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TRANSLAM INSTITUTE
OF TECHNOLOGY &
MANAGEMENT
Submitted to Submitted by
MUKESH SIROHI ISHANT GAUTAM
SEMINAR ON SUSPENSION SYSTEM
Suspension System
•Supports the weight.
•Provides a smooth ride.
•Allows rapid cornering without extreme
body roll.
•Keeps tires in firm contact with the road.
•Prevents excessive body squat.
•Prevents excessive body dive.
•Allows front wheels to turn side-to-side for steering.
•Works with the steering system to keep the wheels in correct alignment.
Suspension System
Basic Parts
Control arm – movable lever that fastens
the steering knuckle to the vehicle’s
body or frame.
Steering Knuckle – provides a spindle or
bearing support for the wheel hub, bearings
and wheel assembly.
Suspension System
Basic Parts
Ball Joints – swivel joints that allow
control arm and steering knuckle to
move up and down and side to side.
Springs – supports the weight of the
vehicle; permits the control arm and
Wheel to move up and down.
Suspension System
Basic Parts
Shock absorbers or dampeners – keeps
the suspension from continuing to bounce
after spring compression and extension.
Control arm bushing – sleeves that
allows the control arm to swing
up and down on the frame.
Suspension System
Non-independent suspension has both right and left wheel attached to the
same solid axle. When one wheel hits a bump in the road, its upward movement
causes a slight tilt of the other wheel.
Independent suspension allows one wheel to move up and down with minimal
effect to the other.
Suspension System
Coil spring is the most common type of spring found on modern vehicles.
Leaf springs are now limited to the rear of some cars.
Suspension System
Torsion bar (large spring rod)
•One end is attached to the frame and the other to the lower control arm.
•Up and down of the suspension system twists the torsion bar.
•It will then try to return to its original shape, moving the control arm to its
original place.
Suspension System
Sway Bar (Stabilizer Bar)
•Used to keep the body from leaning excessively in sharp turns.
•Fastened to lower control arms. (rubber bushings are used)
•During cornering, centrifugal force makes the outside of body drop and inside raise.
•The bar’s resistance to twisting motion limits body lean in corners.
Suspension System
Shock absorbers
•Limits spring compression-extension
movements to smooth the vehicle’s ride.
•Without shock absorbers, the vehicle
would continue to bounce up and down
long after striking dip or hump in the road.
Suspension System
Strut assembly (MacPherson struts)
•Consists of a shock absorber, a coil spring, and an upper damper unit.
•Strut assembly often replaces the upper control arm.
Suspension System
Checking Shock Absorber Condition
Bounce test
•Push down on one corner of vehicle’s body.
•Release the body and count the number of
times the vehicle rebounds.
•Good – no more then two rebounds.
Leaking Shocks
•Check for signs of leakage.
•If oily and wet, replace it.
Suspension System
Replacing Coil Springs
Need to compress the coil spring, before removing it.
Warning – A compressed coil spring has a tremendous amount of stored energy.
Suspension System
Checking Ball Joints
•If spring on lower control are, jack stand goes
under the control arm.
•If spring on upper control arm, jack stand goes
under frame.
If any play found, replace it.
Suspension System
Tie Rod Inspection
Move the wheel side-to-side, should be no play.
Suspension System
Always grease all the grease points.

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Suspension system

  • 1. TRANSLAM INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & MANAGEMENT Submitted to Submitted by MUKESH SIROHI ISHANT GAUTAM SEMINAR ON SUSPENSION SYSTEM
  • 2. Suspension System •Supports the weight. •Provides a smooth ride. •Allows rapid cornering without extreme body roll. •Keeps tires in firm contact with the road. •Prevents excessive body squat. •Prevents excessive body dive. •Allows front wheels to turn side-to-side for steering. •Works with the steering system to keep the wheels in correct alignment.
  • 3. Suspension System Basic Parts Control arm – movable lever that fastens the steering knuckle to the vehicle’s body or frame. Steering Knuckle – provides a spindle or bearing support for the wheel hub, bearings and wheel assembly.
  • 4. Suspension System Basic Parts Ball Joints – swivel joints that allow control arm and steering knuckle to move up and down and side to side. Springs – supports the weight of the vehicle; permits the control arm and Wheel to move up and down.
  • 5. Suspension System Basic Parts Shock absorbers or dampeners – keeps the suspension from continuing to bounce after spring compression and extension. Control arm bushing – sleeves that allows the control arm to swing up and down on the frame.
  • 6. Suspension System Non-independent suspension has both right and left wheel attached to the same solid axle. When one wheel hits a bump in the road, its upward movement causes a slight tilt of the other wheel. Independent suspension allows one wheel to move up and down with minimal effect to the other.
  • 7. Suspension System Coil spring is the most common type of spring found on modern vehicles. Leaf springs are now limited to the rear of some cars.
  • 8. Suspension System Torsion bar (large spring rod) •One end is attached to the frame and the other to the lower control arm. •Up and down of the suspension system twists the torsion bar. •It will then try to return to its original shape, moving the control arm to its original place.
  • 9. Suspension System Sway Bar (Stabilizer Bar) •Used to keep the body from leaning excessively in sharp turns. •Fastened to lower control arms. (rubber bushings are used) •During cornering, centrifugal force makes the outside of body drop and inside raise. •The bar’s resistance to twisting motion limits body lean in corners.
  • 10. Suspension System Shock absorbers •Limits spring compression-extension movements to smooth the vehicle’s ride. •Without shock absorbers, the vehicle would continue to bounce up and down long after striking dip or hump in the road.
  • 11. Suspension System Strut assembly (MacPherson struts) •Consists of a shock absorber, a coil spring, and an upper damper unit. •Strut assembly often replaces the upper control arm.
  • 12. Suspension System Checking Shock Absorber Condition Bounce test •Push down on one corner of vehicle’s body. •Release the body and count the number of times the vehicle rebounds. •Good – no more then two rebounds. Leaking Shocks •Check for signs of leakage. •If oily and wet, replace it.
  • 13. Suspension System Replacing Coil Springs Need to compress the coil spring, before removing it. Warning – A compressed coil spring has a tremendous amount of stored energy.
  • 14. Suspension System Checking Ball Joints •If spring on lower control are, jack stand goes under the control arm. •If spring on upper control arm, jack stand goes under frame. If any play found, replace it.
  • 15. Suspension System Tie Rod Inspection Move the wheel side-to-side, should be no play.
  • 16. Suspension System Always grease all the grease points.