological-and-Anthropological-Perspectives-of-the-Self (1).pdf
Sociological-and-Anthropological-Perspectives-of-the-Self (1).pdfSociological-and-Anthropological-Perspectives-of-the-Self (1).pdf
Sociological-and-Anthropological-Perspectives-of-the-Self (1).pdf
 
Language Influence On Culture
Language Influence On CultureLanguage Influence On Culture
Language Influence On Culture
 
Society
SocietySociety
Society
 
Consequences of upward mobility
Consequences of upward mobilityConsequences of upward mobility
Consequences of upward mobility
 
PERSONAL-DEVELOPMENT-ppt.pptx
PERSONAL-DEVELOPMENT-ppt.pptxPERSONAL-DEVELOPMENT-ppt.pptx
PERSONAL-DEVELOPMENT-ppt.pptx
 
UTS-unit-3.pptx
UTS-unit-3.pptxUTS-unit-3.pptx
UTS-unit-3.pptx
 
Socialization and personality
Socialization and personalitySocialization and personality
Socialization and personality
 
Theories of Socialization
Theories of SocializationTheories of Socialization
Theories of Socialization
 
Humanities 31
Humanities 31Humanities 31
Humanities 31
 
Humanities 31
Humanities 31Humanities 31
Humanities 31
 
Humanities 31
Humanities 31Humanities 31
Humanities 31
 
UNIT 2 The Moral Agent.pdf
UNIT 2 The Moral Agent.pdfUNIT 2 The Moral Agent.pdf
UNIT 2 The Moral Agent.pdf
 

Recently uploaded

ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyesppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ashishpaul799
 
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
中 央社
 
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdffIATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
17thcssbs2
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45
Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45
Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45
 
Behavioral-sciences-dr-mowadat rana (1).pdf
Behavioral-sciences-dr-mowadat rana (1).pdfBehavioral-sciences-dr-mowadat rana (1).pdf
Behavioral-sciences-dr-mowadat rana (1).pdf
 
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjStl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
 
MichaelStarkes_UncutGemsProjectSummary.pdf
MichaelStarkes_UncutGemsProjectSummary.pdfMichaelStarkes_UncutGemsProjectSummary.pdf
MichaelStarkes_UncutGemsProjectSummary.pdf
 
An overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in HinduismAn overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
 
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptx
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptxAn Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptx
An Overview of the Odoo 17 Discuss App.pptx
 
philosophy and it's principles based on the life
philosophy and it's principles based on the lifephilosophy and it's principles based on the life
philosophy and it's principles based on the life
 
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17
 
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
 
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyesppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
ppt your views.ppt your views of your college in your eyes
 
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 InventoryHow to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
 
slides CapTechTalks Webinar May 2024 Alexander Perry.pptx
slides CapTechTalks Webinar May 2024 Alexander Perry.pptxslides CapTechTalks Webinar May 2024 Alexander Perry.pptx
slides CapTechTalks Webinar May 2024 Alexander Perry.pptx
 
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdfINU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
INU_CAPSTONEDESIGN_비밀번호486_업로드용 발표자료.pdf
 
Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).
Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).
Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).
 
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
 
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
 
Envelope of Discrepancy in Orthodontics: Enhancing Precision in Treatment
 Envelope of Discrepancy in Orthodontics: Enhancing Precision in Treatment Envelope of Discrepancy in Orthodontics: Enhancing Precision in Treatment
Envelope of Discrepancy in Orthodontics: Enhancing Precision in Treatment
 
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
 
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdffIATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
 

Understanding the Self. The self, in contemporary literature and even common sense, is commonly defined by the following characteristics: "separate, self-contained independent, consistent, unitary, and private" (Stevens 1996).

  • 1. CHAPTER- 1 LESSON 2 THE SELF, SOCIETY AND CULTURE
  • 2. Introduction Across time and history the self has been debated, discussed and fruitfully conceptualized by different thinkers in philosophy. With the advent of social sciences, it became possible for new ways and paradigms to re-examine the true nature of self. Tired of the ideas of ancient philosophers regarding the body and the mind, thinkers settled on the idea that whatever relationship these two have is less important than the fact that there is a self.
  • 3. What is self? In contemporary literature and in common sense, self is equated to being separate, self contained, independent, consistent, unitary, and private.  This means that self isdistinct from others, unique and has own identity. Even twins have their own self identity  Its distinctiveness allows its being self contained with own thoughts, independence , characteristics and volition.
  • 4.  By consistency, it means that a particular self’s traits , characteristics, tendencies, and potentials are more or less the sama and can be studies, described and measured.  Sef is unitary- it is the center of all experiences and thoughts that run through a certain person.  Being private – suggests that self is isolated from the external world, living within its own, however we see the clash between the self and the external reality- that one can see that the self is always at the mercy of the external circumstances that bump and collide with it.
  • 5. Social Constructivists Perspective of the Self Social constructivists argue that self not be seen as a static entity but rather as something that is in unceasing flux , allowing external influences to take part in its shaping. The point is on understanding the vibrant relationship between the self and the external reality. This points out the merged view of “the person” and their “social context” where the boundaries of one cannot easily be separated from the boundaries of the other.
  • 6. The Self and Culture What does this mean? (Remaining the same person and turning into a chameleon adopting to one’s context seems paradoxical) According to a French anthropologist Marcel Mauss every self has two faces: personne and moi. Moi- refers to his sense of who he is, his bidy and his basic identity and personne-social concepts of what it means to be who he is. Personne has much to do what it means to live in a particular institution, particular family , particular religion, etc. One may personne from time to time.
  • 7. Sample shifts in personne:  adjusting cultures in other countries Man courting a woman (tone and mood) When in church  the use of language Other adjustments in cultural ways
  • 8. The Self and the Development of Social World how do children growing up become social beings? how do twins grow from the same mother turn out so differently when given up for adoption? more than his givenness (personality, tendencies, propensities, among others) one is believed to be active participation in the shaping of the self. The unending terrain of the metamorphosis of the self is mediated by language. Language is both publicly shared and privately utilized symbol system is the where the individual and the social make and each other (Schwartz, White and Luke 1993)
  • 9. MEAD and VYGOTSKY For Mead and Vygotsky humans develop through the use and acquisition of language and interaction with others. The way information is processed is a way of internal dialogue in our head. “ Should I do this or If I do this…Do I have other options?” In this way cognitive and emotional mimicry of how things are to be done in the social world is the external reality where he is in.
  • 10. The Self in Families While every child is born with certain givenness, disposition coming from his parents’ genes and general condition in life , the impact of one’s family is still deemed as a given in understanding the self. The kind of family that we are born in , the resources available to us (human, spiritual , economic) and the kind of development that we will have will certainly affect the development of the self. Our potential of becoming human depends largely on the family starting from birth and the nurturing times of child.
  • 11. • Human beings learn the ways of living and therefore their selfhood by being in a family. How kids are reared by a kind of reflect their behavior and attitude. Some attitudes and behavior may be indirectly taught through rewards and punishments. Others, such as sexual behavior or how to confront emotions are learned through subtle means like the tone of the voice or intonation of the models. Without a family , biologically and sociologically a person may not even survive or become a human person. One is who he is because of his family for the most part.
  • 12. Gender and the Self Gender is one of the loci 0f the self that is subject to alteration, change and We have observed how some people fought hard to express, validate and assert their gender rights. Conservatives frown upon this and insist on the biological. From the point of view of the social sciences and the self , it is important to give one the leeway o find, express and live his destiny. This forms part of selfhood that one cannot just dismiss.
  • 13. One maneuvers into the society and identifies himself as who he is by also taking note of gender identities. As part of the culture, there are roles which are expected from a particular person based from his sex or gender, however slight changes have been observed on the way due to feminism and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender(LGBT) activism but for the most part patriarchy has remained to