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SYSTEM APPROACH TO HRM
1
DEFINITION OF HRM
2




     The policies and practices involved in
     carrying out the “people” or human
     resource aspects of a management
     position, including
     recruiting, screening, training, rewarding, an
     d appraising.
Human resource management system
3




        It refers to the systems and processes at the
        intersection between human resource
        management (HRM) and information
        technology.

       It merges HRM as a discipline and in particular
        its basic HR activities and processes with the
        information technology field.
Before system approach to HR
4


       The function of Human Resources departments is
        generally administrative and not common to all
        organizations.

       Organizations may have formalized
        selection, evaluation, and payroll processes.

       The HR function consists of tracking existing
        employee data which traditionally includes personal
        histories, skills, capabilities, accomplishments and
        salary.
Purpose of System approach
5




        To reduce the manual workload in administrative
        activities.

       Organizations began to electronically automate many
        of these processes by introducing specialized Human
        Resource Management Systems.
Currently Human Resource Management
    Systems encompass-
6



       Payroll.
       Work Time.
       Benefits Administration.
       HR management Information system.
       Recruiting.
       Training/Learning Management System.
       Performance Record.
       Employee Self-Service.
Payroll
7




       The payroll module automates the pay process.

       Data is generally fed from the human resources and
        time keeping modules to calculate automatic deposit
        and manual cheque writing capabilities.

       This module can encompass all employee-related
        transactions as well as integrate with existing financial
        management systems.
Work Time
8




       The work time gathers standardized time and work
        related efforts.

       The most advanced modules provide broad flexibility in
        data collection methods, labour distribution capabilities
        and data analysis features was outdated.

       Cost analysis and efficiency metrics are the primary
        functions.
Benefits Administration
9




       The benefits administration module provides a
        system for organizations to administer and track
        employee participation in benefits programs.

       These typically encompass
        insurance, compensation, profit sharing and
        retirement.
HR Management Information System
10



        The HR management module is a component
         covering many other HR aspects from application to
         retirement.
        The system records basic demographic and address
         data, selection, training and development, capabilities
         and skills management, compensation planning
         records and other related activities.
        Human resource management function involves the
         recruitment, placement, evaluation, compensation and
         development of the employees of an organization.
Recruiting
11


        Online recruiting has become one of the primary
         methods.

        Analyzing personnel usage within an organization.

        Identifying potential applicants.

        Recruiting through company-facing listings.

        Recruiting through online recruiting sites or publications
         that market to both recruiters and applicants.
Training
12




        The training module provides a system for organizations to
         administer and track employee training and development
         efforts.
        The system, normally called a Learning Management System.
        Courses can then be offered in date specific sessions, with
         delegates and training resources being mapped and managed
         within the same system.
        LMS allow managers to approve training, budgets and
         calendars alongside performance management and appraisal
         metrics.
Employee Self-Service
13


        The Employee Self-Service module allows employees to query
         HR related data and perform some HR transactions over the
         system.

        Employees may query their attendance record from the system
         without asking the information from HR personnel.

        The system work without overloading the task on HR
         department.
E-HRM
14


        E-HRM is the (planning, implementation and) application of
         information technology for both networking and supporting at
         least two individual or collective actors in their shared
         performing of HR activities.
        E-HRM is not the same as HRIS (Human resource
         management system) which refers to ICT systems used within
         HR departments.
        E-HRM is in essence the devolution of HR functions to
         management and employees.
         They access these functions typically via intranet or other web-
         technology channels
TYPES
15


         Operational- Administrative functions. (eg- payroll and
          employee personal data. )

         Relational – Supporting business processes by means of
          training, recruitment, performance management etc.

         Transformational- Strategic HR activities such as knowledge
          management, strategic re-orientation.

         “An organisation may choose to pursue E-HRM policies from
          any number of these tiers to achieve their HR goals.”
Goals
16


     E-HRM is seen as offering the potential to :-

        Improve services to HR department clients (both
         employees and management).
        Improve efficiency and cost effectiveness within the
         HR department.
        Allow HR to become a strategic partner in achieving
         organisational goals.
My pleasure to answer your…..
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System approach to hrm

  • 2. DEFINITION OF HRM 2 The policies and practices involved in carrying out the “people” or human resource aspects of a management position, including recruiting, screening, training, rewarding, an d appraising.
  • 3. Human resource management system 3  It refers to the systems and processes at the intersection between human resource management (HRM) and information technology.  It merges HRM as a discipline and in particular its basic HR activities and processes with the information technology field.
  • 4. Before system approach to HR 4  The function of Human Resources departments is generally administrative and not common to all organizations.  Organizations may have formalized selection, evaluation, and payroll processes.  The HR function consists of tracking existing employee data which traditionally includes personal histories, skills, capabilities, accomplishments and salary.
  • 5. Purpose of System approach 5  To reduce the manual workload in administrative activities.  Organizations began to electronically automate many of these processes by introducing specialized Human Resource Management Systems.
  • 6. Currently Human Resource Management Systems encompass- 6  Payroll.  Work Time.  Benefits Administration.  HR management Information system.  Recruiting.  Training/Learning Management System.  Performance Record.  Employee Self-Service.
  • 7. Payroll 7  The payroll module automates the pay process.  Data is generally fed from the human resources and time keeping modules to calculate automatic deposit and manual cheque writing capabilities.  This module can encompass all employee-related transactions as well as integrate with existing financial management systems.
  • 8. Work Time 8  The work time gathers standardized time and work related efforts.  The most advanced modules provide broad flexibility in data collection methods, labour distribution capabilities and data analysis features was outdated.  Cost analysis and efficiency metrics are the primary functions.
  • 9. Benefits Administration 9  The benefits administration module provides a system for organizations to administer and track employee participation in benefits programs.  These typically encompass insurance, compensation, profit sharing and retirement.
  • 10. HR Management Information System 10  The HR management module is a component covering many other HR aspects from application to retirement.  The system records basic demographic and address data, selection, training and development, capabilities and skills management, compensation planning records and other related activities.  Human resource management function involves the recruitment, placement, evaluation, compensation and development of the employees of an organization.
  • 11. Recruiting 11  Online recruiting has become one of the primary methods.  Analyzing personnel usage within an organization.  Identifying potential applicants.  Recruiting through company-facing listings.  Recruiting through online recruiting sites or publications that market to both recruiters and applicants.
  • 12. Training 12  The training module provides a system for organizations to administer and track employee training and development efforts.  The system, normally called a Learning Management System.  Courses can then be offered in date specific sessions, with delegates and training resources being mapped and managed within the same system.  LMS allow managers to approve training, budgets and calendars alongside performance management and appraisal metrics.
  • 13. Employee Self-Service 13  The Employee Self-Service module allows employees to query HR related data and perform some HR transactions over the system.  Employees may query their attendance record from the system without asking the information from HR personnel.  The system work without overloading the task on HR department.
  • 14. E-HRM 14  E-HRM is the (planning, implementation and) application of information technology for both networking and supporting at least two individual or collective actors in their shared performing of HR activities.  E-HRM is not the same as HRIS (Human resource management system) which refers to ICT systems used within HR departments.  E-HRM is in essence the devolution of HR functions to management and employees.  They access these functions typically via intranet or other web- technology channels
  • 15. TYPES 15  Operational- Administrative functions. (eg- payroll and employee personal data. )  Relational – Supporting business processes by means of training, recruitment, performance management etc.  Transformational- Strategic HR activities such as knowledge management, strategic re-orientation. “An organisation may choose to pursue E-HRM policies from any number of these tiers to achieve their HR goals.”
  • 16. Goals 16 E-HRM is seen as offering the potential to :-  Improve services to HR department clients (both employees and management).  Improve efficiency and cost effectiveness within the HR department.  Allow HR to become a strategic partner in achieving organisational goals.
  • 17. My pleasure to answer your….. 17
  • 18. 18

Editor's Notes

  1. A Human Resource Management System (HRMS, EHRMS), Human Resource Information System (HRIS), HR Technology or also called HR modules, refers to the systems and processes at the intersection between human resource management (HRM) and information technology.
  2. The payroll module automates the pay processby gathering data on employee time and attendance, calculating various deductions and taxes, and generating periodic pay cheques and employee tax reports.
  3. Leading edge systems provide the ability to "read" applications and enter relevant data to applicable database fields, notify employers and provide position management and position control not in use.Initially, businesses used computer based information systems to:produce pay checks and payroll reports;maintain personnel records.
  4. The significant cost incurred in maintaining an organized recruitment effort, cross-posting within and across general or industry-specific job boards and maintaining a competitive exposure of availabilities has given rise to the development of a dedicated Applicant Tracking System, or 'ATS', module.
  5. Many organizations have gone beyond the traditional functions and developed human resource management information systems, which support recruitment, selection, hiring, job placement, performance appraisals, employee benefit analysis, health, safety and security, while others integrate an outsourced Applicant Tracking System that encompasses a subset of the above.