SlideShare a Scribd company logo
FIRST PHILIPPINE 
REPUBLIC 
in Asia by Asians 
Born during a war 
for independence. 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
85 FILIPINOS MET IN 
A REVOLUTIONARY 
CONGRESS 
(September 15, 1898) 
BARASOAIN CHURCH 
@ MALOLOS, BULACAN 
CONGRESS & CONSTITUTION 
Pedro Paterno 
President of the 
MALOLOS CONGRESS 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
MALOLOS 
CONGRESS 
Approved the independence 
of the Philippines. 
Started the making of a new 
constitution. 
CONSTITUTION 
Basic law of the Government 
MALOLOS CONSTITUTION 
 The constitution of 
the First Philippine 
Republic. 
 Written in Malolos, 
Bulacan. 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
THE MALOLOS 
CONSTITUTION 
Basic law of the Government 
FELIPE CALDERON 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
THE FIRST 
PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC 
“Great is the day, glorious this date, 
and forever memorable this moment 
in which our beloved people are raised 
to the joy of independence.” 
INAGURATION 
- Emilio Aguinaldo 
(President of the First Republic) 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
- the official newspaper of the 
government. 
- an independent newspaper ran by 
General Antonio Luna and other Filipinos. 
FELIPE AGONCILLO 
the first Filipino diplomat sent to Paris 
and Washington to work for recognition 
of Philippine Independence. 
Other diplomats in Japan, France, 
England and Australia. 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
© Jamaica C. Olazo
Americans pretended that the 
Filipinos had brutally attacked them. 
February 4, 1899 
at 8pm, an American 
sharpshooter, Private 
William W. Grayson of First 
Nebraska Volunteers, shot 
and killed a Filipino soldier 
crossing the San Juan Bridge. 
February 6, 1899 
the American Senate passed 
the Treaty of Paris, making 
the Philippines a colony of 
the United States. It was 
approved by only one vote 
majority. 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
The US paid Spain the 
amount of twenty million 
dollars ($20,000,000.00) 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
THE FILIPINO-AMERICAN 
WAR 
It was the second fight 
for independence by 
the Filipinos. 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
March 31, 1899 
The Americans 
captured Malolos, 
which was then the 
Capital of the First 
Philippine Republic. 
February 5, 1899 
The American navy 
bombarded the 
Filipino positions in 
Manila 
February 5, 1899 
Generals Aniceto 
Lacson and Juan 
Araneta organized the 
“Republic of Negros”. 
December 19, 1899 
General Henry C. 
Lawton was killed by 
the Filipino troops 
during the Battle in 
San Mateo, Rizal. 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
THE FILIPINO-AMERICAN 
WAR 
Major General Henry Lawton 
The conqueror of the American- 
Indian chief Geronimo. 
o He was conquered by the 
Filipino “Geronimo” General 
Licerio Geronimo and his 
men. 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
GUERILLA WARFARE 
fought with old 
rifles and guns, 
bamboo spears 
fought with cannons, 
machine guns, automatic 
rifles, and plenty of 
ammunition and supplies 
Filipinos VS Americans 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
AGUINALDO’S GUERILLA 
WARFARE IN 1899 
was EARLIER than Mao Zedong’s 
Chinese guerillas in the 1940s 
and Ho Chi Minh’s Vietnamese 
guerillas in the 1970s. 
MAO ZEDONG 
1893 -1976 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
FILIPINOS LOSE THE WAR 
APOLINARIO MABINI 
ANTONIO LUNA 
Defended the Tirad Pass 
GREGORIO DEL PILAR 
killed by Aguinaldo’s 
bodyguards on June 5, 1899 
Aguinaldo’s prime minister 
who was arrested and 
deported to Guam. 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
Luzon – Antonio Luna, Paciano Rizal, 
Pantaleon Garcia, and Artemio Ricarte 
Central Luzon – Tomas Mascardo, 
Maximo Hizon, and Sevillano Aquino 
Batangas – Miguel Malvar, foungt until 
April 16, 1902. 
Laguna – Juan Caillas 
Cavite – Mariano Frias 
Iloilo – Martin Delgado, Teresa and 
Magbanua brothers 
Bicol – Vito Belarmino and Jose Papua 
Samar – Vicente Lucban 
Simeon Ola – the last Filipino General 
to surrender to the Americans. 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
of the First President Emilio Aguinaldo 
Cordillera 
Mountains – the 
place where 
Aguinaldo and his 
staff fled. 
Palanan, Isabela 
– the place of his 
headquarters which 
was unknown to the 
Americans. 
AMERICAN EXPEDITION 
- Consists of 5 American officers and 85 Filipinos (who 
were on the side of the Americans). 
- The Americans pretended to be prisoners of war of the 
Filipinos so that they could enter the secret camp on 
March 23, 1901. 
- As soon as they entered the camp, they attacked the 
guards and captured Aguinaldo. 
- Aguinaldo was taken to Manila. 
- He was greeted by General Arthur McArthur, the 
American military governor, at Malacanang Palace. 
- On April 19, 1901, Aguinaldo took the oath of 
Allegiance to the United States. 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
HISTORICAL VALUES 
Filipinos should be proud that the first 
independent republic in Asia by Asians 
was established by Aguinaldo in the 
Philippines from 1989 to 1901. 
Filipinos are brave and sturdy people 
who will fight for their rights and 
independence, even if they lose. 
Filipinos lost the Filipino-American war 
because they were not united and they 
had inferior weapons. 
Like all wars, the Filipino-American 
war was very bloody and expensive. 
• The Americans sent 126,248 
troops, of whom 4,234 died. 
• They have spent a vast sum of 
$16,000. 
• 200,000 civilian died of 
starvation and/or diseases. 
• Property worth of billions of 
pesos was damaged. 
We should remember and honor president 
Aguinaldo and other heroes of this era 
because they fought with courage and honor. 
These veterans of the revolution were the 
real founding father of our independence. 
© Jamaica C. Olazo
THANK 
YOU! 
© Jamaica C. Olazo  
Download a copy @ www.slideshare.net/jam18

More Related Content

What's hot

Filipino American WAR
Filipino American WARFilipino American WAR
The philippine revolution
The philippine revolutionThe philippine revolution
The philippine revolution
James Prae Liclican
 
Freedom and independence
Freedom and independenceFreedom and independence
Freedom and independence
Kristine Camille Bigaw
 
The first philippines republic and the filipinoamerican war
The first philippines republic and the filipinoamerican warThe first philippines republic and the filipinoamerican war
The first philippines republic and the filipinoamerican war
Olhen Rence Duque
 
American colonization
American colonizationAmerican colonization
American colonization
Cheryl Marie Yu
 
Philippine American War (1899-1902)
Philippine American War (1899-1902)Philippine American War (1899-1902)
Philippine American War (1899-1902)
Christian Keruel Laurente
 
American and Japanese Occupation
American and Japanese OccupationAmerican and Japanese Occupation
American and Japanese Occupation
Melanie Bonita
 
THE FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC
THE FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLICTHE FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC
THE FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC
wynnmlmbn
 
American colonial rule
American colonial ruleAmerican colonial rule
American colonial rule
Sheila Marie Cesario
 
American Occupation in the Philippines
American Occupation in the PhilippinesAmerican Occupation in the Philippines
American Occupation in the Philippines
John Ver Sosas
 
chapter 15: philippine revolution and CHAPTER 16: the coming of america
chapter 15: philippine  revolution and CHAPTER 16: the coming of americachapter 15: philippine  revolution and CHAPTER 16: the coming of america
chapter 15: philippine revolution and CHAPTER 16: the coming of america
Carlagane Compoc Sarajena
 
Chapter 12 The Struggle Continues (1897-1898)
Chapter 12 The Struggle Continues (1897-1898)Chapter 12 The Struggle Continues (1897-1898)
Chapter 12 The Struggle Continues (1897-1898)
joanaseyer
 
Commonwealth and Japanese Period
Commonwealth and Japanese PeriodCommonwealth and Japanese Period
Commonwealth and Japanese Period
Lauriz Aclan
 
The battles of the philippine revolution
The battles of the philippine revolutionThe battles of the philippine revolution
The battles of the philippine revolution
Thirdy Malit
 
Philippines during japanese occupation
Philippines during japanese occupationPhilippines during japanese occupation
Philippines during japanese occupation
cathydeguzman013
 
Spanish American War
Spanish American WarSpanish American War
Spanish American War
Junhel Dalanon
 
Philippine history (some) event timeline
Philippine history (some) event timelinePhilippine history (some) event timeline
Philippine history (some) event timeline
kessa maru
 
Katipunan
KatipunanKatipunan
Katipunan
Junhel Dalanon
 
The philippine revolution
The philippine revolutionThe philippine revolution
The philippine revolution
Cute_04
 
Philippines wwii
Philippines wwiiPhilippines wwii
Philippines wwii
patrickblanco
 

What's hot (20)

Filipino American WAR
Filipino American WARFilipino American WAR
Filipino American WAR
 
The philippine revolution
The philippine revolutionThe philippine revolution
The philippine revolution
 
Freedom and independence
Freedom and independenceFreedom and independence
Freedom and independence
 
The first philippines republic and the filipinoamerican war
The first philippines republic and the filipinoamerican warThe first philippines republic and the filipinoamerican war
The first philippines republic and the filipinoamerican war
 
American colonization
American colonizationAmerican colonization
American colonization
 
Philippine American War (1899-1902)
Philippine American War (1899-1902)Philippine American War (1899-1902)
Philippine American War (1899-1902)
 
American and Japanese Occupation
American and Japanese OccupationAmerican and Japanese Occupation
American and Japanese Occupation
 
THE FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC
THE FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLICTHE FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC
THE FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC
 
American colonial rule
American colonial ruleAmerican colonial rule
American colonial rule
 
American Occupation in the Philippines
American Occupation in the PhilippinesAmerican Occupation in the Philippines
American Occupation in the Philippines
 
chapter 15: philippine revolution and CHAPTER 16: the coming of america
chapter 15: philippine  revolution and CHAPTER 16: the coming of americachapter 15: philippine  revolution and CHAPTER 16: the coming of america
chapter 15: philippine revolution and CHAPTER 16: the coming of america
 
Chapter 12 The Struggle Continues (1897-1898)
Chapter 12 The Struggle Continues (1897-1898)Chapter 12 The Struggle Continues (1897-1898)
Chapter 12 The Struggle Continues (1897-1898)
 
Commonwealth and Japanese Period
Commonwealth and Japanese PeriodCommonwealth and Japanese Period
Commonwealth and Japanese Period
 
The battles of the philippine revolution
The battles of the philippine revolutionThe battles of the philippine revolution
The battles of the philippine revolution
 
Philippines during japanese occupation
Philippines during japanese occupationPhilippines during japanese occupation
Philippines during japanese occupation
 
Spanish American War
Spanish American WarSpanish American War
Spanish American War
 
Philippine history (some) event timeline
Philippine history (some) event timelinePhilippine history (some) event timeline
Philippine history (some) event timeline
 
Katipunan
KatipunanKatipunan
Katipunan
 
The philippine revolution
The philippine revolutionThe philippine revolution
The philippine revolution
 
Philippines wwii
Philippines wwiiPhilippines wwii
Philippines wwii
 

Viewers also liked

The Philippine American War (1899 - 1902)
The Philippine American War (1899 - 1902)The Philippine American War (1899 - 1902)
The Philippine American War (1899 - 1902)
Jonrey Pineda
 
The philippine revolution
The philippine revolutionThe philippine revolution
The philippine revolution
kRsh jAra fEraNdeZ
 
American Colonization Period in the Philippines (1901-1935)
American Colonization Period in the Philippines (1901-1935)American Colonization Period in the Philippines (1901-1935)
American Colonization Period in the Philippines (1901-1935)
Shanish Asuncion
 
Changes in the Philippines during the American period
Changes in the Philippines during the American periodChanges in the Philippines during the American period
Changes in the Philippines during the American period
Julienne Regalado
 
The British Invasions[1]
The British Invasions[1]The British Invasions[1]
The British Invasions[1]
emilee_chs
 
Filipino resistance to colonial rule
Filipino resistance to colonial ruleFilipino resistance to colonial rule
Filipino resistance to colonial rule
Virna Tan
 
Filipino revolts
Filipino revoltsFilipino revolts
Filipino revolts
percibal atilano
 
C37 thuật ngữ kế toán anh - việt
C37   thuật ngữ kế toán anh - việtC37   thuật ngữ kế toán anh - việt
C37 thuật ngữ kế toán anh - việt
Tâm Phúc Hồ
 
American rule
American ruleAmerican rule
American rule
Joshua Puri
 
The Pearl Harbor Attack
The Pearl Harbor AttackThe Pearl Harbor Attack
The Pearl Harbor Attack
Hafsah Khan
 
Pearl Harbor
Pearl HarborPearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor
Ben Dover
 
Our latin american heritage
Our latin american heritageOur latin american heritage
Our latin american heritage
James Prae Liclican
 
Chapter 12, the british invasion
Chapter 12, the british invasionChapter 12, the british invasion
Chapter 12, the british invasion
James Prae Liclican
 
Hist2 10 the philippine revolution
Hist2   10 the philippine revolutionHist2   10 the philippine revolution
Hist2 10 the philippine revolution
Yvan Gumbao
 
The Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The Bombing of Hiroshima and NagasakiThe Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Ben Dover
 
The Philippine Revolution 1898
The Philippine Revolution 1898The Philippine Revolution 1898
The Philippine Revolution 1898
Monte Christo
 
Philippine Presidents
Philippine PresidentsPhilippine Presidents
Philippine Presidents
school
 
Marcos administration
Marcos administrationMarcos administration
Marcos administration
Alvin Lalong-isip
 
Our american heritage
Our american heritageOur american heritage
Our american heritage
James Prae Liclican
 

Viewers also liked (19)

The Philippine American War (1899 - 1902)
The Philippine American War (1899 - 1902)The Philippine American War (1899 - 1902)
The Philippine American War (1899 - 1902)
 
The philippine revolution
The philippine revolutionThe philippine revolution
The philippine revolution
 
American Colonization Period in the Philippines (1901-1935)
American Colonization Period in the Philippines (1901-1935)American Colonization Period in the Philippines (1901-1935)
American Colonization Period in the Philippines (1901-1935)
 
Changes in the Philippines during the American period
Changes in the Philippines during the American periodChanges in the Philippines during the American period
Changes in the Philippines during the American period
 
The British Invasions[1]
The British Invasions[1]The British Invasions[1]
The British Invasions[1]
 
Filipino resistance to colonial rule
Filipino resistance to colonial ruleFilipino resistance to colonial rule
Filipino resistance to colonial rule
 
Filipino revolts
Filipino revoltsFilipino revolts
Filipino revolts
 
C37 thuật ngữ kế toán anh - việt
C37   thuật ngữ kế toán anh - việtC37   thuật ngữ kế toán anh - việt
C37 thuật ngữ kế toán anh - việt
 
American rule
American ruleAmerican rule
American rule
 
The Pearl Harbor Attack
The Pearl Harbor AttackThe Pearl Harbor Attack
The Pearl Harbor Attack
 
Pearl Harbor
Pearl HarborPearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor
 
Our latin american heritage
Our latin american heritageOur latin american heritage
Our latin american heritage
 
Chapter 12, the british invasion
Chapter 12, the british invasionChapter 12, the british invasion
Chapter 12, the british invasion
 
Hist2 10 the philippine revolution
Hist2   10 the philippine revolutionHist2   10 the philippine revolution
Hist2 10 the philippine revolution
 
The Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The Bombing of Hiroshima and NagasakiThe Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
 
The Philippine Revolution 1898
The Philippine Revolution 1898The Philippine Revolution 1898
The Philippine Revolution 1898
 
Philippine Presidents
Philippine PresidentsPhilippine Presidents
Philippine Presidents
 
Marcos administration
Marcos administrationMarcos administration
Marcos administration
 
Our american heritage
Our american heritageOur american heritage
Our american heritage
 

Similar to The First Philippine Republic and the Filipino-American War

Philippine - American War Power Point.pptx
Philippine - American War Power Point.pptxPhilippine - American War Power Point.pptx
Philippine - American War Power Point.pptx
LyrehcAblasi
 
The Act of Proclamation of the Independence of the Filipino people
The Act of Proclamation of the Independence of the Filipino peopleThe Act of Proclamation of the Independence of the Filipino people
The Act of Proclamation of the Independence of the Filipino people
niesha12
 
TOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptx
TOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptxTOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptx
TOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptx
TongierlynCorda1
 
TOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptx
TOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptxTOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptx
TOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptx
TongierlynCorda1
 
American period
American periodAmerican period
American period
abigail Dayrit
 
History powerpoint
History powerpointHistory powerpoint
History powerpoint
Rachelle Ann Pamintuan
 
Historical timeline
Historical timelineHistorical timeline
Historical timeline
Angelica Camilon
 
Timeline of the philippine history from spanish era japanese era
Timeline of the philippine history from spanish era   japanese eraTimeline of the philippine history from spanish era   japanese era
Timeline of the philippine history from spanish era japanese era
Renito Azarcon
 
Timeline of the philippine history from spanish era japanese era
Timeline of the philippine history from spanish era   japanese eraTimeline of the philippine history from spanish era   japanese era
Timeline of the philippine history from spanish era japanese era
Renito Azarcon
 
Timeline of philippine history
Timeline of philippine historyTimeline of philippine history
Timeline of philippine history
Sasah Salinas
 
Different occupation-in-the-philippines(1)
Different occupation-in-the-philippines(1)Different occupation-in-the-philippines(1)
Different occupation-in-the-philippines(1)
maricris bago
 
Mine
MineMine
Return of Aguinaldo and the Declaration of the Philippine Independence.pptx
Return of Aguinaldo and the Declaration of the Philippine Independence.pptxReturn of Aguinaldo and the Declaration of the Philippine Independence.pptx
Return of Aguinaldo and the Declaration of the Philippine Independence.pptx
KrisChanProd
 
dizza mae the birth of the nation & the american rule
dizza mae the birth of the nation & the american ruledizza mae the birth of the nation & the american rule
dizza mae the birth of the nation & the american rule
MARILOU BEGINO
 
the philippines war
the philippines warthe philippines war
the philippines war
rkoopa
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1
AUDAP Ynnej
 
American colonization final
American colonization finalAmerican colonization final
American colonization final
berdeventecinco
 
Week 14_The Philippine Independence - Copy.pdf
Week 14_The Philippine Independence - Copy.pdfWeek 14_The Philippine Independence - Copy.pdf
Week 14_The Philippine Independence - Copy.pdf
LoretoJrEvangelista
 
Independence updated 2
Independence updated 2Independence updated 2
Independence updated 2
airenik
 
The Philippine History
The Philippine HistoryThe Philippine History
The Philippine History
Andrea Gail Chiongson
 

Similar to The First Philippine Republic and the Filipino-American War (20)

Philippine - American War Power Point.pptx
Philippine - American War Power Point.pptxPhilippine - American War Power Point.pptx
Philippine - American War Power Point.pptx
 
The Act of Proclamation of the Independence of the Filipino people
The Act of Proclamation of the Independence of the Filipino peopleThe Act of Proclamation of the Independence of the Filipino people
The Act of Proclamation of the Independence of the Filipino people
 
TOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptx
TOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptxTOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptx
TOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptx
 
TOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptx
TOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptxTOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptx
TOPIC 6 PROCLAMTION OF PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE.pptx
 
American period
American periodAmerican period
American period
 
History powerpoint
History powerpointHistory powerpoint
History powerpoint
 
Historical timeline
Historical timelineHistorical timeline
Historical timeline
 
Timeline of the philippine history from spanish era japanese era
Timeline of the philippine history from spanish era   japanese eraTimeline of the philippine history from spanish era   japanese era
Timeline of the philippine history from spanish era japanese era
 
Timeline of the philippine history from spanish era japanese era
Timeline of the philippine history from spanish era   japanese eraTimeline of the philippine history from spanish era   japanese era
Timeline of the philippine history from spanish era japanese era
 
Timeline of philippine history
Timeline of philippine historyTimeline of philippine history
Timeline of philippine history
 
Different occupation-in-the-philippines(1)
Different occupation-in-the-philippines(1)Different occupation-in-the-philippines(1)
Different occupation-in-the-philippines(1)
 
Mine
MineMine
Mine
 
Return of Aguinaldo and the Declaration of the Philippine Independence.pptx
Return of Aguinaldo and the Declaration of the Philippine Independence.pptxReturn of Aguinaldo and the Declaration of the Philippine Independence.pptx
Return of Aguinaldo and the Declaration of the Philippine Independence.pptx
 
dizza mae the birth of the nation & the american rule
dizza mae the birth of the nation & the american ruledizza mae the birth of the nation & the american rule
dizza mae the birth of the nation & the american rule
 
the philippines war
the philippines warthe philippines war
the philippines war
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1
 
American colonization final
American colonization finalAmerican colonization final
American colonization final
 
Week 14_The Philippine Independence - Copy.pdf
Week 14_The Philippine Independence - Copy.pdfWeek 14_The Philippine Independence - Copy.pdf
Week 14_The Philippine Independence - Copy.pdf
 
Independence updated 2
Independence updated 2Independence updated 2
Independence updated 2
 
The Philippine History
The Philippine HistoryThe Philippine History
The Philippine History
 

More from Jamaica Olazo

2010 Educational Facilities Manual
2010 Educational Facilities Manual2010 Educational Facilities Manual
2010 Educational Facilities Manual
Jamaica Olazo
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Closing Program
BRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Closing ProgramBRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Closing Program
BRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Closing Program
Jamaica Olazo
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Opening Program
BRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Opening ProgramBRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Opening Program
BRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Opening Program
Jamaica Olazo
 
ORIGAMI PRODUCTION
ORIGAMI PRODUCTIONORIGAMI PRODUCTION
ORIGAMI PRODUCTION
Jamaica Olazo
 
MVTS Family Week
MVTS Family WeekMVTS Family Week
MVTS Family Week
Jamaica Olazo
 
ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR SCHOOL PAPER ADVISERS ASSOCIATION INC LOGO
ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR SCHOOL PAPER ADVISERS ASSOCIATION INC LOGOZAMBOANGA DEL SUR SCHOOL PAPER ADVISERS ASSOCIATION INC LOGO
ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR SCHOOL PAPER ADVISERS ASSOCIATION INC LOGO
Jamaica Olazo
 
DIVISION SCIENCE QUEST AND FAIR 2016
DIVISION SCIENCE QUEST AND FAIR 2016DIVISION SCIENCE QUEST AND FAIR 2016
DIVISION SCIENCE QUEST AND FAIR 2016
Jamaica Olazo
 
DIVISION SCHOOLS PRESS CONFERENCE 2017
DIVISION SCHOOLS PRESS CONFERENCE 2017DIVISION SCHOOLS PRESS CONFERENCE 2017
DIVISION SCHOOLS PRESS CONFERENCE 2017
Jamaica Olazo
 
Division of Zamboanga del Sur logo
Division of Zamboanga del Sur logoDivision of Zamboanga del Sur logo
Division of Zamboanga del Sur logo
Jamaica Olazo
 
MVTS SHS IMPLEMENTATION
MVTS SHS IMPLEMENTATIONMVTS SHS IMPLEMENTATION
MVTS SHS IMPLEMENTATION
Jamaica Olazo
 
The Teaching Profession
The Teaching ProfessionThe Teaching Profession
The Teaching Profession
Jamaica Olazo
 
THE CHURCH’S AUTHORITY GROWS
THE CHURCH’S AUTHORITY GROWSTHE CHURCH’S AUTHORITY GROWS
THE CHURCH’S AUTHORITY GROWS
Jamaica Olazo
 
Christian Leadership
Christian LeadershipChristian Leadership
Christian Leadership
Jamaica Olazo
 
MVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGO
MVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGOMVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGO
MVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGO
Jamaica Olazo
 
MVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGO
MVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGOMVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGO
MVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGO
Jamaica Olazo
 
MVTS GENERAL FACULTY MEETING
MVTS GENERAL FACULTY MEETINGMVTS GENERAL FACULTY MEETING
MVTS GENERAL FACULTY MEETING
Jamaica Olazo
 
DO 77, s. 2009 - Guidelines for the Conduct of Elections of the Parents-Teach...
DO 77, s. 2009 - Guidelines for the Conduct of Elections of the Parents-Teach...DO 77, s. 2009 - Guidelines for the Conduct of Elections of the Parents-Teach...
DO 77, s. 2009 - Guidelines for the Conduct of Elections of the Parents-Teach...
Jamaica Olazo
 
DO 54, s. 2009 - Revised Guidelines Governing Parents-Teachers Associations (...
DO 54, s. 2009 - Revised Guidelines Governing Parents-Teachers Associations (...DO 54, s. 2009 - Revised Guidelines Governing Parents-Teachers Associations (...
DO 54, s. 2009 - Revised Guidelines Governing Parents-Teachers Associations (...
Jamaica Olazo
 
MVTS Brigada Closing Program 2016
MVTS Brigada Closing Program 2016MVTS Brigada Closing Program 2016
MVTS Brigada Closing Program 2016
Jamaica Olazo
 
MVTS Brigada Opening Program 2016
MVTS Brigada Opening Program 2016MVTS Brigada Opening Program 2016
MVTS Brigada Opening Program 2016
Jamaica Olazo
 

More from Jamaica Olazo (20)

2010 Educational Facilities Manual
2010 Educational Facilities Manual2010 Educational Facilities Manual
2010 Educational Facilities Manual
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Closing Program
BRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Closing ProgramBRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Closing Program
BRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Closing Program
 
BRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Opening Program
BRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Opening ProgramBRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Opening Program
BRIGADA ESKWELA 2018 - Opening Program
 
ORIGAMI PRODUCTION
ORIGAMI PRODUCTIONORIGAMI PRODUCTION
ORIGAMI PRODUCTION
 
MVTS Family Week
MVTS Family WeekMVTS Family Week
MVTS Family Week
 
ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR SCHOOL PAPER ADVISERS ASSOCIATION INC LOGO
ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR SCHOOL PAPER ADVISERS ASSOCIATION INC LOGOZAMBOANGA DEL SUR SCHOOL PAPER ADVISERS ASSOCIATION INC LOGO
ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR SCHOOL PAPER ADVISERS ASSOCIATION INC LOGO
 
DIVISION SCIENCE QUEST AND FAIR 2016
DIVISION SCIENCE QUEST AND FAIR 2016DIVISION SCIENCE QUEST AND FAIR 2016
DIVISION SCIENCE QUEST AND FAIR 2016
 
DIVISION SCHOOLS PRESS CONFERENCE 2017
DIVISION SCHOOLS PRESS CONFERENCE 2017DIVISION SCHOOLS PRESS CONFERENCE 2017
DIVISION SCHOOLS PRESS CONFERENCE 2017
 
Division of Zamboanga del Sur logo
Division of Zamboanga del Sur logoDivision of Zamboanga del Sur logo
Division of Zamboanga del Sur logo
 
MVTS SHS IMPLEMENTATION
MVTS SHS IMPLEMENTATIONMVTS SHS IMPLEMENTATION
MVTS SHS IMPLEMENTATION
 
The Teaching Profession
The Teaching ProfessionThe Teaching Profession
The Teaching Profession
 
THE CHURCH’S AUTHORITY GROWS
THE CHURCH’S AUTHORITY GROWSTHE CHURCH’S AUTHORITY GROWS
THE CHURCH’S AUTHORITY GROWS
 
Christian Leadership
Christian LeadershipChristian Leadership
Christian Leadership
 
MVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGO
MVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGOMVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGO
MVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGO
 
MVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGO
MVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGOMVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGO
MVTS LOGO DEPED DIVISION LOGO
 
MVTS GENERAL FACULTY MEETING
MVTS GENERAL FACULTY MEETINGMVTS GENERAL FACULTY MEETING
MVTS GENERAL FACULTY MEETING
 
DO 77, s. 2009 - Guidelines for the Conduct of Elections of the Parents-Teach...
DO 77, s. 2009 - Guidelines for the Conduct of Elections of the Parents-Teach...DO 77, s. 2009 - Guidelines for the Conduct of Elections of the Parents-Teach...
DO 77, s. 2009 - Guidelines for the Conduct of Elections of the Parents-Teach...
 
DO 54, s. 2009 - Revised Guidelines Governing Parents-Teachers Associations (...
DO 54, s. 2009 - Revised Guidelines Governing Parents-Teachers Associations (...DO 54, s. 2009 - Revised Guidelines Governing Parents-Teachers Associations (...
DO 54, s. 2009 - Revised Guidelines Governing Parents-Teachers Associations (...
 
MVTS Brigada Closing Program 2016
MVTS Brigada Closing Program 2016MVTS Brigada Closing Program 2016
MVTS Brigada Closing Program 2016
 
MVTS Brigada Opening Program 2016
MVTS Brigada Opening Program 2016MVTS Brigada Opening Program 2016
MVTS Brigada Opening Program 2016
 

Recently uploaded

বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdfবাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
eBook.com.bd (প্রয়োজনীয় বাংলা বই)
 
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
PECB
 
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit InnovationLeveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
TechSoup
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collectionThe Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
Israel Genealogy Research Association
 
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdfANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
Priyankaranawat4
 
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama UniversityNatural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
Akanksha trivedi rama nursing college kanpur.
 
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf IslamabadPIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
AyyanKhan40
 
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdfA Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
Jean Carlos Nunes Paixão
 
คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1
คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1
คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1
สมใจ จันสุกสี
 
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdfclinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
Priyankaranawat4
 
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street NamesThe History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
History of Stoke Newington
 
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptxPengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Fajar Baskoro
 
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRMHow to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
Celine George
 
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP ModuleHow to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
Celine George
 
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
Dr. Shivangi Singh Parihar
 
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
Celine George
 
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptxC1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
mulvey2
 
Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptx
Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptxChapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptx
Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptx
Mohd Adib Abd Muin, Senior Lecturer at Universiti Utara Malaysia
 

Recently uploaded (20)

বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdfবাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
বাংলাদেশ অর্থনৈতিক সমীক্ষা (Economic Review) ২০২৪ UJS App.pdf
 
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 42001, and GDPR: Best Practices for Implementation and...
 
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
 
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit InnovationLeveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
Leveraging Generative AI to Drive Nonprofit Innovation
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
 
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collectionThe Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
 
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdfANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
 
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama UniversityNatural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
Natural birth techniques - Mrs.Akanksha Trivedi Rama University
 
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf IslamabadPIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
 
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdfA Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
A Independência da América Espanhola LAPBOOK.pdf
 
คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1
คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1
คำศัพท์ คำพื้นฐานการอ่าน ภาษาอังกฤษ ระดับชั้น ม.1
 
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdfclinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
clinical examination of hip joint (1).pdf
 
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street NamesThe History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
 
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptxPengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
 
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRMHow to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
How to Manage Your Lost Opportunities in Odoo 17 CRM
 
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP ModuleHow to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
 
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
PCOS corelations and management through Ayurveda.
 
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
How to Fix the Import Error in the Odoo 17
 
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptxC1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
 
Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptx
Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptxChapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptx
Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptx
 

The First Philippine Republic and the Filipino-American War

  • 1.
  • 2. FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC in Asia by Asians Born during a war for independence. © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 3. 85 FILIPINOS MET IN A REVOLUTIONARY CONGRESS (September 15, 1898) BARASOAIN CHURCH @ MALOLOS, BULACAN CONGRESS & CONSTITUTION Pedro Paterno President of the MALOLOS CONGRESS © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 4. MALOLOS CONGRESS Approved the independence of the Philippines. Started the making of a new constitution. CONSTITUTION Basic law of the Government MALOLOS CONSTITUTION  The constitution of the First Philippine Republic.  Written in Malolos, Bulacan. © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 5. THE MALOLOS CONSTITUTION Basic law of the Government FELIPE CALDERON © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 6. THE FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC “Great is the day, glorious this date, and forever memorable this moment in which our beloved people are raised to the joy of independence.” INAGURATION - Emilio Aguinaldo (President of the First Republic) © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 7. - the official newspaper of the government. - an independent newspaper ran by General Antonio Luna and other Filipinos. FELIPE AGONCILLO the first Filipino diplomat sent to Paris and Washington to work for recognition of Philippine Independence. Other diplomats in Japan, France, England and Australia. © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 9. Americans pretended that the Filipinos had brutally attacked them. February 4, 1899 at 8pm, an American sharpshooter, Private William W. Grayson of First Nebraska Volunteers, shot and killed a Filipino soldier crossing the San Juan Bridge. February 6, 1899 the American Senate passed the Treaty of Paris, making the Philippines a colony of the United States. It was approved by only one vote majority. © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 10. The US paid Spain the amount of twenty million dollars ($20,000,000.00) © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 11. THE FILIPINO-AMERICAN WAR It was the second fight for independence by the Filipinos. © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 12. March 31, 1899 The Americans captured Malolos, which was then the Capital of the First Philippine Republic. February 5, 1899 The American navy bombarded the Filipino positions in Manila February 5, 1899 Generals Aniceto Lacson and Juan Araneta organized the “Republic of Negros”. December 19, 1899 General Henry C. Lawton was killed by the Filipino troops during the Battle in San Mateo, Rizal. © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 13. THE FILIPINO-AMERICAN WAR Major General Henry Lawton The conqueror of the American- Indian chief Geronimo. o He was conquered by the Filipino “Geronimo” General Licerio Geronimo and his men. © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 14. GUERILLA WARFARE fought with old rifles and guns, bamboo spears fought with cannons, machine guns, automatic rifles, and plenty of ammunition and supplies Filipinos VS Americans © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 15. AGUINALDO’S GUERILLA WARFARE IN 1899 was EARLIER than Mao Zedong’s Chinese guerillas in the 1940s and Ho Chi Minh’s Vietnamese guerillas in the 1970s. MAO ZEDONG 1893 -1976 © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 16. FILIPINOS LOSE THE WAR APOLINARIO MABINI ANTONIO LUNA Defended the Tirad Pass GREGORIO DEL PILAR killed by Aguinaldo’s bodyguards on June 5, 1899 Aguinaldo’s prime minister who was arrested and deported to Guam. © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 17. Luzon – Antonio Luna, Paciano Rizal, Pantaleon Garcia, and Artemio Ricarte Central Luzon – Tomas Mascardo, Maximo Hizon, and Sevillano Aquino Batangas – Miguel Malvar, foungt until April 16, 1902. Laguna – Juan Caillas Cavite – Mariano Frias Iloilo – Martin Delgado, Teresa and Magbanua brothers Bicol – Vito Belarmino and Jose Papua Samar – Vicente Lucban Simeon Ola – the last Filipino General to surrender to the Americans. © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 18. of the First President Emilio Aguinaldo Cordillera Mountains – the place where Aguinaldo and his staff fled. Palanan, Isabela – the place of his headquarters which was unknown to the Americans. AMERICAN EXPEDITION - Consists of 5 American officers and 85 Filipinos (who were on the side of the Americans). - The Americans pretended to be prisoners of war of the Filipinos so that they could enter the secret camp on March 23, 1901. - As soon as they entered the camp, they attacked the guards and captured Aguinaldo. - Aguinaldo was taken to Manila. - He was greeted by General Arthur McArthur, the American military governor, at Malacanang Palace. - On April 19, 1901, Aguinaldo took the oath of Allegiance to the United States. © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 19. HISTORICAL VALUES Filipinos should be proud that the first independent republic in Asia by Asians was established by Aguinaldo in the Philippines from 1989 to 1901. Filipinos are brave and sturdy people who will fight for their rights and independence, even if they lose. Filipinos lost the Filipino-American war because they were not united and they had inferior weapons. Like all wars, the Filipino-American war was very bloody and expensive. • The Americans sent 126,248 troops, of whom 4,234 died. • They have spent a vast sum of $16,000. • 200,000 civilian died of starvation and/or diseases. • Property worth of billions of pesos was damaged. We should remember and honor president Aguinaldo and other heroes of this era because they fought with courage and honor. These veterans of the revolution were the real founding father of our independence. © Jamaica C. Olazo
  • 20. THANK YOU! © Jamaica C. Olazo  Download a copy @ www.slideshare.net/jam18