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THE CANARY ISLANDS
THE CANARY ISLANDS
VOLCANOES AND EARTHQUAKES
The Canary Islands
are located in the
Atlantic ocean,
between 27º and 29º
North latitude and
between 13ºy 18º
West longitude.
One hundred
kilometers from the
African coast in their
closest point, and
1200 kilometers
from the Spanish
mainland.
LOCATION OF THE CANARY
ISLANDS
THE CANARY ISLANDS
HISTORICAL ERUPTIONS ON THE
CANARY ISLANDS
Year I sland Name
From 1470 to
1492
La Palma Tacante o Montaña Quemada
1492 Tenerife SW. slope of Pico Viejo?
1585 La Palma Tahuya (Roques de Jedey)
1646 La Palma Tagalate or Martín
1677-78 La Palma San Antonio
1704-05 Tenerife Siete Fuente, Fasnia y Arafo
1706 Tenerife Arenas Negras
1712 La Palma El Charco
1730-36 Lanzarote Timanfaya
1793 El Hierro Lomo Negro
1798 Tenerife
Pico Viejo or Chahorra (Narices del
Teide)
1824 Lanzarote Tao, Nuevo del Fuego y Tinguatón
1909 Tenerife Chinyero
1949
La Palma Hoyo Negro, Duraznero, Llano del
Banco
1971 La Palma Teneguía
2011 El Hierro Submarine eruption of La Restinga
THE MOST RECENT ERUPTIONS ON THE CANARY ISLANDS
Submarine eruption. El Hierro
2011/2012
La Palma 1971
Chinyero. Tenerife 1909
San Juan. La Palma. 1949
Although there are other
volcanic areas in Spain, the
Canary Islands are the only
Spanish region with active
volcanoes.
Several theories try
to explain the origin
of the Canary
Islands. One of the
most accepted is the
Hot Spot theory.
THE MOST RECENT ERUPTIONS ON THE CANARY ISLANDS
Teneguía. La Palma 1971
Submarine eruption. El Hierro. 2011-2012
The Canary Islands are
not a sismic area.
Earthquakes are very
unusual and their
intensity is low
But before eruptions,
earthquakes take
place and they are
felt in most parts of
the archipelago.
OTHER HISTORICAL ERUPTIONS. TIMANFAYA,
LANZAROTE
The most important
eruption on the Canary
Islands, in historical
time, took place in
Lanzarote from 1730 to
1736. A fourth part of
the island was affected.
Today is a National Park.
OTHER HISTORICAL ERUPTIONS: ARENAS NEGRAS VOLCANO. GARACHICO
In 1706, in the Northern
coast of Tenerife, the
lava from Arenas Negras
volcano flew towards
the town of Garachico,
which was partially
destroyed as well as its
harbour.
EL TEIDE NATIONAL PARK. TENERIFE
El Teide is the highest
mountain in Spain with its 3718
meters above sea level. It’s a
huge volcano located in
Tenerife. In 1954, El Teide and
its surrounding area was
declared National Park to
preserve its geology, flora and
fauna.
Despite of being near the
Tropic of Cancer, seasonal
changes can be observed in
El Teide.
EL TEIDE
NATIONAL PARK
El Teide rises from
a circular caldera
located about 2000
meter above sea
level.
Crater of El Teide and
a view of the Central
mountain range, 1400
meters below.
VOLCANIC LANDSCAPES OF GRAN CANARIA
Gran Canaria is one of the
oldest islands (about
14.000.000 years old). For
that reason, there aren´t
important volcanic areas.
Erosion is the most
important geological
actor, for millions of
years, water and
wind have erased
most of the old
volcanic structures.
VOLCANIC AREAS OF LA ISLETA AND BANDAMA. GRAN CANARIA
La Isleta, beside the
town of Las Palmas, is
one of the few
preserved volcanic
areas in Gran Canaria.
Today is a Special
Wildlife Park protected
by law.
Caldera of Bandama is
another protected
volcanic area in Gran
Canaria. It’s supposed
to have been the last
volcanic eruption in
Gran Canaria, about
2000 years ago.
JAMEOS DEL AGUA. LANZAROTE
CUEVA DE LOS VERDES. LANZAROTE
VOLCANIC CAVES. LANZAROTE
Lanzarote has got
many important
volcanic structures,
two of them are these
two caves.
Both were created by
underground
currents of lava while
the roof of the cave
became solid rock
due to the contact
with air.
TENEGUÍA VOLCANIC AREA. LA PALMA
Teneguía is
the last
volcano
which
emerged
after its
eruption in
1971.
The combined action of
lava and other volcanic
materials has created
the most recent
landcapes of the
Canary Islands and
Spain.

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The canary islands volcanoes and earthquakes

  • 1. THE CANARY ISLANDS THE CANARY ISLANDS VOLCANOES AND EARTHQUAKES
  • 2. The Canary Islands are located in the Atlantic ocean, between 27º and 29º North latitude and between 13ºy 18º West longitude. One hundred kilometers from the African coast in their closest point, and 1200 kilometers from the Spanish mainland. LOCATION OF THE CANARY ISLANDS
  • 4. HISTORICAL ERUPTIONS ON THE CANARY ISLANDS Year I sland Name From 1470 to 1492 La Palma Tacante o Montaña Quemada 1492 Tenerife SW. slope of Pico Viejo? 1585 La Palma Tahuya (Roques de Jedey) 1646 La Palma Tagalate or Martín 1677-78 La Palma San Antonio 1704-05 Tenerife Siete Fuente, Fasnia y Arafo 1706 Tenerife Arenas Negras 1712 La Palma El Charco 1730-36 Lanzarote Timanfaya 1793 El Hierro Lomo Negro 1798 Tenerife Pico Viejo or Chahorra (Narices del Teide) 1824 Lanzarote Tao, Nuevo del Fuego y Tinguatón 1909 Tenerife Chinyero 1949 La Palma Hoyo Negro, Duraznero, Llano del Banco 1971 La Palma Teneguía 2011 El Hierro Submarine eruption of La Restinga
  • 5. THE MOST RECENT ERUPTIONS ON THE CANARY ISLANDS Submarine eruption. El Hierro 2011/2012 La Palma 1971 Chinyero. Tenerife 1909 San Juan. La Palma. 1949 Although there are other volcanic areas in Spain, the Canary Islands are the only Spanish region with active volcanoes. Several theories try to explain the origin of the Canary Islands. One of the most accepted is the Hot Spot theory.
  • 6. THE MOST RECENT ERUPTIONS ON THE CANARY ISLANDS Teneguía. La Palma 1971 Submarine eruption. El Hierro. 2011-2012 The Canary Islands are not a sismic area. Earthquakes are very unusual and their intensity is low But before eruptions, earthquakes take place and they are felt in most parts of the archipelago.
  • 7. OTHER HISTORICAL ERUPTIONS. TIMANFAYA, LANZAROTE The most important eruption on the Canary Islands, in historical time, took place in Lanzarote from 1730 to 1736. A fourth part of the island was affected. Today is a National Park.
  • 8. OTHER HISTORICAL ERUPTIONS: ARENAS NEGRAS VOLCANO. GARACHICO In 1706, in the Northern coast of Tenerife, the lava from Arenas Negras volcano flew towards the town of Garachico, which was partially destroyed as well as its harbour.
  • 9. EL TEIDE NATIONAL PARK. TENERIFE El Teide is the highest mountain in Spain with its 3718 meters above sea level. It’s a huge volcano located in Tenerife. In 1954, El Teide and its surrounding area was declared National Park to preserve its geology, flora and fauna. Despite of being near the Tropic of Cancer, seasonal changes can be observed in El Teide.
  • 10. EL TEIDE NATIONAL PARK El Teide rises from a circular caldera located about 2000 meter above sea level. Crater of El Teide and a view of the Central mountain range, 1400 meters below.
  • 11. VOLCANIC LANDSCAPES OF GRAN CANARIA Gran Canaria is one of the oldest islands (about 14.000.000 years old). For that reason, there aren´t important volcanic areas. Erosion is the most important geological actor, for millions of years, water and wind have erased most of the old volcanic structures.
  • 12. VOLCANIC AREAS OF LA ISLETA AND BANDAMA. GRAN CANARIA La Isleta, beside the town of Las Palmas, is one of the few preserved volcanic areas in Gran Canaria. Today is a Special Wildlife Park protected by law. Caldera of Bandama is another protected volcanic area in Gran Canaria. It’s supposed to have been the last volcanic eruption in Gran Canaria, about 2000 years ago.
  • 13. JAMEOS DEL AGUA. LANZAROTE CUEVA DE LOS VERDES. LANZAROTE VOLCANIC CAVES. LANZAROTE Lanzarote has got many important volcanic structures, two of them are these two caves. Both were created by underground currents of lava while the roof of the cave became solid rock due to the contact with air.
  • 14. TENEGUÍA VOLCANIC AREA. LA PALMA Teneguía is the last volcano which emerged after its eruption in 1971. The combined action of lava and other volcanic materials has created the most recent landcapes of the Canary Islands and Spain.