SlideShare a Scribd company logo
!"#$"%&'()%"*(+#,(-.)/$-.%&"(
!0%,/)#$/(1&2"$34"%.&(#&,("*/(5/)(6/,%#(7.89.2%"%.&(7.3$2/(
                                                                                 !"##$%&'()*+"&(,"-./01(,"2+&%1%3$"#(,40&#5%46(*4$.$&37(
                                                                   8%69/."4#(0&:(*4$.$&3(;<<=>((?4$:0@A(BCD=C<=A(='E<(F(D<'GH(IJA(K8(L0M$#(

:.3$(-$.9.2%"%.&2(
   Slideware usually creates poor slide-audience relationships.
   If we ignore (or defy!) the templates provided with applications like PowerPoint, these applications can create
      excellent, interesting, helpful slide-audience relationships that support what presenters are doing.
   If we understand slideware in ways suggested by standard wisdom in other visual storytelling formats (like film and
      comics), then we can begin to see slideware applications as viable new media tools.
   Slideware may deserve to play a key role in your new media course.

:.3$(-$/2/&"#"%.&(6#;/&2(
  Nancy Duarte (CEO of Duarte Design, with Al Gore and Steve Jobs among her clients).
   • Slide:ology. O’Reilly, 2008.
   • Duarte Design. <http://www.duarte.com/>.
   • “Webinar: Creating Powerful Presentations with Nancy Duarte.” VizThink. 18 June 2008.
       <http://tinyurl.com/ldnql2>.
  Seth Godin (Speaker, Writer, Marketing Expert; former VP of Direct Marketing for Yahoo!).
   • “Really Bad PowerPoint (And How to Avoid It).” <http://www.sethgodin.com/freeprize/reallybad-1.pdf>.
       Do You Zoom, 2001.
   • Seth Godin’s Blog. <http://sethgodin.typepad.com/>.
  Garr Reynolds (Associate Professor of Marketing at Kansai Gaidai University)
   • Presentation Zen. New Riders, 2008.
   • Garr Reynolds: Official Site. < http://www.garrreynolds.com/>. (See “Presentation Tips.”)
   • Presentation Zen. Blog. < http://www.presentationzen.com/>. (See entries on “good PowerPoint design,” “The
       Lessig Method,” “The Godin Method,” “The Kawasaki Method,” “The Takahashi Method,” “ignite” presentations,
       and “pecha kucha” presentations.)
   • “Authors@Google: Garr Reynolds.” 21 Mar. 2008. <http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=DZ2vtQCESpk>.
   • Reynolds’s user page at Slideshare: <http://www.slideshare.net/garr>.
  Edward Tufte (Writer, Designer, Professor Emeritus at Yale)
   • The Cognitive Style of PowerPoint: Pitching Out Corrupts Within. 2nd ed. Graphics Press, 2006.
   • The Work of Edward Tufte and Graphics Press. < http://www.edwardtufte.com/tufte/>.
  See Also:
   • Robert Gaskins. One of the co-creators of PowerPoint. <http://www.robertgaskins.com/>.
   • John Sweller on the brain and bullet points. E.g., <http://tinyurl.com/2br363>.
   • Don McMillan’s “Life After Death by PowerPoint.” Four minute stand-up comedy bit aimed at bad PowerPoint
       habits. <http://tinyurl.com/2jp52o>.
   • Peter Norvig’s “Gettysberg PowerPoint.” Google Director of Research shows how PowerPoint could have ruined
       Lincoln’s speech. <http://norvig.com/Gettysburg/>.
   • Daniel Radosh’s “PowerPoint Anthology of Literature.” Reduces well known literature to a few (bad) PowerPoint
       slides. <!http://www.radosh.net/writing/ppaol.html>.

7.8%42(<*/.$=>!4.""(6470.3,((
  Scott McCloud is the first name to know in comics theory.
   • Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art. Harper, 1994.
   • Official Site: <http://ScottMcCloud.com>.
   • “Scott McCloud on Comics.” TED: Ideas Worth Spreading. Feb. 2005. <http://www.ted.com/talks/
       scott_mccloud_on_comics.html>.
  See Also: For interesting collections of comics, see McSweeney’s Issue 13 and the Best American Comics series. Chris
  Ware’s Jimmy Corrigan, a graphic novel, is a stunning (though very sad) introduction to comics storytelling.

:%08(<*/.$=(
  Any typical classroom text for undergrad film studies will provide a good walkthrough of major cinematic concepts,
  usually with plenty of current examples. Bordwell and Thompson’s Film Art is a standard. Richard Barsam’s Looking
  at Movies comes with very, very helpful CD extras explaining key film concepts. For free, the Yale Film Analysis site
  (http://classes.yale.edu/film-analysis/) offers a brief but useful overview.
+%'(7.&4/9"2(?$.8("*/(-$/2/&"#"%.&(
 Relationship + Concept + Sequence
 Roland Barthes: Anchorage and Relay
 Film: The Kuleshov Effect
 Comics: Sequential Art, Closure, Transitions




@/#2.&2(!0%,/)#$/(6%'*"(+/0.&'(%&(A.3$(5/)(6/,%#(B$%"%&'(7.3$2/(
  1. It’s easy to learn and use, and many students already know something about how to use it.
  2. If savvy arranging and re-arranging of sequences of images is the key element of visual poetics and
     storytelling (as film studies and comics theory suggest), then the slide sorter is a convenient place to
     practice crucial sequencing skills.
  3. MS PowerPoint is so often misused, and so many students are so aware that slideshows tend to be poor
     communication, that many of them will be relieved to know that it’s possible to do an effective visually-
     backed presentation. (They might even realize they’re learning something practical.)
  4. If we ban the standard templates, then slide design is a good way for students to demonstrate their
     grasp of basic graphic design principles.
  5. Some still-image and slide sequencing assignments with potential:
          a. Ask students to shoot and then present a series of images that mean one thing arranged one way
             and another thing arranged another way. This could be an abstract exercise (as in Imagist
             poetry), or it could be a less poetic exercise where the same set of images tells two different
             stories.
          b. Ask students to take a slideshow they’ve created in another situation and improve it using the
             guidelines suggested by writers like Reynolds, Duarte, and Godin.
          c. Ask students to use image sequencing tricks-of-the-trade from comics and film (McCloud’s six
             transitions, the Kuleshov effect, other elements of film art) to explain a concept or a series of
             concepts. (You could add an interesting dimension to the assignment by asking students to use
             a method like “pecha kucha” or “ignite.” Garr Reynolds looks at both formats on his blog, and a
             Google search will yield plenty of information about them.)
          d. Ask students to create a podcast to go with their slide presentations and then to post (and sync)
             the presentations and audio online using Slideshare.net.
          e. Require that students be able to write analytically about the kinds of transitions and image
             arrangements they’re using, taking advantage of language from Barthes, film studies, and/or
             McCloud.

             Fred Johnson • Whitworth University • fjohnson@whitworth.edu • http://abjohnson.net
                   Presentation Links Online: http://abjohnson.net/presentations/badppt.html
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Starting With Bad Power Point: Handout

  • 1. !"#$"%&'()%"*(+#,(-.)/$-.%&"( !0%,/)#$/(1&2"$34"%.&(#&,("*/(5/)(6/,%#(7.89.2%"%.&(7.3$2/( !"##$%&'()*+"&(,"-./01(,"2+&%1%3$"#(,40&#5%46(*4$.$&37( 8%69/."4#(0&:(*4$.$&3(;<<=>((?4$:0@A(BCD=C<=A(='E<(F(D<'GH(IJA(K8(L0M$#( :.3$(-$.9.2%"%.&2( Slideware usually creates poor slide-audience relationships. If we ignore (or defy!) the templates provided with applications like PowerPoint, these applications can create excellent, interesting, helpful slide-audience relationships that support what presenters are doing. If we understand slideware in ways suggested by standard wisdom in other visual storytelling formats (like film and comics), then we can begin to see slideware applications as viable new media tools. Slideware may deserve to play a key role in your new media course. :.3$(-$/2/&"#"%.&(6#;/&2( Nancy Duarte (CEO of Duarte Design, with Al Gore and Steve Jobs among her clients). • Slide:ology. O’Reilly, 2008. • Duarte Design. <http://www.duarte.com/>. • “Webinar: Creating Powerful Presentations with Nancy Duarte.” VizThink. 18 June 2008. <http://tinyurl.com/ldnql2>. Seth Godin (Speaker, Writer, Marketing Expert; former VP of Direct Marketing for Yahoo!). • “Really Bad PowerPoint (And How to Avoid It).” <http://www.sethgodin.com/freeprize/reallybad-1.pdf>. Do You Zoom, 2001. • Seth Godin’s Blog. <http://sethgodin.typepad.com/>. Garr Reynolds (Associate Professor of Marketing at Kansai Gaidai University) • Presentation Zen. New Riders, 2008. • Garr Reynolds: Official Site. < http://www.garrreynolds.com/>. (See “Presentation Tips.”) • Presentation Zen. Blog. < http://www.presentationzen.com/>. (See entries on “good PowerPoint design,” “The Lessig Method,” “The Godin Method,” “The Kawasaki Method,” “The Takahashi Method,” “ignite” presentations, and “pecha kucha” presentations.) • “Authors@Google: Garr Reynolds.” 21 Mar. 2008. <http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=DZ2vtQCESpk>. • Reynolds’s user page at Slideshare: <http://www.slideshare.net/garr>. Edward Tufte (Writer, Designer, Professor Emeritus at Yale) • The Cognitive Style of PowerPoint: Pitching Out Corrupts Within. 2nd ed. Graphics Press, 2006. • The Work of Edward Tufte and Graphics Press. < http://www.edwardtufte.com/tufte/>. See Also: • Robert Gaskins. One of the co-creators of PowerPoint. <http://www.robertgaskins.com/>. • John Sweller on the brain and bullet points. E.g., <http://tinyurl.com/2br363>. • Don McMillan’s “Life After Death by PowerPoint.” Four minute stand-up comedy bit aimed at bad PowerPoint habits. <http://tinyurl.com/2jp52o>. • Peter Norvig’s “Gettysberg PowerPoint.” Google Director of Research shows how PowerPoint could have ruined Lincoln’s speech. <http://norvig.com/Gettysburg/>. • Daniel Radosh’s “PowerPoint Anthology of Literature.” Reduces well known literature to a few (bad) PowerPoint slides. <!http://www.radosh.net/writing/ppaol.html>. 7.8%42(<*/.$=>!4.""(6470.3,(( Scott McCloud is the first name to know in comics theory. • Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art. Harper, 1994. • Official Site: <http://ScottMcCloud.com>. • “Scott McCloud on Comics.” TED: Ideas Worth Spreading. Feb. 2005. <http://www.ted.com/talks/ scott_mccloud_on_comics.html>. See Also: For interesting collections of comics, see McSweeney’s Issue 13 and the Best American Comics series. Chris Ware’s Jimmy Corrigan, a graphic novel, is a stunning (though very sad) introduction to comics storytelling. :%08(<*/.$=( Any typical classroom text for undergrad film studies will provide a good walkthrough of major cinematic concepts, usually with plenty of current examples. Bordwell and Thompson’s Film Art is a standard. Richard Barsam’s Looking at Movies comes with very, very helpful CD extras explaining key film concepts. For free, the Yale Film Analysis site (http://classes.yale.edu/film-analysis/) offers a brief but useful overview.
  • 2. +%'(7.&4/9"2(?$.8("*/(-$/2/&"#"%.&( Relationship + Concept + Sequence Roland Barthes: Anchorage and Relay Film: The Kuleshov Effect Comics: Sequential Art, Closure, Transitions @/#2.&2(!0%,/)#$/(6%'*"(+/0.&'(%&(A.3$(5/)(6/,%#(B$%"%&'(7.3$2/( 1. It’s easy to learn and use, and many students already know something about how to use it. 2. If savvy arranging and re-arranging of sequences of images is the key element of visual poetics and storytelling (as film studies and comics theory suggest), then the slide sorter is a convenient place to practice crucial sequencing skills. 3. MS PowerPoint is so often misused, and so many students are so aware that slideshows tend to be poor communication, that many of them will be relieved to know that it’s possible to do an effective visually- backed presentation. (They might even realize they’re learning something practical.) 4. If we ban the standard templates, then slide design is a good way for students to demonstrate their grasp of basic graphic design principles. 5. Some still-image and slide sequencing assignments with potential: a. Ask students to shoot and then present a series of images that mean one thing arranged one way and another thing arranged another way. This could be an abstract exercise (as in Imagist poetry), or it could be a less poetic exercise where the same set of images tells two different stories. b. Ask students to take a slideshow they’ve created in another situation and improve it using the guidelines suggested by writers like Reynolds, Duarte, and Godin. c. Ask students to use image sequencing tricks-of-the-trade from comics and film (McCloud’s six transitions, the Kuleshov effect, other elements of film art) to explain a concept or a series of concepts. (You could add an interesting dimension to the assignment by asking students to use a method like “pecha kucha” or “ignite.” Garr Reynolds looks at both formats on his blog, and a Google search will yield plenty of information about them.) d. Ask students to create a podcast to go with their slide presentations and then to post (and sync) the presentations and audio online using Slideshare.net. e. Require that students be able to write analytically about the kinds of transitions and image arrangements they’re using, taking advantage of language from Barthes, film studies, and/or McCloud. Fred Johnson • Whitworth University • fjohnson@whitworth.edu • http://abjohnson.net Presentation Links Online: http://abjohnson.net/presentations/badppt.html