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Internet of Things

LOGO
Contents of Introduction
1

What’s Internet of Things?

2

State of the Art of IoT.

3

Challenges of IoT.

4

Future of IoT.
What’s the Internet of Things

 Definition
(1) The Internet of Things, also called The Internet of
Objects, refers to a wireless network between objects.
(2) By embedding short-range mobile transceivers into a
wide array of additional gadgets and everyday items,
enabling new forms of communication between people
and things, and between things themselves.
What’s the Internet of Things

 Definition
(3) The term "Internet of Things" has come to
describe a number of technologies and research
disciplines that enable the Internet to reach out into
the real world of physical objects.
(4) “Things having identities and virtual personalities
operating in smart spaces using intelligent interfaces
to connect and communicate within social,
environmental, and user contexts”.
What’s the Internet of Things
From any time ,any place connectivity for
anyone, we will now have connectivity for
anything!
What’s the Internet of Things
Characteristics
Ambient
Intelligence

Event
Driven

Internet of Things
Semantic
Sharing

Complex Access
Technologies

Flexible
Structure
Why Internet of Things
Dynamic control of industry and daily life

Improve the resource utilization ratio

Integrating human society and physical systems.
Why Internet of Things (ii)
Flexible configuration.

Universal transport & internetworking

Acts as technologies integrator
The application of IoT(1)
Regional Office

House

Transportation Vehicle

Biosensor taken by people

Network

Equipment in public place

Virtual Environment
The application of IoT(2)
Scenario: shopping
(2) When shopping in the market,
the goods will introduce
themselves.
(1) When entering the doors, scanners
will identify the tags on her clothing.
(4) When paying for the goods, the
microchip of the credit card will
communicate with checkout reader.

(3) When moving the goods, the reader
will tell the staff to put a new one.
The application of IoT(3)
Scenario: Intelligent Home
The application of IoT(4)
Scenario: Transportation
State of the Art of IoT
Enabling Technologies
RFID

To identify
and track
the data of
things

Sensor

To collect
and process
the data to
detect the
changes in
the physical
status of
things

Smart Tech

To enhance
the power of
the network by
devolving
processing
capabilities to
different part
of the network.

Nano Tech

To make the
smaller and
smaller
things have
the ability to
connect and
interact.
State of the Art of IoT
Research groups
1
MIT Auto-ID Lab &
EPC Global.
Stanford University
Georgia Institute of
Technology
Cambridge Univ

2
EPFL & ETH Zurich
Information and
Communication
Systems Research
Group
Chemnitz University
of Technology
VSR Group

3
Nokia
SAP
IBM
GOOGLE
AMBIENT
Metro Group
Siemens
Sun
Cisco
GE
The challenge of IoT
Total challenge of IOT
1.Technological Standardization in most areas are still
remain fragmented.
2.Managing and fostering rapid innovation is a challenge
for governments .
3. Privacy.
4.Absence of governance.
Future of IOT

Traffic Issue
Production
Daily Life
Logistics
Resource
& Power
Control

Retailing
LOGO

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THE INTERNET OF THINGS

  • 2. Contents of Introduction 1 What’s Internet of Things? 2 State of the Art of IoT. 3 Challenges of IoT. 4 Future of IoT.
  • 3. What’s the Internet of Things  Definition (1) The Internet of Things, also called The Internet of Objects, refers to a wireless network between objects. (2) By embedding short-range mobile transceivers into a wide array of additional gadgets and everyday items, enabling new forms of communication between people and things, and between things themselves.
  • 4. What’s the Internet of Things  Definition (3) The term "Internet of Things" has come to describe a number of technologies and research disciplines that enable the Internet to reach out into the real world of physical objects. (4) “Things having identities and virtual personalities operating in smart spaces using intelligent interfaces to connect and communicate within social, environmental, and user contexts”.
  • 5. What’s the Internet of Things From any time ,any place connectivity for anyone, we will now have connectivity for anything!
  • 6. What’s the Internet of Things Characteristics Ambient Intelligence Event Driven Internet of Things Semantic Sharing Complex Access Technologies Flexible Structure
  • 7. Why Internet of Things Dynamic control of industry and daily life Improve the resource utilization ratio Integrating human society and physical systems.
  • 8. Why Internet of Things (ii) Flexible configuration. Universal transport & internetworking Acts as technologies integrator
  • 9. The application of IoT(1) Regional Office House Transportation Vehicle Biosensor taken by people Network Equipment in public place Virtual Environment
  • 10. The application of IoT(2) Scenario: shopping (2) When shopping in the market, the goods will introduce themselves. (1) When entering the doors, scanners will identify the tags on her clothing. (4) When paying for the goods, the microchip of the credit card will communicate with checkout reader. (3) When moving the goods, the reader will tell the staff to put a new one.
  • 11. The application of IoT(3) Scenario: Intelligent Home
  • 12. The application of IoT(4) Scenario: Transportation
  • 13. State of the Art of IoT Enabling Technologies RFID To identify and track the data of things Sensor To collect and process the data to detect the changes in the physical status of things Smart Tech To enhance the power of the network by devolving processing capabilities to different part of the network. Nano Tech To make the smaller and smaller things have the ability to connect and interact.
  • 14. State of the Art of IoT Research groups 1 MIT Auto-ID Lab & EPC Global. Stanford University Georgia Institute of Technology Cambridge Univ 2 EPFL & ETH Zurich Information and Communication Systems Research Group Chemnitz University of Technology VSR Group 3 Nokia SAP IBM GOOGLE AMBIENT Metro Group Siemens Sun Cisco GE
  • 15. The challenge of IoT Total challenge of IOT 1.Technological Standardization in most areas are still remain fragmented. 2.Managing and fostering rapid innovation is a challenge for governments . 3. Privacy. 4.Absence of governance.
  • 16. Future of IOT Traffic Issue Production Daily Life Logistics Resource & Power Control Retailing
  • 17. LOGO

Editor's Notes

  1. 1. What’s IoT part includes the Definition of IoT, the history of IoT, the features of IoT, why IoT, and at last propose different application scenarios of IoT to better recognize it. 2. In the State of the Art part, I would firstly introduce several enabling technologies of IoT and also more detail about the wireless sensor network and IPv6 of IoT, on which are what we focus now. Then the ongoing research project and research groups, universities and companies will be mentioned. At last, the economic system and overall diagram of marketing and R&D of IoT will be discussed. 3. In this part, two main challenges and several other challenges of IoT will be discussed and also the limitation of IoT will be preliminarily proposed. 4. The last part is the Future of IoT, I will discuss the areas which will potentially be implemented by IoT, and also the open issue of IoT. At last, I will discuss about the future technologies that may be affect the development of IoT.
  2. WSIS: World Summit on the Information Society, it’s a pair of conference about information society
  3. The semantic origin of the expression is composed by two words and concepts: “Internet” and “Thing”, where “Internet” can be defined as “The world-wide network of interconnected computer networks, based on a standard communication protocol, the Internet suite (TCP/IP)”, while “Thing” is “an object not precisely identifiable” Therefore, semantically, “Internet of Things” means “a world-wide network of interconnected objects uniquely addressable, based on standard
  4. An interesting conclusion
  5. This part need to be discussed again AI: the autonomous and intelligent entities will act in full interoperability & will be able to auto-organize themselves depending on the context, circumstances or environment. ED is to design the scheme depending on the need FS means that hundreds and thousands of nodes will be disable and will be set to run. CAT means that there’s several kinds of media such as vehicle stone that they need different access technologies. SS is the machine can rend and send by themselves. No need to tell human beings
  6. 1 and 2 factors are about Resource Efficiency, Energy conservation is a prerequisite for the Internet of Things. Therefore research producing new knowledge on how to develop more energy efficient electronics will influence the design of all electronics. Concept of energy harvesting will enable larger and larger portions of the consumed energy to be generated by ambient renewable sources available locally thus reducing the losses in long distance energy distribution. Similar effects will be experienced by road transport and cars. Already today there are hybrid cars available harvesting the kinetic energy of the drive. This, in combination with better and more environmentally friendly energy storage in the future will make electrical vehicles achieve longer range and become more attractive alternatives. Abundant sensory information will enable unprecedented energy optimized control. Climate control is the most energy consuming activity in modern buildings. The house could adjust the room temperatures according to the personal preferences of those in the room, and avoid heating or cooling rooms excessively without benefits to the inhabitants. 3. is the pollution and disaster avoidance 4.
  7. 1 and 2 factors are about Resource Efficiency, Energy conservation is a prerequisite for the Internet of Things. Therefore research producing new knowledge on how to develop more energy efficient electronics will influence the design of all electronics. Concept of energy harvesting will enable larger and larger portions of the consumed energy to be generated by ambient renewable sources available locally thus reducing the losses in long distance energy distribution. Similar effects will be experienced by road transport and cars. Already today there are hybrid cars available harvesting the kinetic energy of the drive. This, in combination with better and more environmentally friendly energy storage in the future will make electrical vehicles achieve longer range and become more attractive alternatives. Abundant sensory information will enable unprecedented energy optimized control. Climate control is the most energy consuming activity in modern buildings. The house could adjust the room temperatures according to the personal preferences of those in the room, and avoid heating or cooling rooms excessively without benefits to the inhabitants. 3. is the pollution and disaster avoidance 4.
  8. Application area should be divided by that two
  9. Maintaining a comfort temperature and heating of water are the most energy consuming tasks of the house with huge potentials for energy conservation, and as a consequence a significant positive impact on the environment. This is further discussed under environmental aspects and resource efficiency below There will be robots taking care of the house, performing routine works such as cleaning or maintenance. These will collaborate autonomously with the house sensors, and the house control. The intelligent appliances will collaborate to conserve energy, and to signal need for new supplies of food, detergents, maintenance, etc. Some of which may be satisfied automatically by the maintenance robot. This will take away some of today’s tedious housekeeping activities.
  10. When there is a queue, the first cars may tell the cars behind if there is an accident or just too much traffic, and this will eventually make intelligent navigation systems re-plan the route of cars programmed to go down already saturated roads. The cars may help the driver to keep safe distance to the car in front, and may refuse dangerous actions like speeding if the weather conditions are unsafe or overtaking if the oncoming car goes too fast. The cars can go by autopilot on highways reducing the risk of fatigue related accidents. Cars will also be able to maintain themselves, calling for the appropriate service based on the self diagnosis of the problem and ensuring that the right replacement parts are in stock. The car will plan the time of service according to the diaries and preferences of the usual driver to minimise the petulance of their lives, and make sure that there is a substitute car available if there would be a need for it.
  11. More than four several technologies machine-to-machine interfaces and protocols of electronic communication microcontrollers wireless communication RFID Energy harvesting technologies sensor technology Location technology Software IPv6
  12. Need to improve about the research groups and projects
  13. Absence of governance is the first main challenge One major barrier for the widespread adoption of the Internet of Things technology is the absence of governance. Without an impartial governing authority it will be impossible to have a truly global “Internet of Things”, accepted by states, companies, trade organizations and the common people. Today there is not a unique universal numbering scheme as just described: PCglobal and the Ubiquitous Networking Lab propose two different, non- compatible ways of identifying objects, and there is the risk to have them competing in the coming future over the global market. There is also the need of keeping governance as generic as possible, as having one authority per application field will certainly lead to overlap, confusion and competition between standards. Objects can have different identities in different contexts so having multiple authorities would create a kind of multi-homing, which can lead to disastrous results.
  14. Different areas that would be implement, this part should be improved