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THE FUTURE

 Also a verb tense
You use the future tense when you want to
say something about things that will happen
in the future              (quite obvious, isn’t it?)


There are 4 types of the future tense:
1. Present with -ing
2. “Going to”
3. Shall / will + verb
4. Present tense without -ing
Present + -ing
When do you use it?
When something has been agreed on or is set
 (like an appointment) and will happen soon

I am leaving for the UK tomorrow
My brother is getting married next week
I am having dinner with my boyfriend this Thursday
“Going to”
When do you use it?
When someone is planning to do something or
 when you notice something is going to
 happen

Lauren is going to spend her holidays in Schotland
I’m going to phone my internet provider later this week
It’s going to rain soon – look at the sky!
Shall / will + verb
When do you use it?

- When you do an offer or ask for advice

  Shall I give you a ride? Then you don’t have to walk
  home
Shall / will + verb
When do you use it?

- When you are talking about the future in
  general (as opposed to when there is an
  appointment or a fixed agreement)

Maybe we will / shall meet you on holiday in Schotland
You probably won’t* meet us in Schotland
*won’t = will not
Shall / will + verb
When do you use it?
- With questions you use shall with I and we
  Shall I help you carry those boxes?
  Shall we go by train?

- But you use will with you, he, she, it and they (!)
  Will you ever learn to behave?
  Will she ever stop smoking?
Present tense without -ing
When do you use it?
- When it’s about something that’s on a
  timetable, schedule or programme or when
  something is on a fixed date

My train leaves at 10:30
The thirteenth of May is my birthday
Extra: “to hope”
After the verb “to hope”, you use shall / will +
  verb. You can also use can, may or must.

We all hope we will get good grades
I hope I won’t have to see the doctor again
I hope you can tell me the correct answer

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The future tense

  • 1. THE FUTURE Also a verb tense
  • 2. You use the future tense when you want to say something about things that will happen in the future (quite obvious, isn’t it?) There are 4 types of the future tense: 1. Present with -ing 2. “Going to” 3. Shall / will + verb 4. Present tense without -ing
  • 3. Present + -ing When do you use it? When something has been agreed on or is set (like an appointment) and will happen soon I am leaving for the UK tomorrow My brother is getting married next week I am having dinner with my boyfriend this Thursday
  • 4. “Going to” When do you use it? When someone is planning to do something or when you notice something is going to happen Lauren is going to spend her holidays in Schotland I’m going to phone my internet provider later this week It’s going to rain soon – look at the sky!
  • 5. Shall / will + verb When do you use it? - When you do an offer or ask for advice Shall I give you a ride? Then you don’t have to walk home
  • 6. Shall / will + verb When do you use it? - When you are talking about the future in general (as opposed to when there is an appointment or a fixed agreement) Maybe we will / shall meet you on holiday in Schotland You probably won’t* meet us in Schotland *won’t = will not
  • 7. Shall / will + verb When do you use it? - With questions you use shall with I and we Shall I help you carry those boxes? Shall we go by train? - But you use will with you, he, she, it and they (!) Will you ever learn to behave? Will she ever stop smoking?
  • 8. Present tense without -ing When do you use it? - When it’s about something that’s on a timetable, schedule or programme or when something is on a fixed date My train leaves at 10:30 The thirteenth of May is my birthday
  • 9. Extra: “to hope” After the verb “to hope”, you use shall / will + verb. You can also use can, may or must. We all hope we will get good grades I hope I won’t have to see the doctor again I hope you can tell me the correct answer