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Stages of First Language Acquisition
What are the stages of first language
acquisition?
Language is a very
important part of life.
Communication between
people not only enables us
to understand one-another,
but aids in developing
relationships, suggestions
and plans. I'm sure you can
all agree that language is a
crucial part of everyday life.
But how did we learn to
speak?
 The process by which humans acquire
the capacity to perceive, produce and use
words to understand and communicate.
 This capacity involves the picking up of
diverse capacities including syntax,
phonetics, and an extensive vocabulary.
 Connected with Noam Chomsky. Children
are born with an innate capacity for
learning human language.
 Children learn by imitating and repeating
what they hear.
 A child first becomes aware of a concept,
such as relative size, and only afterward
do they acquire the words and patterns
to convey that concept.
Pre-speech:
• Infants learn to pay attention to
speech, intonation and the rhythm of
speech long before they begin to speak.
 Cooing Stage
 0-1 month (sleep, eat, cry)
 1-4 months
Intonational patterns
0-1 month (sleep, eat, cry)
 1-4 months
Intonational patterns
Babbling stage:
 Begins at several months of age.
 Many native speech sounds may be absent. Very
few consonant clusters and repeated syllables are
common.
5-12 months
 Sounds – enviorement
Internal behaviour – not a response
6-9 months
 different – select – sounds - enviorement
There are three main stages of grammatical development.
Holophrastic Stage (12-18 months) -The Holophrastic stage
consists of children learning and producing single word
utterances that function as phrases or sentences.
For example:
'Gone' could mean 'it's all gone'
'Teddy' could mean 'that's my teddy'
'More' could mean 'I want more'
Sometimes children's productions are longer and are considered
as being one unit or a whole phrase (this is called a
Holophrase).
For example:
All gone' and 'Go sleep'
Intonation plays a key role during this
stage. Children learn the ability to
distinguish between interrogative,
declarative and imperative phrases, and
despite their limited grammatical
structuring, are able to aid their
communication more effectively.
For example:
'Dada?' said with a rising intonation, would
imply a question
'Dada' said with a falling intonation, would
imply declarative statement
'Dada!' said in exclamation, would imply
imperative statement
Two-word Stage (18-24 months) –
The Two-word stage comprises a child using
(quite obviously, as stated in the title) two
words to form a sentence.
'Baby chair', 'Mummy eat' and 'Cat bad' are all
examples of utterances at this stage and as it
may be obvious, require interpretation. Context
of an utterance can aid the ambiguity behind
such statements.
For example:
'Baby chair' could mean...
Possession: 'this is baby's chair'
Request/command: 'put baby in chair'
Statement: 'baby is in the chair'
Telegraphic Stage (2-3 years) –
The Telegraphic stage, is when children have
acquired and start to use multiple-word utterances.
At this stage, some of the children's utterances are
grammatically correct...
'Amy likes tea' - (Subject + Verb + Object)
'teddy looks tired' - (Subject + Verb + Adjective)
'Mummy sleeps upstairs' - (Subject + Verb +
Adverbial)
Whilst others have grammatical elements missing...
'This shoe all wet' - (the stative verb carrying
meaning is missing: is)
Stage  of first lang.acq.
Stage  of first lang.acq.
Stage  of first lang.acq.

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Stage of first lang.acq.

  • 1. Stages of First Language Acquisition What are the stages of first language acquisition?
  • 2. Language is a very important part of life. Communication between people not only enables us to understand one-another, but aids in developing relationships, suggestions and plans. I'm sure you can all agree that language is a crucial part of everyday life. But how did we learn to speak?
  • 3.  The process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive, produce and use words to understand and communicate.  This capacity involves the picking up of diverse capacities including syntax, phonetics, and an extensive vocabulary.  Connected with Noam Chomsky. Children are born with an innate capacity for learning human language.  Children learn by imitating and repeating what they hear.  A child first becomes aware of a concept, such as relative size, and only afterward do they acquire the words and patterns to convey that concept.
  • 4. Pre-speech: • Infants learn to pay attention to speech, intonation and the rhythm of speech long before they begin to speak.  Cooing Stage  0-1 month (sleep, eat, cry)  1-4 months Intonational patterns 0-1 month (sleep, eat, cry)  1-4 months Intonational patterns
  • 5. Babbling stage:  Begins at several months of age.  Many native speech sounds may be absent. Very few consonant clusters and repeated syllables are common. 5-12 months  Sounds – enviorement Internal behaviour – not a response 6-9 months  different – select – sounds - enviorement
  • 6. There are three main stages of grammatical development. Holophrastic Stage (12-18 months) -The Holophrastic stage consists of children learning and producing single word utterances that function as phrases or sentences. For example: 'Gone' could mean 'it's all gone' 'Teddy' could mean 'that's my teddy' 'More' could mean 'I want more' Sometimes children's productions are longer and are considered as being one unit or a whole phrase (this is called a Holophrase). For example: All gone' and 'Go sleep'
  • 7. Intonation plays a key role during this stage. Children learn the ability to distinguish between interrogative, declarative and imperative phrases, and despite their limited grammatical structuring, are able to aid their communication more effectively. For example: 'Dada?' said with a rising intonation, would imply a question 'Dada' said with a falling intonation, would imply declarative statement 'Dada!' said in exclamation, would imply imperative statement
  • 8. Two-word Stage (18-24 months) – The Two-word stage comprises a child using (quite obviously, as stated in the title) two words to form a sentence. 'Baby chair', 'Mummy eat' and 'Cat bad' are all examples of utterances at this stage and as it may be obvious, require interpretation. Context of an utterance can aid the ambiguity behind such statements. For example: 'Baby chair' could mean... Possession: 'this is baby's chair' Request/command: 'put baby in chair' Statement: 'baby is in the chair'
  • 9. Telegraphic Stage (2-3 years) – The Telegraphic stage, is when children have acquired and start to use multiple-word utterances. At this stage, some of the children's utterances are grammatically correct... 'Amy likes tea' - (Subject + Verb + Object) 'teddy looks tired' - (Subject + Verb + Adjective) 'Mummy sleeps upstairs' - (Subject + Verb + Adverbial) Whilst others have grammatical elements missing... 'This shoe all wet' - (the stative verb carrying meaning is missing: is)