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Transport: CO2 conditions during transport
Risks of transport by trains, ships, and pipelines
Stephan Kurth
Apr. 2024
2
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CO2 Transport System Configuration
Transport│Kurtz│MS Teams│22/04/2024
3
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Considerations
Priority: safe and efficient transport, continous and under constant conditions
● Transport Route
‒ Distance
‒ Site
‒ Transportation Infrastructure
● CO2 Stream
‒ Quantity and Quality (Impurities)
‒ Conditions, Mode
● Technical Reliability, Design Features
● Legal Requirements
● Risks, Uncertainties
● Costs
Transport│Kurtz│MS Teams│22/04/2024
4
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Transport Modes and Capacities
Transport│Kurtz│MS Teams│22/04/2024
gas
liquid
solid
supercritical
dense
Adaption
(Natural
Gas Grid)
New
Design
Transport Mode Conditions Capacity
Roadway liquid 1,7 – 2 MPa
243 – 253 K
18 t (car)
Railway liquid 0,65 – 2,6 MPa
223 – 253 K
62 t (car)
Marine
Ships
liquid 0,65 – 4,5 MPa
221 – 283 K
20 (40) Mt
(ship)
Pipeline vapor /
dense
4,8 – 20 MPa
283 – 307 K
Characteristics of Transportation Systems
Pressure at seabed well head: 10,5 MPaG
5
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Technical Risks
Challenges
● development of a new and significantly enhanced CO2 transport infrastructure
● change of CO2 transport mode and conditions (transport in subcritical/dense phase)
● conversion of existing infrastructure (natural gas) for the transport of CO2 (as possible)
● adverse effects of impurities in the CO2 stream
● implementation of adapted design specifications and standards
Risks and Fault Mechanisms  Cracks, Rupture  Leakage, Sudden Release
● corrosion, degradation, chemical reaction
● technical failures followed by loss of function, system breakdown, energy constraints
● human failures
● external hazards
Transport│Kurtz│MS Teams│22/04/2024
6
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Significance of Impurities
Impurities in the CO2 stream can influence ...
• transport conditions
• transport grid
• corrosion mechanisms
• material properties
• explosion / fire risks
• hazards to human health
and the environment
• controle, surveillance
Transport│Kurtz│MS Teams│22/04/2024
www.oeko.de
Thank you for your attention!
Questions
?

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Transport: CO2 conditions during transport - Risks of transport by trains, ships, and pipelines

  • 1. www.oeko.de Transport: CO2 conditions during transport Risks of transport by trains, ships, and pipelines Stephan Kurth Apr. 2024
  • 2. 2 www.oeko.de CO2 Transport System Configuration Transport│Kurtz│MS Teams│22/04/2024
  • 3. 3 www.oeko.de Considerations Priority: safe and efficient transport, continous and under constant conditions ● Transport Route ‒ Distance ‒ Site ‒ Transportation Infrastructure ● CO2 Stream ‒ Quantity and Quality (Impurities) ‒ Conditions, Mode ● Technical Reliability, Design Features ● Legal Requirements ● Risks, Uncertainties ● Costs Transport│Kurtz│MS Teams│22/04/2024
  • 4. 4 www.oeko.de Transport Modes and Capacities Transport│Kurtz│MS Teams│22/04/2024 gas liquid solid supercritical dense Adaption (Natural Gas Grid) New Design Transport Mode Conditions Capacity Roadway liquid 1,7 – 2 MPa 243 – 253 K 18 t (car) Railway liquid 0,65 – 2,6 MPa 223 – 253 K 62 t (car) Marine Ships liquid 0,65 – 4,5 MPa 221 – 283 K 20 (40) Mt (ship) Pipeline vapor / dense 4,8 – 20 MPa 283 – 307 K Characteristics of Transportation Systems Pressure at seabed well head: 10,5 MPaG
  • 5. 5 www.oeko.de Technical Risks Challenges ● development of a new and significantly enhanced CO2 transport infrastructure ● change of CO2 transport mode and conditions (transport in subcritical/dense phase) ● conversion of existing infrastructure (natural gas) for the transport of CO2 (as possible) ● adverse effects of impurities in the CO2 stream ● implementation of adapted design specifications and standards Risks and Fault Mechanisms  Cracks, Rupture  Leakage, Sudden Release ● corrosion, degradation, chemical reaction ● technical failures followed by loss of function, system breakdown, energy constraints ● human failures ● external hazards Transport│Kurtz│MS Teams│22/04/2024
  • 6. 6 www.oeko.de Significance of Impurities Impurities in the CO2 stream can influence ... • transport conditions • transport grid • corrosion mechanisms • material properties • explosion / fire risks • hazards to human health and the environment • controle, surveillance Transport│Kurtz│MS Teams│22/04/2024
  • 7. www.oeko.de Thank you for your attention! Questions ?