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This document discusses different types of lines and how they are used in art and design. It defines horizontal lines as those that are drawn or imagined to pass through the point of sight. Geometric lines occur where two intersecting lines of different shapes meet. Linear perspective uses lines to create the illusion of volume and space, with objects appearing to shrink and converge at a distant vanishing point. The document then discusses various line-related terms like hemlines, queues, movement, vertical/spiral/organic lines, shorelines, tapered shapes, continuous shapes, gradients, and thickness/outlines.

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Jamie and Joey's Geometry Outside

Parallel lines never cross and remain the same distance apart. Perpendicular lines intersect at a square angle. Intersecting lines pass through the same point. A line is a straight path of points that extends indefinitely in both directions. A point specifies an exact location. A line segment is part of a line with two endpoints. A plane is an endless flat surface. A ray has one endpoint and extends indefinitely in one direction.

5 parallelism

Parallelism refers to two or more lines or planes in Euclidean space that do not intersect. Euclid's parallel postulate states that given a line and a point not on the line, there is exactly one line through the point that is parallel to the given line. Two lines are parallel if they remain an equal distance apart and never intersect. In elliptic geometry on a sphere, all lines are great circles that intersect, so there are no parallel lines. In hyperbolic geometry using the Poincare disc model, lines are represented by arcs of circles orthogonal to the boundary circle.

Paper Crane Lesson Power Point

The document discusses geometry definitions related to lines of symmetry, congruent and similar polygons, parallel lines, and perpendicular lines. It then provides instructions to fold an origami crane and asks questions to apply the geometry definitions, such as identifying lines of symmetry, congruent/similar triangles, and parallel/perpendicular lines in the crane. Finally, it asks if the center square is similar to the origami square and to prove it using the theorems.

WELL PRESENTED & DETAILED PROJECT FILE ON SYMMETRY

This document discusses the concept of symmetry in geometry. It defines symmetry as identical parts of a figure after folding or flipping. There are three main types of symmetry discussed: linear symmetry where a line divides a figure into identical parts, rotational symmetry where a shape is rotated around a central point, and reflection symmetry where a shape is divided by a mirror line into matching halves. The document aims to introduce the key ideas of symmetry and stimulate discussion around different symmetry types.

EUCLID'S GEOMETRY

FOR THOSE WHO WANT TO LEARN AND GET IDEA ABOUT EUCLID'S GEOMETRY SHOULD SEE THIS PPT THANK U HAVE A GOOD DAY

Crystallographic and geometric symmetry

The document discusses symmetry in geometry and crystallography. There are three elements of crystallographic symmetry: axis of symmetry, where a crystal can be rotated around an imaginary line to fill the same space multiple times; plane of symmetry, where an imaginary plane divides a crystal into mirror image halves; and center of symmetry, where points on the crystal are equidistant from the center along an imaginary line. Symmetry is a balanced similarity found in two halves of an object, and it is a fundamental property of the orderly arrangements of atoms in crystalline solids.

Maths Project: Symmetry

This document presents a maths project on symmetry by Riya Ben of class 7. It defines symmetry as identical matching of two or more parts of a figure after folding or flipping. A line of symmetry, also called an axis of symmetry, is an imaginary line that divides a shape into two identical pieces. There are different types of symmetry including linear symmetry where a line divides a figure into identical parts, rotational symmetry where a shape is rotated around a central point, and reflection symmetry where a shape matches its mirror image when reflected across a dividing line.

Symmetry - Rotational and Reflection

Symmetry refers to self-similarity across a dividing line or axis of rotation. There are two main types of symmetry: reflective symmetry, where a shape is identical to its mirror image across a bisecting line, and rotational symmetry, where a shape looks the same when rotated partway around a center point. A shape has reflective symmetry if its two halves are exactly matching mirror images, as seen when a heart shape is cut out from folded paper with the two half-hearts forming a whole heart.

Jamie and Joey's Geometry Outside

Parallel lines never cross and remain the same distance apart. Perpendicular lines intersect at a square angle. Intersecting lines pass through the same point. A line is a straight path of points that extends indefinitely in both directions. A point specifies an exact location. A line segment is part of a line with two endpoints. A plane is an endless flat surface. A ray has one endpoint and extends indefinitely in one direction.

5 parallelism

Parallelism refers to two or more lines or planes in Euclidean space that do not intersect. Euclid's parallel postulate states that given a line and a point not on the line, there is exactly one line through the point that is parallel to the given line. Two lines are parallel if they remain an equal distance apart and never intersect. In elliptic geometry on a sphere, all lines are great circles that intersect, so there are no parallel lines. In hyperbolic geometry using the Poincare disc model, lines are represented by arcs of circles orthogonal to the boundary circle.

Paper Crane Lesson Power Point

The document discusses geometry definitions related to lines of symmetry, congruent and similar polygons, parallel lines, and perpendicular lines. It then provides instructions to fold an origami crane and asks questions to apply the geometry definitions, such as identifying lines of symmetry, congruent/similar triangles, and parallel/perpendicular lines in the crane. Finally, it asks if the center square is similar to the origami square and to prove it using the theorems.

WELL PRESENTED & DETAILED PROJECT FILE ON SYMMETRY

This document discusses the concept of symmetry in geometry. It defines symmetry as identical parts of a figure after folding or flipping. There are three main types of symmetry discussed: linear symmetry where a line divides a figure into identical parts, rotational symmetry where a shape is rotated around a central point, and reflection symmetry where a shape is divided by a mirror line into matching halves. The document aims to introduce the key ideas of symmetry and stimulate discussion around different symmetry types.

EUCLID'S GEOMETRY

FOR THOSE WHO WANT TO LEARN AND GET IDEA ABOUT EUCLID'S GEOMETRY SHOULD SEE THIS PPT THANK U HAVE A GOOD DAY

Crystallographic and geometric symmetry

The document discusses symmetry in geometry and crystallography. There are three elements of crystallographic symmetry: axis of symmetry, where a crystal can be rotated around an imaginary line to fill the same space multiple times; plane of symmetry, where an imaginary plane divides a crystal into mirror image halves; and center of symmetry, where points on the crystal are equidistant from the center along an imaginary line. Symmetry is a balanced similarity found in two halves of an object, and it is a fundamental property of the orderly arrangements of atoms in crystalline solids.

Maths Project: Symmetry

This document presents a maths project on symmetry by Riya Ben of class 7. It defines symmetry as identical matching of two or more parts of a figure after folding or flipping. A line of symmetry, also called an axis of symmetry, is an imaginary line that divides a shape into two identical pieces. There are different types of symmetry including linear symmetry where a line divides a figure into identical parts, rotational symmetry where a shape is rotated around a central point, and reflection symmetry where a shape matches its mirror image when reflected across a dividing line.

Symmetry - Rotational and Reflection

Symmetry refers to self-similarity across a dividing line or axis of rotation. There are two main types of symmetry: reflective symmetry, where a shape is identical to its mirror image across a bisecting line, and rotational symmetry, where a shape looks the same when rotated partway around a center point. A shape has reflective symmetry if its two halves are exactly matching mirror images, as seen when a heart shape is cut out from folded paper with the two half-hearts forming a whole heart.

Crystallographic axis and axial angles

The document discusses crystallographic axes, which are imaginary lines drawn within a crystal lattice that define a coordinate system. There must be 3 or sometimes 4 axes for 3D crystal lattices. The axes can be equal or unequal in length and perpendicular, or the vertical axis can be different in length from equal horizontal axes separated by 120 degrees, or all three axes can be unequal and one may be inclined relative to the others.

Balance

This document discusses the basic elements of art - line, color, form, shape, texture, and space. It then explains the principle of balance in design, which concerns achieving equilibrium between visual elements. Balance can be achieved through symmetrical, asymmetrical, or radial symmetry arrangements. As a task, students are asked to design a radial symmetry wheel using the elements of color, line, and space.

Subset of a line

The document discusses the subsets of a line in geometry, which are line segments and rays. A line segment begins at one point and ends at another, making it finite. A ray starts at a point and extends infinitely in one direction. Lines are important in geometry as the intersection of two planes, and mathematicians break lines down into subsets like line segments and rays to simplify complex geometric problems.

Art Fundamentals Ch03

This document discusses the vocabulary and characteristics of lines in art. It defines key line-related terms like contour, hatching, implied line and describes the physical properties of lines including measure, type, direction, location and character. Lines can be used to define shapes, create texture, imply movement and communicate expression. The document examines how an artist can manipulate various line qualities like thickness, curvature and direction to achieve different expressive effects.

Principles of Arts

This document discusses principles of organization in visual arts. It defines organization as the arrangement of elements that make a whole work of art. It then describes several principles of organization in visual arts, including rhythm, emphasis, unity, balance (symmetrical, asymmetrical, radial), proportion, movement, harmony, and variety. Rhythm refers to a regular arrangement that guides the eye. Emphasis strongly draws attention. Unity summarizes all design elements. Balance creates a feeling of stability. Proportion shows relationships between parts and whole. Movement applies to single or whole compositions. Harmony creates cohesiveness through similarities. Variety adds interest through contrast. The principles overlap and can emphasize specific areas.

Lines

This document defines and provides examples of different line concepts in geometry including points, lines, line segments, rays, parallel lines, intersecting lines, and perpendicular lines. A line extends infinitely in both directions while a point is an exact location. A line segment connects two points and includes all points in between. A ray extends infinitely in one direction from an endpoint. Parallel lines always remain the same distance apart while intersecting lines cross and perpendicular lines cross to form right angles.

Planes & skew lines

The document defines various geometric terms including planes, faces, edges, vertices, diagonals, parallel lines, intersecting lines, perpendicular lines, and skew lines. Specifically, it notes that a face is the side or base of a figure, an edge is where two faces meet, a vertex is where three or more edges meet, a diagonal connects two non-adjacent vertices, parallel lines do not intersect and are in the same plane, intersecting lines cross or touch, perpendicular lines intersect at a right angle, and skew lines do not intersect and are not in the same plane.

Assignment 1

This document discusses the crystalline structure of materials and symmetry elements in crystals. It defines a crystal as a solid with atoms, molecules, or ions arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure called a lattice. Crystals can be isotropic, with uniform properties in all directions, or anisotropic, with properties that vary by orientation. The flat surfaces that bound a crystal are called faces. Crystals exhibit symmetry through repetitive patterns of atomic arrangement. There are three types of symmetry elements: planes of symmetry that divide the crystal into mirror images, axes of symmetry where rotation around the axis presents the same appearance multiple times, and centers of symmetry at the crystal's center point.

Line and angle

This document discusses different types of lines and angles. It defines lines as one-dimensional figures with length but no width, made up of points extended infinitely in both directions. The types of lines discussed are intersecting lines which share one common point, non-intersecting lines which do not intersect, perpendicular lines which form a 90 degree angle, parallel lines which never meet, and transversal lines which pass through two lines at two distinct points. Angles are defined as figures formed by two rays meeting at a common endpoint, and types of angles include acute, right, obtuse, straight, reflex, and full angles based on their degree measurements.

Lines line segments rays and angles

This document defines and describes basic geometric terms including lines, line segments, rays, angles, and the relationships between them. It defines a line as extending indefinitely in both directions, a line segment as having two endpoints, a ray as having one endpoint and extending in one direction, and defines right, acute, and obtuse angles. It also describes parallel and perpendicular lines as well as vertices where lines or rays meet to form angles.

circles

A circle is defined as all points equidistant from a center point. The radius is the distance from the center to the circumference, while the diameter is the longest chord passing through the center. Other circle terms defined include chord, arc, segment, secant, and tangent.

symmetry for class 7

This document discusses different types of symmetry in shapes and figures. It defines a line of symmetry as a line on which a figure can be folded to match both sides exactly. It then provides examples of shapes with lines of symmetry like hearts and flags. It discusses rotational symmetry in regular polygons and defines other types of symmetry like translation as sliding a figure and reflection as flipping a figure over a line. The document uses examples of shapes to illustrate these different symmetry concepts.

Geometry

This document defines key geometry terms including: perpendicular line segments which intersect at right angles; a line segment between two endpoints; a line that extends forever in both directions; a ray starting at an endpoint and extending in one direction; an angle of 90 degrees; the point where angle rays meet; intersecting lines that cross but do not form a right angle; polygons that are pushed outward or inward; a four sided shape; parallel lines that never meet and are the same distance apart; a rectangle with right angles; a parallelogram with equal length sides; a quadrilateral with one pair of parallel sides; a quadrilateral with two pairs of parallel lines; parallel rays that never meet; a line from a circle center to

Geometry In Our World

Parallel lines with no transversal are lines that never meet and are always the same distance apart. A cylinder is a solid object with two identical circular or elliptical ends connected by a curved side. An equilateral triangle has all three sides of equal length. Two perpendicular, bisecting line segments divide two lines equally at a 90 degree angle. Vertical angles formed by two intersecting lines are opposite each other. A circle with 4-6 measurable diameters is divided into equal parts. An isosceles trapezoid contains parallel lines and two equal sides. A quadrilateral can have equal angles but unequal sides.

Symmetry

Symmetry is discussed in the document, including line symmetry and mirror reflection. Line symmetry occurs when a figure can be folded along a line so that the two halves are identical mirror images. Mirror reflection produces identical images that are left-right reversals. Figures can have no lines of symmetry, one line, two lines, or multiple lines depending on their shape. Symmetry is important in areas like art, architecture, and design as it produces pleasing proportional balances.

CLASS VI MATHS SYMMETRY

Symmetry is present in many areas of everyday life such as art, architecture, textiles, car manufacturing, and rangoli. There are three main types of symmetry: line symmetry, rotational symmetry, and mirror reflection. Line symmetry occurs when a line can be drawn to divide a figure into two identical halves. The number of lines of symmetry an object has can be zero, one, two, or multiple. Rotational symmetry is when an object looks the same after being rotated around a fixed center point. The angle of rotation and number of rotations before the object looks the same again determine its rotational symmetry.

Great Polygon Powerpoint

The document defines and describes the key properties of various 2-D shapes including triangles, quadrilaterals, regular polygons, and circles. It outlines characteristics such as the number of sides, angles, lines of symmetry, and rotational symmetry for each shape. The types of triangles covered are equilateral, isosceles, right-angled, and scalene triangles. Quadrilaterals discussed include rectangles, squares, parallelograms, trapezoids, rhombuses, kites, and oblongs. Regular polygons from pentagons to decagons are also defined.

Triangle

This document defines and describes different types of triangles based on their side lengths and angles. It explains that a triangle can be equilateral, isosceles, or scalene depending on whether its sides are all equal, two sides are equal, or all sides are unequal. It also defines right, obtuse, and acute triangles based on whether they have one 90 degree angle, one angle over 90 degrees, or all angles under 90 degrees.

Symmetry Presentation By Sharanya

The document discusses different types of symmetry, including line symmetry and rotational symmetry. Line symmetry occurs when one half of an object is a mirror image of the other half. Rotational symmetry is when an object looks the same after being rotated around a center point by a certain number of degrees. Examples are given of different shapes and objects that demonstrate line symmetry, such as butterflies and smiley faces, as well as rotational symmetry, including triangles, pizzas, and flowers.

Line , shape form , space & TEXTURE

This document defines and explains key art elements including line, shape, form, space, and texture. It discusses the different types of lines such as horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curved, and zigzag lines and the feelings they communicate. It defines shape as a two-dimensional figure enclosed by a line and distinguishes between geometric and organic shapes. Form is defined as having three dimensions of height, width, and depth. Space refers to the area between, around, above and below objects. Finally, it describes tactile, artificial and visual textures.

Art Appreciation

This document provides an overview of key artistic elements including line, shape, color, texture and space. It discusses the building blocks of composition in visual art, including the point, line, shape and figure/ground relationships. Specific types of lines such as actual, implied, straight, expressive and calligraphic lines are defined. Positive and negative shapes are described as well as how they create figure/ground relationships within a composition. Artworks like Las Meninas by Velazquez are used to illustrate these concepts.

Crystallographic axis and axial angles

The document discusses crystallographic axes, which are imaginary lines drawn within a crystal lattice that define a coordinate system. There must be 3 or sometimes 4 axes for 3D crystal lattices. The axes can be equal or unequal in length and perpendicular, or the vertical axis can be different in length from equal horizontal axes separated by 120 degrees, or all three axes can be unequal and one may be inclined relative to the others.

Balance

This document discusses the basic elements of art - line, color, form, shape, texture, and space. It then explains the principle of balance in design, which concerns achieving equilibrium between visual elements. Balance can be achieved through symmetrical, asymmetrical, or radial symmetry arrangements. As a task, students are asked to design a radial symmetry wheel using the elements of color, line, and space.

Subset of a line

The document discusses the subsets of a line in geometry, which are line segments and rays. A line segment begins at one point and ends at another, making it finite. A ray starts at a point and extends infinitely in one direction. Lines are important in geometry as the intersection of two planes, and mathematicians break lines down into subsets like line segments and rays to simplify complex geometric problems.

Art Fundamentals Ch03

This document discusses the vocabulary and characteristics of lines in art. It defines key line-related terms like contour, hatching, implied line and describes the physical properties of lines including measure, type, direction, location and character. Lines can be used to define shapes, create texture, imply movement and communicate expression. The document examines how an artist can manipulate various line qualities like thickness, curvature and direction to achieve different expressive effects.

Principles of Arts

This document discusses principles of organization in visual arts. It defines organization as the arrangement of elements that make a whole work of art. It then describes several principles of organization in visual arts, including rhythm, emphasis, unity, balance (symmetrical, asymmetrical, radial), proportion, movement, harmony, and variety. Rhythm refers to a regular arrangement that guides the eye. Emphasis strongly draws attention. Unity summarizes all design elements. Balance creates a feeling of stability. Proportion shows relationships between parts and whole. Movement applies to single or whole compositions. Harmony creates cohesiveness through similarities. Variety adds interest through contrast. The principles overlap and can emphasize specific areas.

Lines

This document defines and provides examples of different line concepts in geometry including points, lines, line segments, rays, parallel lines, intersecting lines, and perpendicular lines. A line extends infinitely in both directions while a point is an exact location. A line segment connects two points and includes all points in between. A ray extends infinitely in one direction from an endpoint. Parallel lines always remain the same distance apart while intersecting lines cross and perpendicular lines cross to form right angles.

Planes & skew lines

The document defines various geometric terms including planes, faces, edges, vertices, diagonals, parallel lines, intersecting lines, perpendicular lines, and skew lines. Specifically, it notes that a face is the side or base of a figure, an edge is where two faces meet, a vertex is where three or more edges meet, a diagonal connects two non-adjacent vertices, parallel lines do not intersect and are in the same plane, intersecting lines cross or touch, perpendicular lines intersect at a right angle, and skew lines do not intersect and are not in the same plane.

Assignment 1

This document discusses the crystalline structure of materials and symmetry elements in crystals. It defines a crystal as a solid with atoms, molecules, or ions arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure called a lattice. Crystals can be isotropic, with uniform properties in all directions, or anisotropic, with properties that vary by orientation. The flat surfaces that bound a crystal are called faces. Crystals exhibit symmetry through repetitive patterns of atomic arrangement. There are three types of symmetry elements: planes of symmetry that divide the crystal into mirror images, axes of symmetry where rotation around the axis presents the same appearance multiple times, and centers of symmetry at the crystal's center point.

Line and angle

This document discusses different types of lines and angles. It defines lines as one-dimensional figures with length but no width, made up of points extended infinitely in both directions. The types of lines discussed are intersecting lines which share one common point, non-intersecting lines which do not intersect, perpendicular lines which form a 90 degree angle, parallel lines which never meet, and transversal lines which pass through two lines at two distinct points. Angles are defined as figures formed by two rays meeting at a common endpoint, and types of angles include acute, right, obtuse, straight, reflex, and full angles based on their degree measurements.

Lines line segments rays and angles

This document defines and describes basic geometric terms including lines, line segments, rays, angles, and the relationships between them. It defines a line as extending indefinitely in both directions, a line segment as having two endpoints, a ray as having one endpoint and extending in one direction, and defines right, acute, and obtuse angles. It also describes parallel and perpendicular lines as well as vertices where lines or rays meet to form angles.

circles

A circle is defined as all points equidistant from a center point. The radius is the distance from the center to the circumference, while the diameter is the longest chord passing through the center. Other circle terms defined include chord, arc, segment, secant, and tangent.

symmetry for class 7

This document discusses different types of symmetry in shapes and figures. It defines a line of symmetry as a line on which a figure can be folded to match both sides exactly. It then provides examples of shapes with lines of symmetry like hearts and flags. It discusses rotational symmetry in regular polygons and defines other types of symmetry like translation as sliding a figure and reflection as flipping a figure over a line. The document uses examples of shapes to illustrate these different symmetry concepts.

Geometry

This document defines key geometry terms including: perpendicular line segments which intersect at right angles; a line segment between two endpoints; a line that extends forever in both directions; a ray starting at an endpoint and extending in one direction; an angle of 90 degrees; the point where angle rays meet; intersecting lines that cross but do not form a right angle; polygons that are pushed outward or inward; a four sided shape; parallel lines that never meet and are the same distance apart; a rectangle with right angles; a parallelogram with equal length sides; a quadrilateral with one pair of parallel sides; a quadrilateral with two pairs of parallel lines; parallel rays that never meet; a line from a circle center to

Geometry In Our World

Parallel lines with no transversal are lines that never meet and are always the same distance apart. A cylinder is a solid object with two identical circular or elliptical ends connected by a curved side. An equilateral triangle has all three sides of equal length. Two perpendicular, bisecting line segments divide two lines equally at a 90 degree angle. Vertical angles formed by two intersecting lines are opposite each other. A circle with 4-6 measurable diameters is divided into equal parts. An isosceles trapezoid contains parallel lines and two equal sides. A quadrilateral can have equal angles but unequal sides.

Symmetry

Symmetry is discussed in the document, including line symmetry and mirror reflection. Line symmetry occurs when a figure can be folded along a line so that the two halves are identical mirror images. Mirror reflection produces identical images that are left-right reversals. Figures can have no lines of symmetry, one line, two lines, or multiple lines depending on their shape. Symmetry is important in areas like art, architecture, and design as it produces pleasing proportional balances.

CLASS VI MATHS SYMMETRY

Symmetry is present in many areas of everyday life such as art, architecture, textiles, car manufacturing, and rangoli. There are three main types of symmetry: line symmetry, rotational symmetry, and mirror reflection. Line symmetry occurs when a line can be drawn to divide a figure into two identical halves. The number of lines of symmetry an object has can be zero, one, two, or multiple. Rotational symmetry is when an object looks the same after being rotated around a fixed center point. The angle of rotation and number of rotations before the object looks the same again determine its rotational symmetry.

Great Polygon Powerpoint

The document defines and describes the key properties of various 2-D shapes including triangles, quadrilaterals, regular polygons, and circles. It outlines characteristics such as the number of sides, angles, lines of symmetry, and rotational symmetry for each shape. The types of triangles covered are equilateral, isosceles, right-angled, and scalene triangles. Quadrilaterals discussed include rectangles, squares, parallelograms, trapezoids, rhombuses, kites, and oblongs. Regular polygons from pentagons to decagons are also defined.

Triangle

This document defines and describes different types of triangles based on their side lengths and angles. It explains that a triangle can be equilateral, isosceles, or scalene depending on whether its sides are all equal, two sides are equal, or all sides are unequal. It also defines right, obtuse, and acute triangles based on whether they have one 90 degree angle, one angle over 90 degrees, or all angles under 90 degrees.

Symmetry Presentation By Sharanya

The document discusses different types of symmetry, including line symmetry and rotational symmetry. Line symmetry occurs when one half of an object is a mirror image of the other half. Rotational symmetry is when an object looks the same after being rotated around a center point by a certain number of degrees. Examples are given of different shapes and objects that demonstrate line symmetry, such as butterflies and smiley faces, as well as rotational symmetry, including triangles, pizzas, and flowers.

Crystallographic axis and axial angles

Crystallographic axis and axial angles

Balance

Balance

Subset of a line

Subset of a line

Art Fundamentals Ch03

Art Fundamentals Ch03

Principles of Arts

Principles of Arts

Lines

Lines

Planes & skew lines

Planes & skew lines

Symmetry

Symmetry

Assignment 1

Assignment 1

Line and angle

Line and angle

Lines line segments rays and angles

Lines line segments rays and angles

circles

circles

symmetry for class 7

symmetry for class 7

Geometry

Geometry

Geometry In Our World

Geometry In Our World

Symmetry

Symmetry

CLASS VI MATHS SYMMETRY

CLASS VI MATHS SYMMETRY

Great Polygon Powerpoint

Great Polygon Powerpoint

Triangle

Triangle

Symmetry Presentation By Sharanya

Symmetry Presentation By Sharanya

Line , shape form , space & TEXTURE

This document defines and explains key art elements including line, shape, form, space, and texture. It discusses the different types of lines such as horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curved, and zigzag lines and the feelings they communicate. It defines shape as a two-dimensional figure enclosed by a line and distinguishes between geometric and organic shapes. Form is defined as having three dimensions of height, width, and depth. Space refers to the area between, around, above and below objects. Finally, it describes tactile, artificial and visual textures.

Art Appreciation

This document provides an overview of key artistic elements including line, shape, color, texture and space. It discusses the building blocks of composition in visual art, including the point, line, shape and figure/ground relationships. Specific types of lines such as actual, implied, straight, expressive and calligraphic lines are defined. Positive and negative shapes are described as well as how they create figure/ground relationships within a composition. Artworks like Las Meninas by Velazquez are used to illustrate these concepts.

Line, Shape, Form, Space, and Texture

The document discusses different elements of art including line, shape, form, space, and texture. It describes the five basic types of lines - horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curved, and zigzag - and how each can communicate different feelings. Shape is defined as a two-dimensional figure enclosed by a line that has height and width. The two types of shapes are geometric, which are precise, and organic, which are irregular. Form refers to a three-dimensional object that has height, width and depth. Space is the area between, around, above and below objects. Texture describes the surface quality of an object and can be tactile, artificial, or visual.

Drawing glossary (With Pictures)

Drawing glossary with photos and simple English description. To make easy for art students and people in general to lean the terms.
Made by Sweet Drawing Blog, the sweet way to learn drawing:-
http://SweetMonia.com/Sweet-Drawing-Blog/

Line presentation

The document defines line as an element of art that is used to define shapes, contours, and outlines. It also suggests mass and volume. There are different types of lines including gesture lines, contour lines, sketch lines, calligraphic lines, and implied lines. Lines have characteristics such as width, length, direction, focus, and feeling. Horizontal lines suggest rest, vertical lines suggest loftiness, and diagonal lines imply movement. Combinations of horizontal and vertical lines communicate stability.

Line

A line can be straight, curved, vertical, horizontal, diagonal, or zigzag and implies motion and direction. The direction of a line can imply certain feelings, like horizontal lines implying tranquility and vertical lines implying power. Lines are an effective design element because they can lead the viewer's eye through a composition.

Line

A line can be straight, curved, vertical, horizontal, diagonal, or zigzag and implies motion and direction. Different line directions evoke different feelings - horizontal lines imply tranquility, vertical lines imply power, and curved lines imply calmness. Lines are an effective design element because they can guide the viewer's eye.

Axis & Symmetry of Ordering Principles-MaHi.pptx

This document discusses architecture, axes, and symmetry. It defines an axis as an imaginary line used to align and arrange design elements and spaces. An axis must be terminated at both ends by a significant form or space. An axis can also be established through symmetrical arrangement.
The document also defines symmetry as equal proportioning around a line or axis, creating two mirror image halves. There are two types of symmetry: bilateral around a median axis, and radial around a central point.
Examples given of architectural projects demonstrating pure axis and symmetry include Salk Institute by Luis Kahn, Taj Mahal planned with an axial focal point, Church of Light by Tadao Ando showing symmetry, and Lotus Temple by Farib

Art fundamentals ch03 line 11 11-2017

This document provides an overview of the fundamentals of line in art. It defines key line terminology like contour, cross-contour, hatching, and calligraphic line. It examines the physical characteristics of line including measure, type, direction, location, and character. It explores the expressive properties of line and how line relates to other elements like shape, value, texture and color. It discusses the spatial characteristics of line and how it can be used for representation on both abstract and realistic levels.

ALPHABET OF LINES, Types of alphabet of lines and its construction

This document discusses different types of lines used in technical drawings. It describes 14 different line types including visible, hidden, center, dimension, extension, cutting plane, section, break, and phantom lines. Each line type has a specific appearance and meaning, such as visible lines representing visible surfaces and hidden lines representing invisible surfaces. The document encourages learning the different line types to accurately draw objects using the correct lines in a technical drawing.

Elements-of-the-Visual-Arts - contemporary Philippine arts from the region

This document discusses the elements and principles of visual arts. It defines the key elements of line, color, texture, perspective, space, form and volume. It then explains different types of lines such as straight, curved, horizontal, vertical and diagonal lines. It also discusses the principles of visual arts including proportion, harmony, variety, movement, rhythm, balance and emphasis. Color is described in terms of hue, value, tints, shades, warm and cool colors. Perspective and texture are also defined. The document provides examples and details for understanding each element and principle.

Grade 7 ELEMENTS OF ARTS

The document defines and describes several key art and design concepts. It states that a line is a mark between two points that conveys movement and intention. A shape is created when lines join to enclose a two-dimensional area. A form has three dimensions of length, width and height, unlike a flat shape. Space refers to the area around and between elements. Value deals with the lightness or darkness of color. Texture refers to how something feels or looks to feel.

Lines and angles

This document defines and provides examples of various types of lines and angles in geometry. It begins with defining basic terms like points, lines, line segments, rays, intersecting and non-intersecting lines. It then defines different types of angles like acute, right, obtuse, straight, reflex, adjacent and vertically opposite angles. Finally, it discusses parallel lines and the angles formed when lines are cut by a transversal, including corresponding angles, alternate interior angles, and interior angles on the same side of the transversal.

THE 7 ELEMENTS OF.pptx

Line refers to a path made by moving a point through space. Shape is a flat, enclosed two-dimensional area. Form is a three-dimensional object that can be viewed from many angles. Color has three properties: hue (name), value (shades and tints), and intensity (strength/purity). Texture describes an object's surface quality. Space creates the illusion of depth and refers to positive and negative areas.

The Visual Elements Of An Image

The visual elements of an image include point, line, shape, and texture. A point becomes a line when connected to another point. A line can be horizontal, vertical, or diagonal, each conveying different meanings and feelings. Shapes can be organic or geometric, two-dimensional or three-dimensional. Texture refers to the surface quality or "feel" of an object and can be either tactile (actual texture) or visual (implied texture).

03 architectural principles & elements

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0.line

Line is the basic element of visual art and can be defined as a dot in motion that has position and direction in space. Lines can vary in width, direction, and length, and are used to define shapes, contours, outlines, mass, and volume. Different line qualities communicate different emotions - horizontal lines suggest rest, vertical lines communicate loftiness, diagonal lines imply movement, and curved lines can indicate comfort or confusion depending on their shape. Line is the main element in drawings, where it is used for contour or gesture drawings, and also plays an important role in painting through outlining forms and shading with techniques like hatching and cross-hatching.

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Syllabus
Chapter-1
Introduction to objective, scope and outcome the subject
Chapter 2
Introduction: Scope and Specialization of Civil Engineering, Role of civil Engineer in Society, Impact of infrastructural development on economy of country.
Chapter 3
Surveying: Object Principles & Types of Surveying; Site Plans, Plans & Maps; Scales & Unit of different Measurements.
Linear Measurements: Instruments used. Linear Measurement by Tape, Ranging out Survey Lines and overcoming Obstructions; Measurements on sloping ground; Tape corrections, conventional symbols. Angular Measurements: Instruments used; Introduction to Compass Surveying, Bearings and Longitude & Latitude of a Line, Introduction to total station.
Levelling: Instrument used Object of levelling, Methods of levelling in brief, and Contour maps.
Chapter 4
Buildings: Selection of site for Buildings, Layout of Building Plan, Types of buildings, Plinth area, carpet area, floor space index, Introduction to building byelaws, concept of sun light & ventilation. Components of Buildings & their functions, Basic concept of R.C.C., Introduction to types of foundation
Chapter 5
Transportation: Introduction to Transportation Engineering; Traffic and Road Safety: Types and Characteristics of Various Modes of Transportation; Various Road Traffic Signs, Causes of Accidents and Road Safety Measures.
Chapter 6
Environmental Engineering: Environmental Pollution, Environmental Acts and Regulations, Functional Concepts of Ecology, Basics of Species, Biodiversity, Ecosystem, Hydrological Cycle; Chemical Cycles: Carbon, Nitrogen & Phosphorus; Energy Flow in Ecosystems.
Water Pollution: Water Quality standards, Introduction to Treatment & Disposal of Waste Water. Reuse and Saving of Water, Rain Water Harvesting. Solid Waste Management: Classification of Solid Waste, Collection, Transportation and Disposal of Solid. Recycling of Solid Waste: Energy Recovery, Sanitary Landfill, On-Site Sanitation. Air & Noise Pollution: Primary and Secondary air pollutants, Harmful effects of Air Pollution, Control of Air Pollution. . Noise Pollution Harmful Effects of noise pollution, control of noise pollution, Global warming & Climate Change, Ozone depletion, Greenhouse effect
Text Books:
1. Palancharmy, Basic Civil Engineering, McGraw Hill publishers.
2. Satheesh Gopi, Basic Civil Engineering, Pearson Publishers.
3. Ketki Rangwala Dalal, Essentials of Civil Engineering, Charotar Publishing House.
4. BCP, Surveying volume 1

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advasitment of Punjab

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core of India. Mirzapur, with its varied terrains and abundant biodiversity, offers an optimal
environment for investigating the changes in vegetation cover dynamics. Our study utilizes
advanced technologies such as GIS (Geographic Information Systems) and Remote sensing to
analyze the transformations that have taken place over the course of a decade.
The complex relationship between human activities and the environment has been the focus
of extensive research and worry. As the global community grapples with swift urbanization,
population expansion, and economic progress, the effects on natural ecosystems are becoming
more evident. A crucial element of this impact is the alteration of vegetation cover, which plays a
significant role in maintaining the ecological equilibrium of our planet.Land serves as the foundation for all human activities and provides the necessary materials for
these activities. As the most crucial natural resource, its utilization by humans results in different
'Land uses,' which are determined by both human activities and the physical characteristics of the
land.
The utilization of land is impacted by human needs and environmental factors. In countries
like India, rapid population growth and the emphasis on extensive resource exploitation can lead
to significant land degradation, adversely affecting the region's land cover.
Therefore, human intervention has significantly influenced land use patterns over many
centuries, evolving its structure over time and space. In the present era, these changes have
accelerated due to factors such as agriculture and urbanization. Information regarding land use and
cover is essential for various planning and management tasks related to the Earth's surface,
providing crucial environmental data for scientific, resource management, policy purposes, and
diverse human activities.
Accurate understanding of land use and cover is imperative for the development planning
of any area. Consequently, a wide range of professionals, including earth system scientists, land
and water managers, and urban planners, are interested in obtaining data on land use and cover
changes, conversion trends, and other related patterns. The spatial dimensions of land use and
cover support policymakers and scientists in making well-informed decisions, as alterations in
these patterns indicate shifts in economic and social conditions. Monitoring such changes with the
help of Advanced technologies like Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems is
crucial for coordinated efforts across different administrative levels. Advanced technologies like
Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems
9
Changes in vegetation cover refer to variations in the distribution, composition, and overall
structure of plant communities across different temporal and spatial scales. These changes can
occur natural.

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- 1. THE WHOLE THING OF LINES: LINE LINE IS WHAT GIVES LIFE TO A DRAWING,TRANSFORMING IT TO A DELICATE TEXTURE,MORE ALIVE AND BREATHING PRESENTATION.
- 2. HORIZONTAL LINES Are constructive lines that are either drowned or imagined , which passes through the point of sight.
- 3. GEOMETRIC LINES: The point where two intersecting lines of different shapes such as the triangle , pattern, circles meet.
- 4. Linear PERSPECTIVE: Appearance of things that are related to one another. linear perspective are illusions of volume and space which are generally created by use . based on the observation, the objects appear to shrink and converge to a distant vanishing point.
- 5. Hemline Hemlines can be found at the right end of a detailed ,material . such skirts which the hemline indicates as the lasting point and basic shape to the last end of line.
- 6. Queue Queues form a shape that contains continuity , stability and balance and line.
- 7. Movement The continuation of line, giving it the ending results to an object.
- 8. Is when a line and the inlay of the line move through the same space but giving it direction.
- 10. shoreline Outline of a place ,shape , object that gives breath to another shape or art.
- 11. Tapered Shape and measure of flexibility.
- 12. Continuous What a mind carries visually to continue shapes,lines.
- 13. Gradient A background form of images. Also called a “slope”the straight lines show how a steep line is.