SlideShare a Scribd company logo
The Thesis Toolbox 
Kim Nicholas 
LUCSUS, Lund University 
19 February 2014 
kimberly.nicholas.academic@gmail.com 
@KA_Nicholas
2
Outline for today 
1. Thesis: What and Why? 
2. Thesis: How? 
1. Practical: Toolbox 
2. Theoretical: Epistemology and ontology 
(oooh!!) 
3. Time management & motivation 
3
Outline for today 
1. Thesis: What and Why? 
2. Thesis: How? 
1. Practical: Toolbox 
2. Theoretical: Epistemology and ontology 
(oooh!!) 
3. Time management & motivation 
4
What’s a Thesis? 
5
What’s a Thesis? 
1. Ask a Question 
2. Answer it! 
It’s simple, but not easy 
6
What’s a Thesis? 
1. Ask a Question 
2. Answer it! 
7
Why Write a Thesis? 
8
How to Write a Thesis 
9 
…In practice and theory
Outline for today 
1. Thesis: What and Why? 
2. Thesis: How? 
1. Practical: Toolbox 
2. Theoretical: Epistemology and ontology 
(oooh!!) 
3. Time management & motivation 
10
What is research design? 
• Make sure evidence gathered allows you to 
answer the research question unambiguously 
• Research design = a ‘logical’ problem 
– don’t jump straight to methods and data 
• Seek compelling evidence (be sceptical) 
– anticipate & test alternative hypotheses 
– design research to try and falsify theory 
based on: Chapter 1, de Vaus (2001). 
Research Design in Social Research. 
Slide from Dr. Charlie Wilson, Tyndall Centre/UEA 11
Research Design 
12 
Topic 
Question 
Variables 
Refine 
Operationalize 
Collect 
Methods 
Data 
Results 
Analyze 
Interpret Discussion 
Summarize Conclusion
Research Design 
WRITING 
& DRAWING 
13 
Topic 
Question 
Variables 
Refine 
Operationalize 
Collect 
Methods 
Data 
Results 
Analyze 
Interpret Discussion 
Summarize Conclusion
Research Design 
WRITING 
& DRAWING 
14 
Topic 
Question 
Variables 
Refine 
Operationalize 
Collect 
Methods 
Data 
Results 
Analyze 
Interpret Discussion 
Summarize Conclusion
Topic 
• A place, group of people, technology, theory, 
author, buzzword, community of scholars… 
• Too general to be researchable 
15
Topic Question 
Food 
security, 
cities, 
ecosystem 
services 
(other RQs…) 
16 
Kyle Clark LUMES MSc thesis, 2011; Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology
Urban Food Forestry* 
* ‘‘the intentional and strategic use of woody perennial food-producing 
species in urban edible landscapes to improve the sustainability and resilience of 
urban communities.’’ 
Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology 
http://urbanfoodforestry.org/
Research Design 
WRITING 
& DRAWING 
18 
Topic 
Question 
Variables 
Refine 
Operationalize 
Collect 
Methods 
Data 
Results 
Analyze 
Interpret Discussion 
Summarize Conclusion
19 
Image: SPL/Barcroft Media
Research Questions Aren’t Easy 
• “Research is figuring out how to ask and 
answer good questions.” 
- Chris Field 
(When you really get this down, they give you a PhD! 
…Only takes 5-7 years ) 
20
Where do questions come from? 
21 
GEO-5, “Review of Data Needs”
A Good Research Question Is… 
• NOVEL (no one knows the answer yet!) 
• RELEVANT (addresses sustainability challenges 
and solutions) 
• ANSWERABLE (given the constraints you face) 
• VALID (constructs of concepts are valid) 
• CONNECTED (related to current issue in 
theory, practice, or research) 
22
Research Questions - Characteristics 
Assessing potential research questions 
Characteristic 
Points 
0-1 
Answer is not immediately obvious 
Could be more than one answer or solution 
Realigns accepted notions – forces different view of issue 
Controversial – tension and uncertainty about the answer 
Calls assumptions into question 
Narrow focus area allowing suitably deep exploration 
Clear enough for other people to understand 
Highlights some sort of inconsistency in an accepted position 
or view 
Points to an incompleteness or inaccuracy in an accepted 
explanation 
Indicates missing steps that are critical to an accepted 
argument 
Identifies an important confusion or ambiguity in a problem 
Surfaces issues that are important but ignored in accepted 
treatments 
Requests new information or old information that can be 
presented in a new way 
Clear, straightforward & comprehensible 
–Researchable– – information available that will help provide 
an answer 
Poses a problem that–s significant to your reader and 
interesting to your audience 
Possible to answer in the time available to you 
Will sustain your interest for the duration of the project 
It asks a question 
TOTAL 
Research Questions Characteristics Worksheet 
23 
http://faculty.virginia.edu/capstone/research/
Topic Question 
Food 
security, 
cities, 
ecosystem 
services 
What is the 
potential 
capacity of 
urban food 
forestry to 
meet food 
needs? 
(other RQs…) 
24 
Kyle Clark LUMES MSc thesis, 2011; Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology
Research Design 
WRITING 
& DRAWING 
25 
Topic 
Question 
Variables 
Refine 
Operationalize 
Collect 
Methods 
Data 
Results 
Analyze 
Interpret Discussion 
Summarize Conclusion
Construct 
• Phenomenon of interest; 
what we care about. 
• Exist only within our 
minds 
• Therefore, cannot be 
observed directly -> not 
researchable! 
26 
3D image of mouse brain! 
Chung et al., 2013, Nature
Construct 
• Examples: 
– Power 
– Equity 
– Efficiency 
– Biodiversity 
– Land use change 
– Food security 
– Climate change 
– Sustainability 
– Intelligence 
– Happiness 
– Justice 
– Awareness 
– Preferences 
– Behavior 
– Education 
– Health 
– … 
3D image of mouse brain! 
Chung et al., 2013, Nature 
Image: ebsconsultants.com27
From constructs… 
28 
Chung et al., 2013, Nature
Operationalize 
29 
Chung et al., 2013, Nature 
From constructs…
From constructs to variables 
Operationalize 
30 
Chung et al., 2013, Nature 
Photo: Block Publishing
Topic Question Operation 
alizing… 
Food 
security, 
cities, 
ecosystem 
services 
What is the 
potential 
capacity of 
urban food 
forestry to 
meet food 
needs? 
“capacity 
of UFF”-> 
tons of 
apples 
produced 
Food 
Needs -> 
calories 
demanded 
(other RQs…) 31 
Kyle Clark LUMES MSc thesis, 2011; Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology
From constructs to variables 
Exhaustive 
+ Mutually 
exclusive 
+ Defined 
+ Measurable 
+ Observable 
+ Valid theory 
___________ 
Operationalization 
32
From constructs to variables 
Exhaustive 
+ Mutually 
exclusive 
+ Defined 
+ Measurable 
+ Observable 
+ Valid theory 
___________ 
VARIABLES 
Operationalization 
Researchable! 
33
Variables 
• Something we measure (categorize), control, 
or manipulate in research 
• “Something that may or does vary” 
• A trait that can change in value from case to 
case, or within a case over time 
34
Topic Question Operation 
alizing… 
Variables 
Food 
security, 
cities, 
ecosystem 
services 
What is the 
potential 
capacity of 
urban food 
forestry to 
meet food 
needs? 
“capacity 
of UFF”-> 
tons of 
apples 
produced 
What trees to 
plant? 
Available land 
for planting trees 
Density of 
planting 
Yield per ha 
Food 
Needs -> 
calories 
demanded 
Very Food 
Insecure calorie 
needs 
Total population 
fruit needs 
Tons to calories 
(other RQs…) 35 
Kyle Clark LUMES MSc thesis, 2011; Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology
Defining a variable 
What does it mean to be a “beer drinker”? 
Image: artsvegas.com 
36
Does our definition pass the test? 
Precise 
+ Defined 
+ Measurable 
+ Observable 
+ Valid theory 
___________ 
VARIABLES 
Researchable! 
37
Research Terminology 
• Construct: Phenomenon of interest 
• Variables: a trait that captures variation in 
concept 
• Measure: actual item over which scores will be 
measured 
• Data: the actual numbers 
38
Planetary Boundaries operationalize sustainability 
Construct Variables Measure Data 
Rockström et al., 2009, Nature 
“Safe operating space” 
39
Research Design 
WRITING 
& DRAWING 
40 
Topic 
Question 
Variables 
Refine 
Operationalize 
Collect 
Methods 
Data 
Results 
Analyze 
Interpret Discussion 
Summarize Conclusion
Case selection and description 
• What are you studying? 
• Selection of the unit of analysis (plots, 
countries, people, groups)- criteria for 
inclusion/exclusion. 
• Who, what, when, where? (“why” was 
established in the Intro & by RQs) 
41
Topic Question Operation 
alizing… 
Variables How to collect 
data? 
How to 
analyze data? 
Food 
security, 
cities, 
ecosystem 
services 
What is the 
potential 
capacity of 
urban food 
forestry to 
meet food 
needs? 
“capacity 
of UFF”-> 
tons of 
apples 
produced 
What trees to 
plant? 
Lit review 
Available land 
for planting trees 
GIS mapping 
Density of 
planting 
Lit review 
Yield per ha Lit review 
Food 
Needs -> 
calories 
demanded 
Very Food 
Insecure calorie 
needs 
How many 
people, how 
many calories 
Total population 
fruit needs 
How many 
people, how 
much fruit 
Tons to calories Lit review 
(other RQs…) 42 
Kyle Clark LUMES MSc thesis, 2011; Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology
Align RQs, variables, methods, analysis 
43 
How many to plant 
X 
How much yield per ha 
= 
Tons of apples
Research Design 
WRITING 
& DRAWING 
44 
Topic 
Question 
Variables 
Refine 
Operationalize 
Collect 
Methods 
Data 
Results 
Analyze 
Interpret Discussion 
Summarize Conclusion
3 planting * 3 yield scenarios 
Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology 
VFI deficit met (inner)
Urban trees could provide substantial food 
Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology 
VFI deficit met (inner)
Topic Question Operation 
alizing… 
Variables How to collect 
data? 
How to 
analyze data? 
Food 
security, 
cities, 
ecosystem 
services 
What is the 
potential 
capacity of 
urban food 
forestry to 
meet food 
needs? 
“capacity 
of UFF”-> 
tons of 
apples 
produced 
What trees to 
plant? 
Lit review Suitable 
species 
Available land 
for planting trees 
GIS mapping Classifying & 
quantifying 
open land 
Density of 
planting 
Lit review Scenarios 
Yield per ha Lit review Scenarios 
Food 
Needs -> 
calories 
demanded 
Very Food 
Insecure calorie 
needs 
How many 
people, how 
many calories 
Calculations 
from lit data 
Total population 
fruit needs 
How many 
people, how 
much fruit 
Calculations 
from lit data 
Tons to calories Lit review Calories per 
gram 
conversion 
(other RQs…) 
47 
Kyle Clark LUMES MSc thesis, 2011; Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology
Research Design 
WRITING 
& DRAWING 
48 
Topic 
Question 
Variables 
Refine 
Operationalize 
Collect 
Methods 
Data 
Results 
Analyze 
Interpret Discussion 
Summarize Conclusion
Research Design 
WRITING 
& DRAWING 
49 
Topic 
Question 
Variables 
Refine 
Operationalize 
Collect 
Methods 
Data 
Results 
Analyze 
Interpret Discussion 
Summarize Conclusion
Topic Research 
Question 
Operation 
alizing 
Variables How to collect 
data? 
How to 
analyze data? 
(other RQs…) 
50
Outline for today 
1. Thesis: What and Why? 
2. Thesis: How? 
1. Practical: Toolbox 
2. Theoretical: Epistemology and ontology 
(oooh!!) 
3. Time management & motivation 
51
52 
Khagram, Nicholas et al., 2010, Environmental Conservation
Big Picture Research Paradigms 
Darker shadings indicate greater affinities 
53 
Khagram, Nicholas et al., 2010, Environmental Conservation
Research Design 
54 
Topic 
Question 
Variables 
Refine 
Operationalize 
Collect 
Methods 
Data 
Results 
Analyze 
Interpret Discussion 
Summarize Conclusion
Outline for today 
1. Thesis: What and Why? 
2. Thesis: How? 
1. Practical: Toolbox 
2. Theoretical: Epistemology and ontology 
(oooh!!) 
3. Time management & motivation 
55
First Things First 
http://www.themodernnomad.com/2012/rocks-pebbles-sand/ 56
57
58
59
Role of supervisor 
http://phdskills.blogspot.se/, “Manage your PhD Supervisor” 60
E.B. White, 61
Benefits of writing regularly 
• 6 year study of 32 
people 
• 16 regular writers 
(30 minutes/day, 
consistently) 
• 16 binge writers 
Boice, Advice for New Faculty62
Why does it feel like you know less 
now than when you started? 
Bianchi et al., 2010, Nature 63
Robert Evans 
64
Eleni Kalorkoti 
65
Stephie Ginger 
66
Owen Davey 
67
Thanks! 
Kim Nicholas 
LUCSUS, Lund University 
19 February 2014 
kimberly.nicholas.academic@gmail.com 
@KA_Nicholas
The illustrated guide to a Ph.D. 
Matt Might 
matt.might.net 
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
Ph.D. 
79
80
Ph.D. 
81
Keep pushing. 
82
• http://matt.might.net/articles/phd-school-in-pictures/ 
• The Illustrated Guide to a PhD 
83

More Related Content

What's hot

Validity and Reliability Threats and appropriate tool.pptx
Validity and Reliability Threats and appropriate tool.pptxValidity and Reliability Threats and appropriate tool.pptx
Validity and Reliability Threats and appropriate tool.pptx
SagarParajuli9
 
Grounded theory methodology of qualitative data analysis
Grounded theory methodology of qualitative data analysisGrounded theory methodology of qualitative data analysis
Grounded theory methodology of qualitative data analysis
Dr. Shiv S Tripathi
 
Mixed methods-research -design-and-procedures
Mixed methods-research -design-and-proceduresMixed methods-research -design-and-procedures
Mixed methods-research -design-and-procedures
ABCComputers
 
Bibliometrix Seminar
Bibliometrix SeminarBibliometrix Seminar
Bibliometrix Seminar
Massimo Aria
 
The Process of Conducting Educational Research
The Process of Conducting Educational ResearchThe Process of Conducting Educational Research
The Process of Conducting Educational Research
Carlo Luna
 
Research Methods and Paradigms
Research Methods and ParadigmsResearch Methods and Paradigms
Research Methods and Paradigms
Dr Bryan Mills
 
Overview of Research Methodology
Overview of Research MethodologyOverview of Research Methodology
Overview of Research Methodology
Joey Phuah
 
Prepare your Ph.D. Defense Presentation
Prepare your Ph.D. Defense PresentationPrepare your Ph.D. Defense Presentation
Prepare your Ph.D. Defense Presentation
Christian Glahn
 
Research Design simplified
Research Design simplifiedResearch Design simplified
Research Design simplified
Lovely Professional University
 
Data analysis – qualitative data presentation 2
Data analysis – qualitative data   presentation 2Data analysis – qualitative data   presentation 2
Data analysis – qualitative data presentation 2
Azura Zaki
 
Research methodology ppt
Research methodology pptResearch methodology ppt
Research methodology ppt
Debanjan Parbat
 
Qualitative v,s Quantitative Research
Qualitative v,s Quantitative ResearchQualitative v,s Quantitative Research
Qualitative v,s Quantitative Research
Murk Razzaque
 
Design thinking
Design thinkingDesign thinking
Design thinking
webkeyz
 
Master Thesis presentation
Master Thesis presentationMaster Thesis presentation
Master Thesis presentation
Bogdan Vasilescu
 
Observation and documentary analysis
Observation and documentary analysisObservation and documentary analysis
Observation and documentary analysis
Alison Hardy
 
Research Methodology Ph D.ppt
Research Methodology Ph D.pptResearch Methodology Ph D.ppt
Research Methodology Ph D.ppt
Shama
 
Grounded theory
Grounded theoryGrounded theory
Grounded theory
Rebaz Ameen
 
Research Methodology lecture-01
Research Methodology lecture-01Research Methodology lecture-01
Research Methodology lecture-01
Kishor Ade
 
Grounded theory research method
Grounded theory   research methodGrounded theory   research method
Grounded theory research method
Marie Faith Cayas
 
Constructionism
ConstructionismConstructionism
Constructionism
sadia butt
 

What's hot (20)

Validity and Reliability Threats and appropriate tool.pptx
Validity and Reliability Threats and appropriate tool.pptxValidity and Reliability Threats and appropriate tool.pptx
Validity and Reliability Threats and appropriate tool.pptx
 
Grounded theory methodology of qualitative data analysis
Grounded theory methodology of qualitative data analysisGrounded theory methodology of qualitative data analysis
Grounded theory methodology of qualitative data analysis
 
Mixed methods-research -design-and-procedures
Mixed methods-research -design-and-proceduresMixed methods-research -design-and-procedures
Mixed methods-research -design-and-procedures
 
Bibliometrix Seminar
Bibliometrix SeminarBibliometrix Seminar
Bibliometrix Seminar
 
The Process of Conducting Educational Research
The Process of Conducting Educational ResearchThe Process of Conducting Educational Research
The Process of Conducting Educational Research
 
Research Methods and Paradigms
Research Methods and ParadigmsResearch Methods and Paradigms
Research Methods and Paradigms
 
Overview of Research Methodology
Overview of Research MethodologyOverview of Research Methodology
Overview of Research Methodology
 
Prepare your Ph.D. Defense Presentation
Prepare your Ph.D. Defense PresentationPrepare your Ph.D. Defense Presentation
Prepare your Ph.D. Defense Presentation
 
Research Design simplified
Research Design simplifiedResearch Design simplified
Research Design simplified
 
Data analysis – qualitative data presentation 2
Data analysis – qualitative data   presentation 2Data analysis – qualitative data   presentation 2
Data analysis – qualitative data presentation 2
 
Research methodology ppt
Research methodology pptResearch methodology ppt
Research methodology ppt
 
Qualitative v,s Quantitative Research
Qualitative v,s Quantitative ResearchQualitative v,s Quantitative Research
Qualitative v,s Quantitative Research
 
Design thinking
Design thinkingDesign thinking
Design thinking
 
Master Thesis presentation
Master Thesis presentationMaster Thesis presentation
Master Thesis presentation
 
Observation and documentary analysis
Observation and documentary analysisObservation and documentary analysis
Observation and documentary analysis
 
Research Methodology Ph D.ppt
Research Methodology Ph D.pptResearch Methodology Ph D.ppt
Research Methodology Ph D.ppt
 
Grounded theory
Grounded theoryGrounded theory
Grounded theory
 
Research Methodology lecture-01
Research Methodology lecture-01Research Methodology lecture-01
Research Methodology lecture-01
 
Grounded theory research method
Grounded theory   research methodGrounded theory   research method
Grounded theory research method
 
Constructionism
ConstructionismConstructionism
Constructionism
 

Viewers also liked

Research Design
Research DesignResearch Design
Research Design
gaurav22
 
Thesis
ThesisThesis
Thesis
Yeng Barce
 
סקירת ספרות ומשתנה
סקירת ספרות ומשתנהסקירת ספרות ומשתנה
סקירת ספרות ומשתנה
Holon Institue of Technology - HIT
 
3D printing weekly update - 8.03.15
3D printing weekly update - 8.03.153D printing weekly update - 8.03.15
3D printing weekly update - 8.03.15
Sandra Kahn
 
STUDY ON ONLINE SHOPPING BEHAVIOUR IN THE DIGITAL ERA, NEW TRENDS AND CUSTOME...
STUDY ON ONLINE SHOPPING BEHAVIOUR IN THE DIGITAL ERA, NEW TRENDS AND CUSTOME...STUDY ON ONLINE SHOPPING BEHAVIOUR IN THE DIGITAL ERA, NEW TRENDS AND CUSTOME...
STUDY ON ONLINE SHOPPING BEHAVIOUR IN THE DIGITAL ERA, NEW TRENDS AND CUSTOME...
areeba naseem
 
E-Commerce Konferenz 2015: Erkenntnisse der Verhaltensökonomie zur Preisstrat...
E-Commerce Konferenz 2015: Erkenntnisse der Verhaltensökonomie zur Preisstrat...E-Commerce Konferenz 2015: Erkenntnisse der Verhaltensökonomie zur Preisstrat...
E-Commerce Konferenz 2015: Erkenntnisse der Verhaltensökonomie zur Preisstrat...
FehrAdvice & Partners AG
 
thesis PPT Assessment methods used by english teachers in assisting under ach...
thesis PPT Assessment methods used by english teachers in assisting under ach...thesis PPT Assessment methods used by english teachers in assisting under ach...
thesis PPT Assessment methods used by english teachers in assisting under ach...
Liezyl Nollas
 
2015 Pitney Bowes Global Online Shopping Study (infographic)
2015 Pitney Bowes Global Online Shopping Study (infographic)2015 Pitney Bowes Global Online Shopping Study (infographic)
2015 Pitney Bowes Global Online Shopping Study (infographic)
Pitney Bowes
 
2 the-conceptual-framework
2 the-conceptual-framework2 the-conceptual-framework
2 the-conceptual-framework
Melani Edc
 
How to design Microstrip patch antenna design in ads 2009
How to design Microstrip patch antenna design in ads 2009How to design Microstrip patch antenna design in ads 2009
How to design Microstrip patch antenna design in ads 2009
THANDAIAH PRABU
 
Bab 2 - Conceptual Framework underlying Financial Accounting
Bab 2 - Conceptual Framework underlying Financial AccountingBab 2 - Conceptual Framework underlying Financial Accounting
Bab 2 - Conceptual Framework underlying Financial Accounting
msahuleka
 
Validation Letter for Thesis
Validation Letter for ThesisValidation Letter for Thesis
Validation Letter for Thesis
Aladin Awa
 
Highschool thesis
Highschool thesisHighschool thesis
Highschool thesis
Carie Justine Estrellado
 
Thesis my documentation
Thesis  my documentationThesis  my documentation
Thesis my documentation
cas123
 
Format thesis
Format thesisFormat thesis
Format thesis
art baldelovar
 
Research paradigms in education
Research  paradigms in educationResearch  paradigms in education
Research paradigms in education
suchetanapawar
 
Chapter 3
Chapter 3Chapter 3
Chapter 3
Nadine Guevarra
 
Basic variables ppt
Basic variables pptBasic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
Shaker Middle School
 
Sampling Methods in Qualitative and Quantitative Research
Sampling Methods in Qualitative and Quantitative ResearchSampling Methods in Qualitative and Quantitative Research
Sampling Methods in Qualitative and Quantitative Research
Sam Ladner
 

Viewers also liked (19)

Research Design
Research DesignResearch Design
Research Design
 
Thesis
ThesisThesis
Thesis
 
סקירת ספרות ומשתנה
סקירת ספרות ומשתנהסקירת ספרות ומשתנה
סקירת ספרות ומשתנה
 
3D printing weekly update - 8.03.15
3D printing weekly update - 8.03.153D printing weekly update - 8.03.15
3D printing weekly update - 8.03.15
 
STUDY ON ONLINE SHOPPING BEHAVIOUR IN THE DIGITAL ERA, NEW TRENDS AND CUSTOME...
STUDY ON ONLINE SHOPPING BEHAVIOUR IN THE DIGITAL ERA, NEW TRENDS AND CUSTOME...STUDY ON ONLINE SHOPPING BEHAVIOUR IN THE DIGITAL ERA, NEW TRENDS AND CUSTOME...
STUDY ON ONLINE SHOPPING BEHAVIOUR IN THE DIGITAL ERA, NEW TRENDS AND CUSTOME...
 
E-Commerce Konferenz 2015: Erkenntnisse der Verhaltensökonomie zur Preisstrat...
E-Commerce Konferenz 2015: Erkenntnisse der Verhaltensökonomie zur Preisstrat...E-Commerce Konferenz 2015: Erkenntnisse der Verhaltensökonomie zur Preisstrat...
E-Commerce Konferenz 2015: Erkenntnisse der Verhaltensökonomie zur Preisstrat...
 
thesis PPT Assessment methods used by english teachers in assisting under ach...
thesis PPT Assessment methods used by english teachers in assisting under ach...thesis PPT Assessment methods used by english teachers in assisting under ach...
thesis PPT Assessment methods used by english teachers in assisting under ach...
 
2015 Pitney Bowes Global Online Shopping Study (infographic)
2015 Pitney Bowes Global Online Shopping Study (infographic)2015 Pitney Bowes Global Online Shopping Study (infographic)
2015 Pitney Bowes Global Online Shopping Study (infographic)
 
2 the-conceptual-framework
2 the-conceptual-framework2 the-conceptual-framework
2 the-conceptual-framework
 
How to design Microstrip patch antenna design in ads 2009
How to design Microstrip patch antenna design in ads 2009How to design Microstrip patch antenna design in ads 2009
How to design Microstrip patch antenna design in ads 2009
 
Bab 2 - Conceptual Framework underlying Financial Accounting
Bab 2 - Conceptual Framework underlying Financial AccountingBab 2 - Conceptual Framework underlying Financial Accounting
Bab 2 - Conceptual Framework underlying Financial Accounting
 
Validation Letter for Thesis
Validation Letter for ThesisValidation Letter for Thesis
Validation Letter for Thesis
 
Highschool thesis
Highschool thesisHighschool thesis
Highschool thesis
 
Thesis my documentation
Thesis  my documentationThesis  my documentation
Thesis my documentation
 
Format thesis
Format thesisFormat thesis
Format thesis
 
Research paradigms in education
Research  paradigms in educationResearch  paradigms in education
Research paradigms in education
 
Chapter 3
Chapter 3Chapter 3
Chapter 3
 
Basic variables ppt
Basic variables pptBasic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
 
Sampling Methods in Qualitative and Quantitative Research
Sampling Methods in Qualitative and Quantitative ResearchSampling Methods in Qualitative and Quantitative Research
Sampling Methods in Qualitative and Quantitative Research
 

Similar to The Thesis Toolbox: Research Design for Academic Writing

Disciplinary and institutional perspectives on digital curation
Disciplinary and institutional perspectives on digital curationDisciplinary and institutional perspectives on digital curation
Disciplinary and institutional perspectives on digital curation
Michael Day
 
iSamples Research Coordination Network (C4P Webinar)
iSamples Research Coordination Network (C4P Webinar)iSamples Research Coordination Network (C4P Webinar)
iSamples Research Coordination Network (C4P Webinar)
Kerstin Lehnert
 
Agile Science
Agile ScienceAgile Science
Dissemination Information Packages (DIPS) for Information Reuse
Dissemination Information Packages (DIPS) for Information Reuse Dissemination Information Packages (DIPS) for Information Reuse
Dissemination Information Packages (DIPS) for Information Reuse
Micah Altman
 
Minimal viable data reuse
Minimal viable data reuseMinimal viable data reuse
Minimal viable data reuse
voginip
 
Data Science Meets Structural Biology
Data Science Meets Structural BiologyData Science Meets Structural Biology
Data Science Meets Structural Biology
Philip Bourne
 
ENV management - Introduction Powerpoint
ENV management - Introduction PowerpointENV management - Introduction Powerpoint
ENV management - Introduction Powerpoint
reddypoulomi
 
FSCI Data in scholarly communications: the lifecycles
FSCI Data in scholarly communications: the lifecyclesFSCI Data in scholarly communications: the lifecycles
FSCI Data in scholarly communications: the lifecycles
ARDC
 
Identifying Evaluation Standards for Online Information Literacy Tutorials (O...
Identifying Evaluation Standards for Online Information Literacy Tutorials (O...Identifying Evaluation Standards for Online Information Literacy Tutorials (O...
Identifying Evaluation Standards for Online Information Literacy Tutorials (O...
Hang Dong
 
Focus on the user environment: increase your library's usability (Suzanne Lewis)
Focus on the user environment: increase your library's usability (Suzanne Lewis)Focus on the user environment: increase your library's usability (Suzanne Lewis)
Focus on the user environment: increase your library's usability (Suzanne Lewis)
NSWHLF2007
 
Eureka! research
Eureka! researchEureka! research
Eureka! research
cybraryman
 
NH Next Gen Science Workshop
NH Next Gen Science Workshop NH Next Gen Science Workshop
NH Next Gen Science Workshop
OPEN NH / NH e-Learning for Educators
 
Dagstuhl Search as Learning: seminar introduction
Dagstuhl Search as Learning: seminar introductionDagstuhl Search as Learning: seminar introduction
Dagstuhl Search as Learning: seminar introduction
Claudia Hauff
 
NGSS Earth and Space Science
NGSS Earth and Space ScienceNGSS Earth and Space Science
NGSS Earth and Space Science
SERC at Carleton College
 
What Bioinformaticians Need to Know About Digital Publishing Beyond the PDF
What Bioinformaticians Need to Know About Digital Publishing Beyond the PDFWhat Bioinformaticians Need to Know About Digital Publishing Beyond the PDF
What Bioinformaticians Need to Know About Digital Publishing Beyond the PDF
Philip Bourne
 
Fsci 2018 monday30_july_am6
Fsci 2018 monday30_july_am6Fsci 2018 monday30_july_am6
Fsci 2018 monday30_july_am6
ARDC
 
Linking Knowledge with Action for Sustainable Development - William C. Clark
Linking Knowledge with Action for Sustainable Development - William C. ClarkLinking Knowledge with Action for Sustainable Development - William C. Clark
Linking Knowledge with Action for Sustainable Development - William C. Clark
CCAFS | CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security
 
Experience Centered Design of Energy Interventions for Shared Student Accommo...
Experience Centered Design of Energy Interventions for Shared Student Accommo...Experience Centered Design of Energy Interventions for Shared Student Accommo...
Experience Centered Design of Energy Interventions for Shared Student Accommo...
Lincoln Social Computing Research Centre
 
Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)
Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)
Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)
Joy Palmer
 
Cln presentation cognition + affect = effect - marda kirn v3 10.12.10
Cln presentation   cognition + affect = effect - marda kirn  v3 10.12.10Cln presentation   cognition + affect = effect - marda kirn  v3 10.12.10
Cln presentation cognition + affect = effect - marda kirn v3 10.12.10
MardaKirn
 

Similar to The Thesis Toolbox: Research Design for Academic Writing (20)

Disciplinary and institutional perspectives on digital curation
Disciplinary and institutional perspectives on digital curationDisciplinary and institutional perspectives on digital curation
Disciplinary and institutional perspectives on digital curation
 
iSamples Research Coordination Network (C4P Webinar)
iSamples Research Coordination Network (C4P Webinar)iSamples Research Coordination Network (C4P Webinar)
iSamples Research Coordination Network (C4P Webinar)
 
Agile Science
Agile ScienceAgile Science
Agile Science
 
Dissemination Information Packages (DIPS) for Information Reuse
Dissemination Information Packages (DIPS) for Information Reuse Dissemination Information Packages (DIPS) for Information Reuse
Dissemination Information Packages (DIPS) for Information Reuse
 
Minimal viable data reuse
Minimal viable data reuseMinimal viable data reuse
Minimal viable data reuse
 
Data Science Meets Structural Biology
Data Science Meets Structural BiologyData Science Meets Structural Biology
Data Science Meets Structural Biology
 
ENV management - Introduction Powerpoint
ENV management - Introduction PowerpointENV management - Introduction Powerpoint
ENV management - Introduction Powerpoint
 
FSCI Data in scholarly communications: the lifecycles
FSCI Data in scholarly communications: the lifecyclesFSCI Data in scholarly communications: the lifecycles
FSCI Data in scholarly communications: the lifecycles
 
Identifying Evaluation Standards for Online Information Literacy Tutorials (O...
Identifying Evaluation Standards for Online Information Literacy Tutorials (O...Identifying Evaluation Standards for Online Information Literacy Tutorials (O...
Identifying Evaluation Standards for Online Information Literacy Tutorials (O...
 
Focus on the user environment: increase your library's usability (Suzanne Lewis)
Focus on the user environment: increase your library's usability (Suzanne Lewis)Focus on the user environment: increase your library's usability (Suzanne Lewis)
Focus on the user environment: increase your library's usability (Suzanne Lewis)
 
Eureka! research
Eureka! researchEureka! research
Eureka! research
 
NH Next Gen Science Workshop
NH Next Gen Science Workshop NH Next Gen Science Workshop
NH Next Gen Science Workshop
 
Dagstuhl Search as Learning: seminar introduction
Dagstuhl Search as Learning: seminar introductionDagstuhl Search as Learning: seminar introduction
Dagstuhl Search as Learning: seminar introduction
 
NGSS Earth and Space Science
NGSS Earth and Space ScienceNGSS Earth and Space Science
NGSS Earth and Space Science
 
What Bioinformaticians Need to Know About Digital Publishing Beyond the PDF
What Bioinformaticians Need to Know About Digital Publishing Beyond the PDFWhat Bioinformaticians Need to Know About Digital Publishing Beyond the PDF
What Bioinformaticians Need to Know About Digital Publishing Beyond the PDF
 
Fsci 2018 monday30_july_am6
Fsci 2018 monday30_july_am6Fsci 2018 monday30_july_am6
Fsci 2018 monday30_july_am6
 
Linking Knowledge with Action for Sustainable Development - William C. Clark
Linking Knowledge with Action for Sustainable Development - William C. ClarkLinking Knowledge with Action for Sustainable Development - William C. Clark
Linking Knowledge with Action for Sustainable Development - William C. Clark
 
Experience Centered Design of Energy Interventions for Shared Student Accommo...
Experience Centered Design of Energy Interventions for Shared Student Accommo...Experience Centered Design of Energy Interventions for Shared Student Accommo...
Experience Centered Design of Energy Interventions for Shared Student Accommo...
 
Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)
Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)
Surfacing the Academic Long Tail (SALT)
 
Cln presentation cognition + affect = effect - marda kirn v3 10.12.10
Cln presentation   cognition + affect = effect - marda kirn  v3 10.12.10Cln presentation   cognition + affect = effect - marda kirn  v3 10.12.10
Cln presentation cognition + affect = effect - marda kirn v3 10.12.10
 

More from Kim Nicholas

Hidden in Plain Sight: Redirecting European Farm Subsidies to Reduce Income ...
Hidden in Plain Sight:  Redirecting European Farm Subsidies to Reduce Income ...Hidden in Plain Sight:  Redirecting European Farm Subsidies to Reduce Income ...
Hidden in Plain Sight: Redirecting European Farm Subsidies to Reduce Income ...
Kim Nicholas
 
Facing the Climate Crisis with Facts, Feelings, and Action
Facing the Climate Crisis with Facts, Feelings, and ActionFacing the Climate Crisis with Facts, Feelings, and Action
Facing the Climate Crisis with Facts, Feelings, and Action
Kim Nicholas
 
What can wine tell us about the future of life on Earth?
What can wine tell us about the future of life on Earth? What can wine tell us about the future of life on Earth?
What can wine tell us about the future of life on Earth?
Kim Nicholas
 
Teaching Climate Literacy in High Schools & Universities
Teaching Climate Literacy in High Schools & UniversitiesTeaching Climate Literacy in High Schools & Universities
Teaching Climate Literacy in High Schools & Universities
Kim Nicholas
 
Adapting, Implementing, and Scaling up an Academic Flying Less Policy: Lesson...
Adapting, Implementing, and Scaling up an Academic Flying Less Policy: Lesson...Adapting, Implementing, and Scaling up an Academic Flying Less Policy: Lesson...
Adapting, Implementing, and Scaling up an Academic Flying Less Policy: Lesson...
Kim Nicholas
 
Effective policies for reducing climate emissions from consumption
Effective policies for reducing climate emissions from consumptionEffective policies for reducing climate emissions from consumption
Effective policies for reducing climate emissions from consumption
Kim Nicholas
 
Reducing flying at Lund University
Reducing flying at Lund University Reducing flying at Lund University
Reducing flying at Lund University
Kim Nicholas
 
A Vision for a 1.5°C Compatible Wine Industry by 2035
A Vision for a 1.5°C Compatible Wine Industry by 2035 A Vision for a 1.5°C Compatible Wine Industry by 2035
A Vision for a 1.5°C Compatible Wine Industry by 2035
Kim Nicholas
 
Innovations and progress in flying less
Innovations and progress in flying lessInnovations and progress in flying less
Innovations and progress in flying less
Kim Nicholas
 
What can one person do about climate change?
What can one person do about climate change? What can one person do about climate change?
What can one person do about climate change?
Kim Nicholas
 
Academic flying
Academic flyingAcademic flying
Academic flying
Kim Nicholas
 
The past, present, and future of climate change and wine
The past, present, and future of climate change and wineThe past, present, and future of climate change and wine
The past, present, and future of climate change and wine
Kim Nicholas
 
What can kids do about climate change?
What can kids do about climate change?What can kids do about climate change?
What can kids do about climate change?
Kim Nicholas
 
High impact actions for an individual to reduce their carbon footprint
High impact actions for an individual to reduce their carbon footprintHigh impact actions for an individual to reduce their carbon footprint
High impact actions for an individual to reduce their carbon footprint
Kim Nicholas
 
Globala målen- entreprenör projekt i Somalia
Globala målen- entreprenör projekt i SomaliaGlobala målen- entreprenör projekt i Somalia
Globala målen- entreprenör projekt i Somalia
Kim Nicholas
 
Defining, Measuring, and Incentivizing Sustainable Land Use
Defining, Measuring, and Incentivizing Sustainable Land Use Defining, Measuring, and Incentivizing Sustainable Land Use
Defining, Measuring, and Incentivizing Sustainable Land Use
Kim Nicholas
 
Writing to make a difference- while staying out of trouble
Writing to make a difference- while staying out of troubleWriting to make a difference- while staying out of trouble
Writing to make a difference- while staying out of trouble
Kim Nicholas
 
A taste of the future: Wine in a changing climate
A taste of the future: Wine in a changing climate A taste of the future: Wine in a changing climate
A taste of the future: Wine in a changing climate
Kim Nicholas
 
Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals: Who, What, When, Where, Why, and H...
Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals: Who, What, When, Where, Why, and H...Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals: Who, What, When, Where, Why, and H...
Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals: Who, What, When, Where, Why, and H...
Kim Nicholas
 
How (not) to give a talk june 2016
How (not) to give a talk june 2016How (not) to give a talk june 2016
How (not) to give a talk june 2016
Kim Nicholas
 

More from Kim Nicholas (20)

Hidden in Plain Sight: Redirecting European Farm Subsidies to Reduce Income ...
Hidden in Plain Sight:  Redirecting European Farm Subsidies to Reduce Income ...Hidden in Plain Sight:  Redirecting European Farm Subsidies to Reduce Income ...
Hidden in Plain Sight: Redirecting European Farm Subsidies to Reduce Income ...
 
Facing the Climate Crisis with Facts, Feelings, and Action
Facing the Climate Crisis with Facts, Feelings, and ActionFacing the Climate Crisis with Facts, Feelings, and Action
Facing the Climate Crisis with Facts, Feelings, and Action
 
What can wine tell us about the future of life on Earth?
What can wine tell us about the future of life on Earth? What can wine tell us about the future of life on Earth?
What can wine tell us about the future of life on Earth?
 
Teaching Climate Literacy in High Schools & Universities
Teaching Climate Literacy in High Schools & UniversitiesTeaching Climate Literacy in High Schools & Universities
Teaching Climate Literacy in High Schools & Universities
 
Adapting, Implementing, and Scaling up an Academic Flying Less Policy: Lesson...
Adapting, Implementing, and Scaling up an Academic Flying Less Policy: Lesson...Adapting, Implementing, and Scaling up an Academic Flying Less Policy: Lesson...
Adapting, Implementing, and Scaling up an Academic Flying Less Policy: Lesson...
 
Effective policies for reducing climate emissions from consumption
Effective policies for reducing climate emissions from consumptionEffective policies for reducing climate emissions from consumption
Effective policies for reducing climate emissions from consumption
 
Reducing flying at Lund University
Reducing flying at Lund University Reducing flying at Lund University
Reducing flying at Lund University
 
A Vision for a 1.5°C Compatible Wine Industry by 2035
A Vision for a 1.5°C Compatible Wine Industry by 2035 A Vision for a 1.5°C Compatible Wine Industry by 2035
A Vision for a 1.5°C Compatible Wine Industry by 2035
 
Innovations and progress in flying less
Innovations and progress in flying lessInnovations and progress in flying less
Innovations and progress in flying less
 
What can one person do about climate change?
What can one person do about climate change? What can one person do about climate change?
What can one person do about climate change?
 
Academic flying
Academic flyingAcademic flying
Academic flying
 
The past, present, and future of climate change and wine
The past, present, and future of climate change and wineThe past, present, and future of climate change and wine
The past, present, and future of climate change and wine
 
What can kids do about climate change?
What can kids do about climate change?What can kids do about climate change?
What can kids do about climate change?
 
High impact actions for an individual to reduce their carbon footprint
High impact actions for an individual to reduce their carbon footprintHigh impact actions for an individual to reduce their carbon footprint
High impact actions for an individual to reduce their carbon footprint
 
Globala målen- entreprenör projekt i Somalia
Globala målen- entreprenör projekt i SomaliaGlobala målen- entreprenör projekt i Somalia
Globala målen- entreprenör projekt i Somalia
 
Defining, Measuring, and Incentivizing Sustainable Land Use
Defining, Measuring, and Incentivizing Sustainable Land Use Defining, Measuring, and Incentivizing Sustainable Land Use
Defining, Measuring, and Incentivizing Sustainable Land Use
 
Writing to make a difference- while staying out of trouble
Writing to make a difference- while staying out of troubleWriting to make a difference- while staying out of trouble
Writing to make a difference- while staying out of trouble
 
A taste of the future: Wine in a changing climate
A taste of the future: Wine in a changing climate A taste of the future: Wine in a changing climate
A taste of the future: Wine in a changing climate
 
Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals: Who, What, When, Where, Why, and H...
Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals: Who, What, When, Where, Why, and H...Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals: Who, What, When, Where, Why, and H...
Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals: Who, What, When, Where, Why, and H...
 
How (not) to give a talk june 2016
How (not) to give a talk june 2016How (not) to give a talk june 2016
How (not) to give a talk june 2016
 

Recently uploaded

How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 WebsiteHow to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
Celine George
 
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdfC Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
Scholarhat
 
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptxKesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
artenzmartenkai
 
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
KlettWorldLanguages
 
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequenceSEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
Murugan Solaiyappan
 
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal HygieneEdukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
MJDuyan
 
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 SlidesWhat is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUMENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
HappieMontevirgenCas
 
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
Celine George
 
NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource Book
NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource BookNAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource Book
NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource Book
lakitawilson
 
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
Celine George
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptxBRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
kambal1234567890
 
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
thanhluan21
 
How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17
How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17
How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.Vformative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
DrRavindrakshirsagar1
 
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergartenmatatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
SarahAlie1
 
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline PartnershipNC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
Mebane Rash
 
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
MJDuyan
 

Recently uploaded (20)

How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
 
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 WebsiteHow to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
 
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdfC Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
 
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
 
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptxKesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
 
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
2024 KWL Back 2 School Summer Conference
 
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequenceSEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
 
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal HygieneEdukasyong Pantahanan at  Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan 1: Personal Hygiene
 
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 SlidesWhat is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
 
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUMENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
ENGLISH-7-CURRICULUM MAP- MATATAG CURRICULUM
 
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
 
NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource Book
NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource BookNAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource Book
NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct Resource Book
 
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptxBRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
BRIGADA ESKWELA OPENING PROGRAM KICK OFF.pptx
 
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY N...
 
How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17
How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17
How to Create a New Article in Knowledge App in Odoo 17
 
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.Vformative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
 
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergartenmatatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
matatag curriculum education for Kindergarten
 
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline PartnershipNC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
 
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
(T.L.E.) Agriculture: Essentials of Gardening
 

The Thesis Toolbox: Research Design for Academic Writing

  • 1. The Thesis Toolbox Kim Nicholas LUCSUS, Lund University 19 February 2014 kimberly.nicholas.academic@gmail.com @KA_Nicholas
  • 2. 2
  • 3. Outline for today 1. Thesis: What and Why? 2. Thesis: How? 1. Practical: Toolbox 2. Theoretical: Epistemology and ontology (oooh!!) 3. Time management & motivation 3
  • 4. Outline for today 1. Thesis: What and Why? 2. Thesis: How? 1. Practical: Toolbox 2. Theoretical: Epistemology and ontology (oooh!!) 3. Time management & motivation 4
  • 6. What’s a Thesis? 1. Ask a Question 2. Answer it! It’s simple, but not easy 6
  • 7. What’s a Thesis? 1. Ask a Question 2. Answer it! 7
  • 8. Why Write a Thesis? 8
  • 9. How to Write a Thesis 9 …In practice and theory
  • 10. Outline for today 1. Thesis: What and Why? 2. Thesis: How? 1. Practical: Toolbox 2. Theoretical: Epistemology and ontology (oooh!!) 3. Time management & motivation 10
  • 11. What is research design? • Make sure evidence gathered allows you to answer the research question unambiguously • Research design = a ‘logical’ problem – don’t jump straight to methods and data • Seek compelling evidence (be sceptical) – anticipate & test alternative hypotheses – design research to try and falsify theory based on: Chapter 1, de Vaus (2001). Research Design in Social Research. Slide from Dr. Charlie Wilson, Tyndall Centre/UEA 11
  • 12. Research Design 12 Topic Question Variables Refine Operationalize Collect Methods Data Results Analyze Interpret Discussion Summarize Conclusion
  • 13. Research Design WRITING & DRAWING 13 Topic Question Variables Refine Operationalize Collect Methods Data Results Analyze Interpret Discussion Summarize Conclusion
  • 14. Research Design WRITING & DRAWING 14 Topic Question Variables Refine Operationalize Collect Methods Data Results Analyze Interpret Discussion Summarize Conclusion
  • 15. Topic • A place, group of people, technology, theory, author, buzzword, community of scholars… • Too general to be researchable 15
  • 16. Topic Question Food security, cities, ecosystem services (other RQs…) 16 Kyle Clark LUMES MSc thesis, 2011; Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology
  • 17. Urban Food Forestry* * ‘‘the intentional and strategic use of woody perennial food-producing species in urban edible landscapes to improve the sustainability and resilience of urban communities.’’ Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology http://urbanfoodforestry.org/
  • 18. Research Design WRITING & DRAWING 18 Topic Question Variables Refine Operationalize Collect Methods Data Results Analyze Interpret Discussion Summarize Conclusion
  • 20. Research Questions Aren’t Easy • “Research is figuring out how to ask and answer good questions.” - Chris Field (When you really get this down, they give you a PhD! …Only takes 5-7 years ) 20
  • 21. Where do questions come from? 21 GEO-5, “Review of Data Needs”
  • 22. A Good Research Question Is… • NOVEL (no one knows the answer yet!) • RELEVANT (addresses sustainability challenges and solutions) • ANSWERABLE (given the constraints you face) • VALID (constructs of concepts are valid) • CONNECTED (related to current issue in theory, practice, or research) 22
  • 23. Research Questions - Characteristics Assessing potential research questions Characteristic Points 0-1 Answer is not immediately obvious Could be more than one answer or solution Realigns accepted notions – forces different view of issue Controversial – tension and uncertainty about the answer Calls assumptions into question Narrow focus area allowing suitably deep exploration Clear enough for other people to understand Highlights some sort of inconsistency in an accepted position or view Points to an incompleteness or inaccuracy in an accepted explanation Indicates missing steps that are critical to an accepted argument Identifies an important confusion or ambiguity in a problem Surfaces issues that are important but ignored in accepted treatments Requests new information or old information that can be presented in a new way Clear, straightforward & comprehensible –Researchable– – information available that will help provide an answer Poses a problem that–s significant to your reader and interesting to your audience Possible to answer in the time available to you Will sustain your interest for the duration of the project It asks a question TOTAL Research Questions Characteristics Worksheet 23 http://faculty.virginia.edu/capstone/research/
  • 24. Topic Question Food security, cities, ecosystem services What is the potential capacity of urban food forestry to meet food needs? (other RQs…) 24 Kyle Clark LUMES MSc thesis, 2011; Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology
  • 25. Research Design WRITING & DRAWING 25 Topic Question Variables Refine Operationalize Collect Methods Data Results Analyze Interpret Discussion Summarize Conclusion
  • 26. Construct • Phenomenon of interest; what we care about. • Exist only within our minds • Therefore, cannot be observed directly -> not researchable! 26 3D image of mouse brain! Chung et al., 2013, Nature
  • 27. Construct • Examples: – Power – Equity – Efficiency – Biodiversity – Land use change – Food security – Climate change – Sustainability – Intelligence – Happiness – Justice – Awareness – Preferences – Behavior – Education – Health – … 3D image of mouse brain! Chung et al., 2013, Nature Image: ebsconsultants.com27
  • 28. From constructs… 28 Chung et al., 2013, Nature
  • 29. Operationalize 29 Chung et al., 2013, Nature From constructs…
  • 30. From constructs to variables Operationalize 30 Chung et al., 2013, Nature Photo: Block Publishing
  • 31. Topic Question Operation alizing… Food security, cities, ecosystem services What is the potential capacity of urban food forestry to meet food needs? “capacity of UFF”-> tons of apples produced Food Needs -> calories demanded (other RQs…) 31 Kyle Clark LUMES MSc thesis, 2011; Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology
  • 32. From constructs to variables Exhaustive + Mutually exclusive + Defined + Measurable + Observable + Valid theory ___________ Operationalization 32
  • 33. From constructs to variables Exhaustive + Mutually exclusive + Defined + Measurable + Observable + Valid theory ___________ VARIABLES Operationalization Researchable! 33
  • 34. Variables • Something we measure (categorize), control, or manipulate in research • “Something that may or does vary” • A trait that can change in value from case to case, or within a case over time 34
  • 35. Topic Question Operation alizing… Variables Food security, cities, ecosystem services What is the potential capacity of urban food forestry to meet food needs? “capacity of UFF”-> tons of apples produced What trees to plant? Available land for planting trees Density of planting Yield per ha Food Needs -> calories demanded Very Food Insecure calorie needs Total population fruit needs Tons to calories (other RQs…) 35 Kyle Clark LUMES MSc thesis, 2011; Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology
  • 36. Defining a variable What does it mean to be a “beer drinker”? Image: artsvegas.com 36
  • 37. Does our definition pass the test? Precise + Defined + Measurable + Observable + Valid theory ___________ VARIABLES Researchable! 37
  • 38. Research Terminology • Construct: Phenomenon of interest • Variables: a trait that captures variation in concept • Measure: actual item over which scores will be measured • Data: the actual numbers 38
  • 39. Planetary Boundaries operationalize sustainability Construct Variables Measure Data Rockström et al., 2009, Nature “Safe operating space” 39
  • 40. Research Design WRITING & DRAWING 40 Topic Question Variables Refine Operationalize Collect Methods Data Results Analyze Interpret Discussion Summarize Conclusion
  • 41. Case selection and description • What are you studying? • Selection of the unit of analysis (plots, countries, people, groups)- criteria for inclusion/exclusion. • Who, what, when, where? (“why” was established in the Intro & by RQs) 41
  • 42. Topic Question Operation alizing… Variables How to collect data? How to analyze data? Food security, cities, ecosystem services What is the potential capacity of urban food forestry to meet food needs? “capacity of UFF”-> tons of apples produced What trees to plant? Lit review Available land for planting trees GIS mapping Density of planting Lit review Yield per ha Lit review Food Needs -> calories demanded Very Food Insecure calorie needs How many people, how many calories Total population fruit needs How many people, how much fruit Tons to calories Lit review (other RQs…) 42 Kyle Clark LUMES MSc thesis, 2011; Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology
  • 43. Align RQs, variables, methods, analysis 43 How many to plant X How much yield per ha = Tons of apples
  • 44. Research Design WRITING & DRAWING 44 Topic Question Variables Refine Operationalize Collect Methods Data Results Analyze Interpret Discussion Summarize Conclusion
  • 45. 3 planting * 3 yield scenarios Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology VFI deficit met (inner)
  • 46. Urban trees could provide substantial food Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology VFI deficit met (inner)
  • 47. Topic Question Operation alizing… Variables How to collect data? How to analyze data? Food security, cities, ecosystem services What is the potential capacity of urban food forestry to meet food needs? “capacity of UFF”-> tons of apples produced What trees to plant? Lit review Suitable species Available land for planting trees GIS mapping Classifying & quantifying open land Density of planting Lit review Scenarios Yield per ha Lit review Scenarios Food Needs -> calories demanded Very Food Insecure calorie needs How many people, how many calories Calculations from lit data Total population fruit needs How many people, how much fruit Calculations from lit data Tons to calories Lit review Calories per gram conversion (other RQs…) 47 Kyle Clark LUMES MSc thesis, 2011; Clark and Nicholas, 2013, Landscape Ecology
  • 48. Research Design WRITING & DRAWING 48 Topic Question Variables Refine Operationalize Collect Methods Data Results Analyze Interpret Discussion Summarize Conclusion
  • 49. Research Design WRITING & DRAWING 49 Topic Question Variables Refine Operationalize Collect Methods Data Results Analyze Interpret Discussion Summarize Conclusion
  • 50. Topic Research Question Operation alizing Variables How to collect data? How to analyze data? (other RQs…) 50
  • 51. Outline for today 1. Thesis: What and Why? 2. Thesis: How? 1. Practical: Toolbox 2. Theoretical: Epistemology and ontology (oooh!!) 3. Time management & motivation 51
  • 52. 52 Khagram, Nicholas et al., 2010, Environmental Conservation
  • 53. Big Picture Research Paradigms Darker shadings indicate greater affinities 53 Khagram, Nicholas et al., 2010, Environmental Conservation
  • 54. Research Design 54 Topic Question Variables Refine Operationalize Collect Methods Data Results Analyze Interpret Discussion Summarize Conclusion
  • 55. Outline for today 1. Thesis: What and Why? 2. Thesis: How? 1. Practical: Toolbox 2. Theoretical: Epistemology and ontology (oooh!!) 3. Time management & motivation 55
  • 56. First Things First http://www.themodernnomad.com/2012/rocks-pebbles-sand/ 56
  • 57. 57
  • 58. 58
  • 59. 59
  • 60. Role of supervisor http://phdskills.blogspot.se/, “Manage your PhD Supervisor” 60
  • 62. Benefits of writing regularly • 6 year study of 32 people • 16 regular writers (30 minutes/day, consistently) • 16 binge writers Boice, Advice for New Faculty62
  • 63. Why does it feel like you know less now than when you started? Bianchi et al., 2010, Nature 63
  • 68. Thanks! Kim Nicholas LUCSUS, Lund University 19 February 2014 kimberly.nicholas.academic@gmail.com @KA_Nicholas
  • 69. The illustrated guide to a Ph.D. Matt Might matt.might.net 69
  • 70. 70
  • 71. 71
  • 72. 72
  • 73. 73
  • 74. 74
  • 75. 75
  • 76. 76
  • 77. 77
  • 78. 78
  • 80. 80