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The Road to Cali
Dr. Aleksandar Rankovic
Lecturer at Sciences Po
18 March 2024 - CO-OP4CBD Regional Training for Central and Eastern European Countries
Three phases in developing international instruments on biodiversity
(Jardin, 2010):
• Sectoral approach (70s):
• World Heritage Convention (1972)
• Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar,
1971)
• UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves (1972)
• Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of
Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, 1973)
• Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild
Animals (CMS, 1983)
• Generic approach (90s):
• Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD, 1992)
• Science-policy interaction (2000s):
• IPBES (launched in 2012)
• One of the three conventions adopted at the Rio Earth
Summit of 1992 (“Rio Conventions”, with climate and
desertification)
• Three main objectives (Art. 1):
• the conservation of biological diversity;
• the sustainable use of its components; and
• the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising
out of the utilization of genetic resources.
• Art. 2:
"Biological diversity" means the variability among living
organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial,
marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological
complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity
within species, between species and of ecosystems.
• E.g., “nature” and its diversity – life on Earth.
Next... 2030? 
Next... 2030? 
Strategic Plan 2002-2010
Strategic Plan 2011-2020
Post-2020 framework, COP15!
Next... 2030? 
Strategic Plan 2002-2010
Strategic Plan 2011-2020
Post-2020 framework, COP15!
“Responsibility dilemma” (Billé et al.
2010)
Those who are the most responsible
for biodiversity loss are the least
accountable; those who are the least
responsible are the most
accountable.
 Optical illusion on “who is
failing”
“A framework for all” / mainstreaming
Mobilization
Transparency and responsibility
Means of implementation
Targets
COP15 “package” (non-exhaustive!)
• Decision 15/4: Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework
• Decision 15/5: Monitoring framework for the Kunming-Montreal Global
Biodiversity Framework
• Decision 15/6: Mechanisms for planning, monitoring, reporting and review
• Decision 15/7: Resource mobilization
• Decision 15/8: Capacity-building and development and technical and
scientific cooperation
• Decision 15/9: Digital sequence information on genetic resources
Mobilization
Transparency and responsibility
Means of implementation
Targets
Global analysis of NBSAPs
Unlocking finance
New coalitions?
Finishing the
monitoring
framework
At COP16
Managing our expectations, and giving support 
THANK YOU!
aleksandar.rankovic@sciencespo.fr
Twitter: @AleksRankovic

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The Road to Cali. Dr. Aleksandar Rankovic

  • 1. The Road to Cali Dr. Aleksandar Rankovic Lecturer at Sciences Po 18 March 2024 - CO-OP4CBD Regional Training for Central and Eastern European Countries
  • 2.
  • 3. Three phases in developing international instruments on biodiversity (Jardin, 2010): • Sectoral approach (70s): • World Heritage Convention (1972) • Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar, 1971) • UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves (1972) • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, 1973) • Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS, 1983) • Generic approach (90s): • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD, 1992) • Science-policy interaction (2000s): • IPBES (launched in 2012)
  • 4. • One of the three conventions adopted at the Rio Earth Summit of 1992 (“Rio Conventions”, with climate and desertification) • Three main objectives (Art. 1): • the conservation of biological diversity; • the sustainable use of its components; and • the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.
  • 5. • Art. 2: "Biological diversity" means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems. • E.g., “nature” and its diversity – life on Earth.
  • 7. Next... 2030?  Strategic Plan 2002-2010 Strategic Plan 2011-2020 Post-2020 framework, COP15!
  • 8. Next... 2030?  Strategic Plan 2002-2010 Strategic Plan 2011-2020 Post-2020 framework, COP15!
  • 9.
  • 10. “Responsibility dilemma” (Billé et al. 2010) Those who are the most responsible for biodiversity loss are the least accountable; those who are the least responsible are the most accountable.  Optical illusion on “who is failing”
  • 11.
  • 12. “A framework for all” / mainstreaming
  • 14. COP15 “package” (non-exhaustive!) • Decision 15/4: Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework • Decision 15/5: Monitoring framework for the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework • Decision 15/6: Mechanisms for planning, monitoring, reporting and review • Decision 15/7: Resource mobilization • Decision 15/8: Capacity-building and development and technical and scientific cooperation • Decision 15/9: Digital sequence information on genetic resources
  • 15. Mobilization Transparency and responsibility Means of implementation Targets Global analysis of NBSAPs Unlocking finance New coalitions? Finishing the monitoring framework At COP16
  • 16. Managing our expectations, and giving support 
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.