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PRAIA CABO VERDE
5-8 December 2023
Transformations of
diets, markets and
prices in the Sahel
and West Africa
© Shutterstock/PhotopankPL
www.food-security.net
Massive transformations in 20 years
20 years of transformations
• Population
• Urbanisation
• Income growth
…and its impacts food systems
Massive transformations in 20 years
2000
Total population in West Africa increased 1.8 times
417 million
234 million
2020
Urbanisation – the most important transformation in Africa
2000
Urban population increased 2.4 times
85
Urban population
2020
208 million
2000
1 410
Number of urban areas
2020
2 880
“Urbanisation is the single most important
transformation the African continent will
undergo this century.” World Bank 2013
Three times richer
3.2 x increase in GDP per capita in West
Africa
GDP per capita (2000 = 100)
The central role of food systems in West Africa’s economy (and
policies?)
260bn (2015) - 39% of GDP - 63% of employment – 50% household expend
A quiet revolution
“Africa’s rapidly growing
cities and food markets
offer the largest and fastest
growing market opportunity
available to the continent’s
60 million farms.” (AGRA 2020)
Implications
• Linking demand & production
• Monitoring and analysing links
(markets, prices)
• Designing food system policies
www.food-security.net

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Transformations des régimes alimentaires, marchés et prix

  • 1. PRAIA CABO VERDE 5-8 December 2023 Transformations of diets, markets and prices in the Sahel and West Africa © Shutterstock/PhotopankPL www.food-security.net
  • 2. Massive transformations in 20 years 20 years of transformations • Population • Urbanisation • Income growth …and its impacts food systems
  • 3. Massive transformations in 20 years 2000 Total population in West Africa increased 1.8 times 417 million 234 million 2020
  • 4. Urbanisation – the most important transformation in Africa 2000 Urban population increased 2.4 times 85 Urban population 2020 208 million 2000 1 410 Number of urban areas 2020 2 880 “Urbanisation is the single most important transformation the African continent will undergo this century.” World Bank 2013
  • 5. Three times richer 3.2 x increase in GDP per capita in West Africa GDP per capita (2000 = 100)
  • 6. The central role of food systems in West Africa’s economy (and policies?) 260bn (2015) - 39% of GDP - 63% of employment – 50% household expend
  • 7. A quiet revolution “Africa’s rapidly growing cities and food markets offer the largest and fastest growing market opportunity available to the continent’s 60 million farms.” (AGRA 2020)
  • 8. Implications • Linking demand & production • Monitoring and analysing links (markets, prices) • Designing food system policies

Editor's Notes

  1. Before we start the sessions just a couple of slides on the context of diet and food system transformation and its implications on markets we will discuss today.
  2. The diet transformations currently ongoing in West Africa are not special and have been observed across the world – probably most recently in South East Asia. The main drivers are population, in particular urbanisation and income growth. So, I will show a couple of figures to show these and remind us of the massive transformations that occurred and that we would like you to keep mind during our dicussions today for two reasons: They provide the context and scale of what we will discuss And second this is the background against which we should think about the need to evaluate the effectiveness of our instruments and policies. A point which has also been highlighted during yesterdays’ opening ceremony by Mdm Fall-Tall
  3. Maybe something that has become less of a surprise is the growth in total population. But, probably worth to just consider the numbers – a doubling in poplation, plus 200 million people in just 20 years.
  4. Even more spectacular and definitely more profound has been the urbanisation dynamic.