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Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171
143
ISSN: 2074-9554 (Print)
Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts
http://www.jaa.tu.edu.iq
available online at:
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony
in the international system
‫الم‬ ‫مقومات‬ ‫دور‬
‫في‬ ‫كانة‬
‫ت‬
‫ع‬
‫األميركية‬ ‫الهيمنة‬ ‫زيز‬
‫ا‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬
‫لدولي‬
‫الهرمزي‬ ‫توفيق‬ ‫نصرت‬ ‫سيف‬ .‫د‬
Dr. Saif Nasrat Tawfiq Al- Hermizi
E-mail: fara_arts@ tu.edu.iq
A r t i c l e i n f o.
Article history:
-Received
-Accepted
Keywords:
- American Hegemony
- International System
Abstract: When considering clarified about the
most important approaches that lean upon the
elements of any particular country found its image is
based on traditional military factor, it is the first
criterion for measuring the elements of the power of
states and thus their ability down to the role and
status in the international system. However, it is no
longer a military righting this traditional image,
especially with the entry of nuclear and biological
weapons, as it has become in the forefront of
deterrence strategies, which if breached in the pillar
of its rules, it will lead to a disaster cannot be
described or compared to what happened in the two
world wars. Indeed, the technological factor has
become a fundamental pillar in all elements of the
military and economic state.
‫الخالصة‬
:
‫نة‬ّ
‫معي‬ ‫دولة‬ ‫أي‬ ‫مقومات‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫تتكئ‬ ‫التي‬ ‫بات‬‫ر‬‫المقا‬ ‫أهم‬ ‫حول‬ ‫باستجالء‬ ‫النظر‬ ‫عند‬
‫قوة‬ ‫مقومات‬ ‫لقياس‬ ‫األول‬ ‫المعيار‬ ‫فهو‬ ،‫ي‬
‫العسكر‬ ‫العامل‬ ‫على‬ ‫التقليدية‬ ‫تها‬‫ر‬‫بصو‬ ‫تكز‬‫ر‬‫ت‬ ‫نجدها‬
ً‫ال‬
‫و‬‫وص‬ ‫تها‬‫ر‬‫قد‬ ‫وبالتالي‬ ‫الدول‬
‫إلى‬
‫بأ‬ ‫الهيمنة‬ ‫تنطلق‬ ‫ومنها‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫المكانة‬‫و‬ ‫الدور‬
‫ش‬
‫كالها‬
‫النووي‬ ‫السالح‬ ‫دخول‬ ‫مع‬ ‫ما‬ّ
‫السي‬ ،‫التقليدية‬ ‫ة‬
‫ر‬‫الصو‬ ‫بهذه‬ ‫ي‬
‫العسكر‬ ‫المقوم‬ ‫يعد‬ ‫لم‬ ‫أنه‬ ‫بيد‬ .‫المختلفة‬
‫الذي‬‫و‬ ،‫الردع‬ ‫اتيجيات‬
‫ر‬‫است‬ ‫مقدمة‬ ‫في‬ ‫أصبح‬ ‫إذ‬ ،‫البيولوجي‬‫و‬
‫إذا‬
‫فإنه‬ ،‫اعده‬‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫من‬ ‫ة‬
‫ز‬‫ركي‬ ‫في‬ ‫ُخل‬‫أ‬ ‫ما‬
‫سيؤدي‬
‫إلى‬
‫ا‬ ‫بين‬‫ر‬‫الح‬ ‫في‬ ‫حصل‬ ‫بما‬ ‫نتها‬‫ر‬‫مقا‬ ‫أو‬ ‫نصفها‬ ‫أن‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ارث‬‫و‬‫ك‬
‫ل‬
‫إن‬ ‫بل‬ .‫عالميتين‬
،‫الخ‬..‫االقتصادية‬‫و‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫مقومات‬ ‫كل‬ ‫في‬ ‫أساسية‬ ‫ة‬
‫ز‬‫ركي‬ ‫أصبح‬ ‫التكنولوجي‬ ‫العامل‬
Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171
144
‫في‬ ‫األمثل‬ ‫االستخدام‬ ‫على‬ ‫اليوم‬ ‫قياس‬ ‫إن‬ ‫بل‬ ،‫وعتاد‬ ‫عدة‬ ‫من‬ ‫تمتلك‬ ‫بما‬ ‫تقاس‬ ‫ال‬ ‫اليوم‬ ‫فجيش‬
.‫المرجوة‬ ‫وبالنتائج‬ ‫األهداف‬ ‫تحقيق‬
__________
____
___________
________
______
__________
_
_________
‫مقدمة‬
‫تبحث‬
‫في‬ ‫الدول‬
‫إطار‬
‫اتي‬
‫ر‬‫است‬
‫ال‬ ‫الشاملة‬ ‫جيتها‬
‫من‬ ‫مكانتها‬ ‫على‬ ‫للحفاظ‬ ‫ى‬
‫الكبر‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫سيما‬
‫الحادي‬ ‫ن‬‫القر‬ ‫في‬ ‫السيما‬ ‫عة‬
‫المتسار‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫التغيير‬ ‫امة‬‫و‬‫د‬ ‫ظل‬ ‫في‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النسق‬ ‫في‬ ‫الهيمنة‬ ‫خالل‬
‫ين‬‫ر‬‫العش‬‫و‬
،
‫ظل‬ ‫في‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫التغيير‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫مسا‬ ‫ان‬‫و‬
‫الدوليي‬ ‫اعل‬‫و‬‫الف‬ ‫بين‬ ‫ما‬ ‫اع‬
‫ر‬‫الص‬‫و‬ ‫التنافس‬
‫ن‬
‫يؤكد‬ ‫الدوليين‬ ‫وغير‬
‫إلى‬
‫على‬ ‫تها‬‫ر‬‫قد‬ ‫وبالتالي‬ ‫قوتها‬ ‫ومقومات‬ ‫لممكنات‬ ً‫ا‬‫وفق‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫افول‬‫و‬ ‫صعود‬
.‫للقوة‬ ‫الرشيد‬ ‫االستخدام‬‫و‬ ‫االمثل‬ ‫التوظيف‬
‫انتهاء‬ ‫مع‬
‫تسيدت‬ ‫دولية‬ ‫قوة‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫الساحة‬ ‫على‬ ‫برزت‬ ‫السوفيتي‬ ‫االتحاد‬ ‫بتفكك‬ ‫الباردة‬ ‫الحرب‬
‫الي‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫مثلته‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫الجديد‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬
‫األ‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫ات‬
‫ميركي‬
‫دولية‬ ‫بيئة‬ ‫في‬ ‫ة‬
‫جديدة‬
‫اطار‬ ‫تحت‬
‫القطبية‬
‫األحادية‬
‫وضعت‬ ‫هنا‬ ‫ومن‬ ،
‫األ‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬
‫ميركي‬
‫ة‬
‫جهدها‬
‫الحيوية‬ ‫اهدافها‬ ‫وصاغت‬
‫اجل‬ ‫من‬
‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬ ‫الوسائل‬ ‫تتقدمها‬ ‫وسائل‬ ‫عبر‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النسق‬ ‫في‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحفاظ‬
‫التكنولوجية‬‫و‬
‫إلى‬
‫االقتصادي‬ ‫الوسائل‬ ‫جانب‬
‫ة‬
،
‫إطار‬ ‫في‬ ‫مؤطر‬ ‫انتشار‬ ‫إعادة‬ ‫عملية‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫عمدت‬ ‫إذ‬
‫مكثف‬ ‫دولي‬
،
‫المعلومات‬ ‫ة‬
‫ر‬‫ثو‬ ‫ته‬‫ز‬‫أفر‬ ‫الذي‬‫و‬ ‫التكنولوجي‬ ‫التقدم‬ ‫يادة‬‫ز‬ ‫في‬ ‫االهتمام‬ ‫عن‬ ‫فضال‬
‫ظل‬ ‫في‬
‫الدو‬ ‫التفاعالت‬ ‫معظم‬ ‫على‬ )‫نيت‬‫ر‬‫(االنت‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫المعلومات‬ ‫شبكة‬ ‫هيمنة‬
‫المحلية‬‫و‬ ‫االقليمية‬‫و‬ ‫لية‬
.
‫غضا‬ ‫ال‬
‫و‬
‫ب‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫أن‬ ‫في‬ ‫ضة‬
‫في‬ ‫ة‬
‫ر‬‫ووف‬ ‫قوة‬ ‫من‬ ‫تملكه‬ ‫ما‬
‫إمكانيتها‬‫و‬ ‫اتها‬
‫ر‬‫قد‬
‫و‬ ‫السياسية‬‫و‬ ‫االقتصادية‬
‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬
ً‫ال‬‫فض‬
‫اإلمكانات‬ ‫عن‬
‫التكنولوجية‬
‫المعلومات‬‫و‬
‫ية‬
‫تمسك‬ ‫فإنها‬
‫بأهم‬
‫مف‬
‫اصل‬
‫التشبيه‬‫و‬ ‫التعبير‬ ‫صح‬ ‫إن‬ ‫العالمي‬ ‫الجسد‬
‫القوة‬ ‫ومثلث‬
،
‫على‬ ‫بل‬ ‫فحسب‬ ‫اآلنية‬ ‫ة‬
‫ر‬‫للفت‬ ‫ليس‬
‫ال‬ ‫المدى‬
ً‫أيضا‬ ‫المنظور‬ ‫مستقبلي‬
.
‫األ‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫مقومات‬ ‫دروب‬ ‫في‬ ‫البحث‬ ‫ان‬‫و‬
‫ميركي‬
‫األ‬ ‫الهيمنة‬ ‫عمق‬ ‫لفهم‬ ‫سبيل‬ ‫اال‬ ‫هو‬ ‫ما‬ ‫ة‬
‫ميركي‬
‫ة‬
‫الدولي‬ ‫الهرم‬ ‫قمة‬ ‫بعها‬‫ر‬‫وت‬
‫اتبية‬
‫ر‬‫الت‬ ‫في‬ ‫تليها‬ ‫التي‬ ‫ى‬
‫االخر‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫الوحدات‬ ‫عن‬ ‫شاسع‬ ‫ن‬‫بو‬ ‫في‬ ،
‫ان‬ ‫وبالتالي‬ ،‫الدولية‬
‫األ‬ ‫القوة‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫مؤش‬ ‫عن‬ ‫الحديث‬
‫ميركي‬
‫بمختل‬ ‫ة‬
‫اال‬ ‫هو‬ ‫ما‬ ‫اشكالها‬ ‫ف‬
‫ل‬
‫على‬ ‫لوقوف‬
. ‫تفصيلي‬ ‫بشكل‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫مكانتها‬ ‫مكنونات‬ ‫اهم‬
‫األهمية‬
:
‫األهمية‬ ‫بتحديد‬ ‫تبدأ‬ ‫علمية‬ ‫اسة‬
‫ر‬‫د‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ع‬
‫موضو‬ ‫أي‬ ‫أن‬ ‫المعروف‬ ‫من‬
،
‫اجب‬‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫من‬ ‫كان‬ ‫لذا‬
‫اسة‬
‫ر‬‫الد‬ ‫تلك‬ ‫أهمية‬ ‫توضيح‬ ‫علينا‬
،
‫الد‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫إن‬ ‫إذ‬
‫بها‬ ‫حظيت‬ ‫التي‬ ‫ولية‬
‫في‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬
‫الحقبة‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬‫األخي‬
،
‫ين‬‫ر‬‫المفك‬‫و‬ ‫للباحثين‬ ً‫ا‬
‫ز‬‫حاف‬ ‫كانت‬
‫لالهتمام‬
‫بها‬
،
‫أعلنت‬ ‫أن‬ ‫بعد‬
‫األحداث‬
‫في‬ ‫المستجدات‬‫و‬
. ‫عنها‬ ‫االستغناء‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫للنظام‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫دولة‬ ‫بدت‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫إن‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫الساحة‬
Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171
145
‫الفرضية‬
:
‫مف‬ ‫فرضية‬ ‫على‬ ‫اسة‬
‫ر‬‫الد‬ ‫تكز‬‫ر‬‫ت‬
‫ادها‬
‫اآلتي‬
:
"
‫ان‬
‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫لل‬ ‫قوة‬ ‫ممكنات‬ ‫هناك‬
‫المتحدة‬
‫األ‬
‫ميركي‬
‫ة‬
‫تطي‬ ‫قد‬
‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫على‬ ‫هيمنتها‬ ‫عمر‬ ‫من‬ ‫ل‬
‫ه‬
‫ر‬‫بأس‬
،
‫ضعف‬ ‫فان‬ ‫وبخالفه‬
‫اجع‬
‫ر‬‫وت‬
‫تلك‬
‫هيمنتها‬ ‫اجع‬
‫ر‬‫ت‬ ‫الى‬ ‫تؤدي‬ ‫قد‬ ‫المادية‬ ‫وغير‬ ‫المادية‬ ‫المقومات‬
"
‫إلثبات‬
‫و‬
‫تسعى‬ ‫الفرضية‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫صحة‬
‫اشكالية‬
‫لإلجابة‬ ‫اسة‬
‫ر‬‫الد‬
‫على‬
‫األسئلة‬
: ‫التالية‬
1
-
‫ما‬
‫للمكانة‬ ‫المفاهيمي‬ ‫االطار‬
‫؟‬ ‫لها‬ ‫بة‬‫ر‬‫المقا‬ ‫المفاهيم‬‫و‬
2
-
‫ما‬
‫مقومات‬ ‫ابرز‬ ‫هي‬
‫القوة‬
‫يكي‬‫ر‬‫األم‬
‫ة‬
‫المادية‬ ‫وغير‬ ‫المادية‬
‫الهيمنة‬ ‫لتحقيق‬
‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬
‫؟‬
‫الهيكلية‬
:
‫ستة‬ ‫في‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫وكان‬ ‫االكاديمي‬ ‫للبحث‬ ‫العام‬ ‫االطار‬‫و‬ ‫يتناسق‬ ‫بما‬ ‫البحث‬ ‫هيكلية‬ ‫وضه‬ ‫تم‬
‫مطالب‬
،
‫في‬ ‫جاء‬
‫ا‬
‫ل‬
‫األول‬ ‫مطلب‬
‫الثاني‬‫و‬
:
‫المفاهيمي‬ ‫االطار‬
‫وتناول‬
.‫الدولية‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫ماهية‬
‫و‬
‫المكانة‬
.‫بة‬‫ر‬‫المقا‬ ‫المفاهيم‬ ‫ببعض‬ ‫وعالقتها‬
‫اما‬
: ‫الثالث‬ ‫المطلب‬
‫تحديد‬ ‫فتم‬
‫المقو‬
‫ية‬‫ر‬‫الحضا‬‫و‬ ‫السياسية‬ ‫مات‬
‫يكي‬‫ر‬‫األم‬
‫و‬ .
‫تناول‬ ‫تم‬
‫يكية‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬ ‫المقومات‬
‫ابع‬
‫ر‬‫ال‬ ‫المطلب‬ ‫في‬ ‫مفاصلها‬ ‫بكل‬
،
‫ف‬ ‫وتناولت‬
‫ي‬
‫ا‬ ‫المطلب‬
: ‫لخامس‬
‫التكنولوجية‬ ‫المقومات‬
‫و‬
‫السادس‬ ‫المطلب‬ ‫في‬ ‫جاء‬
‫الي‬
‫و‬‫لل‬ ‫االقتصادية‬ ‫المقومات‬
‫ا‬
‫ت‬
‫يكية‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫المتحدة‬
‫للقوة‬ ‫التحتية‬ ‫البنية‬ ‫فهي‬ ‫القوة‬ ‫مركبات‬ ‫لكل‬ ‫االساسية‬ ‫الهيمنة‬ ‫ات‬
‫ز‬‫تك‬‫ر‬‫م‬ ‫كأحد‬
‫السياسية‬ ‫بالقوة‬ ‫المتمثلة‬ ‫الفوقية‬ ‫للبنية‬ ً‫ال‬
‫و‬‫وص‬ ‫التكنولوجية‬‫و‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬
.
‫المطلب‬
‫األول‬
‫الدولية‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫ماهية‬ :
:
‫تأ‬
‫تي‬
‫ةن‬ُ
‫يمك‬ ‫ك‬
‫ةن‬ُ
‫(مك‬ ‫ةل‬‫ع‬‫الف‬ ‫ةن‬‫م‬ ‫ةة‬‫غ‬‫الل‬ ‫في‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫كلمة‬
،
ً
‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫مكا‬
،
‫ةأتي‬‫ي‬‫و‬ ،‫ةاء‬‫ك‬
‫ن‬‫ك‬
‫ك‬ُ
‫م‬ : ‫ةع‬‫م‬‫الج‬‫و‬ ‫و‬
‫ةين‬‫ي‬
‫ك‬‫ك‬
‫م‬ ‫ةو‬‫ه‬‫ف‬
‫ةاع‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫االجت‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ف‬
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫ةاحب‬‫ة‬‫ص‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ب‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫يتح‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ز‬‫المن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫بدال‬
،
‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫و‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫مكا‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫جمع‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬‫و‬
‫ةأن‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ر‬‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ز‬‫المن‬
،
‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ي‬
‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫(أن‬ ً‫ال‬‫ث‬
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫مكا‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ل‬ ‫ن‬
‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫قو‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫ع‬
‫م‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ز‬‫بمن‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫يتم‬ ‫أي‬ )
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫بق‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬
‫ز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫تم‬
‫القوم‬
(
1
)
.
‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةنة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الح‬ ‫ةمعة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫العال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ز‬‫المن‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةلفنا‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ا‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ك‬ ‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ةكل‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ب‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫االجتماب‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫ةير‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫وت‬
‫ةة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ةة‬‫س‬‫المؤس‬ ‫ةرد‬‫ف‬‫ال‬ ‫ةغله‬‫ش‬‫ي‬ ‫ةذي‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةع‬‫ض‬‫الو‬ ‫ةة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫ةمن‬‫ض‬‫وتت‬ .‫ةة‬‫ي‬‫االجتماب‬ ‫ةز‬‫ك‬‫ا‬
‫ر‬‫الم‬ ‫الى‬ ‫الناس‬ ‫ينسبها‬
ُ
‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫و‬
‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةب‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ح‬
‫ي‬ ‫ةذي‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ق‬
‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫الهي‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ز‬‫تو‬ ‫ةوء‬‫ة‬‫ض‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ال‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫نت‬
‫ةس‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫ن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةلطة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ةوة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ا‬
‫ز‬‫االلت‬
‫االطار‬
‫دنيا‬ ‫ومكانة‬ ‫عليا‬ ‫مكانة‬ ‫نقول‬ ‫كان‬
(
2
)
.
‫ا‬‫ك‬
‫ن‬ْ
‫ل‬‫ك‬
‫ع‬‫ك‬
‫ج‬‫ك‬
‫و‬ ‫ي‬
‫يه‬‫ي‬
‫ف‬ ْ
‫م‬ُ
‫اك‬َّ
‫ن‬َّ
‫ك‬‫ك‬
‫م‬ ْ
‫ن‬‫ي‬
‫إ‬ ‫ا‬‫ك‬
‫يم‬‫ي‬
‫ف‬ ْ
‫م‬ُ
‫اه‬َّ
‫ن‬َّ
‫ك‬‫ك‬
‫م‬ ْ
‫د‬‫ك‬
‫ق‬‫ك‬
‫ل‬‫ك‬
‫((و‬ ‫تعالى‬ ‫قوله‬ ‫في‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫ذكر‬ ‫يم‬‫ر‬‫الك‬ ‫آن‬
‫ر‬‫الق‬ ‫في‬ ‫ورد‬ ‫وقد‬
‫ك‬
‫و‬ ‫ا‬ً
‫ع‬ْ
‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬ ‫ك‬
‫س‬ ْ
‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬ُ
‫ه‬‫ك‬
‫ل‬
))ً
‫ة‬‫ك‬
‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬
‫ئ‬ْ
‫ف‬‫ك‬‫أ‬‫ك‬
‫و‬ ‫ا‬ً
‫ةار‬‫ة‬‫ة‬ ‫ك‬
‫ص‬ْ
‫كب‬‫أ‬
(
3
)
‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫قو‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫و‬
)) ْ
‫م‬‫ي‬
‫ه‬‫ي‬
‫ت‬‫ك‬
‫ةان‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬
‫ك‬‫ك‬
‫م‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬
‫ل‬‫ك‬
‫ع‬ ْ
‫م‬ُ
‫اه‬‫ك‬
‫ن‬ْ
‫ةخ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬ ‫ك‬
‫س‬‫ك‬
‫م‬‫ك‬
‫ل‬ ُ
‫ةاء‬‫ة‬‫ة‬ ‫ك‬
‫ش‬‫ك‬
‫ن‬ ْ
‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬
‫ل‬‫ك‬
‫((و‬ ‫ةالى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ت‬
(
4
)
‫كي‬‫أ‬ :
ً‫ا‬‫أيض‬ ‫بها‬ ‫اد‬
‫ر‬‫ي‬ ‫المكانة‬‫و‬ ،‫الشيء‬ ‫من‬ ‫الرجل‬ ‫إستمكن‬ ‫بمعنى‬ ‫أي‬ ،‫الشيء‬ ‫في‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫مكنه‬ ‫ويقال‬ .‫هم‬‫ي‬
‫موضع‬
‫النفوذ‬ ‫صاحب‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الملك‬ ‫عند‬ ‫لة‬‫ز‬‫المن‬
(
5
)
.
‫الدو‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫أما‬
‫ف‬ ‫لي‬
‫إ‬
‫ا‬ ‫بنيان‬ ‫في‬ ‫السياسية‬ ‫الوحدة‬ ‫مكانة‬ ‫ن‬
‫ةد‬‫ي‬‫بع‬ ‫ةد‬‫ح‬ ‫ةى‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةدد‬‫ح‬‫ي‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫لنسق‬
‫ى‬
‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫خ‬‫األ‬ ‫ةدات‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫الو‬ ‫ةاه‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫ت‬ ‫ةلوكها‬‫ة‬‫س‬
،
‫ةدد‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ويت‬ ‫ةية‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬ ‫ةدات‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫للو‬ ‫يجي‬‫ر‬‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةب‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ت‬‫ر‬‫بالت‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫يت‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫فالن‬
‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةدول‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫تنق‬ ‫ةاها‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫بمقت‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫المؤ‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫لمجمو‬ ً‫ا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫طب‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةذا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫دو‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬ ‫ةب‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ت‬‫ر‬‫ت‬
‫ةدا‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫وو‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫عل‬ ‫ةدات‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫و‬
‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫دن‬ ‫ت‬
،
‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ت‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫المؤ‬ ‫أن‬ ‫نا‬‫ر‬‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ت‬ ‫ةإذا‬‫ة‬‫ف‬
‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫مكا‬ ‫دد‬
Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171
146
‫ةدخل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةتوى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫وم‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫الح‬ ‫ةالة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫األ‬‫و‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫التعلي‬ ‫ةتوى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الم‬‫و‬ ‫ةنيع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫الت‬ ‫ةتوى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫وم‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الع‬ ‫ةوة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ :‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬
‫ةع‬‫ت‬‫تتم‬ ‫ان‬‫و‬ ‫ة‬
‫ر‬‫ةذكو‬‫م‬‫ال‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫للمؤ‬ ‫ةبة‬‫س‬‫بالن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ي‬‫عال‬ ‫بمكانة‬ ‫معينة‬ ‫وحدة‬ ‫تتمتع‬ ‫أن‬ ‫المتصور‬ ‫من‬ ‫فأنه‬ ‫الفردي‬
‫دولية‬ ‫وحدة‬
‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫المؤش‬ ‫لتلك‬ ‫بالنسبة‬ ‫دنيا‬ ‫بمكانة‬ ‫ى‬
‫اخر‬
.
‫الهيبة‬‫و‬ ‫ةالقوة‬‫ب‬ ‫ن‬‫ةر‬‫ت‬‫وتق‬ ‫تبو‬‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ت‬ ‫ةة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫إن‬ ً‫ا‬‫أيض‬ ‫يالحظ‬ ‫وكما‬
،
‫ةالل‬‫خ‬ ‫ةن‬‫م‬ ‫ةج‬‫ض‬‫تن‬ ‫ةوة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ةيما‬‫س‬‫ال‬
‫ةوة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫ةى‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ً‫ال‬
‫و‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ي‬‫التكنولوج‬ ‫القوة‬‫و‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬ ‫القوة‬‫و‬ ‫االقتصادية‬ ‫بالقوة‬ ‫المتمثلة‬ ‫للقوة‬ ‫التحتية‬ ‫البنية‬ ‫قوة‬
‫السياسي‬ ‫النفوذ‬‫و‬
،
‫ا‬ ‫أن‬ ‫وبما‬
‫قيمة‬ ‫لقوة‬
ً‫ا‬‫تقييم‬ ‫ي‬
‫تجر‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫فأن‬ ‫نسبية‬
‫ةه‬‫ت‬‫ن‬‫ر‬‫بمقا‬ ‫ةة‬‫ي‬‫الذات‬ ‫قوتها‬ ‫وضع‬ ‫على‬
‫ةق‬‫ي‬‫وتحق‬ ‫ى‬
‫ةر‬‫خ‬‫األ‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫السياسة‬ ‫أهداف‬ ‫لتوسيع‬ ‫القوة‬ ‫وتستخدم‬ ‫ى‬
‫األخر‬ ‫الحكومات‬ ‫في‬ ‫الوضع‬ ‫مع‬
‫ةادية‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫االقت‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الكفا‬
،
‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ت‬‫ر‬‫وت‬ ‫ةدول‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ل‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫المجت‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫يمن‬ ‫ةذي‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ام‬
‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫االح‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫بالهي‬ ‫اد‬
‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫بين‬
‫على‬
‫السمعة‬ ‫على‬ ‫أو‬ ‫المنافسة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫للقوة‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫تصو‬
‫الدولية‬ ‫االتفاقات‬ ‫ام‬
‫ر‬‫احت‬ ‫في‬
.
(
6
)
‫المك‬ ‫تحقيق‬ ‫إن‬ ‫اقع‬‫و‬‫ال‬‫و‬
‫الدولة‬ ‫امتالك‬ ‫يتطلب‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫انة‬
ً‫ال‬
‫و‬‫وص‬ ‫المقومات‬‫و‬ ‫الممكنات‬‫و‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫للم‬
‫االدنى‬‫و‬ ‫االهداف‬ ‫من‬ ‫الحيوي‬ ‫تحدد‬ ‫شاملة‬ ‫اتيجية‬
‫ر‬‫است‬ ‫بناء‬ ‫من‬ ‫تمكنها‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الذاتية‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫القد‬ ‫الى‬
‫االعتم‬‫و‬
‫المرحلة‬‫و‬ ‫افق‬‫و‬‫تت‬ ‫وتكنيكات‬ ‫تكتيكات‬ ‫على‬ ‫اد‬
‫جانب‬ ‫الى‬ ‫للدولة‬ ‫الزمانية‬‫و‬ ‫المكانية‬ ‫الظروف‬‫و‬
‫الدولية‬ ‫القضايا‬ ‫معظم‬ ‫تجاه‬ ‫نشيطة‬ ‫جية‬
‫خار‬ ‫سياسة‬ ‫إتباع‬
،
‫االقتصادية‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫الم‬‫و‬ ‫السكان‬‫و‬ ‫كالمساحة‬
‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬‫و‬
(
7
)
) ‫المكانة‬ ‫(سياسة‬ ‫تسمى‬ ‫خاصة‬ ‫سياسة‬ ‫إتباع‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫تسعى‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫فأن‬ ‫وعليه‬ .
،
‫الدولية‬ ‫مكانتها‬ ‫يز‬‫ز‬‫لتع‬ ‫وذلك‬
،
‫ال‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫وفي‬
‫األ‬ ‫اقعية‬‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫مفكر‬ ‫يقول‬ ‫صدد‬
‫ميركي‬
‫إن‬ "‫مورجنثاو‬ ‫هانز‬ "
‫التي‬ ‫بالقوة‬ ‫ى‬
‫األخر‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫على‬ ‫التأثير‬ ‫هو‬ ,‫المكانة‬ ‫سياسات‬ ‫تطبيق‬ ‫من‬ ‫الهدف‬
‫ة‬
‫ر‬‫بصو‬ ‫تمتلكها‬
" ‫تمتلكها‬ ‫انها‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬‫يعتقد‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ين‬‫ر‬‫األخ‬ ‫من‬ ‫يد‬‫ر‬‫ت‬ ‫أو‬ ‫تعتقد‬ ‫التي‬ ‫بالقوة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫فعلية‬
(
8
)
.
‫لذا‬
‫نالح‬
‫ار‬‫و‬‫للم‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫امتالك‬ ‫تكفي‬ ‫ال‬ ‫بأنه‬ ‫ظ‬
‫صفة‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫تضفي‬ ‫لكي‬ ‫الجيوبولتيكي‬ ‫ن‬‫الوز‬‫و‬ ‫د‬
‫من‬ ‫لها‬ ‫لما‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫تلك‬ ‫از‬
‫ر‬‫إلب‬ ‫المكانية‬ ‫الخصائص‬‫و‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫الم‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫توظيف‬ ‫من‬ ‫البد‬ ‫بل‬ ,‫المكانة‬
‫وهذ‬ .‫الخارجية‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫عالقات‬ ‫مجمل‬ ‫على‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫تأثي‬
‫ا‬
‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫مكانة‬ ‫في‬ ‫اليوم‬ ‫تلمسه‬ ‫ما‬
‫األ‬
‫إمكاني‬ ‫من‬ ‫لها‬ ‫لما‬ ً‫دوليا‬ ‫يكية‬‫ر‬‫م‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬‫وقد‬ ‫ة‬
‫موظفة‬ ‫ت‬
‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬‫و‬ ‫السياسية‬ ‫المجاالت‬ ‫وبجميع‬
. ‫الخ‬ ... ‫التكنولوجية‬‫و‬ ‫االقتصادية‬‫و‬
: ‫بة‬‫ر‬‫المقا‬ ‫المفاهيم‬ ‫ببعض‬ ‫وعالقتها‬ ‫المكانة‬ : ‫الثاني‬ ‫المطلب‬
‫الدور‬ ‫مفهوم‬ : ً‫ال‬‫و‬‫أ‬
:
‫معينة‬ ‫بيئة‬ ‫في‬ ‫الحركة‬ ‫انه‬ ‫على‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫فهم‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫لغويا‬
‫معين‬ ‫محيو‬ ‫في‬ ‫او‬
،
‫يعرف‬ ‫اذ‬
‫(ويبستر‬ ‫قاموس‬
. ‫محدد‬ ‫موقف‬ ‫في‬ ‫الشخص‬ ‫يؤدي‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫ء‬
‫الجز‬ ‫بأنه‬ ً‫لغويا‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫مصطلح‬ )
‫الفرد‬ ‫نحو‬ ‫تتوجه‬ ‫اجتمابية‬ ‫اعد‬‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫نظام‬ ‫بأنه‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫يف‬‫ر‬‫تع‬ ‫فيمكن‬ ‫االجتمابية‬ ‫الناحية‬ ‫من‬ ‫أما‬
‫م‬ ‫اد‬
‫ر‬‫االف‬ ‫من‬ ‫لطائفة‬ ً‫ممثال‬ ‫أو‬ ‫جماعة‬ ‫في‬ ً‫ا‬‫و‬‫عض‬ ‫بصفته‬ ‫ولذاته‬ ‫وحده‬
ً‫ا‬‫سيكولوجي‬ ‫ين‬‫ز‬‫تمي‬
(
9
)
‫انه‬ ‫ى‬
‫ير‬ ‫من‬ ‫وهنالك‬
. ‫االجتماعي‬ ‫المركز‬ ‫العب‬ ‫أو‬ ‫شاغل‬ ‫من‬ ‫المتوقع‬ ‫السلوك‬
(
10
)
Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171
147
‫الدولية‬ ‫الوحدة‬ ‫به‬ ‫تقوم‬ ‫ما‬ ‫محصلة‬ ‫انه‬ ‫على‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫فهم‬ ‫فيمكن‬ ‫الخارجي‬ ‫المستوى‬ ‫على‬ ‫أما‬
‫الخارجية‬ ‫السياسة‬ ‫في‬ ‫أهدافها‬ ‫تحقيق‬ ‫بقصد‬ ‫الخارجي‬ ‫نشاطها‬ ‫ممارسة‬ ‫في‬ ‫وسلوكيات‬ ‫أفعال‬ ‫من‬
،
‫القر‬ ‫صانع‬ ‫اه‬
‫ر‬‫ي‬ ‫عما‬ ‫يعبر‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫فان‬ ‫وبهذا‬
‫بها‬ ‫تقوم‬ ‫أن‬ ‫يجب‬ ‫التي‬ ‫وللوظائف‬ ‫للوحدة‬ ‫مناسب‬ ‫بانه‬ ‫ار‬
‫من‬ ‫ها‬
‫وغير‬ ‫أفعال‬‫و‬ ‫امات‬
‫ز‬‫الت‬‫و‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫ا‬
‫ر‬‫ق‬ ‫يق‬‫ر‬‫ط‬ ‫عن‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫المجال‬ ‫في‬
‫السلوكيات‬‫و‬ ‫فات‬‫ر‬‫التص‬
‫المختلفة‬
(
11
)
‫هو‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫خاللها‬ ‫من‬ ‫ن‬‫يتكو‬ ‫التي‬ ‫العناصر‬ ‫أهم‬ ‫إن‬ ‫نجد‬ ‫يف‬‫ر‬‫التع‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫خالل‬ ‫ومن‬
‫الهدف‬
‫سي‬ ‫في‬ ‫تحقيقه‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫تسعى‬ ‫الذي‬
‫بأنه‬ ‫الحالة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫في‬ ‫الهدف‬ ‫يعرف‬ ‫حيث‬ ‫الخارجية‬ ‫استها‬
. ‫الدولية‬ ‫البيئة‬ ‫في‬ ‫تحقيقها‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫الوحدة‬ ‫تسعى‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الغايات‬
‫يمكن‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫أهمية‬ ‫مدى‬ ‫في‬ ‫األثر‬ ‫عظيم‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫تمتلكها‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الشاملة‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫للم‬ ‫فأن‬ ‫كذلك‬
‫أن‬
‫عل‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫تلعبه‬
‫الخارج‬ ‫الصعيد‬ ‫ى‬
‫ي‬
‫معين‬ ً‫ا‬
‫ر‬‫دو‬ ‫دولة‬ ‫فلكل‬ .
‫يتناسب‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النسق‬ ‫في‬ ً‫ا‬
‫النسق‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫في‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫ومكانة‬
،
‫التي‬ ‫المجتمعية‬‫و‬ ‫المادية‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫المتغي‬ ‫من‬ ‫مجموعة‬ ‫هناك‬ ‫أن‬ ‫كما‬
‫المساحة‬‫و‬ ‫بالموقع‬ ‫متمثلة‬ ‫افية‬
‫ر‬‫الجغ‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫المتغي‬ ‫منها‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫به‬ ‫تقوم‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫في‬ ‫تؤثر‬ ‫أن‬ ‫يمكن‬
‫ا‬ ‫العمق‬ ‫اجد‬‫و‬‫وت‬
‫اتيجي‬
‫ر‬‫الست‬
،
‫المتغي‬‫و‬ ‫االقتصادية‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫الم‬‫و‬
‫ثقافية‬ ‫قيم‬ ‫من‬ ‫تمثله‬ ‫بما‬ ‫المجتمعية‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬
‫الدولة‬ ‫دور‬ ‫في‬ ‫تؤثر‬ ‫قد‬ ‫وبالتالي‬ ‫العام‬ ‫أي‬
‫ر‬‫ال‬ ‫تكوين‬ ‫في‬ ‫تؤثر‬ ‫يخية‬‫ر‬‫تا‬ ‫وتجارب‬ ‫اجتمابية‬ ‫وتقاليد‬
،
‫بها‬ ‫تتمتع‬ ‫التي‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫من‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫ينطلق‬ ‫لذا‬ . ‫المرسوم‬ ‫أو‬ ‫له‬ ‫المخطو‬ ‫االتجاه‬ ‫في‬ ‫ها‬
‫دور‬ ‫ثم‬ ‫ومن‬
‫الدولة‬
،
. ‫لها‬ ‫النتيجة‬ ‫هو‬ ‫أي‬
‫ا‬ : ً‫ثانيا‬
: ‫لوظيفة‬
‫يقدر‬ ‫ما‬ ‫أو‬ ‫يومي‬ ‫عمل‬ ‫من‬ ‫االنسان‬ ‫به‬ ‫يقوم‬ ‫ما‬ ‫يعني‬ ‫بية‬‫ر‬‫الع‬ ‫اللغة‬ ‫في‬ ‫الوظيفة‬ ‫مصطلح‬ ‫إن‬
‫طعام‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ق‬‫رز‬ ‫من‬ ‫يوم‬ ‫كل‬ ‫في‬ ‫لإلنسان‬
،
‫اتب‬
‫ر‬ ‫مقابل‬ ‫العمل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫المنصب‬ ‫أي‬ ‫وظائف‬ ‫وجمعها‬
(
12
)
,
‫بالشيء‬ ‫ام‬
‫ز‬‫االلت‬ ‫وتعني‬ ‫وظف‬ ً‫أيضا‬ ‫يقال‬ ‫وقد‬
‫ووظف‬ ‫نفسه‬ ‫على‬ ‫الشيء‬ ‫وظف‬ ً‫مثال‬ ‫فيقال‬
‫ت‬
‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫إياه‬ ‫الزمها‬ ‫بمعنى‬ ‫أي‬ ً‫وظيفا‬
‫ن‬
‫ام‬
‫ز‬‫االلت‬ ‫هما‬ ‫اللغة‬ ‫في‬ ‫معنيين‬ ‫المصطلح‬ ‫لهذا‬ ‫أن‬ ‫نجد‬ ‫هنا‬
‫التقدير‬‫و‬
(
13
)
.
‫وذلك‬ ً‫أيضا‬ ‫السياسي‬ ‫االجتماع‬ ‫علم‬ ‫اوية‬
‫ز‬ ‫من‬ ‫الوظيفة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬‫فنظر‬ ‫الجيوبولتكس‬ ‫علماء‬ ‫أما‬
‫الحي‬ ‫بالكائن‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫مفهوم‬ ‫بطهم‬‫ر‬‫ل‬
‫يقر‬ ‫حيث‬ ,‫به‬ ‫مناطة‬ ‫معينة‬ ‫وظيفة‬ ‫يؤدي‬ ‫الذي‬
‫عالم‬ ‫ن‬
( "‫اتزل‬
‫ر‬ ‫يك‬‫ر‬‫"فرد‬ ‫االلماني‬ ‫الجيوبولتكس‬
1844
-
1904
ً‫وثيقا‬ ً‫بطا‬‫ر‬ ‫الحي‬ ‫الكائن‬‫و‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫بين‬ )
‫بالكائ‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫شبه‬ ‫فقد‬
‫لها‬ ‫أن‬‫و‬ ‫الحي‬ ‫ن‬
‫مماثلة‬ ‫وظيفة‬
‫قعتها‬‫ر‬ ‫وتوسيع‬ ‫النمو‬ ‫حيث‬ ‫من‬ ‫له‬
،
‫كذلك‬
( "‫"كيلن‬ ‫السويدي‬ ‫للباحث‬ ‫بالنسبة‬ ‫الحال‬
1864
-
1922
‫الحي‬ ‫بالكائن‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫وصف‬ ‫الذي‬ )
‫الذي‬
‫يؤديها‬ ‫وظائف‬ ‫عدة‬ ‫له‬
،
‫جسمها‬ ‫بمثابة‬ ‫هي‬ ‫كيلن‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫بالنسبة‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫فأرض‬
،
‫المركز‬‫و‬ ‫العاصمة‬‫و‬
‫ئتاها‬‫ر‬‫و‬ ‫قلبها‬ ‫هما‬ ‫ي‬
‫اإلدار‬
،
,‫ايين‬
‫ر‬‫الش‬‫و‬ ‫األوردة‬ ‫بمثابة‬ ‫فهما‬ ‫الحديدية‬ ‫السكك‬‫و‬ ‫ق‬‫الطر‬‫و‬ ‫األنهر‬ ‫أما‬
‫وظائفها‬ ‫تؤدي‬ ‫الجسم‬ ‫لهذا‬ ‫اف‬
‫ر‬‫أط‬ ‫كلها‬
‫متناس‬ ً‫كال‬ ‫النهاية‬ ‫في‬ ‫يصبح‬ ‫شكل‬ ‫في‬
ً‫ا‬‫ق‬
(
14
)
.
Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171
148
‫مصالح‬ ‫مصالح‬ ‫لخدمة‬ ‫معينة‬ ‫دولة‬ ‫مكانة‬ ‫توظيف‬ ‫فيمكن‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫العالقات‬ ‫مجال‬ ‫في‬ ‫أما‬
‫األولى‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫موقع‬ ‫من‬ ً‫انطالقا‬ ‫ى‬
‫أخر‬ ‫دولة‬
،
‫وظفت‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫إن‬ ‫المثال‬ ‫سبيل‬ ‫فعلى‬
‫مصالحها‬ ‫خدمة‬ ‫في‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫من‬ ‫العديد‬
،
‫يق‬‫ر‬‫ط‬ ‫عن‬ ‫أما‬ ‫وذلك‬
‫ا‬ ‫اللوجستي‬ ‫الدعم‬
‫هذه‬ ‫تقدمه‬ ‫لذي‬
‫لل‬ ‫الدول‬
‫شكل‬ ‫في‬ ‫أرضيها‬ ‫على‬ ‫الفعلي‬ ‫يكي‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫ي‬
‫العسكر‬ ‫اجد‬‫و‬‫الت‬ ‫يق‬‫ر‬‫ط‬ ‫عن‬ ‫أو‬ ,‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬
‫الوسطى‬ ‫آسيا‬ ‫ودول‬ ‫وتركيا‬ ‫بي‬‫ر‬‫الع‬ ‫الخليج‬ ‫دول‬ ‫منها‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫على‬ ‫عديدة‬ ‫األمثلة‬‫و‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫عسك‬ ‫اعد‬‫و‬‫ق‬
. ً‫مستقبال‬ ‫اق‬
‫ر‬‫الع‬ ‫بما‬‫ر‬‫و‬ ‫بية‬‫ر‬‫األو‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫وبعض‬ ‫اليابان‬‫و‬
‫ثا‬
‫لث‬
ً‫ا‬
: ‫المركز‬ :
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫كل‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫تع‬ ً‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫لغو‬
‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫الع‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫اإلقا‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫م‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫الم‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ة‬
‫ر‬‫ةدائ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫و‬ ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫مر‬
،
‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫وجمع‬
‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ا‬
‫ر‬‫م‬
،
‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫المر‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةوب‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫المن‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫المو‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ف‬ ‫ي‬
‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫المر‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫أ‬
،
‫ةنص‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬ ‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ظ‬‫ن‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ز‬‫المرك‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫أ‬
‫فئة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫يد‬ ‫في‬ ‫ما‬ ‫لبلد‬ ‫العامة‬ ‫ة‬
‫ر‬‫اإلدا‬ ‫حصر‬ ‫على‬
(
15
)
.
‫ةنال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫العال‬ ‫ةعيد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫أ‬
‫هي‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫تأك‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةعى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ت‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫دو‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬ ‫ةأن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬ ‫حظ‬
‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫بت‬
‫و‬
‫الدولي‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬
‫ومركز‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ام‬
‫ر‬‫احت‬
،
‫ةأثير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫لل‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫الجذ‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫التغي‬ ‫ةض‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ب‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةدول‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةأ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫تل‬ ‫ةذا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬
‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬
‫دور‬ ‫ةالي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫وبال‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬
‫مركز‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةزز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ي‬ ‫ةذي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةاه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫وباالت‬ ‫ةتقبلية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الم‬ ‫ةاعها‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫أو‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬
‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫و‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫إلي‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ةعى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ت‬ ) ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ز‬‫(مرك‬ ً‫ةدافا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫أ‬ ‫ةاك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫ه‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ك‬ ,‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ط‬‫تب‬‫ر‬‫الم‬ ‫ةداف‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫األ‬ ‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ت‬ ‫ي‬
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ةان‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫بك‬
،
‫ا‬‫و‬
‫ةاليف‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫الت‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫كا‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫مه‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫دائ‬ ‫ةفة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ب‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫اعات‬
‫ر‬‫م‬ ‫ةب‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫ل‬
،
‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫عن‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫يع‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬‫و‬
" ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الخارج‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬ ‫ةادة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫بم‬ " ً‫ةادة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬
،
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫للدو‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫اإلقليم‬ ‫ةالمة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫حما‬ ‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ذ‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫أمث‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫و‬
،
‫أو‬
‫ةادها‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫القت‬ ‫ةية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫أسا‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ب‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫طبيع‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ة‬
‫ر‬‫ةيط‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬ ‫ةمان‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬
،
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫حما‬ ‫أو‬
‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫أ‬
‫حليف‬
‫أساسي‬
(
16
)
.
‫الدو‬ ‫ةعي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫ال‬‫و‬
‫أو‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫اإلقليم‬ ‫ةادة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫للق‬ ‫ةعيها‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫المتم‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫المر‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫خارج‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫سيا‬ ‫ةاع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫إت‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫تمكن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةائص‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫الخ‬‫و‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ال‬ ‫ةتالك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ا‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫من‬ ‫ةب‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫يتط‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةايا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫الق‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ظ‬‫مع‬ ‫ةاه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫ت‬ ‫ةيطة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ن‬
،
‫ةاحة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫كالم‬
،
‫ةكان‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬‫و‬
،
‫ةادية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫االقت‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ال‬‫و‬
‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الع‬‫و‬
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫التكنولوج‬‫و‬ ‫ة‬
(
17
)
‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫مر‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ال‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ك‬
‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ال‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ةغله‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ت‬ ‫ةذي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ةب‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ط‬‫الق‬
‫اليوم‬ ‫المتحدة‬
،
.‫يب‬‫ر‬‫الق‬ ‫المستقبلي‬ ‫المستوى‬ ‫على‬ ‫الصين‬ ‫بما‬‫ر‬ ‫أو‬
: ‫النفوذ‬ : ً‫ابعا‬
‫ر‬
‫ةلطة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ةأثير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫تع‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫ن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫كل‬ ‫ةأن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ً‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫لغو‬
،
‫أي‬ ‫ةاكم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ال‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫ع‬ ‫ةذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫متن‬ ‫ةالن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫وي‬
‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫عل‬ ‫ةأثير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫لد‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫بمع‬
‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫أ‬
‫ر‬‫ب‬ ‫ةذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫خ‬‫يؤ‬ ‫أو‬
(
18
)
‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫العال‬ ‫ةعيد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫أ‬
‫ةث‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ح‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬
‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫وحد‬ ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫لمر‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الخارج‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬ ‫ةانع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬ ‫ةور‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ت‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬ ‫ةرف‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ين‬
‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬
،
‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫بن‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫في‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةدة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫الو‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫تتم‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ئي‬‫ر‬‫ال‬ ‫ةاالت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫للم‬ ‫ه‬
‫ر‬‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ت‬ ‫ةذلك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ويق‬
،
Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171
149
‫ةانع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬ ‫ةور‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫يت‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ف‬ .‫ةدة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫الو‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ب‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫تتم‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫ودر‬
‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫الم‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الخارج‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬
‫ةدور‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ئي‬‫ر‬‫ال‬
‫ةالمي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬ ‫ةتوى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الم‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫اإلقلي‬ ‫ةتوى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الم‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ه‬
،
ً‫ا‬
‫ر‬‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ت‬ ‫ةدم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ي‬ ‫ةتوى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫م‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫و‬
‫المتوقعة‬ ‫النفوذ‬ ‫لدرجة‬
(
19
)
.
‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫خ‬‫تت‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫كا‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬ ‫ةكال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫أ‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫وه‬ ‫ألول‬
‫و‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬ ‫ةح‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫سيت‬ ‫يخ‬‫ر‬‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ن‬‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ط‬‫ب‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫غ‬‫المتغل‬ ‫إن‬
‫ةتخدامها‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ةوة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ط‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ةابق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬
،
‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫اال‬ ‫ةدول‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫فا‬
ً‫ةابقا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫عما‬
‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ل‬ ‫ةث‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫تب‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫كا‬
‫ن‬ ‫ةاطق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫م‬
‫أم‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يق‬‫ر‬‫أف‬ ‫أم‬ ‫ةيا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫آ‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫أكا‬ ‫اء‬‫و‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫احتلت‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫ةتعم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫بالم‬ ‫ةدة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫متج‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الالتين‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫أم‬
،
‫ةوة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ط‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ةتم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬ ‫ةان‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬ ‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ذ‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ف‬
،
‫ال‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ممار‬ ‫ةأن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةوم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ال‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫أ‬
‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ب‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫التهد‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ةوة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ط‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫اه‬
‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫إ‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫لممار‬ ‫ة‬
‫ر‬‫ةرو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫بال‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫تح‬
،
‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةبح‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫أ‬‫و‬
‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الكث‬
" ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫أ‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫يط‬ ‫ةان‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫األح‬
‫ةأثير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ن‬‫ةدو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ي‬ ‫ةؤلفين‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ال‬ ‫ةض‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ب‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ " ‫ةأثير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬
‫ةخص‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةأثير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫لل‬ ‫ةدية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ق‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ممار‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ح‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫عموم‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ث‬‫أك‬ ً‫ةطلحا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫م‬
‫معين‬
(
20
)
.
‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫تتم‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫كا‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫بأ‬ ‫ةول‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫فيمكن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫بالمكا‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫عال‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫أ‬
‫اتيجية‬
‫ر‬‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫إ‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫بمكا‬
‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫ن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ممار‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ث‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫يؤهل‬ ‫ةذا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةأن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬
‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫في‬ ‫ةدة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫المت‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫المنط‬ ‫ي‬
‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ال‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ك‬ ً‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫عالم‬ ‫أو‬ ً‫ةثال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫ر‬‫الع‬ ‫ةيج‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الخ‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ان‬
‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫إ‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫كن‬ ً‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫إقليم‬ ‫ةان‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫أ‬ ‫اء‬‫و‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬
. ‫يكية‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ج‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫ةين‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫وثي‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫عال‬ ‫ةاك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫ه‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةدم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةص‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫خ‬‫نل‬
،
‫ةطلحات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫الم‬‫و‬
‫ا‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫ى‬
‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫خ‬‫األ‬
‫ةدور‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ( ‫ةلة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ل‬
،
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الوظي‬
،
‫المر‬
‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬
،
‫ى‬
‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫خ‬‫أ‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ج‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ) ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬
،
‫ةادل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫مت‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ث‬‫أ‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫تفاعل‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫عال‬ ‫ةمن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬ ‫ن‬‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ت‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫بين‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫العال‬ ‫ةداخل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ت‬ ً‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫احيا‬‫و‬
،
‫ةير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ي‬ ‫ةدور‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةأن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫وموقع‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫مكا‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ت‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫كا‬ ‫ةإذا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬
‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ت‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ةادر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ال‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫الفا‬ ‫ةلوك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬
‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةذا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬
،
‫اك‬
‫ر‬‫إد‬ ‫ةمن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫يت‬ ‫ةذي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫و‬
‫ةناع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬
‫ةطة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫األن‬‫و‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫ا‬
‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫تحد‬ ‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ذ‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ب‬ ‫ةتم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ل‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ظ‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةداهم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ب‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫لم‬ ‫ار‬
‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬
‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ب‬ ‫ةوم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫غ‬‫ينب‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ار‬‫و‬‫ةلد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫و‬ ‫ةدانهم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫لب‬ ‫ةبة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫المنا‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫األع‬‫و‬ ‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫األح‬‫و‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ا‬
‫ز‬‫االلت‬‫و‬
‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ثاب‬ ‫ةس‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫أ‬
‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫اإلقلي‬ ‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ظ‬‫الن‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ظ‬
،
‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ث‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫و‬
‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫فكل‬
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫امتل‬
‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الماد‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫المقو‬
‫ةية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬‫و‬ ‫ةادية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫االقت‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الع‬ ‫ةالقوة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫المتمث‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫المعنو‬
‫ةوف‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫ةذه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةأن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ث‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫و‬ ‫ةدول‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫بق‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬
‫ز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫متم‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫مكا‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫امتل‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫كل‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الجيوبوليتك‬‫و‬
. ‫بعد‬ ‫لتصل‬ ‫بها‬ ‫تتمتع‬ ‫التي‬ ‫المكانة‬‫و‬ ‫يتناسب‬ ‫بدور‬ ‫للقيام‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫توظفها‬
‫المرك‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫ذلك‬
‫الذي‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫ز‬
‫و‬ ‫وبمكانتها‬ ‫اتها‬
‫ر‬‫بقد‬ ‫يليق‬
‫تم‬ ‫بالتالي‬
ً‫ا‬‫عالمي‬ ‫أو‬ ً‫إقليميا‬ ‫نفوذها‬ ‫ارس‬
.
. ‫اليوم‬ ‫عالم‬ ‫في‬ ‫يكية‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫على‬ ‫ينطبق‬ ‫ما‬ ‫وهذا‬
‫األمريكية‬ ‫الحضارية‬‫و‬ ‫السياسية‬ ‫المقومات‬ : ‫الثالث‬ ‫المطلب‬
Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171
150
‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬
‫ر‬‫ةيط‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬ ‫ةار‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫االخت‬ ( ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫كتا‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ " ‫ةكي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫يجين‬‫ر‬‫"ب‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫يؤ‬
) ‫ةالم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬ ‫ةادة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ق‬ ‫أم‬ ‫ةالم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬
‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬" : ً‫ةائال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬
‫ين‬‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫الع‬‫و‬ ‫ةادي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ال‬ ‫ن‬‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫بدا‬
،
‫ةداها‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةث‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ح‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫أم‬ ‫ةوة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ل‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫مث‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫ا‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫ن‬
‫ةالمي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬ ‫ةعيد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ال‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ي‬
‫ةكر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الع‬
،
‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةبة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫بالن‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ألم‬ ‫ةادي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫االقت‬ ‫ةاا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫الن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ومحو‬
‫ةالمي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬ ‫ةاد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫االقت‬ ‫ةحة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬
،
‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يك‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫التكنولوج‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫للدينام‬ ‫ةداعي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫اإل‬ ‫ةأثير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬‫و‬
‫ةث‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ح‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬
‫ةض‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫الم‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫للثقا‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫العالم‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الجاذب‬
‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫األو‬ ‫ةددة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫المت‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يك‬‫ر‬‫أم‬
،
‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫العنا‬ ‫ةذه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةرت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫و‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫و‬
ُ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫نظ‬ ‫ال‬ ً‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫عالم‬ ً‫ةيا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫سيا‬ ً‫ةوذا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫ن‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ألم‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫كل‬
،
‫ال‬‫و‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫األ‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫كا‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫أم‬ ‫ةبحت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫أ‬‫و‬
‫العالمي‬ ‫اإليقاع‬ ‫ضابو‬
‫المنظور‬ ‫المدى‬ ‫على‬ ‫لها‬ ‫منافس‬ ‫وما‬
"
(
21
)
.
‫ةوم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يك‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬ ‫إن‬
‫ا‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫مكانت‬ ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ز‬‫وتع‬ ‫ةالح‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫الم‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬
‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ب‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫لعالم‬
‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ل‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫يح‬ ‫ا‬
‫ةدول‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةاقي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫متفو‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةرم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫عم‬
‫وتز‬ ‫ةالم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬ ‫ةادة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ق‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةادة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ال‬
،
‫ةالفكر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬
,‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ئ‬‫القا‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫أم‬ ‫ان‬‫و‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫سيا‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ئ‬‫قا‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ةث‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫يب‬ ‫ةالم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ى‬
‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫اتيجي‬
‫ر‬‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫اال‬
‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ك‬ ‫ةالم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يك‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫ةدة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫المت‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ال‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ةيطرت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ف‬
‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ . ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ار‬
‫ر‬‫ةتق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫اال‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫يع‬ ‫ى‬
‫ر‬
‫إن‬ ‫ةح‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫ال‬
‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ظ‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫اتيجي‬
‫ر‬‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫اال‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫مكان‬ ‫ةاء‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫لب‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫طوي‬ ً‫اطا‬‫و‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫أ‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫قط‬ ‫ةدة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫المت‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ال‬
‫و‬‫ال‬
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫الحا‬‫و‬ ‫ةب‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫يتنا‬ ‫ةين‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ب‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يخ‬‫ر‬‫تا‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫حق‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ل‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫جاع‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬
،
‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةين‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫وك‬
: ‫أدناه‬ ‫المخطو‬
‫مقومات‬
‫م‬
‫الواليات‬ ‫كانة‬
‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫المتحدة‬
‫الدولي‬
‫النظام‬ ‫على‬ ‫الهيمنة‬
‫الدولي‬
‫المقومات‬
‫العسكرية‬
‫المقومات‬
‫التكنولوجية‬
‫المقومات‬
‫االقتصادية‬
‫المقو‬
‫مات‬
‫السياسية‬
‫المقومات‬
‫الحضارية‬
( ‫مخطط‬
1
)
‫القوة‬ ‫لمقومات‬ ‫الباحث‬ ‫اعداد‬ ‫من‬ ‫اضي‬
‫ر‬‫افت‬ ‫مخطو‬
‫األميركية‬
‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫العالمية‬ ‫الهيمنة‬ ‫لتحقيق‬
‫الدو‬ ‫السياسة‬ ‫كتب‬ ‫على‬ ‫باالعتماد‬ ‫الدولي‬
. ‫امش‬‫و‬‫اله‬ ‫في‬ ‫استخدماها‬ ‫تم‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫العالقات‬‫و‬ ‫لة‬
Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171
151
‫ةغ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ين‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫أ‬ ‫ةين‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬ ‫ن‬‫دو‬
‫ةف‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫بمخت‬ ‫ين‬‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫المف‬‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السا‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬ ‫ل‬
‫ا‬ ‫ةاوينهم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫ع‬
‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةوم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ل‬
‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ظ‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةدة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫المت‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ال‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫لمكا‬ ‫ةؤطر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫مو‬ ‫ةدرك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةاء‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫ب‬
،
‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةف‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ول‬
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫اك‬
‫ر‬‫اد‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةعفنا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ت‬ ‫ةبة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫خ‬ ‫ةية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫أر‬
،
‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫خالل‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةرك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫تت‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الكيت‬‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫األل‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫وف‬
‫السياسي‬ ‫البعد‬ ‫على‬ ‫التركيز‬ ‫من‬ ‫لنا‬ ‫البد‬ ‫ها‬
‫وتفسير‬
-
‫ي‬
‫الحضار‬
.
(
22
)
‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫ر‬‫للتج‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يخ‬‫ر‬‫التا‬ ‫ادة‬
‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫ال‬ ‫ةوء‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫ف‬
‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬ ‫ةاء‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫الب‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫ن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يك‬‫ر‬‫األم‬
‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫بد‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ونق‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫الف‬ ‫ة‬
‫ر‬‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫وب‬ ‫ةناعة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫تع‬ ‫ةقة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫متنا‬ ‫ةاميع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫م‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ن‬‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫مت‬
‫الملموس‬ ‫العملي‬ ‫اقعه‬‫و‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫ي‬
‫النظر‬ ‫مفهومه‬
،
: ‫ادناه‬ ‫المخطو‬ ‫يوضحه‬ ‫ما‬ ‫وحسب‬
‫نجا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ولعلنا‬
‫دل‬
‫تطلع‬ ‫بدايات‬ ‫أولى‬ ‫إن‬ ‫بالقول‬ ‫الحقيقة‬ ‫في‬
‫بعد‬ ‫ذا‬ ‫كانت‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬
‫الدولية‬ ‫الساحة‬ ‫لدخول‬ ‫يكي‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫اب‬
‫ر‬‫االقت‬ ‫كان‬ ‫إذ‬ ,‫المبشر‬‫و‬ ‫التاجر‬ ‫على‬ ‫ة‬
‫ر‬‫مقصو‬ ‫ي‬
‫حضار‬
‫اعتمدت‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫إن‬ ‫عن‬ ً‫فضال‬ ,‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫بية‬‫ر‬‫األو‬ ‫القوى‬ ‫لمكانة‬ ‫وحذر‬ ‫اضع‬‫و‬‫مت‬
‫ال‬ ‫لبناء‬ ‫لة‬‫ز‬‫الع‬ ‫مبدأ‬
‫الت‬ ‫ن‬‫دو‬ ,‫الجديد‬ ‫العالم‬ ‫على‬ ‫الهيمنة‬‫و‬ ‫ذات‬
‫القديم‬ ‫بالعالم‬ ‫ورا‬
،
‫عة‬
‫بالنز‬ ‫االكتفاء‬‫و‬
. ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫التبشي‬
‫صناع‬
‫السياسة‬
‫منظري‬
‫السياسة‬
‫مؤولين‬
‫ا‬
‫لسياسة‬
‫السياسية‬ ‫األمريكية‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫مقومات‬
–
‫الحضارية‬
‫الح‬
‫السياسي‬ ‫راك‬
-
‫األمريكي‬ ‫الحضاري‬
‫العالمي‬ ‫األمريكي‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫بناء‬
( ‫مخطط‬
2
)
‫السياسية‬ ‫األمريكية‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫مقومات‬ ‫الباحث‬ ‫تصميم‬ ‫من‬ ‫افتراضي‬ ‫مخطط‬
-
‫الحضارية‬
‫مروجي‬
‫السياسة‬
‫دعاة‬
‫السياسة‬
Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171
152
‫أخذت‬ ‫حتى‬ ,‫التغيير‬ ‫امة‬‫و‬‫د‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫ودخول‬ " ‫األولى‬ ‫العالمية‬ ‫الحرب‬ " ‫اندلعت‬ ‫إن‬ ‫وما‬
‫السياسي‬ ‫البعد‬‫و‬ ‫ي‬
‫الحضار‬ ‫البعد‬ ‫بين‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬
،
‫السياس‬ ‫االنفتاح‬ ‫مرحلة‬ ‫وبدت‬
‫العالم‬ ‫على‬ ‫ي‬
‫ن‬ ‫وعرضت‬ ‫القديم‬
‫ل‬ ‫كحامل‬ ‫فسها‬
‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫ان‬
‫ز‬‫مي‬
،
‫للقوى‬ ‫المشارك‬ ‫الصديق‬ ‫نفسها‬ ‫طارحة‬
‫الدولية‬
،
‫ذاته‬ ‫الوقت‬ ‫في‬ ‫العالم‬ ‫في‬ ‫التحرر‬ ‫لحركات‬ ‫الداعم‬ ‫المنقذ‬ ‫العادل‬‫و‬
،
‫وجدنا‬ ‫اللحظة‬ ‫تلك‬ ‫ومن‬
‫الف‬ ‫اقتناص‬‫و‬ ‫الحذر‬ ‫السير‬ ‫سياسة‬ ‫لتستمر‬ ,‫المعايير‬ ‫مزدوجة‬ ‫يكية‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫السياسة‬
‫اتيجية‬
‫ر‬‫اإلست‬ ‫رص‬
‫إ‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫لبناء‬
. ‫الثانية‬ ‫العالمية‬ ‫الحرب‬ ‫لى‬
‫القوى‬ ‫نجم‬ ‫افول‬ ‫ليعلن‬ " ‫الثانية‬ ‫العالمية‬ ‫الحرب‬ " ‫نهاية‬ ‫عن‬ ‫الناتج‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫التغيير‬ ‫إلى‬ ً‫ال‬
‫و‬‫وص‬
,‫السوفيتي‬ ‫االتحاد‬‫و‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ )‫الثنائية‬ ‫القطبية‬ ‫(نظام‬ ‫وبروز‬ )‫القوى‬ ‫ن‬‫از‬‫و‬‫ت‬ ‫(نظام‬ ‫بية‬‫ر‬‫األو‬
‫ل‬
‫ال‬
‫و‬‫لل‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫في‬ ‫نوبية‬ ‫نقلة‬ ‫ن‬‫تكو‬
‫العامل‬ ‫بدا‬ ‫حتى‬ ,‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫يات‬
‫السياسي‬ ‫العامل‬ ‫لحساب‬ ‫يقل‬ ‫ي‬
‫الحضار‬
،
‫المكانة‬ ‫عن‬ ً‫بحثا‬ ‫الباردة‬ ‫الحرب‬ ‫امة‬‫و‬‫د‬ ‫العالم‬ ‫ليدخل‬
‫الدولية‬
،
‫العالم‬ ‫السياسي‬ ‫المشهد‬ ‫على‬ ‫لتهيمن‬ ‫اتيجية‬
‫ر‬‫اإلست‬ ‫التالفات‬‫و‬ ‫التحالفات‬ ‫سياسة‬ ‫فظهرت‬
‫ي‬
‫(ال‬ ‫اإليديولوجي‬ ‫اع‬
‫ر‬‫الص‬ ‫صيت‬ ‫ذاع‬ ‫إن‬ ‫بعد‬
‫الية‬
‫ر‬‫ليب‬
–
. )‫الشيوبية‬
‫شهده‬ ‫ما‬ ‫إن‬ ‫بيد‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫بالمكانة‬ ‫يسمى‬ ‫ما‬ ‫تحقق‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الكيتية‬ ‫او‬ ‫اإللية‬ ‫فهم‬ ‫الصعب‬ ‫لمن‬ ‫انه‬
‫ين‬‫ر‬‫المنظ‬ ‫من‬ ‫الكثير‬ ‫قبل‬ ‫من‬ ‫محسوب‬ ‫غير‬ ‫كان‬ ‫مدهش‬ ‫تغيير‬ ‫من‬ ‫العالم‬
،
‫انهيار‬ ‫أعلن‬ ‫الذي‬‫و‬
‫السوفيتي‬ ‫اإلتحاد‬
،
‫ونهاية‬
‫الحرب‬
‫ال‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫الدة‬
‫و‬‫و‬ ,‫الباردة‬
‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫مكانة‬ ‫عزز‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫جديد‬
‫دوليا‬ ‫المتحدة‬
(
23
)
‫يجد‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫لمكانة‬ ‫المتتبع‬ ‫الباحث‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ع‬
‫الموضو‬ ‫في‬ ‫يب‬‫ر‬‫الغ‬‫و‬
‫لصالحها‬ ‫يصب‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫يحدث‬ ‫تغيير‬ ‫كل‬ ‫إن‬
،
‫اد‬
‫ر‬‫انف‬ ‫ة‬
‫ر‬‫الم‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫التغيير‬ ‫ليعلن‬
‫الو‬
‫متوجها‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫الساحة‬ ‫في‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫مرحلة‬ ‫العالم‬ ‫دخول‬ ‫ومع‬ .‫العالمي‬ ‫الي‬
‫ر‬‫اللب‬ ‫للنظام‬ ‫قائد‬
‫ي‬
‫الحضار‬ ‫البعد‬ ‫بتغليب‬ ‫المعادلة‬ ‫تقلب‬ ‫الخالقة‬ ‫الفوضى‬ ‫من‬ ‫ع‬
‫نو‬ ‫ليسود‬ ‫األدائي‬‫و‬ ‫ي‬
‫الفكر‬ ‫باك‬‫ر‬‫اال‬
‫السياسي‬ ‫البعد‬ ‫على‬
،
‫أحداث‬ ‫ن‬‫لتكو‬ )‫األديان‬ ‫(حروب‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫الحضا‬ ‫صدام‬ ‫شعار‬ ‫فع‬‫ر‬‫لت‬
11
‫أيلو‬
‫ل‬
2001
‫الق‬ ‫صناع‬ ‫مدركات‬ ‫غيرت‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الصدمة‬
. ‫الدولي‬ ‫المجتمع‬ ‫في‬ ‫ار‬
‫ر‬
‫المتماثل‬ ‫غير‬ ‫الصدام‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫نقلت‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫لتلك‬ ً‫إتماما‬‫و‬ ‫مضى‬ ‫ما‬ ‫مع‬ ً‫تناسقا‬
‫الصدام‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫فاتحة‬ ‫اق‬
‫ر‬‫الع‬ ‫ن‬‫ليكو‬ ‫األممية‬ ‫و‬ ‫القومية‬ ‫األنظمة‬ ‫مع‬ ‫الصدام‬ ‫إلى‬ "‫هاب‬
‫"اإلر‬ ‫مع‬
‫عام‬
2003
،
‫عد‬ ‫إن‬ ‫بعد‬
‫األن‬ ‫تلك‬ ‫ت‬
‫ا‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫مهددات‬ ‫من‬ ‫ظمة‬
‫الدولية‬ ‫ادة‬
‫ر‬‫اإل‬ ‫لتتفق‬ . ‫لجديد‬
‫مع‬ ‫يتفق‬ ‫وما‬ ‫السياسية‬ ‫النظم‬ ‫لتتغير‬ )‫الشعوب‬ ‫ادات‬
‫ر‬‫(أ‬ ‫الوطنية‬ ‫ادات‬
‫ر‬‫اإل‬ ‫مع‬ )‫المهيمن‬ ‫القوي‬ ‫ادة‬
‫ر‬‫(إ‬
‫عة‬
‫النز‬ ‫الي‬
‫ر‬‫لب‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬
،
‫الهرم‬ ‫قمة‬ ‫على‬ ‫ممكنة‬ ‫حقبة‬ ‫أطول‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫بقاء‬ ‫يضمن‬ ‫مما‬
‫السيا‬
‫الخا‬ ‫السياسة‬ ‫صناع‬ ‫دمج‬ ‫أن‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫العالمي‬ ‫سي‬
‫ية‬‫ر‬‫ونظ‬ ‫ات‬
‫ر‬‫الحضا‬ ‫صدام‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫نظ‬ ‫بين‬ ‫جية‬
‫ر‬
‫يخ‬‫ر‬‫التا‬ ‫نهاية‬
،
. ‫الدولية‬ ‫الفوضى‬ ‫تعم‬ ‫وبدونها‬ ‫العالم‬ ‫في‬ ‫مهيمنة‬ ‫قوة‬ ‫أخر‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬
‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ن‬‫لتكو‬
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system
The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system

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The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system

  • 1. Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171 143 ISSN: 2074-9554 (Print) Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts http://www.jaa.tu.edu.iq available online at: The role of the elements in place to strengthen American hegemony in the international system ‫الم‬ ‫مقومات‬ ‫دور‬ ‫في‬ ‫كانة‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ع‬ ‫األميركية‬ ‫الهيمنة‬ ‫زيز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫لدولي‬ ‫الهرمزي‬ ‫توفيق‬ ‫نصرت‬ ‫سيف‬ .‫د‬ Dr. Saif Nasrat Tawfiq Al- Hermizi E-mail: fara_arts@ tu.edu.iq A r t i c l e i n f o. Article history: -Received -Accepted Keywords: - American Hegemony - International System Abstract: When considering clarified about the most important approaches that lean upon the elements of any particular country found its image is based on traditional military factor, it is the first criterion for measuring the elements of the power of states and thus their ability down to the role and status in the international system. However, it is no longer a military righting this traditional image, especially with the entry of nuclear and biological weapons, as it has become in the forefront of deterrence strategies, which if breached in the pillar of its rules, it will lead to a disaster cannot be described or compared to what happened in the two world wars. Indeed, the technological factor has become a fundamental pillar in all elements of the military and economic state. ‫الخالصة‬ : ‫نة‬ّ ‫معي‬ ‫دولة‬ ‫أي‬ ‫مقومات‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫تتكئ‬ ‫التي‬ ‫بات‬‫ر‬‫المقا‬ ‫أهم‬ ‫حول‬ ‫باستجالء‬ ‫النظر‬ ‫عند‬ ‫قوة‬ ‫مقومات‬ ‫لقياس‬ ‫األول‬ ‫المعيار‬ ‫فهو‬ ،‫ي‬ ‫العسكر‬ ‫العامل‬ ‫على‬ ‫التقليدية‬ ‫تها‬‫ر‬‫بصو‬ ‫تكز‬‫ر‬‫ت‬ ‫نجدها‬ ً‫ال‬ ‫و‬‫وص‬ ‫تها‬‫ر‬‫قد‬ ‫وبالتالي‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫بأ‬ ‫الهيمنة‬ ‫تنطلق‬ ‫ومنها‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫المكانة‬‫و‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫ش‬ ‫كالها‬ ‫النووي‬ ‫السالح‬ ‫دخول‬ ‫مع‬ ‫ما‬ّ ‫السي‬ ،‫التقليدية‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫الصو‬ ‫بهذه‬ ‫ي‬ ‫العسكر‬ ‫المقوم‬ ‫يعد‬ ‫لم‬ ‫أنه‬ ‫بيد‬ .‫المختلفة‬ ‫الذي‬‫و‬ ،‫الردع‬ ‫اتيجيات‬ ‫ر‬‫است‬ ‫مقدمة‬ ‫في‬ ‫أصبح‬ ‫إذ‬ ،‫البيولوجي‬‫و‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫فإنه‬ ،‫اعده‬‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫من‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ز‬‫ركي‬ ‫في‬ ‫ُخل‬‫أ‬ ‫ما‬ ‫سيؤدي‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫بين‬‫ر‬‫الح‬ ‫في‬ ‫حصل‬ ‫بما‬ ‫نتها‬‫ر‬‫مقا‬ ‫أو‬ ‫نصفها‬ ‫أن‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ارث‬‫و‬‫ك‬ ‫ل‬ ‫إن‬ ‫بل‬ .‫عالميتين‬ ،‫الخ‬..‫االقتصادية‬‫و‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫مقومات‬ ‫كل‬ ‫في‬ ‫أساسية‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ز‬‫ركي‬ ‫أصبح‬ ‫التكنولوجي‬ ‫العامل‬
  • 2. Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171 144 ‫في‬ ‫األمثل‬ ‫االستخدام‬ ‫على‬ ‫اليوم‬ ‫قياس‬ ‫إن‬ ‫بل‬ ،‫وعتاد‬ ‫عدة‬ ‫من‬ ‫تمتلك‬ ‫بما‬ ‫تقاس‬ ‫ال‬ ‫اليوم‬ ‫فجيش‬ .‫المرجوة‬ ‫وبالنتائج‬ ‫األهداف‬ ‫تحقيق‬ __________ ____ ___________ ________ ______ __________ _ _________ ‫مقدمة‬ ‫تبحث‬ ‫في‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫إطار‬ ‫اتي‬ ‫ر‬‫است‬ ‫ال‬ ‫الشاملة‬ ‫جيتها‬ ‫من‬ ‫مكانتها‬ ‫على‬ ‫للحفاظ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫الكبر‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫سيما‬ ‫الحادي‬ ‫ن‬‫القر‬ ‫في‬ ‫السيما‬ ‫عة‬ ‫المتسار‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫التغيير‬ ‫امة‬‫و‬‫د‬ ‫ظل‬ ‫في‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النسق‬ ‫في‬ ‫الهيمنة‬ ‫خالل‬ ‫ين‬‫ر‬‫العش‬‫و‬ ، ‫ظل‬ ‫في‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫التغيير‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫مسا‬ ‫ان‬‫و‬ ‫الدوليي‬ ‫اعل‬‫و‬‫الف‬ ‫بين‬ ‫ما‬ ‫اع‬ ‫ر‬‫الص‬‫و‬ ‫التنافس‬ ‫ن‬ ‫يؤكد‬ ‫الدوليين‬ ‫وغير‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫على‬ ‫تها‬‫ر‬‫قد‬ ‫وبالتالي‬ ‫قوتها‬ ‫ومقومات‬ ‫لممكنات‬ ً‫ا‬‫وفق‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫افول‬‫و‬ ‫صعود‬ .‫للقوة‬ ‫الرشيد‬ ‫االستخدام‬‫و‬ ‫االمثل‬ ‫التوظيف‬ ‫انتهاء‬ ‫مع‬ ‫تسيدت‬ ‫دولية‬ ‫قوة‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫الساحة‬ ‫على‬ ‫برزت‬ ‫السوفيتي‬ ‫االتحاد‬ ‫بتفكك‬ ‫الباردة‬ ‫الحرب‬ ‫الي‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫مثلته‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫الجديد‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫األ‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ميركي‬ ‫دولية‬ ‫بيئة‬ ‫في‬ ‫ة‬ ‫جديدة‬ ‫اطار‬ ‫تحت‬ ‫القطبية‬ ‫األحادية‬ ‫وضعت‬ ‫هنا‬ ‫ومن‬ ، ‫األ‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ميركي‬ ‫ة‬ ‫جهدها‬ ‫الحيوية‬ ‫اهدافها‬ ‫وصاغت‬ ‫اجل‬ ‫من‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬ ‫الوسائل‬ ‫تتقدمها‬ ‫وسائل‬ ‫عبر‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النسق‬ ‫في‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحفاظ‬ ‫التكنولوجية‬‫و‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫االقتصادي‬ ‫الوسائل‬ ‫جانب‬ ‫ة‬ ، ‫إطار‬ ‫في‬ ‫مؤطر‬ ‫انتشار‬ ‫إعادة‬ ‫عملية‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫عمدت‬ ‫إذ‬ ‫مكثف‬ ‫دولي‬ ، ‫المعلومات‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫ثو‬ ‫ته‬‫ز‬‫أفر‬ ‫الذي‬‫و‬ ‫التكنولوجي‬ ‫التقدم‬ ‫يادة‬‫ز‬ ‫في‬ ‫االهتمام‬ ‫عن‬ ‫فضال‬ ‫ظل‬ ‫في‬ ‫الدو‬ ‫التفاعالت‬ ‫معظم‬ ‫على‬ )‫نيت‬‫ر‬‫(االنت‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫المعلومات‬ ‫شبكة‬ ‫هيمنة‬ ‫المحلية‬‫و‬ ‫االقليمية‬‫و‬ ‫لية‬ . ‫غضا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫أن‬ ‫في‬ ‫ضة‬ ‫في‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫ووف‬ ‫قوة‬ ‫من‬ ‫تملكه‬ ‫ما‬ ‫إمكانيتها‬‫و‬ ‫اتها‬ ‫ر‬‫قد‬ ‫و‬ ‫السياسية‬‫و‬ ‫االقتصادية‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬ ً‫ال‬‫فض‬ ‫اإلمكانات‬ ‫عن‬ ‫التكنولوجية‬ ‫المعلومات‬‫و‬ ‫ية‬ ‫تمسك‬ ‫فإنها‬ ‫بأهم‬ ‫مف‬ ‫اصل‬ ‫التشبيه‬‫و‬ ‫التعبير‬ ‫صح‬ ‫إن‬ ‫العالمي‬ ‫الجسد‬ ‫القوة‬ ‫ومثلث‬ ، ‫على‬ ‫بل‬ ‫فحسب‬ ‫اآلنية‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫للفت‬ ‫ليس‬ ‫ال‬ ‫المدى‬ ً‫أيضا‬ ‫المنظور‬ ‫مستقبلي‬ . ‫األ‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫مقومات‬ ‫دروب‬ ‫في‬ ‫البحث‬ ‫ان‬‫و‬ ‫ميركي‬ ‫األ‬ ‫الهيمنة‬ ‫عمق‬ ‫لفهم‬ ‫سبيل‬ ‫اال‬ ‫هو‬ ‫ما‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ميركي‬ ‫ة‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫الهرم‬ ‫قمة‬ ‫بعها‬‫ر‬‫وت‬ ‫اتبية‬ ‫ر‬‫الت‬ ‫في‬ ‫تليها‬ ‫التي‬ ‫ى‬ ‫االخر‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫الوحدات‬ ‫عن‬ ‫شاسع‬ ‫ن‬‫بو‬ ‫في‬ ، ‫ان‬ ‫وبالتالي‬ ،‫الدولية‬ ‫األ‬ ‫القوة‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫مؤش‬ ‫عن‬ ‫الحديث‬ ‫ميركي‬ ‫بمختل‬ ‫ة‬ ‫اال‬ ‫هو‬ ‫ما‬ ‫اشكالها‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ل‬ ‫على‬ ‫لوقوف‬ . ‫تفصيلي‬ ‫بشكل‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫مكانتها‬ ‫مكنونات‬ ‫اهم‬ ‫األهمية‬ : ‫األهمية‬ ‫بتحديد‬ ‫تبدأ‬ ‫علمية‬ ‫اسة‬ ‫ر‬‫د‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ع‬ ‫موضو‬ ‫أي‬ ‫أن‬ ‫المعروف‬ ‫من‬ ، ‫اجب‬‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫من‬ ‫كان‬ ‫لذا‬ ‫اسة‬ ‫ر‬‫الد‬ ‫تلك‬ ‫أهمية‬ ‫توضيح‬ ‫علينا‬ ، ‫الد‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫إن‬ ‫إذ‬ ‫بها‬ ‫حظيت‬ ‫التي‬ ‫ولية‬ ‫في‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫الحقبة‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫األخي‬ ، ‫ين‬‫ر‬‫المفك‬‫و‬ ‫للباحثين‬ ً‫ا‬ ‫ز‬‫حاف‬ ‫كانت‬ ‫لالهتمام‬ ‫بها‬ ، ‫أعلنت‬ ‫أن‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫األحداث‬ ‫في‬ ‫المستجدات‬‫و‬ . ‫عنها‬ ‫االستغناء‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫للنظام‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫دولة‬ ‫بدت‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫إن‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫الساحة‬
  • 3. Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171 145 ‫الفرضية‬ : ‫مف‬ ‫فرضية‬ ‫على‬ ‫اسة‬ ‫ر‬‫الد‬ ‫تكز‬‫ر‬‫ت‬ ‫ادها‬ ‫اآلتي‬ : " ‫ان‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫لل‬ ‫قوة‬ ‫ممكنات‬ ‫هناك‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫األ‬ ‫ميركي‬ ‫ة‬ ‫تطي‬ ‫قد‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫على‬ ‫هيمنتها‬ ‫عمر‬ ‫من‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ر‬‫بأس‬ ، ‫ضعف‬ ‫فان‬ ‫وبخالفه‬ ‫اجع‬ ‫ر‬‫وت‬ ‫تلك‬ ‫هيمنتها‬ ‫اجع‬ ‫ر‬‫ت‬ ‫الى‬ ‫تؤدي‬ ‫قد‬ ‫المادية‬ ‫وغير‬ ‫المادية‬ ‫المقومات‬ " ‫إلثبات‬ ‫و‬ ‫تسعى‬ ‫الفرضية‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫صحة‬ ‫اشكالية‬ ‫لإلجابة‬ ‫اسة‬ ‫ر‬‫الد‬ ‫على‬ ‫األسئلة‬ : ‫التالية‬ 1 - ‫ما‬ ‫للمكانة‬ ‫المفاهيمي‬ ‫االطار‬ ‫؟‬ ‫لها‬ ‫بة‬‫ر‬‫المقا‬ ‫المفاهيم‬‫و‬ 2 - ‫ما‬ ‫مقومات‬ ‫ابرز‬ ‫هي‬ ‫القوة‬ ‫يكي‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫ة‬ ‫المادية‬ ‫وغير‬ ‫المادية‬ ‫الهيمنة‬ ‫لتحقيق‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫؟‬ ‫الهيكلية‬ : ‫ستة‬ ‫في‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫وكان‬ ‫االكاديمي‬ ‫للبحث‬ ‫العام‬ ‫االطار‬‫و‬ ‫يتناسق‬ ‫بما‬ ‫البحث‬ ‫هيكلية‬ ‫وضه‬ ‫تم‬ ‫مطالب‬ ، ‫في‬ ‫جاء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫األول‬ ‫مطلب‬ ‫الثاني‬‫و‬ : ‫المفاهيمي‬ ‫االطار‬ ‫وتناول‬ .‫الدولية‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫ماهية‬ ‫و‬ ‫المكانة‬ .‫بة‬‫ر‬‫المقا‬ ‫المفاهيم‬ ‫ببعض‬ ‫وعالقتها‬ ‫اما‬ : ‫الثالث‬ ‫المطلب‬ ‫تحديد‬ ‫فتم‬ ‫المقو‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫الحضا‬‫و‬ ‫السياسية‬ ‫مات‬ ‫يكي‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫و‬ . ‫تناول‬ ‫تم‬ ‫يكية‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬ ‫المقومات‬ ‫ابع‬ ‫ر‬‫ال‬ ‫المطلب‬ ‫في‬ ‫مفاصلها‬ ‫بكل‬ ، ‫ف‬ ‫وتناولت‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ا‬ ‫المطلب‬ : ‫لخامس‬ ‫التكنولوجية‬ ‫المقومات‬ ‫و‬ ‫السادس‬ ‫المطلب‬ ‫في‬ ‫جاء‬ ‫الي‬ ‫و‬‫لل‬ ‫االقتصادية‬ ‫المقومات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫يكية‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫للقوة‬ ‫التحتية‬ ‫البنية‬ ‫فهي‬ ‫القوة‬ ‫مركبات‬ ‫لكل‬ ‫االساسية‬ ‫الهيمنة‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ز‬‫تك‬‫ر‬‫م‬ ‫كأحد‬ ‫السياسية‬ ‫بالقوة‬ ‫المتمثلة‬ ‫الفوقية‬ ‫للبنية‬ ً‫ال‬ ‫و‬‫وص‬ ‫التكنولوجية‬‫و‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬ . ‫المطلب‬ ‫األول‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫ماهية‬ : : ‫تأ‬ ‫تي‬ ‫ةن‬ُ ‫يمك‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ةن‬ُ ‫(مك‬ ‫ةل‬‫ع‬‫الف‬ ‫ةن‬‫م‬ ‫ةة‬‫غ‬‫الل‬ ‫في‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫كلمة‬ ، ً ‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫مكا‬ ، ‫ةأتي‬‫ي‬‫و‬ ،‫ةاء‬‫ك‬ ‫ن‬‫ك‬ ‫ك‬ُ ‫م‬ : ‫ةع‬‫م‬‫الج‬‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ةين‬‫ي‬ ‫ك‬‫ك‬ ‫م‬ ‫ةو‬‫ه‬‫ف‬ ‫ةاع‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫االجت‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫ةاحب‬‫ة‬‫ص‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ب‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫يتح‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ز‬‫المن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫بدال‬ ، ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫و‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫مكا‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫جمع‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬‫و‬ ‫ةأن‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ف‬‫ر‬‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ز‬‫المن‬ ، ‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ي‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫(أن‬ ً‫ال‬‫ث‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫مكا‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ل‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫قو‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫ع‬ ‫م‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ز‬‫بمن‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫يتم‬ ‫أي‬ ) ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫بق‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫تم‬ ‫القوم‬ ( 1 ) . ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةنة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الح‬ ‫ةمعة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫العال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ز‬‫المن‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةلفنا‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ا‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ك‬ ‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ةكل‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ب‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫االجتماب‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫ةير‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫وت‬ ‫ةة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ةة‬‫س‬‫المؤس‬ ‫ةرد‬‫ف‬‫ال‬ ‫ةغله‬‫ش‬‫ي‬ ‫ةذي‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةع‬‫ض‬‫الو‬ ‫ةة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫ةمن‬‫ض‬‫وتت‬ .‫ةة‬‫ي‬‫االجتماب‬ ‫ةز‬‫ك‬‫ا‬ ‫ر‬‫الم‬ ‫الى‬ ‫الناس‬ ‫ينسبها‬ ُ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫و‬ ‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةب‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ح‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ةذي‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫الهي‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ز‬‫تو‬ ‫ةوء‬‫ة‬‫ض‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ال‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫نت‬ ‫ةس‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫ن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةلطة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ةوة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ا‬ ‫ز‬‫االلت‬ ‫االطار‬ ‫دنيا‬ ‫ومكانة‬ ‫عليا‬ ‫مكانة‬ ‫نقول‬ ‫كان‬ ( 2 ) . ‫ا‬‫ك‬ ‫ن‬ْ ‫ل‬‫ك‬ ‫ع‬‫ك‬ ‫ج‬‫ك‬ ‫و‬ ‫ي‬ ‫يه‬‫ي‬ ‫ف‬ ْ ‫م‬ُ ‫اك‬َّ ‫ن‬َّ ‫ك‬‫ك‬ ‫م‬ ْ ‫ن‬‫ي‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ا‬‫ك‬ ‫يم‬‫ي‬ ‫ف‬ ْ ‫م‬ُ ‫اه‬َّ ‫ن‬َّ ‫ك‬‫ك‬ ‫م‬ ْ ‫د‬‫ك‬ ‫ق‬‫ك‬ ‫ل‬‫ك‬ ‫((و‬ ‫تعالى‬ ‫قوله‬ ‫في‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫ذكر‬ ‫يم‬‫ر‬‫الك‬ ‫آن‬ ‫ر‬‫الق‬ ‫في‬ ‫ورد‬ ‫وقد‬ ‫ك‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ً ‫ع‬ْ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬ ‫ك‬ ‫س‬ ْ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬ُ ‫ه‬‫ك‬ ‫ل‬ ))ً ‫ة‬‫ك‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬ ‫ئ‬ْ ‫ف‬‫ك‬‫أ‬‫ك‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ً ‫ةار‬‫ة‬‫ة‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ص‬ْ ‫كب‬‫أ‬ ( 3 ) ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫قو‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫و‬ )) ْ ‫م‬‫ي‬ ‫ه‬‫ي‬ ‫ت‬‫ك‬ ‫ةان‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬ ‫ك‬‫ك‬ ‫م‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬ ‫ل‬‫ك‬ ‫ع‬ ْ ‫م‬ُ ‫اه‬‫ك‬ ‫ن‬ْ ‫ةخ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬ ‫ك‬ ‫س‬‫ك‬ ‫م‬‫ك‬ ‫ل‬ ُ ‫ةاء‬‫ة‬‫ة‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ش‬‫ك‬ ‫ن‬ ْ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬ ‫ل‬‫ك‬ ‫((و‬ ‫ةالى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ت‬ ( 4 ) ‫كي‬‫أ‬ : ً‫ا‬‫أيض‬ ‫بها‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ر‬‫ي‬ ‫المكانة‬‫و‬ ،‫الشيء‬ ‫من‬ ‫الرجل‬ ‫إستمكن‬ ‫بمعنى‬ ‫أي‬ ،‫الشيء‬ ‫في‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫مكنه‬ ‫ويقال‬ .‫هم‬‫ي‬ ‫موضع‬ ‫النفوذ‬ ‫صاحب‬ ‫أو‬ ‫الملك‬ ‫عند‬ ‫لة‬‫ز‬‫المن‬ ( 5 ) . ‫الدو‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫أما‬ ‫ف‬ ‫لي‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫بنيان‬ ‫في‬ ‫السياسية‬ ‫الوحدة‬ ‫مكانة‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ةد‬‫ي‬‫بع‬ ‫ةد‬‫ح‬ ‫ةى‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةدد‬‫ح‬‫ي‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫لنسق‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫خ‬‫األ‬ ‫ةدات‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫الو‬ ‫ةاه‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫ت‬ ‫ةلوكها‬‫ة‬‫س‬ ، ‫ةدد‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ويت‬ ‫ةية‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬ ‫ةدات‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫للو‬ ‫يجي‬‫ر‬‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةب‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ت‬‫ر‬‫بالت‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫يت‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫فالن‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةدول‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫تنق‬ ‫ةاها‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫بمقت‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫المؤ‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫لمجمو‬ ً‫ا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫طب‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةذا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫دو‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬ ‫ةب‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ت‬‫ر‬‫ت‬ ‫ةدا‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫وو‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫عل‬ ‫ةدات‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫و‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫دن‬ ‫ت‬ ، ‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ت‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫المؤ‬ ‫أن‬ ‫نا‬‫ر‬‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ت‬ ‫ةإذا‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫مكا‬ ‫دد‬
  • 4. Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171 146 ‫ةدخل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةتوى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫وم‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫الح‬ ‫ةالة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫األ‬‫و‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫التعلي‬ ‫ةتوى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الم‬‫و‬ ‫ةنيع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫الت‬ ‫ةتوى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫وم‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الع‬ ‫ةوة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ :‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةع‬‫ت‬‫تتم‬ ‫ان‬‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫ةذكو‬‫م‬‫ال‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫للمؤ‬ ‫ةبة‬‫س‬‫بالن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ي‬‫عال‬ ‫بمكانة‬ ‫معينة‬ ‫وحدة‬ ‫تتمتع‬ ‫أن‬ ‫المتصور‬ ‫من‬ ‫فأنه‬ ‫الفردي‬ ‫دولية‬ ‫وحدة‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫المؤش‬ ‫لتلك‬ ‫بالنسبة‬ ‫دنيا‬ ‫بمكانة‬ ‫ى‬ ‫اخر‬ . ‫الهيبة‬‫و‬ ‫ةالقوة‬‫ب‬ ‫ن‬‫ةر‬‫ت‬‫وتق‬ ‫تبو‬‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ت‬ ‫ةة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫إن‬ ً‫ا‬‫أيض‬ ‫يالحظ‬ ‫وكما‬ ، ‫ةالل‬‫خ‬ ‫ةن‬‫م‬ ‫ةج‬‫ض‬‫تن‬ ‫ةوة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ةيما‬‫س‬‫ال‬ ‫ةوة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫ةى‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ً‫ال‬ ‫و‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ي‬‫التكنولوج‬ ‫القوة‬‫و‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬ ‫القوة‬‫و‬ ‫االقتصادية‬ ‫بالقوة‬ ‫المتمثلة‬ ‫للقوة‬ ‫التحتية‬ ‫البنية‬ ‫قوة‬ ‫السياسي‬ ‫النفوذ‬‫و‬ ، ‫ا‬ ‫أن‬ ‫وبما‬ ‫قيمة‬ ‫لقوة‬ ً‫ا‬‫تقييم‬ ‫ي‬ ‫تجر‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫فأن‬ ‫نسبية‬ ‫ةه‬‫ت‬‫ن‬‫ر‬‫بمقا‬ ‫ةة‬‫ي‬‫الذات‬ ‫قوتها‬ ‫وضع‬ ‫على‬ ‫ةق‬‫ي‬‫وتحق‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ةر‬‫خ‬‫األ‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫السياسة‬ ‫أهداف‬ ‫لتوسيع‬ ‫القوة‬ ‫وتستخدم‬ ‫ى‬ ‫األخر‬ ‫الحكومات‬ ‫في‬ ‫الوضع‬ ‫مع‬ ‫ةادية‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫االقت‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الكفا‬ ، ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ت‬‫ر‬‫وت‬ ‫ةدول‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ل‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫المجت‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫يمن‬ ‫ةذي‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫االح‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫بالهي‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫بين‬ ‫على‬ ‫السمعة‬ ‫على‬ ‫أو‬ ‫المنافسة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫للقوة‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫تصو‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫االتفاقات‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ر‬‫احت‬ ‫في‬ . ( 6 ) ‫المك‬ ‫تحقيق‬ ‫إن‬ ‫اقع‬‫و‬‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫امتالك‬ ‫يتطلب‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫انة‬ ً‫ال‬ ‫و‬‫وص‬ ‫المقومات‬‫و‬ ‫الممكنات‬‫و‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫للم‬ ‫االدنى‬‫و‬ ‫االهداف‬ ‫من‬ ‫الحيوي‬ ‫تحدد‬ ‫شاملة‬ ‫اتيجية‬ ‫ر‬‫است‬ ‫بناء‬ ‫من‬ ‫تمكنها‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الذاتية‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫القد‬ ‫الى‬ ‫االعتم‬‫و‬ ‫المرحلة‬‫و‬ ‫افق‬‫و‬‫تت‬ ‫وتكنيكات‬ ‫تكتيكات‬ ‫على‬ ‫اد‬ ‫جانب‬ ‫الى‬ ‫للدولة‬ ‫الزمانية‬‫و‬ ‫المكانية‬ ‫الظروف‬‫و‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫القضايا‬ ‫معظم‬ ‫تجاه‬ ‫نشيطة‬ ‫جية‬ ‫خار‬ ‫سياسة‬ ‫إتباع‬ ، ‫االقتصادية‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫الم‬‫و‬ ‫السكان‬‫و‬ ‫كالمساحة‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬‫و‬ ( 7 ) ) ‫المكانة‬ ‫(سياسة‬ ‫تسمى‬ ‫خاصة‬ ‫سياسة‬ ‫إتباع‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫تسعى‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫فأن‬ ‫وعليه‬ . ، ‫الدولية‬ ‫مكانتها‬ ‫يز‬‫ز‬‫لتع‬ ‫وذلك‬ ، ‫ال‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫وفي‬ ‫األ‬ ‫اقعية‬‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫مفكر‬ ‫يقول‬ ‫صدد‬ ‫ميركي‬ ‫إن‬ "‫مورجنثاو‬ ‫هانز‬ " ‫التي‬ ‫بالقوة‬ ‫ى‬ ‫األخر‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫على‬ ‫التأثير‬ ‫هو‬ ,‫المكانة‬ ‫سياسات‬ ‫تطبيق‬ ‫من‬ ‫الهدف‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫بصو‬ ‫تمتلكها‬ " ‫تمتلكها‬ ‫انها‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬‫يعتقد‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ين‬‫ر‬‫األخ‬ ‫من‬ ‫يد‬‫ر‬‫ت‬ ‫أو‬ ‫تعتقد‬ ‫التي‬ ‫بالقوة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫فعلية‬ ( 8 ) . ‫لذا‬ ‫نالح‬ ‫ار‬‫و‬‫للم‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫امتالك‬ ‫تكفي‬ ‫ال‬ ‫بأنه‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫صفة‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫تضفي‬ ‫لكي‬ ‫الجيوبولتيكي‬ ‫ن‬‫الوز‬‫و‬ ‫د‬ ‫من‬ ‫لها‬ ‫لما‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫تلك‬ ‫از‬ ‫ر‬‫إلب‬ ‫المكانية‬ ‫الخصائص‬‫و‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫الم‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫توظيف‬ ‫من‬ ‫البد‬ ‫بل‬ ,‫المكانة‬ ‫وهذ‬ .‫الخارجية‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫عالقات‬ ‫مجمل‬ ‫على‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫تأثي‬ ‫ا‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫مكانة‬ ‫في‬ ‫اليوم‬ ‫تلمسه‬ ‫ما‬ ‫األ‬ ‫إمكاني‬ ‫من‬ ‫لها‬ ‫لما‬ ً‫دوليا‬ ‫يكية‬‫ر‬‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬‫وقد‬ ‫ة‬ ‫موظفة‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫العسك‬‫و‬ ‫السياسية‬ ‫المجاالت‬ ‫وبجميع‬ . ‫الخ‬ ... ‫التكنولوجية‬‫و‬ ‫االقتصادية‬‫و‬ : ‫بة‬‫ر‬‫المقا‬ ‫المفاهيم‬ ‫ببعض‬ ‫وعالقتها‬ ‫المكانة‬ : ‫الثاني‬ ‫المطلب‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫مفهوم‬ : ً‫ال‬‫و‬‫أ‬ : ‫معينة‬ ‫بيئة‬ ‫في‬ ‫الحركة‬ ‫انه‬ ‫على‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫فهم‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫لغويا‬ ‫معين‬ ‫محيو‬ ‫في‬ ‫او‬ ، ‫يعرف‬ ‫اذ‬ ‫(ويبستر‬ ‫قاموس‬ . ‫محدد‬ ‫موقف‬ ‫في‬ ‫الشخص‬ ‫يؤدي‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫ء‬ ‫الجز‬ ‫بأنه‬ ً‫لغويا‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫مصطلح‬ ) ‫الفرد‬ ‫نحو‬ ‫تتوجه‬ ‫اجتمابية‬ ‫اعد‬‫و‬‫ق‬ ‫نظام‬ ‫بأنه‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫يف‬‫ر‬‫تع‬ ‫فيمكن‬ ‫االجتمابية‬ ‫الناحية‬ ‫من‬ ‫أما‬ ‫م‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ر‬‫االف‬ ‫من‬ ‫لطائفة‬ ً‫ممثال‬ ‫أو‬ ‫جماعة‬ ‫في‬ ً‫ا‬‫و‬‫عض‬ ‫بصفته‬ ‫ولذاته‬ ‫وحده‬ ً‫ا‬‫سيكولوجي‬ ‫ين‬‫ز‬‫تمي‬ ( 9 ) ‫انه‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ير‬ ‫من‬ ‫وهنالك‬ . ‫االجتماعي‬ ‫المركز‬ ‫العب‬ ‫أو‬ ‫شاغل‬ ‫من‬ ‫المتوقع‬ ‫السلوك‬ ( 10 )
  • 5. Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171 147 ‫الدولية‬ ‫الوحدة‬ ‫به‬ ‫تقوم‬ ‫ما‬ ‫محصلة‬ ‫انه‬ ‫على‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫فهم‬ ‫فيمكن‬ ‫الخارجي‬ ‫المستوى‬ ‫على‬ ‫أما‬ ‫الخارجية‬ ‫السياسة‬ ‫في‬ ‫أهدافها‬ ‫تحقيق‬ ‫بقصد‬ ‫الخارجي‬ ‫نشاطها‬ ‫ممارسة‬ ‫في‬ ‫وسلوكيات‬ ‫أفعال‬ ‫من‬ ، ‫القر‬ ‫صانع‬ ‫اه‬ ‫ر‬‫ي‬ ‫عما‬ ‫يعبر‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫فان‬ ‫وبهذا‬ ‫بها‬ ‫تقوم‬ ‫أن‬ ‫يجب‬ ‫التي‬ ‫وللوظائف‬ ‫للوحدة‬ ‫مناسب‬ ‫بانه‬ ‫ار‬ ‫من‬ ‫ها‬ ‫وغير‬ ‫أفعال‬‫و‬ ‫امات‬ ‫ز‬‫الت‬‫و‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫ا‬ ‫ر‬‫ق‬ ‫يق‬‫ر‬‫ط‬ ‫عن‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫المجال‬ ‫في‬ ‫السلوكيات‬‫و‬ ‫فات‬‫ر‬‫التص‬ ‫المختلفة‬ ( 11 ) ‫هو‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫خاللها‬ ‫من‬ ‫ن‬‫يتكو‬ ‫التي‬ ‫العناصر‬ ‫أهم‬ ‫إن‬ ‫نجد‬ ‫يف‬‫ر‬‫التع‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫خالل‬ ‫ومن‬ ‫الهدف‬ ‫سي‬ ‫في‬ ‫تحقيقه‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫تسعى‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫بأنه‬ ‫الحالة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫في‬ ‫الهدف‬ ‫يعرف‬ ‫حيث‬ ‫الخارجية‬ ‫استها‬ . ‫الدولية‬ ‫البيئة‬ ‫في‬ ‫تحقيقها‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫الوحدة‬ ‫تسعى‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الغايات‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫أهمية‬ ‫مدى‬ ‫في‬ ‫األثر‬ ‫عظيم‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫تمتلكها‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الشاملة‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫للم‬ ‫فأن‬ ‫كذلك‬ ‫أن‬ ‫عل‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫تلعبه‬ ‫الخارج‬ ‫الصعيد‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ي‬ ‫معين‬ ً‫ا‬ ‫ر‬‫دو‬ ‫دولة‬ ‫فلكل‬ . ‫يتناسب‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النسق‬ ‫في‬ ً‫ا‬ ‫النسق‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫في‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫ومكانة‬ ، ‫التي‬ ‫المجتمعية‬‫و‬ ‫المادية‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫المتغي‬ ‫من‬ ‫مجموعة‬ ‫هناك‬ ‫أن‬ ‫كما‬ ‫المساحة‬‫و‬ ‫بالموقع‬ ‫متمثلة‬ ‫افية‬ ‫ر‬‫الجغ‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫المتغي‬ ‫منها‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫به‬ ‫تقوم‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫في‬ ‫تؤثر‬ ‫أن‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫العمق‬ ‫اجد‬‫و‬‫وت‬ ‫اتيجي‬ ‫ر‬‫الست‬ ، ‫المتغي‬‫و‬ ‫االقتصادية‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫الم‬‫و‬ ‫ثقافية‬ ‫قيم‬ ‫من‬ ‫تمثله‬ ‫بما‬ ‫المجتمعية‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫دور‬ ‫في‬ ‫تؤثر‬ ‫قد‬ ‫وبالتالي‬ ‫العام‬ ‫أي‬ ‫ر‬‫ال‬ ‫تكوين‬ ‫في‬ ‫تؤثر‬ ‫يخية‬‫ر‬‫تا‬ ‫وتجارب‬ ‫اجتمابية‬ ‫وتقاليد‬ ، ‫بها‬ ‫تتمتع‬ ‫التي‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫من‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫ينطلق‬ ‫لذا‬ . ‫المرسوم‬ ‫أو‬ ‫له‬ ‫المخطو‬ ‫االتجاه‬ ‫في‬ ‫ها‬ ‫دور‬ ‫ثم‬ ‫ومن‬ ‫الدولة‬ ، . ‫لها‬ ‫النتيجة‬ ‫هو‬ ‫أي‬ ‫ا‬ : ً‫ثانيا‬ : ‫لوظيفة‬ ‫يقدر‬ ‫ما‬ ‫أو‬ ‫يومي‬ ‫عمل‬ ‫من‬ ‫االنسان‬ ‫به‬ ‫يقوم‬ ‫ما‬ ‫يعني‬ ‫بية‬‫ر‬‫الع‬ ‫اللغة‬ ‫في‬ ‫الوظيفة‬ ‫مصطلح‬ ‫إن‬ ‫طعام‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ق‬‫رز‬ ‫من‬ ‫يوم‬ ‫كل‬ ‫في‬ ‫لإلنسان‬ ، ‫اتب‬ ‫ر‬ ‫مقابل‬ ‫العمل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫المنصب‬ ‫أي‬ ‫وظائف‬ ‫وجمعها‬ ( 12 ) , ‫بالشيء‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ز‬‫االلت‬ ‫وتعني‬ ‫وظف‬ ً‫أيضا‬ ‫يقال‬ ‫وقد‬ ‫ووظف‬ ‫نفسه‬ ‫على‬ ‫الشيء‬ ‫وظف‬ ً‫مثال‬ ‫فيقال‬ ‫ت‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫إياه‬ ‫الزمها‬ ‫بمعنى‬ ‫أي‬ ً‫وظيفا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ز‬‫االلت‬ ‫هما‬ ‫اللغة‬ ‫في‬ ‫معنيين‬ ‫المصطلح‬ ‫لهذا‬ ‫أن‬ ‫نجد‬ ‫هنا‬ ‫التقدير‬‫و‬ ( 13 ) . ‫وذلك‬ ً‫أيضا‬ ‫السياسي‬ ‫االجتماع‬ ‫علم‬ ‫اوية‬ ‫ز‬ ‫من‬ ‫الوظيفة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬‫فنظر‬ ‫الجيوبولتكس‬ ‫علماء‬ ‫أما‬ ‫الحي‬ ‫بالكائن‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫مفهوم‬ ‫بطهم‬‫ر‬‫ل‬ ‫يقر‬ ‫حيث‬ ,‫به‬ ‫مناطة‬ ‫معينة‬ ‫وظيفة‬ ‫يؤدي‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫عالم‬ ‫ن‬ ( "‫اتزل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫يك‬‫ر‬‫"فرد‬ ‫االلماني‬ ‫الجيوبولتكس‬ 1844 - 1904 ً‫وثيقا‬ ً‫بطا‬‫ر‬ ‫الحي‬ ‫الكائن‬‫و‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫بين‬ ) ‫بالكائ‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫شبه‬ ‫فقد‬ ‫لها‬ ‫أن‬‫و‬ ‫الحي‬ ‫ن‬ ‫مماثلة‬ ‫وظيفة‬ ‫قعتها‬‫ر‬ ‫وتوسيع‬ ‫النمو‬ ‫حيث‬ ‫من‬ ‫له‬ ، ‫كذلك‬ ( "‫"كيلن‬ ‫السويدي‬ ‫للباحث‬ ‫بالنسبة‬ ‫الحال‬ 1864 - 1922 ‫الحي‬ ‫بالكائن‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫وصف‬ ‫الذي‬ ) ‫الذي‬ ‫يؤديها‬ ‫وظائف‬ ‫عدة‬ ‫له‬ ، ‫جسمها‬ ‫بمثابة‬ ‫هي‬ ‫كيلن‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫بالنسبة‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫فأرض‬ ، ‫المركز‬‫و‬ ‫العاصمة‬‫و‬ ‫ئتاها‬‫ر‬‫و‬ ‫قلبها‬ ‫هما‬ ‫ي‬ ‫اإلدار‬ ، ,‫ايين‬ ‫ر‬‫الش‬‫و‬ ‫األوردة‬ ‫بمثابة‬ ‫فهما‬ ‫الحديدية‬ ‫السكك‬‫و‬ ‫ق‬‫الطر‬‫و‬ ‫األنهر‬ ‫أما‬ ‫وظائفها‬ ‫تؤدي‬ ‫الجسم‬ ‫لهذا‬ ‫اف‬ ‫ر‬‫أط‬ ‫كلها‬ ‫متناس‬ ً‫كال‬ ‫النهاية‬ ‫في‬ ‫يصبح‬ ‫شكل‬ ‫في‬ ً‫ا‬‫ق‬ ( 14 ) .
  • 6. Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171 148 ‫مصالح‬ ‫مصالح‬ ‫لخدمة‬ ‫معينة‬ ‫دولة‬ ‫مكانة‬ ‫توظيف‬ ‫فيمكن‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫العالقات‬ ‫مجال‬ ‫في‬ ‫أما‬ ‫األولى‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫موقع‬ ‫من‬ ً‫انطالقا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫أخر‬ ‫دولة‬ ، ‫وظفت‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫إن‬ ‫المثال‬ ‫سبيل‬ ‫فعلى‬ ‫مصالحها‬ ‫خدمة‬ ‫في‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫من‬ ‫العديد‬ ، ‫يق‬‫ر‬‫ط‬ ‫عن‬ ‫أما‬ ‫وذلك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اللوجستي‬ ‫الدعم‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫تقدمه‬ ‫لذي‬ ‫لل‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫شكل‬ ‫في‬ ‫أرضيها‬ ‫على‬ ‫الفعلي‬ ‫يكي‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫ي‬ ‫العسكر‬ ‫اجد‬‫و‬‫الت‬ ‫يق‬‫ر‬‫ط‬ ‫عن‬ ‫أو‬ ,‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬ ‫الوسطى‬ ‫آسيا‬ ‫ودول‬ ‫وتركيا‬ ‫بي‬‫ر‬‫الع‬ ‫الخليج‬ ‫دول‬ ‫منها‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫على‬ ‫عديدة‬ ‫األمثلة‬‫و‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫عسك‬ ‫اعد‬‫و‬‫ق‬ . ً‫مستقبال‬ ‫اق‬ ‫ر‬‫الع‬ ‫بما‬‫ر‬‫و‬ ‫بية‬‫ر‬‫األو‬ ‫الدول‬ ‫وبعض‬ ‫اليابان‬‫و‬ ‫ثا‬ ‫لث‬ ً‫ا‬ : ‫المركز‬ : ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫كل‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫تع‬ ً‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫لغو‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫الع‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫اإلقا‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫م‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫الم‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫ةدائ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫و‬ ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫مر‬ ، ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫وجمع‬ ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ا‬ ‫ر‬‫م‬ ، ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫المر‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةوب‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫المن‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫المو‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ف‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫المر‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫أ‬ ، ‫ةنص‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬ ‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ظ‬‫ن‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ز‬‫المرك‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫أ‬ ‫فئة‬ ‫أو‬ ‫شخص‬ ‫يد‬ ‫في‬ ‫ما‬ ‫لبلد‬ ‫العامة‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫اإلدا‬ ‫حصر‬ ‫على‬ ( 15 ) . ‫ةنال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫العال‬ ‫ةعيد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫أ‬ ‫هي‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫تأك‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةعى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ت‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫دو‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬ ‫ةأن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬ ‫حظ‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫بت‬ ‫و‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ومركز‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ام‬ ‫ر‬‫احت‬ ، ‫ةأثير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫لل‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫الجذ‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫التغي‬ ‫ةض‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ب‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةدول‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةأ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫تل‬ ‫ةذا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫دور‬ ‫ةالي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫وبال‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫مركز‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةزز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ي‬ ‫ةذي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةاه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫وباالت‬ ‫ةتقبلية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الم‬ ‫ةاعها‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫أو‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫و‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫إلي‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ةعى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ت‬ ) ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ز‬‫(مرك‬ ً‫ةدافا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫أ‬ ‫ةاك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫ه‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ك‬ ,‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ط‬‫تب‬‫ر‬‫الم‬ ‫ةداف‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫األ‬ ‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ت‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ةان‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫بك‬ ، ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ةاليف‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫الت‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫كا‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫مه‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫دائ‬ ‫ةفة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ب‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫اعات‬ ‫ر‬‫م‬ ‫ةب‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫ل‬ ، ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫عن‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫يع‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬‫و‬ " ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الخارج‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬ ‫ةادة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫بم‬ " ً‫ةادة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ، ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫للدو‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫اإلقليم‬ ‫ةالمة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫حما‬ ‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ذ‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫أمث‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫و‬ ، ‫أو‬ ‫ةادها‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫القت‬ ‫ةية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫أسا‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ب‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫طبيع‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫ةيط‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬ ‫ةمان‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬ ، ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫حما‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫أ‬ ‫حليف‬ ‫أساسي‬ ( 16 ) . ‫الدو‬ ‫ةعي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫اإلقليم‬ ‫ةادة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫للق‬ ‫ةعيها‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫المتم‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫المر‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫خارج‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫سيا‬ ‫ةاع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫إت‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫تمكن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةائص‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫الخ‬‫و‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ال‬ ‫ةتالك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ا‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫من‬ ‫ةب‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫يتط‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةايا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫الق‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ظ‬‫مع‬ ‫ةاه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫ت‬ ‫ةيطة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ن‬ ، ‫ةاحة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫كالم‬ ، ‫ةكان‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬‫و‬ ، ‫ةادية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫االقت‬ ‫ارد‬‫و‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الع‬‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫التكنولوج‬‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ( 17 ) ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫مر‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ال‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ك‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ال‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ةغله‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ت‬ ‫ةذي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ةب‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ط‬‫الق‬ ‫اليوم‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ، .‫يب‬‫ر‬‫الق‬ ‫المستقبلي‬ ‫المستوى‬ ‫على‬ ‫الصين‬ ‫بما‬‫ر‬ ‫أو‬ : ‫النفوذ‬ : ً‫ابعا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ةلطة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ةأثير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫تع‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫ن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫كل‬ ‫ةأن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ً‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫لغو‬ ، ‫أي‬ ‫ةاكم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ال‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫ع‬ ‫ةذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫متن‬ ‫ةالن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫وي‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫عل‬ ‫ةأثير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫لد‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫بمع‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫أ‬ ‫ر‬‫ب‬ ‫ةذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫خ‬‫يؤ‬ ‫أو‬ ( 18 ) ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫العال‬ ‫ةعيد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫أ‬ ‫ةث‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ح‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫وحد‬ ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫لمر‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الخارج‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬ ‫ةانع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬ ‫ةور‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ت‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬ ‫ةرف‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ين‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ، ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫بن‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫في‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةدة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫الو‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫تتم‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ئي‬‫ر‬‫ال‬ ‫ةاالت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫للم‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ر‬‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ت‬ ‫ةذلك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ويق‬ ،
  • 7. Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171 149 ‫ةانع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬ ‫ةور‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫يت‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ف‬ .‫ةدة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫الو‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ب‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫تتم‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫ودر‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫الم‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الخارج‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬ ‫ةدور‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ئي‬‫ر‬‫ال‬ ‫ةالمي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬ ‫ةتوى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الم‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫اإلقلي‬ ‫ةتوى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الم‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ه‬ ، ً‫ا‬ ‫ر‬‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ت‬ ‫ةدم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ي‬ ‫ةتوى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫م‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫و‬ ‫المتوقعة‬ ‫النفوذ‬ ‫لدرجة‬ ( 19 ) . ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫خ‬‫تت‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫كا‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬ ‫ةكال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫أ‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫وه‬ ‫ألول‬ ‫و‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬ ‫ةح‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫سيت‬ ‫يخ‬‫ر‬‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ن‬‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ط‬‫ب‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫غ‬‫المتغل‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ةتخدامها‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ةوة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ط‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ةابق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬ ، ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫اال‬ ‫ةدول‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫فا‬ ً‫ةابقا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫عما‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ل‬ ‫ةث‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫تب‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫كا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ةاطق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫م‬ ‫أم‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يق‬‫ر‬‫أف‬ ‫أم‬ ‫ةيا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫آ‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫أكا‬ ‫اء‬‫و‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫احتلت‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫ةتعم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫بالم‬ ‫ةدة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫متج‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الالتين‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫أم‬ ، ‫ةوة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ط‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ةتم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬ ‫ةان‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬ ‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ذ‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ف‬ ، ‫ال‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ممار‬ ‫ةأن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةوم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ال‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫أ‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ب‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫التهد‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ةوة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ط‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫اه‬ ‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫إ‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫لممار‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫ةرو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫بال‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫تح‬ ، ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةبح‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫أ‬‫و‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الكث‬ " ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫أ‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫يط‬ ‫ةان‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫األح‬ ‫ةأثير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ن‬‫ةدو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ي‬ ‫ةؤلفين‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ال‬ ‫ةض‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ب‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ " ‫ةأثير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬ ‫ةخص‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةأثير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫لل‬ ‫ةدية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ق‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ممار‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ح‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫عموم‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ث‬‫أك‬ ً‫ةطلحا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫م‬ ‫معين‬ ( 20 ) . ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫تتم‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫كا‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫بأ‬ ‫ةول‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫فيمكن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫بالمكا‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫عال‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫أ‬ ‫اتيجية‬ ‫ر‬‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫إ‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫بمكا‬ ‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫ن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ممار‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ث‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫يؤهل‬ ‫ةذا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةأن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫في‬ ‫ةدة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫المت‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫المنط‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ال‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ك‬ ً‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫عالم‬ ‫أو‬ ً‫ةثال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫ر‬‫الع‬ ‫ةيج‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الخ‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫إ‬ ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫كن‬ ً‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫إقليم‬ ‫ةان‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫أ‬ ‫اء‬‫و‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬ . ‫يكية‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ج‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫ةين‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫وثي‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫عال‬ ‫ةاك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫ه‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةدم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةص‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫خ‬‫نل‬ ، ‫ةطلحات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫الم‬‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫خ‬‫األ‬ ‫ةدور‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ( ‫ةلة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ل‬ ، ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الوظي‬ ، ‫المر‬ ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬ ، ‫ى‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫خ‬‫أ‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ج‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ) ‫ةوذ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫الن‬ ، ‫ةادل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫مت‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ث‬‫أ‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫تفاعل‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫عال‬ ‫ةمن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬ ‫ن‬‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ت‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫بين‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫العال‬ ‫ةداخل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ت‬ ً‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫احيا‬‫و‬ ، ‫ةير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ي‬ ‫ةدور‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةأن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫وموقع‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫مكا‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ت‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫كا‬ ‫ةإذا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ت‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ةادر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ال‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫الفا‬ ‫ةلوك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةذا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ، ‫اك‬ ‫ر‬‫إد‬ ‫ةمن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫يت‬ ‫ةذي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ةناع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬ ‫ةطة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫األن‬‫و‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫ا‬ ‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫تحد‬ ‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ذ‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ب‬ ‫ةتم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ل‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ظ‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةداهم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ب‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫لم‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ب‬ ‫ةوم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫غ‬‫ينب‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ار‬‫و‬‫ةلد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫و‬ ‫ةدانهم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫لب‬ ‫ةبة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫المنا‬ ‫ةال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫األع‬‫و‬ ‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫األح‬‫و‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ا‬ ‫ز‬‫االلت‬‫و‬ ‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ثاب‬ ‫ةس‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫أ‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫اإلقلي‬ ‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ظ‬‫الن‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ظ‬ ، ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ث‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫و‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫فكل‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫الدو‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫امتل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الماد‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫المقو‬ ‫ةية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬‫و‬ ‫ةادية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫االقت‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الع‬ ‫ةالقوة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫المتمث‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫المعنو‬ ‫ةوف‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫ةذه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةأن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ث‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫و‬ ‫ةدول‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫بق‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫متم‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫مكا‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫امتل‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫كل‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الجيوبوليتك‬‫و‬ . ‫بعد‬ ‫لتصل‬ ‫بها‬ ‫تتمتع‬ ‫التي‬ ‫المكانة‬‫و‬ ‫يتناسب‬ ‫بدور‬ ‫للقيام‬ ‫الدولة‬ ‫توظفها‬ ‫المرك‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫ز‬ ‫و‬ ‫وبمكانتها‬ ‫اتها‬ ‫ر‬‫بقد‬ ‫يليق‬ ‫تم‬ ‫بالتالي‬ ً‫ا‬‫عالمي‬ ‫أو‬ ً‫إقليميا‬ ‫نفوذها‬ ‫ارس‬ . . ‫اليوم‬ ‫عالم‬ ‫في‬ ‫يكية‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫على‬ ‫ينطبق‬ ‫ما‬ ‫وهذا‬ ‫األمريكية‬ ‫الحضارية‬‫و‬ ‫السياسية‬ ‫المقومات‬ : ‫الثالث‬ ‫المطلب‬
  • 8. Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171 150 ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫ةيط‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ال‬ ‫ةار‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫االخت‬ ( ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫كتا‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ " ‫ةكي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫يجين‬‫ر‬‫"ب‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫يؤ‬ ) ‫ةالم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬ ‫ةادة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ق‬ ‫أم‬ ‫ةالم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬ ‫ةع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬" : ً‫ةائال‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬ ‫ين‬‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫الع‬‫و‬ ‫ةادي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫ال‬ ‫ن‬‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫بدا‬ ، ‫ةداها‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةث‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ح‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫أم‬ ‫ةوة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ل‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫مث‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫ا‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫ن‬ ‫ةالمي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬ ‫ةعيد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫ال‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ةكر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الع‬ ، ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫إ‬ ‫ةبة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫بالن‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ألم‬ ‫ةادي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫االقت‬ ‫ةاا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫الن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ومحو‬ ‫ةالمي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬ ‫ةاد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫االقت‬ ‫ةحة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬ ، ‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يك‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫التكنولوج‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫للدينام‬ ‫ةداعي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫اإل‬ ‫ةأثير‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ةث‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ح‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةض‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫الم‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫للثقا‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫العالم‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الجاذب‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫األو‬ ‫ةددة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫المت‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يك‬‫ر‬‫أم‬ ، ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫العنا‬ ‫ةذه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةرت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫و‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫و‬ ُ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫نظ‬ ‫ال‬ ً‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫عالم‬ ً‫ةيا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫سيا‬ ً‫ةوذا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫ن‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ألم‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫كل‬ ، ‫ال‬‫و‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫األ‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫كا‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫أم‬ ‫ةبحت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫أ‬‫و‬ ‫العالمي‬ ‫اإليقاع‬ ‫ضابو‬ ‫المنظور‬ ‫المدى‬ ‫على‬ ‫لها‬ ‫منافس‬ ‫وما‬ " ( 21 ) . ‫ةوم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ت‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يك‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫مكانت‬ ‫ةز‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ز‬‫وتع‬ ‫ةالح‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫الم‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ب‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫لعالم‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫ل‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫يح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ةدول‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةاقي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫متفو‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫الن‬ ‫ةرم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫عم‬ ‫وتز‬ ‫ةالم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬ ‫ةادة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ق‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةادة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫ال‬ ، ‫ةالفكر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ,‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ئ‬‫القا‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫أم‬ ‫ان‬‫و‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫سيا‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ئ‬‫قا‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬ ‫ةث‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫يب‬ ‫ةالم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫اتيجي‬ ‫ر‬‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫اال‬ ‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫ك‬ ‫ةالم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ال‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يك‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫ةدة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫المت‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ال‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ةيطرت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ف‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ . ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ر‬‫ةتق‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫اال‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫يع‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ر‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ةح‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫ا‬‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ظ‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫اتيجي‬ ‫ر‬‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫اال‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫مكان‬ ‫ةاء‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫لب‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫طوي‬ ً‫اطا‬‫و‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫أ‬ ‫ةت‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫قط‬ ‫ةدة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫المت‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ال‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الدول‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫الحا‬‫و‬ ‫ةب‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫يتنا‬ ‫ةين‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ع‬‫ب‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يخ‬‫ر‬‫تا‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫حق‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ل‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫جاع‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ، ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةين‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫م‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫وك‬ : ‫أدناه‬ ‫المخطو‬ ‫مقومات‬ ‫م‬ ‫الواليات‬ ‫كانة‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫على‬ ‫الهيمنة‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫المقومات‬ ‫العسكرية‬ ‫المقومات‬ ‫التكنولوجية‬ ‫المقومات‬ ‫االقتصادية‬ ‫المقو‬ ‫مات‬ ‫السياسية‬ ‫المقومات‬ ‫الحضارية‬ ( ‫مخطط‬ 1 ) ‫القوة‬ ‫لمقومات‬ ‫الباحث‬ ‫اعداد‬ ‫من‬ ‫اضي‬ ‫ر‬‫افت‬ ‫مخطو‬ ‫األميركية‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫العالمية‬ ‫الهيمنة‬ ‫لتحقيق‬ ‫الدو‬ ‫السياسة‬ ‫كتب‬ ‫على‬ ‫باالعتماد‬ ‫الدولي‬ . ‫امش‬‫و‬‫اله‬ ‫في‬ ‫استخدماها‬ ‫تم‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫العالقات‬‫و‬ ‫لة‬
  • 9. Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171 151 ‫ةغ‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬‫ين‬ ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫أ‬ ‫ةين‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ةك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ش‬ ‫ن‬‫دو‬ ‫ةف‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫بمخت‬ ‫ين‬‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫المف‬‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السا‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ةاوينهم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫ع‬ ‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬ ‫ةوم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ل‬ ‫ةدولي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ةام‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ظ‬‫الن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةدة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫المت‬ ‫ةات‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫ال‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫لمكا‬ ‫ةؤطر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫مو‬ ‫ةدرك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةاء‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫ب‬ ، ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةف‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫ن‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ول‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫المكا‬ ‫اك‬ ‫ر‬‫اد‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬ ‫ةعفنا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫ت‬ ‫ةبة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬‫خ‬ ‫ةية‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬‫أر‬ ، ‫ةا‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫خالل‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةرك‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ح‬‫تت‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ت‬‫ال‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫الكيت‬‫و‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫األل‬ ‫ةم‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫وف‬ ‫السياسي‬ ‫البعد‬ ‫على‬ ‫التركيز‬ ‫من‬ ‫لنا‬ ‫البد‬ ‫ها‬ ‫وتفسير‬ - ‫ي‬ ‫الحضار‬ . ( 22 ) ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ب‬‫ر‬‫للتج‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يخ‬‫ر‬‫التا‬ ‫ادة‬ ‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫ال‬ ‫ةوء‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ض‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ف‬‫ف‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫ي‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬ ‫ةاء‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ن‬‫الب‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ةد‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫ن‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ي‬‫يك‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ةة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ق‬‫بد‬ ‫ةه‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ونق‬ ‫ةي‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫السيا‬ ‫ةر‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫الف‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫وب‬ ‫ةناعة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ص‬ ‫ةى‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ل‬‫ع‬ ‫ةل‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬‫تع‬ ‫ةقة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫س‬‫متنا‬ ‫ةاميع‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ج‬‫م‬ ‫ةن‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫م‬ ‫ن‬‫ةو‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ة‬‫ك‬‫مت‬ ‫الملموس‬ ‫العملي‬ ‫اقعه‬‫و‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫ي‬ ‫النظر‬ ‫مفهومه‬ ، : ‫ادناه‬ ‫المخطو‬ ‫يوضحه‬ ‫ما‬ ‫وحسب‬ ‫نجا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ولعلنا‬ ‫دل‬ ‫تطلع‬ ‫بدايات‬ ‫أولى‬ ‫إن‬ ‫بالقول‬ ‫الحقيقة‬ ‫في‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫ذا‬ ‫كانت‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫الساحة‬ ‫لدخول‬ ‫يكي‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫اب‬ ‫ر‬‫االقت‬ ‫كان‬ ‫إذ‬ ,‫المبشر‬‫و‬ ‫التاجر‬ ‫على‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫مقصو‬ ‫ي‬ ‫حضار‬ ‫اعتمدت‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫إن‬ ‫عن‬ ً‫فضال‬ ,‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫بية‬‫ر‬‫األو‬ ‫القوى‬ ‫لمكانة‬ ‫وحذر‬ ‫اضع‬‫و‬‫مت‬ ‫ال‬ ‫لبناء‬ ‫لة‬‫ز‬‫الع‬ ‫مبدأ‬ ‫الت‬ ‫ن‬‫دو‬ ,‫الجديد‬ ‫العالم‬ ‫على‬ ‫الهيمنة‬‫و‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫القديم‬ ‫بالعالم‬ ‫ورا‬ ، ‫عة‬ ‫بالنز‬ ‫االكتفاء‬‫و‬ . ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫التبشي‬ ‫صناع‬ ‫السياسة‬ ‫منظري‬ ‫السياسة‬ ‫مؤولين‬ ‫ا‬ ‫لسياسة‬ ‫السياسية‬ ‫األمريكية‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫مقومات‬ – ‫الحضارية‬ ‫الح‬ ‫السياسي‬ ‫راك‬ - ‫األمريكي‬ ‫الحضاري‬ ‫العالمي‬ ‫األمريكي‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫بناء‬ ( ‫مخطط‬ 2 ) ‫السياسية‬ ‫األمريكية‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫مقومات‬ ‫الباحث‬ ‫تصميم‬ ‫من‬ ‫افتراضي‬ ‫مخطط‬ - ‫الحضارية‬ ‫مروجي‬ ‫السياسة‬ ‫دعاة‬ ‫السياسة‬
  • 10. Journal of Al-Frahedis Arts – Vol (1) Number (22) (2015) 143-171 152 ‫أخذت‬ ‫حتى‬ ,‫التغيير‬ ‫امة‬‫و‬‫د‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫ودخول‬ " ‫األولى‬ ‫العالمية‬ ‫الحرب‬ " ‫اندلعت‬ ‫إن‬ ‫وما‬ ‫السياسي‬ ‫البعد‬‫و‬ ‫ي‬ ‫الحضار‬ ‫البعد‬ ‫بين‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ، ‫السياس‬ ‫االنفتاح‬ ‫مرحلة‬ ‫وبدت‬ ‫العالم‬ ‫على‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ ‫وعرضت‬ ‫القديم‬ ‫ل‬ ‫كحامل‬ ‫فسها‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ز‬‫مي‬ ، ‫للقوى‬ ‫المشارك‬ ‫الصديق‬ ‫نفسها‬ ‫طارحة‬ ‫الدولية‬ ، ‫ذاته‬ ‫الوقت‬ ‫في‬ ‫العالم‬ ‫في‬ ‫التحرر‬ ‫لحركات‬ ‫الداعم‬ ‫المنقذ‬ ‫العادل‬‫و‬ ، ‫وجدنا‬ ‫اللحظة‬ ‫تلك‬ ‫ومن‬ ‫الف‬ ‫اقتناص‬‫و‬ ‫الحذر‬ ‫السير‬ ‫سياسة‬ ‫لتستمر‬ ,‫المعايير‬ ‫مزدوجة‬ ‫يكية‬‫ر‬‫األم‬ ‫السياسة‬ ‫اتيجية‬ ‫ر‬‫اإلست‬ ‫رص‬ ‫إ‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫لبناء‬ . ‫الثانية‬ ‫العالمية‬ ‫الحرب‬ ‫لى‬ ‫القوى‬ ‫نجم‬ ‫افول‬ ‫ليعلن‬ " ‫الثانية‬ ‫العالمية‬ ‫الحرب‬ " ‫نهاية‬ ‫عن‬ ‫الناتج‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫التغيير‬ ‫إلى‬ ً‫ال‬ ‫و‬‫وص‬ ,‫السوفيتي‬ ‫االتحاد‬‫و‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ )‫الثنائية‬ ‫القطبية‬ ‫(نظام‬ ‫وبروز‬ )‫القوى‬ ‫ن‬‫از‬‫و‬‫ت‬ ‫(نظام‬ ‫بية‬‫ر‬‫األو‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ال‬ ‫و‬‫لل‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫في‬ ‫نوبية‬ ‫نقلة‬ ‫ن‬‫تكو‬ ‫العامل‬ ‫بدا‬ ‫حتى‬ ,‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫يات‬ ‫السياسي‬ ‫العامل‬ ‫لحساب‬ ‫يقل‬ ‫ي‬ ‫الحضار‬ ، ‫المكانة‬ ‫عن‬ ً‫بحثا‬ ‫الباردة‬ ‫الحرب‬ ‫امة‬‫و‬‫د‬ ‫العالم‬ ‫ليدخل‬ ‫الدولية‬ ، ‫العالم‬ ‫السياسي‬ ‫المشهد‬ ‫على‬ ‫لتهيمن‬ ‫اتيجية‬ ‫ر‬‫اإلست‬ ‫التالفات‬‫و‬ ‫التحالفات‬ ‫سياسة‬ ‫فظهرت‬ ‫ي‬ ‫(ال‬ ‫اإليديولوجي‬ ‫اع‬ ‫ر‬‫الص‬ ‫صيت‬ ‫ذاع‬ ‫إن‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫الية‬ ‫ر‬‫ليب‬ – . )‫الشيوبية‬ ‫شهده‬ ‫ما‬ ‫إن‬ ‫بيد‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫بالمكانة‬ ‫يسمى‬ ‫ما‬ ‫تحقق‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الكيتية‬ ‫او‬ ‫اإللية‬ ‫فهم‬ ‫الصعب‬ ‫لمن‬ ‫انه‬ ‫ين‬‫ر‬‫المنظ‬ ‫من‬ ‫الكثير‬ ‫قبل‬ ‫من‬ ‫محسوب‬ ‫غير‬ ‫كان‬ ‫مدهش‬ ‫تغيير‬ ‫من‬ ‫العالم‬ ، ‫انهيار‬ ‫أعلن‬ ‫الذي‬‫و‬ ‫السوفيتي‬ ‫اإلتحاد‬ ، ‫ونهاية‬ ‫الحرب‬ ‫ال‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫الدة‬ ‫و‬‫و‬ ,‫الباردة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫مكانة‬ ‫عزز‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫جديد‬ ‫دوليا‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ( 23 ) ‫يجد‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫لمكانة‬ ‫المتتبع‬ ‫الباحث‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫الموضو‬ ‫في‬ ‫يب‬‫ر‬‫الغ‬‫و‬ ‫لصالحها‬ ‫يصب‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫في‬ ‫يحدث‬ ‫تغيير‬ ‫كل‬ ‫إن‬ ، ‫اد‬ ‫ر‬‫انف‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬‫الم‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫التغيير‬ ‫ليعلن‬ ‫الو‬ ‫متوجها‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫الساحة‬ ‫في‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫مرحلة‬ ‫العالم‬ ‫دخول‬ ‫ومع‬ .‫العالمي‬ ‫الي‬ ‫ر‬‫اللب‬ ‫للنظام‬ ‫قائد‬ ‫ي‬ ‫الحضار‬ ‫البعد‬ ‫بتغليب‬ ‫المعادلة‬ ‫تقلب‬ ‫الخالقة‬ ‫الفوضى‬ ‫من‬ ‫ع‬ ‫نو‬ ‫ليسود‬ ‫األدائي‬‫و‬ ‫ي‬ ‫الفكر‬ ‫باك‬‫ر‬‫اال‬ ‫السياسي‬ ‫البعد‬ ‫على‬ ، ‫أحداث‬ ‫ن‬‫لتكو‬ )‫األديان‬ ‫(حروب‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫الحضا‬ ‫صدام‬ ‫شعار‬ ‫فع‬‫ر‬‫لت‬ 11 ‫أيلو‬ ‫ل‬ 2001 ‫الق‬ ‫صناع‬ ‫مدركات‬ ‫غيرت‬ ‫التي‬ ‫الصدمة‬ . ‫الدولي‬ ‫المجتمع‬ ‫في‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ر‬ ‫المتماثل‬ ‫غير‬ ‫الصدام‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫نقلت‬ ‫المكانة‬ ‫لتلك‬ ً‫إتماما‬‫و‬ ‫مضى‬ ‫ما‬ ‫مع‬ ً‫تناسقا‬ ‫الصدام‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫فاتحة‬ ‫اق‬ ‫ر‬‫الع‬ ‫ن‬‫ليكو‬ ‫األممية‬ ‫و‬ ‫القومية‬ ‫األنظمة‬ ‫مع‬ ‫الصدام‬ ‫إلى‬ "‫هاب‬ ‫"اإلر‬ ‫مع‬ ‫عام‬ 2003 ، ‫عد‬ ‫إن‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫األن‬ ‫تلك‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ‫مهددات‬ ‫من‬ ‫ظمة‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫ادة‬ ‫ر‬‫اإل‬ ‫لتتفق‬ . ‫لجديد‬ ‫مع‬ ‫يتفق‬ ‫وما‬ ‫السياسية‬ ‫النظم‬ ‫لتتغير‬ )‫الشعوب‬ ‫ادات‬ ‫ر‬‫(أ‬ ‫الوطنية‬ ‫ادات‬ ‫ر‬‫اإل‬ ‫مع‬ )‫المهيمن‬ ‫القوي‬ ‫ادة‬ ‫ر‬‫(إ‬ ‫عة‬ ‫النز‬ ‫الي‬ ‫ر‬‫لب‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫النظام‬ ، ‫الهرم‬ ‫قمة‬ ‫على‬ ‫ممكنة‬ ‫حقبة‬ ‫أطول‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫بقاء‬ ‫يضمن‬ ‫مما‬ ‫السيا‬ ‫الخا‬ ‫السياسة‬ ‫صناع‬ ‫دمج‬ ‫أن‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫العالمي‬ ‫سي‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫ونظ‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ر‬‫الحضا‬ ‫صدام‬ ‫ية‬‫ر‬‫نظ‬ ‫بين‬ ‫جية‬ ‫ر‬ ‫يخ‬‫ر‬‫التا‬ ‫نهاية‬ ، . ‫الدولية‬ ‫الفوضى‬ ‫تعم‬ ‫وبدونها‬ ‫العالم‬ ‫في‬ ‫مهيمنة‬ ‫قوة‬ ‫أخر‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫اليات‬ ‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ن‬‫لتكو‬