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© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
Internet of Things interoperability challenges
symbIoTe
Ivana Podnar Žarko, University of Zagreb, Technical Manager
ivana.podnar@fer.hr
SpliTech2016, July 14th 2016
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
2
Overview
• Fragmented IoT environment
• FP7 project OpenIoT and semantic
interoperability
• H2020 project symbIoTe: architecture vs.
semantic and organizational interoperability
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
3
Sensors and actuators denoted as “Things”
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
4
A global infrastructure for the information society,
enabling advanced services by interconnecting (physical
and virtual) Things based on, existing and evolving,
interoperable information and communication
technologies.
– Through the exploitation of identification, data capture,
processing and communication capabilities, the IoT makes
full use of things to offer services to all kinds of
applications, whilst ensuring that security and privacy
requirements are fulfilled.
– In a broad perspective, the IoT can be perceived as a vision
with technological and societal implications.
ITU-T Y.2060 Recommendation, Overview of the Internet of
things, June 2012
Internet of Things: a definition
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
5
Fragmented IoT environment
Cloud-based IoT
platform A
Smart
environment
Big data storage,
analytics, decision
support tools, etc.
Mobile & web
applications
User
GW
Devices
Connectivity
Device
management
Cloud-based IoT
platform B
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
6
Reaching ~300 IoT Platforms
Source: Beecham Research
And many standardization activities: oneM2M, IEEE, Industrial Internet
Consortium (IIC), IETF, OMA, AIOTI, Zigbee Appliance, LoRa Alliance…
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
7
• „is the ability of two or more systems or
components to exchange data and use
information” (by 3GPP)
Interoperability
Sources:
H. van der Veer, A. Wiles, "Achieving Technical Interoperability – the ETSI Approach",
ETSI White Paper No.3, 3rd edition, April 2008
IERC, IoT Semantic Interoperability: Research Challenges, Best Practices,
Recommendations and Next Steps, Position Paper, March 2015
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
8
Open Source Community for IoT Services
12/2011 – 02/2015
Open Source
Linked Data
Cloud Computing
Internet of Things
Privacy
and
Security
IoT Data
Management
Mobile
Sensing
and
Device Mobility
Mng
Semantic interoperability by means
of a common core ontology
Semantic Sensor Network Ontology
FP7 Project OpenIoT
www.openiot.eu
https://github.com/OpenIotOrg/openiot
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
9
W3C Semantic Sensor
Network Ontology
Single Core Information Model
IoT Platform A
Native
Applications
Internal
Information
Model A
Exposed
Information
Model A
IoT Platform B
Native
Applications
Internal
Information
Model B
Exposed
Information
Model B
Core Information Model
Source: Michael Jacoby,
Fraunhofer IOSB
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
Symbiosis of smart objects across IoT
environments
symbIoTe
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
11
symbIoTe in a Nutshell
Interoperability and mediation framework for the future IoT
ecosystem supporting next-generation cross-platform IoT
applications
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
12
Vision & Technical Challenges
Hierarchical,
adaptive and
dynamic IoT
environments
Unified and
secure access
to physical and
virtualized IoT
devices
Device
discovery
across
platforms
Security: access
scopes and
identity
management
Platform
federation for
collaborative
sensing/actuati
on tasks
Seamless
roaming of
smart devicess
across smart
spaces
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
13
Open source software for flexible IoT ecosystems that
will allow the co-creation of added value IoT services
Lower market entry costs for SMEs
Benefits and Opportunities
App developers
• rapid cross-
platform
application
development
to create
innovative IoT
applications
Infrastructure
providers
• simplified
(re)configurati
on of smart
environments
IoT platform
providers
• increased user
base
• new revenue
streams
End users
• enriched user
experience
with
specialized
apps across
domains
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
14
Architectural Sketch
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
15
General Approach
symbIoTe Core Services
Enablers’ space
Cross-Platform
Applications
IoT Platforms Space
Smart Spaces
Interworking interface/API
Smart Devices
Application
Domain
Cloud
Domain
Core interface/API
Smart Space
Domain
Smart Device
Uniform access to
virtual resources
(as services)
Resource discovery
across registered
platforms
Domain
specific
backend
services
Mobile & Web Apps
Discovery and
registration of new
devices, dynamic
configuration,
documented
interfaces
Roaming devices between
smart spaces/platforms
Domain-specific API
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
16
Semantic Interoperability
symbIoTe Core Services
Cross-Platform Applications
IoT Platform A
Interworking
interface/API
Core interface/API
IoT Platform B
Interworking
interface/API
Search for
adequate devices
Integrate and use
devices
Core information model
with extensions and mappings
(for more flexibility)
Platform cooperation
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
17
Organizational Interoperability
IoT Platform A
Interworking
interface/API
IoT Platform B
Interworking
interface/API
Native
Application
Bartering and
Trading
Bartering and
Trading
Federation
Manager
Federation
Manager
Device from Platform A visits an
environment operated by Platform B and
can use the surrounding infrastructure in
accordance with an SLA
Platform collaboration
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
18
• OpenIoT: interoperabilty using semantic sensor
descriptions (SSNO)
• BETaaS: Building the Environment for the
Things as a Service
Open-source IoT platforms
• symphony (NXW): unified software platform for
home automation
• MoBaaS (UW): mobility management platform with routing
services, integrates selected FIWARE Generic Enablers
• nAssist (S&C): home automation system, focus on energy
management
Closed proprietary IoT platforms
Project Assets
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
19
The symbIoTe Consortium
© 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko
20
Open Calls for partners who
wish to:
• make their platforms symbIoTe-
enabled,
• develop innovative applications
on top of symbIoTe or
• deploy the symbIoTe approach
in their domain through small-
scale trials.
Follow us and get engaged
Join the IoT-EPI ecosystem!
Contact Us
Web: www.symbiote-h2020.eu
E-mail: info@symbiote-h2020.eu
@symbiote_h2020

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Internet of Things Interoperability Challenges - SpliTech, 14 Jul 2016, Split, Croatia

  • 1. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko Internet of Things interoperability challenges symbIoTe Ivana Podnar Žarko, University of Zagreb, Technical Manager ivana.podnar@fer.hr SpliTech2016, July 14th 2016
  • 2. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 2 Overview • Fragmented IoT environment • FP7 project OpenIoT and semantic interoperability • H2020 project symbIoTe: architecture vs. semantic and organizational interoperability
  • 3. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 3 Sensors and actuators denoted as “Things”
  • 4. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 4 A global infrastructure for the information society, enabling advanced services by interconnecting (physical and virtual) Things based on, existing and evolving, interoperable information and communication technologies. – Through the exploitation of identification, data capture, processing and communication capabilities, the IoT makes full use of things to offer services to all kinds of applications, whilst ensuring that security and privacy requirements are fulfilled. – In a broad perspective, the IoT can be perceived as a vision with technological and societal implications. ITU-T Y.2060 Recommendation, Overview of the Internet of things, June 2012 Internet of Things: a definition
  • 5. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 5 Fragmented IoT environment Cloud-based IoT platform A Smart environment Big data storage, analytics, decision support tools, etc. Mobile & web applications User GW Devices Connectivity Device management Cloud-based IoT platform B
  • 6. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 6 Reaching ~300 IoT Platforms Source: Beecham Research And many standardization activities: oneM2M, IEEE, Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC), IETF, OMA, AIOTI, Zigbee Appliance, LoRa Alliance…
  • 7. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 7 • „is the ability of two or more systems or components to exchange data and use information” (by 3GPP) Interoperability Sources: H. van der Veer, A. Wiles, "Achieving Technical Interoperability – the ETSI Approach", ETSI White Paper No.3, 3rd edition, April 2008 IERC, IoT Semantic Interoperability: Research Challenges, Best Practices, Recommendations and Next Steps, Position Paper, March 2015
  • 8. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 8 Open Source Community for IoT Services 12/2011 – 02/2015 Open Source Linked Data Cloud Computing Internet of Things Privacy and Security IoT Data Management Mobile Sensing and Device Mobility Mng Semantic interoperability by means of a common core ontology Semantic Sensor Network Ontology FP7 Project OpenIoT www.openiot.eu https://github.com/OpenIotOrg/openiot
  • 9. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 9 W3C Semantic Sensor Network Ontology Single Core Information Model IoT Platform A Native Applications Internal Information Model A Exposed Information Model A IoT Platform B Native Applications Internal Information Model B Exposed Information Model B Core Information Model Source: Michael Jacoby, Fraunhofer IOSB
  • 10. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko Symbiosis of smart objects across IoT environments symbIoTe
  • 11. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 11 symbIoTe in a Nutshell Interoperability and mediation framework for the future IoT ecosystem supporting next-generation cross-platform IoT applications
  • 12. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 12 Vision & Technical Challenges Hierarchical, adaptive and dynamic IoT environments Unified and secure access to physical and virtualized IoT devices Device discovery across platforms Security: access scopes and identity management Platform federation for collaborative sensing/actuati on tasks Seamless roaming of smart devicess across smart spaces
  • 13. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 13 Open source software for flexible IoT ecosystems that will allow the co-creation of added value IoT services Lower market entry costs for SMEs Benefits and Opportunities App developers • rapid cross- platform application development to create innovative IoT applications Infrastructure providers • simplified (re)configurati on of smart environments IoT platform providers • increased user base • new revenue streams End users • enriched user experience with specialized apps across domains
  • 14. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 14 Architectural Sketch
  • 15. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 15 General Approach symbIoTe Core Services Enablers’ space Cross-Platform Applications IoT Platforms Space Smart Spaces Interworking interface/API Smart Devices Application Domain Cloud Domain Core interface/API Smart Space Domain Smart Device Uniform access to virtual resources (as services) Resource discovery across registered platforms Domain specific backend services Mobile & Web Apps Discovery and registration of new devices, dynamic configuration, documented interfaces Roaming devices between smart spaces/platforms Domain-specific API
  • 16. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 16 Semantic Interoperability symbIoTe Core Services Cross-Platform Applications IoT Platform A Interworking interface/API Core interface/API IoT Platform B Interworking interface/API Search for adequate devices Integrate and use devices Core information model with extensions and mappings (for more flexibility) Platform cooperation
  • 17. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 17 Organizational Interoperability IoT Platform A Interworking interface/API IoT Platform B Interworking interface/API Native Application Bartering and Trading Bartering and Trading Federation Manager Federation Manager Device from Platform A visits an environment operated by Platform B and can use the surrounding infrastructure in accordance with an SLA Platform collaboration
  • 18. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 18 • OpenIoT: interoperabilty using semantic sensor descriptions (SSNO) • BETaaS: Building the Environment for the Things as a Service Open-source IoT platforms • symphony (NXW): unified software platform for home automation • MoBaaS (UW): mobility management platform with routing services, integrates selected FIWARE Generic Enablers • nAssist (S&C): home automation system, focus on energy management Closed proprietary IoT platforms Project Assets
  • 19. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 19 The symbIoTe Consortium
  • 20. © 2016 – The symbIoTe ConsortiumIvana Podnar Žarko 20 Open Calls for partners who wish to: • make their platforms symbIoTe- enabled, • develop innovative applications on top of symbIoTe or • deploy the symbIoTe approach in their domain through small- scale trials. Follow us and get engaged Join the IoT-EPI ecosystem! Contact Us Web: www.symbiote-h2020.eu E-mail: info@symbiote-h2020.eu @symbiote_h2020

Editor's Notes

  1. During last 4 years, we have seen an explosion in terms of numbers of new platforms. At the beginning of 2015, our counting went over 200, but we have discovered many others during the second part of 2015.
  2. Motivation and opportunities: a multitude of highly-specialised IoT solutions which target niche markets A promising landscape can easily turn into a deployment and management nightmare especially for small stakeholders! Clear separation of concerns between stakeholders – focus on their specific solutions and business models
  3. Virtual Personal Assistants (across platforms)
  4. Cross-layer approach IoT platforms as black boxes, closed platforms contributed by SMEs. Will be ehnaced by additional symbIoTe service (e.g. bartering and trading of resources) otherwise noti provided by native platforms.