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The
Quantum
Computers
Are Coming! @blalasaadriAlasdair Collinson
Senior Software Developer at
Senacor Technologies
Mainly programs in Java and
JavaScript
Likes to play board games and
point & click adventures
Blah blah blah
blah blah blah blah blah blah
Boring stuff you don‘t care about
Some personal stuff so I look more
like one of you
Nerd!
Blah blah blah
blah blah blah blah blah blah
Boring stuff you don‘t care about
Some personal stuff so I look more
like one of you
quantum computers
NERDS
👍
👎
🤷
+
50:50
&
Can I haz
brainzzz?
Disclaimer!
_(ツ)_/¯
+ ≠
≠
|0⟩
|1⟩
|0⟩
|1⟩
|0⟩
|ψ⟩
|1⟩
XZ
|0⟩
X
|1⟩
Z
Y
Hadamard
XZ
|0⟩
X
|1⟩
Z
Y
Hadamard
quantum
superposition
X
|0⟩
X
|1⟩
Z
Y
X
|0⟩
X
|1⟩
Z
Y
„Not“
around X axis
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
Conditional
NOT
(CNOT)
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
Conditional
NOT
(CNOT)
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
Conditional
NOT
(CNOT)
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
quantum entanglement
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
X
Y
Z
|0⟩
|1⟩
Hadamard: H
Controlled Not: CNOT
Pauli: X,Y, Z
Hadamard: H
Controlled Not: CNOT
Pauli: X,Y, Z
Hadamard: H
Controlled Not: CNOT
Identity: id
Pauli: X,Y, Z
Phase: S, S†, T, T†
Hadamard: H
Controlled Not: CNOT
Identity: id
Pauli: X,Y, Z
Phase: S, S†, T, T†
Hadamard: H
Controlled Not: CNOT
Identity: id
…
…
…
…
By running our algorithm on the cluster provided by
the Data Infrastructure and Search Technology
Division of the Alibaba Group, we simulated quantum
supremacy circuits of size 6 × 6 × 68, 7 × 7 × 53,
8×8×44, 9×9×40, 10×10×35, 11×11×31, and
12×12×27.
By running our algorithm on the cluster provided by
the Data Infrastructure and Search Technology
Division of the Alibaba Group, we simulated quantum
supremacy circuits of size 6 × 6 × 68, 7 × 7 × 53,
8×8×44, 9×9×40, 10×10×35, 11×11×31, and
12×12×27.
By running our algorithm on the cluster provided by
the Data Infrastructure and Search Technology
Division of the Alibaba Group, we simulated quantum
supremacy circuits of size 6 × 6 × 68, 7 × 7 × 53,
8×8×44, 9×9×40, 10×10×35, 11×11×31, and
12×12×27. We did this using 131,072 processors
By running our algorithm on the cluster provided by
the Data Infrastructure and Search Technology
Division of the Alibaba Group, we simulated quantum
supremacy circuits of size 6 × 6 × 68, 7 × 7 × 53,
8×8×44, 9×9×40, 10×10×35, 11×11×31, and
12×12×27.
and 1 petabyte of memory.
We did this using 131,072 processors
Jianxin Chen, Fang Zhang, Cupjin Huang, Michael Newman, and Yaoyun Shi.
„Classical Simulation of Intermediate-Size Quantum Circuits“,
submitted May 3rd, 2018, revised May 7th, 2018, arXiv:1805.01450
131,072 ⨉
76.0mm ⨉ 56.5mm
76.0mm ⨉ 131,072
≅ 10km
4 – 7 km/h
= 2 h
5 km/h ⨉ 10 km
1 petabyte
1,000 terabytes
1,000,000 gigabytes
1015 bytes
Use cases?
IBM
Quantum
Experience
🎵 🎵 🎵 🎵
Microsoft
Quantum
Development
Kit
+
+ +
+ +
+
or
use 4 qubits
use 4 qubits
give qubits helpful names
use 4 qubits
give qubits helpful names
initialize all qubits to |0⟩
use 4 qubits
give qubits helpful names
initialize all qubits to |0⟩
Clean up the workspace
use a quantum
simulator
use a quantum
simulator
run the experiment
use a quantum
simulator
run the experiment
did the cat survive?
Rigetti Forest
+
+ +
+ +
+
}
QISKit ACQUA
👍 👎
🤷
https://quantumexperience.ng.bluemix.net/
qx/experience
https://qiskit.org/ https://qiskit.org/acqua
https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/
quantum/development-kit
https://www.rigetti.com/forest
https://tinyurl.com/PythonHelloQuantum
Search for „Hello Quantum“
in the Apple App store
https://quantumcomputing.stackexchange.com/
Go forth and explore,
fellow nerds!
(and others)
@blalasaadri
Thank you
for listening!
Time for questions
@blalasaadri
@blalasaadri
* within our universe
No cats were
harmed in the making
of this presentation*.
Media sources
• Font „Shlop“ used in the title slide created by Ray Laraie, Typodermic Fonts Inc. and published under the „Desktop License“ at http://typodermicfonts.com/shlop/
• Image of Niels Bohr - The American Institute of Physics credits the photo to AB Lagrelius & Westphal, which is the Swedish company used by the Nobel Foundation for most photos of its
book series Les Prix Nobel. (Niels Bohr's Nobel Prize biography, from 1922) [Public domain], available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ANiels_Bohr.jpg
• Image of Karl Werner Heisenberg provided by the German Federal Archive under the CC-BY-SA 3.0 license, available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bundesarchiv_Bild183-
R57262,_Werner_Heisenberg.jpg
• Image of a “circuit board brain” published by pixabay user GDJ under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/anatomie-biologie-gehirn-gedanken-1751201/; this image was
adapted for the physics brain image
• Image of an atom used as a texture for the physics brain published by pixabay user Gorkhs under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/atom-logo-wissenschaft-1472657/
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https://www.flickr.com/photos/44080248@N03/4304580867/, cropped, shortened and slowed down by me
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https://www.flickr.com/photos/ibm_research_zurich/34662903516/in/album-72157680875401173/
• Imabe of a 7 qubit chip; Credit: Kandala et al.; Nature. Courtesy of InternationalBusiness Machines Corporation. Unauthorized use not permitted. Retrieved from https://www-
03.ibm.com/press/us/en/photo/53138.wss
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by me
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20072/
• Image of person walking provided by pixabay user PIX1861 under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/gehen-laufen-sportschuhe-schuhe-681304/
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• Image of atomic orbitals provided by pixabay user saylowe under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/orbitale-verkleben-atom-molek%C3%BCl-2146393/
• Image of HAL 9000 provided by pixabay user OpenClipart-Vectors under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/k%C3%BCnstliche-intelligenz-155161/
• Image of scattered numbers provided by pixabay user geralt under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/zahlen-ziffer-nummer-f%C3%BClle-z%C3%A4hlen-1036469/
• Image of the Nyhavn district of Copenhagen published by pixabay user skeeze under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/nyhavn-landkreis-wasser-reflexion-1119123/
• Tweet by Venkat Subramaniampublished on January 14th 2018 on Twitter, availableat https://twitter.com/venkat_s/status/952624222014074881
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• Tweet announcing QISKit ACQUA published on June 13th 2018 on Twitter, availableat https://twitter.com/qiskit/status/1006939405213368321
• Image of the Zuse Z3 in the ”Deutsches Museum München” provided by Venusianer at the Germanlanguage Wikipedia under the CC-BY-SA-3.0license, availableat
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AZ3_Deutsches_Museum.JPG
Image of Earth published by pixabay user qimono under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/welt-globus-erde-planeten-blau-1303628/
• Image of zeros and ones provided by pixabay user geralt under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/bin%C3%A4r-digitalisierung-null-eins-2007350/
• Image of transistors provided by pixabay user PublicDomainPictures under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/transistoren-transistor-218835/
• Image of a landscape provided by pixabay user Jaki0815 under the CC0, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/rotwandhaus-rotwand-alpen-mountains-975348/
• Image of Edwin Schrödinger provided by the Nobel foundation under public domain, via WikimediaCommons, availableat
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AErwin_Schr%C3%B6dinger_(1933).jpg
• Image of mathematicalsymbols published by pixabay user geralt under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/mathematik-zahlen-algebra-zeichen-1044091/
• Image of a computer, a tablet and a smartphone provided by pixabay user Maiconfz under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/computer-pc-tablette-telefon-1271863/
• Image of the Google Bristlecone quantum chip retrievedfrom https://research.googleblog.com/2018/03/a-preview-of-bristlecone-googles-new.html and property of Google Research.
All rights reserved.
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• Image of a computer monitor with a code symbol provided by pixabay user Krzysztof-m under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/programmierung-internet-webseite-
3173456/
• Image of the Star Trek Enterprise NCC-1701 provided by pixabay user Janson_G under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/raumschiff-modell-freigestellt-2749360/
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• Image of a CPU provided by pixabay user blickpixel under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/pins-cpu-prozessor-makro-stift-564775/
• All images of 3d figures provided by pixabay user 3dman_eu under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/users/3dman_eu-1553824/
• Image of a pointing hand provided by pixabay user OpenClipart-Vectors under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/sie-zeigefinger-hinweis-finger-151415/
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Licences used
• Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0
Unported (CC-BY-SA 3.0) available at
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-
sa/3.0/legalcode
• Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic
(CC BY 2.0) available at
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/legalcode
• Creative Commons CC0 (CC0) available at
https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/z
ero/1.0/legalcode
• Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.0
Generic (CC BY-ND 2.0) available at
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nd/2.0/legalcode
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• Jeff John Roberts. Breaking Bitcoin With a Quantum Computer. 2018-01-06, Fortune.com.
http://fortune.com/2018/01/06/breaking-bitcoin-cybersaturday/
• Darrel Etherington. Volkswagen and Google to bring quantum computing benefits to cars. 2017-11-08, techcrunch.com.
https://techcrunch.com/2017/11/08/volkswagen-and-google-to-bring-quantum-computing-benefits-to-cars/
• B. P. Lanyon, J. D. Whitfield, G. G. Gillett, M. E. Goggin, M. P. Almeida, I. Kassal, J. D. Biamonte, M. Mohseni, B. J. Powell, M.
Barbieri, A. Aspuru-Guzik & A. G. White. Towards quantum chemistry on a quantum computer. 2010-11-10, Nature
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quantum-effects-artificial-intelligence.html
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• iPhone game „Hello Quantum“ available at https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/hello-quantum/id1378385003?ls=1&mt=8 and more
information at http://helloquantum.mybluemix.net/
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• Alibaba Cloud Document Center. „Instance type families“, last updated May 24th 2018, https://www.alibabacloud.com/help/doc-
detail/25378.htm?spm=a2c63.p38356.a3.2.23c463026wtURX
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„Breaking the 49-Qubit Barrier in the Simulation of Quantum Circuits“, October 17th, 2017, arXiv:1710.05867
• Jianxin Chen, Fang Zhang, Cupjin Huang, Michael Newman, and Yaoyun Shi. „Classical Simulation of Intermediate-Size Quantum
Circuits“, submitted May 3rd, 2018, revised May 7th, 2018, arXiv:1805.01450
• Eva Bianconi, Allison Piovesan, Federica Facchin, Alina Beraudi, Raffaella Casadei, Flavia Frabetti, Lorenza Vitale, Maria Chiara
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The quantum computers are coming - Karlsruher Entwicklertag 2018

  • 2. Senior Software Developer at Senacor Technologies Mainly programs in Java and JavaScript Likes to play board games and point & click adventures
  • 3. Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah Boring stuff you don‘t care about Some personal stuff so I look more like one of you
  • 4. Nerd! Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah Boring stuff you don‘t care about Some personal stuff so I look more like one of you
  • 5.
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10. NERDS
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19. 👍
  • 20. 👎
  • 21. 🤷
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30.
  • 31.
  • 32. +
  • 33.
  • 34.
  • 35.
  • 36.
  • 37.
  • 38.
  • 39. 50:50
  • 40.
  • 41.
  • 42.
  • 43.
  • 44.
  • 45.
  • 46.
  • 47.
  • 48. &
  • 49.
  • 51.
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  • 58.
  • 59.
  • 60.
  • 61.
  • 62.
  • 63.
  • 64.
  • 65.
  • 66.
  • 67. + ≠
  • 68.
  • 85. Pauli: X,Y, Z Hadamard: H Controlled Not: CNOT
  • 86. Pauli: X,Y, Z Hadamard: H Controlled Not: CNOT Identity: id
  • 87. Pauli: X,Y, Z Phase: S, S†, T, T† Hadamard: H Controlled Not: CNOT Identity: id
  • 88. Pauli: X,Y, Z Phase: S, S†, T, T† Hadamard: H Controlled Not: CNOT Identity: id … … … …
  • 89.
  • 90.
  • 91.
  • 92.
  • 93. By running our algorithm on the cluster provided by the Data Infrastructure and Search Technology Division of the Alibaba Group, we simulated quantum supremacy circuits of size 6 × 6 × 68, 7 × 7 × 53, 8×8×44, 9×9×40, 10×10×35, 11×11×31, and 12×12×27.
  • 94. By running our algorithm on the cluster provided by the Data Infrastructure and Search Technology Division of the Alibaba Group, we simulated quantum supremacy circuits of size 6 × 6 × 68, 7 × 7 × 53, 8×8×44, 9×9×40, 10×10×35, 11×11×31, and 12×12×27.
  • 95. By running our algorithm on the cluster provided by the Data Infrastructure and Search Technology Division of the Alibaba Group, we simulated quantum supremacy circuits of size 6 × 6 × 68, 7 × 7 × 53, 8×8×44, 9×9×40, 10×10×35, 11×11×31, and 12×12×27. We did this using 131,072 processors
  • 96. By running our algorithm on the cluster provided by the Data Infrastructure and Search Technology Division of the Alibaba Group, we simulated quantum supremacy circuits of size 6 × 6 × 68, 7 × 7 × 53, 8×8×44, 9×9×40, 10×10×35, 11×11×31, and 12×12×27. and 1 petabyte of memory. We did this using 131,072 processors Jianxin Chen, Fang Zhang, Cupjin Huang, Michael Newman, and Yaoyun Shi. „Classical Simulation of Intermediate-Size Quantum Circuits“, submitted May 3rd, 2018, revised May 7th, 2018, arXiv:1805.01450
  • 98. 76.0mm ⨉ 56.5mm 76.0mm ⨉ 131,072 ≅ 10km
  • 99. 4 – 7 km/h = 2 h 5 km/h ⨉ 10 km
  • 100.
  • 101. 1 petabyte 1,000 terabytes 1,000,000 gigabytes 1015 bytes
  • 102.
  • 103.
  • 104.
  • 106.
  • 107.
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  • 127. 🎵 🎵 🎵 🎵
  • 128.
  • 129.
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  • 143.
  • 144.
  • 145. +
  • 146. + +
  • 147. + + +
  • 148.
  • 149.
  • 150. or
  • 152. use 4 qubits give qubits helpful names
  • 153. use 4 qubits give qubits helpful names initialize all qubits to |0⟩
  • 154. use 4 qubits give qubits helpful names initialize all qubits to |0⟩ Clean up the workspace
  • 156. use a quantum simulator run the experiment
  • 157. use a quantum simulator run the experiment did the cat survive?
  • 159.
  • 160.
  • 161.
  • 162. +
  • 163. + +
  • 164. + + +
  • 165. }
  • 166.
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  • 189.
  • 191.
  • 192. Search for „Hello Quantum“ in the Apple App store
  • 194. Go forth and explore, fellow nerds! (and others)
  • 197. @blalasaadri * within our universe No cats were harmed in the making of this presentation*.
  • 198.
  • 199. Media sources • Font „Shlop“ used in the title slide created by Ray Laraie, Typodermic Fonts Inc. and published under the „Desktop License“ at http://typodermicfonts.com/shlop/ • Image of Niels Bohr - The American Institute of Physics credits the photo to AB Lagrelius & Westphal, which is the Swedish company used by the Nobel Foundation for most photos of its book series Les Prix Nobel. (Niels Bohr's Nobel Prize biography, from 1922) [Public domain], available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ANiels_Bohr.jpg • Image of Karl Werner Heisenberg provided by the German Federal Archive under the CC-BY-SA 3.0 license, available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bundesarchiv_Bild183- R57262,_Werner_Heisenberg.jpg • Image of a “circuit board brain” published by pixabay user GDJ under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/anatomie-biologie-gehirn-gedanken-1751201/; this image was adapted for the physics brain image • Image of an atom used as a texture for the physics brain published by pixabay user Gorkhs under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/atom-logo-wissenschaft-1472657/ • Original video of a spinning spiral galaxy published as “Differential rotation in a spiral galaxy” by Flickr user “äquinoktium“ under the CC BY 2.0 licence, availableat https://www.flickr.com/photos/44080248@N03/4304580867/, cropped, shortened and slowed down by me • Image of a cryostat containing an IBM Q comercial quantum processor taken by Andy Aaron, provided by IBM Research under the CC BY-ND 2.0 license, availableat https://www.flickr.com/photos/ibm_research_zurich/34662903516/in/album-72157680875401173/ • Imabe of a 7 qubit chip; Credit: Kandala et al.; Nature. Courtesy of InternationalBusiness Machines Corporation. Unauthorized use not permitted. Retrieved from https://www- 03.ibm.com/press/us/en/photo/53138.wss • Image of Albert Einstein provided by pixabay user OpenClipart-Vectors under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/albert-albert-einstein-einstein-1295413/and modified by me • Image of “Uncle Sam” provided by pixabay user Clker-Free-Vector-Images under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/onkel-sam-hut-sterne-304887/and modified by me • Image of error correctionprovided by pixabay user OpenClipart-Vectors under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/pr%C3%BCfung-hausaufgaben-korrektur-154709/ • Image of a stack of books provided by pixabay user Gellinger under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/buch-lesen-literatur-b%C3%BCcher-alt-1957450/ • Image of a manikin provided by pixabay user WolfBlur under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/figur-mann-stehen-gesten-gestik-1707103/ • Image of computer memory provided by pixabay user PublicDomainPictures under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/brett-karte-chip-computer-daten-22098/ • Image of random access memory (RAM) provided by pixabay user PublicDomainPictures under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/chips-karte-chip-computer-daten- 20072/ • Image of person walking provided by pixabay user PIX1861 under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/gehen-laufen-sportschuhe-schuhe-681304/ • Image of lab equipmentprovided by pixabay user PublicDomainPictures under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/labor-forschung-chemie-test-217043/ • Image of atomic orbitals provided by pixabay user saylowe under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/orbitale-verkleben-atom-molek%C3%BCl-2146393/ • Image of HAL 9000 provided by pixabay user OpenClipart-Vectors under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/k%C3%BCnstliche-intelligenz-155161/ • Image of scattered numbers provided by pixabay user geralt under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/zahlen-ziffer-nummer-f%C3%BClle-z%C3%A4hlen-1036469/ • Image of the Nyhavn district of Copenhagen published by pixabay user skeeze under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/nyhavn-landkreis-wasser-reflexion-1119123/ • Tweet by Venkat Subramaniampublished on January 14th 2018 on Twitter, availableat https://twitter.com/venkat_s/status/952624222014074881 • Tweet about the Quantum Job Fair published on May 10th 2018 on Twitter, available at https://twitter.com/BristolQE/status/994527288510251008 • Tweet announcing QISKit ACQUA published on June 13th 2018 on Twitter, availableat https://twitter.com/qiskit/status/1006939405213368321 • Image of the Zuse Z3 in the ”Deutsches Museum München” provided by Venusianer at the Germanlanguage Wikipedia under the CC-BY-SA-3.0license, availableat https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AZ3_Deutsches_Museum.JPG Image of Earth published by pixabay user qimono under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/welt-globus-erde-planeten-blau-1303628/ • Image of zeros and ones provided by pixabay user geralt under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/bin%C3%A4r-digitalisierung-null-eins-2007350/ • Image of transistors provided by pixabay user PublicDomainPictures under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/transistoren-transistor-218835/ • Image of a landscape provided by pixabay user Jaki0815 under the CC0, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/rotwandhaus-rotwand-alpen-mountains-975348/ • Image of Edwin Schrödinger provided by the Nobel foundation under public domain, via WikimediaCommons, availableat https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AErwin_Schr%C3%B6dinger_(1933).jpg • Image of mathematicalsymbols published by pixabay user geralt under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/mathematik-zahlen-algebra-zeichen-1044091/ • Image of a computer, a tablet and a smartphone provided by pixabay user Maiconfz under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/computer-pc-tablette-telefon-1271863/ • Image of the Google Bristlecone quantum chip retrievedfrom https://research.googleblog.com/2018/03/a-preview-of-bristlecone-googles-new.html and property of Google Research. All rights reserved. • Image of the “Oops”-Signprovided by pixabay user cripi under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/fehler-404-panel-aufmerksamkeit-3060993/ • Image of a computer monitor with a code symbol provided by pixabay user Krzysztof-m under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/programmierung-internet-webseite- 3173456/ • Image of the Star Trek Enterprise NCC-1701 provided by pixabay user Janson_G under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/raumschiff-modell-freigestellt-2749360/ • Image of microchipcircuitryprovided by pixabay user mikadago under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/schaltung-mikrochip-nahaufnahme-389107/ • Image of a CPU provided by pixabay user blickpixel under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/pins-cpu-prozessor-makro-stift-564775/ • All images of 3d figures provided by pixabay user 3dman_eu under the CC0 license, available at https://pixabay.com/de/users/3dman_eu-1553824/ • Image of a pointing hand provided by pixabay user OpenClipart-Vectors under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/sie-zeigefinger-hinweis-finger-151415/ • Image of a set of vintage scales provided by pixabay user MamaClown under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/jahrgang-ma%C3%9Fstab-gleichgewicht-2862708/ • Image from a graduation ceremony provided by pixabay user McElspeth under the CC0 license, availableat https://pixabay.com/de/graduation-cap-graduierung-kappe-3430714/
  • 200. Licences used • Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC-BY-SA 3.0) available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by- sa/3.0/legalcode • Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0) available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 /legalcode • Creative Commons CC0 (CC0) available at https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/z ero/1.0/legalcode • Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-ND 2.0) available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by- nd/2.0/legalcode
  • 201. Further sources • Jeff John Roberts. Breaking Bitcoin With a Quantum Computer. 2018-01-06, Fortune.com. http://fortune.com/2018/01/06/breaking-bitcoin-cybersaturday/ • Darrel Etherington. Volkswagen and Google to bring quantum computing benefits to cars. 2017-11-08, techcrunch.com. https://techcrunch.com/2017/11/08/volkswagen-and-google-to-bring-quantum-computing-benefits-to-cars/ • B. P. Lanyon, J. D. Whitfield, G. G. Gillett, M. E. Goggin, M. P. Almeida, I. Kassal, J. D. Biamonte, M. Mohseni, B. J. Powell, M. Barbieri, A. Aspuru-Guzik & A. G. White. Towards quantum chemistry on a quantum computer. 2010-11-10, Nature Chemistry volume2, pages106–111. doi:10.1038/nchem.483 https://www.nature.com/articles/nchem.483 • Lisa Zyga. How quantum effects could improve artificial intelligence. 2016-10-17, Phys.org. https://phys.org/news/2016-10- quantum-effects-artificial-intelligence.html • Intel Newsroom, 2018 CES: Intel Advances Quantum and Neuromorphic Computing Research, 2018-01-08, News Byte. https://newsroom.intel.com/news/intel-advances-quantum-neuromorphic-computing-research/ • Alibaba Group, Alibaba Cloud and CAS Launch One of the World’s Most Powerful Public Quantum Computing Services, 2018-03-01, https://www.alibabacloud.com/press-room/alibaba-cloud-and-cas-launch-one-of-the-worlds-most • iPhone game „Hello Quantum“ available at https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/hello-quantum/id1378385003?ls=1&mt=8 and more information at http://helloquantum.mybluemix.net/ • Python game „Hello Quantum“ available at https://www.pythonanywhere.com/gists/a5d885816f7dc042a78df11ce6cf9652/main.py/ipython3/ • Alibaba Cloud Document Center. „ECS Bare Metal Instance and Super Computing Clusters“, last updated May 18th 2018, https://www.alibabacloud.com/help/doc-detail/60576.htm?spm=a3c0i.11165040.991848.1.4a2163dafc4Zs3 • Alibaba Cloud Document Center. „Instance type families“, last updated May 24th 2018, https://www.alibabacloud.com/help/doc- detail/25378.htm?spm=a2c63.p38356.a3.2.23c463026wtURX • Wikiwand. „List of Intel Xeon Processors“, http://www.wikiwand.com/en/List_of_Intel_Xeon_microprocessors retrieved June 1st 2018. • A. V. Frolov. Can a quantum computer be applied for numerical weather prediction? Russ. Meteorol. Hydrol. (2017) 42: 545. https://doi.org/10.3103/S1068373917090011 • Amrita Jayakumar. Can quantum computing change the world? This start-up is betting on it. 2015-05-04, WashingtonPost.com. https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/on-it/can-quantum-computing-change-the-world-this-start-up-is-betting-on- it/2015/05/03/e4681b48-ecfe-11e4-a55f-38924fca94f9_story.html • NASA Advanced Supercomputing Division. Quantum Computing. https://www.nas.nasa.gov/projects/quantum.html • Nicole Kobie. The quantum clock is ticking on encryption – and your data is under threat. 2016-10-04, Wired.co.uk. http://www.wired.co.uk/article/quantum-computers-quantum-security-encryption • Julian Kelly. A Preview of Bristlecone, Google‘s New Quantum Processor. 2018-03-05, research.googleblog.com. https://research.googleblog.com/2018/03/a-preview-of-bristlecone-googles-new.html • Edwin Pednault, John A. Gunnels, Giacomo Nannicini, Lior Horesh, Thomas Magerlein, Edgar Solomonik, and Robert Wisnieff. „Breaking the 49-Qubit Barrier in the Simulation of Quantum Circuits“, October 17th, 2017, arXiv:1710.05867 • Jianxin Chen, Fang Zhang, Cupjin Huang, Michael Newman, and Yaoyun Shi. „Classical Simulation of Intermediate-Size Quantum Circuits“, submitted May 3rd, 2018, revised May 7th, 2018, arXiv:1805.01450 • Eva Bianconi, Allison Piovesan, Federica Facchin, Alina Beraudi, Raffaella Casadei, Flavia Frabetti, Lorenza Vitale, Maria Chiara Pelleri, Simone Tassani, Francesco Piva, Soledad Perez-Amodio, Pierluigi Strippoli, and Silvia Canaider. „An estimation of the number of cells in the human body.“, Ann Hum Biol. 2013 Nov-Dec; 40(6):463-71. https://doi.org/10.3109/03014460.2013.807878 Epub 2013 Jul 5. • Intel Product Specifications. „Intel® Xeon® Gold 6150 Processor“, https://ark.intel.com/products/120490 retrieved June 1st 2018 • Intel Product Specifications. „Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8164 Processor“, https://ark.intel.com/products/120503 retrieved June 1st 2018 • QISKit website, https://qiskit.org/, retrieved June 17th 2018 • QISKit ACQUA website, https://qiskit.org/acqua, retrieved June 17th 2018

Editor's Notes

  1. Replica of a Zuse Z3, originally built in 1941
  2. Replica of a Zuse Z3, originally built in 1941
  3. Computers since then work with 0 and 1…
  4. ..except they don‘t. They need anything with two possible states.
  5. Today: Mostly transistors Depending on input either lets a big current through or not.
  6. Niels Bohr <- Werner Heisenberg (assistant, Copenhagen, 1920s) Left: Niels Bohr Nobel Prize in Physics for his contributions to the understanding of atomic structure and quantum theory Right: Werner Karl Heisenberg Nobel Prize in Physics for the creation of quantum mechanics in 1932 Also founder of the uncertainty principle, which is named after him Main contributors to the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics
  7. Bohr & Heisenberg developed great parts of Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics
  8. Radioactive particle
  9. Radioactive particle
  10. Decay = emit radiation (here alpha particle)
  11. Radioactive particle
  12. Radioactive particle
  13. Radioactive particle
  14. Radioactive particle
  15. Radioactive particle
  16. Erwin Schrödinger 1935
  17. Radioactive half-life
  18. Radioactive half-life
  19. Radioactive half-life
  20. Radioactive half-life
  21. Radioactive half-life
  22. Radioactive half-life
  23. Erwin Schrödinger 1935
  24. Model!!!
  25. Model!!!
  26. Model!!!
  27. We have: Universe Schrödinger’s cat Quantum effect
  28. We have: Universe Schrödinger’s cat Quantum effect
  29. -> Zombie cat? No.
  30. Universe splits. Another quantum effect?
  31. Universe splits. Another quantum effect?
  32. It splits again.
  33. It splits again.
  34. And again. May notice: Many dead cats.
  35. And again. May notice: Many dead cats.
  36. Quantum system Can be |0> Can be |1> Can be arbetrary value on sphere
  37. Quantum system Can be |0> Can be |1> Can be arbetrary value on sphere
  38. Quantum system Can be |0> Can be |1> Can be arbetrary value on sphere
  39. And again. May notice: Many dead cats.
  40. And again. May notice: Many dead cats.
  41. Google Bristlecone Announced on March 3rd 2018 (Last Monday!) 72 qubits Low error rates
  42. 131.072 x 2.5 GHz Intel Xeon Platinum 8163 (Skylake) Processors OR 3.1 GHz Intel Xeon Gold 6149 (Skylake) Processors
  43. 131.072 x 2.5 GHz Intel Xeon Platinum 8163 (Skylake) Processors OR 3.1 GHz Intel Xeon Gold 6149 (Skylake) Processors Size of one processor: 76.16mm * 56.6mm Total area: ~565 m^2 Laying them side by side (adding the longer sides), total length ~9.96km
  44. 3.72 x 10^13 cells in a human body
  45. 3.72 x 10^13 cells in a human body
  46. 3.72 x 10^13 cells in a human body 10^15 cells ~= 27 (26.88) humans VD Athens has ~30 speakers, so nearly as many bytes as cells in all VD Athens speakers
  47. http://fortune.com/2018/01/06/breaking-bitcoin-cybersaturday/ https://techcrunch.com/2017/11/08/volkswagen-and-google-to-bring-quantum-computing-benefits-to-cars/ https://www.nature.com/articles/nchem.483 https://phys.org/news/2016-10-quantum-effects-artificial-intelligence.html https://link.springer.com/article/10.3103/S1068373917090011 https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/on-it/can-quantum-computing-change-the-world-this-start-up-is-betting-on-it/2015/05/03/e4681b48-ecfe-11e4-a55f-38924fca94f9_story.html?utm_term=.17042d279249 https://www.nas.nasa.gov/projects/quantum.html http://www.wired.co.uk/article/quantum-computers-quantum-security-encryption
  48. http://fortune.com/2018/01/06/breaking-bitcoin-cybersaturday/ https://techcrunch.com/2017/11/08/volkswagen-and-google-to-bring-quantum-computing-benefits-to-cars/ https://www.nature.com/articles/nchem.483 https://phys.org/news/2016-10-quantum-effects-artificial-intelligence.html https://link.springer.com/article/10.3103/S1068373917090011 https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/on-it/can-quantum-computing-change-the-world-this-start-up-is-betting-on-it/2015/05/03/e4681b48-ecfe-11e4-a55f-38924fca94f9_story.html?utm_term=.17042d279249 https://www.nas.nasa.gov/projects/quantum.html http://www.wired.co.uk/article/quantum-computers-quantum-security-encryption
  49. http://fortune.com/2018/01/06/breaking-bitcoin-cybersaturday/ https://techcrunch.com/2017/11/08/volkswagen-and-google-to-bring-quantum-computing-benefits-to-cars/ https://www.nature.com/articles/nchem.483 https://phys.org/news/2016-10-quantum-effects-artificial-intelligence.html https://link.springer.com/article/10.3103/S1068373917090011 https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/on-it/can-quantum-computing-change-the-world-this-start-up-is-betting-on-it/2015/05/03/e4681b48-ecfe-11e4-a55f-38924fca94f9_story.html?utm_term=.17042d279249 https://www.nas.nasa.gov/projects/quantum.html http://www.wired.co.uk/article/quantum-computers-quantum-security-encryption
  50. http://fortune.com/2018/01/06/breaking-bitcoin-cybersaturday/ https://techcrunch.com/2017/11/08/volkswagen-and-google-to-bring-quantum-computing-benefits-to-cars/ https://www.nature.com/articles/nchem.483 https://phys.org/news/2016-10-quantum-effects-artificial-intelligence.html https://link.springer.com/article/10.3103/S1068373917090011 https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/on-it/can-quantum-computing-change-the-world-this-start-up-is-betting-on-it/2015/05/03/e4681b48-ecfe-11e4-a55f-38924fca94f9_story.html?utm_term=.17042d279249 https://www.nas.nasa.gov/projects/quantum.html http://www.wired.co.uk/article/quantum-computers-quantum-security-encryption
  51. http://fortune.com/2018/01/06/breaking-bitcoin-cybersaturday/ https://techcrunch.com/2017/11/08/volkswagen-and-google-to-bring-quantum-computing-benefits-to-cars/ https://www.nature.com/articles/nchem.483 https://phys.org/news/2016-10-quantum-effects-artificial-intelligence.html https://link.springer.com/article/10.3103/S1068373917090011 https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/on-it/can-quantum-computing-change-the-world-this-start-up-is-betting-on-it/2015/05/03/e4681b48-ecfe-11e4-a55f-38924fca94f9_story.html?utm_term=.17042d279249 https://www.nas.nasa.gov/projects/quantum.html http://www.wired.co.uk/article/quantum-computers-quantum-security-encryption
  52. http://fortune.com/2018/01/06/breaking-bitcoin-cybersaturday/ https://techcrunch.com/2017/11/08/volkswagen-and-google-to-bring-quantum-computing-benefits-to-cars/ https://www.nature.com/articles/nchem.483 https://phys.org/news/2016-10-quantum-effects-artificial-intelligence.html https://link.springer.com/article/10.3103/S1068373917090011 https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/on-it/can-quantum-computing-change-the-world-this-start-up-is-betting-on-it/2015/05/03/e4681b48-ecfe-11e4-a55f-38924fca94f9_story.html?utm_term=.17042d279249 https://www.nas.nasa.gov/projects/quantum.html http://www.wired.co.uk/article/quantum-computers-quantum-security-encryption
  53. http://fortune.com/2018/01/06/breaking-bitcoin-cybersaturday/ https://techcrunch.com/2017/11/08/volkswagen-and-google-to-bring-quantum-computing-benefits-to-cars/ https://www.nature.com/articles/nchem.483 https://phys.org/news/2016-10-quantum-effects-artificial-intelligence.html https://link.springer.com/article/10.3103/S1068373917090011 https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/on-it/can-quantum-computing-change-the-world-this-start-up-is-betting-on-it/2015/05/03/e4681b48-ecfe-11e4-a55f-38924fca94f9_story.html?utm_term=.17042d279249 https://www.nas.nasa.gov/projects/quantum.html http://www.wired.co.uk/article/quantum-computers-quantum-security-encryption
  54. http://fortune.com/2018/01/06/breaking-bitcoin-cybersaturday/ https://techcrunch.com/2017/11/08/volkswagen-and-google-to-bring-quantum-computing-benefits-to-cars/ https://www.nature.com/articles/nchem.483 https://phys.org/news/2016-10-quantum-effects-artificial-intelligence.html https://link.springer.com/article/10.3103/S1068373917090011 https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/on-it/can-quantum-computing-change-the-world-this-start-up-is-betting-on-it/2015/05/03/e4681b48-ecfe-11e4-a55f-38924fca94f9_story.html?utm_term=.17042d279249 https://www.nas.nasa.gov/projects/quantum.html http://www.wired.co.uk/article/quantum-computers-quantum-security-encryption
  55. http://fortune.com/2018/01/06/breaking-bitcoin-cybersaturday/ https://techcrunch.com/2017/11/08/volkswagen-and-google-to-bring-quantum-computing-benefits-to-cars/ https://www.nature.com/articles/nchem.483 https://phys.org/news/2016-10-quantum-effects-artificial-intelligence.html https://link.springer.com/article/10.3103/S1068373917090011 https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/on-it/can-quantum-computing-change-the-world-this-start-up-is-betting-on-it/2015/05/03/e4681b48-ecfe-11e4-a55f-38924fca94f9_story.html?utm_term=.17042d279249 https://www.nas.nasa.gov/projects/quantum.html http://www.wired.co.uk/article/quantum-computers-quantum-security-encryption
  56. IBM Research Staff Member Katie Pooley, an Applied Physics PhD from Harvard who joined IBM in 2015, at the Thomas J Watson Research Center, is a process integrator on the IBM Q team. In the photo, Pooley is examining a cryostat with the new prototype of a commercial quantum processor inside.
  57. IBM Research Staff Member Katie Pooley, an Applied Physics PhD from Harvard who joined IBM in 2015, at the Thomas J Watson Research Center, is a process integrator on the IBM Q team. In the photo, Pooley is examining a cryostat with the new prototype of a commercial quantum processor inside.
  58. IBM 7 Qubit Device IBM scientists have developed a new approach to simulate molecules on a quantum computer that may one day help revolutionize chemistry and materials science. The scientists successfully used six qubits on a purpose-built seven-qubit quantum processor to address the molecular structure problem for beryllium hydride (BeH2) – the largest molecule simulated on a quantum computer to date. The results demonstrate a path of exploration for near-term quantum systems to enhance our understanding of complex chemical reactions that could lead to practical applications. (Credit: Kandala et al.; Nature)
  59. IBM 7 Qubit Device IBM scientists have developed a new approach to simulate molecules on a quantum computer that may one day help revolutionize chemistry and materials science. The scientists successfully used six qubits on a purpose-built seven-qubit quantum processor to address the molecular structure problem for beryllium hydride (BeH2) – the largest molecule simulated on a quantum computer to date. The results demonstrate a path of exploration for near-term quantum systems to enhance our understanding of complex chemical reactions that could lead to practical applications. (Credit: Kandala et al.; Nature)
  60. Quantum chemistry
  61. Classification problems
  62. Partition problem
  63. Should be an expert in the field
  64. Quantum system Can be |0> Can be |1> Can be arbetrary value on sphere
  65. Currently only iOS Android version is coming
  66. Most binding: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/