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Concept of Rasa
Important
significant
contribution+
Indian mind to aesthetics
• The rasa theory originates with Bharata in
Natyashastra. It claims that the object or meaning that is
sought to be conveyed in literary compositions is in the
nature of an emotional effect of diverse human
experience on man’s mind and heart.
• Although the concept of rasa is fundamental to many
forms of Indian art including dance, music, musical
theatre, cinema and literature, the treatment,
interpretation, usage and actual performance of a
particular rasa differs greatly between different styles
and schools of abhinaya, and the huge regional
differences even within one style.
Nine Rasa
 Shringara
 Hasya
 Adbhuta
 Veera
 Shanta
 Karuna
 Bhayanaka
 Bhibastsya
 Raudra
Shringara (Love)
•Shringara : love and
beauty.
•emotion represent
appeals to the human
mind
•one finds beautiful, that
which evokes love .
•For example- Kalidasa
(Abhigyanshakuntalam)
•Colour- Light Green
(Hasya) (Laughter)
- Represents laughter, joy or
mirth.
- Can be used to depict simple
joy, riotous laughter and
everything in between.
- Example- Ravana (attahasya)
- Colour- White
Marvellous (Adabhuta)
- Represents wonder,
mystery and curiosity.
- Amazement one feels when
one comes across something
divine and supernatural.
- Example- Character of
Rama/ Brahma
- Colour- Yellow
Heroic (Veer)
-Represents courage, pride,
bravery and self confidence.
- Example- Character of Rama
(Ramayana)/ Indra
Relaxation (Shanta)
-Represents peace and
serenity and the state
of calmness.
- Example- Rama
- Colour- White
Karuna (Tragedy)
•Karuna : grief and
compassion.
•The feelings of
unspeakable tragedy and
despair
•Utter hopelessness and
heartbreak .
•Example – Kalidasa
(Abhigyanshakuntalam)
Terrible (Bhayanaka)
-Represents horror or
terror, fear and anxiety.
- Example- character of
Rakshsha.
- Colour- Black
Odious (Bibhatsa)
-Represents disgust and
aversion.
- Emotion evoked by anything
that nauseates us, that revolts
or sickens us.
- Example- Prince Siddhartha/
Shiva
- Colour- Blue
Furious (Raudra)
- Represents anger
- Example- Shiva
- Colour- Red
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Theory of Rasa

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Theory of Rasa