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The Spanish
business think tank
of reference
July 2014
• 2
	
1.	 WHO WE ARE	 3
2.	GOVERNANCE MODEL	 4
3.	 STAFF	 5
4.	PARTNERS	 6
5.	PRESENCE	 7
	 5.1. ON LINE CONTENT	 7
	 5.2. MEDIA	 8
	 5.3. EVENTS ORGANIZATION	 9
	 5.4. INTERNATIONAL FORUMS	 10
6.	OUTPUTS	 11
	 6.1. POLICY PROPOSALS AND RECOMMENDATIONS	 11
	 6.2. PROGRAMS	 14
	 6.3. MEETINGS AND FORUMS	 16
	 6.4. PUBLICATIONS	 18
7.	 IMPACT	 19
Index
• 3CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
1. Who we are
Círculo de Empresarios (CdE) was created in 1977 as a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting
entrepreneurship, private initiative and a market economy.
CdE acts as an independent think tank in Spanish society by expressing ideas, carrying out studies and issuing
opinions to help improve economic and social development.
CdE also serves as a center for discussion and debate by bringing together personalities from different sectors
(government business, academia, media, civil society) and promoting a constructive dialogue about matters of
general interest, particularly those involving the private business sector.
CdE is action-focused: it operates a series of programs and activities that help promote cooperation and the transfer
of knowledge between the business world and other sectors of society, and help increase general awareness about
domestic economic issues.
Main areas of action
CdE´s areas of action include:
• Domestic Economic Policy
• Collaboration with Private and Public institutions
• Networking
• Education Policy
Funding model
CdE is an independent, nonpartisan organization.
Its activities are financed exclusively by members’ contributions.
Its annual budget ensures stability and has reached amounts of between €1.5m and €1.8m in the last five years.
The annual budget amounts to €1.65m in 2014.
Members
At the end of 2013, CdE had 196 members, representing some of the most important private companies operating
in Spain such as Acciona, Alstom, Banco Popular, Banco Sabadell, BBVA, Caixa Bank, Carrefour, CLH,
Deloitte, DKV Seguros, Enagas, Endesa, Ericsson, E&Y, Ferrovial, Fujitsu, Google, Grupo Calidad
Pascual, Grupo Quirón, Hispasat, Iberdrola, IBM, Inditex, Indra, KPMG, McKinsey, Mercadona,
Prosegur, PwC, Repsol, Santander, Siemens, Técnicas Reunidas,Telefónica or Vodafone, just to name a few.
• 4CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
CdE is an association of businessmen and top managers of some of the most important private companies
operating in Spain but it has an autonomous management and governance structure.
Organigram
The Board of Directors, composed of 27 members elected for three-year terms and currently chaired by
Mónica de Oriol, ensures that financial and human resources are properly mobilized to fulfill CdE´s mission.
The Advisory Council is composed of former government officials and academics, currently comprised by:
• Jesús Fernández-Villaverde, Professor of Economics at the University of Pennsylvania.
• Javier Gómez-Navarro, former Minister of Commerce and Tourism.
• Jaime Requeijo, Professor Emmeritus of Applied Economics and former Counsellor of the Central
Bank of Spain.
• Eduardo Serra, former Minister of Defense.
The Advisory Council ensures independence and quality of CdE.
It also ensures that its activities and output achieve the maximum impact.
An Executive Committee was created in 2013 to increase agility in decision-making and improve the day-to-day
management of the association.
In order to efficiently and effectively manage the wide range of programs and initiatives, CdE has appointed
managers for the main areas of action, namely:
• Jose María Alonso, Justice
• María Benjumea, Entrepreneurship
• Josu Jon Imaz, Energy
• Manuel Pérez-Sala, National Budget
• Elena Pisonero, Spanish Medium-Sized Companies Project
• Matías Rodríguez-Inciarte, Social Collaboration Programs
• Iñigo Sagardoy, Labor Reform
• Alberto Terol, Tax Reform
• Javier Vega de Seoane, “Barometer of the Círculos”
Board
of Directors
Staff
Executive
Committee
Advisory
Council
Committees
and
Programs
Managers
The top management
is highly committed to
Círculo de Empresarios’
mission
2. Governance model
• 5CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
A highly skilled staff helps
Círculo de Empresarios
accomplish its goals
CdE’s internal team consists of highly skilled and experienced professionals who are specialized in the areas of:
• Economics
• Public Policy
• Administration
• Fiscal Affairs
• Labor Legislation
• International Relations
• Education
• Communication
CdE has the ability to recruit elite scholars and analysts. To give just a few examples:
• Juan Cacicedo, former lecturer at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Universidad Pontificia de
Salamanca and Universidad Internacional Menéndez Pelayo de Santander
• Alicia Coronil, PhD, Director of the Department of Economics, Coordinator of the Academic Area and
Lecturer at the ESIC Business and Marketing School
• Yolanda Fernández, lecturer at the Fundación Estudios Financieros
• Jesús Fernández-Villaverde, PhD in Economics, University of Minnesota and Professor of Economics
at the University of Pennsylvania
• Emilio González, PhD, Lecturer at the Universidad Autónoma, Madrid.
• Petra Mateos, PhD, Professor at CUNEF
• Jaime Requeijo, PhD, Emeritus Professor of Applied Economics at UNED and IEB
• Jesús Sainz, former Lecturer in International Economics at ICADE. Business School, distinguised with
New York University Presidential Medal
3. Staff
• 6CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
• Asociación para el Progreso de la Dirección
(www.apd.es)
• Asociación Valenciana de Empresarios
(www.ave.org)
• BBVA Research
(www.bbvaresearch.com)
• Círculo de Economía
(www.circuloeconomia.com)
• Círculo de Empresarios de Galicia
(www.clubfinacierovigo.com)
• Círculo de Economía de Mallorca
(www.cerclemallorca.com)
• Círculo de Empresarios Vascos
(www.circuloempresariosvascos.org)
• Deusto Business School
(www.dbs.deusto.es)
• Fundación Create
(www.fundacioncreate.org)
• Fundación de Estudios Financieros
– FEF (www.fef.es)
• Fundación para la Innovación Bankinter
(www.fundacionbankinter.org)
• Fundación Rafael del Pino
(www.frdel pino.es)
• ICEX España Exportación e Inversiones
(www.icex.es)
• IE Business School
(www.ie.edu)
• IESE Business School
(www.iese.edu)
• Institución Futuro
(www.ifuturo.org)
• Observatorio Económico de Andalucía
(www.oeandalucia.com)
• Universidad de Alcalá
(www.uah.es)
• Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
(www.uam.es)
• Universidad Complutense de Madrid
(www.ucm.es)
• Universidad Pontificia Comillas-ICADE
(www.upcomillas.es)
• Business Administration Forum
(Portugal) www.faeonline.pt
• Business Council of Latin America
(CEAL) www.ceal.co
• Business Leadership South Africa
(NBI) www.businessleadership.org.za
• Center for Finnish Business and Policy Studies
(EVA; Finland) www.eva.fi
• CES-Ifo
(Germany) www.cesifo-group.de
• China Institute for Reform and Development
(CIRD) www.chinareform.org/
• Committee for Economic Development of Australia
(CEDA) www.ceda.com.au
• Institut de l’Entreprise
(France) www.institut-entreprise.fr
• Japan Association of Corporate Executives
(Kezai Doyukai) www.doyukai.or.jp
• Society and Enterprise Foundation
(SMO, Netherlands) www.smo.nl
• The U.S. Committee for Economic Development
(CED) www.ced.org
Círculo de Empresarios counts
on the support of a wide network
of partners and think tanks
National partners: International partners
4. Partners
• 7CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
5. Presence
5.1.	 Online content
CdE has an active Internet presence based on a dynamic website and an increasing participation in social networks,
including Twitter and Linkedin.
CdE´s “Squaring the circle”, (Cuadrando el círculo) blog (http://circulodeempresarios.org/blog) allows members to post
their opinions and comments. CdE uses new media tools such as YouTube, Flickr, SlideShare and Scribb to share
knowledge and broaden the reach of its outputs.
Its website (http://Círculodeempresarios.org/) offers general information about the Association, programs, agenda with
upcoming events and the latest news on its activities or on general matters that might be of interest for its members.
Since CdE is a think tank that seeks to transfer knowledge, users of its website can access and download any of its
publications, including market overviews, research reports, yearbooks, policy recommendations, etc.
During the first semester of 2014, CdE´s website received 25,905 visits and its most recent publication “The
Barometer” (El Barómetro de los Círculos) recorded more than 18,000 downloads during the first month.
Videos:
CdE´s website offers over 70 videos with speeches, press conferences, events, awards and interviews of business
personalities. Just to name a few examples of the most recent speakers:
• Luis María Linde, Governor of the Bank of Spain.
URL: Luis María Linde, Gobernador del Banco de España en el Foro Círculo
• Guntram Wolff, Director of Bruegel.
URL: Foro Círculo con Guntram Wolff, director de Bruegel
• Alan D. Solomont, former United States Ambassador to Spain.
URL: Desayuno con Alan D. Solomont, Embajador de Estados Unidos
• Satoru Satoh, Japan Ambassador to Spain.
URL: Desayuno Círculo con el Embajador de Japón, Satoru Satoh
• Giles Paxman, former UK Ambassador to Spain.
URL: Desayuno Círculo con Giles Paxman, Embajador del Reino Unido en España
• Jérôme Bonafont, French Ambassador to Spain.
URL: Foro Círculo con Jérôme Bonnafont, Embajador de la República Francesa
• Reinhard Silberberg, German Ambassador to Spain.
URL: Reinhard Silberberg, Embajador de Alemania en España
• Eduardo Torres-Dulce, Attorney General of Spain.
URL: Eduardo Torres-Dulce, Fiscal General del Estado, en el Círculo de Empresarios
• 8CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
5.2.	 Media
CdE website is very active in printed media, including newspapers and specialized magazines.
During 2013 and the first semester of 2014, CdE published more than 20 articles and granted several interviews in
some of the most widely read national newspapers such as ABC, El Mundo, El Pais, Expansión, Cinco Días,
La Razón, La Vanguardia and El Correo; and magazines such as Actualidad Económica, Tiempo, Inversión
and Capital.
CdE gets public visibility through television and radio appearances. During 2013 and the first semester of
2014, CdE appeared in 27 television programs in Antena 3 TV, TVE, Telemadrid and Intereconomía,
among others, and issued 67 radio statements and interviews in RTVE, Cadena SER, Onda Cero, Cope,
Intereconomía radio, esRadio, etc. Additionally, CdE was referred to 1,110 times.
• Participation of Alicia Coronil, CdE Director of Economics, in a public debate broadcasted in Espejo
Público, Antena 3TV.
URL: Alicia Coronil en la tertulia de Espejo Público de Antena3TV
• Interview to Mónica de Oriol in La Noche en 24 horas, RTVE (Spanish Radio and Television
Corporation).
URL: Entrevista a Mónica de Oriol en La noche en 24 horas de RTVE
• Interview to Alicia Coronil in Hoy por Hoy Cadena SER.
URL: Alicia Coronil en Hoy por Hoy de la Cadena SER
• Participation of Jesús Sainz, CdE Secretary General, in a public debate on Labour Reform in Km. 0,
Telemadrid. (Madrid regional TV channel).
• 9CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
5.3.	 Events organization
CdE organizes events not only for its members but also for government officials, civil society, academia and media.
During 2013 and the first semester of 2014, CdE organized nine of such public events:
• “The law of entrepreneurs that Spain needs”. Debate with the participation of CdE´s President,
Mónica de Oriol; Javier Ulecia, Vice President of the Spanish Association of Venture Capital (ASCRI);
Catalina Hoffman, founder of Vitalia; Maria Benjumea, President of Startup Spain; and Manuel Valle,
Director General of Industry and SMEs.
• “Financial support to business internationalization”. Conference jointly organized with ICEX in
Seville. The event was closed by CdE´s President, Mónica de Oriol; the Andalusian Minister of Economy,
Innovation, Science and Employment, Antonio Ávila; and the Secretary of State for Commerce, Jaime
García-Legaz.
• “35 years of contribution to the Spanish society”. Presentation of the book commemorating the
35th anniversary of the Círculo de Empresarios, with the participation of Luis de Guindos, Minister of
Economy and Competitiveness.
• “Pensions: a core reform”. Book published together with the Foundation for Financial Studies and
presented by the Presidents of both institutions, Mónica de Oriol and Juan Carlos Ureta, together with
the Minister of Employment and Social Security, Fátima Báñez; the Director of the research team, José
Antonio Herce; and the Chief Economist of BBVA Research, Rafael Domenech.
• “Pensions: a core reform”. Presentation in Barcelona with the participation of Jordi Oliva, Director of
Financial Policy, Treasury and Insurance of the Government of Catalonia.
• “The Entrepreneur as the driving force for growth”. Debate jointly organized with Rafael del Pino
Foundation. With the participation of CdE´s President Mónica de Oriol, Antonio Fernández Ecker,
Deputy Director of SMEs; Elsa González, President of the Federation of Press Associations of Spain;
and Julio Martínez, President of Universidad Pontificia de Comillas ICAI-ICADE.
• “Cre100do.es”. Presentation of this project promoted together with the Bankinter Innovation Foundation
and ICEX. Participating in the presentation were the Chairman of Bankinter, Pedro Guerrero; the
President and Vicepresident of Bankinter Innovation Foundation, José María Fernández-Sousa and
Carlos Mira; the General Director for Business Internationalization of ICEX, Isaac D. Martín-Barbero,
and CdE´s Secretary General, Jesús Sainz.
• “The Kingdom of Spain Award for Entrepreneurial Achievement.” Award presented by King Juan
Carlos I to Enrique de Sendagorta, Honorary President of SENER. This event was also attended by
the Minister of Economy and Competitiveness Luis de Guindos.
• “The change that Spain needs: Lessons from the Barometer”. Conference by Jesús Fernández-
Villaverde, Professor of Economics at the University of Pennsylvania and a member of the Advisory
Board of CdE, during the presentation of the report published together with Círculo de Economía (Barcelona)
and Círculo de Empresarios Vascos.
• 10CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
5.4.	 International forums
CdE is considered a point of reference, as demonstrated by the numerous invitations that it receives to participate
in international events. During 2013 and the first semester of 2014, president Mónica de Oriol has participated
in several international meetings as a speaker:
•	Forum Expresso XXI in Vidago, Portugal, organized by the Banco Espirito Santo: “State and challenges
of the Spanish economy”. May 16 and 17, 2014.
•	Spain Economic Forum 2014 in New York, organized by the Spain-U.S. Chamber of Commerce. May
7 and 8, 2014.
•	“LSE on Spain in the Global Economy; the Outlook for 2014 “ conference in the Ramón Areces
Foundation in Madrid. Organised by LSE in Spain. November 25, 2013.
•	IX Latin American Business Conference in Panama. October 16-18, 2013.
•	International Meeting of Opposing Parties in Paris, organized by the Institut de L’Entreprise, in the
panel discussion “The Changing Companies”. June 18, 2013.
•	Spain Summit “Strategies for Global Growth” in Madrid, organized by The Economist Panel.
February 12, 2013.
• 11CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
6. Outputs
6.1.	 Policy proposal and recommendations
Over these four decades since its inception, CdE has been making valuable and diverse contributions to the
political debate.
One of its main concerns is the creation of conditions that permit good performance of the market economy,
where entrepreneurship and private initiative can flourish. With this aim, CdE has been issuing recommendations
and proposals on subjects such as State regulation, political and economic freedom, improvement of
infrastructures, modernization of Public Administration, and reform of the tax system and labor market. Many
of those recommendations and proposals have been taken on board by different Spanish governments or by the
political parties in their programs.
Role of the State
Although the values of pluralism and individual freedom have been achieved and are now part of today’s Spanish
society, the private sector has not yet reached its full potential, in part due to excessive State intervention and size
of the public sector.
CdE therefore proposes that:
• The role of the State is to create the conditions that help foster private initiative and promote pluralism
and individual freedom.
• TheStateshouldfundamentallyactinthreeareas:justice,securityandprotectionof theunderprivileged
and marginalized groups.
Economic freedom
CdE believes that private initiative is an essential element in a democratic society
and plays an irreplaceable role in economic, technological and social progress.
CdE has always defended the liberalization and deregulation of the economy
even when mainstream political thinking advocated increased State intervention.
CdE has been striving to improve the regulatory framework and to achieve
greater coordination between the different levels of Administration. Regional
Autonomous Communities should refrain from creating local/regional regulations
merely for the sake of political differentiation.
CdE also advocate that regulatory bodies should be independent and not be
influenced by politicians.
• 12CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
Modernization of infrastructures
Although the values of pluralism and individual freedom have been achieved and are now part of today’s Spanish
society, the private sector has not yet reached its full potential, in part due to excessive State intervention and size
of the public sector.
CdE therefore proposes that:
In order to avoid the lack of adequate infrastructures that can hinder competitiveness and economic growth:
•	CdE advocates to keep investing in infrastructures, regardless of the macroeconomic situation.
•	CdE calls for the reduction of public expenditure in certain areas so that resources can be reallocated
to other areas without increasing the tax burden or the public debt.
•	CdE calls for an effiicient management of infrastructures.
•	CdE advocates the privatization of main infrastructures.
Modernization of the Public Administration
CdE defends that the Public Administration should adopt management criteria and incentive systems that are
common practice in the private sector.
CdE recommends a new service philosophy based on the concept of “client” and “client’s expectations”.
It advocates externalization in areas which are not considered pure public services.
In order to avoid overlapping, CdE calls for a clear distribution of powers, between the Nation´s goverment and
the Regional and Local Administrations.
Reform of the tax system
Over the years CdE has proposed the modernization of the tax system, including:
• Reduction of the tax burden
• Tax consolidation
• Replacement of direct taxation by indirect taxation
• Elimination of the property tax
• Simplification of the personal income tax system
• Improvement of the efficiency of public expenditure
• Introduction of one single and reduced corporate tax rate
• 13CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
Efficient Labor market
One of the main structural problems affecting Spain’s economy is the high level of unemployment. In order to
achieve an efficient labor market CdE advocates:
• Salary increases tied to increased productivity rather than to the rate of inflation
• Reduction of employers’ contributions to the Social Security
• Reform of employment policies
• Specific measures to improve youth employment
• Parity of dismissal costs of permanent contracts and temporary contracts to eliminate labor market duality
• Reduction to three types of labor contracts and reinforcement of part-time employment
Promote competitiveness
Some of CdE proposals include:
•	Eliminate tax, labor and bureaucratic barriers that hinder business growth
•	Educate young people in the values of entrepreneurship
•	Promote business innovation and internationalization
•	Improve the economic environment
•	Promote reindustrialization
• 14CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
6.2.	 Programs
CdE’s commitment to Spanish society goes well beyond proposing ideas and recommendations to promote
economic growth and social welfare. CdE is also action-oriented and manages various collaborative programs to
strengthen ties between the business sector and the rest of the Spanish society, specifically the political sector.
Programs for politicians and high officials
•	Business and Parliament Scheme (Programa Empresas Parlamentarios)
Under this program, deputies, senators and members of the European Parliament participate in a series of
visits to CdE member-companies.
This program has a double aim: on the one hand, it offers legislators an in-depth view of the business
world; on the other, it provides business managers a view of parliamentary processes at national and
European levels.
•	Executive Management Program for Members of Parliament
(Programa Ejecutivo de Gestión para Parlamentarios).
A joint project of CdE and IE Business School, it was launched in 2001 and targeted at deputies, senators
and other politicians interested in obtaining training on business management. As part of the program,
trainees visit CdE member-companies.
•	Judges Magistrates Business Program (Programa Empresas Magistrados Jueces)
This program offers judges and magistrates an inside view of the business world. Simultaneously, it seeks
to provide business managers with a better knowledge on the administration of justice.
•	Diplomatic Career Business Program (Programa Empresas Carrera Diplomática)
Under this program, members of the Diplomatic carrier, participate in training programs that are promoted
by CdE member-companies.
•	Defense Business Program (Programa Empresas Defensa)
Under this program, students at the Centro Superior de Estudios de la Defensa Nacional (Center for
Studies of National Defense) visit CdE member-companies.
•	Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness Business Program
(Programa Empresas-Funcionarios del Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad)
Workshops in CdE member-companies targeted to high officials of the Ministry of Economy and
Competitiveness.
•	Public Leadership in Entrepreneurship and Innovation Program
(Programa de Liderazgo público en emprendimiento e innovación)
This joint project of CdE and Deusto Business School trains senior officials of the Administration so as
to promote entrepreneurship and innovation in their departments.
• 15CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
Educational Programs
•	Educational Cooperation Programs
(Programas de Cooperación Educativa)
CdE contributes to the training of university students at the Autonomous University of Madrid (Faculty
of Business and Economics Science and Faculty of Psychology) and Comillas Pontifical University–
ICADE. Students have access to traineeship programs in CdE member-companies.
•	Creating our Project Program
(Programa Creamos nuestro proyecto)
CdE participates in this program developed by Create Foundation to promote entrepreneurship values and
attitudes in primary and secondary schools.
•	European Business Program
An international training program, created in 1986, and managed by Antonio de Nebrija University, with
CdE providing its support and expertise.
Programs for Entrepreneurs
•	Business Managers Parliament Program
(Programa Directivos Parlamento)
This program offers business managers an in-depth view
of how the Parliament works.
•	Spanish Seniors for Technical Cooperation
(Seniors Españoles para la Cooperación Técnica, SECOT)
SECOT is a non-profit organization, created by the CdE
and comprised by former business managers who offer their experience and know-how to society.
SECOT’s services are highly requested by small and medium-sized companies and by public and
private institutions.
• 16CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
6.3.	 Meetings and forums
During 2013 and the first semester of 2014, CdE organized 29 events for its members with prestigious opinion
leaders and renowned politicians.
Topic Guest Position Date
State of Justice in Spain Eduardo
Torres - Dulce
Attorney General of Spain June 2014
Spanish social and economic situation Antón Costas President of the
Círculo de Economía
May 2014
Current economic outlook in Spain Elvira Rodríguez President of CNMV, the
regulatory body of the
Spanish Stock Market
April 2014
Current political, economic
and media affairs
Miguel Ángel
Noceda
Economics Correspondent
in the newspaper El Pais
April 2014
Current political and economic affairs
in Spain
Felipe González Former Prime Minister March 2014
Spanish crisis and economic recovery Cristóbal Montoro Minister of Finance
and Public Administration
March 2014
Social networks in our society Carolyn Everson Vice-President of Global
Marketing Solutions
at Facebook
February
2014
Telecommunications in the world
and in Europe
José María
Álvarez-Pallete
CEO of Telefónica February
2014
Current economic outlook in Spain Luis María Linde Governor of the
Bank of Spain
February
2014
Collaboration between Spain and France:
fighting terrorism and overcoming
the economic crisis
Jérôme Bonnafont French Ambassador
to Spain
January 2014
Arcano Report 2013: “The case for Spain II,
Spain 2014 = Germany 2004”
Ignacio de la Torre Partner at Arcano December
2013
Media in Spain Fernando
González Urbaneja
Opinion leader and
contributor to
the journal ABC
December
2013
Energy Forum Eduardo Montes President of UNESA November
2013
Presentation of the book
“There is life after the crisis”
José Carlos Díez Professor of Economics
at the University
Comillas-Icade
October 2013
Public Administration Reform Jaime
Pérez Renovales
Undersecretary of State
for the Prime Minister’s
Office
October 2013
• 17CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
Topic Guest Position Date
Pensions and competitiveness John Müller Deputy Director
of El Mundo
September
2013
Competitiveness in the Euro area.
Spain and Italy
Guntram Wolff Director of Bruegel September
2013
Current political, economic and media affairs José Antonio
Zarzalejos
Renowned journalist and
contributor to the digital
journal El Confidencial
July 2013
Media view Mariano Guindal Journalist, writer and
contributor in the
newspaper La Vanguardia
June 2013
Pension System:
Proposals for a necessary reform
Carmelo Mesa Lago Professor of Social Policy
and Social Security in Latin
America
June 2013
Spain and the United States in the economic
and financial crisis
Alan D. Solomont U.S. Ambassador to Spain June 2013
Spain and the UK in the economic
and financial crisis
Giles Paxman British Ambassador
to Spain
May 2013
Financial and economic crisis Satoru Satoh Japanese Ambassador
to Spain
May 2013
Current political affairs
and media landscape analysis
Miguel Ángel Aguilar Secretary General of the
European Journalists
Association
May 2013
Presentation of the book “We, the Markets.
What they are, how they work and why they
are essential “
Daniel Lacalle Columnist in the journal
El Confidencial
April 2013
Labor reform Engracia Hidalgo Secretary of State
for Employment
April 2013
Crisis and recovery of the Spanish economy Juan María Nin CEO of “la Caixa” April 2013
Econimic outlook in Spain, Europe
and the US
Reinhard Silberberg German Ambassador
to Spain
March 2013
Industry, energy and tourism in Spain José Manuel Soria Minister of Industry,
Energy and Tourism
January 2013
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6.4.	 Publications
During 2013 and the first semester of 2014, CdE published the following reports:
Title Description Date
Medium-sized Spanish companies.
Annual Report
(La empresa mediana española)
Overview of the Spanish business sector based
on Eurostat data and research by CdE.
June 2014
The Barometer
(El Barómetro de los Círculos)
The Barometer seeks to analyze the state of
our economic environment and to define the
changes needed to increase competitiveness
June 2014
Top 50 Spanish medium-sized companies.
Selected success stories
(Top 50 de la empresa mediana española Se-
lección de casos de éxito)
This study falls within CdE´s medium-sized
Companies Project.
April 2014
Survey on entrepreneurs perception
(Encuesta sobre la imagen del Empresario)
Survey to learn the opinion of the Spanish soci-
ety about entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship.
January 2014
35 years of contribution to the Spanish society
(Círculo de Empresarios. 35 años de con-
tribución a la sociedad española)
Commemorative book on CdE´s history since
its inception in 1977.
January 2014
State Budget for 2014: By slowing down the
reformist impulse, recovery can be delayed
(PGE-2014: La pérdida de impulso reformista
podría retrasar la recuperación)
Critical analysis of the State Budget for 2014. October 2013
The medium-sized Spanish companies
(La empresa mediana española)
Research on medium-sized
Spanish companies.
October 2013
Economic growth from the perspective of
Spanish companies
(Crecimiento económico desde la perspectiva
de la empresa española)
Insight of Spanish privates companies on the
economic outlook.
February 2013
Pensions. A core reform
(Pensiones. Una reforma medular)
An in-depth analysis on the reform
of the pension system
January 2014
• 19CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS
7. Impact
Throughout its four decades of history CdE has been
a dynamic voice in the political debate in Spain. It has
proposed ideas that, although initially considered avant-
garde, ended up being implemented in the legislation by
different governments.
From the moment it was founded in 1977, the CdE
advocated that Spain should develop a system of free
market economy. Its ideas contributed to the Spanish
Constitution of 1978, which recognized the market economy as the way of organizing the economic life of
the country.
For CdE, business freedom is a key element of a democratic society and plays an irreplaceable role in its economic,
technological and social progress. CdE requests the State to simply create a framework and rules that facilitate their
development. It also emphasizes the importance of regulatory quality and the existence of a rule of law guaranteed
by the judiciary system. All these objectives have been achieved in different levels since the approval of the
Constitution and its subsequent development through new legislation.
CdE has also contributed to bringing to Spain ideas
about corporate governance. Encouraged by CdE, the
government created a special committee, in which CdE
participated actively, to develop a Corporate Governance
code.
CdE has always advocated the need to privatize public companies so that business and economic criteria would
prevail over political criteria. CdE has also championed the importance of privatizing infrastructure management in
order to boost Spanish economic competitiveness. The privatization of public companies began in 1990 and
today very few companies remain under State ownership.
CdE has been discussing the importance of promoting competition in the Spanish economy:
• Either by increasing the number of competitors in all sectors of economy, specially in those sectors which
were public monopolies or oligopolies, such as the energy sector and telecommunications:
• Or by liberalizing and deregulating policies, such as the freedom of opening times of stores and shops or
home rentals.
Regarding the financial sector, CdE called for the reform of savings banks,
the end of the political control and the elimination of the asymmetry between
commercial and savings banks that distorted competition. This reform is
under way.
Círculo de Empresarios
has contributed to the
recognition of free market
economy and increasing
business freedom
Círculo de Empresarios
has contributed to good
corporate governance
Regarding taxation, CdE has always advocated the importance of reducing the tax burden on citizens and
companies. CdE has repeatedly stressed the need to restructure the taxation system because the current one
discourages savings and investment and encourages fraud. CdE has also asked for the suppression of the wealth tax.
All these proposals are being addressed through successive tax reforms.
Another CdE major concern is the public deficit. CdE proposed the establishment of a constitutional limit on the
State’s borrowing capacity. This proposal was adopted by means of a constitutional reform in August 2010.
Regarding public policies, CdE has endorsed two proposals:
• First, the health reform, which began in 1998 and continues to receive proposals from the Círculo aimed at
applying private management practices and incentives in the provision of these services.
• Secondly, the reform of the pension system. Improvements in this area have been limited.
Many CdE´s recommendations for the labor market
have been included in the labor market reforms
that began in the mid-nineties (e.g., the proposal
that salary negotiations be conducted at a company
level, not on a sectorial level, was adopted in 2012).
But much still needs to be done so as to achieve an
efficient labor market.
CdE also had an important role in defining the Entrepreneurs Act of 2013.
Some of the proposals that were adopted include:
• Implementation of an entrepreneurial education at all levels
• Creation of a public venture capital fund for innovative start-ups
• Reduction in social security contributions for those who become self-employed
• Tax reduction to start-ups and self-employed people.
Finally, CdE´s efforts in improving the social perception about businessmen and entrepreneurs are beginning
to show results. A recent poll by the prestigious Metroscopia Institute indicates that Spanish society has increasing
confidence in employers and that the majority of Spaniards would want their children to be businessmen and
entrepreneurs, as opposed to the traditional preference for being an employee, preferably in the public administration.
Reforms of the banking, tax
and health systems, and of the
labor market, were encouraged
by Circulo de Empresarios

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The Spanish Business Think Tank of reference

  • 1. The Spanish business think tank of reference July 2014
  • 2. • 2 1. WHO WE ARE 3 2. GOVERNANCE MODEL 4 3. STAFF 5 4. PARTNERS 6 5. PRESENCE 7 5.1. ON LINE CONTENT 7 5.2. MEDIA 8 5.3. EVENTS ORGANIZATION 9 5.4. INTERNATIONAL FORUMS 10 6. OUTPUTS 11 6.1. POLICY PROPOSALS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 11 6.2. PROGRAMS 14 6.3. MEETINGS AND FORUMS 16 6.4. PUBLICATIONS 18 7. IMPACT 19 Index
  • 3. • 3CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS 1. Who we are Círculo de Empresarios (CdE) was created in 1977 as a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting entrepreneurship, private initiative and a market economy. CdE acts as an independent think tank in Spanish society by expressing ideas, carrying out studies and issuing opinions to help improve economic and social development. CdE also serves as a center for discussion and debate by bringing together personalities from different sectors (government business, academia, media, civil society) and promoting a constructive dialogue about matters of general interest, particularly those involving the private business sector. CdE is action-focused: it operates a series of programs and activities that help promote cooperation and the transfer of knowledge between the business world and other sectors of society, and help increase general awareness about domestic economic issues. Main areas of action CdE´s areas of action include: • Domestic Economic Policy • Collaboration with Private and Public institutions • Networking • Education Policy Funding model CdE is an independent, nonpartisan organization. Its activities are financed exclusively by members’ contributions. Its annual budget ensures stability and has reached amounts of between €1.5m and €1.8m in the last five years. The annual budget amounts to €1.65m in 2014. Members At the end of 2013, CdE had 196 members, representing some of the most important private companies operating in Spain such as Acciona, Alstom, Banco Popular, Banco Sabadell, BBVA, Caixa Bank, Carrefour, CLH, Deloitte, DKV Seguros, Enagas, Endesa, Ericsson, E&Y, Ferrovial, Fujitsu, Google, Grupo Calidad Pascual, Grupo Quirón, Hispasat, Iberdrola, IBM, Inditex, Indra, KPMG, McKinsey, Mercadona, Prosegur, PwC, Repsol, Santander, Siemens, Técnicas Reunidas,Telefónica or Vodafone, just to name a few.
  • 4. • 4CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS CdE is an association of businessmen and top managers of some of the most important private companies operating in Spain but it has an autonomous management and governance structure. Organigram The Board of Directors, composed of 27 members elected for three-year terms and currently chaired by Mónica de Oriol, ensures that financial and human resources are properly mobilized to fulfill CdE´s mission. The Advisory Council is composed of former government officials and academics, currently comprised by: • Jesús Fernández-Villaverde, Professor of Economics at the University of Pennsylvania. • Javier Gómez-Navarro, former Minister of Commerce and Tourism. • Jaime Requeijo, Professor Emmeritus of Applied Economics and former Counsellor of the Central Bank of Spain. • Eduardo Serra, former Minister of Defense. The Advisory Council ensures independence and quality of CdE. It also ensures that its activities and output achieve the maximum impact. An Executive Committee was created in 2013 to increase agility in decision-making and improve the day-to-day management of the association. In order to efficiently and effectively manage the wide range of programs and initiatives, CdE has appointed managers for the main areas of action, namely: • Jose María Alonso, Justice • María Benjumea, Entrepreneurship • Josu Jon Imaz, Energy • Manuel Pérez-Sala, National Budget • Elena Pisonero, Spanish Medium-Sized Companies Project • Matías Rodríguez-Inciarte, Social Collaboration Programs • Iñigo Sagardoy, Labor Reform • Alberto Terol, Tax Reform • Javier Vega de Seoane, “Barometer of the Círculos” Board of Directors Staff Executive Committee Advisory Council Committees and Programs Managers The top management is highly committed to Círculo de Empresarios’ mission 2. Governance model
  • 5. • 5CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS A highly skilled staff helps Círculo de Empresarios accomplish its goals CdE’s internal team consists of highly skilled and experienced professionals who are specialized in the areas of: • Economics • Public Policy • Administration • Fiscal Affairs • Labor Legislation • International Relations • Education • Communication CdE has the ability to recruit elite scholars and analysts. To give just a few examples: • Juan Cacicedo, former lecturer at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca and Universidad Internacional Menéndez Pelayo de Santander • Alicia Coronil, PhD, Director of the Department of Economics, Coordinator of the Academic Area and Lecturer at the ESIC Business and Marketing School • Yolanda Fernández, lecturer at the Fundación Estudios Financieros • Jesús Fernández-Villaverde, PhD in Economics, University of Minnesota and Professor of Economics at the University of Pennsylvania • Emilio González, PhD, Lecturer at the Universidad Autónoma, Madrid. • Petra Mateos, PhD, Professor at CUNEF • Jaime Requeijo, PhD, Emeritus Professor of Applied Economics at UNED and IEB • Jesús Sainz, former Lecturer in International Economics at ICADE. Business School, distinguised with New York University Presidential Medal 3. Staff
  • 6. • 6CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS • Asociación para el Progreso de la Dirección (www.apd.es) • Asociación Valenciana de Empresarios (www.ave.org) • BBVA Research (www.bbvaresearch.com) • Círculo de Economía (www.circuloeconomia.com) • Círculo de Empresarios de Galicia (www.clubfinacierovigo.com) • Círculo de Economía de Mallorca (www.cerclemallorca.com) • Círculo de Empresarios Vascos (www.circuloempresariosvascos.org) • Deusto Business School (www.dbs.deusto.es) • Fundación Create (www.fundacioncreate.org) • Fundación de Estudios Financieros – FEF (www.fef.es) • Fundación para la Innovación Bankinter (www.fundacionbankinter.org) • Fundación Rafael del Pino (www.frdel pino.es) • ICEX España Exportación e Inversiones (www.icex.es) • IE Business School (www.ie.edu) • IESE Business School (www.iese.edu) • Institución Futuro (www.ifuturo.org) • Observatorio Económico de Andalucía (www.oeandalucia.com) • Universidad de Alcalá (www.uah.es) • Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (www.uam.es) • Universidad Complutense de Madrid (www.ucm.es) • Universidad Pontificia Comillas-ICADE (www.upcomillas.es) • Business Administration Forum (Portugal) www.faeonline.pt • Business Council of Latin America (CEAL) www.ceal.co • Business Leadership South Africa (NBI) www.businessleadership.org.za • Center for Finnish Business and Policy Studies (EVA; Finland) www.eva.fi • CES-Ifo (Germany) www.cesifo-group.de • China Institute for Reform and Development (CIRD) www.chinareform.org/ • Committee for Economic Development of Australia (CEDA) www.ceda.com.au • Institut de l’Entreprise (France) www.institut-entreprise.fr • Japan Association of Corporate Executives (Kezai Doyukai) www.doyukai.or.jp • Society and Enterprise Foundation (SMO, Netherlands) www.smo.nl • The U.S. Committee for Economic Development (CED) www.ced.org Círculo de Empresarios counts on the support of a wide network of partners and think tanks National partners: International partners 4. Partners
  • 7. • 7CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS 5. Presence 5.1. Online content CdE has an active Internet presence based on a dynamic website and an increasing participation in social networks, including Twitter and Linkedin. CdE´s “Squaring the circle”, (Cuadrando el círculo) blog (http://circulodeempresarios.org/blog) allows members to post their opinions and comments. CdE uses new media tools such as YouTube, Flickr, SlideShare and Scribb to share knowledge and broaden the reach of its outputs. Its website (http://Círculodeempresarios.org/) offers general information about the Association, programs, agenda with upcoming events and the latest news on its activities or on general matters that might be of interest for its members. Since CdE is a think tank that seeks to transfer knowledge, users of its website can access and download any of its publications, including market overviews, research reports, yearbooks, policy recommendations, etc. During the first semester of 2014, CdE´s website received 25,905 visits and its most recent publication “The Barometer” (El Barómetro de los Círculos) recorded more than 18,000 downloads during the first month. Videos: CdE´s website offers over 70 videos with speeches, press conferences, events, awards and interviews of business personalities. Just to name a few examples of the most recent speakers: • Luis María Linde, Governor of the Bank of Spain. URL: Luis María Linde, Gobernador del Banco de España en el Foro Círculo • Guntram Wolff, Director of Bruegel. URL: Foro Círculo con Guntram Wolff, director de Bruegel • Alan D. Solomont, former United States Ambassador to Spain. URL: Desayuno con Alan D. Solomont, Embajador de Estados Unidos • Satoru Satoh, Japan Ambassador to Spain. URL: Desayuno Círculo con el Embajador de Japón, Satoru Satoh • Giles Paxman, former UK Ambassador to Spain. URL: Desayuno Círculo con Giles Paxman, Embajador del Reino Unido en España • Jérôme Bonafont, French Ambassador to Spain. URL: Foro Círculo con Jérôme Bonnafont, Embajador de la República Francesa • Reinhard Silberberg, German Ambassador to Spain. URL: Reinhard Silberberg, Embajador de Alemania en España • Eduardo Torres-Dulce, Attorney General of Spain. URL: Eduardo Torres-Dulce, Fiscal General del Estado, en el Círculo de Empresarios
  • 8. • 8CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS 5.2. Media CdE website is very active in printed media, including newspapers and specialized magazines. During 2013 and the first semester of 2014, CdE published more than 20 articles and granted several interviews in some of the most widely read national newspapers such as ABC, El Mundo, El Pais, Expansión, Cinco Días, La Razón, La Vanguardia and El Correo; and magazines such as Actualidad Económica, Tiempo, Inversión and Capital. CdE gets public visibility through television and radio appearances. During 2013 and the first semester of 2014, CdE appeared in 27 television programs in Antena 3 TV, TVE, Telemadrid and Intereconomía, among others, and issued 67 radio statements and interviews in RTVE, Cadena SER, Onda Cero, Cope, Intereconomía radio, esRadio, etc. Additionally, CdE was referred to 1,110 times. • Participation of Alicia Coronil, CdE Director of Economics, in a public debate broadcasted in Espejo Público, Antena 3TV. URL: Alicia Coronil en la tertulia de Espejo Público de Antena3TV • Interview to Mónica de Oriol in La Noche en 24 horas, RTVE (Spanish Radio and Television Corporation). URL: Entrevista a Mónica de Oriol en La noche en 24 horas de RTVE • Interview to Alicia Coronil in Hoy por Hoy Cadena SER. URL: Alicia Coronil en Hoy por Hoy de la Cadena SER • Participation of Jesús Sainz, CdE Secretary General, in a public debate on Labour Reform in Km. 0, Telemadrid. (Madrid regional TV channel).
  • 9. • 9CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS 5.3. Events organization CdE organizes events not only for its members but also for government officials, civil society, academia and media. During 2013 and the first semester of 2014, CdE organized nine of such public events: • “The law of entrepreneurs that Spain needs”. Debate with the participation of CdE´s President, Mónica de Oriol; Javier Ulecia, Vice President of the Spanish Association of Venture Capital (ASCRI); Catalina Hoffman, founder of Vitalia; Maria Benjumea, President of Startup Spain; and Manuel Valle, Director General of Industry and SMEs. • “Financial support to business internationalization”. Conference jointly organized with ICEX in Seville. The event was closed by CdE´s President, Mónica de Oriol; the Andalusian Minister of Economy, Innovation, Science and Employment, Antonio Ávila; and the Secretary of State for Commerce, Jaime García-Legaz. • “35 years of contribution to the Spanish society”. Presentation of the book commemorating the 35th anniversary of the Círculo de Empresarios, with the participation of Luis de Guindos, Minister of Economy and Competitiveness. • “Pensions: a core reform”. Book published together with the Foundation for Financial Studies and presented by the Presidents of both institutions, Mónica de Oriol and Juan Carlos Ureta, together with the Minister of Employment and Social Security, Fátima Báñez; the Director of the research team, José Antonio Herce; and the Chief Economist of BBVA Research, Rafael Domenech. • “Pensions: a core reform”. Presentation in Barcelona with the participation of Jordi Oliva, Director of Financial Policy, Treasury and Insurance of the Government of Catalonia. • “The Entrepreneur as the driving force for growth”. Debate jointly organized with Rafael del Pino Foundation. With the participation of CdE´s President Mónica de Oriol, Antonio Fernández Ecker, Deputy Director of SMEs; Elsa González, President of the Federation of Press Associations of Spain; and Julio Martínez, President of Universidad Pontificia de Comillas ICAI-ICADE. • “Cre100do.es”. Presentation of this project promoted together with the Bankinter Innovation Foundation and ICEX. Participating in the presentation were the Chairman of Bankinter, Pedro Guerrero; the President and Vicepresident of Bankinter Innovation Foundation, José María Fernández-Sousa and Carlos Mira; the General Director for Business Internationalization of ICEX, Isaac D. Martín-Barbero, and CdE´s Secretary General, Jesús Sainz. • “The Kingdom of Spain Award for Entrepreneurial Achievement.” Award presented by King Juan Carlos I to Enrique de Sendagorta, Honorary President of SENER. This event was also attended by the Minister of Economy and Competitiveness Luis de Guindos. • “The change that Spain needs: Lessons from the Barometer”. Conference by Jesús Fernández- Villaverde, Professor of Economics at the University of Pennsylvania and a member of the Advisory Board of CdE, during the presentation of the report published together with Círculo de Economía (Barcelona) and Círculo de Empresarios Vascos.
  • 10. • 10CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS 5.4. International forums CdE is considered a point of reference, as demonstrated by the numerous invitations that it receives to participate in international events. During 2013 and the first semester of 2014, president Mónica de Oriol has participated in several international meetings as a speaker: • Forum Expresso XXI in Vidago, Portugal, organized by the Banco Espirito Santo: “State and challenges of the Spanish economy”. May 16 and 17, 2014. • Spain Economic Forum 2014 in New York, organized by the Spain-U.S. Chamber of Commerce. May 7 and 8, 2014. • “LSE on Spain in the Global Economy; the Outlook for 2014 “ conference in the Ramón Areces Foundation in Madrid. Organised by LSE in Spain. November 25, 2013. • IX Latin American Business Conference in Panama. October 16-18, 2013. • International Meeting of Opposing Parties in Paris, organized by the Institut de L’Entreprise, in the panel discussion “The Changing Companies”. June 18, 2013. • Spain Summit “Strategies for Global Growth” in Madrid, organized by The Economist Panel. February 12, 2013.
  • 11. • 11CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS 6. Outputs 6.1. Policy proposal and recommendations Over these four decades since its inception, CdE has been making valuable and diverse contributions to the political debate. One of its main concerns is the creation of conditions that permit good performance of the market economy, where entrepreneurship and private initiative can flourish. With this aim, CdE has been issuing recommendations and proposals on subjects such as State regulation, political and economic freedom, improvement of infrastructures, modernization of Public Administration, and reform of the tax system and labor market. Many of those recommendations and proposals have been taken on board by different Spanish governments or by the political parties in their programs. Role of the State Although the values of pluralism and individual freedom have been achieved and are now part of today’s Spanish society, the private sector has not yet reached its full potential, in part due to excessive State intervention and size of the public sector. CdE therefore proposes that: • The role of the State is to create the conditions that help foster private initiative and promote pluralism and individual freedom. • TheStateshouldfundamentallyactinthreeareas:justice,securityandprotectionof theunderprivileged and marginalized groups. Economic freedom CdE believes that private initiative is an essential element in a democratic society and plays an irreplaceable role in economic, technological and social progress. CdE has always defended the liberalization and deregulation of the economy even when mainstream political thinking advocated increased State intervention. CdE has been striving to improve the regulatory framework and to achieve greater coordination between the different levels of Administration. Regional Autonomous Communities should refrain from creating local/regional regulations merely for the sake of political differentiation. CdE also advocate that regulatory bodies should be independent and not be influenced by politicians.
  • 12. • 12CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS Modernization of infrastructures Although the values of pluralism and individual freedom have been achieved and are now part of today’s Spanish society, the private sector has not yet reached its full potential, in part due to excessive State intervention and size of the public sector. CdE therefore proposes that: In order to avoid the lack of adequate infrastructures that can hinder competitiveness and economic growth: • CdE advocates to keep investing in infrastructures, regardless of the macroeconomic situation. • CdE calls for the reduction of public expenditure in certain areas so that resources can be reallocated to other areas without increasing the tax burden or the public debt. • CdE calls for an effiicient management of infrastructures. • CdE advocates the privatization of main infrastructures. Modernization of the Public Administration CdE defends that the Public Administration should adopt management criteria and incentive systems that are common practice in the private sector. CdE recommends a new service philosophy based on the concept of “client” and “client’s expectations”. It advocates externalization in areas which are not considered pure public services. In order to avoid overlapping, CdE calls for a clear distribution of powers, between the Nation´s goverment and the Regional and Local Administrations. Reform of the tax system Over the years CdE has proposed the modernization of the tax system, including: • Reduction of the tax burden • Tax consolidation • Replacement of direct taxation by indirect taxation • Elimination of the property tax • Simplification of the personal income tax system • Improvement of the efficiency of public expenditure • Introduction of one single and reduced corporate tax rate
  • 13. • 13CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS Efficient Labor market One of the main structural problems affecting Spain’s economy is the high level of unemployment. In order to achieve an efficient labor market CdE advocates: • Salary increases tied to increased productivity rather than to the rate of inflation • Reduction of employers’ contributions to the Social Security • Reform of employment policies • Specific measures to improve youth employment • Parity of dismissal costs of permanent contracts and temporary contracts to eliminate labor market duality • Reduction to three types of labor contracts and reinforcement of part-time employment Promote competitiveness Some of CdE proposals include: • Eliminate tax, labor and bureaucratic barriers that hinder business growth • Educate young people in the values of entrepreneurship • Promote business innovation and internationalization • Improve the economic environment • Promote reindustrialization
  • 14. • 14CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS 6.2. Programs CdE’s commitment to Spanish society goes well beyond proposing ideas and recommendations to promote economic growth and social welfare. CdE is also action-oriented and manages various collaborative programs to strengthen ties between the business sector and the rest of the Spanish society, specifically the political sector. Programs for politicians and high officials • Business and Parliament Scheme (Programa Empresas Parlamentarios) Under this program, deputies, senators and members of the European Parliament participate in a series of visits to CdE member-companies. This program has a double aim: on the one hand, it offers legislators an in-depth view of the business world; on the other, it provides business managers a view of parliamentary processes at national and European levels. • Executive Management Program for Members of Parliament (Programa Ejecutivo de Gestión para Parlamentarios). A joint project of CdE and IE Business School, it was launched in 2001 and targeted at deputies, senators and other politicians interested in obtaining training on business management. As part of the program, trainees visit CdE member-companies. • Judges Magistrates Business Program (Programa Empresas Magistrados Jueces) This program offers judges and magistrates an inside view of the business world. Simultaneously, it seeks to provide business managers with a better knowledge on the administration of justice. • Diplomatic Career Business Program (Programa Empresas Carrera Diplomática) Under this program, members of the Diplomatic carrier, participate in training programs that are promoted by CdE member-companies. • Defense Business Program (Programa Empresas Defensa) Under this program, students at the Centro Superior de Estudios de la Defensa Nacional (Center for Studies of National Defense) visit CdE member-companies. • Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness Business Program (Programa Empresas-Funcionarios del Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad) Workshops in CdE member-companies targeted to high officials of the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. • Public Leadership in Entrepreneurship and Innovation Program (Programa de Liderazgo público en emprendimiento e innovación) This joint project of CdE and Deusto Business School trains senior officials of the Administration so as to promote entrepreneurship and innovation in their departments.
  • 15. • 15CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS Educational Programs • Educational Cooperation Programs (Programas de Cooperación Educativa) CdE contributes to the training of university students at the Autonomous University of Madrid (Faculty of Business and Economics Science and Faculty of Psychology) and Comillas Pontifical University– ICADE. Students have access to traineeship programs in CdE member-companies. • Creating our Project Program (Programa Creamos nuestro proyecto) CdE participates in this program developed by Create Foundation to promote entrepreneurship values and attitudes in primary and secondary schools. • European Business Program An international training program, created in 1986, and managed by Antonio de Nebrija University, with CdE providing its support and expertise. Programs for Entrepreneurs • Business Managers Parliament Program (Programa Directivos Parlamento) This program offers business managers an in-depth view of how the Parliament works. • Spanish Seniors for Technical Cooperation (Seniors Españoles para la Cooperación Técnica, SECOT) SECOT is a non-profit organization, created by the CdE and comprised by former business managers who offer their experience and know-how to society. SECOT’s services are highly requested by small and medium-sized companies and by public and private institutions.
  • 16. • 16CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS 6.3. Meetings and forums During 2013 and the first semester of 2014, CdE organized 29 events for its members with prestigious opinion leaders and renowned politicians. Topic Guest Position Date State of Justice in Spain Eduardo Torres - Dulce Attorney General of Spain June 2014 Spanish social and economic situation Antón Costas President of the Círculo de Economía May 2014 Current economic outlook in Spain Elvira Rodríguez President of CNMV, the regulatory body of the Spanish Stock Market April 2014 Current political, economic and media affairs Miguel Ángel Noceda Economics Correspondent in the newspaper El Pais April 2014 Current political and economic affairs in Spain Felipe González Former Prime Minister March 2014 Spanish crisis and economic recovery Cristóbal Montoro Minister of Finance and Public Administration March 2014 Social networks in our society Carolyn Everson Vice-President of Global Marketing Solutions at Facebook February 2014 Telecommunications in the world and in Europe José María Álvarez-Pallete CEO of Telefónica February 2014 Current economic outlook in Spain Luis María Linde Governor of the Bank of Spain February 2014 Collaboration between Spain and France: fighting terrorism and overcoming the economic crisis Jérôme Bonnafont French Ambassador to Spain January 2014 Arcano Report 2013: “The case for Spain II, Spain 2014 = Germany 2004” Ignacio de la Torre Partner at Arcano December 2013 Media in Spain Fernando González Urbaneja Opinion leader and contributor to the journal ABC December 2013 Energy Forum Eduardo Montes President of UNESA November 2013 Presentation of the book “There is life after the crisis” José Carlos Díez Professor of Economics at the University Comillas-Icade October 2013 Public Administration Reform Jaime Pérez Renovales Undersecretary of State for the Prime Minister’s Office October 2013
  • 17. • 17CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS Topic Guest Position Date Pensions and competitiveness John Müller Deputy Director of El Mundo September 2013 Competitiveness in the Euro area. Spain and Italy Guntram Wolff Director of Bruegel September 2013 Current political, economic and media affairs José Antonio Zarzalejos Renowned journalist and contributor to the digital journal El Confidencial July 2013 Media view Mariano Guindal Journalist, writer and contributor in the newspaper La Vanguardia June 2013 Pension System: Proposals for a necessary reform Carmelo Mesa Lago Professor of Social Policy and Social Security in Latin America June 2013 Spain and the United States in the economic and financial crisis Alan D. Solomont U.S. Ambassador to Spain June 2013 Spain and the UK in the economic and financial crisis Giles Paxman British Ambassador to Spain May 2013 Financial and economic crisis Satoru Satoh Japanese Ambassador to Spain May 2013 Current political affairs and media landscape analysis Miguel Ángel Aguilar Secretary General of the European Journalists Association May 2013 Presentation of the book “We, the Markets. What they are, how they work and why they are essential “ Daniel Lacalle Columnist in the journal El Confidencial April 2013 Labor reform Engracia Hidalgo Secretary of State for Employment April 2013 Crisis and recovery of the Spanish economy Juan María Nin CEO of “la Caixa” April 2013 Econimic outlook in Spain, Europe and the US Reinhard Silberberg German Ambassador to Spain March 2013 Industry, energy and tourism in Spain José Manuel Soria Minister of Industry, Energy and Tourism January 2013
  • 18. • 18CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS 6.4. Publications During 2013 and the first semester of 2014, CdE published the following reports: Title Description Date Medium-sized Spanish companies. Annual Report (La empresa mediana española) Overview of the Spanish business sector based on Eurostat data and research by CdE. June 2014 The Barometer (El Barómetro de los Círculos) The Barometer seeks to analyze the state of our economic environment and to define the changes needed to increase competitiveness June 2014 Top 50 Spanish medium-sized companies. Selected success stories (Top 50 de la empresa mediana española Se- lección de casos de éxito) This study falls within CdE´s medium-sized Companies Project. April 2014 Survey on entrepreneurs perception (Encuesta sobre la imagen del Empresario) Survey to learn the opinion of the Spanish soci- ety about entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship. January 2014 35 years of contribution to the Spanish society (Círculo de Empresarios. 35 años de con- tribución a la sociedad española) Commemorative book on CdE´s history since its inception in 1977. January 2014 State Budget for 2014: By slowing down the reformist impulse, recovery can be delayed (PGE-2014: La pérdida de impulso reformista podría retrasar la recuperación) Critical analysis of the State Budget for 2014. October 2013 The medium-sized Spanish companies (La empresa mediana española) Research on medium-sized Spanish companies. October 2013 Economic growth from the perspective of Spanish companies (Crecimiento económico desde la perspectiva de la empresa española) Insight of Spanish privates companies on the economic outlook. February 2013 Pensions. A core reform (Pensiones. Una reforma medular) An in-depth analysis on the reform of the pension system January 2014
  • 19. • 19CÍRCULO DE EMPRESARIOS 7. Impact Throughout its four decades of history CdE has been a dynamic voice in the political debate in Spain. It has proposed ideas that, although initially considered avant- garde, ended up being implemented in the legislation by different governments. From the moment it was founded in 1977, the CdE advocated that Spain should develop a system of free market economy. Its ideas contributed to the Spanish Constitution of 1978, which recognized the market economy as the way of organizing the economic life of the country. For CdE, business freedom is a key element of a democratic society and plays an irreplaceable role in its economic, technological and social progress. CdE requests the State to simply create a framework and rules that facilitate their development. It also emphasizes the importance of regulatory quality and the existence of a rule of law guaranteed by the judiciary system. All these objectives have been achieved in different levels since the approval of the Constitution and its subsequent development through new legislation. CdE has also contributed to bringing to Spain ideas about corporate governance. Encouraged by CdE, the government created a special committee, in which CdE participated actively, to develop a Corporate Governance code. CdE has always advocated the need to privatize public companies so that business and economic criteria would prevail over political criteria. CdE has also championed the importance of privatizing infrastructure management in order to boost Spanish economic competitiveness. The privatization of public companies began in 1990 and today very few companies remain under State ownership. CdE has been discussing the importance of promoting competition in the Spanish economy: • Either by increasing the number of competitors in all sectors of economy, specially in those sectors which were public monopolies or oligopolies, such as the energy sector and telecommunications: • Or by liberalizing and deregulating policies, such as the freedom of opening times of stores and shops or home rentals. Regarding the financial sector, CdE called for the reform of savings banks, the end of the political control and the elimination of the asymmetry between commercial and savings banks that distorted competition. This reform is under way. Círculo de Empresarios has contributed to the recognition of free market economy and increasing business freedom Círculo de Empresarios has contributed to good corporate governance
  • 20. Regarding taxation, CdE has always advocated the importance of reducing the tax burden on citizens and companies. CdE has repeatedly stressed the need to restructure the taxation system because the current one discourages savings and investment and encourages fraud. CdE has also asked for the suppression of the wealth tax. All these proposals are being addressed through successive tax reforms. Another CdE major concern is the public deficit. CdE proposed the establishment of a constitutional limit on the State’s borrowing capacity. This proposal was adopted by means of a constitutional reform in August 2010. Regarding public policies, CdE has endorsed two proposals: • First, the health reform, which began in 1998 and continues to receive proposals from the Círculo aimed at applying private management practices and incentives in the provision of these services. • Secondly, the reform of the pension system. Improvements in this area have been limited. Many CdE´s recommendations for the labor market have been included in the labor market reforms that began in the mid-nineties (e.g., the proposal that salary negotiations be conducted at a company level, not on a sectorial level, was adopted in 2012). But much still needs to be done so as to achieve an efficient labor market. CdE also had an important role in defining the Entrepreneurs Act of 2013. Some of the proposals that were adopted include: • Implementation of an entrepreneurial education at all levels • Creation of a public venture capital fund for innovative start-ups • Reduction in social security contributions for those who become self-employed • Tax reduction to start-ups and self-employed people. Finally, CdE´s efforts in improving the social perception about businessmen and entrepreneurs are beginning to show results. A recent poll by the prestigious Metroscopia Institute indicates that Spanish society has increasing confidence in employers and that the majority of Spaniards would want their children to be businessmen and entrepreneurs, as opposed to the traditional preference for being an employee, preferably in the public administration. Reforms of the banking, tax and health systems, and of the labor market, were encouraged by Circulo de Empresarios