SlideShare a Scribd company logo
The Witches in Macbeth
Shakespeare’s Times
• During the reign of Elizabeth 1 public concern
  over witchcraft grew. In 1564 a law was passed
  making murder by witchcraft punishable by
  death.
• In Scotland 8,000 witches were burned to death
  between 1564 & 1603.
• King James 1 became personally involved with
  witchcraft when he and his wife Anne were
  almost shipwrecked on returning to Scotland
  from Denmark in 1590.
• Dr Fian and the “witches of Berwick” were
  found guilty of trying to kill them by raising
  storms at sea.
• James 1 published a book on witchcraft
  named Demonology in 1597.
Divine Order
• In Jacobean times people believed that the
  whole universe had an order that was decided
  by God. Anything unnatural was against the
  divine order. Kings were God’s agents , so
  action against a King was a crime against God.
  Satan, who had rebelled against God, was
  responsible, through witches and evil
  spirits, for all attacks on the divine order.
• Shakespeare would have been well aware of
  his patron the king’s interest in and fear of
  witchcraft and so has chosen to make the
  witches the catalyst for all the evil events
  which occur in the play.
• They lead Macbeth into evil deeds but also
  trick him into feeling invincible.
• Banquo, who was an ancestor of James
  remains uncorrupted by them.
Lesson Objectives
• To fully understand Shakespeare’s use of
  language in Act 1 Scene 1 of Macbeth.
Act One Scene One
• Why do you think the scene opens with thunder
  & lightning?
• This is the first scene, what tone does it set?
• What is “the heath ?”
• What are “Greymalkin & Paddock?
• What do you think they mean by “Fair is foul, and
  foul is fair”?
• What do you notice about the way the witches
  speak?
Your Turn
This is a chance to improve your Speaking &
Listening Role Play mark.
Split into groups of three.
Practise a performance of this opening scene.
Try as much as possible to do without your
script. Concentrate on conveying a sense of evil.
Beliefs about witches
• They were often held responsible for the death of
  animals.
• They travelled the seas in sieves.
• When witches transformed themselves into
  animals they were often incomplete.
• They could control the winds.
• Parts of corpses were used in casting spells.
• The number 3 and its multiples were regarded as
  magic numbers.
Act 1 Scene 3
• What does the first witch say she has been
  doing?
• What does the second witch say she is going
  to do?
• What is the second witch carrying with her?
• What impression to we gain of the witches
  from their conversation up to line 30?
Line 38
Macbeth and Banquo are on their way back
from battle where they have defeated the
Norwegian forces who have been trying to
overthrow King Duncan. The Norwegians were
helped by the Thane of Cawdor, a Scottish lord
who has turned traitor.
Line 38 “So fair and foul a day I have not seen.”
Macbeth’s words echo those of the witches in
scene 1.
Line 39 - 46

What do we learn about the
witches’ appearance from what
Banquo says in these lines?
Line 47 - 69

• What 3 things do the
  witches say to Macbeth?
• What do they say to
  Banquo?
Line 70 -133
•   What news does Ross bring?
•   What is Banquo’s reaction?(line 107)
•   How does the news seem to effect Macbeth?
•   Line 120 – 127. What does Banquo warn
    Macbeth about?
Act Four Scene One
By this stage in the play Macbeth has killed
Duncan and become king. He was tormented by
the fact that according to the witches Banquo’s
ancestors would become kings so he has hired
murderers to kill him. Banquo’s son escaped so
there is still a chance that the witches prophecy
could come true. Macbeth goes to find the
witches again to ask them about this.
Lines 1 - 39
The witches are in the process of mixing a spell.
• List the ingredients.
• What do you notice about the rhythm and
  rhyme in this section?
The Apparitions
These are conjured by the witches’ spell.
• What are the first three apparitions and what
  do they tell Macbeth?
• What does the fourth appear to show?
• Line 44/45 What do the lines “By the pricking
  of my thumbs..”etc tell us about Macbeth?
• Why is line 138 “Infected by the air whereon
  they ride, And damned all those that trust
  them” ironic?
Betrayal

Now you have watched the
ending of Macbeth explain how
the witches have betrayed
Macbeth’s trust in them.
A film presentation of the witches

• Where is the opening of the play
  set?
• How are the witches dressed?
• What are they doing?
• What effect do they have on the
  audience?

More Related Content

What's hot

To justify the ways of god to men
To justify the ways of god to menTo justify the ways of god to men
To justify the ways of god to men
Touqeer Raza
 
Wide Sargasso Sea : The story of the Madwomen in the attic
Wide Sargasso Sea : The story of the Madwomen in the atticWide Sargasso Sea : The story of the Madwomen in the attic
Wide Sargasso Sea : The story of the Madwomen in the attic
Sneha Agravat
 
Supernatural Element in Shakesperian Tragedy
Supernatural Element in Shakesperian TragedySupernatural Element in Shakesperian Tragedy
Supernatural Element in Shakesperian Tragedy
Sneha Agravat
 
Symbolism and themes of dr.faustus
Symbolism and themes of dr.faustusSymbolism and themes of dr.faustus
Symbolism and themes of dr.faustus
Sidra Tahir
 
Doctor Faustus
Doctor Faustus Doctor Faustus
Doctor Faustus
Mohammed Raiyah
 
Pamela
PamelaPamela
Pamela
MAENGLISH15
 
Midnight's Children: A Postcolonial Critique
Midnight's Children: A Postcolonial CritiqueMidnight's Children: A Postcolonial Critique
Midnight's Children: A Postcolonial Critique
Rahila Khan
 
The Birthday Party(1958)
The Birthday Party(1958)The Birthday Party(1958)
The Birthday Party(1958)
univercity
 
Doctor Faustus by Christopher Marlowe
Doctor Faustus by Christopher MarloweDoctor Faustus by Christopher Marlowe
Doctor Faustus by Christopher Marlowe
Kaushal Desai
 
Murder in the cathedral ppt
Murder in the cathedral pptMurder in the cathedral ppt
Murder in the cathedral ppt
Jenith Suganthy Clemenshia
 
Dr faustus character,symbol,setting,plot
Dr faustus character,symbol,setting,plotDr faustus character,symbol,setting,plot
Dr faustus character,symbol,setting,plot
mencarijodoh
 
Absurdist theatre and existentialism
Absurdist theatre and existentialismAbsurdist theatre and existentialism
Absurdist theatre and existentialism
Prof.Ravindra Borse
 
Paradise lost-book-i
Paradise lost-book-iParadise lost-book-i
Paradise lost-book-i
mrsabercrombie
 
Milton's Paradise Lost Part 1
Milton's Paradise Lost Part 1Milton's Paradise Lost Part 1
Milton's Paradise Lost Part 1
Simonetta Collatina
 
Dr. Faustus themes and symbols
Dr. Faustus themes and symbolsDr. Faustus themes and symbols
Dr. Faustus themes and symbols
Izzati Zaiton
 
Humanism in Dr.Faustus
Humanism in Dr.FaustusHumanism in Dr.Faustus
Humanism in Dr.Faustus
Lajja Bhatt
 
THE WAY OF THE WORLD: WILLIAM CONGREVE
THE WAY OF THE WORLD: WILLIAM CONGREVETHE WAY OF THE WORLD: WILLIAM CONGREVE
THE WAY OF THE WORLD: WILLIAM CONGREVE
TIYASHAROY
 
Kadambari PPT.pptx
Kadambari PPT.pptxKadambari PPT.pptx
Kadambari PPT.pptx
MDBagbulIslam
 
Dr. Faustus as a tragic hero
Dr. Faustus as a tragic heroDr. Faustus as a tragic hero
Dr. Faustus as a tragic hero
gondasmita
 
Mourning becomes Electra - Kaushal Desai Presentation
Mourning becomes Electra - Kaushal Desai PresentationMourning becomes Electra - Kaushal Desai Presentation
Mourning becomes Electra - Kaushal Desai Presentation
Kaushal Desai
 

What's hot (20)

To justify the ways of god to men
To justify the ways of god to menTo justify the ways of god to men
To justify the ways of god to men
 
Wide Sargasso Sea : The story of the Madwomen in the attic
Wide Sargasso Sea : The story of the Madwomen in the atticWide Sargasso Sea : The story of the Madwomen in the attic
Wide Sargasso Sea : The story of the Madwomen in the attic
 
Supernatural Element in Shakesperian Tragedy
Supernatural Element in Shakesperian TragedySupernatural Element in Shakesperian Tragedy
Supernatural Element in Shakesperian Tragedy
 
Symbolism and themes of dr.faustus
Symbolism and themes of dr.faustusSymbolism and themes of dr.faustus
Symbolism and themes of dr.faustus
 
Doctor Faustus
Doctor Faustus Doctor Faustus
Doctor Faustus
 
Pamela
PamelaPamela
Pamela
 
Midnight's Children: A Postcolonial Critique
Midnight's Children: A Postcolonial CritiqueMidnight's Children: A Postcolonial Critique
Midnight's Children: A Postcolonial Critique
 
The Birthday Party(1958)
The Birthday Party(1958)The Birthday Party(1958)
The Birthday Party(1958)
 
Doctor Faustus by Christopher Marlowe
Doctor Faustus by Christopher MarloweDoctor Faustus by Christopher Marlowe
Doctor Faustus by Christopher Marlowe
 
Murder in the cathedral ppt
Murder in the cathedral pptMurder in the cathedral ppt
Murder in the cathedral ppt
 
Dr faustus character,symbol,setting,plot
Dr faustus character,symbol,setting,plotDr faustus character,symbol,setting,plot
Dr faustus character,symbol,setting,plot
 
Absurdist theatre and existentialism
Absurdist theatre and existentialismAbsurdist theatre and existentialism
Absurdist theatre and existentialism
 
Paradise lost-book-i
Paradise lost-book-iParadise lost-book-i
Paradise lost-book-i
 
Milton's Paradise Lost Part 1
Milton's Paradise Lost Part 1Milton's Paradise Lost Part 1
Milton's Paradise Lost Part 1
 
Dr. Faustus themes and symbols
Dr. Faustus themes and symbolsDr. Faustus themes and symbols
Dr. Faustus themes and symbols
 
Humanism in Dr.Faustus
Humanism in Dr.FaustusHumanism in Dr.Faustus
Humanism in Dr.Faustus
 
THE WAY OF THE WORLD: WILLIAM CONGREVE
THE WAY OF THE WORLD: WILLIAM CONGREVETHE WAY OF THE WORLD: WILLIAM CONGREVE
THE WAY OF THE WORLD: WILLIAM CONGREVE
 
Kadambari PPT.pptx
Kadambari PPT.pptxKadambari PPT.pptx
Kadambari PPT.pptx
 
Dr. Faustus as a tragic hero
Dr. Faustus as a tragic heroDr. Faustus as a tragic hero
Dr. Faustus as a tragic hero
 
Mourning becomes Electra - Kaushal Desai Presentation
Mourning becomes Electra - Kaushal Desai PresentationMourning becomes Electra - Kaushal Desai Presentation
Mourning becomes Electra - Kaushal Desai Presentation
 

Viewers also liked

Comparison of macbeth script & film adaption
Comparison of macbeth script & film adaptionComparison of macbeth script & film adaption
Comparison of macbeth script & film adaption
mrhoward12
 
Macbeth - Witches
Macbeth - WitchesMacbeth - Witches
Macbeth - Witches
teachtredwell
 
Macbeth Power Point
Macbeth  Power  PointMacbeth  Power  Point
Macbeth Power Point
mkennedy68
 
Comparison and contrast of macbeth and lady macbeth
Comparison and contrast of macbeth and lady macbethComparison and contrast of macbeth and lady macbeth
Comparison and contrast of macbeth and lady macbeth
Illyana Nazri
 
Themes in macbeth
Themes in macbethThemes in macbeth
Themes in macbeth
Apurva Ankolkar
 
Fair is foul and foul is fair
Fair is foul and foul is fairFair is foul and foul is fair
Fair is foul and foul is fair
mrhoward12
 
Macbeth Comprehension Questions
Macbeth Comprehension QuestionsMacbeth Comprehension Questions
Macbeth Comprehension Questions
Mark O'Meara
 
Macbeth, act 4 scene 1 2-3 by njood
Macbeth, act 4 scene 1 2-3 by njoodMacbeth, act 4 scene 1 2-3 by njood
Macbeth, act 4 scene 1 2-3 by njood
lane448
 
Macbeth review act 4
Macbeth review act 4Macbeth review act 4
Macbeth review act 4
Elizabeth Richardson
 
Macbeth Act 2 Notes Teacher
Macbeth Act 2 Notes TeacherMacbeth Act 2 Notes Teacher
Macbeth Act 2 Notes Teacher
egermann
 
Macbeth Act 1 Notes
Macbeth Act 1 NotesMacbeth Act 1 Notes
Macbeth Act 1 Notes
egermann
 
Introduction to-macbeth history ppt
Introduction to-macbeth history pptIntroduction to-macbeth history ppt
Introduction to-macbeth history ppt
spinheiro79
 
Macbeth 110709090225-phpapp02
Macbeth 110709090225-phpapp02Macbeth 110709090225-phpapp02
Macbeth 110709090225-phpapp02
Nadia Du Bruin
 
Macbeth ppt
Macbeth pptMacbeth ppt
Macbeth ppt
hanxixixixi
 
Macbeth intro GCSE 9-1
Macbeth intro GCSE 9-1Macbeth intro GCSE 9-1
Macbeth intro GCSE 9-1
L Lambe
 
Witches Part1 power point
Witches Part1 power pointWitches Part1 power point
Witches Part1 power point
mirentelletxea
 
Sybolism in Shakespeare
Sybolism in Shakespeare Sybolism in Shakespeare
Sybolism in Shakespeare
jwinters120070
 
Macbeth presentation
Macbeth presentationMacbeth presentation
Macbeth presentation
Teenie334
 
Sleepwalking scene by fatima alsaiari
Sleepwalking scene by fatima alsaiariSleepwalking scene by fatima alsaiari
Sleepwalking scene by fatima alsaiari
lane448
 
Macbeth Study Guide
Macbeth Study Guide Macbeth Study Guide
Macbeth Study Guide
Debra Stephen
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Comparison of macbeth script & film adaption
Comparison of macbeth script & film adaptionComparison of macbeth script & film adaption
Comparison of macbeth script & film adaption
 
Macbeth - Witches
Macbeth - WitchesMacbeth - Witches
Macbeth - Witches
 
Macbeth Power Point
Macbeth  Power  PointMacbeth  Power  Point
Macbeth Power Point
 
Comparison and contrast of macbeth and lady macbeth
Comparison and contrast of macbeth and lady macbethComparison and contrast of macbeth and lady macbeth
Comparison and contrast of macbeth and lady macbeth
 
Themes in macbeth
Themes in macbethThemes in macbeth
Themes in macbeth
 
Fair is foul and foul is fair
Fair is foul and foul is fairFair is foul and foul is fair
Fair is foul and foul is fair
 
Macbeth Comprehension Questions
Macbeth Comprehension QuestionsMacbeth Comprehension Questions
Macbeth Comprehension Questions
 
Macbeth, act 4 scene 1 2-3 by njood
Macbeth, act 4 scene 1 2-3 by njoodMacbeth, act 4 scene 1 2-3 by njood
Macbeth, act 4 scene 1 2-3 by njood
 
Macbeth review act 4
Macbeth review act 4Macbeth review act 4
Macbeth review act 4
 
Macbeth Act 2 Notes Teacher
Macbeth Act 2 Notes TeacherMacbeth Act 2 Notes Teacher
Macbeth Act 2 Notes Teacher
 
Macbeth Act 1 Notes
Macbeth Act 1 NotesMacbeth Act 1 Notes
Macbeth Act 1 Notes
 
Introduction to-macbeth history ppt
Introduction to-macbeth history pptIntroduction to-macbeth history ppt
Introduction to-macbeth history ppt
 
Macbeth 110709090225-phpapp02
Macbeth 110709090225-phpapp02Macbeth 110709090225-phpapp02
Macbeth 110709090225-phpapp02
 
Macbeth ppt
Macbeth pptMacbeth ppt
Macbeth ppt
 
Macbeth intro GCSE 9-1
Macbeth intro GCSE 9-1Macbeth intro GCSE 9-1
Macbeth intro GCSE 9-1
 
Witches Part1 power point
Witches Part1 power pointWitches Part1 power point
Witches Part1 power point
 
Sybolism in Shakespeare
Sybolism in Shakespeare Sybolism in Shakespeare
Sybolism in Shakespeare
 
Macbeth presentation
Macbeth presentationMacbeth presentation
Macbeth presentation
 
Sleepwalking scene by fatima alsaiari
Sleepwalking scene by fatima alsaiariSleepwalking scene by fatima alsaiari
Sleepwalking scene by fatima alsaiari
 
Macbeth Study Guide
Macbeth Study Guide Macbeth Study Guide
Macbeth Study Guide
 

Similar to The witches in macbeth

Macbeth Overview ppt
Macbeth Overview pptMacbeth Overview ppt
Macbeth Overview ppt
stgregseng
 
Essay plan for macbeth
Essay plan for macbethEssay plan for macbeth
Essay plan for macbeth
mrhoward12
 
macbeth-questions-with-answers.ppt
macbeth-questions-with-answers.pptmacbeth-questions-with-answers.ppt
macbeth-questions-with-answers.ppt
DukeSaad
 
Macbeth 2
Macbeth 2Macbeth 2
Macbeth 2
Janica Rose Lim
 
Macbeth
MacbethMacbeth
Macbeth
vlequire
 
Macbeth
MacbethMacbeth
Macbeth
Lina Ell
 
Macbeth Act V
Macbeth Act VMacbeth Act V
Macbeth Act V
Adnan Aqram
 
Lin ophelia macbeth- presentation
Lin  ophelia macbeth- presentationLin  ophelia macbeth- presentation
Lin ophelia macbeth- presentation
OpheliaLin
 
Introduction to Macbeth - William Shakespeare
Introduction to Macbeth - William Shakespeare Introduction to Macbeth - William Shakespeare
Introduction to Macbeth - William Shakespeare
Shreshtha Ramsout
 

Similar to The witches in macbeth (9)

Macbeth Overview ppt
Macbeth Overview pptMacbeth Overview ppt
Macbeth Overview ppt
 
Essay plan for macbeth
Essay plan for macbethEssay plan for macbeth
Essay plan for macbeth
 
macbeth-questions-with-answers.ppt
macbeth-questions-with-answers.pptmacbeth-questions-with-answers.ppt
macbeth-questions-with-answers.ppt
 
Macbeth 2
Macbeth 2Macbeth 2
Macbeth 2
 
Macbeth
MacbethMacbeth
Macbeth
 
Macbeth
MacbethMacbeth
Macbeth
 
Macbeth Act V
Macbeth Act VMacbeth Act V
Macbeth Act V
 
Lin ophelia macbeth- presentation
Lin  ophelia macbeth- presentationLin  ophelia macbeth- presentation
Lin ophelia macbeth- presentation
 
Introduction to Macbeth - William Shakespeare
Introduction to Macbeth - William Shakespeare Introduction to Macbeth - William Shakespeare
Introduction to Macbeth - William Shakespeare
 

More from Gc Howard

U7L6
U7L6U7L6
U7L6
Gc Howard
 
Lesson 8 ppt
Lesson 8 pptLesson 8 ppt
Lesson 8 ppt
Gc Howard
 
Lesson 9 ppt
Lesson 9 pptLesson 9 ppt
Lesson 9 ppt
Gc Howard
 
Unseen poetry to display
Unseen poetry to displayUnseen poetry to display
Unseen poetry to display
Gc Howard
 
My evaluation – question 3
My evaluation – question 3My evaluation – question 3
My evaluation – question 3
Gc Howard
 
My evaluation – question 4
My evaluation – question 4My evaluation – question 4
My evaluation – question 4
Gc Howard
 
My evaluation – question 2
My evaluation – question 2My evaluation – question 2
My evaluation – question 2
Gc Howard
 
My evaluation – question 1
My evaluation – question 1My evaluation – question 1
My evaluation – question 1
Gc Howard
 
Creating a moodboard
Creating a moodboardCreating a moodboard
Creating a moodboard
Gc Howard
 
How to research music magazines web resource
How to research music magazines web resourceHow to research music magazines web resource
How to research music magazines web resource
Gc Howard
 
12 ideology
12 ideology12 ideology
12 ideology
Gc Howard
 
Curleyswifemonologue
CurleyswifemonologueCurleyswifemonologue
Curleyswifemonologue
Gc Howard
 
11m2 resits
11m2 resits11m2 resits
11m2 resits
Gc Howard
 
Induction lesson deyes
Induction lesson deyesInduction lesson deyes
Induction lesson deyes
Gc Howard
 
7 - act 2 scene 3 drinking and fighting
7 -   act 2 scene 3 drinking and fighting7 -   act 2 scene 3 drinking and fighting
7 - act 2 scene 3 drinking and fighting
Gc Howard
 
A2 media intro
A2 media introA2 media intro
A2 media intro
Gc Howard
 
Setting in of mice and men2
Setting in of mice and men2Setting in of mice and men2
Setting in of mice and men2
Gc Howard
 
Evaluation – ticking all the boxes
Evaluation – ticking all the boxesEvaluation – ticking all the boxes
Evaluation – ticking all the boxes
Gc Howard
 
Evaluation – how to tick all the boxes
Evaluation – how to tick all the boxesEvaluation – how to tick all the boxes
Evaluation – how to tick all the boxes
Gc Howard
 
19 ugc
19   ugc19   ugc
19 ugc
Gc Howard
 

More from Gc Howard (20)

U7L6
U7L6U7L6
U7L6
 
Lesson 8 ppt
Lesson 8 pptLesson 8 ppt
Lesson 8 ppt
 
Lesson 9 ppt
Lesson 9 pptLesson 9 ppt
Lesson 9 ppt
 
Unseen poetry to display
Unseen poetry to displayUnseen poetry to display
Unseen poetry to display
 
My evaluation – question 3
My evaluation – question 3My evaluation – question 3
My evaluation – question 3
 
My evaluation – question 4
My evaluation – question 4My evaluation – question 4
My evaluation – question 4
 
My evaluation – question 2
My evaluation – question 2My evaluation – question 2
My evaluation – question 2
 
My evaluation – question 1
My evaluation – question 1My evaluation – question 1
My evaluation – question 1
 
Creating a moodboard
Creating a moodboardCreating a moodboard
Creating a moodboard
 
How to research music magazines web resource
How to research music magazines web resourceHow to research music magazines web resource
How to research music magazines web resource
 
12 ideology
12 ideology12 ideology
12 ideology
 
Curleyswifemonologue
CurleyswifemonologueCurleyswifemonologue
Curleyswifemonologue
 
11m2 resits
11m2 resits11m2 resits
11m2 resits
 
Induction lesson deyes
Induction lesson deyesInduction lesson deyes
Induction lesson deyes
 
7 - act 2 scene 3 drinking and fighting
7 -   act 2 scene 3 drinking and fighting7 -   act 2 scene 3 drinking and fighting
7 - act 2 scene 3 drinking and fighting
 
A2 media intro
A2 media introA2 media intro
A2 media intro
 
Setting in of mice and men2
Setting in of mice and men2Setting in of mice and men2
Setting in of mice and men2
 
Evaluation – ticking all the boxes
Evaluation – ticking all the boxesEvaluation – ticking all the boxes
Evaluation – ticking all the boxes
 
Evaluation – how to tick all the boxes
Evaluation – how to tick all the boxesEvaluation – how to tick all the boxes
Evaluation – how to tick all the boxes
 
19 ugc
19   ugc19   ugc
19 ugc
 

The witches in macbeth

  • 1. The Witches in Macbeth
  • 2. Shakespeare’s Times • During the reign of Elizabeth 1 public concern over witchcraft grew. In 1564 a law was passed making murder by witchcraft punishable by death. • In Scotland 8,000 witches were burned to death between 1564 & 1603. • King James 1 became personally involved with witchcraft when he and his wife Anne were almost shipwrecked on returning to Scotland from Denmark in 1590.
  • 3. • Dr Fian and the “witches of Berwick” were found guilty of trying to kill them by raising storms at sea. • James 1 published a book on witchcraft named Demonology in 1597.
  • 4. Divine Order • In Jacobean times people believed that the whole universe had an order that was decided by God. Anything unnatural was against the divine order. Kings were God’s agents , so action against a King was a crime against God. Satan, who had rebelled against God, was responsible, through witches and evil spirits, for all attacks on the divine order.
  • 5. • Shakespeare would have been well aware of his patron the king’s interest in and fear of witchcraft and so has chosen to make the witches the catalyst for all the evil events which occur in the play. • They lead Macbeth into evil deeds but also trick him into feeling invincible. • Banquo, who was an ancestor of James remains uncorrupted by them.
  • 6. Lesson Objectives • To fully understand Shakespeare’s use of language in Act 1 Scene 1 of Macbeth.
  • 7. Act One Scene One • Why do you think the scene opens with thunder & lightning? • This is the first scene, what tone does it set? • What is “the heath ?” • What are “Greymalkin & Paddock? • What do you think they mean by “Fair is foul, and foul is fair”? • What do you notice about the way the witches speak?
  • 8. Your Turn This is a chance to improve your Speaking & Listening Role Play mark. Split into groups of three. Practise a performance of this opening scene. Try as much as possible to do without your script. Concentrate on conveying a sense of evil.
  • 9. Beliefs about witches • They were often held responsible for the death of animals. • They travelled the seas in sieves. • When witches transformed themselves into animals they were often incomplete. • They could control the winds. • Parts of corpses were used in casting spells. • The number 3 and its multiples were regarded as magic numbers.
  • 10. Act 1 Scene 3 • What does the first witch say she has been doing? • What does the second witch say she is going to do? • What is the second witch carrying with her? • What impression to we gain of the witches from their conversation up to line 30?
  • 11. Line 38 Macbeth and Banquo are on their way back from battle where they have defeated the Norwegian forces who have been trying to overthrow King Duncan. The Norwegians were helped by the Thane of Cawdor, a Scottish lord who has turned traitor. Line 38 “So fair and foul a day I have not seen.” Macbeth’s words echo those of the witches in scene 1.
  • 12. Line 39 - 46 What do we learn about the witches’ appearance from what Banquo says in these lines?
  • 13. Line 47 - 69 • What 3 things do the witches say to Macbeth? • What do they say to Banquo?
  • 14. Line 70 -133 • What news does Ross bring? • What is Banquo’s reaction?(line 107) • How does the news seem to effect Macbeth? • Line 120 – 127. What does Banquo warn Macbeth about?
  • 15. Act Four Scene One By this stage in the play Macbeth has killed Duncan and become king. He was tormented by the fact that according to the witches Banquo’s ancestors would become kings so he has hired murderers to kill him. Banquo’s son escaped so there is still a chance that the witches prophecy could come true. Macbeth goes to find the witches again to ask them about this.
  • 16. Lines 1 - 39 The witches are in the process of mixing a spell. • List the ingredients. • What do you notice about the rhythm and rhyme in this section?
  • 17. The Apparitions These are conjured by the witches’ spell. • What are the first three apparitions and what do they tell Macbeth? • What does the fourth appear to show? • Line 44/45 What do the lines “By the pricking of my thumbs..”etc tell us about Macbeth? • Why is line 138 “Infected by the air whereon they ride, And damned all those that trust them” ironic?
  • 18. Betrayal Now you have watched the ending of Macbeth explain how the witches have betrayed Macbeth’s trust in them.
  • 19. A film presentation of the witches • Where is the opening of the play set? • How are the witches dressed? • What are they doing? • What effect do they have on the audience?