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Steve Wozniak And The Apple Computer Essay
I. Introduction April 1, 1976, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak created The Apple Computer. They
incorporated the company on January 3, 1977 in Cupertino, California. Apple, Inc. is responsible for
bringing to market such products as the Macintosh desktop and portable computer, iPod and iTunes,
and most recently, the iPhone. What many people may not know is that after founding Apple, Jobs
was fired by the company 's board of directors 10 years later at age 30. After his termination, he
went on to create two more companies. During this period Apple went through three different CEOs
and their stock price dropped to $2 a share. As a result, Jobs was invited back to join the company as
CEO. Not only did Jobs rejuvenate Apple but it flourished (Finkle & Mallin, 2010). Apple has over
66,000 employees in the United States, from engineers to retail employees, app developers,
suppliers and manufacturers.
Apple Inc. introduced the Macintosh in 1984 and sales did pretty well. In 1985 the sales didn't
match what had been planned and unfortunately didn't reach anywhere near what the goal was
which caused profitability issues. Steve Jobs and Apple hired many employees during their growth
over the first seven to eight years since created. They had one product and everyone was working to
sell the same thing, creating a very motivated and functional company. As more products were
developed and teams were created, things got mixed up. In 1983, John Sculley became CEO and
reformatted
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Apple Computer Company: Life Cycle Of The Apple Company
Apple incorporation, previously known as Apple Computer, is a multinational corporation that not
only produces personal computers, consumer electronics, computer software, and servers but also a
digital distributor of the media content. It has chain of retail stores known as Apple Stores. However,
company's information is summarized below: COMPANY INFORMATION
Founders of Apple Steve Job and Steve Wozniak
First Creation Apple Computer on April 1, 1976
Years of Incorporation of company January 3, 1977
Location of Apple Apple Campus is the corporate headquarters of Apple Inc. located at 1 Infinite
Loop in Cupertino, California, United States.
Current Owner of Apple Carl Icahn Now owns about $2.5billion worth of Apple Shares ... Show
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Qualcomm Incorporated
Google Inc. Sony Corporation
Motorola Sprint Nextel corporation
Adobe System Incorporated Intel Corporation
Microsoft Corporation
Life Cycle of Apple
A life cycle model of Apple is introduced as:
Launch: Steve Job and Steve Wozniak started their business without any finance from venture
capitalists. They introduced Apple I and made all their expenses on their own. Their business risk
was extremely high as their first machine did not prove to be successful and impressive. They had
no proper cash flows but still they kept on working to produce some unique element,
"Failure doesn't mean you will never achieve, it just means it takes a little longer."
–Steve Jobs
When they introduce Apple II, people started to recognize their presence and they started to receive
orders.
Growth: Due to high sales, size of company increased and so did its working staff increased. Apple
went public on 12th December 1980 with a share price of $22 per share. Many investors wanted to
be a part of it. Apple used the diversification strategy to come ahead of its
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Origins of the Apple Computer Company Essay
Did you know that the Apple computer started in someone's garage? Many people do not know how
it all started. Today, Apple Computer Incorporated, formerly known as Apple Computer Company,
dominates the technological industry with Mac, iPod, and iPhone sales. Apple had its best ever
quarterly revenue of $1.58 billion dollars in 2008 ("Best Quarterly Revenue" n.pag.). The brilliant
minds of Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs led to the inventions of the Apple I and Apple II computers,
which revolutionized the computer industry of the 1970s and 1980s.
It all started with Steve Wozniak, the kind of person who liked to tell jokes and pull pranks at the
schools he attended. During high school, he decided he wanted to become an engineer. He ... Show
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Steve "programmed, designed, and tested diagnostics that went to various input and output devices,
like printers" (Kendall 17). During his time there, he shared his ideas about computer projects with
other workers. He acquired computer chips from these workers that he would not have been able to
get otherwise. Telnet was not successful at selling its computer, so it closed in 1970 (Kendall 17).
However, his love and dedication towards computers would lead to the development of the first
Apple computer. In 1971, Steve and his friend Bill Hernandez designed a pretty good computer and
his mother was impressed. She contacted a local newspaper company to do a report on it. They were
very excited to explain the operation and specs to the reporter, but that is not how it happened. When
the reporter came to see the computer, they started the computer up and the blinking lights came on.
After that, someone stepped on the power cord, which caused the computer to start smoking, and
then stopped working. The reporter quickly left and only wrote a small article on their computer
(Kendall 18). Steve decided it was time to choose a school based on its engineering program. He
chose to go to the University of California at Berkeley, because it was one of the best (Kendall 19).
This is where he met the most important friend, Steve Jobs. He was "five years younger than
Wozniak and still attending Homestead High School" (Kendall 20). They had many
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Case Study 1: Apple Computer
1) What were some of Apple's biggest successes and failures? Describe why. Apple's biggest success
stories are not difficult to find. When Apple creates a product that succeeds, they do it in a big way.
Take, for example, the iPhone. Not only does the iPhone have a die–hard following of loyal
aficionados that continue to buy upgrades to their iPhones on a regular basis, but the iPhone
changed the way the entire world looked at cell phones. Beating the first Android phone to the
market by a more than a year (Parrish, May 3, 2012), the iPhone took us from phones that looked
and functioned strictly like phones, to multi–touch devices that combined phones, cameras, games
and MP3s into one device. Another big success for Apple ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net
...
As Merchant noted in the same Businessweek article, "culture informs success" and he quotes
Stephen Sadove, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive of Saks as saying says "Culture drives
innovation and whatever else you are trying to accomplish within a company–innovation, execution,
whatever it's going to be. And that then drives results," later on the page. (Merchant, 2010,
paragraph 5). 3) How do the actions of Apple apply to the TCOs? I think Apple is an excellent
company to study in relation to our TCOs. They're not just at the forefront of technological
innovation, they ARE the forefront. A close look at their company can easily lend a clear view of
innovation for their industry–they have multiple technologies that have changed the dynamics of
many industries. They've altered consumer interaction with cell technology, media offerings and
personal computing levels. They provide a clear picture of how to best protect their innovation
(through secrecy) and through their company's pioneering offerings, I think they clearly demonstrate
their core technological competencies are an ability to anticipate desires consumers don't even know
they have and bring them into reality. Apple's continual ability to innovate on their own products,
create new solutions to problems we never knew we had and persistent ability to reinvent
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Essay on Apple Computer and Long-Term Success
In the 1970s, technologies such as video cassette recorders and personal computers were
revolutionizing the industry. Co–founders, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak, were drawn to this
technology revolution and in 1976 started Apple Computers (Abdelsamad et al., 2008). The
combination of their charisma and intellect enabled them to design the Apple I computer. Today,
Apple is one of the leading technology companies in the world. However, internal factors such as
Apple's unclear marketing plan, employee work life negligence, and financial–legal issues have
negatively affected their performance and sullied their corporate reputation. Apple worked to correct
the issues that were detracting from their performance and has had great success in ... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
The union was created to regulate and improve the working condition in this location. While
outsourcing certain business functions to a country that has lower wages can allow the company to
operate more efficiently and save money, it is imperative that the company treat these employees
with dignity and adhere to labor regulations (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, & Wright, 2007). Finally,
Apple's corporate reputation was tarnished due to the financial and legal incidents that the company
encountered in 2006. Twenty–six years after Apple's initial public offering, the company narrowly
escaped being delisted from the NASDAQ stock exchange for not adhering to the Securities and
Exchange Commission's (SEC) reporting timelines. This potentially damaging delisting threat was
the result of controversy surrounding the backdating of company stock options from 1997 to 2002
(Abdelsamad et al., 2008). Trust between the shareholder and the company faltered and Apple's
share price fell almost $25.00 (Robertson, 2006). Additionally in 2006, Apple was forced to recall
1.8 million hazardous Sony laptop batteries being used in Apple products ("Apple recalls," 2006).
These batteries were found to be dangerous after several Apple customers saw their batteries
spontaneously burst into flames. Though Sony covered the cost of replacing the batteries, Apple
customers
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Apple 's Impact On Computer Design
Apple Inc, wasn 't always the massive tech giant it is today, but it has innovated the way computers
should be today. Apple is known as the company that innovates and releases new ideas. Over time
Apple has developed into a technology super company, had many ups and downs, and released
many different operating systems. Apple computer, as it was known back then, was founded in 1976
by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne. Jobs was still living with his parents at the time
when the three decided to start working on computers in their garage together. After some time
Wozniak had invented the Apple I, something he had invented after dabbling in computer–design.
Jobs liked his invention and thought that it would be a good idea to try and sell it. They sold the
Apple I at an early computer store called Byte Shop for $666.66, over 200 units sold. Apple
computer 's real big hit came one year later with the reveal of the Apple 2, a much better version
than its predecessor, it came in a plastic case and also had color graphics. The Apple II also later had
an easy to use floppy disk (Apple Disk II) making it very popular. By the time 1980 rolled around
Apple had garnered thousands of fans and employees. Jobs had begun developing the Lisa but was
taken off the project by the president of Apple. Instead of giving up with his ideas all together he
decided the best course of action would be to take over someone else 's project, which just happened
to be Macintosh. Around this
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Donna Dubinsky and Apple Computer, Inc.
Donna Dubinsky and Apple Computer, Inc.
As companies today strive for success in the market place, it is the efficiency of the top management
in the company, which usually determines whether or not they are able to achieve their goals. Many
of these goals and values incorporate concepts surrounding quality products and services,
innovation, team spirit, and efficient management, just to name a few. However, many times a
disconnect in one or more of these areas can cause communication barriers, leading to various
organizational conflicts and problems. In the case of Donna Dubinsky and Apple Computer, Inc. a
sudden unexpected change has contributed to such organizational conflict and a break down in many
of the necessary communication ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Fourth, it is quite clear that Apple–II and Macintosh Divisions were having a power struggle over
importance within the company. There was obvious tension between the Apple II Division, which
felt its contributions to the firm was undervalued, and the Macintosh Division, whose general
manager, Jobs, saw it as the technological vanguard within Apple. We see this conflict between the
divisions as detrimental to the growth of the company.
Lastly, it seems that Dubinsky was unable to handle the problem in the correct manner. She had
numerous reasons to believe that her current approach for distribution was working fine and Jobs
lacked a strong reason to completely change the approach. She believed that the company was
necessarily acting as a financer for the dealers, most of whom were not very strong financially. If
this process is changed, it could be catastrophic for the dealers. The problem with Dubinsky was the
fact that she was not able to sell her ideas to the top management. She believed, very simplistically,
that she was supposed to handle her own job, and no one else should meddle in her realm of
responsibilities. That was not the correct approach. She needed to justify her actions to her superiors
and should not have felt let down if asked to explain her position. She also seemed to be quite
inflexible in her approach. She had dismissed Jobs approach without analyzing the possible merits.
Action Plan
It is very important for the company to
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Apple 's Personal Computer Product Line Essay
Currently Apple makes products such as the Mac computer, iPhone, iPod, iPad, and Apple Watch.
But when time back to January 9, 2001, Apple's product line is limited. Most of their products are
personal computer and computer accessory. The most famous product at that time is Macintosh
which is known as MAC now. The Macintosh was released on January 22, 1984 which is 32 years
ago. Now the Apple's personal computer product line has largely expanded. Apple now makes
product like Macbook, Mac–Air, Mac Pro, Mac Mini, iMac which satisfied their customer from all
needs. When time went to the 21st century, Apple also has revolutionized the music listening and
downloading industry when it launched the iPod, in 2001, and iTunes, in 2003[5]. We could not
forget about the moment at Macworld Conference & Expo in January 2007 where Steve Jobs
introduced the revolutionary iPhone, "a convergence of an Internet–enabled smartphone and iPod".
[4] The first–generation iPhone was released on June 29, 2007 priced from $499 (4 GB) to $599 (8
GB) with an exclusive contract with one of the largest service provider – AT&T. After that
momentous date, the iPhone product line became a huge success[6]. In 2010, Apple released the
iPad, which lead to other companies creating similar products that would not match up to the
iPad[7]. Since Apple has so many products, the iCloud was created so users could connect all their
Apple devices and store their data. A strategic issue Apple needs to
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Analysis Of The Board Members Of Apple Computers Essay
It is important to understand the background of the board members of Apple Computers to
understand the impact they have on the company. Tim Cook, William V. Campbell Millard Drexler,
Albert Gore Jr and Andrea Jung are all crucial board members that impact Apple Computers daily
operations. Tim Cook is the most important executive and the CEO of Apple. Before being named
CEO in August 2011 he was in charge of a large portion of the companies planning and daily
operations, His direction and supervision anticipated an essential spike in deals for Apple 's
Macintosh division and delivered a significant arrange in the revamping of key supplier affiliations,
guaranteeing adaptability in light of a clearly interest for business center. Furthermore before joining
Apple, Tim was VP of Corporate Materials for Compaq and was responsible for obtaining and
taking care of the lion 's offer of Compaq 's thing stock. Prior to his work at Compaq, Tim was the
boss working officer of the Reseller Division at Intelligent Electronics. He put in 12 years with
IBM, most beginning late as official of North American Fulfillment where he headed storing up and
course constrains for IBM 's Personal Computer Company in North and Latin America. Tim earned
an M.b.a from Duke University, where he was a Fuqua Scholar, and a Bachelor of Science degree in
Industrial Engineering from Auburn University. He developed his business savvy and ski from his
previous experience with Compaq and IBM. His duties as CEO
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Apple Computer, Inc. Essay
Apple computer, Inc. is one of the largest tech companies in the world. The company was
established on April 1, 1976, and incorporated on January 3, 1977. Apple computer had been using
this name for the first 30 years then removed the word "computer" on January 9, 2007. Apple has
produced a lot of innovative products and has successfully become one of the top leaders in the field
of technology. Apple itself produces hardware which includes Macintosh computers, iPods, iPhones
and iPads. In order to support their own hardware, Apple has also created software including Mac
OS X operating system, iOS mobile operating system, iTunes, a professional photography package,
a suite of professional audio and film–industry, final cut studio, logic ... Show more content on
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IPod Shuffle, the first famous "i" product, is a media player designed by Apple and was announced
on October 23, 2001. Apple then later produced more different versions of iPod, such as iPod Nano,
iPod Touch and iPod Classic along with the only compatible software iTunes. At the time that iPod
was introduced to the market, iPod was designed to be fashionable and flexible in regards to
listening to the music anytime and anywhere. A 5GB drive would hold the entire music collection of
about 1000 songs (Aune, April 2010). The majority of the people who bought iPods wanted to use
iPods as their media players because the innovative design and functions. People usually use iPods
for tunes only, but ideally, iPods aren't just for tunes. A rural university in Australia has been trying
to broadcast lectures by giving out iPods. Students were allowed to have distant learning instead of
attending class. They would no longer need to worry about transportation since they did not need to
physically go to school. They no longer needed to worry if they are short of money to pay tuition.
Students could have their lectures anywhere and anytime they want, and the lectures could be
listened to multiple times (Ragusa, Chan, Crampton, August 2009).
The next device released in the iPod family would be the iPod Nano. The first generation of the iPod
Nano was released at the end of 2005. The iPod Nano was designed as a digital
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Analysis Of Apple Computers Newer Product Lines Essay
Executive Summary
This paper chronicles the critical analysis of the Apple computers newer product lines, its
competitors and recent inventions. It also identifies Apple Computers most up–to–date product lines,
and procedures that they carry out in the market that is suitable for learning on the enterprise
information that makes logical decisions about the future the company. The paper also has
establishes what the company has incorporated in its recent development in technology to come up
with newer product lines. In this regard, the company has been able to gain a meaningful
competitive advantage in this market through dominating the market. Therefore for their systems
managers, they have been able to learn lessons for running the company effectively. In addition,
through the use of the customer relationship business activities, the company has been able to win
more customers who were previously aligned to their competitors. Through this, the company has
been able to develop loyal customers who directly associate themselves with the enterprise 's
products.
3
Running head: APPLE COMPUTER ANALYSIS
Introduction
The Apple Computer Company is possibly one of the most innovative technology companies to
emerge in the last three decades. It was established in 1976 and went public in 1980, founded by
Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak and is one of the leading technological companies in the world
(Gupta & Prinzinger, 2013). It is responsible for bringing to market such products as the
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Donna Dubinsky and Apple Computer Case Study Essay
Donna Dubinsky and Apple Computer, Inc.
Report of Findings and Recommendations
Prepared By:
Robin Armstrong
Table of Contents
Background and Scope 3
Current Scenario 4
Situation Analysis 6
Conclusions and Recommendations 8
Background and Scope
This report has been prepared for Professor XXX. This report summarizes the complete review of
Donna Dubinsky's career at Apple Computer as the Director of Distribution and Sales
Administration and the proposed distribution system. In addition, Donna Dubinsky's response and
handling of the proposed distribution system will be assessed.
This review concludes that despite Donna Dubinsky's stellar education as a Yale graduate and a
Harvard MBA she completely ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
"You wanted to agree so you found a ground to agree on...But you know what? I never really
believed it."
In April 1985, Donna Dubinsky attended the "Leadership Experience" seminar. Ms. Dubinsky
thought that Ms. Coleman used this seminar to "lobby for her cause." Ms. Dubinsky began to see her
own disillusionment as part of a larger problem where the executives were "confused, demoralized,
and critical of the company." She ended the seminar with the realization that proposed distribution
strategy was "so radical that it would shut the company down." So the next day she met with Bill
Campbell who was Roy Weaver's manager and presented him with an ultimatum. Ms. Dubinsky
wanted thirty (30) days to develop her own distribution strategy proposal or she would leave Apple.
.
Situation Analysis
The following situations are analyzed.
Donna Dubinsky versus Proposed Distribution System
Since Donna Dubinsky and Roy Weaver did not address Mr. Jobs questions regarding the 1985
Distribution Business Plan, he assigned Debi Coleman to develop a new Distribution Strategy
Proposal based on the "just–in–time" concept. Ms. Dubinsky was not proactive in presenting her
issues and concerns regarding the "just–in–time" concept. It is assumed that she considered the idea
not feasible and that it would not gain momentum; however, the exact opposite occurred.
Unbeknownst to Donna Dubinsky, around the same time, Roy Weaver's
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Apple
Ayomipo Burch Williams Loelius Strategic Management Concepts & Cases 07/22/2011 *
Describe the key strategic challenges facing Apple Computer. * One of Apple biggest key issue will
be the rate that technology is growing and the ability to keep up with and also the prices at which
there products are sold for; they are face with constant new arrivals at prices that are more
affordable especially in today's economy where everybody is looking for ways to save money. They
are also faced with having to maintain its marketing, relationship building and brand management
techniques as they spread into a much wider market, gaining a much larger customer base that
includes a lot of more diverse customer. Technology and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net
...
More company is finding ways to provide the same level of technology but at a much more
affordable price. It is a common practice in order to stay in competition that manufacturers cut their
prices to adjust with what the average consumer is willing to pay, but Apple has remained constant
in what they are willing to sell their products for, and they are losing out on a lot of potential
consumers. The company also face a lot of competition when it comes to their music products
because more and more company are now able to gain the same contract with recording companies
to provide the same service at a cheaper rate. Other factors also include performance, availability
and distribution. Describe how Apple 's strategy stands up against industry rivalry Apple stands up
against its competitors by having a very strong marketing strategy and by constantly reminding their
consumers why spending more money can give you more in a product. The company is known for
their products to be unique by carefully evaluating and testing their products before releasing them
for sale. They carefully evaluate the designs and steady looking for ways to be different from their
competitors, they believe if they remain different it will increase their chances of brand
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Apple Computer Case
Apple Computer, Inc case study 14 Apple has created a unique and powerful reputation and product
line that continues to be innovative and fresh to the consumer for the last 30 plus years. Apple has
continued to be an industry leader for hardware and in the recent years faces the extremely fast–
paced market of media and software products including the global marketplace. SWOT ANALYSIS
Strengths: * Having alliances with other strong and popular businesses is a major plus point for
Apple Computer, Inc. as it helps bring in new customers and make business more effective. * Being
a market leader, as Apple Computer, Inc. is, is key to their success as it boosts reputation, profit and
market share. * Riding high in the niche market in ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
could help them raise sales and increase their product portfolio. * Expanding into other markets
could be a possibility for Apple Computer, Inc. * Forming strategic alliances and joint ventures is an
opportunity for Apple Computer, Inc. to maximize profit and gain new business. Threats: * New
products/services from rival firms could lead to Apple Computer, Inc.'s products/services being less
in demand. * Changes in the way consumers shop and spend and other changing consumer patterns
could be a threat to Apple Computer, Inc.'s performance. * Not keeping up with changes in
technology could be detrimental to the future of Apple Computer, Inc. as they could slip behind their
rivals. * Slow growth and decline of the Electronics market is a threat to Apple Computer, Inc. *
Extra competition and new competitors entering the market could unsteady Apple Computer, Inc.
and be a threat. * The actions of a competitor could be a major threat against Apple Computer, Inc.,
for instance, if they bring in new technology or increase their workforce to meet demand. * Apple
Computer, Inc. could be threatened by the growing power customers have to set the price of their
products/services. * Apple Computer, Inc. could be threatened by the growing power their suppliers
have to set their prices. * Substitute products available on the market present a major threat to Apple
Computer, Inc. ANALYSIS
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The Difference Between Macintosh, Apple And Apple Inc....
Dell or Apple The important difference between Macintosh (Mac), Apple Inc. and Dell Inc.
computers are that they are designed to run different operating systems. While there is a multitude of
software available on both systems, some programs are only compatible with one system or the
other. Beyond this, the hardware is different in terms of functionality, materials and visual aspects.
These factors lead to price differences, with Mac being commonly more expensive than the Dell
counterpart. Although a number of solutions have been offered that make for the best of both
worlds, the Mac and PC debate has been continuous for many years, yet there is still a split between
the two, with Apple and Dell computers standing on either side. Both types of technologies have
their own exclusive benefits and drawbacks. The users specific needs and requirements will
determine which one is ultimately selected. Operating Systems Mac comes with the current Apple
operating system (Mac OS) preinstalled, while Dell comes with an edition of the latest version of
Microsoft Windows. With the two companies making constant updates, operating systems are well
known for constantly changing in terms of cost and the amount of RAM and hard drive space they
require. As of 2011, the latest Apple and Windows offerings require the same amount of RAM.
However, Apple's OS is less expensive and takes up less hard drive space. Another key difference is
that Dell computers can run either a 32– or a 64– bit
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Entrepreneurial Orientation In The Apple Computer Company
Entrepreneurial orientation is a key concept when organizations are creating strategies to do
something new and take advantage of opportunities that other organizations cannot exploit (Ketchen
& Short, 2017). It can be defined as an organizational–level strategic management, which includes
characteristic such as: autonomy, risk–taking, competitive aggressiveness, innovativeness and pro–
activeness. When major brands Apple and Nike implement entrepreneurial orientation successfully,
they're able to achieve high performance and quality products through innovative techniques that
allows them to maintain market dominance. We'll go into further detail discussing how both these
companies effectively executed entrepreneurial orientation to achieve such success; starting with
some background information.
Apple's history dates to 1974 when two men, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak had a vision that
inexpensive home computers would soon be in demand. Two years later, Jobs and Wozniak built
their first computer in Jobs' family garage, they named it Apple I. On April 1, 1976, the Apple
Computer Company was established.
Nike began as an enterprise in Oregon with its founder, sports enthusiast Phil Knight. In 1962, Nike
started under the name Blue Ribbon Sports. During this time, the athletic shoe industry was
dominated by the Adidas and Puma companies. Knight recognized there was segment of serious
athletes that had specialized needs that were not being addressed by the major companies.
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Apple 's Rise From An Obscure Computer Company
Table of Contents Executive Summary.................................................................Page 2
Introduction.............................................................................Pages 2–3 Economic
Factors.....................................................................Pages 3–4 Labor and Wage
Pressures.......................................................Pages 4–5 Currency Fluctuation
Effects...................................................Pages 5–7 Economies of
Scale....................................................................Pages 7–8 Technological Advancement
Savings.......................................Pages 8–9 Tariff
Hindrances.....................................................................Page 9 Open Economy vs.
Growth.........................................................Page 10 Speculation, Hedging, and
Arbitrage.......................................Page 11 Current Trade
Policy.................................................................Page 12 Trade Policy
Evaluation............................................................Page 13
Conclusion..................................................................................Page 14
References..................................................................................Pages 15–16 Executive Summary
This research paper will seek to describe Apple's rise from an obscure computer company to the
World leader in electronic devices. A brief introduction describes Apple from the start to its enviable
present day status as one of the most valuable companies in the World. Apple's expansion from
America to other Continents will be discussed in the introduction. Next, will be a thorough
examination of specific economic factors affecting the company with a prediction, based upon
current data, of likely occurrences in the future that will impact the organization with positive and
negative ramifications. Additionally, an evaluation of current trade policies will be listed and
evaluated as to how these policies currently affect Apple and a
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Personal Computer Company At Apple
Brief Chronology:
1976 With $1,300, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak found Apple Computer, Inc.
1980 Apple converts to public ownership.
1982 Apple becomes the first personal computer company to reach $1 billion in annual sales.
1985 John Scully assumes the helm after a management shakeup that causes the departure of Jobs
and several other Apple executives.
1991 PowerBook line of notebook computers is released.
1994 Power Macintosh line is released.
1996 Acquisition of NeXT brings Steve Jobs back to Apple as a special advisor.
1997 Steve Jobs is named interim chief executive officer.
1998 The all–in–one iMac is released.
2000 Jobs, firmly in command as CEO, oversees a leaner, more tightly focused Apple.
2001 The iPod is ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Apple expects this trend to continue during 2008 and to reach sales of 10 million iPhones, stealing 1
percent of the mobile phone market share. (Chapman & Haskisson).
One year following the untimely death of Steve Jobs, the company he co–founded and led for most
of his adult life appears to be thriving and lacking any serious obstacles to its break–neck growth in
a rapidly changing technology market. (Gallagher, 2012)
That said, Apple Inc. still has plenty of challenges ahead. Some of those stem simply from the nature
of the fast–paced, hyper–competitive consumer technology business the company currently
competes in – and largely dominates. (Gallagher, 2012)
Other challenges may be more unique to Apple and its singular focus on a relatively narrow line of
products. And long–term, the company may still feel the loss of a leader who possessed an uncanny
ability to see around corners, and bend other strong personalities to his will. (Gallagher, 2012)
"The guy who could literally pull rabbits out of his hat no longer exists," said independent
technology analyst Roger Kay. (Gallagher, 2012)
Apple's had a phenomenally strong year since Jobs' death from cancer last October, which left the
company permanently in the hands of the senior management team he spent years cultivating, led by
CEO Tim Cook. It's also had some stumbles along the way. (Gallagher, 2012)
Some missteps with features such as
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Summary Of The Continuous Case Of Apple Corps Vs. Apple...
After reading the case, I came to the conclusion that sitting on the jury to make a decision of the
continuous case of Apple Corps vs Apple Computers would be a difficult task. This entire case is
subject to how one views Apple Corps and Apple Computers. The first court case started in 1978
when Apple Corps, the holding company of Apple Records, filed a lawsuit against Apple Computer
for trademark infringement. This dispute was settled 3 years later in 1981 for a sum, that some
estimated to be $250million however it turned out that the amount was only for $80,000. The
agreement the two companies settled upon was that Apple Computer would never enter into the
music business and in return Apple Corps would never enter into the computer business.
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Apple Computer vs Microsoft
Introduction:
It seems that the competition that has been brewing between Apple Inc. (NASDAQ: AAPL) and
Microsoft Corp. (NASDAQ: MSFT) has never really died down from the late 1970s, even as both
companies have had ups and downs in the stock market and in the consumer products market as
well.
Apple Inc. v. Microsoft Corp., was a copyright infringement lawsuit in which Apple Computer
sought to prevent Microsoft and Hewlett–Packard from using visual graphical user interface (GUI)
elements that were similar to those in Apple's Lisa and Macintosh operating systems. Some critics
claimed that Apple was really attempting to gain all intellectual property rights over the desktop
metaphor for computer interfaces, and perhaps all GUIs, on personal ... Show more content on
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The district court had to grapple with graphical user interfaces in the first instance – and for the first
time, with a claim of copying a computer program's artistic look as an audio–visual work instead of
program codes registered as a literary work. In this case there is also the unusual, added complexity
of a license that arguably covers some or most of the allegedly infringing works. The district court
therefore had to cut new paths as it went along; we have the luxury of looking at the case at the end
of the trip. From this vantage point, it is clear that treatment of ,Apple's GUIs, whose visual displays
are licensed to a great degree and which are a tool for the user to access various functions of a
computer in an aesthetically and economically pleasing way, follows naturally from a long line of
copyright decisions which recognizes that works cannot be substantially similar where analytic
dissection demonstrates that similarities in expression are either authorized, or arise from the use of
,common ideas or their logical extensions.
Therefore they hold:
(1) Because there was an agreement by which Apple licensed the right to make certain derivative
works, the district court properly started with the license to determine what Microsoft was permitted
to copy. Infringement cannot be founded on a licensed similarity. We read Microsoft's license as the,
district court did, to cover visual displays – not the Windows 1.0
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The History of Chemistry: Apple Computers Essay
Before the age of Apple Technologies, Pcs and androids were the most popular items on the market,
and that soon changed once Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak introduced their new toy to the public.
Their "toy" will change the world forever weather they knew it or not.
Apple Computer first came to be a company in 1976. Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak worked
extremely hard on their new inventions. These two intelligent men dropped out of college, and were
often judged upon doing so. Apple officially started in the basement or garage, rather than at an
expensive business location. When these two men decided to start on their invention they were
laughed at and mocked. But they surprised the public when they turned out to become some of the
riches ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In 2012 of Christmas last year Apple came out with the new iPhone 5, this new phone was far
different than any other technology that Apple has ever made. This iPhone has great features such as
a new body style which is easier to hold with one hand, and it also has a new camera. This new
IPhone made a huge difference to the phones of the Apple family, especially compared to the IPhone
4 which came out the previous year. Not long after the iPhone 5 was created the iPhone 5c which
was created in a totally different way. The iPhone 5c has a brand new body style with a plastic cover
and a new curvy outline. It also has a better camera and new apps that come included on the phone.
One of the most interesting improvements was the fingerprint scanner. It allows you to press your
finger tip on the home button instead of having a pass code or a word to unlock the phone. It is a
new and safer way to keep your phone safe.
Over the years Apple has come up with the smart concept that the more new inventions they come
up with the more sales, commission and money they make. During their timely experimenting of the
invention of the iPhone 5 they had to invent a new cord to only fit the iPhone 5 and iPhone 5c. In
my opinion this was a small concept to lead apple buyers to spend more money on a totally different
cord. Even though it's a small innovation it can bring in a major profit for the Apple
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Apple Computer, Inc.
Apple Computer, Inc., is an American multinational corporation. The company originally founded
on April 1, 1976, is located in Cupertino, California. Apple is renowned for their designs, having
developed their own computer software and personal computers that have revolutionized the world
of electronics. Apple was the first company to introduce the 8–bit fully functional home computer
called, Apple II, in 1977. The Apple II eventually became the first successful commercially
produced microcomputers. The framework behind the Apple II is what set the precedent for other
computer manufacturers, and ultimately led to further advancements in the world of technology.
Apple Inc., is most known for products such as, the Mac computers, the iPod music player, the
iPhone, the iPad, and the newest addition to the lineup for Apple, the iWatch. Apple offers their own
software products, such as the iOS, as well as, their mobile operating system, OS X. This is the
Apple operating system, and application software.
By revenue, among global technology companies Apple has the highest revenue ($233 billion),
profit ($53 billion), assets ($239 billion) and market cap ($586 billion) for the past year (Forbes
2016). These results make Apple not only the biggest technology company in the world, but also
recognizes them as the 8th largest company in the world. Marking a return to the global top ten, and
fourth largest in the U.S. on the 2016 Forbes Global 2000. Forbes list also named Apple the
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Apple Computer Interventions
In the world, there have been inventions that have completely changed how we see the world.
Without some of these inventions, things that we do everyday might not occur. For example, the
Apple Computer is one of these inventions. It has many different websites and apps for many
different reasons. The Apple computer has gone through many updates and changes to make it more
resourceful. This computer changed the technological life in the personal and public eye. The Apple
computer provides services or websites for self security, it provides websites and apps for
entertainment, and shows jobs and tasks for unemployed and employed people in a need for a way
to make money. The Apple computer and its inventors, Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs, made this
product partly to have ways to keep your personal information secure. They made passwords to
protect personal information. Without passwords, impersonators and frauds can tap into your
information and it can cause identity theft, and other crimes. If you have passwords, and anti–virus
protection, you will protect your saved information from people like that. They also created a
History and Favorites section, to keep past websites documented. Without this feature, you could
lose important websites and other apps that you have to come back to later. These websites can be
anything from games to schedules for work or school, or for your kids, or other people. Security on
the computer will also protect these websites and your everyday aspects of life on you computer.
Apple computers provide ways of entertainment, to keep people interested in the computer and any
other products they want to sell. Instead of paying for a tv or a tablet separately, you could get an
all–in–one version of both of them for a cheaper price. For example, a tv would cost $499, and a
tablet $199. Instead of buying both and using them separately, you could buy a computer, which is
both of them in one, for $399. On computers, there are videos and movies, both free and for a price,
that are available to watch for entertainment, whether it be informational, or for fun. There are also
game websites, and apps to purchase and navigate to, also free or for a price. Instead of going to a
game store and
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Apple Marketing Portfolio: Mac Computers Essay
Apple Marketing Portfolio: Mac Computers Apple is a multibillion–dollar company that we thought
would be very useful to analyze since they have had so much success with their products and
marketing techniques, specifically the Mac computers. We saw the opportunity to learn a lot from
their different marketing approaches and strategies with their computers against the competitors.
Steven Jobs and Stephen Wosniak created Apple in 1976. The two young entrepreneurs probably
would have never thought their company would be so successful. They first came out with a
microcomputer, which was used mostly by hobbyists and had little success. It wasn't until 1977
when Jobs and Wosniak introduced to the world the Apple 2 that they tasted any form ... Show more
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Constantly hard at work to develop new ways to simplify their computers the two men introduced
the first I–Mac in 1998, a computer that would change the tech world forever. Since the I–Mac,
Apple has been constantly revamping, recreating, adding bells and whistles and simplifying their
computers in the best ways they can find. They not only became successful with their I–Mac but
Apple decided in 2001 to come out with other Apple products such as the I–pod, different computer
software, I–tunes, and most recently the company has come out with the ever so popular I–phone, a
phone that combines the features of numerous electronic devices. The ever–expanding business has
grown and has been recognized worldwide as the leader in computer design. Making the Apple even
more appealing to more consumers it has recently partnered up with Intel, allowing for PC users to
switch over to Macs with ease. Apple seems to have their marketing strategies and techniques down
to a science. They seem to manage uncontrollable marketing pressures in areas such as social,
economic, technological, competitive and legal challenges with success. Social Environment: Apple
has researched the uncontrollable social environment so effectively that they perhaps border on
controlling it. There ability to adapt to changes in social pop–culture, and appeal to the current times
and trends have earned them the sales they most definitely deserve. One cannot not deny the
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Apple Computers Case Study Project
Background Information Apple computers was established on April 1, 1976 by Steve Jobs, Steve
Wozniak and Ronald Wayne and incorporated on January 3, 1997. The first Apple Computer was put
together by Steve Wozniak and sold for $500.00. The computer, called Apple I, went on sale in July
of 1976 and consisted of a circuit board, keyboards and screens. While Wozniak built the computers
himself, both he and Jobs and sold them to a computer store, the Byte Shop, in Mountain View
California. Most people recall Apple Computers as being founded by "the two Steves", Jobs and
Wozniak. However, Wayne was present in the garage at the founding of Apple. Wayne, then 41,
worked with Jobs at Atari during the day. It was there, Jobs (21) and Wayne became ... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
Apple's plan was to control its product in every way, (i.e. marketing, design, production,
distribution) in an attempt to have the best product on the market. It seems Apple was extremely
successful in implementing its plan. In the industry, Apple has become excellent at marketing its
brand and its products. Apple purchased NeXT late in 1996 bringing Jobs back to the company he
helped co–found. Under Jobs, Apple sales increased significantly on the back of "appealing designs"
and powerful branding. Brand appeal is the attraction you have to a brand and it makes your
customers feel like they are purchasing "hours and hours" of perfection. Jobs' was admired for the
brand appeal he brought to Apple products. After Jobs' return, he got personally involved in Apple
products. He had to know how many screws were in a laptop case because he felt the level of
perfection in its products would have a direct result with Apple's success. Apple's hardware was
proprietary, meaning if you wanted to run Apple software you had to own an Apple computer. When
asked about the value of Apple by AllThings Digital, Jobs responded by saying he found it all pretty
incredible but "for him the most important thing was always that customers got great products." Jobs
was concerned with the functionality of the products over the quarterly results Apple delivered.
Another example of the planning and time that goes into the marketing of Apple products are how
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Strategic Planning That Transformed Apple Computer to...
Apple is considered to this day one of the most important and well–known corporations of the world
(Rumelt, 2011). Since the early beginnings the company has been known for its particular focus on a
specific user market as well as its customer friendly campaigns and touch for an upper medium
consumer. Currently, Apple stands as one of the most successful corporations on the market. This
place however is the result of a specific line of thinking and a strategic planning that transformed
Apple Computer to Apple Inc. and placing the company in front of its competitors. Apple Computer
changed its strategy over time. "Conventional wisdom holds that firms should choose a single, clear
strategy such as going for uniqueness, focusing on intense efficiency, or selecting a market niche. It
also holds that if they attempt to implement more than one strategy simultaneously they will run into
organizational contradictions, stakeholder confusion and ultimately fail." (Heracleous, 2013) The
strategy proposed by Apple Computer, as Apple, Inc. was known until 2007 was a rather consistent
one in the sense that from the beginning Apple aimed at developing a niche product based on
technology. More precisely, "The secret of Apple's excellence is not in living on the unworkable
bleeding edge, but in doing exceptionally well that which can be done well with present
technology." (Rumelt, 2011) The main idea behind Apple revolves around the needs of the consumer
as opposed to the limits of
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Apple Vs. Microsoft Computers
Apple vs Microsoft computers
Which brand is better, Apple's Mac computers or Microsoft's window computers? Both are huge
technology motivators in our era. The two companies are constantly battling each other with their
products. While most common users buy a computer that 's mainstream or popular don't seem to
realize which computer is really best for them. Here we will talk about which computer is best for
one by hardware, operating system, and software.
Although some people think Apple's computer hardware is the flagship of computers , people
underestimate the price and power of Microsoft's Windows computers. Now hardware of a
Computer is and consists of Random access memory (ram),Central processing unit (CPU), Graphics
card (GPU), and data storage. Hardware defines how fast your computer is , now let 's find out
which is more convenient for a user. So here we have a Mac Pro for three thousand dollars. It has 12
Gigabytes of RAM, a Quad Core CPU at the speed of 3.5Ghz (gigahertz), 2 AMD D300 graphic
cards , along with 256 Gigabyte Solid state Hard Drive (storage). On the other hand we have a
Windows ABS berserker computer for eight hundred dollars. It has 16 gigabytes of RAM , an eight
core processor at the speed of 3.5ghz, a r9 380x graphics card , and 2 terabytes (2,000 Gigabytes) of
a regular hard disk memory, with an addition of a 256 gigabyte solid state Hard Drive for eighty
dollars. Now if we look at a benchmark chart of the two , we see the Windows machine is
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Apple Computer Case Analysis
APPLE COMPUTER CASE ANALYSIS After the return of Steve Jobs at Apple Computer many
changes happened which finally brought the company back to profitability. However Apple holds a
market share of only 3.48 percent among its six strongest competitors. The fact is that today the PC
market is a mature market and only the strong survive. In Exhibit 1 is shown how the PC market has
been shared among the most valuable players and how Apple 's share has decreased by more than
half during five years time. Under the current situation the only way for a company to increase its
market share is to take customers away from the competition. So the question is what Apple has to
do in order to gain more market share. First of all let ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
5. Return on Total Assets is improving by 2002 but is still lower than the competition, which means
that the total investment on Apple has not yet attributed what is expected. Though we have to focus
on how can Apple increase its market share, in other words how they can persuade the customers to
switch from Windows to MAC OS. Since as stated in the case study if Apple took 1% of Windows
users to switch, Apple 's market share would increase by 20–35%. What are the reasons preventing
people from switching from Windows to Mac? The main reason is the compatibility between these
operating systems. Apple has isolated itself from the market, as they focus on developing both
hardware and software, which are compatible only with one another . That explains also in a great
value the low profitability ratios referred above. Apple spends too much on research and
development and also on manufacturing because their products are not compatible with the
competition. So Apple has to take a strategic step forward and develop an operational system which
will be fully compatible with Windows. A Mac OS in which users will be able to run any Microsoft
program. In that way Apple customers will maintain their Image and Style but also will not be
limited from using any software on the market. In such a case there may be an
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The Impact of Apple Computers
The year 1968 marks the revolution of computers as Engelbart demonstrated to the public a new
type of computer that featured graphical user interface (GUI) (page 105–106). After the
demonstration, Engelbart and Xerox PARC designed and created the first commercialized computer
with GUI (Xerox Alto) and other advanced features that included word processing, an operation
system, programs that are easy to use, and etcetera (p. 119). The Xerox Alto had the potential to
create a sensation in the 1970s, but the hefty price on the finalized product was too much for its time
(page 120). After a short period of time, the product became a failure due to poor marketing with its
astonishing high price. Nevertheless, Xerox PARC left a legacy that helped created a device that
made Apple famous in the 1980s. Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak (Woz) are the two geniuses of their
time. They created the Apple Company in the 1970s, and when these two combined their knowledge
of computing, they invented the world first low–cost computer in 1977, the Apple II. Not only these
computers are affordable, they were user friendly, and they had a useful program called VisiCalc
(the world first spreadsheet that is useful for business people). These computers sold millions (page
138–139). After the success with Apple II, the two Steves work together with Xerox PARC. With the
collaboration Apple and Xerox, they invented the Macintosh. Unlike its precedent, the Apple II, the
Macintosh it had a revolutionary GUI
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Industry Analysis: Apple Computers Essay
Industry Análisis: Apple Computer 1. Analyzing the computer industry from 1995 to 2005 seemed
to be like analyzing a game of chest between the major competitors. The development is noticeable
and the shaping of different corporate strategies could be sensed easily thanks to the different
approaches toward the movement of the industry that the companies had; some of them shaped it,
some followed it and some helped it grow. In order for us to analyze the computer industry during
the up said time period, we will consider porter's five forces analysis, though static, it helps improve
one's understanding of the setting and the conditions of such. Porte's five forces constituted the
analysis of the new entrants to the industry as the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Supplier's power, on the other hand, may be more of a barrier, for as Yoffie and Wang state:
"microprocessors were the hardware brains of a PC", there for having a sole producer evidently
create a great supplier power. Even thought through out the 1995 to 2005 time period there were
more producers of this piece, Intel remained the market leader and Apple had a hard time competing
but was not highly dependent on Intel microprocessors given that apple produced its computers from
scratch. As far as the second most important piece of the computer, the operating system, Microsoft
dominated the market especially after during 1995 to 2005 after the release of Windows 95 and its
following versions. Ones again, Apple did not have a high dependency of Windows processing
system, but had a hard time competing with it. Considering, supplier's power for manufacturers and
most companies, except for Apple, is extremely. As far as buyer's power, the PC buyers are
segmented by Yoffie and Wang into four categories: 1) business, 2) Government, 3) Education and
4) Home. The business buyers represented around 60% of the PC industry, even so, we may not
consider the business buyer as a very powerful one since (comparing to other consumers) it is the
least cost sensitive, this not saying that the business buyer is not concern with price, but it is more
concern with a combination of service an price and not just price. Apple's business
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Apple Computers Case Study
College dropouts Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak founded Apple Computers April 1, 1975; they were
able to provide an infusion of youth, entrepreneurism and a revolutionary way of thinking to the
stale world that was technology and computers. Apple grew exponentially during the 1980s and well
into the 1990s. Steven Jobs introduced the world to the iMac Desktop home computer, iPod, iPad,
Apple TV, Apple Watch, and most notably, the iPhone (Richardson, 2008). With the introduction of
the iPhone in 2007, Apple Inc. reached meteoric heights in both the business and technological
worlds alike. Winning fans globally, the iPhone launched the company into multi–billion dollar
profits and made early investors multi–millionaires many times over. Although Steve Jobs died in
2011, his legacy still lives on through numerous Apple Inc. projects and initiatives; Apple is widely
known to be one of the most valuable corporations globally. Apple Inc. has done a phenomenal job
of branching out to the furthest reaches of the world, placing immense power and technology in the
hands of billions of people globally. The three most critical challenges facing Apple in China
specifically is the threat of new market entrants as well as the threat of competition from existing
players within the market. Technology giants like Samsung, Motorola and LG all have cutting–edge,
technologically advanced smart phones that are cheaper than any iPhone models. The launches of
the newest versions of iPhones
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Comparing Apple Macintosh Computers to Microsoft Windows PCs
Today's world is filled with technology that is constantly changing and evolving. For most children
born in the twenty–first century, it is hard to imagine living in a world that does not run on
computers or any other type of electronic device. From governments, to businesses, to schools, to
the casual at–home user: computers are used by the majority of people living in developed countries
on a day–to–day basis. One of the largest debates in technology is the famous ever–lasting battle
between Apple Macintosh computers and Microsoft Windows PCs (personal computers). Most
common consumers who aren't sure of what kind of computer they should invest in (Mac or PC)
often raise one general question: Which is truly better? While both companies have dedicated fans
that would do anything to protect their favorite computer from ridicule, each company has a set of
pros and cons that could help an individual make up his or her mind on what computer is right for
them. Both brands can be compared to one another by breaking them down into three technological
categories: build quality, hardware, and software.
One of the main topics that PC users will use to argue against Macs is that they are overpriced and
underpowered. In other words, users could buy an apple computer for two–thousand dollars, but
also buy a PC at equal quality valued at around seven–hundred to a thousand dollars. What these
users do not take into consideration is the superior build quality of an apple computer
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Apple 's Successful Computer And Technology Companies Essay
As Apple begin to grow to this huge company, Steve encounter many issues that resulted him in
getting fired. Apple began to lose its value and it was not long before Steve Jobs returned to the
company hiring a whole new management team. After this new transition, Apple introduced the
iMac which furthered the success of the company exponentially. The release of these products
developed new innovation and opened doors to other industries using technology. The innovation
involved in these products has launched Apple into one of the most successful computer and
technology companies. The timing of the introduction of new products has also been critical. Jobs
seems to have a flow for determining when products should be introduced to the market. The launch
of the iPod and iTunes came out during the time when much of the rest of the technology industry
was experiencing a lack of sales. The first and major area of improvement was the creation of Apple
's impressive advertisement of products, iAd, an outlet for ads that will completely revolutionize the
marketing world. iAd delivers interaction and emotional repulse by delivering web ads through the
use of video in ads while consumers are using applications. The marketing strategy used by Apple
includes introducing a product to the shareholders and convincing them as to way the product is a
good investment. The goal is to abolish all doubts and fear of failure. Also to show off the features
that no one has ever seen, prove the
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Apple And The Computer Industry
Introduction The company started off as "Apple Computer," best known for its Macintosh personal
computers (PCs) in the 1980's and 1990's. Despite a strong brand, rapid growth, and high profits in
the late 1980s, Apple almost went bankrupt in 1996 (Kim & Yoffie, 2010, p.1). This can be
explained that Apple has become larger and more significant than other competitors put together in
1980. Because Apple failed to innovate in 1996, the company almost went bankruptcy but
eventually Steve Jobs took Apple from bad situation to the company that can make billions of
dollars through promoted itself as a hip alternative to other computer brands. Apple highlighted its
computers as the world's "greenest lineup of notebooks" that were energy efficient and used
recyclable materials. The goal was to differentiate the Macintosh amid intense competition in the PC
industry (Kim & Yoffie, p.4). Nowadays, Apple has positioned itself to be an innovator in the
personal computer industry and Apple has developed by offering modern products compared to its
competitors. According to Apple's mission statement last year, "Apple designs Macs, the best
personal computers in the world, along with OS X, iLife, iWork and professional software. Apple
leads the digital music revolution with its iPods and iTunes online store. Apple has reinvented the
mobile phone with its revolutionary iPhone and App store, and is defining the future of mobile
media and computing devices with iPad." (Business Management,
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Case Analysis 1: Apple Computer Essay
TAMPERE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Institute of Industrial Management TETA–5036
Management of Innovation
Case Analysis 1: Apple Computer return date: Sturday 10th Novemeber
Students:
206192, Carlos Gomez, carlos.gomezbarbero@tut.fi 206171, Ceyda Elbasioglu,
ceyda.elbasioglu@tut.fi 197327, Fabio Parisi, fabio.parisi@tut.fi 206261, Gina Monjaraz,
georgina.mojarazgomez@tut.fi 206622, Merve Eralp, merve.eralp@tut.fi
Table of Contents:
INTRODUCTION 1
Definition of the problem 2 Historical strategy 2 New Challenges 3
Objectives & criteria for new strategies 3
Options & Ideas for new and improved strategies 4 Alternative 1 4 Alternative 2 4 Alternative 3 5 ...
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It's quite clear that the actual strategy of Steve Jobs and Apple goes toward a biggest share of the
computer markets, although it's never sure in which way they plan to improve/achieve such a goal.
Another key issue in up–to–today Apple strategy is it's entrance on mobile markets, due to the big
importance the telecommunications and their integration with all the other existing electronic
devices (VOIP, UMTS, mobile broadband internet etc) has in shaping a so–called digital
era/revolution.
The first steps in the mobile phone market let us understand once more what the key points in Apple
strategy are. Innovation and Exclusivity go together, a higher–than–the–average price place the new
device as a cult and trend object, something everybody want to have, a real status symbol. In few
words Apple probably believes that a key concept in Innovation is the creation of a need. Along with
the innovation in design, Apple is a pioneer and a leader as well in Environmental issues, another
innovative approach that is granting more and more importance among customers of any product
and people in general, due to very sensitive issue like Global Warming and home safety.
New Challenges
The question is whether Apple strategy will continue proving efficiently innovative. Historically
Apple suffered of some kind of a crisis every decade. Another key issue is the strong focus on the
development of the
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Strategic Business Management for Apple Computers
STRATEGIC BUSINESS MANAGEMENT APPLE COMPUTERS 2002 1. Why did apple perform
well prior to 1991? Apple was successful virtually from the date of the company's first launch in
1976 (Fisk, 2008). Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak sold their initial 200 units without difficulty and
that made it possible for them to secure the necessary venture capital to expand their fledgling
company into one that quickly grew into being one of the premier computer manufacturers at a time
when there was comparatively little competition. They sold their first 100,000 Apple Units and
reached the $1 billion annual sales milestone in record time. Even the subsequent challenge posed
by the IBM line of Windows–based computers in 1985 stimulated Apple to increase its research and
development budget which quickly allowed Apple to dominate the desktop publishing, educational
products, and peripherals markets amounting to approximately half of the entire computer market
and global recognition as the most successful computer manufacturer in the world. As a result,
Apple also reached the $1 billion cash reserve milestone as well (Fisk, 2008). 2. What lead to the
deterioration in Apple's performance from 1992 to 1997? By the early 1990s, Apple already enjoyed
the benefits of a tremendous reputation and brand identity among its many customers and was
greatly outpacing Windows–based computer manufacturers such as IBM (Fisk, 2008). Based on the
strength of sales and brand loyalty, Apple focused largely on
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A Critical Analysis Of Apple Computers
Apple computers
Name
Date
Executive Summary
This report had conducted a critical analysis of the Apple computers newer product lines, its
competitors and recent events. This report has identified that monitoring a c company most modern
product lines, its competitors and events that they carry out in the market is suitable for learning on
the enterprise information and as such makes logical decisions about the future of a venture. In light
of the Apple computers company, this report has established that of late, the company has
incorporated the recent development in technology to come up with newer product lines. In this
regard, the company has been able to gain a meaningful competitive advantage in this market
through ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
This was the first computer that was personalized using a plastic case and impressive color designs.
In light to this, the product was very impressive among the computer users, and the number of
orders multiplied several times upon its introduction into the market. Since then, Apple computers
have been producing newer products every year which are inexpensive as compared to their benefits
and usability. As the company produces new products lines, the number of sales is as well tripling
leading to a dominance of Apple computers through competitive advantage. In this regard, Apple
Company has hired numerous employees and more specifically more experienced mid–level
managers and new investors. In this light, this research report is devoted to outline all the process
that the enterprise managers have taken to ensure that the Apple Company becomes a real company
to the dismay of many of their first employees. This will be achieved by taking into consideration of
the company future products lines, new competitors, and events. In addition, this report will analyze
the benefits the company has accrued through the use of customers relationship management to
dominate the computer market.
Apple Newer Products
Currently, Apple Company is leading in the world through distinct innovations in the iPhone, iPad
the Mac and the Apple Watch innovations. These are some of the recent products that has been
introduced by the Apple Company and as such resulted in the
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Apple Inc Designs and Markets Customer Electronics,...
CHAPTER – I INTRODUCTION 1.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY Consumer Perception is
how information is collected and categorize. Perception is affected by the amount of contact to a
incentive and by individual interpretation. If the same consumer encountered that information often
and from many sources, then the consumer 's attitude toward dairy products might change enough to
influence how often the consumer chose yogurt as a breakfast food. The next step is exploring what
these consumers will buy. The importance of customer satisfaction diminishes when a firm has
increased bargaining power. IMPORTANCE OF CONSUMER PERCEPTION The success of a
business depends upon its ability to attract and retain customers that are ... Show more content on
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The iPad runs on iOS, the same operating system used on Apple 's iPod Touch and iPhone, and can
run its own applications as well as iPhone applications. 4. iPod iPod is a line of portable media
players created by and marketed by Apple Inc. The product line–up consists of the hard drive–based
iPod classic, the touchscreen iPod touch, the compact iPod nano and the ultra–compact iPod shuffle.
iPod classic models store media on an internal hard drive, while all other models use flash memory
to enable their smaller size (the discontinued mini used a Microdrive miniature hard drive). As with
many other digital music players, iPods can serve as external data storage devices. iPhone The
iPhone is a line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The iPhone runs Apple 's iOS
mobile operating system, originally named iPhone OS. The first iPhone was released in 2007;[1] the
most recent iPhone, the 6th–generation iPhone 5, was released on September 21, 2012.[2] The user
interface is built around the device 's multi–touch screen, including a virtual keyboard rather than a
physical one. The iPhone has Wi–Fi and cellular connectivity (2G, 3G and 4G (iPhone 5 only)). 6.
Apple Tv Apple TV is a digital media receiver developed and sold by Apple Inc. It is a small form
factor network appliance designed to play digital content from the iTunes Store, Netflix, Hulu Plus,
YouTube, Flickr, iCloud, MLB.tv, NBA
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Strategic Analysis of Apple Computers
BUSINESS APPLE COMPUTERS STRATEGIC ANALYSIS 2005
Strengths and Opportunities In 2005, Apple Computers experienced significant sales increases
attributable to the earlier rollout of the iPod (Robbins & Judge, 2009). The positive publicity and
brand perception associated with that project also spilled over to its entire line of Macintosh
computers, further bolstering sales revenue and corporate profits that year. The sales volume of
virtually all Apple products increased after the introduction of the iPod, hitting $320 million in June
of 2005 (Robbins & Judge, 2009). In general, every successful Apple product has benefited brand
recognition and perception and invigorated the sales of other product lines, even those not directly
related to it. By the end of 2005, Apple had sold approximately 22 million iPod units and more than
half a billion individual song downloads through its music store, iTunes (George & Jones, 2008).
Weaknesses
Generally, there is also a potential downside to the cross–promotional effect of products: namely, to
the extent consumers draw conclusions about all company products from its failures. In 2005, Apple
suffered from this principle twice, after many iPods were released with batteries that performed
poorly and iPod Nanos were released with screens that malfunctioned ((Akin, Dunford, & Palmer,
2006). In addition to replacing the defective units, the company also provided various free
accessories, such as battery cases. Apple was also pressed by
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...

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Steve Wozniak And The Apple Computer Essay

  • 1. Steve Wozniak And The Apple Computer Essay I. Introduction April 1, 1976, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak created The Apple Computer. They incorporated the company on January 3, 1977 in Cupertino, California. Apple, Inc. is responsible for bringing to market such products as the Macintosh desktop and portable computer, iPod and iTunes, and most recently, the iPhone. What many people may not know is that after founding Apple, Jobs was fired by the company 's board of directors 10 years later at age 30. After his termination, he went on to create two more companies. During this period Apple went through three different CEOs and their stock price dropped to $2 a share. As a result, Jobs was invited back to join the company as CEO. Not only did Jobs rejuvenate Apple but it flourished (Finkle & Mallin, 2010). Apple has over 66,000 employees in the United States, from engineers to retail employees, app developers, suppliers and manufacturers. Apple Inc. introduced the Macintosh in 1984 and sales did pretty well. In 1985 the sales didn't match what had been planned and unfortunately didn't reach anywhere near what the goal was which caused profitability issues. Steve Jobs and Apple hired many employees during their growth over the first seven to eight years since created. They had one product and everyone was working to sell the same thing, creating a very motivated and functional company. As more products were developed and teams were created, things got mixed up. In 1983, John Sculley became CEO and reformatted ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 2.
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  • 5. Apple Computer Company: Life Cycle Of The Apple Company Apple incorporation, previously known as Apple Computer, is a multinational corporation that not only produces personal computers, consumer electronics, computer software, and servers but also a digital distributor of the media content. It has chain of retail stores known as Apple Stores. However, company's information is summarized below: COMPANY INFORMATION Founders of Apple Steve Job and Steve Wozniak First Creation Apple Computer on April 1, 1976 Years of Incorporation of company January 3, 1977 Location of Apple Apple Campus is the corporate headquarters of Apple Inc. located at 1 Infinite Loop in Cupertino, California, United States. Current Owner of Apple Carl Icahn Now owns about $2.5billion worth of Apple Shares ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Qualcomm Incorporated Google Inc. Sony Corporation Motorola Sprint Nextel corporation Adobe System Incorporated Intel Corporation Microsoft Corporation Life Cycle of Apple A life cycle model of Apple is introduced as: Launch: Steve Job and Steve Wozniak started their business without any finance from venture capitalists. They introduced Apple I and made all their expenses on their own. Their business risk was extremely high as their first machine did not prove to be successful and impressive. They had no proper cash flows but still they kept on working to produce some unique element, "Failure doesn't mean you will never achieve, it just means it takes a little longer." –Steve Jobs When they introduce Apple II, people started to recognize their presence and they started to receive orders. Growth: Due to high sales, size of company increased and so did its working staff increased. Apple went public on 12th December 1980 with a share price of $22 per share. Many investors wanted to be a part of it. Apple used the diversification strategy to come ahead of its ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9. Origins of the Apple Computer Company Essay Did you know that the Apple computer started in someone's garage? Many people do not know how it all started. Today, Apple Computer Incorporated, formerly known as Apple Computer Company, dominates the technological industry with Mac, iPod, and iPhone sales. Apple had its best ever quarterly revenue of $1.58 billion dollars in 2008 ("Best Quarterly Revenue" n.pag.). The brilliant minds of Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs led to the inventions of the Apple I and Apple II computers, which revolutionized the computer industry of the 1970s and 1980s. It all started with Steve Wozniak, the kind of person who liked to tell jokes and pull pranks at the schools he attended. During high school, he decided he wanted to become an engineer. He ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Steve "programmed, designed, and tested diagnostics that went to various input and output devices, like printers" (Kendall 17). During his time there, he shared his ideas about computer projects with other workers. He acquired computer chips from these workers that he would not have been able to get otherwise. Telnet was not successful at selling its computer, so it closed in 1970 (Kendall 17). However, his love and dedication towards computers would lead to the development of the first Apple computer. In 1971, Steve and his friend Bill Hernandez designed a pretty good computer and his mother was impressed. She contacted a local newspaper company to do a report on it. They were very excited to explain the operation and specs to the reporter, but that is not how it happened. When the reporter came to see the computer, they started the computer up and the blinking lights came on. After that, someone stepped on the power cord, which caused the computer to start smoking, and then stopped working. The reporter quickly left and only wrote a small article on their computer (Kendall 18). Steve decided it was time to choose a school based on its engineering program. He chose to go to the University of California at Berkeley, because it was one of the best (Kendall 19). This is where he met the most important friend, Steve Jobs. He was "five years younger than Wozniak and still attending Homestead High School" (Kendall 20). They had many ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 13. Case Study 1: Apple Computer 1) What were some of Apple's biggest successes and failures? Describe why. Apple's biggest success stories are not difficult to find. When Apple creates a product that succeeds, they do it in a big way. Take, for example, the iPhone. Not only does the iPhone have a die–hard following of loyal aficionados that continue to buy upgrades to their iPhones on a regular basis, but the iPhone changed the way the entire world looked at cell phones. Beating the first Android phone to the market by a more than a year (Parrish, May 3, 2012), the iPhone took us from phones that looked and functioned strictly like phones, to multi–touch devices that combined phones, cameras, games and MP3s into one device. Another big success for Apple ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... As Merchant noted in the same Businessweek article, "culture informs success" and he quotes Stephen Sadove, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive of Saks as saying says "Culture drives innovation and whatever else you are trying to accomplish within a company–innovation, execution, whatever it's going to be. And that then drives results," later on the page. (Merchant, 2010, paragraph 5). 3) How do the actions of Apple apply to the TCOs? I think Apple is an excellent company to study in relation to our TCOs. They're not just at the forefront of technological innovation, they ARE the forefront. A close look at their company can easily lend a clear view of innovation for their industry–they have multiple technologies that have changed the dynamics of many industries. They've altered consumer interaction with cell technology, media offerings and personal computing levels. They provide a clear picture of how to best protect their innovation (through secrecy) and through their company's pioneering offerings, I think they clearly demonstrate their core technological competencies are an ability to anticipate desires consumers don't even know they have and bring them into reality. Apple's continual ability to innovate on their own products, create new solutions to problems we never knew we had and persistent ability to reinvent ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 17. Essay on Apple Computer and Long-Term Success In the 1970s, technologies such as video cassette recorders and personal computers were revolutionizing the industry. Co–founders, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak, were drawn to this technology revolution and in 1976 started Apple Computers (Abdelsamad et al., 2008). The combination of their charisma and intellect enabled them to design the Apple I computer. Today, Apple is one of the leading technology companies in the world. However, internal factors such as Apple's unclear marketing plan, employee work life negligence, and financial–legal issues have negatively affected their performance and sullied their corporate reputation. Apple worked to correct the issues that were detracting from their performance and has had great success in ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The union was created to regulate and improve the working condition in this location. While outsourcing certain business functions to a country that has lower wages can allow the company to operate more efficiently and save money, it is imperative that the company treat these employees with dignity and adhere to labor regulations (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, & Wright, 2007). Finally, Apple's corporate reputation was tarnished due to the financial and legal incidents that the company encountered in 2006. Twenty–six years after Apple's initial public offering, the company narrowly escaped being delisted from the NASDAQ stock exchange for not adhering to the Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) reporting timelines. This potentially damaging delisting threat was the result of controversy surrounding the backdating of company stock options from 1997 to 2002 (Abdelsamad et al., 2008). Trust between the shareholder and the company faltered and Apple's share price fell almost $25.00 (Robertson, 2006). Additionally in 2006, Apple was forced to recall 1.8 million hazardous Sony laptop batteries being used in Apple products ("Apple recalls," 2006). These batteries were found to be dangerous after several Apple customers saw their batteries spontaneously burst into flames. Though Sony covered the cost of replacing the batteries, Apple customers ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 21. Apple 's Impact On Computer Design Apple Inc, wasn 't always the massive tech giant it is today, but it has innovated the way computers should be today. Apple is known as the company that innovates and releases new ideas. Over time Apple has developed into a technology super company, had many ups and downs, and released many different operating systems. Apple computer, as it was known back then, was founded in 1976 by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne. Jobs was still living with his parents at the time when the three decided to start working on computers in their garage together. After some time Wozniak had invented the Apple I, something he had invented after dabbling in computer–design. Jobs liked his invention and thought that it would be a good idea to try and sell it. They sold the Apple I at an early computer store called Byte Shop for $666.66, over 200 units sold. Apple computer 's real big hit came one year later with the reveal of the Apple 2, a much better version than its predecessor, it came in a plastic case and also had color graphics. The Apple II also later had an easy to use floppy disk (Apple Disk II) making it very popular. By the time 1980 rolled around Apple had garnered thousands of fans and employees. Jobs had begun developing the Lisa but was taken off the project by the president of Apple. Instead of giving up with his ideas all together he decided the best course of action would be to take over someone else 's project, which just happened to be Macintosh. Around this ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 25. Donna Dubinsky and Apple Computer, Inc. Donna Dubinsky and Apple Computer, Inc. As companies today strive for success in the market place, it is the efficiency of the top management in the company, which usually determines whether or not they are able to achieve their goals. Many of these goals and values incorporate concepts surrounding quality products and services, innovation, team spirit, and efficient management, just to name a few. However, many times a disconnect in one or more of these areas can cause communication barriers, leading to various organizational conflicts and problems. In the case of Donna Dubinsky and Apple Computer, Inc. a sudden unexpected change has contributed to such organizational conflict and a break down in many of the necessary communication ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Fourth, it is quite clear that Apple–II and Macintosh Divisions were having a power struggle over importance within the company. There was obvious tension between the Apple II Division, which felt its contributions to the firm was undervalued, and the Macintosh Division, whose general manager, Jobs, saw it as the technological vanguard within Apple. We see this conflict between the divisions as detrimental to the growth of the company. Lastly, it seems that Dubinsky was unable to handle the problem in the correct manner. She had numerous reasons to believe that her current approach for distribution was working fine and Jobs lacked a strong reason to completely change the approach. She believed that the company was necessarily acting as a financer for the dealers, most of whom were not very strong financially. If this process is changed, it could be catastrophic for the dealers. The problem with Dubinsky was the fact that she was not able to sell her ideas to the top management. She believed, very simplistically, that she was supposed to handle her own job, and no one else should meddle in her realm of responsibilities. That was not the correct approach. She needed to justify her actions to her superiors and should not have felt let down if asked to explain her position. She also seemed to be quite inflexible in her approach. She had dismissed Jobs approach without analyzing the possible merits. Action Plan It is very important for the company to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 29. Apple 's Personal Computer Product Line Essay Currently Apple makes products such as the Mac computer, iPhone, iPod, iPad, and Apple Watch. But when time back to January 9, 2001, Apple's product line is limited. Most of their products are personal computer and computer accessory. The most famous product at that time is Macintosh which is known as MAC now. The Macintosh was released on January 22, 1984 which is 32 years ago. Now the Apple's personal computer product line has largely expanded. Apple now makes product like Macbook, Mac–Air, Mac Pro, Mac Mini, iMac which satisfied their customer from all needs. When time went to the 21st century, Apple also has revolutionized the music listening and downloading industry when it launched the iPod, in 2001, and iTunes, in 2003[5]. We could not forget about the moment at Macworld Conference & Expo in January 2007 where Steve Jobs introduced the revolutionary iPhone, "a convergence of an Internet–enabled smartphone and iPod". [4] The first–generation iPhone was released on June 29, 2007 priced from $499 (4 GB) to $599 (8 GB) with an exclusive contract with one of the largest service provider – AT&T. After that momentous date, the iPhone product line became a huge success[6]. In 2010, Apple released the iPad, which lead to other companies creating similar products that would not match up to the iPad[7]. Since Apple has so many products, the iCloud was created so users could connect all their Apple devices and store their data. A strategic issue Apple needs to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 33. Analysis Of The Board Members Of Apple Computers Essay It is important to understand the background of the board members of Apple Computers to understand the impact they have on the company. Tim Cook, William V. Campbell Millard Drexler, Albert Gore Jr and Andrea Jung are all crucial board members that impact Apple Computers daily operations. Tim Cook is the most important executive and the CEO of Apple. Before being named CEO in August 2011 he was in charge of a large portion of the companies planning and daily operations, His direction and supervision anticipated an essential spike in deals for Apple 's Macintosh division and delivered a significant arrange in the revamping of key supplier affiliations, guaranteeing adaptability in light of a clearly interest for business center. Furthermore before joining Apple, Tim was VP of Corporate Materials for Compaq and was responsible for obtaining and taking care of the lion 's offer of Compaq 's thing stock. Prior to his work at Compaq, Tim was the boss working officer of the Reseller Division at Intelligent Electronics. He put in 12 years with IBM, most beginning late as official of North American Fulfillment where he headed storing up and course constrains for IBM 's Personal Computer Company in North and Latin America. Tim earned an M.b.a from Duke University, where he was a Fuqua Scholar, and a Bachelor of Science degree in Industrial Engineering from Auburn University. He developed his business savvy and ski from his previous experience with Compaq and IBM. His duties as CEO ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 37. Apple Computer, Inc. Essay Apple computer, Inc. is one of the largest tech companies in the world. The company was established on April 1, 1976, and incorporated on January 3, 1977. Apple computer had been using this name for the first 30 years then removed the word "computer" on January 9, 2007. Apple has produced a lot of innovative products and has successfully become one of the top leaders in the field of technology. Apple itself produces hardware which includes Macintosh computers, iPods, iPhones and iPads. In order to support their own hardware, Apple has also created software including Mac OS X operating system, iOS mobile operating system, iTunes, a professional photography package, a suite of professional audio and film–industry, final cut studio, logic ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... IPod Shuffle, the first famous "i" product, is a media player designed by Apple and was announced on October 23, 2001. Apple then later produced more different versions of iPod, such as iPod Nano, iPod Touch and iPod Classic along with the only compatible software iTunes. At the time that iPod was introduced to the market, iPod was designed to be fashionable and flexible in regards to listening to the music anytime and anywhere. A 5GB drive would hold the entire music collection of about 1000 songs (Aune, April 2010). The majority of the people who bought iPods wanted to use iPods as their media players because the innovative design and functions. People usually use iPods for tunes only, but ideally, iPods aren't just for tunes. A rural university in Australia has been trying to broadcast lectures by giving out iPods. Students were allowed to have distant learning instead of attending class. They would no longer need to worry about transportation since they did not need to physically go to school. They no longer needed to worry if they are short of money to pay tuition. Students could have their lectures anywhere and anytime they want, and the lectures could be listened to multiple times (Ragusa, Chan, Crampton, August 2009). The next device released in the iPod family would be the iPod Nano. The first generation of the iPod Nano was released at the end of 2005. The iPod Nano was designed as a digital ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 41. Analysis Of Apple Computers Newer Product Lines Essay Executive Summary This paper chronicles the critical analysis of the Apple computers newer product lines, its competitors and recent inventions. It also identifies Apple Computers most up–to–date product lines, and procedures that they carry out in the market that is suitable for learning on the enterprise information that makes logical decisions about the future the company. The paper also has establishes what the company has incorporated in its recent development in technology to come up with newer product lines. In this regard, the company has been able to gain a meaningful competitive advantage in this market through dominating the market. Therefore for their systems managers, they have been able to learn lessons for running the company effectively. In addition, through the use of the customer relationship business activities, the company has been able to win more customers who were previously aligned to their competitors. Through this, the company has been able to develop loyal customers who directly associate themselves with the enterprise 's products. 3 Running head: APPLE COMPUTER ANALYSIS Introduction The Apple Computer Company is possibly one of the most innovative technology companies to emerge in the last three decades. It was established in 1976 and went public in 1980, founded by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak and is one of the leading technological companies in the world (Gupta & Prinzinger, 2013). It is responsible for bringing to market such products as the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 45. Donna Dubinsky and Apple Computer Case Study Essay Donna Dubinsky and Apple Computer, Inc. Report of Findings and Recommendations Prepared By: Robin Armstrong Table of Contents Background and Scope 3 Current Scenario 4 Situation Analysis 6 Conclusions and Recommendations 8 Background and Scope This report has been prepared for Professor XXX. This report summarizes the complete review of Donna Dubinsky's career at Apple Computer as the Director of Distribution and Sales Administration and the proposed distribution system. In addition, Donna Dubinsky's response and handling of the proposed distribution system will be assessed. This review concludes that despite Donna Dubinsky's stellar education as a Yale graduate and a Harvard MBA she completely ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... "You wanted to agree so you found a ground to agree on...But you know what? I never really believed it." In April 1985, Donna Dubinsky attended the "Leadership Experience" seminar. Ms. Dubinsky thought that Ms. Coleman used this seminar to "lobby for her cause." Ms. Dubinsky began to see her own disillusionment as part of a larger problem where the executives were "confused, demoralized, and critical of the company." She ended the seminar with the realization that proposed distribution strategy was "so radical that it would shut the company down." So the next day she met with Bill Campbell who was Roy Weaver's manager and presented him with an ultimatum. Ms. Dubinsky wanted thirty (30) days to develop her own distribution strategy proposal or she would leave Apple.
  • 46. . Situation Analysis The following situations are analyzed. Donna Dubinsky versus Proposed Distribution System Since Donna Dubinsky and Roy Weaver did not address Mr. Jobs questions regarding the 1985 Distribution Business Plan, he assigned Debi Coleman to develop a new Distribution Strategy Proposal based on the "just–in–time" concept. Ms. Dubinsky was not proactive in presenting her issues and concerns regarding the "just–in–time" concept. It is assumed that she considered the idea not feasible and that it would not gain momentum; however, the exact opposite occurred. Unbeknownst to Donna Dubinsky, around the same time, Roy Weaver's ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 50. Apple Ayomipo Burch Williams Loelius Strategic Management Concepts & Cases 07/22/2011 * Describe the key strategic challenges facing Apple Computer. * One of Apple biggest key issue will be the rate that technology is growing and the ability to keep up with and also the prices at which there products are sold for; they are face with constant new arrivals at prices that are more affordable especially in today's economy where everybody is looking for ways to save money. They are also faced with having to maintain its marketing, relationship building and brand management techniques as they spread into a much wider market, gaining a much larger customer base that includes a lot of more diverse customer. Technology and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... More company is finding ways to provide the same level of technology but at a much more affordable price. It is a common practice in order to stay in competition that manufacturers cut their prices to adjust with what the average consumer is willing to pay, but Apple has remained constant in what they are willing to sell their products for, and they are losing out on a lot of potential consumers. The company also face a lot of competition when it comes to their music products because more and more company are now able to gain the same contract with recording companies to provide the same service at a cheaper rate. Other factors also include performance, availability and distribution. Describe how Apple 's strategy stands up against industry rivalry Apple stands up against its competitors by having a very strong marketing strategy and by constantly reminding their consumers why spending more money can give you more in a product. The company is known for their products to be unique by carefully evaluating and testing their products before releasing them for sale. They carefully evaluate the designs and steady looking for ways to be different from their competitors, they believe if they remain different it will increase their chances of brand ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 54. Apple Computer Case Apple Computer, Inc case study 14 Apple has created a unique and powerful reputation and product line that continues to be innovative and fresh to the consumer for the last 30 plus years. Apple has continued to be an industry leader for hardware and in the recent years faces the extremely fast– paced market of media and software products including the global marketplace. SWOT ANALYSIS Strengths: * Having alliances with other strong and popular businesses is a major plus point for Apple Computer, Inc. as it helps bring in new customers and make business more effective. * Being a market leader, as Apple Computer, Inc. is, is key to their success as it boosts reputation, profit and market share. * Riding high in the niche market in ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... could help them raise sales and increase their product portfolio. * Expanding into other markets could be a possibility for Apple Computer, Inc. * Forming strategic alliances and joint ventures is an opportunity for Apple Computer, Inc. to maximize profit and gain new business. Threats: * New products/services from rival firms could lead to Apple Computer, Inc.'s products/services being less in demand. * Changes in the way consumers shop and spend and other changing consumer patterns could be a threat to Apple Computer, Inc.'s performance. * Not keeping up with changes in technology could be detrimental to the future of Apple Computer, Inc. as they could slip behind their rivals. * Slow growth and decline of the Electronics market is a threat to Apple Computer, Inc. * Extra competition and new competitors entering the market could unsteady Apple Computer, Inc. and be a threat. * The actions of a competitor could be a major threat against Apple Computer, Inc., for instance, if they bring in new technology or increase their workforce to meet demand. * Apple Computer, Inc. could be threatened by the growing power customers have to set the price of their products/services. * Apple Computer, Inc. could be threatened by the growing power their suppliers have to set their prices. * Substitute products available on the market present a major threat to Apple Computer, Inc. ANALYSIS ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 58. The Difference Between Macintosh, Apple And Apple Inc.... Dell or Apple The important difference between Macintosh (Mac), Apple Inc. and Dell Inc. computers are that they are designed to run different operating systems. While there is a multitude of software available on both systems, some programs are only compatible with one system or the other. Beyond this, the hardware is different in terms of functionality, materials and visual aspects. These factors lead to price differences, with Mac being commonly more expensive than the Dell counterpart. Although a number of solutions have been offered that make for the best of both worlds, the Mac and PC debate has been continuous for many years, yet there is still a split between the two, with Apple and Dell computers standing on either side. Both types of technologies have their own exclusive benefits and drawbacks. The users specific needs and requirements will determine which one is ultimately selected. Operating Systems Mac comes with the current Apple operating system (Mac OS) preinstalled, while Dell comes with an edition of the latest version of Microsoft Windows. With the two companies making constant updates, operating systems are well known for constantly changing in terms of cost and the amount of RAM and hard drive space they require. As of 2011, the latest Apple and Windows offerings require the same amount of RAM. However, Apple's OS is less expensive and takes up less hard drive space. Another key difference is that Dell computers can run either a 32– or a 64– bit ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 62. Entrepreneurial Orientation In The Apple Computer Company Entrepreneurial orientation is a key concept when organizations are creating strategies to do something new and take advantage of opportunities that other organizations cannot exploit (Ketchen & Short, 2017). It can be defined as an organizational–level strategic management, which includes characteristic such as: autonomy, risk–taking, competitive aggressiveness, innovativeness and pro– activeness. When major brands Apple and Nike implement entrepreneurial orientation successfully, they're able to achieve high performance and quality products through innovative techniques that allows them to maintain market dominance. We'll go into further detail discussing how both these companies effectively executed entrepreneurial orientation to achieve such success; starting with some background information. Apple's history dates to 1974 when two men, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak had a vision that inexpensive home computers would soon be in demand. Two years later, Jobs and Wozniak built their first computer in Jobs' family garage, they named it Apple I. On April 1, 1976, the Apple Computer Company was established. Nike began as an enterprise in Oregon with its founder, sports enthusiast Phil Knight. In 1962, Nike started under the name Blue Ribbon Sports. During this time, the athletic shoe industry was dominated by the Adidas and Puma companies. Knight recognized there was segment of serious athletes that had specialized needs that were not being addressed by the major companies. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 66. Apple 's Rise From An Obscure Computer Company Table of Contents Executive Summary.................................................................Page 2 Introduction.............................................................................Pages 2–3 Economic Factors.....................................................................Pages 3–4 Labor and Wage Pressures.......................................................Pages 4–5 Currency Fluctuation Effects...................................................Pages 5–7 Economies of Scale....................................................................Pages 7–8 Technological Advancement Savings.......................................Pages 8–9 Tariff Hindrances.....................................................................Page 9 Open Economy vs. Growth.........................................................Page 10 Speculation, Hedging, and Arbitrage.......................................Page 11 Current Trade Policy.................................................................Page 12 Trade Policy Evaluation............................................................Page 13 Conclusion..................................................................................Page 14 References..................................................................................Pages 15–16 Executive Summary This research paper will seek to describe Apple's rise from an obscure computer company to the World leader in electronic devices. A brief introduction describes Apple from the start to its enviable present day status as one of the most valuable companies in the World. Apple's expansion from America to other Continents will be discussed in the introduction. Next, will be a thorough examination of specific economic factors affecting the company with a prediction, based upon current data, of likely occurrences in the future that will impact the organization with positive and negative ramifications. Additionally, an evaluation of current trade policies will be listed and evaluated as to how these policies currently affect Apple and a ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 70. Personal Computer Company At Apple Brief Chronology: 1976 With $1,300, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak found Apple Computer, Inc. 1980 Apple converts to public ownership. 1982 Apple becomes the first personal computer company to reach $1 billion in annual sales. 1985 John Scully assumes the helm after a management shakeup that causes the departure of Jobs and several other Apple executives. 1991 PowerBook line of notebook computers is released. 1994 Power Macintosh line is released. 1996 Acquisition of NeXT brings Steve Jobs back to Apple as a special advisor. 1997 Steve Jobs is named interim chief executive officer. 1998 The all–in–one iMac is released. 2000 Jobs, firmly in command as CEO, oversees a leaner, more tightly focused Apple. 2001 The iPod is ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Apple expects this trend to continue during 2008 and to reach sales of 10 million iPhones, stealing 1 percent of the mobile phone market share. (Chapman & Haskisson). One year following the untimely death of Steve Jobs, the company he co–founded and led for most of his adult life appears to be thriving and lacking any serious obstacles to its break–neck growth in a rapidly changing technology market. (Gallagher, 2012) That said, Apple Inc. still has plenty of challenges ahead. Some of those stem simply from the nature of the fast–paced, hyper–competitive consumer technology business the company currently competes in – and largely dominates. (Gallagher, 2012) Other challenges may be more unique to Apple and its singular focus on a relatively narrow line of products. And long–term, the company may still feel the loss of a leader who possessed an uncanny ability to see around corners, and bend other strong personalities to his will. (Gallagher, 2012) "The guy who could literally pull rabbits out of his hat no longer exists," said independent technology analyst Roger Kay. (Gallagher, 2012) Apple's had a phenomenally strong year since Jobs' death from cancer last October, which left the company permanently in the hands of the senior management team he spent years cultivating, led by CEO Tim Cook. It's also had some stumbles along the way. (Gallagher, 2012) Some missteps with features such as ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 74. Summary Of The Continuous Case Of Apple Corps Vs. Apple... After reading the case, I came to the conclusion that sitting on the jury to make a decision of the continuous case of Apple Corps vs Apple Computers would be a difficult task. This entire case is subject to how one views Apple Corps and Apple Computers. The first court case started in 1978 when Apple Corps, the holding company of Apple Records, filed a lawsuit against Apple Computer for trademark infringement. This dispute was settled 3 years later in 1981 for a sum, that some estimated to be $250million however it turned out that the amount was only for $80,000. The agreement the two companies settled upon was that Apple Computer would never enter into the music business and in return Apple Corps would never enter into the computer business. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 78. Apple Computer vs Microsoft Introduction: It seems that the competition that has been brewing between Apple Inc. (NASDAQ: AAPL) and Microsoft Corp. (NASDAQ: MSFT) has never really died down from the late 1970s, even as both companies have had ups and downs in the stock market and in the consumer products market as well. Apple Inc. v. Microsoft Corp., was a copyright infringement lawsuit in which Apple Computer sought to prevent Microsoft and Hewlett–Packard from using visual graphical user interface (GUI) elements that were similar to those in Apple's Lisa and Macintosh operating systems. Some critics claimed that Apple was really attempting to gain all intellectual property rights over the desktop metaphor for computer interfaces, and perhaps all GUIs, on personal ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The district court had to grapple with graphical user interfaces in the first instance – and for the first time, with a claim of copying a computer program's artistic look as an audio–visual work instead of program codes registered as a literary work. In this case there is also the unusual, added complexity of a license that arguably covers some or most of the allegedly infringing works. The district court therefore had to cut new paths as it went along; we have the luxury of looking at the case at the end of the trip. From this vantage point, it is clear that treatment of ,Apple's GUIs, whose visual displays are licensed to a great degree and which are a tool for the user to access various functions of a computer in an aesthetically and economically pleasing way, follows naturally from a long line of copyright decisions which recognizes that works cannot be substantially similar where analytic dissection demonstrates that similarities in expression are either authorized, or arise from the use of ,common ideas or their logical extensions. Therefore they hold: (1) Because there was an agreement by which Apple licensed the right to make certain derivative works, the district court properly started with the license to determine what Microsoft was permitted to copy. Infringement cannot be founded on a licensed similarity. We read Microsoft's license as the, district court did, to cover visual displays – not the Windows 1.0 ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 82. The History of Chemistry: Apple Computers Essay Before the age of Apple Technologies, Pcs and androids were the most popular items on the market, and that soon changed once Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak introduced their new toy to the public. Their "toy" will change the world forever weather they knew it or not. Apple Computer first came to be a company in 1976. Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak worked extremely hard on their new inventions. These two intelligent men dropped out of college, and were often judged upon doing so. Apple officially started in the basement or garage, rather than at an expensive business location. When these two men decided to start on their invention they were laughed at and mocked. But they surprised the public when they turned out to become some of the riches ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In 2012 of Christmas last year Apple came out with the new iPhone 5, this new phone was far different than any other technology that Apple has ever made. This iPhone has great features such as a new body style which is easier to hold with one hand, and it also has a new camera. This new IPhone made a huge difference to the phones of the Apple family, especially compared to the IPhone 4 which came out the previous year. Not long after the iPhone 5 was created the iPhone 5c which was created in a totally different way. The iPhone 5c has a brand new body style with a plastic cover and a new curvy outline. It also has a better camera and new apps that come included on the phone. One of the most interesting improvements was the fingerprint scanner. It allows you to press your finger tip on the home button instead of having a pass code or a word to unlock the phone. It is a new and safer way to keep your phone safe. Over the years Apple has come up with the smart concept that the more new inventions they come up with the more sales, commission and money they make. During their timely experimenting of the invention of the iPhone 5 they had to invent a new cord to only fit the iPhone 5 and iPhone 5c. In my opinion this was a small concept to lead apple buyers to spend more money on a totally different cord. Even though it's a small innovation it can bring in a major profit for the Apple ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 86. Apple Computer, Inc. Apple Computer, Inc., is an American multinational corporation. The company originally founded on April 1, 1976, is located in Cupertino, California. Apple is renowned for their designs, having developed their own computer software and personal computers that have revolutionized the world of electronics. Apple was the first company to introduce the 8–bit fully functional home computer called, Apple II, in 1977. The Apple II eventually became the first successful commercially produced microcomputers. The framework behind the Apple II is what set the precedent for other computer manufacturers, and ultimately led to further advancements in the world of technology. Apple Inc., is most known for products such as, the Mac computers, the iPod music player, the iPhone, the iPad, and the newest addition to the lineup for Apple, the iWatch. Apple offers their own software products, such as the iOS, as well as, their mobile operating system, OS X. This is the Apple operating system, and application software. By revenue, among global technology companies Apple has the highest revenue ($233 billion), profit ($53 billion), assets ($239 billion) and market cap ($586 billion) for the past year (Forbes 2016). These results make Apple not only the biggest technology company in the world, but also recognizes them as the 8th largest company in the world. Marking a return to the global top ten, and fourth largest in the U.S. on the 2016 Forbes Global 2000. Forbes list also named Apple the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 90. Apple Computer Interventions In the world, there have been inventions that have completely changed how we see the world. Without some of these inventions, things that we do everyday might not occur. For example, the Apple Computer is one of these inventions. It has many different websites and apps for many different reasons. The Apple computer has gone through many updates and changes to make it more resourceful. This computer changed the technological life in the personal and public eye. The Apple computer provides services or websites for self security, it provides websites and apps for entertainment, and shows jobs and tasks for unemployed and employed people in a need for a way to make money. The Apple computer and its inventors, Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs, made this product partly to have ways to keep your personal information secure. They made passwords to protect personal information. Without passwords, impersonators and frauds can tap into your information and it can cause identity theft, and other crimes. If you have passwords, and anti–virus protection, you will protect your saved information from people like that. They also created a History and Favorites section, to keep past websites documented. Without this feature, you could lose important websites and other apps that you have to come back to later. These websites can be anything from games to schedules for work or school, or for your kids, or other people. Security on the computer will also protect these websites and your everyday aspects of life on you computer. Apple computers provide ways of entertainment, to keep people interested in the computer and any other products they want to sell. Instead of paying for a tv or a tablet separately, you could get an all–in–one version of both of them for a cheaper price. For example, a tv would cost $499, and a tablet $199. Instead of buying both and using them separately, you could buy a computer, which is both of them in one, for $399. On computers, there are videos and movies, both free and for a price, that are available to watch for entertainment, whether it be informational, or for fun. There are also game websites, and apps to purchase and navigate to, also free or for a price. Instead of going to a game store and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 94. Apple Marketing Portfolio: Mac Computers Essay Apple Marketing Portfolio: Mac Computers Apple is a multibillion–dollar company that we thought would be very useful to analyze since they have had so much success with their products and marketing techniques, specifically the Mac computers. We saw the opportunity to learn a lot from their different marketing approaches and strategies with their computers against the competitors. Steven Jobs and Stephen Wosniak created Apple in 1976. The two young entrepreneurs probably would have never thought their company would be so successful. They first came out with a microcomputer, which was used mostly by hobbyists and had little success. It wasn't until 1977 when Jobs and Wosniak introduced to the world the Apple 2 that they tasted any form ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Constantly hard at work to develop new ways to simplify their computers the two men introduced the first I–Mac in 1998, a computer that would change the tech world forever. Since the I–Mac, Apple has been constantly revamping, recreating, adding bells and whistles and simplifying their computers in the best ways they can find. They not only became successful with their I–Mac but Apple decided in 2001 to come out with other Apple products such as the I–pod, different computer software, I–tunes, and most recently the company has come out with the ever so popular I–phone, a phone that combines the features of numerous electronic devices. The ever–expanding business has grown and has been recognized worldwide as the leader in computer design. Making the Apple even more appealing to more consumers it has recently partnered up with Intel, allowing for PC users to switch over to Macs with ease. Apple seems to have their marketing strategies and techniques down to a science. They seem to manage uncontrollable marketing pressures in areas such as social, economic, technological, competitive and legal challenges with success. Social Environment: Apple has researched the uncontrollable social environment so effectively that they perhaps border on controlling it. There ability to adapt to changes in social pop–culture, and appeal to the current times and trends have earned them the sales they most definitely deserve. One cannot not deny the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 98. Apple Computers Case Study Project Background Information Apple computers was established on April 1, 1976 by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne and incorporated on January 3, 1997. The first Apple Computer was put together by Steve Wozniak and sold for $500.00. The computer, called Apple I, went on sale in July of 1976 and consisted of a circuit board, keyboards and screens. While Wozniak built the computers himself, both he and Jobs and sold them to a computer store, the Byte Shop, in Mountain View California. Most people recall Apple Computers as being founded by "the two Steves", Jobs and Wozniak. However, Wayne was present in the garage at the founding of Apple. Wayne, then 41, worked with Jobs at Atari during the day. It was there, Jobs (21) and Wayne became ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Apple's plan was to control its product in every way, (i.e. marketing, design, production, distribution) in an attempt to have the best product on the market. It seems Apple was extremely successful in implementing its plan. In the industry, Apple has become excellent at marketing its brand and its products. Apple purchased NeXT late in 1996 bringing Jobs back to the company he helped co–found. Under Jobs, Apple sales increased significantly on the back of "appealing designs" and powerful branding. Brand appeal is the attraction you have to a brand and it makes your customers feel like they are purchasing "hours and hours" of perfection. Jobs' was admired for the brand appeal he brought to Apple products. After Jobs' return, he got personally involved in Apple products. He had to know how many screws were in a laptop case because he felt the level of perfection in its products would have a direct result with Apple's success. Apple's hardware was proprietary, meaning if you wanted to run Apple software you had to own an Apple computer. When asked about the value of Apple by AllThings Digital, Jobs responded by saying he found it all pretty incredible but "for him the most important thing was always that customers got great products." Jobs was concerned with the functionality of the products over the quarterly results Apple delivered. Another example of the planning and time that goes into the marketing of Apple products are how ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 102. Strategic Planning That Transformed Apple Computer to... Apple is considered to this day one of the most important and well–known corporations of the world (Rumelt, 2011). Since the early beginnings the company has been known for its particular focus on a specific user market as well as its customer friendly campaigns and touch for an upper medium consumer. Currently, Apple stands as one of the most successful corporations on the market. This place however is the result of a specific line of thinking and a strategic planning that transformed Apple Computer to Apple Inc. and placing the company in front of its competitors. Apple Computer changed its strategy over time. "Conventional wisdom holds that firms should choose a single, clear strategy such as going for uniqueness, focusing on intense efficiency, or selecting a market niche. It also holds that if they attempt to implement more than one strategy simultaneously they will run into organizational contradictions, stakeholder confusion and ultimately fail." (Heracleous, 2013) The strategy proposed by Apple Computer, as Apple, Inc. was known until 2007 was a rather consistent one in the sense that from the beginning Apple aimed at developing a niche product based on technology. More precisely, "The secret of Apple's excellence is not in living on the unworkable bleeding edge, but in doing exceptionally well that which can be done well with present technology." (Rumelt, 2011) The main idea behind Apple revolves around the needs of the consumer as opposed to the limits of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 106. Apple Vs. Microsoft Computers Apple vs Microsoft computers Which brand is better, Apple's Mac computers or Microsoft's window computers? Both are huge technology motivators in our era. The two companies are constantly battling each other with their products. While most common users buy a computer that 's mainstream or popular don't seem to realize which computer is really best for them. Here we will talk about which computer is best for one by hardware, operating system, and software. Although some people think Apple's computer hardware is the flagship of computers , people underestimate the price and power of Microsoft's Windows computers. Now hardware of a Computer is and consists of Random access memory (ram),Central processing unit (CPU), Graphics card (GPU), and data storage. Hardware defines how fast your computer is , now let 's find out which is more convenient for a user. So here we have a Mac Pro for three thousand dollars. It has 12 Gigabytes of RAM, a Quad Core CPU at the speed of 3.5Ghz (gigahertz), 2 AMD D300 graphic cards , along with 256 Gigabyte Solid state Hard Drive (storage). On the other hand we have a Windows ABS berserker computer for eight hundred dollars. It has 16 gigabytes of RAM , an eight core processor at the speed of 3.5ghz, a r9 380x graphics card , and 2 terabytes (2,000 Gigabytes) of a regular hard disk memory, with an addition of a 256 gigabyte solid state Hard Drive for eighty dollars. Now if we look at a benchmark chart of the two , we see the Windows machine is ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 110. Apple Computer Case Analysis APPLE COMPUTER CASE ANALYSIS After the return of Steve Jobs at Apple Computer many changes happened which finally brought the company back to profitability. However Apple holds a market share of only 3.48 percent among its six strongest competitors. The fact is that today the PC market is a mature market and only the strong survive. In Exhibit 1 is shown how the PC market has been shared among the most valuable players and how Apple 's share has decreased by more than half during five years time. Under the current situation the only way for a company to increase its market share is to take customers away from the competition. So the question is what Apple has to do in order to gain more market share. First of all let ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... 5. Return on Total Assets is improving by 2002 but is still lower than the competition, which means that the total investment on Apple has not yet attributed what is expected. Though we have to focus on how can Apple increase its market share, in other words how they can persuade the customers to switch from Windows to MAC OS. Since as stated in the case study if Apple took 1% of Windows users to switch, Apple 's market share would increase by 20–35%. What are the reasons preventing people from switching from Windows to Mac? The main reason is the compatibility between these operating systems. Apple has isolated itself from the market, as they focus on developing both hardware and software, which are compatible only with one another . That explains also in a great value the low profitability ratios referred above. Apple spends too much on research and development and also on manufacturing because their products are not compatible with the competition. So Apple has to take a strategic step forward and develop an operational system which will be fully compatible with Windows. A Mac OS in which users will be able to run any Microsoft program. In that way Apple customers will maintain their Image and Style but also will not be limited from using any software on the market. In such a case there may be an ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 114. The Impact of Apple Computers The year 1968 marks the revolution of computers as Engelbart demonstrated to the public a new type of computer that featured graphical user interface (GUI) (page 105–106). After the demonstration, Engelbart and Xerox PARC designed and created the first commercialized computer with GUI (Xerox Alto) and other advanced features that included word processing, an operation system, programs that are easy to use, and etcetera (p. 119). The Xerox Alto had the potential to create a sensation in the 1970s, but the hefty price on the finalized product was too much for its time (page 120). After a short period of time, the product became a failure due to poor marketing with its astonishing high price. Nevertheless, Xerox PARC left a legacy that helped created a device that made Apple famous in the 1980s. Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak (Woz) are the two geniuses of their time. They created the Apple Company in the 1970s, and when these two combined their knowledge of computing, they invented the world first low–cost computer in 1977, the Apple II. Not only these computers are affordable, they were user friendly, and they had a useful program called VisiCalc (the world first spreadsheet that is useful for business people). These computers sold millions (page 138–139). After the success with Apple II, the two Steves work together with Xerox PARC. With the collaboration Apple and Xerox, they invented the Macintosh. Unlike its precedent, the Apple II, the Macintosh it had a revolutionary GUI ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 118. Industry Analysis: Apple Computers Essay Industry Análisis: Apple Computer 1. Analyzing the computer industry from 1995 to 2005 seemed to be like analyzing a game of chest between the major competitors. The development is noticeable and the shaping of different corporate strategies could be sensed easily thanks to the different approaches toward the movement of the industry that the companies had; some of them shaped it, some followed it and some helped it grow. In order for us to analyze the computer industry during the up said time period, we will consider porter's five forces analysis, though static, it helps improve one's understanding of the setting and the conditions of such. Porte's five forces constituted the analysis of the new entrants to the industry as the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Supplier's power, on the other hand, may be more of a barrier, for as Yoffie and Wang state: "microprocessors were the hardware brains of a PC", there for having a sole producer evidently create a great supplier power. Even thought through out the 1995 to 2005 time period there were more producers of this piece, Intel remained the market leader and Apple had a hard time competing but was not highly dependent on Intel microprocessors given that apple produced its computers from scratch. As far as the second most important piece of the computer, the operating system, Microsoft dominated the market especially after during 1995 to 2005 after the release of Windows 95 and its following versions. Ones again, Apple did not have a high dependency of Windows processing system, but had a hard time competing with it. Considering, supplier's power for manufacturers and most companies, except for Apple, is extremely. As far as buyer's power, the PC buyers are segmented by Yoffie and Wang into four categories: 1) business, 2) Government, 3) Education and 4) Home. The business buyers represented around 60% of the PC industry, even so, we may not consider the business buyer as a very powerful one since (comparing to other consumers) it is the least cost sensitive, this not saying that the business buyer is not concern with price, but it is more concern with a combination of service an price and not just price. Apple's business ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 122. Apple Computers Case Study College dropouts Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak founded Apple Computers April 1, 1975; they were able to provide an infusion of youth, entrepreneurism and a revolutionary way of thinking to the stale world that was technology and computers. Apple grew exponentially during the 1980s and well into the 1990s. Steven Jobs introduced the world to the iMac Desktop home computer, iPod, iPad, Apple TV, Apple Watch, and most notably, the iPhone (Richardson, 2008). With the introduction of the iPhone in 2007, Apple Inc. reached meteoric heights in both the business and technological worlds alike. Winning fans globally, the iPhone launched the company into multi–billion dollar profits and made early investors multi–millionaires many times over. Although Steve Jobs died in 2011, his legacy still lives on through numerous Apple Inc. projects and initiatives; Apple is widely known to be one of the most valuable corporations globally. Apple Inc. has done a phenomenal job of branching out to the furthest reaches of the world, placing immense power and technology in the hands of billions of people globally. The three most critical challenges facing Apple in China specifically is the threat of new market entrants as well as the threat of competition from existing players within the market. Technology giants like Samsung, Motorola and LG all have cutting–edge, technologically advanced smart phones that are cheaper than any iPhone models. The launches of the newest versions of iPhones ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 126. Comparing Apple Macintosh Computers to Microsoft Windows PCs Today's world is filled with technology that is constantly changing and evolving. For most children born in the twenty–first century, it is hard to imagine living in a world that does not run on computers or any other type of electronic device. From governments, to businesses, to schools, to the casual at–home user: computers are used by the majority of people living in developed countries on a day–to–day basis. One of the largest debates in technology is the famous ever–lasting battle between Apple Macintosh computers and Microsoft Windows PCs (personal computers). Most common consumers who aren't sure of what kind of computer they should invest in (Mac or PC) often raise one general question: Which is truly better? While both companies have dedicated fans that would do anything to protect their favorite computer from ridicule, each company has a set of pros and cons that could help an individual make up his or her mind on what computer is right for them. Both brands can be compared to one another by breaking them down into three technological categories: build quality, hardware, and software. One of the main topics that PC users will use to argue against Macs is that they are overpriced and underpowered. In other words, users could buy an apple computer for two–thousand dollars, but also buy a PC at equal quality valued at around seven–hundred to a thousand dollars. What these users do not take into consideration is the superior build quality of an apple computer ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 130. Apple 's Successful Computer And Technology Companies Essay As Apple begin to grow to this huge company, Steve encounter many issues that resulted him in getting fired. Apple began to lose its value and it was not long before Steve Jobs returned to the company hiring a whole new management team. After this new transition, Apple introduced the iMac which furthered the success of the company exponentially. The release of these products developed new innovation and opened doors to other industries using technology. The innovation involved in these products has launched Apple into one of the most successful computer and technology companies. The timing of the introduction of new products has also been critical. Jobs seems to have a flow for determining when products should be introduced to the market. The launch of the iPod and iTunes came out during the time when much of the rest of the technology industry was experiencing a lack of sales. The first and major area of improvement was the creation of Apple 's impressive advertisement of products, iAd, an outlet for ads that will completely revolutionize the marketing world. iAd delivers interaction and emotional repulse by delivering web ads through the use of video in ads while consumers are using applications. The marketing strategy used by Apple includes introducing a product to the shareholders and convincing them as to way the product is a good investment. The goal is to abolish all doubts and fear of failure. Also to show off the features that no one has ever seen, prove the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 134. Apple And The Computer Industry Introduction The company started off as "Apple Computer," best known for its Macintosh personal computers (PCs) in the 1980's and 1990's. Despite a strong brand, rapid growth, and high profits in the late 1980s, Apple almost went bankrupt in 1996 (Kim & Yoffie, 2010, p.1). This can be explained that Apple has become larger and more significant than other competitors put together in 1980. Because Apple failed to innovate in 1996, the company almost went bankruptcy but eventually Steve Jobs took Apple from bad situation to the company that can make billions of dollars through promoted itself as a hip alternative to other computer brands. Apple highlighted its computers as the world's "greenest lineup of notebooks" that were energy efficient and used recyclable materials. The goal was to differentiate the Macintosh amid intense competition in the PC industry (Kim & Yoffie, p.4). Nowadays, Apple has positioned itself to be an innovator in the personal computer industry and Apple has developed by offering modern products compared to its competitors. According to Apple's mission statement last year, "Apple designs Macs, the best personal computers in the world, along with OS X, iLife, iWork and professional software. Apple leads the digital music revolution with its iPods and iTunes online store. Apple has reinvented the mobile phone with its revolutionary iPhone and App store, and is defining the future of mobile media and computing devices with iPad." (Business Management, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 138. Case Analysis 1: Apple Computer Essay TAMPERE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Institute of Industrial Management TETA–5036 Management of Innovation Case Analysis 1: Apple Computer return date: Sturday 10th Novemeber Students: 206192, Carlos Gomez, carlos.gomezbarbero@tut.fi 206171, Ceyda Elbasioglu, ceyda.elbasioglu@tut.fi 197327, Fabio Parisi, fabio.parisi@tut.fi 206261, Gina Monjaraz, georgina.mojarazgomez@tut.fi 206622, Merve Eralp, merve.eralp@tut.fi Table of Contents: INTRODUCTION 1 Definition of the problem 2 Historical strategy 2 New Challenges 3 Objectives & criteria for new strategies 3 Options & Ideas for new and improved strategies 4 Alternative 1 4 Alternative 2 4 Alternative 3 5 ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... It's quite clear that the actual strategy of Steve Jobs and Apple goes toward a biggest share of the computer markets, although it's never sure in which way they plan to improve/achieve such a goal. Another key issue in up–to–today Apple strategy is it's entrance on mobile markets, due to the big importance the telecommunications and their integration with all the other existing electronic devices (VOIP, UMTS, mobile broadband internet etc) has in shaping a so–called digital era/revolution. The first steps in the mobile phone market let us understand once more what the key points in Apple strategy are. Innovation and Exclusivity go together, a higher–than–the–average price place the new device as a cult and trend object, something everybody want to have, a real status symbol. In few words Apple probably believes that a key concept in Innovation is the creation of a need. Along with the innovation in design, Apple is a pioneer and a leader as well in Environmental issues, another innovative approach that is granting more and more importance among customers of any product and people in general, due to very sensitive issue like Global Warming and home safety. New Challenges
  • 139. The question is whether Apple strategy will continue proving efficiently innovative. Historically Apple suffered of some kind of a crisis every decade. Another key issue is the strong focus on the development of the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 143. Strategic Business Management for Apple Computers STRATEGIC BUSINESS MANAGEMENT APPLE COMPUTERS 2002 1. Why did apple perform well prior to 1991? Apple was successful virtually from the date of the company's first launch in 1976 (Fisk, 2008). Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak sold their initial 200 units without difficulty and that made it possible for them to secure the necessary venture capital to expand their fledgling company into one that quickly grew into being one of the premier computer manufacturers at a time when there was comparatively little competition. They sold their first 100,000 Apple Units and reached the $1 billion annual sales milestone in record time. Even the subsequent challenge posed by the IBM line of Windows–based computers in 1985 stimulated Apple to increase its research and development budget which quickly allowed Apple to dominate the desktop publishing, educational products, and peripherals markets amounting to approximately half of the entire computer market and global recognition as the most successful computer manufacturer in the world. As a result, Apple also reached the $1 billion cash reserve milestone as well (Fisk, 2008). 2. What lead to the deterioration in Apple's performance from 1992 to 1997? By the early 1990s, Apple already enjoyed the benefits of a tremendous reputation and brand identity among its many customers and was greatly outpacing Windows–based computer manufacturers such as IBM (Fisk, 2008). Based on the strength of sales and brand loyalty, Apple focused largely on ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 147. A Critical Analysis Of Apple Computers Apple computers Name Date Executive Summary This report had conducted a critical analysis of the Apple computers newer product lines, its competitors and recent events. This report has identified that monitoring a c company most modern product lines, its competitors and events that they carry out in the market is suitable for learning on the enterprise information and as such makes logical decisions about the future of a venture. In light of the Apple computers company, this report has established that of late, the company has incorporated the recent development in technology to come up with newer product lines. In this regard, the company has been able to gain a meaningful competitive advantage in this market through ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This was the first computer that was personalized using a plastic case and impressive color designs. In light to this, the product was very impressive among the computer users, and the number of orders multiplied several times upon its introduction into the market. Since then, Apple computers have been producing newer products every year which are inexpensive as compared to their benefits and usability. As the company produces new products lines, the number of sales is as well tripling leading to a dominance of Apple computers through competitive advantage. In this regard, Apple Company has hired numerous employees and more specifically more experienced mid–level managers and new investors. In this light, this research report is devoted to outline all the process that the enterprise managers have taken to ensure that the Apple Company becomes a real company to the dismay of many of their first employees. This will be achieved by taking into consideration of the company future products lines, new competitors, and events. In addition, this report will analyze the benefits the company has accrued through the use of customers relationship management to dominate the computer market. Apple Newer Products Currently, Apple Company is leading in the world through distinct innovations in the iPhone, iPad the Mac and the Apple Watch innovations. These are some of the recent products that has been introduced by the Apple Company and as such resulted in the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 151. Apple Inc Designs and Markets Customer Electronics,... CHAPTER – I INTRODUCTION 1.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY Consumer Perception is how information is collected and categorize. Perception is affected by the amount of contact to a incentive and by individual interpretation. If the same consumer encountered that information often and from many sources, then the consumer 's attitude toward dairy products might change enough to influence how often the consumer chose yogurt as a breakfast food. The next step is exploring what these consumers will buy. The importance of customer satisfaction diminishes when a firm has increased bargaining power. IMPORTANCE OF CONSUMER PERCEPTION The success of a business depends upon its ability to attract and retain customers that are ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The iPad runs on iOS, the same operating system used on Apple 's iPod Touch and iPhone, and can run its own applications as well as iPhone applications. 4. iPod iPod is a line of portable media players created by and marketed by Apple Inc. The product line–up consists of the hard drive–based iPod classic, the touchscreen iPod touch, the compact iPod nano and the ultra–compact iPod shuffle. iPod classic models store media on an internal hard drive, while all other models use flash memory to enable their smaller size (the discontinued mini used a Microdrive miniature hard drive). As with many other digital music players, iPods can serve as external data storage devices. iPhone The iPhone is a line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The iPhone runs Apple 's iOS mobile operating system, originally named iPhone OS. The first iPhone was released in 2007;[1] the most recent iPhone, the 6th–generation iPhone 5, was released on September 21, 2012.[2] The user interface is built around the device 's multi–touch screen, including a virtual keyboard rather than a physical one. The iPhone has Wi–Fi and cellular connectivity (2G, 3G and 4G (iPhone 5 only)). 6. Apple Tv Apple TV is a digital media receiver developed and sold by Apple Inc. It is a small form factor network appliance designed to play digital content from the iTunes Store, Netflix, Hulu Plus, YouTube, Flickr, iCloud, MLB.tv, NBA ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 155. Strategic Analysis of Apple Computers BUSINESS APPLE COMPUTERS STRATEGIC ANALYSIS 2005 Strengths and Opportunities In 2005, Apple Computers experienced significant sales increases attributable to the earlier rollout of the iPod (Robbins & Judge, 2009). The positive publicity and brand perception associated with that project also spilled over to its entire line of Macintosh computers, further bolstering sales revenue and corporate profits that year. The sales volume of virtually all Apple products increased after the introduction of the iPod, hitting $320 million in June of 2005 (Robbins & Judge, 2009). In general, every successful Apple product has benefited brand recognition and perception and invigorated the sales of other product lines, even those not directly related to it. By the end of 2005, Apple had sold approximately 22 million iPod units and more than half a billion individual song downloads through its music store, iTunes (George & Jones, 2008). Weaknesses Generally, there is also a potential downside to the cross–promotional effect of products: namely, to the extent consumers draw conclusions about all company products from its failures. In 2005, Apple suffered from this principle twice, after many iPods were released with batteries that performed poorly and iPod Nanos were released with screens that malfunctioned ((Akin, Dunford, & Palmer, 2006). In addition to replacing the defective units, the company also provided various free accessories, such as battery cases. Apple was also pressed by ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...