SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Malaysia, with a population of 24 million, is facing an
increase of the generation and accumulation of waste. This
development is causing social, economic and environmental
problems at a significant level. Individuals, industries,
municipals, state and federal governments are concerned
because improper waste management leads to health
problems for local communities. Moreover, poor visual
appearance has negative impacts on official visits and
tourism. These problems are particularly serious in areas
where intensive urbanization and population concentration
lead to an increase of solid wastes and to a decrease of
available land suitable for disposal.
INTRODUCTION
What are Wastes?
Waste (also known as rubbish, trash, refuse, garbage, junk, litter, and
ort) is unwanted or useless materials. In biology, waste is any of the
many unwanted substances or toxins that are expelled from living
organisms, metabolic waste; such as urea and sweat.
Basel Convention Definition of Wastes
“substances or objects which are disposed of or are intended to
be disposed of or are required to be disposed of by the
provisions of the law”
Disposal means
“any operation which may lead to resource recovery, recycling,
reclamation, direct re-use or alternative uses (Annex IVB of the
Basel convention)”
Kinds of Wastes
Solid wastes: wastes in solid forms, domestic, commercial and
industrial wastes
Examples: plastics, styrofoam containers, bottles,
cans, papers, scrap iron, and other trash
Liquid Wastes: wastes in liquid form
Examples: domestic washings, chemicals, oils, waste
water from ponds, manufacturing industries
and other sources
WASTE GENERATION IN
MALAYSIA
o Malaysia, like most of the developing countries, is facing an increase of
the generation of waste and of accompanying problems with the disposal
of this waste
o Overall, the local communities generate 16,000 tons of domestic waste
per day and the amounts per capita vary from 0.45 to 1.44 kg per day
depending on the economic status of the areas concerned
o Waste is grouped into three different categories in respect of disposal –
solid waste, medical waste and hazardous waste.
o 64 % of the waste is domestic waste. The share of industrial waste stands
at 15 %, followed by commercial waste and construction and institution
waste.
COLLECTION AND TRANSFER
• There is both door-to-door collection and indirect collection, with
containers or communal bins placed near markets, in apartment
complexes, and inother appropriate locations for haulage to
transfer stations and disposal sites by special waste vehicles.
• For areas where collection and transfer services are operated by
private waste companies such as Alam Flora Sdn. Bhd. and
Kualiti Alam Sdn. Bhd., collection and transfer are more
capitalintensive and mechanized. The container sizes are
standardized, as are collection vehicles and large-site containers,
which may also be fitted with compactor
• private companiesare are being invited to bid for privatization-
cum-concession agreements for municipal solid waste
management services. Private companies are allowed to form
joint venture companies with foreign waste management
companies
The Waste Disposal
System
o Presently, there are three types of waste disposal categories – solid waste
disposal and incineration, medical waste incineration and hazardous waste
incineration.
o the federal and state governments are now considering to build
incinerator plants in major cities and towns. Incineration has the potential
to solve the problem of landfilling as the original volumeand weight of
wastes may be reduced up to 95 % and 75 % respectively.
o The government also introduced a new law on solid waste management
where the principal processes options are being classified in a system for
integrated waste management.Within this system, there is the following
hierarchy: waste minimization, reuse, material recycling, energy recovery
and landfill
o Beside this, the Malaysian government also launched a recycling campaign
in December 2000 which sets the long term target of recycling 22 % of the
waste generated by 2020
o For clinical waste, the Malaysian government has made it a national policy
that all clinical waste must be incinerated
o Currently, there are 5 regional medical waste incinerators with capacities of
20 to 500 kg/hour and seven small on-site medical waste incinerators with
capacities of 20 to 50 kg/hour
o All medical incinerators are built on the premises of the waste generators in
order to decrease handling process and exposure of labor to clinical waste
o Organic waste is burnt in the incineration plant while acidic and basic
inorganic fluids are exposed to chemical treatment that neutralize them and
remove substances such as chromium and cyanide
Problems and Challenges of Waste Management in
Malaysia
o The waste management in Malaysia displays an array of problems, including low
collection coverage on average due to the inaccessibility by vehicles of some areas,
irregular collection services, inadequate equipment used for waste collection, crude
open dumping and burning without air and water pollution control, inadequate legal
provisions and resources constraints
o Institutional constraints are among these problems. Even though several agencies
such as the State Department of the Environment and municipal councils are involved
in waste management, they often have no clear functions in relation to waste
management and there is no single agency designated to coordinate their projects
and activities
o The lack of coordination among the relevant agencies often results in duplication of
efforts in waste management, wasting of resources, and unsustainability of overall
waste management programs
o The lack of effective legislation for waste management is partially responsible for ill
defined functions of the agencies and the lack of coordination among them
o Technical constraints are also causing a problem because there is a lack of human
resources at both national and local levels with technical expertise necessary for solid
waste management planning and operation
o Many government officers involved in solid waste management at the local and
national level have little or no technical background nor training in engineering or
management.
o there is a lack of overall plans for solid waste management at the local and national
levels. As a result, a solid waste technology is often selected without due consideration
to its appropriateness in the overall solid waste management system
MALAYSIA ENVIRONMENT
POLICY
 Malaysia’s overall environmental policy objectives, since the Third Malaysian
Plan (1976-1980), have always intended to balance the goals of socio-
economic development and the need to bring the benefits of development to a
wide spectrum of population, keeping in mind the maintenance of sound
environmental conditions.
 The objectives of environmental management in Malaysia continue to be
based on fundamental policy directives elucidated in the Fifth and Sixth
Malaysian Plan, and as follows:
1. To maintain a clean and healthy environment
2. To maintain the quality of the environment relative to the needs of the growing population
3. To minimize the impact of the growing population and human activities relating to mineral
exploration, deforestation, agriculture, urbanization, tourism and the development of other
environmental resources
4. To balance the goal for socio-economic development and the need to bring the benefits of
development to a wide spectrum of the population, keeping in mind the maintenance of sound
environmental conditions
5. To place more emphasis on prevention through conservation rather than on the curative measure,
inter alia by preserving the country’s unique and diverse cultural and natural heritage
6. To incorporate an environment dimension in project planning and implementation, inter alia by
determining the implications of the proposed projects and the cost of the required environmental
mitigation measures.
STRATEGIES IN ENVIRONMENT
MANAGEMENT
 Short-term measures effectively implemented the existing legislation to
control discharges and emissions from existing sources.
 The medium-term strategy involved the incorporation of an environmental
component into the development planning process.
 The long-term strategy ensures that all development contain both physical
environment and quality of life aspects in their planning.
 The act is the most comprehensive legislation to date for pollution
prevention, abatement and control as well as for environment enhancement.
 The enforcement of this act and the accompanying 16 sets of Regulations
and Orders has played a significant role in the management of the
environment, and in particular, with respect to pollution control.
IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES
 Monitoring and Enforcement
- Monitoring is done on a regular basis in order to collect and compile
environmental data that is required for the assessment of the state of the
environment.
- The assessment is basically a prerequisite to enforcement action. The highest
priority of such action is given to the most critical area and thus, the major
contributing sources of pollution
 Enforcement
1. Control of Mobile Sources
2. Control of Agro-Based Prescribed and Non-Prescribed Premises
3. Schedule Waste Management
 Monitoring
1. Water Quality Monitoring
2. Noise and Air Quality Monitoring
“By recycling almost 8 million tons of metals (which includes aluminum, steel, and
mixed metals), we eliminated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions totaling more than
26 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MMTCO2E). This is equivalent
to removing more than 5 million cars from the road for one year.”
CONCLUSION
Even though the Malaysian government has tried to reduce waste
through its own recycling programs, its policy seems to be less
efficient because there is a lack of clear guidance. Many households
in Malaysia have insufficient knowledge about waste separation.
Beside this, funding arrangements are still under debate as it is
unclear who should pay for the management of waste. Using tax
money instead of fees for waste management seems not to set
incentives for reducing waste. Hence, it appears that the current
policy and system are more resulting from reacting to the problem
of increasing waste, in particular in urban areas, and less from
taking a proactive stand in respect of tackling the problem at its
root. Setting clear guidelines about the objectives of waste
management and adopting certain principles would allow for such a
proactive stand.

More Related Content

What's hot

Ppp in management of solid waste at municipal11
Ppp in management of solid waste at municipal11Ppp in management of solid waste at municipal11
Ppp in management of solid waste at municipal11
Pokhara University, Pokhara, Nepal
 
Social and Environmental Assessment of Solid Waste Management Scenarios in Cali
Social and Environmental Assessment of Solid Waste Management Scenarios in CaliSocial and Environmental Assessment of Solid Waste Management Scenarios in Cali
Social and Environmental Assessment of Solid Waste Management Scenarios in Cali
andrea_diaz7
 
Municipal solid waste generation, composition, and management in the Douala m...
Municipal solid waste generation, composition, and management in the Douala m...Municipal solid waste generation, composition, and management in the Douala m...
Municipal solid waste generation, composition, and management in the Douala m...
Premier Publishers
 
Ppp in waste management
Ppp in waste managementPpp in waste management
Ppp in waste management
Praveen Kumar Agarwal
 
PPP in SWM
PPP in SWMPPP in SWM
PPP in SWM
Ramesh Satyam
 
Solid waste management china kenfack 2017
Solid waste management china kenfack 2017Solid waste management china kenfack 2017
Solid waste management china kenfack 2017
Urcil-Papito KENFACK ESSOUGONG
 
ASSESSMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT STATUS IN PATNA
ASSESSMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT STATUS IN PATNAASSESSMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT STATUS IN PATNA
ASSESSMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT STATUS IN PATNA
Prashant .
 
50644147 solid-waste-management
50644147 solid-waste-management50644147 solid-waste-management
50644147 solid-waste-management
creambutter
 
Project on hazardous waste sacodi
Project on hazardous waste sacodiProject on hazardous waste sacodi
Project on hazardous waste sacodi
Bhargavi Rao
 
Hall2C Wednesday 11h15 - Dr Sudhakar Muniyasamy
Hall2C Wednesday 11h15 - Dr Sudhakar MuniyasamyHall2C Wednesday 11h15 - Dr Sudhakar Muniyasamy
Hall2C Wednesday 11h15 - Dr Sudhakar Muniyasamy
7391456
 
Solid Waste Managememnt of Vadodara City
Solid Waste Managememnt of Vadodara CitySolid Waste Managememnt of Vadodara City
Solid Waste Managememnt of Vadodara City
Ayushi Chaturvedi
 
Plastics in the Circular Economy
Plastics in the Circular EconomyPlastics in the Circular Economy
Plastics in the Circular Economy
Partners for Innovation BV
 
UniGam
UniGamUniGam
City of Toronto - LTWMS - April 4 -3Rs Presentation - Waste Diversion in Home...
City of Toronto - LTWMS - April 4 -3Rs Presentation - Waste Diversion in Home...City of Toronto - LTWMS - April 4 -3Rs Presentation - Waste Diversion in Home...
City of Toronto - LTWMS - April 4 -3Rs Presentation - Waste Diversion in Home...
Toronto Public Consultation Unit
 
Shinichi Sakai wcef2018
Shinichi Sakai wcef2018Shinichi Sakai wcef2018
Shinichi Sakai wcef2018
WorldCircularEconomyForum2018
 
IJCER (www.ijceronline.com) International Journal of computational Engineeri...
 IJCER (www.ijceronline.com) International Journal of computational Engineeri... IJCER (www.ijceronline.com) International Journal of computational Engineeri...
IJCER (www.ijceronline.com) International Journal of computational Engineeri...
ijceronline
 
IRJET- Solid Waste Management Efficiency in Kabul City
IRJET- Solid Waste Management Efficiency in Kabul CityIRJET- Solid Waste Management Efficiency in Kabul City
IRJET- Solid Waste Management Efficiency in Kabul City
IRJET Journal
 
India - solid waste, disasters and informal recyclers - CHINTAN
India - solid waste, disasters and informal recyclers - CHINTANIndia - solid waste, disasters and informal recyclers - CHINTAN
India - solid waste, disasters and informal recyclers - CHINTAN
Strengthening Climate Resilience
 
Iswm
IswmIswm
Waste management india-sample
Waste management india-sampleWaste management india-sample
Waste management india-sample
Palanikani Manikandan
 

What's hot (20)

Ppp in management of solid waste at municipal11
Ppp in management of solid waste at municipal11Ppp in management of solid waste at municipal11
Ppp in management of solid waste at municipal11
 
Social and Environmental Assessment of Solid Waste Management Scenarios in Cali
Social and Environmental Assessment of Solid Waste Management Scenarios in CaliSocial and Environmental Assessment of Solid Waste Management Scenarios in Cali
Social and Environmental Assessment of Solid Waste Management Scenarios in Cali
 
Municipal solid waste generation, composition, and management in the Douala m...
Municipal solid waste generation, composition, and management in the Douala m...Municipal solid waste generation, composition, and management in the Douala m...
Municipal solid waste generation, composition, and management in the Douala m...
 
Ppp in waste management
Ppp in waste managementPpp in waste management
Ppp in waste management
 
PPP in SWM
PPP in SWMPPP in SWM
PPP in SWM
 
Solid waste management china kenfack 2017
Solid waste management china kenfack 2017Solid waste management china kenfack 2017
Solid waste management china kenfack 2017
 
ASSESSMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT STATUS IN PATNA
ASSESSMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT STATUS IN PATNAASSESSMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT STATUS IN PATNA
ASSESSMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT STATUS IN PATNA
 
50644147 solid-waste-management
50644147 solid-waste-management50644147 solid-waste-management
50644147 solid-waste-management
 
Project on hazardous waste sacodi
Project on hazardous waste sacodiProject on hazardous waste sacodi
Project on hazardous waste sacodi
 
Hall2C Wednesday 11h15 - Dr Sudhakar Muniyasamy
Hall2C Wednesday 11h15 - Dr Sudhakar MuniyasamyHall2C Wednesday 11h15 - Dr Sudhakar Muniyasamy
Hall2C Wednesday 11h15 - Dr Sudhakar Muniyasamy
 
Solid Waste Managememnt of Vadodara City
Solid Waste Managememnt of Vadodara CitySolid Waste Managememnt of Vadodara City
Solid Waste Managememnt of Vadodara City
 
Plastics in the Circular Economy
Plastics in the Circular EconomyPlastics in the Circular Economy
Plastics in the Circular Economy
 
UniGam
UniGamUniGam
UniGam
 
City of Toronto - LTWMS - April 4 -3Rs Presentation - Waste Diversion in Home...
City of Toronto - LTWMS - April 4 -3Rs Presentation - Waste Diversion in Home...City of Toronto - LTWMS - April 4 -3Rs Presentation - Waste Diversion in Home...
City of Toronto - LTWMS - April 4 -3Rs Presentation - Waste Diversion in Home...
 
Shinichi Sakai wcef2018
Shinichi Sakai wcef2018Shinichi Sakai wcef2018
Shinichi Sakai wcef2018
 
IJCER (www.ijceronline.com) International Journal of computational Engineeri...
 IJCER (www.ijceronline.com) International Journal of computational Engineeri... IJCER (www.ijceronline.com) International Journal of computational Engineeri...
IJCER (www.ijceronline.com) International Journal of computational Engineeri...
 
IRJET- Solid Waste Management Efficiency in Kabul City
IRJET- Solid Waste Management Efficiency in Kabul CityIRJET- Solid Waste Management Efficiency in Kabul City
IRJET- Solid Waste Management Efficiency in Kabul City
 
India - solid waste, disasters and informal recyclers - CHINTAN
India - solid waste, disasters and informal recyclers - CHINTANIndia - solid waste, disasters and informal recyclers - CHINTAN
India - solid waste, disasters and informal recyclers - CHINTAN
 
Iswm
IswmIswm
Iswm
 
Waste management india-sample
Waste management india-sampleWaste management india-sample
Waste management india-sample
 

Similar to Understanding Environmental Degradation under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati.

Greening of the solid waste management in batangas city
Greening of the solid waste management in batangas cityGreening of the solid waste management in batangas city
Greening of the solid waste management in batangas city
Alexander Decker
 
Solid Waste Management
Solid Waste ManagementSolid Waste Management
Solid Waste Management
mihretdananto
 
Climate Change and Solid Waste Management.pptx
Climate Change and Solid Waste Management.pptxClimate Change and Solid Waste Management.pptx
Climate Change and Solid Waste Management.pptx
dicefredeluces
 
Hazardous waste in Bangladesh
Hazardous waste in BangladeshHazardous waste in Bangladesh
Hazardous waste in Bangladesh
AktaruzzamanHasan
 
week 7 LP Env't Protection , Recovery and Sustainability.pptx
week 7 LP Env't Protection , Recovery and Sustainability.pptxweek 7 LP Env't Protection , Recovery and Sustainability.pptx
week 7 LP Env't Protection , Recovery and Sustainability.pptx
MariaRowenaFlores
 
Interior services unit 4
Interior services unit 4Interior services unit 4
Interior services unit 4
ctlachu
 
CONCLUSION.pptx
CONCLUSION.pptxCONCLUSION.pptx
CONCLUSION.pptx
JOANAMANAOG1
 
Solid waste management and its effects on economical Growth
Solid waste management and its effects on economical GrowthSolid waste management and its effects on economical Growth
Solid waste management and its effects on economical Growth
Sekhar Babu Venkata Velpuri
 
Solid waste management practices in Pakistan and Solutions for proper managem...
Solid waste management practices in Pakistan and Solutions for proper managem...Solid waste management practices in Pakistan and Solutions for proper managem...
Solid waste management practices in Pakistan and Solutions for proper managem...
cutiepie39
 
National sanitation _policy
National sanitation _policyNational sanitation _policy
National sanitation _policy
Malik Khalid Mehmood
 
Module 11A Solid Waste Management- Lampitoc, S.pptx
Module 11A Solid Waste Management- Lampitoc, S.pptxModule 11A Solid Waste Management- Lampitoc, S.pptx
Module 11A Solid Waste Management- Lampitoc, S.pptx
KentFado
 
Swm ethiopia
Swm ethiopiaSwm ethiopia
Swm ethiopia
Fikru Tessema
 
Intro Lecture GS 970 (1) (2) 2.pptx
Intro Lecture GS 970 (1) (2) 2.pptxIntro Lecture GS 970 (1) (2) 2.pptx
Intro Lecture GS 970 (1) (2) 2.pptx
DrPerryBTizon
 
Solid waste management
Solid waste managementSolid waste management
Solid waste management
FirshaSaleem
 
Solid waste management model
Solid waste management modelSolid waste management model
Solid waste management model
Eshwari P
 
Murrindindi_Shire_Council_Waste_and_Resource_Recovery_Strategy_2014-2019_Final
Murrindindi_Shire_Council_Waste_and_Resource_Recovery_Strategy_2014-2019_FinalMurrindindi_Shire_Council_Waste_and_Resource_Recovery_Strategy_2014-2019_Final
Murrindindi_Shire_Council_Waste_and_Resource_Recovery_Strategy_2014-2019_Final
Sarah James
 
Report on solid waste management
Report on solid waste managementReport on solid waste management
Report on solid waste management
KalashAggarwal3
 
The State of Philippine Environment
The State of Philippine EnvironmentThe State of Philippine Environment
The State of Philippine Environment
Department of Education - Philippines
 
Iwms & master plan
Iwms & master planIwms & master plan
Iwms & master plan
Elham Aziz
 
Ganga Action Plan (1).pptx
Ganga Action Plan (1).pptxGanga Action Plan (1).pptx
Ganga Action Plan (1).pptx
VandanaAgrawa1
 

Similar to Understanding Environmental Degradation under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati. (20)

Greening of the solid waste management in batangas city
Greening of the solid waste management in batangas cityGreening of the solid waste management in batangas city
Greening of the solid waste management in batangas city
 
Solid Waste Management
Solid Waste ManagementSolid Waste Management
Solid Waste Management
 
Climate Change and Solid Waste Management.pptx
Climate Change and Solid Waste Management.pptxClimate Change and Solid Waste Management.pptx
Climate Change and Solid Waste Management.pptx
 
Hazardous waste in Bangladesh
Hazardous waste in BangladeshHazardous waste in Bangladesh
Hazardous waste in Bangladesh
 
week 7 LP Env't Protection , Recovery and Sustainability.pptx
week 7 LP Env't Protection , Recovery and Sustainability.pptxweek 7 LP Env't Protection , Recovery and Sustainability.pptx
week 7 LP Env't Protection , Recovery and Sustainability.pptx
 
Interior services unit 4
Interior services unit 4Interior services unit 4
Interior services unit 4
 
CONCLUSION.pptx
CONCLUSION.pptxCONCLUSION.pptx
CONCLUSION.pptx
 
Solid waste management and its effects on economical Growth
Solid waste management and its effects on economical GrowthSolid waste management and its effects on economical Growth
Solid waste management and its effects on economical Growth
 
Solid waste management practices in Pakistan and Solutions for proper managem...
Solid waste management practices in Pakistan and Solutions for proper managem...Solid waste management practices in Pakistan and Solutions for proper managem...
Solid waste management practices in Pakistan and Solutions for proper managem...
 
National sanitation _policy
National sanitation _policyNational sanitation _policy
National sanitation _policy
 
Module 11A Solid Waste Management- Lampitoc, S.pptx
Module 11A Solid Waste Management- Lampitoc, S.pptxModule 11A Solid Waste Management- Lampitoc, S.pptx
Module 11A Solid Waste Management- Lampitoc, S.pptx
 
Swm ethiopia
Swm ethiopiaSwm ethiopia
Swm ethiopia
 
Intro Lecture GS 970 (1) (2) 2.pptx
Intro Lecture GS 970 (1) (2) 2.pptxIntro Lecture GS 970 (1) (2) 2.pptx
Intro Lecture GS 970 (1) (2) 2.pptx
 
Solid waste management
Solid waste managementSolid waste management
Solid waste management
 
Solid waste management model
Solid waste management modelSolid waste management model
Solid waste management model
 
Murrindindi_Shire_Council_Waste_and_Resource_Recovery_Strategy_2014-2019_Final
Murrindindi_Shire_Council_Waste_and_Resource_Recovery_Strategy_2014-2019_FinalMurrindindi_Shire_Council_Waste_and_Resource_Recovery_Strategy_2014-2019_Final
Murrindindi_Shire_Council_Waste_and_Resource_Recovery_Strategy_2014-2019_Final
 
Report on solid waste management
Report on solid waste managementReport on solid waste management
Report on solid waste management
 
The State of Philippine Environment
The State of Philippine EnvironmentThe State of Philippine Environment
The State of Philippine Environment
 
Iwms & master plan
Iwms & master planIwms & master plan
Iwms & master plan
 
Ganga Action Plan (1).pptx
Ganga Action Plan (1).pptxGanga Action Plan (1).pptx
Ganga Action Plan (1).pptx
 

More from sbgjbritishcouncil

A global Influence of Tagore's work under ISA by the students of SBGJ.
A global Influence of Tagore's work under ISA by the students of SBGJ.A global Influence of Tagore's work under ISA by the students of SBGJ.
A global Influence of Tagore's work under ISA by the students of SBGJ.
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
Tagore (1)
Tagore (1)Tagore (1)
Tagore (1)
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
A study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of S...
A study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of S...A study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of S...
A study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of S...
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
A study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of SBGJA study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of SBGJ
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
Study
StudyStudy
Comparative study of harvest festivals in India and Africa under ISA by the s...
Comparative study of harvest festivals in India and Africa under ISA by the s...Comparative study of harvest festivals in India and Africa under ISA by the s...
Comparative study of harvest festivals in India and Africa under ISA by the s...
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
A study of the local tribes of Assam - Mishing under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A study of the local tribes of Assam - Mishing under ISA by the students of SBGJA study of the local tribes of Assam - Mishing under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A study of the local tribes of Assam - Mishing under ISA by the students of SBGJ
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
A study of the local tribes of Assam - Bodo under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A study of the local tribes of Assam - Bodo under ISA by the students of SBGJA study of the local tribes of Assam - Bodo under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A study of the local tribes of Assam - Bodo under ISA by the students of SBGJ
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
Classical dance and music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati
Classical dance and music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, GuwahatiClassical dance and music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati
Classical dance and music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
Classical Dance and Music under I
Classical Dance and Music under IClassical Dance and Music under I
Classical Dance and Music under I
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
Comparative study of Harvest Festivals in India & Africa
Comparative study of Harvest Festivals in India & AfricaComparative study of Harvest Festivals in India & Africa
Comparative study of Harvest Festivals in India & Africa
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
Classical Dance and Music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati
Classical Dance and Music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati Classical Dance and Music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati
Classical Dance and Music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
A visit to Jonbeel Mela under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A visit to Jonbeel Mela under ISA by the students of SBGJA visit to Jonbeel Mela under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A visit to Jonbeel Mela under ISA by the students of SBGJ
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
Comparative study of worldwide currencies
Comparative study of worldwide currenciesComparative study of worldwide currencies
Comparative study of worldwide currencies
sbgjbritishcouncil
 
Comparative study of worldwide currencies
Comparative study of worldwide currenciesComparative study of worldwide currencies
Comparative study of worldwide currencies
sbgjbritishcouncil
 

More from sbgjbritishcouncil (20)

A global Influence of Tagore's work under ISA by the students of SBGJ.
A global Influence of Tagore's work under ISA by the students of SBGJ.A global Influence of Tagore's work under ISA by the students of SBGJ.
A global Influence of Tagore's work under ISA by the students of SBGJ.
 
Tagore (1)
Tagore (1)Tagore (1)
Tagore (1)
 
A study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of S...
A study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of S...A study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of S...
A study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of S...
 
A study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of SBGJA study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A study of the local tribes of Assam and Egypt under ISA by the students of SBGJ
 
Study
StudyStudy
Study
 
Comparative study of harvest festivals in India and Africa under ISA by the s...
Comparative study of harvest festivals in India and Africa under ISA by the s...Comparative study of harvest festivals in India and Africa under ISA by the s...
Comparative study of harvest festivals in India and Africa under ISA by the s...
 
A study of the local tribes of Assam - Mishing under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A study of the local tribes of Assam - Mishing under ISA by the students of SBGJA study of the local tribes of Assam - Mishing under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A study of the local tribes of Assam - Mishing under ISA by the students of SBGJ
 
A study of the local tribes of Assam - Bodo under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A study of the local tribes of Assam - Bodo under ISA by the students of SBGJA study of the local tribes of Assam - Bodo under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A study of the local tribes of Assam - Bodo under ISA by the students of SBGJ
 
Classical dance and music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati
Classical dance and music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, GuwahatiClassical dance and music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati
Classical dance and music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1
 
Classical Dance and Music under I
Classical Dance and Music under IClassical Dance and Music under I
Classical Dance and Music under I
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1
 
Comparative study of Harvest Festivals in India & Africa
Comparative study of Harvest Festivals in India & AfricaComparative study of Harvest Festivals in India & Africa
Comparative study of Harvest Festivals in India & Africa
 
Classical Dance and Music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati
Classical Dance and Music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati Classical Dance and Music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati
Classical Dance and Music under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati
 
A visit to Jonbeel Mela under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A visit to Jonbeel Mela under ISA by the students of SBGJA visit to Jonbeel Mela under ISA by the students of SBGJ
A visit to Jonbeel Mela under ISA by the students of SBGJ
 
Comparative study of worldwide currencies
Comparative study of worldwide currenciesComparative study of worldwide currencies
Comparative study of worldwide currencies
 
Comparative study of worldwide currencies
Comparative study of worldwide currenciesComparative study of worldwide currencies
Comparative study of worldwide currencies
 

Recently uploaded

BASIC CONCEPT OF ENVIRONMENT AND DIFFERENT CONSTITUTENET OF ENVIRONMENT
BASIC CONCEPT OF ENVIRONMENT AND DIFFERENT CONSTITUTENET OF ENVIRONMENTBASIC CONCEPT OF ENVIRONMENT AND DIFFERENT CONSTITUTENET OF ENVIRONMENT
BASIC CONCEPT OF ENVIRONMENT AND DIFFERENT CONSTITUTENET OF ENVIRONMENT
AmitKumar619042
 
原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
p2npnqp
 
按照学校原版(UAL文凭证书)伦敦艺术大学毕业证快速办理
按照学校原版(UAL文凭证书)伦敦艺术大学毕业证快速办理按照学校原版(UAL文凭证书)伦敦艺术大学毕业证快速办理
按照学校原版(UAL文凭证书)伦敦艺术大学毕业证快速办理
xeexm
 
Biomimicry in agriculture: Nature-Inspired Solutions for a Greener Future
Biomimicry in agriculture: Nature-Inspired Solutions for a Greener FutureBiomimicry in agriculture: Nature-Inspired Solutions for a Greener Future
Biomimicry in agriculture: Nature-Inspired Solutions for a Greener Future
Dr. P.B.Dharmasena
 
在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样
在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样
在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样
pjq9n1lk
 
Improving the viability of probiotics by encapsulation methods for developmen...
Improving the viability of probiotics by encapsulation methods for developmen...Improving the viability of probiotics by encapsulation methods for developmen...
Improving the viability of probiotics by encapsulation methods for developmen...
Open Access Research Paper
 
Environment Conservation Rules 2023 (ECR)-2023.pptx
Environment Conservation Rules 2023 (ECR)-2023.pptxEnvironment Conservation Rules 2023 (ECR)-2023.pptx
Environment Conservation Rules 2023 (ECR)-2023.pptx
neilsencassidy
 
PACKAGING OF FROZEN FOODS ( food technology)
PACKAGING OF FROZEN FOODS  ( food technology)PACKAGING OF FROZEN FOODS  ( food technology)
PACKAGING OF FROZEN FOODS ( food technology)
Addu25809
 
REPORT-PRESENTATION BY CHIEF SECRETARY, ANDAMAN NICOBAR ADMINISTRATION IN OA ...
REPORT-PRESENTATION BY CHIEF SECRETARY, ANDAMAN NICOBAR ADMINISTRATION IN OA ...REPORT-PRESENTATION BY CHIEF SECRETARY, ANDAMAN NICOBAR ADMINISTRATION IN OA ...
REPORT-PRESENTATION BY CHIEF SECRETARY, ANDAMAN NICOBAR ADMINISTRATION IN OA ...
pareeksulkash
 
Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...
Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...
Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...
Joshua Orris
 
Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...
Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...
Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...
Open Access Research Paper
 
一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理
一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理
一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理
yxfus
 
原版制作(Manitoba毕业证书)曼尼托巴大学毕业证学位证一模一样
原版制作(Manitoba毕业证书)曼尼托巴大学毕业证学位证一模一样原版制作(Manitoba毕业证书)曼尼托巴大学毕业证学位证一模一样
原版制作(Manitoba毕业证书)曼尼托巴大学毕业证学位证一模一样
mvrpcz6
 
world-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptx
world-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptxworld-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptx
world-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptx
mfasna35
 
Evolving Lifecycles with High Resolution Site Characterization (HRSC) and 3-D...
Evolving Lifecycles with High Resolution Site Characterization (HRSC) and 3-D...Evolving Lifecycles with High Resolution Site Characterization (HRSC) and 3-D...
Evolving Lifecycles with High Resolution Site Characterization (HRSC) and 3-D...
Joshua Orris
 
快速办理(Calabria毕业证书)卡拉布里亚大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
快速办理(Calabria毕业证书)卡拉布里亚大学毕业证在读证明一模一样快速办理(Calabria毕业证书)卡拉布里亚大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
快速办理(Calabria毕业证书)卡拉布里亚大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
astuz
 
学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样
学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样
学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样
ehfyqtu
 
Lessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approaches
Lessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approachesLessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approaches
Lessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approaches
CIFOR-ICRAF
 

Recently uploaded (18)

BASIC CONCEPT OF ENVIRONMENT AND DIFFERENT CONSTITUTENET OF ENVIRONMENT
BASIC CONCEPT OF ENVIRONMENT AND DIFFERENT CONSTITUTENET OF ENVIRONMENTBASIC CONCEPT OF ENVIRONMENT AND DIFFERENT CONSTITUTENET OF ENVIRONMENT
BASIC CONCEPT OF ENVIRONMENT AND DIFFERENT CONSTITUTENET OF ENVIRONMENT
 
原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
原版制作(Newcastle毕业证书)纽卡斯尔大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
 
按照学校原版(UAL文凭证书)伦敦艺术大学毕业证快速办理
按照学校原版(UAL文凭证书)伦敦艺术大学毕业证快速办理按照学校原版(UAL文凭证书)伦敦艺术大学毕业证快速办理
按照学校原版(UAL文凭证书)伦敦艺术大学毕业证快速办理
 
Biomimicry in agriculture: Nature-Inspired Solutions for a Greener Future
Biomimicry in agriculture: Nature-Inspired Solutions for a Greener FutureBiomimicry in agriculture: Nature-Inspired Solutions for a Greener Future
Biomimicry in agriculture: Nature-Inspired Solutions for a Greener Future
 
在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样
在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样
在线办理(lboro毕业证书)拉夫堡大学毕业证学历证书一模一样
 
Improving the viability of probiotics by encapsulation methods for developmen...
Improving the viability of probiotics by encapsulation methods for developmen...Improving the viability of probiotics by encapsulation methods for developmen...
Improving the viability of probiotics by encapsulation methods for developmen...
 
Environment Conservation Rules 2023 (ECR)-2023.pptx
Environment Conservation Rules 2023 (ECR)-2023.pptxEnvironment Conservation Rules 2023 (ECR)-2023.pptx
Environment Conservation Rules 2023 (ECR)-2023.pptx
 
PACKAGING OF FROZEN FOODS ( food technology)
PACKAGING OF FROZEN FOODS  ( food technology)PACKAGING OF FROZEN FOODS  ( food technology)
PACKAGING OF FROZEN FOODS ( food technology)
 
REPORT-PRESENTATION BY CHIEF SECRETARY, ANDAMAN NICOBAR ADMINISTRATION IN OA ...
REPORT-PRESENTATION BY CHIEF SECRETARY, ANDAMAN NICOBAR ADMINISTRATION IN OA ...REPORT-PRESENTATION BY CHIEF SECRETARY, ANDAMAN NICOBAR ADMINISTRATION IN OA ...
REPORT-PRESENTATION BY CHIEF SECRETARY, ANDAMAN NICOBAR ADMINISTRATION IN OA ...
 
Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...
Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...
Optimizing Post Remediation Groundwater Performance with Enhanced Microbiolog...
 
Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...
Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...
Kinetic studies on malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions by A...
 
一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理
一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理
一比一原版西澳大学毕业证学历证书如何办理
 
原版制作(Manitoba毕业证书)曼尼托巴大学毕业证学位证一模一样
原版制作(Manitoba毕业证书)曼尼托巴大学毕业证学位证一模一样原版制作(Manitoba毕业证书)曼尼托巴大学毕业证学位证一模一样
原版制作(Manitoba毕业证书)曼尼托巴大学毕业证学位证一模一样
 
world-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptx
world-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptxworld-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptx
world-environment-day-2024-240601103559-14f4c0b4.pptx
 
Evolving Lifecycles with High Resolution Site Characterization (HRSC) and 3-D...
Evolving Lifecycles with High Resolution Site Characterization (HRSC) and 3-D...Evolving Lifecycles with High Resolution Site Characterization (HRSC) and 3-D...
Evolving Lifecycles with High Resolution Site Characterization (HRSC) and 3-D...
 
快速办理(Calabria毕业证书)卡拉布里亚大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
快速办理(Calabria毕业证书)卡拉布里亚大学毕业证在读证明一模一样快速办理(Calabria毕业证书)卡拉布里亚大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
快速办理(Calabria毕业证书)卡拉布里亚大学毕业证在读证明一模一样
 
学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样
学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样
学校原版(unuk学位证书)英国牛津布鲁克斯大学毕业证硕士文凭原版一模一样
 
Lessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approaches
Lessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approachesLessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approaches
Lessons from operationalizing integrated landscape approaches
 

Understanding Environmental Degradation under ISA by the students of SBGJ, Guwahati.

  • 1.
  • 2. Malaysia, with a population of 24 million, is facing an increase of the generation and accumulation of waste. This development is causing social, economic and environmental problems at a significant level. Individuals, industries, municipals, state and federal governments are concerned because improper waste management leads to health problems for local communities. Moreover, poor visual appearance has negative impacts on official visits and tourism. These problems are particularly serious in areas where intensive urbanization and population concentration lead to an increase of solid wastes and to a decrease of available land suitable for disposal. INTRODUCTION
  • 3. What are Wastes? Waste (also known as rubbish, trash, refuse, garbage, junk, litter, and ort) is unwanted or useless materials. In biology, waste is any of the many unwanted substances or toxins that are expelled from living organisms, metabolic waste; such as urea and sweat. Basel Convention Definition of Wastes “substances or objects which are disposed of or are intended to be disposed of or are required to be disposed of by the provisions of the law” Disposal means “any operation which may lead to resource recovery, recycling, reclamation, direct re-use or alternative uses (Annex IVB of the Basel convention)”
  • 4. Kinds of Wastes Solid wastes: wastes in solid forms, domestic, commercial and industrial wastes Examples: plastics, styrofoam containers, bottles, cans, papers, scrap iron, and other trash Liquid Wastes: wastes in liquid form Examples: domestic washings, chemicals, oils, waste water from ponds, manufacturing industries and other sources
  • 5. WASTE GENERATION IN MALAYSIA o Malaysia, like most of the developing countries, is facing an increase of the generation of waste and of accompanying problems with the disposal of this waste o Overall, the local communities generate 16,000 tons of domestic waste per day and the amounts per capita vary from 0.45 to 1.44 kg per day depending on the economic status of the areas concerned o Waste is grouped into three different categories in respect of disposal – solid waste, medical waste and hazardous waste. o 64 % of the waste is domestic waste. The share of industrial waste stands at 15 %, followed by commercial waste and construction and institution waste.
  • 7. • There is both door-to-door collection and indirect collection, with containers or communal bins placed near markets, in apartment complexes, and inother appropriate locations for haulage to transfer stations and disposal sites by special waste vehicles. • For areas where collection and transfer services are operated by private waste companies such as Alam Flora Sdn. Bhd. and Kualiti Alam Sdn. Bhd., collection and transfer are more capitalintensive and mechanized. The container sizes are standardized, as are collection vehicles and large-site containers, which may also be fitted with compactor • private companiesare are being invited to bid for privatization- cum-concession agreements for municipal solid waste management services. Private companies are allowed to form joint venture companies with foreign waste management companies
  • 8. The Waste Disposal System o Presently, there are three types of waste disposal categories – solid waste disposal and incineration, medical waste incineration and hazardous waste incineration. o the federal and state governments are now considering to build incinerator plants in major cities and towns. Incineration has the potential to solve the problem of landfilling as the original volumeand weight of wastes may be reduced up to 95 % and 75 % respectively. o The government also introduced a new law on solid waste management where the principal processes options are being classified in a system for integrated waste management.Within this system, there is the following hierarchy: waste minimization, reuse, material recycling, energy recovery and landfill
  • 9. o Beside this, the Malaysian government also launched a recycling campaign in December 2000 which sets the long term target of recycling 22 % of the waste generated by 2020 o For clinical waste, the Malaysian government has made it a national policy that all clinical waste must be incinerated o Currently, there are 5 regional medical waste incinerators with capacities of 20 to 500 kg/hour and seven small on-site medical waste incinerators with capacities of 20 to 50 kg/hour o All medical incinerators are built on the premises of the waste generators in order to decrease handling process and exposure of labor to clinical waste o Organic waste is burnt in the incineration plant while acidic and basic inorganic fluids are exposed to chemical treatment that neutralize them and remove substances such as chromium and cyanide
  • 10. Problems and Challenges of Waste Management in Malaysia o The waste management in Malaysia displays an array of problems, including low collection coverage on average due to the inaccessibility by vehicles of some areas, irregular collection services, inadequate equipment used for waste collection, crude open dumping and burning without air and water pollution control, inadequate legal provisions and resources constraints o Institutional constraints are among these problems. Even though several agencies such as the State Department of the Environment and municipal councils are involved in waste management, they often have no clear functions in relation to waste management and there is no single agency designated to coordinate their projects and activities o The lack of coordination among the relevant agencies often results in duplication of efforts in waste management, wasting of resources, and unsustainability of overall waste management programs
  • 11. o The lack of effective legislation for waste management is partially responsible for ill defined functions of the agencies and the lack of coordination among them o Technical constraints are also causing a problem because there is a lack of human resources at both national and local levels with technical expertise necessary for solid waste management planning and operation o Many government officers involved in solid waste management at the local and national level have little or no technical background nor training in engineering or management. o there is a lack of overall plans for solid waste management at the local and national levels. As a result, a solid waste technology is often selected without due consideration to its appropriateness in the overall solid waste management system
  • 12. MALAYSIA ENVIRONMENT POLICY  Malaysia’s overall environmental policy objectives, since the Third Malaysian Plan (1976-1980), have always intended to balance the goals of socio- economic development and the need to bring the benefits of development to a wide spectrum of population, keeping in mind the maintenance of sound environmental conditions.  The objectives of environmental management in Malaysia continue to be based on fundamental policy directives elucidated in the Fifth and Sixth Malaysian Plan, and as follows: 1. To maintain a clean and healthy environment 2. To maintain the quality of the environment relative to the needs of the growing population 3. To minimize the impact of the growing population and human activities relating to mineral exploration, deforestation, agriculture, urbanization, tourism and the development of other environmental resources 4. To balance the goal for socio-economic development and the need to bring the benefits of development to a wide spectrum of the population, keeping in mind the maintenance of sound environmental conditions 5. To place more emphasis on prevention through conservation rather than on the curative measure, inter alia by preserving the country’s unique and diverse cultural and natural heritage 6. To incorporate an environment dimension in project planning and implementation, inter alia by determining the implications of the proposed projects and the cost of the required environmental mitigation measures.
  • 13. STRATEGIES IN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT  Short-term measures effectively implemented the existing legislation to control discharges and emissions from existing sources.  The medium-term strategy involved the incorporation of an environmental component into the development planning process.  The long-term strategy ensures that all development contain both physical environment and quality of life aspects in their planning.  The act is the most comprehensive legislation to date for pollution prevention, abatement and control as well as for environment enhancement.  The enforcement of this act and the accompanying 16 sets of Regulations and Orders has played a significant role in the management of the environment, and in particular, with respect to pollution control.
  • 14. IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES  Monitoring and Enforcement - Monitoring is done on a regular basis in order to collect and compile environmental data that is required for the assessment of the state of the environment. - The assessment is basically a prerequisite to enforcement action. The highest priority of such action is given to the most critical area and thus, the major contributing sources of pollution  Enforcement 1. Control of Mobile Sources 2. Control of Agro-Based Prescribed and Non-Prescribed Premises 3. Schedule Waste Management  Monitoring 1. Water Quality Monitoring 2. Noise and Air Quality Monitoring
  • 15. “By recycling almost 8 million tons of metals (which includes aluminum, steel, and mixed metals), we eliminated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions totaling more than 26 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MMTCO2E). This is equivalent to removing more than 5 million cars from the road for one year.”
  • 16. CONCLUSION Even though the Malaysian government has tried to reduce waste through its own recycling programs, its policy seems to be less efficient because there is a lack of clear guidance. Many households in Malaysia have insufficient knowledge about waste separation. Beside this, funding arrangements are still under debate as it is unclear who should pay for the management of waste. Using tax money instead of fees for waste management seems not to set incentives for reducing waste. Hence, it appears that the current policy and system are more resulting from reacting to the problem of increasing waste, in particular in urban areas, and less from taking a proactive stand in respect of tackling the problem at its root. Setting clear guidelines about the objectives of waste management and adopting certain principles would allow for such a proactive stand.