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Not Your Grandfather’s DOT: The FDOT District 5 and PennDOT Experiences 
pro walk pro bike pro place | 9.9.2014
Question 
What best describes your area of specialty 
a. Land Use 
b. Transportation 
c. Economics 
d. All of the above 
e. None of the above
Linking Planning and NEPA: 
Integrating Land Use and Transportation & More… 
Pro Walk Pro Bike Pro Place Pittsburgh, PA September 9, 2014 
Steven B. Deck, AICP Parsons Brinckerhoff Camp Hill, PA 
Brian D. Hare, P.E. 
PennDOT 
Program Center
PA Planning Framework:
Only 50-60% have zoning 
Nearly 2,600 municipalities 
67 counties 
24 MPOs/RPOs 
11 PennDOT Engineering Districts 
Only county comprehensive plans required 
Municipalities regulate land use 
Land Use/Transportation Integration Challenges: 
Many municipalities lack full-time staff
PennDOT Educational Efforts:
14% 
4% 
21% 
20% 
41% 
Adopted plan or ordinance 
Considered adoption of a plan or ordinance 
Still considering adoption of plans or ordinances 
Private sector - work with municipalities or counties using the training tools 
No action taken 
PennDOT Educational Outcomes:
Educating local officials on integrated transportation and land use 
Addressing community goals through transportation planning & programming 
Integrating regional transportation planning with localized land use management 
Incentivizing multimodal, non-conventional transportation solutions 
Building partnerships for comprehensive solutions 
Ongoing Integration Challenges:
Primary Objectives of LPN 
Changing the Rules 
Where we’ve been… 
Where we’re going… 
Content for Discussion 
1 
2 
3 
4
Primary Objectives of 
Linking Planning and NEPA 
1
More than 4,000 of Pennsylvania’s bridges are structurally deficient. 
Pennsylvania ranks last in the nation in this statistic.
Photographer: penywise. Used through license agreement with morguefile.com 
Limited Financial Resources.
Transportation Technology is changing
Public Expectations are changing
Changing the Rules 
2 
“….Partnering to build great communities for future generations of Pennsylvanians by linking transportation investments and land use planning and decision making.”
Changing the Rules 
Smart Transportation Guidebook 
•Flexible design on all projects 
•Increase coordination with local municipalities 
•Link land use contexts and roadway design values
Money counts 
Choose projects with high value/price ratio 
Enhance the Local Network 
Look beyond level-of-service 
Safety first and maybe safety only 
Accommodate all modes 
Leverage and preserve existing investments 
Build towns not sprawl 
Develop local governments as strong land use partners 
Understand the context; plan and design within the context 
Land Use, Transportation & Livability Themes
Understand the Context in Planning 
Context MUST consider: 
Land Use 
Community 
Environment 
Transportation 
Financial 
Integrating the New Approach
Linking Planning and NEPA 
Where we’ve been… 
3
• Increasing Collaboration 
• Earlier Collaboration 
• Following the Process 
Linking Planning and NEPA Implementation 
2 
1 
3
Development of the New Process 
•2009 – 5 Regional Workshops 
•2010 – 2 Regional Summits Intensive COLLABORATION….. 
Linking Planning and NEPA Implementation
Intensive Collaboration…. 
Linking Planning and NEPA Implementation 
•15 Metropolitan Planning Organizations 
•8 Regional Planning Organizations 
•Environmental Resource Agencies 
•11 Engineering District Offices 
•Central Office Technical Staff
The Process Framework for Change 
Linking Planning with NEPA
FINAL PRODUCTS…..September 2010 
Linking Planning and NEPA Implementation
Linking Planning and NEPA 
•LPN Goals 
–“Connect” Planning and NEPA 
–Incorporate Smart Transportation into our Process 
–Improved Joint Responsibility for Financial Planning 
–Streamline the Environmental Process 
–Select Best Value Projects
Level 2 Screening Form
Level 2 Screening – Environmental Data
Level 2 Screening – Design Criteria
Linking Planning and NEPA 
•LPN Objectives…… 
–Define the Purpose and Need 
–Better understanding of Scope 
–Better handle on the Schedule 
–Better handle on the Budget
Linking Planning and NEPA What we’re hearing… 
4
3 Years into the LPN Process 
•What we’re hearing… 
–All Districts and Planning Partners have implemented the Process 
–Good starting point for PM’s when assigned a project 
–Encourages communication between Districts and MPO/RPOs 
–A few Districts have met with MPO/RPOs to agree on the process of completing forms
3 Years into the LPN Process 
•What we’re hearing… 
–Large amount of time up front, presumably saves time in the end 
–Don’t see value in having forms for every project 
–Straight forward rehab or replacement project should not necessarily need a form
3 Years into the LPN Process 
•What we’re hearing… 
–What is the need for involving MPO/RPOs on maintenance/asset management type projects? 
–Many counties (esp. rural) are not involved in the process 
– Ped/Bike information is important to identify demand for accommodations
Linking Planning and NEPA 
Where we’re going… 
5
Where we’re going… 
•Learning from our experiences 
•Implementing best practices 
•Revising the policies/practices, accordingly 
•Focusing on the value 
•Greater effort on the right projects versus minimal effort on ALL projects…
2008 Transportation Planning Excellence Award 
2012 National Environmental Excellence Award 
Category of Planning 
NATIONAL RECOGNITION
THANK YOU!

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Not Your Grandfather's DOT: The FDOT District 5 and PennDOT Experiences--Brian Hare

  • 1. Not Your Grandfather’s DOT: The FDOT District 5 and PennDOT Experiences pro walk pro bike pro place | 9.9.2014
  • 2. Question What best describes your area of specialty a. Land Use b. Transportation c. Economics d. All of the above e. None of the above
  • 3. Linking Planning and NEPA: Integrating Land Use and Transportation & More… Pro Walk Pro Bike Pro Place Pittsburgh, PA September 9, 2014 Steven B. Deck, AICP Parsons Brinckerhoff Camp Hill, PA Brian D. Hare, P.E. PennDOT Program Center
  • 5. Only 50-60% have zoning Nearly 2,600 municipalities 67 counties 24 MPOs/RPOs 11 PennDOT Engineering Districts Only county comprehensive plans required Municipalities regulate land use Land Use/Transportation Integration Challenges: Many municipalities lack full-time staff
  • 7. 14% 4% 21% 20% 41% Adopted plan or ordinance Considered adoption of a plan or ordinance Still considering adoption of plans or ordinances Private sector - work with municipalities or counties using the training tools No action taken PennDOT Educational Outcomes:
  • 8. Educating local officials on integrated transportation and land use Addressing community goals through transportation planning & programming Integrating regional transportation planning with localized land use management Incentivizing multimodal, non-conventional transportation solutions Building partnerships for comprehensive solutions Ongoing Integration Challenges:
  • 9. Primary Objectives of LPN Changing the Rules Where we’ve been… Where we’re going… Content for Discussion 1 2 3 4
  • 10. Primary Objectives of Linking Planning and NEPA 1
  • 11. More than 4,000 of Pennsylvania’s bridges are structurally deficient. Pennsylvania ranks last in the nation in this statistic.
  • 12. Photographer: penywise. Used through license agreement with morguefile.com Limited Financial Resources.
  • 15. Changing the Rules 2 “….Partnering to build great communities for future generations of Pennsylvanians by linking transportation investments and land use planning and decision making.”
  • 16. Changing the Rules Smart Transportation Guidebook •Flexible design on all projects •Increase coordination with local municipalities •Link land use contexts and roadway design values
  • 17. Money counts Choose projects with high value/price ratio Enhance the Local Network Look beyond level-of-service Safety first and maybe safety only Accommodate all modes Leverage and preserve existing investments Build towns not sprawl Develop local governments as strong land use partners Understand the context; plan and design within the context Land Use, Transportation & Livability Themes
  • 18. Understand the Context in Planning Context MUST consider: Land Use Community Environment Transportation Financial Integrating the New Approach
  • 19. Linking Planning and NEPA Where we’ve been… 3
  • 20. • Increasing Collaboration • Earlier Collaboration • Following the Process Linking Planning and NEPA Implementation 2 1 3
  • 21. Development of the New Process •2009 – 5 Regional Workshops •2010 – 2 Regional Summits Intensive COLLABORATION….. Linking Planning and NEPA Implementation
  • 22. Intensive Collaboration…. Linking Planning and NEPA Implementation •15 Metropolitan Planning Organizations •8 Regional Planning Organizations •Environmental Resource Agencies •11 Engineering District Offices •Central Office Technical Staff
  • 23. The Process Framework for Change Linking Planning with NEPA
  • 24. FINAL PRODUCTS…..September 2010 Linking Planning and NEPA Implementation
  • 25. Linking Planning and NEPA •LPN Goals –“Connect” Planning and NEPA –Incorporate Smart Transportation into our Process –Improved Joint Responsibility for Financial Planning –Streamline the Environmental Process –Select Best Value Projects
  • 27. Level 2 Screening – Environmental Data
  • 28. Level 2 Screening – Design Criteria
  • 29. Linking Planning and NEPA •LPN Objectives…… –Define the Purpose and Need –Better understanding of Scope –Better handle on the Schedule –Better handle on the Budget
  • 30. Linking Planning and NEPA What we’re hearing… 4
  • 31. 3 Years into the LPN Process •What we’re hearing… –All Districts and Planning Partners have implemented the Process –Good starting point for PM’s when assigned a project –Encourages communication between Districts and MPO/RPOs –A few Districts have met with MPO/RPOs to agree on the process of completing forms
  • 32. 3 Years into the LPN Process •What we’re hearing… –Large amount of time up front, presumably saves time in the end –Don’t see value in having forms for every project –Straight forward rehab or replacement project should not necessarily need a form
  • 33. 3 Years into the LPN Process •What we’re hearing… –What is the need for involving MPO/RPOs on maintenance/asset management type projects? –Many counties (esp. rural) are not involved in the process – Ped/Bike information is important to identify demand for accommodations
  • 34. Linking Planning and NEPA Where we’re going… 5
  • 35. Where we’re going… •Learning from our experiences •Implementing best practices •Revising the policies/practices, accordingly •Focusing on the value •Greater effort on the right projects versus minimal effort on ALL projects…
  • 36. 2008 Transportation Planning Excellence Award 2012 National Environmental Excellence Award Category of Planning NATIONAL RECOGNITION