SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Adopting a
transformative curriculum approach
to teaching in a global higher
education context : perspectives
from a South African Institution
Rita Kizito NMMU 2016
Abstract
Since 1994, South African Universities have been grappling with issues of transformation at strategic
and operational levels. This is primarily because social, political and economic inequalities still
persist at all levels of society, including higher education, even after 20 years of democracy. Despite
engagements at different levels including the setting of policies, committees and plans to address
transformation, there is still no real broad consensus around what curriculum transformation really
means and what is at the nexus of the curriculum transformation agenda. The South African
literature in this area signals two main approaches to curriculum reform. The first one is a
representivity approach with a focus on which group (racial, gender, class) is succeeding and likely
to succeed in higher education. The second approach is ideological and considers distribution of
economic and political power . Both these approaches have a direct influence on what is taught and
how it is taught.
This webinar is an invitation to a discussion around the conceptualisation of a project which is
exploring academic and student perceptions of curriculum and teaching transformation at the
Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University , South Africa. Both representivity and ideology need to be
confronted if meaningful transformation is to occur. At the heart of the discussion is a need to
develop curricula responsive and relevant to the conditions in which both staff and students find
themselves. The primary challenge is in finding a way of adopting a transformative but integrated,
coherent approach to teaching in higher education while responding to local and global demands.
The discussions in this webinar are around…
• The South African HE context at a glance ( some statistics)
• What the debates in transforming HE have been in South Africa
• Activity 1 - What in your opinion is a transformative curriculum?
• The transformative agenda at NMMU - Curriculum Renewal and a
Humanising Pedagogy ( a rationale for choosing this particular path)
• Activity 2 – What should be at the ‘nexus’ of transforming HE
curricula at both the local and global levels ?
• A possible way forward - UK contexts, a South African Context …
• Thanks and acknowledgements
The South African HE context at a glance ( some
statistics) – racialized past
Pre merger HWU (10) HBU (10) HWT (7) HBT (7)
34 contact
institutions
2 Distance
6 Afrikaans
4 English
6 African
2 non-African
2 special purp.
6 establ.
in 1967
5 African late 70s/80s
2 non-African
Merger Universities Comprehensives UoT’s
23
Institutions
11 6 6
Research
Intensive*
Upper band Middle Band Lower
band
23
institutions
5 7 11
*Cooper, D. (2015) Social Justice and South African University Student enrolment Data by ‘race’ 1998-2012:
From ‘Skewed Revolution’ to ‘Stalled Revolution’. Higher Education Quarterly
HWU
Historically
White
University/
Tecknikon
HBU
Historically
Black
University/
Technikon
Post-school Education and Training (PSET )
Provision
Statistics on Post-School Education and Training in South Africa: 2013 © Department of Higher Education and Training, 2015.
Headcount enrolments in public higher
education by race, 2008 -2013
2013 Higher Education Data: Participation , Council on Higher Education, 2016
Headcount
enrolments
by the 20
main fields
of study
from 2011
to 2013
2013 Higher Education
Data: Participation ,
Council on Higher
Education, 2016
HE instruction and research staff 2003-2012
2003 2012 Change in #
African 9732 (21%) 16429 (32%) +69%
Coloured 2061 (5%) 2664(5%) +29%
Indian 3613 (8%) 4346(8%) +20%
White 28139 (62%) 27456 (53%) -2%
Unknown 2112 (5%) 678 (1%) -68%
Total 45657 51573 +13%
DHET (2013) Staffing South Africa’s Universities Framework
The South African reality about student
success in undergraduate programmes
• Only about one in four students in contact institutions (that is, excluding
UNISA) graduate in regulation time (for example, three years for a three-
year degree).
• Only 35% of the total intake, and 48% of contact students, graduate within
five years.
• When allowance is made for students taking longer than five years to
graduate or returning to the system after dropping out, it is estimated that
some 55% of the intake will never graduate.
• Access, success and completion rates continue to be racially skewed, with
white completion rates being on average 50% higher than African rates.
• The net result of the disparities in access and success is that under 5% of
African and coloured youth are succeeding in any form of higher education.
A proposal for undergraduate curriculum reform in South Africa: The case for a flexible curriculum structure,
p.17. © Council on Higher Education, Pretoria, 2013
Debates about HE transformation in SA
• Legacy of social and economic inequalities and exclusions
• No real agreement around what a transformed institution or a
transformed curriculum should look like
• Two approaches to transformation ( Crain Soudien, 2010)
 representivity approach with a focus on groups (racial, gender,
class but also in the “programme mixes” ( transformation is
about redress )
 ideological – dominant academic discourses and institutional
cultures ( transformation is about re-thinking education and
disrupting the status quo)
About NMMU
PROGRAMMES
6 FACULTIES
5 campuses – three in
Summerstrand ( next to the
ocean), Bird Street ( heart of
PE) Missionvale, George ( on
the Garden route)
669 full time academics
(278 with doctoral
degrees)
1039 part time teaching
staff
Distribution by race in 2012, 25% White; 1%
Indian; 14% Coloured: 52 % Black; 7% foreign
Tensions in transforming the curriculum
Equity Quality
Redress Efficiency
Change Development
Inclusivity Diversity
Localization Globalization
Activity 1
What in your opinion is a transformative curriculum?
The transformative agenda at NMMU
Transformation is the vehicle to achieving the NMMU mission and vision
• Our Mission is to offer a diverse range of quality educational opportunities that
will make a critical and constructive contribution to regional, national and global
sustainability.
• Our Vision is to be a dynamic African university, recognized for its leadership in
generating cutting-edge knowledge for a sustainable tomorrow.
• The principles/values of the NMMU underpinning Transformation include:
 Respect for diversity reflecting equity, equality and humanity
 Excellence
 Ubuntu
 Integrity
 Respect for the natural environment
Humanizing
Pedagogical
framework
(NMMU,
2013)
Enabling
Integrated
WHO?
WHO? WHO?
“Knowledges”
WHAT?
Assessment
SO WHAT?
Conducive
environment
WHERE?
Methods &
Pedagogies
HOW?
I
Thou It
WHY? Bigger purposes
Enabling a way of becoming for life and work
Freire, P. 1993. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York:
Continuum.
Zinn, D., Geduld, D., Delport, A., & Jordaan, C. (2014). 'Learn
Dialogic spaces for integrating theory and practice in a renew
foundation phase curriculum. South African Journal of Childh
Education,4(3), 103-121.
Activity 2
What should be at the ‘nexus’ of transforming HE curricula at both
the local and global levels ?
Possible ways forward
• Continue advancing the work of Ralph Tyler, Lawrence Stenhouse,
Paulo Freire – understanding the power and limitations of their
contributions to the curriculum development project
• Restructuring curriculum to that it meets societal needs & concerns
• Renewing curriculum so that it maximises student participation and
growth
• Simultaneously addressing local and global demands (relevance)
• Flexibility
Real transformation can neither condone ‘business as
usual’ nor can it be done ‘on the cheap’
From Concept paper prepared for the second Higher Education Summit, 2015
Thank you
Rita Kizito Rita.Kizito@nmmu.ac.za
kizitorita@gmail.com

More Related Content

What's hot

The interplay between politics and education in nigeria
The interplay between politics and education in nigeriaThe interplay between politics and education in nigeria
The interplay between politics and education in nigeria
Alexander Decker
 
Citizenship
CitizenshipCitizenship
Citizenship
Saramma Mathew
 
EdD presentation Nicolene Murdoch June 2014
EdD presentation Nicolene Murdoch June 2014EdD presentation Nicolene Murdoch June 2014
EdD presentation Nicolene Murdoch June 2014
ProfCPickles
 
11.political leadership and the development of education programme in nigeria...
11.political leadership and the development of education programme in nigeria...11.political leadership and the development of education programme in nigeria...
11.political leadership and the development of education programme in nigeria...
Alexander Decker
 
Education and national development
Education and national developmentEducation and national development
Education and national development
International advisers
 
Research management in higher education institutions
Research management in higher education institutionsResearch management in higher education institutions
Research management in higher education institutions
Kathleen Abaja
 
impact of social, economical, political & technological changes on education
impact of social, economical, political & technological changes on educationimpact of social, economical, political & technological changes on education
impact of social, economical, political & technological changes on education
Santhosh S.U.
 
Globalisation and transformation of Higher Education - Indian Experience
Globalisation and transformation of Higher Education - Indian ExperienceGlobalisation and transformation of Higher Education - Indian Experience
Globalisation and transformation of Higher Education - Indian Experience
Ajay Mohan Goel
 
Problems in implementing education policies in pakistan
Problems in implementing education policies in pakistanProblems in implementing education policies in pakistan
Problems in implementing education policies in pakistan
Nighat Shaheen
 
COMPARATIVE EDUCATION
COMPARATIVE EDUCATIONCOMPARATIVE EDUCATION
COMPARATIVE EDUCATION
ABUL HASAN
 
Curriculum harmonization in ethiopian public universities is it a step
Curriculum harmonization in ethiopian public universities is it a stepCurriculum harmonization in ethiopian public universities is it a step
Curriculum harmonization in ethiopian public universities is it a step
BayissaBekele
 
Education reform working paper
Education reform working paperEducation reform working paper
Education reform working paper
Rodje Malcolm
 
WTO and Indian education sector
WTO and Indian education sectorWTO and Indian education sector
WTO and Indian education sector
Sudheer Kumar
 
ECONOMICAL FACTORS AFFECTING EDUCATIONAL PLANNING
ECONOMICAL FACTORS AFFECTING EDUCATIONAL PLANNING ECONOMICAL FACTORS AFFECTING EDUCATIONAL PLANNING
ECONOMICAL FACTORS AFFECTING EDUCATIONAL PLANNING
QuratNaeem
 
Comparative education
Comparative educationComparative education
Comparative education
Tariq Ghayyur
 
1.1 concept, features, need, importance and goals of educational policy
1.1 concept, features, need, importance and goals of educational policy1.1 concept, features, need, importance and goals of educational policy
1.1 concept, features, need, importance and goals of educational policy
SMKahfulWara
 
COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION NON-SECTARIAN PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION NON-SECTARIAN PRIVATE INSTITUTIONSCOMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION NON-SECTARIAN PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION NON-SECTARIAN PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
Kathleen Abaja
 
Unit 1, HIGHER EDUCATION CODE 8625
Unit 1, HIGHER EDUCATION CODE 8625Unit 1, HIGHER EDUCATION CODE 8625
Unit 1, HIGHER EDUCATION CODE 8625
Zahid Mehmood
 
School performance, literacy rate nobert&tamajong
School performance, literacy rate nobert&tamajongSchool performance, literacy rate nobert&tamajong
School performance, literacy rate nobert&tamajong
abdelcris
 
Ched ppt report
Ched ppt reportChed ppt report
Ched ppt report
Janice Gallenero
 

What's hot (20)

The interplay between politics and education in nigeria
The interplay between politics and education in nigeriaThe interplay between politics and education in nigeria
The interplay between politics and education in nigeria
 
Citizenship
CitizenshipCitizenship
Citizenship
 
EdD presentation Nicolene Murdoch June 2014
EdD presentation Nicolene Murdoch June 2014EdD presentation Nicolene Murdoch June 2014
EdD presentation Nicolene Murdoch June 2014
 
11.political leadership and the development of education programme in nigeria...
11.political leadership and the development of education programme in nigeria...11.political leadership and the development of education programme in nigeria...
11.political leadership and the development of education programme in nigeria...
 
Education and national development
Education and national developmentEducation and national development
Education and national development
 
Research management in higher education institutions
Research management in higher education institutionsResearch management in higher education institutions
Research management in higher education institutions
 
impact of social, economical, political & technological changes on education
impact of social, economical, political & technological changes on educationimpact of social, economical, political & technological changes on education
impact of social, economical, political & technological changes on education
 
Globalisation and transformation of Higher Education - Indian Experience
Globalisation and transformation of Higher Education - Indian ExperienceGlobalisation and transformation of Higher Education - Indian Experience
Globalisation and transformation of Higher Education - Indian Experience
 
Problems in implementing education policies in pakistan
Problems in implementing education policies in pakistanProblems in implementing education policies in pakistan
Problems in implementing education policies in pakistan
 
COMPARATIVE EDUCATION
COMPARATIVE EDUCATIONCOMPARATIVE EDUCATION
COMPARATIVE EDUCATION
 
Curriculum harmonization in ethiopian public universities is it a step
Curriculum harmonization in ethiopian public universities is it a stepCurriculum harmonization in ethiopian public universities is it a step
Curriculum harmonization in ethiopian public universities is it a step
 
Education reform working paper
Education reform working paperEducation reform working paper
Education reform working paper
 
WTO and Indian education sector
WTO and Indian education sectorWTO and Indian education sector
WTO and Indian education sector
 
ECONOMICAL FACTORS AFFECTING EDUCATIONAL PLANNING
ECONOMICAL FACTORS AFFECTING EDUCATIONAL PLANNING ECONOMICAL FACTORS AFFECTING EDUCATIONAL PLANNING
ECONOMICAL FACTORS AFFECTING EDUCATIONAL PLANNING
 
Comparative education
Comparative educationComparative education
Comparative education
 
1.1 concept, features, need, importance and goals of educational policy
1.1 concept, features, need, importance and goals of educational policy1.1 concept, features, need, importance and goals of educational policy
1.1 concept, features, need, importance and goals of educational policy
 
COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION NON-SECTARIAN PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION NON-SECTARIAN PRIVATE INSTITUTIONSCOMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION NON-SECTARIAN PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION NON-SECTARIAN PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
 
Unit 1, HIGHER EDUCATION CODE 8625
Unit 1, HIGHER EDUCATION CODE 8625Unit 1, HIGHER EDUCATION CODE 8625
Unit 1, HIGHER EDUCATION CODE 8625
 
School performance, literacy rate nobert&tamajong
School performance, literacy rate nobert&tamajongSchool performance, literacy rate nobert&tamajong
School performance, literacy rate nobert&tamajong
 
Ched ppt report
Ched ppt reportChed ppt report
Ched ppt report
 

Viewers also liked

Transformative curriculum workshop
Transformative curriculum workshop Transformative curriculum workshop
Transformative curriculum workshop
Anne-Mart Olsen
 
Transformative curriculum
Transformative curriculumTransformative curriculum
Transformative curriculum
Esperanza Vera
 
Models of teaching
Models of teachingModels of teaching
Models of teaching
priyapillai1992
 
Transformative education
Transformative educationTransformative education
Transformative education
KJoy Jadormio
 
Transformative education..ppt st11
Transformative education..ppt st11Transformative education..ppt st11
Transformative education..ppt st11
Mary Blaise Mantiza
 
Models of teaching ppt
Models of teaching pptModels of teaching ppt
Models of teaching ppt
School of eduction, PU
 
Models of teaching
Models of teachingModels of teaching
Models of teaching
Aileen Asim
 
LESSON PLAN
LESSON PLAN LESSON PLAN
LESSON PLAN
Yanne Evangelista
 

Viewers also liked (8)

Transformative curriculum workshop
Transformative curriculum workshop Transformative curriculum workshop
Transformative curriculum workshop
 
Transformative curriculum
Transformative curriculumTransformative curriculum
Transformative curriculum
 
Models of teaching
Models of teachingModels of teaching
Models of teaching
 
Transformative education
Transformative educationTransformative education
Transformative education
 
Transformative education..ppt st11
Transformative education..ppt st11Transformative education..ppt st11
Transformative education..ppt st11
 
Models of teaching ppt
Models of teaching pptModels of teaching ppt
Models of teaching ppt
 
Models of teaching
Models of teachingModels of teaching
Models of teaching
 
LESSON PLAN
LESSON PLAN LESSON PLAN
LESSON PLAN
 

Similar to Transformative curriculum rita 2016

Czerniewicz the big questions responses to flexible futures january 2015
Czerniewicz the big questions    responses to flexible futures january 2015Czerniewicz the big questions    responses to flexible futures january 2015
Czerniewicz the big questions responses to flexible futures january 2015
Laura Czerniewicz
 
Ascilite11 presentation v bozalek slim
Ascilite11 presentation v bozalek slimAscilite11 presentation v bozalek slim
Ascilite11 presentation v bozalek slim
Vivienne Bozalek
 
Ascilite11 presentation v bozalek slim
Ascilite11 presentation v bozalek slimAscilite11 presentation v bozalek slim
Ascilite11 presentation v bozalek slim
Vivienne Bozalek
 
The foundations of outcomes based education
The foundations of outcomes based educationThe foundations of outcomes based education
The foundations of outcomes based education
jairanikkionoacosta
 
4 Widening Paritcipation in Higher Education in Ghana and Tanzania, Fiona Leach
4 Widening Paritcipation in Higher Education in Ghana and Tanzania, Fiona Leach4 Widening Paritcipation in Higher Education in Ghana and Tanzania, Fiona Leach
4 Widening Paritcipation in Higher Education in Ghana and Tanzania, Fiona Leach
The Impact Initiative
 
ROLE OF THE UNIVERSITY unit 2 AIOU workshop
ROLE OF THE UNIVERSITY unit 2 AIOU workshopROLE OF THE UNIVERSITY unit 2 AIOU workshop
ROLE OF THE UNIVERSITY unit 2 AIOU workshop
R.A Duhdra
 
Open Education: What About Africa? Open Government Partnership Africa 2016
Open Education: What About Africa? Open Government Partnership Africa 2016Open Education: What About Africa? Open Government Partnership Africa 2016
Open Education: What About Africa? Open Government Partnership Africa 2016
Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University
 
Research Symposium Poster
Research Symposium PosterResearch Symposium Poster
Research Symposium Poster
K.M. Smith, Ph.D.
 
Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...
Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...
Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...
ROER4D
 
Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...
Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...
Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...
Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams
 
Dark side of care (1)
Dark side of care (1)Dark side of care (1)
Dark side of care (1)
Vivienne Bozalek
 
Institute for Women in Higher Education
Institute for Women in Higher EducationInstitute for Women in Higher Education
Institute for Women in Higher Education
Wilma Jones
 
Ed401 teaching an learning in higher education ppt1
Ed401 teaching an learning in higher education ppt1Ed401 teaching an learning in higher education ppt1
Ed401 teaching an learning in higher education ppt1
uakeia
 
Ed401 group presentation
Ed401 group presentationEd401 group presentation
Ed401 group presentation
uakeia
 
Redefining Education '˜'The Need through Innovative in Africa, for Sustainabl...
Redefining Education '˜'The Need through Innovative in Africa, for Sustainabl...Redefining Education '˜'The Need through Innovative in Africa, for Sustainabl...
Redefining Education '˜'The Need through Innovative in Africa, for Sustainabl...
ijtsrd
 
Introduction to Community Based Education and Team Training Program
Introduction to Community Based Education and Team Training ProgramIntroduction to Community Based Education and Team Training Program
Introduction to Community Based Education and Team Training Program
Kedir Mohammed
 
Decentralised Service Provision report submission
Decentralised Service Provision report submissionDecentralised Service Provision report submission
Decentralised Service Provision report submission
Raisa Chowdhury
 
Decolonising DMU: towards the anti-racist University
Decolonising DMU: towards the anti-racist UniversityDecolonising DMU: towards the anti-racist University
Decolonising DMU: towards the anti-racist University
Richard Hall
 
Utrecht sb- parallel workshops list
Utrecht  sb- parallel workshops listUtrecht  sb- parallel workshops list
Utrecht sb- parallel workshops list
IAU_Past_Conferences
 
Utrecht prog ws series_b
Utrecht prog  ws series_bUtrecht prog  ws series_b
Utrecht prog ws series_b
IAU_Past_Conferences
 

Similar to Transformative curriculum rita 2016 (20)

Czerniewicz the big questions responses to flexible futures january 2015
Czerniewicz the big questions    responses to flexible futures january 2015Czerniewicz the big questions    responses to flexible futures january 2015
Czerniewicz the big questions responses to flexible futures january 2015
 
Ascilite11 presentation v bozalek slim
Ascilite11 presentation v bozalek slimAscilite11 presentation v bozalek slim
Ascilite11 presentation v bozalek slim
 
Ascilite11 presentation v bozalek slim
Ascilite11 presentation v bozalek slimAscilite11 presentation v bozalek slim
Ascilite11 presentation v bozalek slim
 
The foundations of outcomes based education
The foundations of outcomes based educationThe foundations of outcomes based education
The foundations of outcomes based education
 
4 Widening Paritcipation in Higher Education in Ghana and Tanzania, Fiona Leach
4 Widening Paritcipation in Higher Education in Ghana and Tanzania, Fiona Leach4 Widening Paritcipation in Higher Education in Ghana and Tanzania, Fiona Leach
4 Widening Paritcipation in Higher Education in Ghana and Tanzania, Fiona Leach
 
ROLE OF THE UNIVERSITY unit 2 AIOU workshop
ROLE OF THE UNIVERSITY unit 2 AIOU workshopROLE OF THE UNIVERSITY unit 2 AIOU workshop
ROLE OF THE UNIVERSITY unit 2 AIOU workshop
 
Open Education: What About Africa? Open Government Partnership Africa 2016
Open Education: What About Africa? Open Government Partnership Africa 2016Open Education: What About Africa? Open Government Partnership Africa 2016
Open Education: What About Africa? Open Government Partnership Africa 2016
 
Research Symposium Poster
Research Symposium PosterResearch Symposium Poster
Research Symposium Poster
 
Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...
Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...
Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...
 
Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...
Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...
Researching Open Educational Resources and Open Pedagogical Practices: The RO...
 
Dark side of care (1)
Dark side of care (1)Dark side of care (1)
Dark side of care (1)
 
Institute for Women in Higher Education
Institute for Women in Higher EducationInstitute for Women in Higher Education
Institute for Women in Higher Education
 
Ed401 teaching an learning in higher education ppt1
Ed401 teaching an learning in higher education ppt1Ed401 teaching an learning in higher education ppt1
Ed401 teaching an learning in higher education ppt1
 
Ed401 group presentation
Ed401 group presentationEd401 group presentation
Ed401 group presentation
 
Redefining Education '˜'The Need through Innovative in Africa, for Sustainabl...
Redefining Education '˜'The Need through Innovative in Africa, for Sustainabl...Redefining Education '˜'The Need through Innovative in Africa, for Sustainabl...
Redefining Education '˜'The Need through Innovative in Africa, for Sustainabl...
 
Introduction to Community Based Education and Team Training Program
Introduction to Community Based Education and Team Training ProgramIntroduction to Community Based Education and Team Training Program
Introduction to Community Based Education and Team Training Program
 
Decentralised Service Provision report submission
Decentralised Service Provision report submissionDecentralised Service Provision report submission
Decentralised Service Provision report submission
 
Decolonising DMU: towards the anti-racist University
Decolonising DMU: towards the anti-racist UniversityDecolonising DMU: towards the anti-racist University
Decolonising DMU: towards the anti-racist University
 
Utrecht sb- parallel workshops list
Utrecht  sb- parallel workshops listUtrecht  sb- parallel workshops list
Utrecht sb- parallel workshops list
 
Utrecht prog ws series_b
Utrecht prog  ws series_bUtrecht prog  ws series_b
Utrecht prog ws series_b
 

More from Rita Ndagire Kizito

BARRIERS TO BL & AI ADOPTION IN AFRICA 14092023 RITA KIZITOB.pdf
BARRIERS TO BL & AI ADOPTION IN AFRICA 14092023 RITA KIZITOB.pdfBARRIERS TO BL & AI ADOPTION IN AFRICA 14092023 RITA KIZITOB.pdf
BARRIERS TO BL & AI ADOPTION IN AFRICA 14092023 RITA KIZITOB.pdf
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Research Approaches in Higher Education RK 10082023.pptx
Research Approaches in Higher Education RK 10082023.pptxResearch Approaches in Higher Education RK 10082023.pptx
Research Approaches in Higher Education RK 10082023.pptx
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Scholarship of Teaching and Learning WITS 17042023.pptx
Scholarship of Teaching and Learning WITS 17042023.pptxScholarship of Teaching and Learning WITS 17042023.pptx
Scholarship of Teaching and Learning WITS 17042023.pptx
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Teaching and Learning beyond the pandemic RNKizito 30092022.pptx
Teaching and Learning beyond the pandemic RNKizito 30092022.pptxTeaching and Learning beyond the pandemic RNKizito 30092022.pptx
Teaching and Learning beyond the pandemic RNKizito 30092022.pptx
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age
Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age
Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age
Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age
Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Moving from challenges to opportunities what will become our new normal for ...
Moving from challenges to opportunities what will become our new normal  for ...Moving from challenges to opportunities what will become our new normal  for ...
Moving from challenges to opportunities what will become our new normal for ...
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Dealing with data 10092020
Dealing with data 10092020Dealing with data 10092020
Dealing with data 10092020
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Becoming a scholarly academic in a digital age
Becoming a scholarly academic in a digital ageBecoming a scholarly academic in a digital age
Becoming a scholarly academic in a digital age
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Leveraging data to improve feedback processes: what counts in the journey fro...
Leveraging data to improve feedback processes: what counts in the journey fro...Leveraging data to improve feedback processes: what counts in the journey fro...
Leveraging data to improve feedback processes: what counts in the journey fro...
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Why aysg 2020
Why aysg 2020Why aysg 2020
Why aysg 2020
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
What it means to be an academic citizen 27022020 b
What it means to be an academic citizen 27022020 bWhat it means to be an academic citizen 27022020 b
What it means to be an academic citizen 27022020 b
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Introducing the ctlm online workshops 2017
Introducing the ctlm online workshops 2017Introducing the ctlm online workshops 2017
Introducing the ctlm online workshops 2017
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Moderation workshop dietetics april 2017b
Moderation workshop dietetics april 2017bModeration workshop dietetics april 2017b
Moderation workshop dietetics april 2017b
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Re-imagining Higher education practice at nmmu 27032017
Re-imagining Higher education practice at nmmu 27032017Re-imagining Higher education practice at nmmu 27032017
Re-imagining Higher education practice at nmmu 27032017
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Curriculum philosophy Statement
Curriculum philosophy StatementCurriculum philosophy Statement
Curriculum philosophy Statement
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Reflective tasks and their role in changing practice13092016
Reflective tasks and their role in changing practice13092016Reflective tasks and their role in changing practice13092016
Reflective tasks and their role in changing practice13092016
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Carpe Diem 26022016
Carpe Diem  26022016Carpe Diem  26022016
Carpe Diem 26022016
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Developmental evaluation for evaluating educational interventions
Developmental evaluation for evaluating educational interventionsDevelopmental evaluation for evaluating educational interventions
Developmental evaluation for evaluating educational interventions
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 
Whats app 2015 presentation kizito 2015
Whats app 2015 presentation kizito 2015Whats app 2015 presentation kizito 2015
Whats app 2015 presentation kizito 2015
Rita Ndagire Kizito
 

More from Rita Ndagire Kizito (20)

BARRIERS TO BL & AI ADOPTION IN AFRICA 14092023 RITA KIZITOB.pdf
BARRIERS TO BL & AI ADOPTION IN AFRICA 14092023 RITA KIZITOB.pdfBARRIERS TO BL & AI ADOPTION IN AFRICA 14092023 RITA KIZITOB.pdf
BARRIERS TO BL & AI ADOPTION IN AFRICA 14092023 RITA KIZITOB.pdf
 
Research Approaches in Higher Education RK 10082023.pptx
Research Approaches in Higher Education RK 10082023.pptxResearch Approaches in Higher Education RK 10082023.pptx
Research Approaches in Higher Education RK 10082023.pptx
 
Scholarship of Teaching and Learning WITS 17042023.pptx
Scholarship of Teaching and Learning WITS 17042023.pptxScholarship of Teaching and Learning WITS 17042023.pptx
Scholarship of Teaching and Learning WITS 17042023.pptx
 
Teaching and Learning beyond the pandemic RNKizito 30092022.pptx
Teaching and Learning beyond the pandemic RNKizito 30092022.pptxTeaching and Learning beyond the pandemic RNKizito 30092022.pptx
Teaching and Learning beyond the pandemic RNKizito 30092022.pptx
 
Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age
Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age
Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age
 
Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age
Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age
Becoming a Scholarly Academic in a Digital Age
 
Moving from challenges to opportunities what will become our new normal for ...
Moving from challenges to opportunities what will become our new normal  for ...Moving from challenges to opportunities what will become our new normal  for ...
Moving from challenges to opportunities what will become our new normal for ...
 
Dealing with data 10092020
Dealing with data 10092020Dealing with data 10092020
Dealing with data 10092020
 
Becoming a scholarly academic in a digital age
Becoming a scholarly academic in a digital ageBecoming a scholarly academic in a digital age
Becoming a scholarly academic in a digital age
 
Leveraging data to improve feedback processes: what counts in the journey fro...
Leveraging data to improve feedback processes: what counts in the journey fro...Leveraging data to improve feedback processes: what counts in the journey fro...
Leveraging data to improve feedback processes: what counts in the journey fro...
 
Why aysg 2020
Why aysg 2020Why aysg 2020
Why aysg 2020
 
What it means to be an academic citizen 27022020 b
What it means to be an academic citizen 27022020 bWhat it means to be an academic citizen 27022020 b
What it means to be an academic citizen 27022020 b
 
Introducing the ctlm online workshops 2017
Introducing the ctlm online workshops 2017Introducing the ctlm online workshops 2017
Introducing the ctlm online workshops 2017
 
Moderation workshop dietetics april 2017b
Moderation workshop dietetics april 2017bModeration workshop dietetics april 2017b
Moderation workshop dietetics april 2017b
 
Re-imagining Higher education practice at nmmu 27032017
Re-imagining Higher education practice at nmmu 27032017Re-imagining Higher education practice at nmmu 27032017
Re-imagining Higher education practice at nmmu 27032017
 
Curriculum philosophy Statement
Curriculum philosophy StatementCurriculum philosophy Statement
Curriculum philosophy Statement
 
Reflective tasks and their role in changing practice13092016
Reflective tasks and their role in changing practice13092016Reflective tasks and their role in changing practice13092016
Reflective tasks and their role in changing practice13092016
 
Carpe Diem 26022016
Carpe Diem  26022016Carpe Diem  26022016
Carpe Diem 26022016
 
Developmental evaluation for evaluating educational interventions
Developmental evaluation for evaluating educational interventionsDevelopmental evaluation for evaluating educational interventions
Developmental evaluation for evaluating educational interventions
 
Whats app 2015 presentation kizito 2015
Whats app 2015 presentation kizito 2015Whats app 2015 presentation kizito 2015
Whats app 2015 presentation kizito 2015
 

Recently uploaded

What is Packaging of Products in Odoo 17
What is Packaging of Products in Odoo 17What is Packaging of Products in Odoo 17
What is Packaging of Products in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Read the 38 letters Rockefeller left to his son online for free
Read the 38 letters Rockefeller left to his son online for freeRead the 38 letters Rockefeller left to his son online for free
Read the 38 letters Rockefeller left to his son online for free
Jerry Chew
 
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
Celine George
 
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Summary.pdf
AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Summary.pdfAZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Summary.pdf
AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Summary.pdf
OlivierLumeau1
 
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
KlettWorldLanguages
 
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
AnneMarieJacildo
 
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 24/254
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 24/254modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 24/254
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 24/254
NurFitriah45
 
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 SlidesHow to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptxKesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
artenzmartenkai
 
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 SlidesWhat is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On FacebookOdoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Celine George
 
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
NurFitriah45
 
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.Vformative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
DrRavindrakshirsagar1
 
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
MJDuyan
 
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergartenmatatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
SarahAlie1
 
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdfThe Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
luzmilaglez334
 
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
DrRavindrakshirsagar1
 

Recently uploaded (20)

What is Packaging of Products in Odoo 17
What is Packaging of Products in Odoo 17What is Packaging of Products in Odoo 17
What is Packaging of Products in Odoo 17
 
Read the 38 letters Rockefeller left to his son online for free
Read the 38 letters Rockefeller left to his son online for freeRead the 38 letters Rockefeller left to his son online for free
Read the 38 letters Rockefeller left to his son online for free
 
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Large Scrollbar in Odoo 17 POS
 
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
 
AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Summary.pdf
AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Summary.pdfAZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Summary.pdf
AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Summary.pdf
 
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
How To Update One2many Field From OnChange of Field in Odoo 17
 
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
 
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
 
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 24/254
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 24/254modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 24/254
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 24/254
 
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 SlidesHow to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
 
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptxKesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
 
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
How To Create a Transient Model in Odoo 17
 
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 SlidesWhat is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
 
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On FacebookOdoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
 
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
 
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.Vformative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
 
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
 
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergartenmatatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
 
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdfThe Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
 
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
Genetics Teaching Plan: Dr.Kshirsagar R.V.
 

Transformative curriculum rita 2016

  • 1. Adopting a transformative curriculum approach to teaching in a global higher education context : perspectives from a South African Institution Rita Kizito NMMU 2016
  • 2. Abstract Since 1994, South African Universities have been grappling with issues of transformation at strategic and operational levels. This is primarily because social, political and economic inequalities still persist at all levels of society, including higher education, even after 20 years of democracy. Despite engagements at different levels including the setting of policies, committees and plans to address transformation, there is still no real broad consensus around what curriculum transformation really means and what is at the nexus of the curriculum transformation agenda. The South African literature in this area signals two main approaches to curriculum reform. The first one is a representivity approach with a focus on which group (racial, gender, class) is succeeding and likely to succeed in higher education. The second approach is ideological and considers distribution of economic and political power . Both these approaches have a direct influence on what is taught and how it is taught. This webinar is an invitation to a discussion around the conceptualisation of a project which is exploring academic and student perceptions of curriculum and teaching transformation at the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University , South Africa. Both representivity and ideology need to be confronted if meaningful transformation is to occur. At the heart of the discussion is a need to develop curricula responsive and relevant to the conditions in which both staff and students find themselves. The primary challenge is in finding a way of adopting a transformative but integrated, coherent approach to teaching in higher education while responding to local and global demands.
  • 3. The discussions in this webinar are around… • The South African HE context at a glance ( some statistics) • What the debates in transforming HE have been in South Africa • Activity 1 - What in your opinion is a transformative curriculum? • The transformative agenda at NMMU - Curriculum Renewal and a Humanising Pedagogy ( a rationale for choosing this particular path) • Activity 2 – What should be at the ‘nexus’ of transforming HE curricula at both the local and global levels ? • A possible way forward - UK contexts, a South African Context … • Thanks and acknowledgements
  • 4. The South African HE context at a glance ( some statistics) – racialized past Pre merger HWU (10) HBU (10) HWT (7) HBT (7) 34 contact institutions 2 Distance 6 Afrikaans 4 English 6 African 2 non-African 2 special purp. 6 establ. in 1967 5 African late 70s/80s 2 non-African Merger Universities Comprehensives UoT’s 23 Institutions 11 6 6 Research Intensive* Upper band Middle Band Lower band 23 institutions 5 7 11 *Cooper, D. (2015) Social Justice and South African University Student enrolment Data by ‘race’ 1998-2012: From ‘Skewed Revolution’ to ‘Stalled Revolution’. Higher Education Quarterly HWU Historically White University/ Tecknikon HBU Historically Black University/ Technikon
  • 5. Post-school Education and Training (PSET ) Provision Statistics on Post-School Education and Training in South Africa: 2013 © Department of Higher Education and Training, 2015.
  • 6. Headcount enrolments in public higher education by race, 2008 -2013 2013 Higher Education Data: Participation , Council on Higher Education, 2016
  • 7. Headcount enrolments by the 20 main fields of study from 2011 to 2013 2013 Higher Education Data: Participation , Council on Higher Education, 2016
  • 8. HE instruction and research staff 2003-2012 2003 2012 Change in # African 9732 (21%) 16429 (32%) +69% Coloured 2061 (5%) 2664(5%) +29% Indian 3613 (8%) 4346(8%) +20% White 28139 (62%) 27456 (53%) -2% Unknown 2112 (5%) 678 (1%) -68% Total 45657 51573 +13% DHET (2013) Staffing South Africa’s Universities Framework
  • 9. The South African reality about student success in undergraduate programmes • Only about one in four students in contact institutions (that is, excluding UNISA) graduate in regulation time (for example, three years for a three- year degree). • Only 35% of the total intake, and 48% of contact students, graduate within five years. • When allowance is made for students taking longer than five years to graduate or returning to the system after dropping out, it is estimated that some 55% of the intake will never graduate. • Access, success and completion rates continue to be racially skewed, with white completion rates being on average 50% higher than African rates. • The net result of the disparities in access and success is that under 5% of African and coloured youth are succeeding in any form of higher education. A proposal for undergraduate curriculum reform in South Africa: The case for a flexible curriculum structure, p.17. © Council on Higher Education, Pretoria, 2013
  • 10. Debates about HE transformation in SA • Legacy of social and economic inequalities and exclusions • No real agreement around what a transformed institution or a transformed curriculum should look like • Two approaches to transformation ( Crain Soudien, 2010)  representivity approach with a focus on groups (racial, gender, class but also in the “programme mixes” ( transformation is about redress )  ideological – dominant academic discourses and institutional cultures ( transformation is about re-thinking education and disrupting the status quo)
  • 11. About NMMU PROGRAMMES 6 FACULTIES 5 campuses – three in Summerstrand ( next to the ocean), Bird Street ( heart of PE) Missionvale, George ( on the Garden route) 669 full time academics (278 with doctoral degrees) 1039 part time teaching staff Distribution by race in 2012, 25% White; 1% Indian; 14% Coloured: 52 % Black; 7% foreign
  • 12. Tensions in transforming the curriculum Equity Quality Redress Efficiency Change Development Inclusivity Diversity Localization Globalization
  • 13. Activity 1 What in your opinion is a transformative curriculum?
  • 14. The transformative agenda at NMMU Transformation is the vehicle to achieving the NMMU mission and vision • Our Mission is to offer a diverse range of quality educational opportunities that will make a critical and constructive contribution to regional, national and global sustainability. • Our Vision is to be a dynamic African university, recognized for its leadership in generating cutting-edge knowledge for a sustainable tomorrow. • The principles/values of the NMMU underpinning Transformation include:  Respect for diversity reflecting equity, equality and humanity  Excellence  Ubuntu  Integrity  Respect for the natural environment
  • 15. Humanizing Pedagogical framework (NMMU, 2013) Enabling Integrated WHO? WHO? WHO? “Knowledges” WHAT? Assessment SO WHAT? Conducive environment WHERE? Methods & Pedagogies HOW? I Thou It WHY? Bigger purposes Enabling a way of becoming for life and work Freire, P. 1993. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: Continuum. Zinn, D., Geduld, D., Delport, A., & Jordaan, C. (2014). 'Learn Dialogic spaces for integrating theory and practice in a renew foundation phase curriculum. South African Journal of Childh Education,4(3), 103-121.
  • 16. Activity 2 What should be at the ‘nexus’ of transforming HE curricula at both the local and global levels ?
  • 17. Possible ways forward • Continue advancing the work of Ralph Tyler, Lawrence Stenhouse, Paulo Freire – understanding the power and limitations of their contributions to the curriculum development project • Restructuring curriculum to that it meets societal needs & concerns • Renewing curriculum so that it maximises student participation and growth • Simultaneously addressing local and global demands (relevance) • Flexibility Real transformation can neither condone ‘business as usual’ nor can it be done ‘on the cheap’ From Concept paper prepared for the second Higher Education Summit, 2015
  • 18. Thank you Rita Kizito Rita.Kizito@nmmu.ac.za kizitorita@gmail.com