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THE FOLLOW-
UP SERVICE
©Jamaica Olazo
• Follow-up in
guidance applies
to in-school and
out-of-school
situations.
• Intended to
secure
information about
former students.
• To provide
continuing services
for students after
they leave school.
• It applies to recheck on
the effectiveness of in-
school guidance
services, as well as a
recheck on the school’s
instructional program
after the students have
terminated their school
experience.
THE FOLLOW-UP SERVICE
©Jamaica Olazo
Benefits
In-school Follow-up
• help students make good adjustments.
• diminishes the number of drop-outs.
Out-of-school Follow-up
• help administrators and curriculum
makers to better adjust instructional
offerings to the needs of the students.
• serve to encourage students by letting
them know that their school is following
their careers and is concerned with
their success in their chosen life work.
THE FOLLOW-UP SERVICE
Purposes of the
out-of-school follow-up
• To instil in the graduates a sense of belongingness
and security which result when a school continues to
seek the advancement and satisfaction of its alumni.
• To analyse the effectiveness of the school curricula.
• To secure occupational information.
• To secure data for the curriculum revision.
• To secure data for the prevention of school drop-outs.
• To train the students in the needs of community
enterprises.
• To offer citizenship training that makes for satisfied
and adjusted members of the community.
• To offer proper graduate guidance education.
©Jamaica Olazo
TECHNIQUES FOR
FOLLOW-UP STUDIES
 Among the
techniques for follow-
up studies which have
been found to be
successful are:
 Questionnaires for
former students.
 Questionnaires for
employers.
 Interviews with
former students.
 Interviews with
employers.
 A study of former
students in
directories and
personnel records.
 Studies of former
students at
homecoming time.
 Reports form
institutions of higher
learning.
©Jamaica Olazo
THE
COUNSELLING
SERVICES
COUNSELLING
is the core of the guidance program.
As the most vital aspect of guidance,
counselling as used in the book, is a
form of intervention that leads to a
more effective behaviour.
Is a type of talking therapy that allows a person to
talk their problems and feelings in a confidential
and dependable environment.
Dugald Arbuckle
A process in which the
counsellor assists the
counselee to make
interpretations of facts
relating to a choice, plan
or adjustment which he
needs to make.
Other Definitions of Counselling
Carl Rogers
Definitely structured,
permissive relationship
which allows the client
to gain an
understanding of
himself to a degree
which enables him to
take positive steps in the
light of his new situation.
Other Definitions of Counselling
Gilbert Wrenn
Is concerned with
decision – making
skills and problem
resolution where the
counsellor aids in
decision - making, in
expanding his
behaviour patterns in
desired directions.
Other Definitions of Counselling
Donald Stefflre
Counselling is a learning
– teaching process, for
the client learns about
his life space.
Pietrofesa et al.
Counselling is a
professional service
offered by a competent
counsellor.
Clarence
Dunsmoor
A face-to-face
conversation
between a pupil and
a member of the
school staff for the
purpose of
considering some of
his problems and a
desirable course of
action.
Other Definitions of Counselling
PURPOSES OF
COUNSELLING
©Jamaica Olazo
MERLE OHLSEN OFFERS THE
SECONDARY PURPOSES OF
COUNSELING:
To provide information important to a person's
growth and development.
To get information from persons which will be of
help to them in solving their problems.
To establish a feeling of mutual understanding
between pupils/students and teacher.
To help the individuals work out a plan for
solving their difficulties.
To help the individuals know themselves better,
their interests, abilities, aptitudes, and available
opportunities.
©Jamaica Olazo
FIVE GENERAL
GOALS OF
COUNSELLING
©Jamaica Olazo
Facilitating
behavior change
Improving client's
ability to cope
Enhancing the client's
ability to cope
Promoting the decision-
making process
Facilitating client potential
and development
Five General
Goals of
Counselling
TYPES OF
COUNSELLING
©Jamaica Olazo
Directive Counseling
Also termed as “CLINICAL
COUNSELLING” associated with the
clinical method by Williamson this
type of counselling is mostly
counsellor-centred because it
allows the counsellor to give the
counselee information about the
latter, his/her opportunities , and
his/her problems.
TYPES OF COUNSELLING
Nondirective Counseling
This type of counselling is an
offshoot of the theories of Rogers
and Strang.
This type is regarded as client-
centered because the responsibility
is given to the clients for exploring
their own problem.
TYPES OF COUNSELLING
Eclectic Counselling
A combination of the good features
of the directive and non-directive
counselling is eclectic counselling.
TYPES OF COUNSELLING
ELEMENTS OF
COUNSELLING
©Jamaica Olazo
1.The Counsellor-
the “helper” in the counselling
process; a person who is
professionally capable to
extend help.
ELEMENTS OF COUNSELLING
2. The Counselee
the “helpee” in the counselling
relationship; the person who
seeks help and lets
himself/herself be subject for
counselling.
3. The counselling
environment
– a place to facilitate
counselling. A clinic, office
or a counselling cubicle
but most of all a good
counselling relationships
that should prosper.
PRINCIPLES OF
COUNSELLING
PRINCIPLES OF
INDIVIDUALIZATION
requires the counsellor to
recognize and understand
the clients unique
characteristics.
Recognition and
understanding of their
Unique characteristics
give them the feeling that
they are treated
individuals.
PRINCIPLES OF COUNSELLING
 Each clients is a unique
individual.
 Each problem s/he present
is a specific one.
 Each counselling
relationship should be
based on the client and the
peculiar circumstances
which brought about the
problems.
PRINCIPLE OF PURPOSEFUL
EXPRESSION OF FEELINGS
The counselor must
recognize the clients’
need to express their
feelings freely. The
feelings of clients,
whether they are
negative or positive
should be expressed in
the counseling process.
PRINCIPLES OF COUNSELLING
 Observing the clients is as
important as listening to what
they say and what they do not
say.
 client’ gesture
 clients’ manner of self-
expression
 encourage the clients to
express their feelings
 include trust and
confidence of the client
PRINCIPLE OF CONTROLLED
EMOTIONAL INVOLVEMENT
This principle implies
that the counselor
avoid being
overwhelmed by the
counselee’s emotions
during the counseling
process.
PRINCIPLES OF COUNSELLING
 He should be sensitive and
responsive to the client’s
feeling without being too
emotionally involved.
 empathizing with them
 temper his/her emotional
involvement with clients
 by keeping the right
Perspective
PRINCIPLE OF ACCEPTANCE
When the counsellor
takes the clients as they
really are:
Persons with dignity,
personal worth, and
positive and negative
Characteristics, he/she is
actually putting into
practice the principle of
acceptance.
PRINCIPLES OF COUNSELLING
 Acceptance forms
• provides the clients
security which may
relieve their anxiety
about their problem.
• helps maintain the inner
sense of dignity of the
clients’ inner sense of
dignity
PRINCIPLE OF
NON-JUDGEMENTAL ATTITUDE
Based on the need for
the counsellor to be
free of preconceived
notions.
Evaluate rather than
judge his/her client’s
attitudes and
behaviour.
PRINCIPLES OF COUNSELLING
 Careful appraisal and
study of the counsellor
should:
 evaluate his/her clients’
attitudes and behaviour
objectively
 avoid comparing the client
with another person who has
a similar problem.
 not allow prejudices to affect
the counselling process.
PRINCIPLE OF CLIENT
SELF DETERMINATION
Revolves around the
right and the need of
the clients to be free
to make their own
choices and decisions.
The adolescents have
both the right and the
need to be free to
make their own
choices and decisions.
PRINCIPLES OF COUNSELLING
• It is the counsellor's ability to:
• respect their right and
stimulate their potential
for self determination.
• offer them options or
alternatives upon which to base
their decision
• be able to present as many
alternatives as possible
• create an atmosphere
conducive to problem-solving
PRINCIPLE OF CONFIDENTIALITY
Confidentialityis the
preservation of secret
information disclosed by the
client during the counselling
process.
This principle lays down
the responsibility of
counsellors to safeguards
any confidential
information shared
during counselling.
PRINCIPLES OF COUNSELLING
• It is the counsellor's
responsibility to:
• to ensure privacy during the
interview.
• illustrate adherence to the
importance of her
confidentiality.
• respect this right
• developing trust between the
counsellor and the client
Thank you!!!
©Jamaica Olazo

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Guidance and Counselling: Guidance Services

  • 2. • Follow-up in guidance applies to in-school and out-of-school situations. • Intended to secure information about former students. • To provide continuing services for students after they leave school. • It applies to recheck on the effectiveness of in- school guidance services, as well as a recheck on the school’s instructional program after the students have terminated their school experience. THE FOLLOW-UP SERVICE ©Jamaica Olazo
  • 3. Benefits In-school Follow-up • help students make good adjustments. • diminishes the number of drop-outs. Out-of-school Follow-up • help administrators and curriculum makers to better adjust instructional offerings to the needs of the students. • serve to encourage students by letting them know that their school is following their careers and is concerned with their success in their chosen life work. THE FOLLOW-UP SERVICE
  • 4. Purposes of the out-of-school follow-up • To instil in the graduates a sense of belongingness and security which result when a school continues to seek the advancement and satisfaction of its alumni. • To analyse the effectiveness of the school curricula. • To secure occupational information. • To secure data for the curriculum revision. • To secure data for the prevention of school drop-outs. • To train the students in the needs of community enterprises. • To offer citizenship training that makes for satisfied and adjusted members of the community. • To offer proper graduate guidance education. ©Jamaica Olazo
  • 5. TECHNIQUES FOR FOLLOW-UP STUDIES  Among the techniques for follow- up studies which have been found to be successful are:  Questionnaires for former students.  Questionnaires for employers.  Interviews with former students.  Interviews with employers.  A study of former students in directories and personnel records.  Studies of former students at homecoming time.  Reports form institutions of higher learning. ©Jamaica Olazo
  • 7. COUNSELLING is the core of the guidance program. As the most vital aspect of guidance, counselling as used in the book, is a form of intervention that leads to a more effective behaviour. Is a type of talking therapy that allows a person to talk their problems and feelings in a confidential and dependable environment.
  • 8. Dugald Arbuckle A process in which the counsellor assists the counselee to make interpretations of facts relating to a choice, plan or adjustment which he needs to make. Other Definitions of Counselling
  • 9. Carl Rogers Definitely structured, permissive relationship which allows the client to gain an understanding of himself to a degree which enables him to take positive steps in the light of his new situation. Other Definitions of Counselling
  • 10. Gilbert Wrenn Is concerned with decision – making skills and problem resolution where the counsellor aids in decision - making, in expanding his behaviour patterns in desired directions. Other Definitions of Counselling
  • 11. Donald Stefflre Counselling is a learning – teaching process, for the client learns about his life space. Pietrofesa et al. Counselling is a professional service offered by a competent counsellor. Clarence Dunsmoor A face-to-face conversation between a pupil and a member of the school staff for the purpose of considering some of his problems and a desirable course of action. Other Definitions of Counselling
  • 13. MERLE OHLSEN OFFERS THE SECONDARY PURPOSES OF COUNSELING: To provide information important to a person's growth and development. To get information from persons which will be of help to them in solving their problems. To establish a feeling of mutual understanding between pupils/students and teacher. To help the individuals work out a plan for solving their difficulties. To help the individuals know themselves better, their interests, abilities, aptitudes, and available opportunities. ©Jamaica Olazo
  • 15. Facilitating behavior change Improving client's ability to cope Enhancing the client's ability to cope Promoting the decision- making process Facilitating client potential and development Five General Goals of Counselling
  • 17. Directive Counseling Also termed as “CLINICAL COUNSELLING” associated with the clinical method by Williamson this type of counselling is mostly counsellor-centred because it allows the counsellor to give the counselee information about the latter, his/her opportunities , and his/her problems. TYPES OF COUNSELLING
  • 18. Nondirective Counseling This type of counselling is an offshoot of the theories of Rogers and Strang. This type is regarded as client- centered because the responsibility is given to the clients for exploring their own problem. TYPES OF COUNSELLING
  • 19. Eclectic Counselling A combination of the good features of the directive and non-directive counselling is eclectic counselling. TYPES OF COUNSELLING
  • 21. 1.The Counsellor- the “helper” in the counselling process; a person who is professionally capable to extend help. ELEMENTS OF COUNSELLING 2. The Counselee the “helpee” in the counselling relationship; the person who seeks help and lets himself/herself be subject for counselling. 3. The counselling environment – a place to facilitate counselling. A clinic, office or a counselling cubicle but most of all a good counselling relationships that should prosper.
  • 23. PRINCIPLES OF INDIVIDUALIZATION requires the counsellor to recognize and understand the clients unique characteristics. Recognition and understanding of their Unique characteristics give them the feeling that they are treated individuals. PRINCIPLES OF COUNSELLING  Each clients is a unique individual.  Each problem s/he present is a specific one.  Each counselling relationship should be based on the client and the peculiar circumstances which brought about the problems.
  • 24. PRINCIPLE OF PURPOSEFUL EXPRESSION OF FEELINGS The counselor must recognize the clients’ need to express their feelings freely. The feelings of clients, whether they are negative or positive should be expressed in the counseling process. PRINCIPLES OF COUNSELLING  Observing the clients is as important as listening to what they say and what they do not say.  client’ gesture  clients’ manner of self- expression  encourage the clients to express their feelings  include trust and confidence of the client
  • 25. PRINCIPLE OF CONTROLLED EMOTIONAL INVOLVEMENT This principle implies that the counselor avoid being overwhelmed by the counselee’s emotions during the counseling process. PRINCIPLES OF COUNSELLING  He should be sensitive and responsive to the client’s feeling without being too emotionally involved.  empathizing with them  temper his/her emotional involvement with clients  by keeping the right Perspective
  • 26. PRINCIPLE OF ACCEPTANCE When the counsellor takes the clients as they really are: Persons with dignity, personal worth, and positive and negative Characteristics, he/she is actually putting into practice the principle of acceptance. PRINCIPLES OF COUNSELLING  Acceptance forms • provides the clients security which may relieve their anxiety about their problem. • helps maintain the inner sense of dignity of the clients’ inner sense of dignity
  • 27. PRINCIPLE OF NON-JUDGEMENTAL ATTITUDE Based on the need for the counsellor to be free of preconceived notions. Evaluate rather than judge his/her client’s attitudes and behaviour. PRINCIPLES OF COUNSELLING  Careful appraisal and study of the counsellor should:  evaluate his/her clients’ attitudes and behaviour objectively  avoid comparing the client with another person who has a similar problem.  not allow prejudices to affect the counselling process.
  • 28. PRINCIPLE OF CLIENT SELF DETERMINATION Revolves around the right and the need of the clients to be free to make their own choices and decisions. The adolescents have both the right and the need to be free to make their own choices and decisions. PRINCIPLES OF COUNSELLING • It is the counsellor's ability to: • respect their right and stimulate their potential for self determination. • offer them options or alternatives upon which to base their decision • be able to present as many alternatives as possible • create an atmosphere conducive to problem-solving
  • 29. PRINCIPLE OF CONFIDENTIALITY Confidentialityis the preservation of secret information disclosed by the client during the counselling process. This principle lays down the responsibility of counsellors to safeguards any confidential information shared during counselling. PRINCIPLES OF COUNSELLING • It is the counsellor's responsibility to: • to ensure privacy during the interview. • illustrate adherence to the importance of her confidentiality. • respect this right • developing trust between the counsellor and the client