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STRUCTURAL INSIGHTS FOR TWO FAB–ANTIGEN
COMPLEXES: Platelet glycoprotein VI and SARS-
CoV-2 receptor binding domain
Platelet glycoprotein VI (GPVI) is a potential target for the development of new
antiplatelet molecules with low bleeding risk. GPVI binding to vascular collagen initiates
thrombus formation and GPVI interactions with fibrin stimulate the growth and stability
of the thrombus.
The study demonstrates that Glenzocimab inhibits GPVI interactions with both ligands
by loss of dimerization, conformational changes, and steric hindrance.
• The crystal structure of Glenzocimab with the monomeric extracellular domain of
GPVI was determined to 1.9 Å.
• The crystal structure shows that Glenzocimab binds to the site of dimerization in the
D2 domain of GPVI.
• Glenzocimab inhibits GPIV interaction with CRP, collagen and fibrin by loss of
dimerization, conformational changes and steric hindrance.
AUTHORS: CARL DIEHL, NADIA ROSE, DOROTA FOCHT, MARTIN WELIN AND RAYMOND KIMBUNG
Carl Diehl, Senior Scientist
carl.diehl@saromics.com
Contact
Platelet glycoprotein VI
SARS-CoV-2 receptor binding domain
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has been a major public health issue
worldwide. Although the population has widely received vaccination
against SARS-CoV-2, immunocompromised patients can still be
susceptible to infection.
The study demonstrates how two different hmAbs (1D1 and 3D2)
that showed high binding activity to the RBD of SARS-CoV-2 could
be used against multiple variants of the virus and provide
therapeutic benefits to COVID-19 patients.
• We determined the structures of
• 1D1 Fab – RBD complex to 1.9 Å
• 3D2 Fab – RBD (beta variant) complex to 2.2 Å
• Pseudovirion-based neutralization results showed that the
antibody cocktail of 1D1 and 3D2 showed high potency in
multiple variants of SARS-CoV-2 infection.
• The results illustrate the potential of this cocktail as an
intervention against SARS-CoV-2 infection.
• In vivo studies showed the ability of the antibody cocktail
treatment to reduce viral load (beta variant) in blood and various
tissues.
Reference: Boonkrai C, Cotrone TS, Chaisuriyong W, Tantawichien T, Thisyakorn U, Fernandez S, Hunsawong T, Reed M,
Wongtangprasert T, Audomsun T, Phakham T, Attakitbancha C, Saelao P, Focht D, Kimbung R, Welin M, Malik AA, Pisitkun T,
Srisawat N. PLoS One 2023 May 4;18(5):e0284173.
Reference: Billiald P, Slater A, Welin M, Clark JC, Loyau S, Pugnière M, Jiacomini IG, Rose N, Lebozec K, Toledano E, François
D, Watson SP, Jandrot-Perrus M. Blood Adv. 2023 Apr 11;7(7):1258-1268.
D1
D2
LC
HC
D1
D2
A) Dimerization of GPVI (PDB ID 2GI7) colored in green and magenta. B) Superimposition of
monomeric GPVI domain D2 (yellow) revealing conformational changes that disrupt the dimerization.
Same color scheme as in A.
GPVI – D2
GPVI – D2 GPVI – D2
When Glenzocimab binds to domain D2 of GPVI, there is a rearrangement in a loop
region. This loop changes conformation and part of the loop forms a β-strand that
extends the β-sheet. The extended β-sheet disrupts the formation of a dimer.
A B
A B
A) Complex of Glenzocimab – GPVI. B) Superimpostion of one molecule of dimeric GPVI (PDB ID 2GI7) with GPVI from
the Glenzocimab – GPVI complex.
Mode of action

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STRUCTURAL INSIGHTS FOR TWO FAB–ANTIGEN COMPLEXES: Platelet glycoprotein VI and SARS- CoV-2 receptor binding domain

  • 1. STRUCTURAL INSIGHTS FOR TWO FAB–ANTIGEN COMPLEXES: Platelet glycoprotein VI and SARS- CoV-2 receptor binding domain Platelet glycoprotein VI (GPVI) is a potential target for the development of new antiplatelet molecules with low bleeding risk. GPVI binding to vascular collagen initiates thrombus formation and GPVI interactions with fibrin stimulate the growth and stability of the thrombus. The study demonstrates that Glenzocimab inhibits GPVI interactions with both ligands by loss of dimerization, conformational changes, and steric hindrance. • The crystal structure of Glenzocimab with the monomeric extracellular domain of GPVI was determined to 1.9 Å. • The crystal structure shows that Glenzocimab binds to the site of dimerization in the D2 domain of GPVI. • Glenzocimab inhibits GPIV interaction with CRP, collagen and fibrin by loss of dimerization, conformational changes and steric hindrance. AUTHORS: CARL DIEHL, NADIA ROSE, DOROTA FOCHT, MARTIN WELIN AND RAYMOND KIMBUNG Carl Diehl, Senior Scientist carl.diehl@saromics.com Contact Platelet glycoprotein VI SARS-CoV-2 receptor binding domain The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has been a major public health issue worldwide. Although the population has widely received vaccination against SARS-CoV-2, immunocompromised patients can still be susceptible to infection. The study demonstrates how two different hmAbs (1D1 and 3D2) that showed high binding activity to the RBD of SARS-CoV-2 could be used against multiple variants of the virus and provide therapeutic benefits to COVID-19 patients. • We determined the structures of • 1D1 Fab – RBD complex to 1.9 Å • 3D2 Fab – RBD (beta variant) complex to 2.2 Å • Pseudovirion-based neutralization results showed that the antibody cocktail of 1D1 and 3D2 showed high potency in multiple variants of SARS-CoV-2 infection. • The results illustrate the potential of this cocktail as an intervention against SARS-CoV-2 infection. • In vivo studies showed the ability of the antibody cocktail treatment to reduce viral load (beta variant) in blood and various tissues. Reference: Boonkrai C, Cotrone TS, Chaisuriyong W, Tantawichien T, Thisyakorn U, Fernandez S, Hunsawong T, Reed M, Wongtangprasert T, Audomsun T, Phakham T, Attakitbancha C, Saelao P, Focht D, Kimbung R, Welin M, Malik AA, Pisitkun T, Srisawat N. PLoS One 2023 May 4;18(5):e0284173. Reference: Billiald P, Slater A, Welin M, Clark JC, Loyau S, Pugnière M, Jiacomini IG, Rose N, Lebozec K, Toledano E, François D, Watson SP, Jandrot-Perrus M. Blood Adv. 2023 Apr 11;7(7):1258-1268. D1 D2 LC HC D1 D2 A) Dimerization of GPVI (PDB ID 2GI7) colored in green and magenta. B) Superimposition of monomeric GPVI domain D2 (yellow) revealing conformational changes that disrupt the dimerization. Same color scheme as in A. GPVI – D2 GPVI – D2 GPVI – D2 When Glenzocimab binds to domain D2 of GPVI, there is a rearrangement in a loop region. This loop changes conformation and part of the loop forms a β-strand that extends the β-sheet. The extended β-sheet disrupts the formation of a dimer. A B A B A) Complex of Glenzocimab – GPVI. B) Superimpostion of one molecule of dimeric GPVI (PDB ID 2GI7) with GPVI from the Glenzocimab – GPVI complex. Mode of action