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Warwick Business School Alumni Association magazine: spring 10
3
 message from the acting dean                                                                                                                                     3


                                 It is a great privilege to now be in post as          advocates and leaders) and in developing our strategic international
                                 Acting Dean of WBS, as we say farewell to             partnerships. This will not only sustain WBS, but also advance our
                                 Howard Thomas and undertake a rigorous                standing in Europe and consequently make us a more serious global
                                 recruitment process for a permanent Dean.             contender.
                                 To ensure WBS drives ahead its vision and
                                 mission to be firmly positioned with the              3 Research excellence
                                 top European business schools by 2015, we             We need to prepare as never before for the next Research Excellence
                                 cannot afford to rest on our laurels. As such,        Framework (REF). Although the criteria and metrics for assessing
   Professor Nigel Thrift, Vice-Chancellor, has asked me to remain in post             research excellence have yet to be clarified, there is little doubt that
   for a year if required. I shall also ensure there is a smooth handover to           exercise will focus on the quality of publications, number of research
   the new Dean so that he or she does not start the job on day one with               grants, number of PhDs and completion rates as well as that slightly
   the disadvantage of no or little contextual understanding of the School.            elusive 'impact' factor (yet to be properly defined). It is certain that
   I have offered to spend a few weeks helping and advising the new                    our competitor schools will be similarly gearing up and preparing
   appointment as necessary.                                                           for the REF which is currently scheduled to take place in 2012/2013.
                                                                                       I look forward to working with our Associate Dean for Research,
   Over the year ahead I have identified three main challenges but also,               and you all to ensure that we have the strongest possible return of
   of course, opportunities that we need to deliver on as we drive ahead               excellent research activities.
   to 2015:
                                                                                       If we can advance in these areas, we are sure to overtake our
   1 Global relevance and accessibility                                                competitors and to bring advanced relevance and value, not only to
   We need to demonstrate more fully our influence upon the world of                   our existing community of alumni, friends, donors and associates,
   practice and policy. We also need to communicate effectively how                    but to a growing one. Working closely with Deputy Deans Professor
   our research is listened to and acted upon, across industries. It is                Bob Johnston and Professor Simon Collinson, with the scrutiny
   our responsibility in an uncertain world to be working alongside and                and guidance of our advisory boards and alumni volunteers, not to
   advising governments, executives, board members and managers to                     mention our corporate and institutional partners, and with
   help solve global issues. These global challenges include (inter alia)              Ben Plummer-Powell and our development and alumni relations
   organisational resilience to extreme events; the use of knowledge and               team, we can succeed despite the challenges. As my late friend, Peter
   creativity in innovation; service transformation; leadership, governance            Doyle often reflected, 'success builds success'. This is, therefore, not
   and the economic and social impact of an ageing population; and, of                 a time to put the brakes on, but to accelerate and to build upon our
   course, sustainable energy – a most fitting focus for this edition of               legacy. With your help, I know we will achieve our goals.
   nexus.
                                                                                       Thank you to you all for your support over the years and I hope to
   2 Partnerships and investment                                                       continue to meet and work with as many of you as possible in 2010.
   Undoubtedly there will be further cuts from the UK government to
   higher education. By demonstrating relevance and value through our
   research and teaching, we need to command greater corporate and
   individual financial support to ensure we can continue to invest in
   our faculty appointments, in the most talented students (our future                 Professor David Wilson


contents                                                                          12                      26                            17
In this edition of nexus we focus on global energy

  4/5      Development and alumni relations office/Alumni board
  6–9      WBS news
10/11      The challenge of energy:
           David Elmes, Professor Richard Higgott, Dr Gill Owen
   12      Competitive markets and the home of the future:
           Ian Peters
   13      Making the UK a world leader in CCS technology:
           Nick Horler
   14      A 'more electric' automotive landscape: Henri Winand
                                                                                         7                                              13
   15      Working in wind: Lars Landberg
   16      What next with the oil and gas sector? Paul Nicholson
   17      The low carbon society: Professor Andrew Sentance
   18      WBS development programme
   19      personal and career development
   20      Warwick Global Conference: India report
21-24      Overseas and UK networks – news and event reviews
   25      Hot off the press
26/27      Alumni news and appointments
44 nexus: spring 2010

  the development and alumni relations office and alumni board

                                       If we were asked to reflect on         2009 has been a challenging but
                                       2009, most of us would probably        highly successful year for your
                                       recall the same thoughts: a year       Alumni Board and we are sure that
                                       of financial turmoil, of failing       2010 will present even greater
                                       banks and immense challenges for       challenges, as we seek to establish
                                       businesses – a period of instability   an ever increasing presence in
                                       and uncertainty for most of us.        many regions and professional
                                                                              sectors across the world.
                                       As an alumnus of WBS, we hope
                                       and believe you have been better       Our Board priorities for 2010 will
                                       equipped to face these hurdles         focus on four main areas:
                                       head on and to make the best
                                       of them. Throughout such tough         H Communication: including
                                       times, our alumni have shone             further developments to our
                                       through, achieving promotions,           new alumni web site to enable
                                       establishing successful start-ups        peer-to-peer interaction and
                                       and receiving business accolades         greater access to research and
                                       and awards. You can find details         information
                                       of these achievements in the           H Enhancing the alumni offering:
                                       following pages.                         moving towards a framework of
                                                                                additional tailored services
Times of crisis offer us a tremendous opportunity. As an individual, or       H International development: a key area of our activity as we seek to
as an organisation, they encourage us to reflect on our core values, to         support the development of new networks and activities across a wider
re-focus and re-prioritise, to connect and re-connect with those important      range of countries
to us and to prepare robustly for the time ahead. They also demonstrate       H Student engagement: working with alumni to develop relationships
our need to put the foot on the gas, not to ease off – as Acting Dean David     with each and every current student cohort to enhance graduation
Wilson has demonstrated.                                                        activities.

Your School and your Alumni Association could never be more relevant          There were changes within your Board during 2009, not least of which
– as you seek to broaden your professional networks, extend your              was Gill Thewlis’ decision to step down as Chair. I would like to express my
knowledge and support your career path, we are driving ahead the              thanks to Gill and other Board members who, individually, have all made
services we offer to you. We have had an unprecedented increase in our        significant contributions during their time on the Board.
global events, international groups, professional groups and mentors, and
we were overwhelmed by the number of applicants we received to join           The induction of our new Board members is underway and following
our Alumni Board.                                                             our Board Retreat in January, we are developing action plans for the
                                                                              forthcoming year, building on our understanding of what you need and
In 2010 we shall continue to work with you to ensure that we deliver          want from your Alumni Association. We trust you will continue to connect,
a relevant and world-class service, driven and supported by our key           learn and develop with us in 2010.
alumni advocates. Ongoing access to knowledge and research and an
unparalleled professional network will form the basis of this service.        Nick Jessett (EMBA 1985–89)
                                                                              Chair of the WBS Alumni Board
Finally, my thanks to all of our alumni and friends who are working so hard
to deliver even more value to our Association and to our School. Even in a    thank you to previous board members
challenging economic environment we have more donors and donations
than ever before. Together we are making a tremendous difference – we                                                                    From top left:
look forward to working with you further in 2010.
                                                                                                                                         Gill Thewlis
Alison Bond                                                                                                                              Ananda Roy
Deputy Director, Development and Alumni Relations                                                                                        Mark Whitley
                                                                                                                                         David Sykes
                                                                                                                                         Jemima Bird
 some key dates for 2010                                                                                                                 Karamjit Singh
 Saturday 19 June : Academic Update seminar                                                                                              Janet White
                                                                                                                                         Kate Spencer
 Friday 12 November: Entrepreneurship event
                                                                                                                                         Paul Edwards
 Saturday 13 November: Warwick Global Conference : Warwick
                                                                                                                                         Simon Peatfield
 W www.wbs.ac.uk/alumni/events.cfm                                                                                                       John McGee
                                                                                                                                         Usman Adam
55

your new alumni board members

           Cristiano Coppola                                   Tanya Sammut Bonnici
           (FTMBA 2007–08)                                     (PhD 1999–2004)
           European Client Relationship Manager,               Lecturer, University of Malta
           Unipart Logistics
                                                               Through the Alumni Board, I wish to contribute
           I have joined the WBS alumni board primarily to     to the development of a portfolio of services that
           raise the profile and image of the School among     add value to the professions of alumni across
           the alumni and the general public.                  the globe, and which increase the significance of
                                                               being part of the WBS Alumni Association.


           Julia Evans                                         Matt Stocker
           (MMBA 1995–2000)                                    (BSc Management Sciences 2001–04)
           Chief Executive, National Federation of Builders    Director, Matt Stocker Ltd

           The Board demonstrates the WBS commitment           Having benefited greatly from my own
           to engaging with and listening to its alumni in a   involvement with the WBS Alumni Association,
           very meaningful and constructive way. It makes      I am excited by this opportunity to be part of
           sense for any business to listen to is customers    developing the Association and extending these
           and this is one of the ways WBS does this.          benefits to other alumni.
           I want to be part of this 'big' conversation!
           Andrew Fletcher                                     Alison Watts
           (FTMBA 1990–91)                                     (MMBA 2001–08)
                                                               Owner & Managing Director, Icendris Ltd
           I have benefited greatly from the work of the
           Alumni Association and want to ‘give something      As MD of a management training company, I am
           back’. A senior, experienced leader, I offer        passionate about people development. I hope
           commercial and client relationship skills and a     to support the Board's engagement strategy by
           strong international interest.                      further developing the Continuous Professional
                                                               Development offering.


           Richard Owen                                        Hilary Robertson
           (DLMBA 1986–91)                                     (DLMBA 1989–97)
           Director, Holland House Associates Ltd              BPO Strategy Director, Steria

           I get a lot out of my WBS alumni activity and       I aim to bring experience of working with
           hope to use my skills and experience to help        teams from the emerging economies with their
           increase the benefit of engaging with WBS to        appetite for continuous development to help us
           alumni generally.                                   harness all the talent in our alumni network.



           Navdeep Athwal                                      Ronan Morrissey
           Current student, MSc Marketing & Strategy           Current student, Warwick MBA by full-time
           Class of 2009                                       study, class of 2009

           As an Alumni Board member I will act as an          I wish to advise current students what can be
           ambassador for WBS and thereby contribute to        gained from developing a relationship with the
           its continued success across the world. I will be   Alumni Board and also to bring students’ ideas
           looking at new ways of reconnecting the alumni      to the Board’s attention.
           and students.

           Jon Lees
                                                               For more information about the key role of the WBS Alumni Board
                                                               w www.wbs.ac.uk/alumni/theboards.cfm
           As both the new Executive Director of the
           Warwick MBA and as an alumnus of the                                            Link with us on LinkedIn
           programme (EMBA 2002–06), I am delighted
           to have joined the Alumni Board. I hope this                                    Join us on Facebook
           will enable me to maintain and improve the
                                                                                           Follow us on Twitter
           relationship between the MBA and its alumni
           community.                                          Links to all the groups can be found at w www.wbs.ac.uk/alumni
6 nexus: spring 2010                                                                                                  WBS news

awards and achievements
for staff...                                                                  WBS faculty influence public sector policy-
One of the most sought-after and                                              makers and executives
coveted international awards for
academic faculty working in the field                                         Professors John Benington and Jean Hartley of the Governance & Public
of management is the annual Best                                              Management Group co-authored a paper, commissioned by the National
Article Award given by the academic                                           School of Government and the Public Service Leaders Alliance, setting
journal, Academy of Management                                                out the parameters to promote and cultivate leadership capability across
Review. The US-based journal is one                                           the public service. This paper achieved strong media coverage, both in
of the top two academic journals in                                           national and international print and online news media, and across the
all of management, by citations and                                           range of public sector media outlets.
on most other measures. Michael
Mol, Associate Professor of Strategic                                         Minister for Local Government, Dr Brian Gibbons, announced the
Management, was announced                                                     membership of the Welsh Anglesey Recovery Board, including Dr Zoë
the 2008 winner for the article                                               Radnor, Associate Professor (Reader), Operations Management.
Management Innovation, jointly-
authored with Julian Birkinshaw                                               A new Ipsos MORI report highlighted the major contribution made by the
and Gary Hamel of London Business                  Michael Mol                WBS Postgraduate Diploma in Local Government Management (PDLGM)
School. Previous winners include                                              to the intellectual and professional development of graduate trainee
renowned academics from schools such as Harvard, Wharton and                  managers in the local government sector.
Columbia. The article brings to the forefront the need for organisations to
be innovative in their management practices, as much as they are in their
products and business processes.

                                      Much to her surprise and delight,
                                      and with some embarrassment, both
                                      awards at the 18th annual IPSERA
                                      (International Purchasing and Supply
                                      Education and Research Association)
                                      conference were won by Helen
                                      Walker, Associate Professor at WBS                        Undergraduate student prize winners
                                      in the Operations Management                         surrounded by UBS presenters and WBS faculty
                                      Group.

           Helen Walker              Congratulations to Juergen Branke
                                                                              Our Dean Professor Howard Thomas attended his farewell lunch, held at
                                     of the Operational Research &
                                                                              WBS, on Monday 21 December. He received a camera and camera holder,
Management Sciences Group and Qing Wang of the Marketing & Strategic
                                                                              and to reflect his love of the sport of rugby and his Welsh nationality,
Management Group, both have been through the University's promotion
                                                                              a Welsh rugby shirt and Welsh rugby football signed by many WBS
panels and are promoted to full Professor. Zoë Radnor of the Operations
                                                                              colleagues.
Management Group was promoted to Associate Professor (Reader) earlier
this year.
                                                                              Howard officially left at the end of January, to take up the role of
                                                                              Distinguished Professor of Strategic Management and Dean of the Lee
In addition, Scott Dacko, Amanda Goodall, Loizos Heracleous, Keith Grint,
                                                                              Kong Chian School of Business at Singapore Management University. He
Bob Johnston, Michael Mol – again!, Howard Thomas, Qing Wang, and
                                                                              has been made a WBS Emeritus Professor.
David Wilson have all received recent and varied acknowledgements or
prizes for their research and publications.


for WBS …
                                     Warwick Business School has been
                                     fully reaccredited by the Association
                                     of MBAs (AMBA). The AMBA report
                                     confirmed that all our efforts to
                                     develop and improve our offering
and services have been successful and AMBA’s recommendations were
positive.

In the rankings, we have again risen in the annual WhichMBA Guide, now
branded as The Economist's ranking. WBS is now 22nd in the world, a rise
of 9 places in 3 years.                                                                  Professor Howard Thomas (centre) with colleagues
                                                                                         David Wilson and John McGee at his farewell lunch
WBS news                               nexus: spring 2010                                                                                   7


programme news
WBS with Cardiff and Manchester Business Schools – all top tier              Undertaking their Practice of Management module, five MBA students at
university-based business schools – signed up to work collaboratively        WBS worked with the international peace building organisation CORD to
on the Undergraduate Partnership Programme (UPP), developed by               help develop their social networking programme. CORD, based close to
The Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW).         campus in the nearby town of Leamington Spa, has worked in the post-
The UPP is designed to offer undergraduate students of accounting            conflict field for 42 years in 26 major conflict zones. 'Communications and
and finance the opportunity to gain work experience in a professional        the world of new media are vital components of CORD's operation, and
accountancy firm or similar business environment as part of their degree.    offer huge potential to engage with more people in the work of building
Dr Raymond Madden, Executive Director of Learning & Professional             peace,' commented CORD’s Chief Executive Brian Wakley.
Development at ICAEW, commented, ‘As we have seen so starkly, nobody
is immune from the current economic climate and this initiative will help
provide students with invaluable support to help them gain employment
or further their education.’

An alternative way of studying for the MSc in Management – by blended
learning – was launched in August with a start date of April 2010. This
Masters course by full-time study took its first intake in 2006. WBS is
an established leader in the provision of distance and blended learning
programmes and is recognised as an innovator in online learning. The
blended learning format will be taught by intelligent use of current
technology, including the highly popular and successful wbsLive. wbsLive
is a virtual classroom environment which offers audio, video, application
sharing and content display to anyone with a computer and an internet
connection. Using this system students will interact with the lecturer via
text or voice in real time, carry out group work in online breakout rooms
and present findings and make presentations live to other colleagues
online. It will therefore build upon the tried and tested techniques of
                                                                                   MBA students help CORD on Practice of Management module
blended learning, enabling candidates to continue studying while already
in employment or looking for work, during a career break, or even on
vacation.

Deloitte, the business advisory firm, is pioneering a new initiative
                                                                             from global conference to local
with WBS to bring a real life systems integration consulting project to      entrepreneurship pilot
postgraduate students. MSc students on our Information Systems and
Management course begin their academic year with a module designed                                                The Warwick Global Conference
jointly by Deloitte consultants and Warwick academics.                                                            series aims to provide an
                                                                                                                  opportunity for global business
The first cohort of the Warwick Diploma in Service Leadership, taught                                             and political leaders, policy makers,
by WBS faculty in Singapore at the prestigious Singapore Institute of                                             and academics to examine some
Management, has recently graduated with a record 100 per cent success                                             of the most critical issues affecting
rate. The third cohort of over 30 participants commenced study in July.                                           business, economic and social
                                                                                                                  growth. New Delhi was chosen to
                                                                                                                  launch the Warwick Conference
                                                                                                                  Series on Saturday 14 November
                                                                             2009 and thanks to the sponsors, speakers and all attendees, the event
                                                                             was a great success. The WBS Development & Alumni Relations Office
                                                                             (DARO) and alumni took the opportunity to host several networking
                                                                             events in India before the conference. See the full report on P20.

                                                                             Business Link West Midlands announced a high profile ‘Business
                                                                             Transformation’ pilot in collaboration with WBS to support sustainable
                                                                             high growth and business transformation of small and medium-sized
            Warwick Diploma in Service Leadership graduates                  enterprises (SMEs) with high growth potential across the West Midlands.
                                                                             ‘This is an exciting initiative which will undoubtedly help hard-working
Donations by Warwick Business School's ‘Friends of WBS’ have led to          and potentially successful entrepreneurs. The resulting growth of the
two awards being offered for MBA applicants in 2010 who suffer with          participating firms will be of benefit to the West Midlands as a whole, and
long-term disabilities. One totalling £2,500 is for Distance Learning MBA    provide relevant, targeted and practical support to businesses which need
applicants, and the other – a £10,200 scholarship for a Full-time MBA        this kind of assistance in the current challenging times,’ said Professor
participant with a long-term disability or with a dependent child or         Roger Mumby-Croft of the Enterprise Hub at WBS.
partner with a long-term disability.

 There is more news we do not have room to report in full – honours for our Honorary Professors, the annual Warwick Finance conference in London,
 Cornell-Warwick doctoral conference, MBA sailing reports, wbsLive goes live, to name but a few. See all our news at w www.wbs.ac.uk/news
8 nexus: spring 2010                                                                                               research review

                           A study by Dr Julia                                                                                        The Local Government
                           Kotlarsky, ISM, acts                                                                                       Centre celebrated
                           on evidence that                                                                                           its 21st anniversary
                           Europe's CFOs and                                                                                          in autumn 2009,
                           CIOs need help                                                                                             having contributed
                           to communicate                                                                                             significantly to the
                           the full return on                                                                                         School's profile and
                           investment from                                                                                            ongoing research
       Julia Kotlarsky                                      Gill Owen              Xavier Lemaire               Howard Davis
                           outsourced business                                                                                        effort. The Centre has
arrangements. Results of research by Cognizant      Dr Gill Owen and Dr Xavier Lemaire, CMuR,            recently been awarded a new research contract
in conjunction with WBS, carried out among          undertake research on sustainable energy             from the Department for Environment, Food
CIOs and CFOs across the UK, Germany,               policy in developed and developing countries.        and Rural Affairs (Defra) for work on Costs and
Switzerland, Benelux, France and the Nordics,       Over the past three years they have been             efficiency savings to local authorities from new
highlight how business leaders are not getting      producing reviews of policy and regulation as        roles and responsibilities arising from the Flood
to grips with measuring the full financial impact   it affects sustainable energy in a number of         and Water Management Bill. This will be led
of the outsourcing contracts they commission.       regions of the world, with a particular focus on     by Howard Davis, Acting Director, and Katrina
‘A combination of proven methodology,               developing countries. Regions covered include:       Ritters.
industry expertise, and tight integration of        Latin America; Eastern, Central and Southern
business strategy into outsourcing objectives to    Africa; Central and Eastern Europe. Their most       Commissioned by the Institute of Customer
effectively measure, improve and communicate        recent review covered India – both at federal        Service, an LGC research report entitled It’s
outsourcing's true impact is required to ensure     level and a state by state analysis. They are        a culture thing – The challenge of change –
outsourcing delivers on its promises,’ confirmed    currently working on a similar review for China      customer service in local government, examining
Julia.                                              and the Chinese provinces. Xavier is particularly    the nature and development of customer
w tinyurl.com/yakbxvj                               interested in off-grid regulation in rural areas     service approaches in local government in the
                                                    of developing countries, whilst Gill’s focus is on   UK, has been attracting media interest.
                           Professor Paul           smart meters and smart grids.                        w tinyurl.com/yj4k3hs
                           Stoneman, MSM, has       w tinyurl.com/yls6eqs
                           produced a report
                           on Soft Innovation,
                           published by National                               A project on                                         Professor Joe
                           Endowment for                                       Improving the                                        Nandhakumar, ISM,
                           Science Technology                                  capacity of healthcare                               has been awarded
                           and the Arts                                        organisations to                                     funding under the
      Paul Stoneman                                                            act on evidence in                                   Innovation Research
                           (NESTA). The report
                                                                               patient safety aimed                                 Initiative for an
uncovers a picture of rapid innovative change
                                                                               to investigate the                                   exploratory project
of an aesthetic nature – what he terms 'soft
                                                                               practical problems                                   on Valuing innovation:
innovation'. Paul argues that current policy              Davide Nicolini                                     Joe Nandhakumar
                                                                               and available                                        an exploratory study
distorts the economy by supporting innovation
                                                    solutions for healthcare practitioners doing         of developing business models for 'serious'
of a technological and functional nature, and
                                                    Root Cause Analysis (RCA). RCA is a widely           computer games. Professor Harry Scarbrough
neglecting innovation of a soft kind. While
                                                    used investigation methodology for reviewing         and Dr Nikiforos Panourgias are also involved.
recognising the increased levels of support
                                                    patient safety incidents and preventing their        'Serious games' are products that seek to
governments have given to the creative
                                                    re-occurrence through producing organisational       use the technologies of computer games
industries in recent years, he calls for an
                                                    learning. The research, the first of its kind in     and the skills of computer game developers
'overhaul' of innovation policy to recognise soft
                                                    the UK, was conducted by a multidisciplinary         and designers to address the problems of for
innovation activities both within and outside
                                                    team led by Dr Davide Nicolini, IKON, and            example, training and development, decision-
the creative industries.
w tinyurl.com/lqah78                                funded by the EPSRC. It examined how RCA             making, and organisational change, which face
                                                    is applied in the aftermath of different types       most businesses and organisations. The project
                                                    of adverse events, the challenges it poses           aims to contribute to theory development in
                            New research from       for the investigators and the organisation,          this area by exploring the relevance of a new
                            Dr Sue Bridgewater,     whether it is perceived as useful, and whether       theoretical framework – termed 'regimes of
                            MSM, highlights the     the recommendations generated through                worth' – to an empirical study of two case-
                            problems which occur    the process impact generate organisational           studies of serious games innovation.
                            when football clubs     learning. w tinyurl.com/y9enwnm                      w tinyurl.com/yk7vjug
                            change managers.
                            Popular myth
                            would have it that                                In partnership with        The scheme is a B2B voucher scheme designed
      Sue Bridgewater
                            a football manager                                Aston Business School,     to broker new partnerships between SMEs and
‘is never more than six games away from the                                   CSME has recently          creative firms and is located in Manchester.
sack.’ Certainly, football managers tend to be                                won a three-year
dismissed when they have had a poor run of                                    contract to evaluate       Professor Stephen Roper of WBS will be leading
results – although occasionally the trigger may                               the Creative Credits       on the econometric aspect of the evaluation,
be pulled after a victory or may be prompted by                               Innovation Voucher         supported by PhD student Lorraine Morley.
something other than results.                                                 scheme being funded
                                                          Stephen Roper
w tinyurl.com/yas59v8                                                         by NESTA.                  w tinyurl.com/yho8hj6
research review                                  nexus: spring 2010                                                                                                  9


                                                                                    Since June 2008,                                               In the SOLAR unit,
                                                                                    researchers from                                               research is being
                                                                                    WBS and the                                                    conducted into one
                                                                                    Computer Science                                               of three priority
                                                                                    department led by                                              areas, 'Security and
                                                                                    Vladimir Deineko                                               resilience'. In addition
                                                                                    (ORMS) have been                                               to the established
                                                                                    working on designing                                           large research project
     Paul Marginson         Guglielmo Meardi                   Vladimir Deineko                                          Bridgette Sullivan-Taylor
                                                                                    optimal routes                                                 on organisational
Professor Paul Marginson and Guglielmo                    for commercial waste collection services in                  resilience and how MNCs and SMEs are
Meardi, IRRU, have compiled a report for                  Coventry City Council (CCC). The collaboration               developing the capability to cope with strategic
the online European Industrial Relations                  is supported by the EPSRC funding body and                   decision making under uncertainty, a new
Observatory on the impact of multinational                the centre for Discrete Mathematics and its                  project has begun which examines an increasing
companies on collective bargaining over pay               Applications (DIMAP). First results report that              threat facing organisations working in emerging
and conditions across the 27 member states                application of new algorithms may lead up to                 markets and offshore locations (in the energy
of the European Union. The report finds that              20 percent savings in transportation costs (fuel             and other sectors). The project examines how
under multi-employer bargaining arrangements              consumption, use of vehicles, etc).                          organisations are managing body politics ie;
MNCs have been a major source of pressure                 w www.warwick.ac.uk/go/dimap                                 the risk of kidnapping and hostage taking in
for decentralisation, giving greater scope for                                                                         these locations and how intelligence is being
company negotiation. Under single-employer                For years WBS has used a special tool to                     shared between target organisations both off
bargaining, MNCs often act as pacesetters.                allocate students into equitable teams,                      and onshore. Anyone working in organisations
MNCs make widespread use of cross-border                  to spread evenly students with different                     and locations facing these risks who would
comparisons of costs and performance in local             backgrounds, skills and cultural origins. The                be interested in participating in this research
negotiations in manufacturing. The result is              combinatorial type algorithms behind the                     should contact
implementation of cost-saving and flexibility-            tool had been developed by Vladimir and PhD                  E Bridgette.Sullivan-Taylor@wbs.ac.uk
enhancing measures, particularly in a context of          student Thomas Ridd. Warwick Venture experts                 w www.wbs.ac.uk/faculty/research/solar.cfm
company restructuring. Relocations, actual and            are currently involved in the commercialisation
threatened, heighten the coercive pressures on            of this product.                                             More information about WBS research can be
local negotiators.                                                                                                     found via the Press Centre in news and features
w tinyurl.com/ye5kfen                                     w www.balancedgroups.com                                     w www.wbs.ac.uk/news

connect, learn, develop –                                 Recognising that learning and development
                                                          never ends, have a look at the increased
                                                                                                                       Warwick is now on iTunesU
                                                                                                                       w www2.warwick.ac.uk/itunesu
online                                                    number of short courses available through
                                                          Executive education and the Careers team,
Since the launch of your new alumni web site              as well as some of the services run by the
in July 2009, new services have been and will             Development and Alumni Relations office.
continue to be added as we seek to improve our            w www.wbs.ac.uk/alumni/personaldevelopment
service to you. Check out the media area where
you can access an increasing library of podcasts          Looking for a former classmate or new contact?
and clips from previous events and activities             Use our online directory to get back in touch
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                           Alumni Publications Officer       Relations Administration       Director of Development and Alumni
 Alumni Association        t +44 (0)24 7652 4396             T +44 (0)24 7652 2813          Relations                             nexus is the magazine of the Alumni
 Warwick Business School   e pam.barnes@wbs.ac.uk            E alumni@wbs.ac.uk             T +44(0)24 7652 4188                  Association, Warwick Business School
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                                                             E tracy.lynch@wbs.ac.uk
10 nexus: spring 2010 energy




the challenge of energy
David Elmes, Academic Director, The Warwick Global Energy MBA, sets out the challenges facing the energy sector and
introduces the ways in which teaching at WBS is tackling those challenges.

As we are preparing articles on the energy        Who's who and the roles that institutions are       evolution of the industry and its role in society:
industry for this edition of nexus, there is      playing are also shifting. Countries that own       the role of regulation, the development of
daily speculation in the press on whether the     energy resources look to do more themselves.        the low carbon economy and the politics of
UN Climate Change Summit in Copenhagen            Previously, they might have relied on               energy. We also look at how trading binds the
will deliver a global deal on the emission of     international companies headquartered in the        industry together, how innovation is delivering
greenhouse gases. By the time you read this,      developed economies. Companies from China,          alternative energies and how the industry
you will know what was or was not agreed.         India, Russia, Brazil, Malaysia, the Middle East    finances and delivers the major capital
                                                  and some African countries, now take key            investments needed for progress.
For WBS, the international diplomacy of           roles across the industry. This is often in close
climate change is part of a more fundamental      collaboration with their governments who see        The new modules extend the way MBA
transition in the energy industry that            energy as critical for economic development         programmes have historically looked at the
is changing management practices and              and security.                                       performance of a firm and now explore the
rewriting the way the industry interacts with                                                         firm’s role in society. They involve faculty
governments across the globe. In 2007, WBS                                                            from across Warwick who are teaching
started to gather its thoughts and teaching on       Energy is getting harder                         MBA modules for the first time on subjects
the energy industry as part of the School’s aim                                                       as diverse as politics, regulation and the
to understand the challenges that managers        to develop and produce.                             economics of the low carbon society (see
face in tackling global issues. This has now                                                          Professor Andrew Sentance’s separate article
included the launch of The Warwick Global
                                                  For the traditional oil and                         on P17).
Energy MBA in May 2009 – a part time MBA          gas resources, new finds are
for people working in the industry that                                                               Professor Richard Higgott and Caroline
combines the management education of the          smaller and offer greater                           Kuzemko of the University of Warwick’s
Warwick MBA with an understanding of the          technical challenges while                          Department of Political and International
challenges and opportunities that lie ahead for                                                       Studies, are highlighting how the international
the energy industry.                              the major fields found in                           political economy influences the energy
                                                  the past now face declining                         industry. ‘When people discuss the energy
From extensive discussions with executives                                                            transition, they usually refer to the transition
and alumni in the industry, we identified three   production.                                         from fossil fuels to energy sustainable on a
themes that are combining to cause a more                                                             long term basis with lower carbon emissions.
rapid transition for the energy industry than                                                         There are, however, closely associated and
changes in the past:                              The third factor is the issue of climate change.    important political questions circulating in the
                                                  All of these changes in the industry need           international political economy about what
 H Developing and providing energy is             to be achieved within the constraints of            the appropriate market, state and institutional
   becoming more difficult, both from             changing the way energy is produced and             conditions must be to ensure this transition.
   traditional or alternative sources             consumed. The goal is much lower carbon
                                                  emissions without halting economic growth           The transition needs to take place in such a
 H The roles for companies, governments and       and development. What this means is a very          way that continuity and affordability of energy
   other institutions involved are changing       different energy industry in the future from        supply is maintained due to the vital domestic
                                                  the hydrocarbon-focussed one that supported         and commercial roles that energy plays. These
 H Climate change sets a challenging new          economic growth during the 20th century.            are highly significant questions with potentially
   framework for the industry                                                                         drastic economic, social and political
                                                  Together these factors lead to an industry          implications. A study of recent economic and
Energy is getting harder to develop and           whose current pace of evolution leaves behind       political transitions across Eastern Europe,
produce. For the traditional oil and gas          many traditional models of competition.             particularly Russia, reveals just how uncertain
resources, new finds are smaller and offer        Managers face a more complicated landscape          periods of transition can be, how much change
greater technical challenges while the major      where you have to understand multiple               they can lead to and how outcomes can differ
fields found in the past now face declining       sources of energy, changing roles in the            from initial intentions.’
production. For renewable and alternative         industry and how addressing climate change
energies, the plan is to develop significant      will transform the industry.                        The new module on The Politics of Energy
levels of energy production in a very short                                                           points out that during periods of steady and
time. The plans to develop, deploy and scale-     In developing the Warwick Global Energy MBA,        affordable energy prices, net energy importer
up renewable energy supplies reflect rates        we are revising about three-quarters of the         nations tend to expend less political capital on
of growth rarely seen in capital intensive        coursework used in the traditional Warwick          securing energy supplies. During times of high
industries.                                       MBA programmes. New modules look at the             and volatile pricing, however, energy crises are
nexus: spring 2010 energy                                                                            11




re-born and consumer nations are reminded             sustainable sources of energy. Gill and Xavier
of the extent to which modern economies are           recently attended the World Forum on Energy
                                                                                                                                      David Elmes is
reliant on energy.                                    Regulation where sessions covered a broad
                                                                                                                                      Academic Director of
                                                      range of topics including energy security,                                      the Warwick Global
                                                      investment, competitiveness and affordability.                                  Energy MBA and
    The role of regulation                            ‘There was a notable increase in the number
                                                      of sessions devoted to renewable energy,
                                                                                                                                      Senior Teaching Fellow
                                                                                                                                      Warwick MBA at WBS.
in the energy industry is                             energy efficiency, climate change and other                                     David joined WBS after
                                                      sustainability issues. The regional regulatory                                  more than 20 years
changing as governments                               associations from around the world agreed a                                     working in the energy
seek to influence supply,                             joint statement on climate change that was                                      and management
                                                                                                                                      consulting industries.
                                                      released at the Forum. In this statement they
demand and the transition                             outlined their commitment to play a major role
                                                                                                                                      His focus is on the
                                                                                                           development and implementation of changes
to sustainable sources of                             by overseeing the development of efficient           that transform a company's performance
                                                      and climate responsible energy markets.”             including the changes in organisation, culture,
energy                                                                                                     capabilities and performance management that
                                                      Regulators find themselves caught between            enable and sustain new ways of working in ever-
                                                      the evolving policy ambitions of governments         changing circumstances.
‘Looking at the transitions ahead, concerns           and companies’ need for a clear regulatory
about climate change mean we now have a               framework if they are to make the major, long                                   Professor Richard
number of politically stated goals, particularly      lead-time investments required. Regulators                                      Higgott is Pro-
with regard to reducing CO2 emissions. Climate        have to figure out how it will all work – ‘Several                              Vice Chancellor
change academics challenge what they                  sessions dealt with the role of regulators in                                   for Research
perceive to be the ‘business-as-usual’ political      implementing market mechanisms to achieve                                       and Professor
response to development of a sustainable              a significant reduction of CO2 emissions.                                       of International
energy system. They argue for increased                                                                                               Political Economy
                                                                                                                                      at the University of
political investment in facilitating the transition   There was a reasonable consensus on the idea
                                                                                                                                      Warwick. Richard
as the questions of who pays for the past             that putting a price on CO2 emissions was not                                   was Foundation
and who invests in new technologies for the           enough and that further energy policies are                                     Director of the
future can only be resolved at the political          needed. A number of speakers were quite                                         ESRC Centre for the
level. The transition will be politically complex     critical of the cap and trade mechanisms             Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation at
but fascinating. Innovative thinking across           for various reasons. Some feared that such           Warwick. He is also Senior Scientist and Director
economic, political and social spectrums will         a mechanism could lead to very high prices           of the EU Framework 6 Network of Excellence
be vital.’                                            for electricity, others feared that emissions        on Global Governance, Regionalisation and
                                                      trading schemes can produce carbon prices            Regulation and a Senior Fellow in the Institute
                                                                                                           of Governance and Public Management at WBS.
When domestic or international politics do            that are too low or too unstable to incentivise
                                                                                                           He has particular expertise in the international
reach points of agreement, governments enact          investment in energy efficiency and renewable        economics and politics of East Asia and the
policies and establish regulatory structures          energy.’                                             international economic institutions, especially
to guide the energy industry. In another new                                                               the WTO.
module focussed on Regulation, Dr Gill Owen,          As the Warwick Global Energy MBA
Dr Xavier Lamaire and Professor Martin Cave           approaches its second intake, the challenges
                                                                                                                                      Dr Gill Owen is Senior
use their experience from WBS’ Centre for             of the energy industry continue to mix what
                                                                                                                                      Research Fellow
Management under Regulation to highlight              companies can do themselves with the role                                       at the Centre for
the management challenges of operating in             they play in an evolving, more global society.                                  Management under
regulated industries such as energy.                  Through WBS’ teaching and research, we hope                                     Regulation at WBS.
                                                      to contribute a greater understanding of the                                    Gill is a member of
Gill and Xavier run a network called the              management practices and policy-making                                          the Competition
Sustainable Energy Regulation Network on              required for success.                                                           Commission; a non-
behalf of the Renewable Energy and Energy                                                                                             executive member of
Efficiency Partnership, an international NGO.         We hope you enjoy the following perspectives                                    the Ofgem Board; and
                                                                                                                                      a consultant on energy
This network provides information to energy           featuring alumni from across the industry and
                                                                                                           policy to government departments and energy
regulators around the world on how policy             do please contact us if you share our interest       companies in the UK and overseas. She is also
and regulation can facilitate the growth of           in the Global Energy industry.                       a member of the Fuel Poverty Advisory Group
renewable energy and energy efficiency.                                                                    and Ofgem's Social Action Plan Review Group,
                                                      For more information on the Warwick Global           as well as being Policy and Regulation Adviser
The role of regulation in the energy industry         Energy MBA visit                                     to the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
is changing as governments seek to influence                                                               Partnership (REEEP).
supply, demand and the transition to                  W www.wbs.ac.uk/students/mba/global-energy
12 nexus: spring 2010 energy




competitive markets and the home of the future
Ian Peters (FTMBA 1988–90) Chief Operating Officer, British Gas, explains the key role of energy efficiency and the adoption of
new technologies in a world of climate change.

It is widely acknowledged that the UK energy          It may seem counterintuitive that an energy
market faces significant and unprecedented            company helps its customers reduce their
challenges in securing future energy supplies,        consumption of energy. In fact, our 9,000
combating climate change and delivering               engineers and network of training academies
affordable energy to consumers.                       give us the unique ability to bring energy
                                                      efficiency and microgeneration to the mass
Declining reserves of North Sea gas mean that         market. British Gas is the UK’s largest supplier
gas imports are expected to rise 75 percent           of energy efficiency. We have insulated over
by 2015. One quarter of power stations are            1.5 million lofts and cavity walls in the last
expected to close within the same period as           five years, we are the UK’s leading supplier
ageing plants and environment requirements            of A-rated high efficiency boilers and we’re
lead to accelerated closures.                         exploring new technologies in partnership with
                                                      other companies such as developing a fuel cell
Meanwhile the Government has set out a                domestic boiler that produces both heat and
comprehensive plan to cut UK emissions by             electricity for homes.
34 percent by 2020 and at least 80 percent by
2050. To deliver this target they estimate that       We also see the national roll out of smart
40 percent of the UK’s electricity will need to       meters as key to helping customers understand
be from low carbon sources by 2020 including a        the energy they use. Smart meters display
rise in electricity from renewables from 5 to 30      and record real time information on electricity
percent.                                              and gas consumption. The Government has
                                                      committed that 46 million smart meters should
Developing these energy sources requires              be fitted into domestic customers homes by            of partnerships that British Gas has established
major investment – Ernst and Young estimates          2020. British Gas has already installed 60,000 –      with a large number of charities, retail partners
as much as £199bn by 2025. Companies must             the largest programme in the UK.                      and local authorities, working on an ‘area-by-
make a fair rate of return in order to make                                                                 area’ basis like we are already doing in the new
investments of this scale. Centrica alone has         The key to making smart meters a success              Community Energy Savings Programme (CESP)
committed to investing £1.5bn a year in securing      is building customer engagement to act on
new energy supplies. In the last year, we have        the information that a smart meter provides.          In summary, the energy sector faces some
invested £2.3bn for a 20 percent share in the         Energy suppliers and installers must all play an      significant challenges relating to UK security of
nuclear operator British Energy, £750m on the         active role in making Britain’s homes greener.        supply, climate change and affordability. We
Lincolnshire coast offshore wind farm and built       Suppliers such as British Gas have the technical      believe that competitive markets have delivered
a new gas-fired power station at Langage near         capability, the operational capacity, the financial   so far and are best placed to meet these
Plymouth at a cost of £400m.                          strength and the track record to deliver energy       challenges going forward. It is essential that the
                                                      makeovers at scale and with pace.                     consumer remains at the heart of what we do.
The cost of supporting low carbon and network                                                               As part of that, we at British Gas are committed
investment is growing by around 9 percent pa in       We have just completed what we believe to be          to maintaining our leading role in helping
absolute terms and as a percent of customers’         the largest ever piece of research into customer      our customers improve the efficiency of their
bills. OFGEM, the energy regulator, has predicted     energy consumption. We have analysed                  housing and to help them manage their energy
bills will rise by up to 25 percent by 2015 in all    78 million meter readings between 2006 and            bills in a higher priced environment.
scenarios – with spikes of up to 60 percent.          2008 and correlating consumption savings with
                                                      actions customers have taken to improve the
Against this backdrop, energy efficiency and          energy efficiency. Our data shows an average            the author in                  minute
the adoption of new technologies such as              21 percent reduction in gas consumption of 18
microgeneration boilers and solar photovoltaic        percent for 300,000 customers every year for           Ian’s responsibilities at British Gas include
have an even greater role to play not only in         whom we install insulation, and an average 21          offshore operations, metering and billing, debt
reducing carbon emissions but also helping            percent fall for the 100,000 customers every           management, Centrica Group IS, Insurance,
customers manage their energy bills.                  year for whom we install a new boiler. We              British Gas Business, and ‘Energy First’, the
                                                      believe that the relationship between customers        largest customer facing residential energy
Some 40 percent of emissions come from                and their energy supplier has had the single           business. He is also Chairman of British Gas
homes. The UK’s Climate Change Committee              biggest impact on energy savings on the UK.            Services Ltd and a Trustee of two Centrica
argues that some 10 million lofts and 7.5 million                                                            Pension Funds. With over 25 years experience
                                                                                                             in a variety of energy and financial services
cavity walls need to be properly insulated by         We all recognise that a further step-change in
                                                                                                             positions, Ian has gained expertise in strategy,
2015, and all the 12 million inefficient boilers in   consumer behaviour is needed to meet our               marketing, finance and business operations in a
people's homes must be replaced by 2022 if the        stretching carbon reduction targets. This will         range of financial services companies.
Government’s targets are to be met.                   require even more innovation such as the range
nexus: spring 2010 energy                                                                               13




making the UK a world leader
Nick Horler (DLMBA 1987–91) Chief Executive, ScottishPower, examines the competition for carbon capture and storage (CCS)
and highlights the importance of leading the race.

Two years ago, ScottishPower and 9 other                                                                    Canada to deliver this crucial technology first
companies entered a carbon capture and                                                                      and not give away CCS like we gave away
storage competition in the UK that was very                                                                 nuclear or wind power? Comparing ourselves
much at the cutting edge of what was then                                                                   with projects across the globe, we will be
the embryonic global development of carbon                                                                  capturing CO2 from coal with a retrofit solution
capture & storage (CCS).                                                                                    at a location able to access proven storage sites
                                                                                                            in the central North Sea.
With just a few projects around the world
then, the UK Government had taken a lead.                                                                   The location also gives us access to a ready
It recognised the need for a commercial CCS                                                                 made skills base as hydrocarbon extraction
solution to the challenges posed by climate                                                                 declines and we have the partners and alliances
change and the opportunities and advantages                                                                 to share what we learn across the globe. Finally,
of being the first mover.                                                                                   we have already started. Longannet is a real
                                                                                                            power station delivering power today. Our
Back then, people understood there was                                                                      carbon capture test rig has now been operating
tremendous economic potential, and recent                                                                   night and day for well over 2,000 hours. And our
figures now bear out just how big this                                                                      goal is to demonstrate full chain, full scale CCS
opportunity actually is. The Department for                                                                 by 2014 – a goal that leaves serious contenders
Energy and Climate Change recently reported                                                                 across Europe only just getting to the starting
that clean coal technology could bring between                                                              blocks.
two and four billion pounds a year into the
UK economy by 2030, and support up to sixty                                                                 We wholeheartedly back, support and applaud
thousand jobs in engineering, manufacturing          CCS and we at ScottishPower were down to the           the UK Government’s path-finding role in the
and procurement.                                     last four. Here was a chance for the UK to lead        journey towards global CCS. But let’s not just be
                                                     the world in a brand new technology that could         the first to demonstrate the technology but the
                                                     make a significant positive impact on climate          first to deliver and realise the potential of first
                                                     change. We were delighted that our retrofit            mover advantage.
    Our carbon capture test                          solution secured the early support of NGOs, in
rig has now been operating                           particular the WWF.                                    It is the competition that has got us this far and
                                                                                                            it is the competition that I believe will enable
night and day for well over                          There are now in excess of 70 projects around          us to show the world we can demonstrate and
2,000 hours. And our goal is                         the world today. Some are no more than
                                                     discussions or vague feasibility studies. But
                                                                                                            deliver full scale CCS first.

to demonstrate full chain, full                      others at first glance look like they’ve overtaken     To learn more about CCS and our competition
                                                     us in the race to deliver this vital technology.       bid, visit w www.scottishpowerccs.tv
scale CCS by 2014 – a goal
that leaves serious contenders                       So where are we now in this global race? How
                                                     does the UK now compare having raced out of              the author in                  minute
across Europe only just                              the blocks first? Let’s look at the facts. Recently,
getting to the starting                              we at ScottishPower along with our consortium
                                                     partners Aker Clean Carbon, Shell and
                                                                                                             Nick Horler was appointed ScottishPower CEO
                                                                                                             in June 2008 following a career in which he has
blocks.                                              National Grid submitted the final technical             held senior strategic roles in major companies
                                                     submission about our scheme for our coal fired          both in the UK and abroad. His appointment
                                                     power station at Longannet in Fife. It spelled          follows the company's successful integration with
With over 20,000 coal fired power stations           out in detail what our CCS scheme will look like,       Iberdrola, – one of the world's largest energy
                                                                                                             companies. ScottishPower has quickly become
worldwide, developing a skilled CCS workforce,       how much CO2 it will capture, by when and
                                                                                                             a principal engine of growth of the Iberdrola
building on the North Sea offshore skills, could     crucially what it will cost. E.ON did the same,
                                                                                                             Group, employing over 10,000 people in the
make the UK the centre of excellence for             and with RWE deciding not to submit, we are             generation, transmission and retail of energy in
this technology, creating tremendous export          now one of the final two companies in the               the UK.
potential for UK PLC in a post-recession, low-       competition. We will hear early this year who
carbon world.                                        gets the green light for the final phase of the         Before joining ScottishPower, Nick was Executive
                                                     competition, which will run through the best            Director of E.ON UK PLC and had held other
A year later and the pace was beginning to hot       part of 2010.                                           senior executive positions in that group for more
up with 5 fully integrated projects around the                                                               than 10 years. Prior to this he spent twelve years
globe. The government’s competition ensured          But will that be enough on the global stage?            with Phillips Petroleum (now ConocoPhillips).
that the UK still held a strong lead in developing   Can we ultimately beat France, the US and
14 nexus: spring 2010 energy




a ‘more electric’ automotive landscape
Dr Henri Winand (MMBA 1999–2003), Chief Executive, Intelligent Energy Holdings PLC, explores the vehicle technologies
needed to address future transportation needs.

Diversification of transportation fuels             the successful introduction of hydrogen-fed fuel
According to the International Energy Agency’s      cell vehicles to market, targeting the year 2015.
latest World Energy Outlook, today’s worldwide
transportation industry is over 90 per cent         Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs), Battery Electric
dependent on oil. The introduction of hydrogen      Vehicles (BEVs) and consumer attitudes
as a transport fuel for use in fuel cell hybrid     When pure BEVs and FCVs are compared, it is
or other hydrogen vehicles would increase           worth considering the infrastructure to support
diversity of supply as well as reduce the carbon    them and consumers’ behaviour in selecting
footprint of the sector. A recent report from       and using their vehicles. The ‘refuelling’ time
the US National Research Council suggests           required to charge a pure BEV is much longer
that hydrogen fuel cell vehicles could lead to a    than needed to refuel vehicles with petrol,
reduction in gasoline consumption of as much        diesel, compressed natural gas (CNG) or
as 50 per cent by 2035, reducing CO2 emissions      hydrogen. While FCVs will need a hydrogen
from light duty vehicle transportation by a         fuelling infrastructure, this can be a hub-
similar level.                                      and-spoke supply network similar to how oil
                                                    and gas is supplied today. Whether BEVs are
A portfolio of vehicle technologies                 supported by home recharging points, curb-side
A portfolio of vehicle technologies is needed to    recharging points or battery swapping systems,
address future transportation needs. There are      a highly networked and distributed recharging
roles for battery only electric vehicles, plug-     infrastructure is needed that requires larger
in hybrid electric vehicles, gasoline or diesel     capital outlays and attracts larger operational
hybrids as well as fuel cell hybrid vehicles.       and maintenance costs.

Pure battery electric vehicles (BEVs) are getting   The way consumers buy and use their cars
a lot of attention right now, but they are not a    is often ignored when looking at pure BEVs.
realistic option for the long-term transformation   Where consumers have the opportunity to
of how we think about energy and clean              recharge at home in their own garages, as in        serve a wider combination of transport needs
transport. Distance per recharge and time to        the USA, the land available on a per capita         and consumer preferences. The solution is a
recharge will always be challenges. Most fuel       basis means they also drive further than in         portfolio approach to cleaner and more efficient
cell vehicles (FCVs) use batteries alongside        regions such as Europe where houses are             transport with hydrogen playing a central role.
the fuel cells in what are essentially hybrid       usually smaller with more street-based parking.     Not a pure ‘electric’ transport system, but a
power systems – batteries and fuel cells are        Therefore, geographies where people have            ‘more electric’ transport system.
complementary technologies.                         the space to charge at home involve longer
                                                    commuting distances and so the range of BEVs
Fuel cell hybrid vehicles are the best technology   becomes a concern. Where people have shorter          the author in                  minute
to simultaneously address emissions, air            commutes, space for curb-side BEV recharging
quality and energy security concerns in a cost      reaches saturation.                                  Dr Henri Winand joined the Board of Intelligent
competitive and scalable manner. Moreover,                                                               Energy Holdings PLC as Chief Executive in
this can be achieved in vehicles that deliver       Strategies for the rapid take-up of alternative      September 2006. He was most recently Vice
similar performance in terms of range and           vehicle technologies often ignore the fact that      President of Corporate Venturing at Rolls-Royce
                                                    consumers purchase vehicles with mobility            PLC, the power systems provider for land, sea
refuelling time to today’s combustion engine
                                                                                                         and air. During his time with Rolls-Royce, Henri
vehicles. These are critical factors that           freedom in mind. Having to plan one’s journey
                                                                                                         managed a power systems business, introduced
consumers and fleet customers consider when         around the operational needs of a pure BEV           new manufacturing technologies into the group
making their purchasing decisions and which         will require significant customer education.         and was responsible for defining and supervising
cannot be ignored in ensuring prompt market         This is often slow, costly and dependent             the implementation of strategies for deriving
take-up.                                            upon sustained and consistent government             additional value from the group’s technology
                                                    incentives to achieve a complex shift in modes       assets.
This is a view shared by the leading automotive     of transport.
companies. Major car makers Honda, Toyota,                                                               Intelligent Energy is a privately held clean power
and Daimler all recently made announcements         In summary                                           systems company serving the transportation,
on when FCV commercial production will              Pure BEVs have a particular niche in our             oil and gas, aerospace, defence, distributed
begin. Furthermore, in September 2009, a            future transportation system: large cities           generation and portable power markets.
                                                                                                         Intelligent Energy addresses these markets using
memorandum of understanding was signed by           where consumers have the opportunity to
                                                                                                         its proprietary fuel cell and hydrogen generation
Daimler, Ford, General Motors, Honda, Hyundai,      recharge at home, at work and on the curb-
                                                                                                         technologies.
Kia, Renault, Nissan and Toyota to cooperate on     side and where range is not an issue. FCVs           w www.intelligent-energy.com
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Nexus Spring 2010

  • 1. 1 Warwick Business School Alumni Association magazine: spring 10
  • 2.
  • 3. 3 message from the acting dean 3 It is a great privilege to now be in post as advocates and leaders) and in developing our strategic international Acting Dean of WBS, as we say farewell to partnerships. This will not only sustain WBS, but also advance our Howard Thomas and undertake a rigorous standing in Europe and consequently make us a more serious global recruitment process for a permanent Dean. contender. To ensure WBS drives ahead its vision and mission to be firmly positioned with the 3 Research excellence top European business schools by 2015, we We need to prepare as never before for the next Research Excellence cannot afford to rest on our laurels. As such, Framework (REF). Although the criteria and metrics for assessing Professor Nigel Thrift, Vice-Chancellor, has asked me to remain in post research excellence have yet to be clarified, there is little doubt that for a year if required. I shall also ensure there is a smooth handover to exercise will focus on the quality of publications, number of research the new Dean so that he or she does not start the job on day one with grants, number of PhDs and completion rates as well as that slightly the disadvantage of no or little contextual understanding of the School. elusive 'impact' factor (yet to be properly defined). It is certain that I have offered to spend a few weeks helping and advising the new our competitor schools will be similarly gearing up and preparing appointment as necessary. for the REF which is currently scheduled to take place in 2012/2013. I look forward to working with our Associate Dean for Research, Over the year ahead I have identified three main challenges but also, and you all to ensure that we have the strongest possible return of of course, opportunities that we need to deliver on as we drive ahead excellent research activities. to 2015: If we can advance in these areas, we are sure to overtake our 1 Global relevance and accessibility competitors and to bring advanced relevance and value, not only to We need to demonstrate more fully our influence upon the world of our existing community of alumni, friends, donors and associates, practice and policy. We also need to communicate effectively how but to a growing one. Working closely with Deputy Deans Professor our research is listened to and acted upon, across industries. It is Bob Johnston and Professor Simon Collinson, with the scrutiny our responsibility in an uncertain world to be working alongside and and guidance of our advisory boards and alumni volunteers, not to advising governments, executives, board members and managers to mention our corporate and institutional partners, and with help solve global issues. These global challenges include (inter alia) Ben Plummer-Powell and our development and alumni relations organisational resilience to extreme events; the use of knowledge and team, we can succeed despite the challenges. As my late friend, Peter creativity in innovation; service transformation; leadership, governance Doyle often reflected, 'success builds success'. This is, therefore, not and the economic and social impact of an ageing population; and, of a time to put the brakes on, but to accelerate and to build upon our course, sustainable energy – a most fitting focus for this edition of legacy. With your help, I know we will achieve our goals. nexus. Thank you to you all for your support over the years and I hope to 2 Partnerships and investment continue to meet and work with as many of you as possible in 2010. Undoubtedly there will be further cuts from the UK government to higher education. By demonstrating relevance and value through our research and teaching, we need to command greater corporate and individual financial support to ensure we can continue to invest in our faculty appointments, in the most talented students (our future Professor David Wilson contents 12 26 17 In this edition of nexus we focus on global energy 4/5 Development and alumni relations office/Alumni board 6–9 WBS news 10/11 The challenge of energy: David Elmes, Professor Richard Higgott, Dr Gill Owen 12 Competitive markets and the home of the future: Ian Peters 13 Making the UK a world leader in CCS technology: Nick Horler 14 A 'more electric' automotive landscape: Henri Winand 7 13 15 Working in wind: Lars Landberg 16 What next with the oil and gas sector? Paul Nicholson 17 The low carbon society: Professor Andrew Sentance 18 WBS development programme 19 personal and career development 20 Warwick Global Conference: India report 21-24 Overseas and UK networks – news and event reviews 25 Hot off the press 26/27 Alumni news and appointments
  • 4. 44 nexus: spring 2010 the development and alumni relations office and alumni board If we were asked to reflect on 2009 has been a challenging but 2009, most of us would probably highly successful year for your recall the same thoughts: a year Alumni Board and we are sure that of financial turmoil, of failing 2010 will present even greater banks and immense challenges for challenges, as we seek to establish businesses – a period of instability an ever increasing presence in and uncertainty for most of us. many regions and professional sectors across the world. As an alumnus of WBS, we hope and believe you have been better Our Board priorities for 2010 will equipped to face these hurdles focus on four main areas: head on and to make the best of them. Throughout such tough H Communication: including times, our alumni have shone further developments to our through, achieving promotions, new alumni web site to enable establishing successful start-ups peer-to-peer interaction and and receiving business accolades greater access to research and and awards. You can find details information of these achievements in the H Enhancing the alumni offering: following pages. moving towards a framework of additional tailored services Times of crisis offer us a tremendous opportunity. As an individual, or H International development: a key area of our activity as we seek to as an organisation, they encourage us to reflect on our core values, to support the development of new networks and activities across a wider re-focus and re-prioritise, to connect and re-connect with those important range of countries to us and to prepare robustly for the time ahead. They also demonstrate H Student engagement: working with alumni to develop relationships our need to put the foot on the gas, not to ease off – as Acting Dean David with each and every current student cohort to enhance graduation Wilson has demonstrated. activities. Your School and your Alumni Association could never be more relevant There were changes within your Board during 2009, not least of which – as you seek to broaden your professional networks, extend your was Gill Thewlis’ decision to step down as Chair. I would like to express my knowledge and support your career path, we are driving ahead the thanks to Gill and other Board members who, individually, have all made services we offer to you. We have had an unprecedented increase in our significant contributions during their time on the Board. global events, international groups, professional groups and mentors, and we were overwhelmed by the number of applicants we received to join The induction of our new Board members is underway and following our Alumni Board. our Board Retreat in January, we are developing action plans for the forthcoming year, building on our understanding of what you need and In 2010 we shall continue to work with you to ensure that we deliver want from your Alumni Association. We trust you will continue to connect, a relevant and world-class service, driven and supported by our key learn and develop with us in 2010. alumni advocates. Ongoing access to knowledge and research and an unparalleled professional network will form the basis of this service. Nick Jessett (EMBA 1985–89) Chair of the WBS Alumni Board Finally, my thanks to all of our alumni and friends who are working so hard to deliver even more value to our Association and to our School. Even in a thank you to previous board members challenging economic environment we have more donors and donations than ever before. Together we are making a tremendous difference – we From top left: look forward to working with you further in 2010. Gill Thewlis Alison Bond Ananda Roy Deputy Director, Development and Alumni Relations Mark Whitley David Sykes Jemima Bird some key dates for 2010 Karamjit Singh Saturday 19 June : Academic Update seminar Janet White Kate Spencer Friday 12 November: Entrepreneurship event Paul Edwards Saturday 13 November: Warwick Global Conference : Warwick Simon Peatfield W www.wbs.ac.uk/alumni/events.cfm John McGee Usman Adam
  • 5. 55 your new alumni board members Cristiano Coppola Tanya Sammut Bonnici (FTMBA 2007–08) (PhD 1999–2004) European Client Relationship Manager, Lecturer, University of Malta Unipart Logistics Through the Alumni Board, I wish to contribute I have joined the WBS alumni board primarily to to the development of a portfolio of services that raise the profile and image of the School among add value to the professions of alumni across the alumni and the general public. the globe, and which increase the significance of being part of the WBS Alumni Association. Julia Evans Matt Stocker (MMBA 1995–2000) (BSc Management Sciences 2001–04) Chief Executive, National Federation of Builders Director, Matt Stocker Ltd The Board demonstrates the WBS commitment Having benefited greatly from my own to engaging with and listening to its alumni in a involvement with the WBS Alumni Association, very meaningful and constructive way. It makes I am excited by this opportunity to be part of sense for any business to listen to is customers developing the Association and extending these and this is one of the ways WBS does this. benefits to other alumni. I want to be part of this 'big' conversation! Andrew Fletcher Alison Watts (FTMBA 1990–91) (MMBA 2001–08) Owner & Managing Director, Icendris Ltd I have benefited greatly from the work of the Alumni Association and want to ‘give something As MD of a management training company, I am back’. A senior, experienced leader, I offer passionate about people development. I hope commercial and client relationship skills and a to support the Board's engagement strategy by strong international interest. further developing the Continuous Professional Development offering. Richard Owen Hilary Robertson (DLMBA 1986–91) (DLMBA 1989–97) Director, Holland House Associates Ltd BPO Strategy Director, Steria I get a lot out of my WBS alumni activity and I aim to bring experience of working with hope to use my skills and experience to help teams from the emerging economies with their increase the benefit of engaging with WBS to appetite for continuous development to help us alumni generally. harness all the talent in our alumni network. Navdeep Athwal Ronan Morrissey Current student, MSc Marketing & Strategy Current student, Warwick MBA by full-time Class of 2009 study, class of 2009 As an Alumni Board member I will act as an I wish to advise current students what can be ambassador for WBS and thereby contribute to gained from developing a relationship with the its continued success across the world. I will be Alumni Board and also to bring students’ ideas looking at new ways of reconnecting the alumni to the Board’s attention. and students. Jon Lees For more information about the key role of the WBS Alumni Board w www.wbs.ac.uk/alumni/theboards.cfm As both the new Executive Director of the Warwick MBA and as an alumnus of the Link with us on LinkedIn programme (EMBA 2002–06), I am delighted to have joined the Alumni Board. I hope this Join us on Facebook will enable me to maintain and improve the Follow us on Twitter relationship between the MBA and its alumni community. Links to all the groups can be found at w www.wbs.ac.uk/alumni
  • 6. 6 nexus: spring 2010 WBS news awards and achievements for staff... WBS faculty influence public sector policy- One of the most sought-after and makers and executives coveted international awards for academic faculty working in the field Professors John Benington and Jean Hartley of the Governance & Public of management is the annual Best Management Group co-authored a paper, commissioned by the National Article Award given by the academic School of Government and the Public Service Leaders Alliance, setting journal, Academy of Management out the parameters to promote and cultivate leadership capability across Review. The US-based journal is one the public service. This paper achieved strong media coverage, both in of the top two academic journals in national and international print and online news media, and across the all of management, by citations and range of public sector media outlets. on most other measures. Michael Mol, Associate Professor of Strategic Minister for Local Government, Dr Brian Gibbons, announced the Management, was announced membership of the Welsh Anglesey Recovery Board, including Dr Zoë the 2008 winner for the article Radnor, Associate Professor (Reader), Operations Management. Management Innovation, jointly- authored with Julian Birkinshaw A new Ipsos MORI report highlighted the major contribution made by the and Gary Hamel of London Business Michael Mol WBS Postgraduate Diploma in Local Government Management (PDLGM) School. Previous winners include to the intellectual and professional development of graduate trainee renowned academics from schools such as Harvard, Wharton and managers in the local government sector. Columbia. The article brings to the forefront the need for organisations to be innovative in their management practices, as much as they are in their products and business processes. Much to her surprise and delight, and with some embarrassment, both awards at the 18th annual IPSERA (International Purchasing and Supply Education and Research Association) conference were won by Helen Walker, Associate Professor at WBS Undergraduate student prize winners in the Operations Management surrounded by UBS presenters and WBS faculty Group. Helen Walker Congratulations to Juergen Branke Our Dean Professor Howard Thomas attended his farewell lunch, held at of the Operational Research & WBS, on Monday 21 December. He received a camera and camera holder, Management Sciences Group and Qing Wang of the Marketing & Strategic and to reflect his love of the sport of rugby and his Welsh nationality, Management Group, both have been through the University's promotion a Welsh rugby shirt and Welsh rugby football signed by many WBS panels and are promoted to full Professor. Zoë Radnor of the Operations colleagues. Management Group was promoted to Associate Professor (Reader) earlier this year. Howard officially left at the end of January, to take up the role of Distinguished Professor of Strategic Management and Dean of the Lee In addition, Scott Dacko, Amanda Goodall, Loizos Heracleous, Keith Grint, Kong Chian School of Business at Singapore Management University. He Bob Johnston, Michael Mol – again!, Howard Thomas, Qing Wang, and has been made a WBS Emeritus Professor. David Wilson have all received recent and varied acknowledgements or prizes for their research and publications. for WBS … Warwick Business School has been fully reaccredited by the Association of MBAs (AMBA). The AMBA report confirmed that all our efforts to develop and improve our offering and services have been successful and AMBA’s recommendations were positive. In the rankings, we have again risen in the annual WhichMBA Guide, now branded as The Economist's ranking. WBS is now 22nd in the world, a rise of 9 places in 3 years. Professor Howard Thomas (centre) with colleagues David Wilson and John McGee at his farewell lunch
  • 7. WBS news nexus: spring 2010 7 programme news WBS with Cardiff and Manchester Business Schools – all top tier Undertaking their Practice of Management module, five MBA students at university-based business schools – signed up to work collaboratively WBS worked with the international peace building organisation CORD to on the Undergraduate Partnership Programme (UPP), developed by help develop their social networking programme. CORD, based close to The Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW). campus in the nearby town of Leamington Spa, has worked in the post- The UPP is designed to offer undergraduate students of accounting conflict field for 42 years in 26 major conflict zones. 'Communications and and finance the opportunity to gain work experience in a professional the world of new media are vital components of CORD's operation, and accountancy firm or similar business environment as part of their degree. offer huge potential to engage with more people in the work of building Dr Raymond Madden, Executive Director of Learning & Professional peace,' commented CORD’s Chief Executive Brian Wakley. Development at ICAEW, commented, ‘As we have seen so starkly, nobody is immune from the current economic climate and this initiative will help provide students with invaluable support to help them gain employment or further their education.’ An alternative way of studying for the MSc in Management – by blended learning – was launched in August with a start date of April 2010. This Masters course by full-time study took its first intake in 2006. WBS is an established leader in the provision of distance and blended learning programmes and is recognised as an innovator in online learning. The blended learning format will be taught by intelligent use of current technology, including the highly popular and successful wbsLive. wbsLive is a virtual classroom environment which offers audio, video, application sharing and content display to anyone with a computer and an internet connection. Using this system students will interact with the lecturer via text or voice in real time, carry out group work in online breakout rooms and present findings and make presentations live to other colleagues online. It will therefore build upon the tried and tested techniques of MBA students help CORD on Practice of Management module blended learning, enabling candidates to continue studying while already in employment or looking for work, during a career break, or even on vacation. Deloitte, the business advisory firm, is pioneering a new initiative from global conference to local with WBS to bring a real life systems integration consulting project to entrepreneurship pilot postgraduate students. MSc students on our Information Systems and Management course begin their academic year with a module designed The Warwick Global Conference jointly by Deloitte consultants and Warwick academics. series aims to provide an opportunity for global business The first cohort of the Warwick Diploma in Service Leadership, taught and political leaders, policy makers, by WBS faculty in Singapore at the prestigious Singapore Institute of and academics to examine some Management, has recently graduated with a record 100 per cent success of the most critical issues affecting rate. The third cohort of over 30 participants commenced study in July. business, economic and social growth. New Delhi was chosen to launch the Warwick Conference Series on Saturday 14 November 2009 and thanks to the sponsors, speakers and all attendees, the event was a great success. The WBS Development & Alumni Relations Office (DARO) and alumni took the opportunity to host several networking events in India before the conference. See the full report on P20. Business Link West Midlands announced a high profile ‘Business Transformation’ pilot in collaboration with WBS to support sustainable high growth and business transformation of small and medium-sized Warwick Diploma in Service Leadership graduates enterprises (SMEs) with high growth potential across the West Midlands. ‘This is an exciting initiative which will undoubtedly help hard-working Donations by Warwick Business School's ‘Friends of WBS’ have led to and potentially successful entrepreneurs. The resulting growth of the two awards being offered for MBA applicants in 2010 who suffer with participating firms will be of benefit to the West Midlands as a whole, and long-term disabilities. One totalling £2,500 is for Distance Learning MBA provide relevant, targeted and practical support to businesses which need applicants, and the other – a £10,200 scholarship for a Full-time MBA this kind of assistance in the current challenging times,’ said Professor participant with a long-term disability or with a dependent child or Roger Mumby-Croft of the Enterprise Hub at WBS. partner with a long-term disability. There is more news we do not have room to report in full – honours for our Honorary Professors, the annual Warwick Finance conference in London, Cornell-Warwick doctoral conference, MBA sailing reports, wbsLive goes live, to name but a few. See all our news at w www.wbs.ac.uk/news
  • 8. 8 nexus: spring 2010 research review A study by Dr Julia The Local Government Kotlarsky, ISM, acts Centre celebrated on evidence that its 21st anniversary Europe's CFOs and in autumn 2009, CIOs need help having contributed to communicate significantly to the the full return on School's profile and investment from ongoing research Julia Kotlarsky Gill Owen Xavier Lemaire Howard Davis outsourced business effort. The Centre has arrangements. Results of research by Cognizant Dr Gill Owen and Dr Xavier Lemaire, CMuR, recently been awarded a new research contract in conjunction with WBS, carried out among undertake research on sustainable energy from the Department for Environment, Food CIOs and CFOs across the UK, Germany, policy in developed and developing countries. and Rural Affairs (Defra) for work on Costs and Switzerland, Benelux, France and the Nordics, Over the past three years they have been efficiency savings to local authorities from new highlight how business leaders are not getting producing reviews of policy and regulation as roles and responsibilities arising from the Flood to grips with measuring the full financial impact it affects sustainable energy in a number of and Water Management Bill. This will be led of the outsourcing contracts they commission. regions of the world, with a particular focus on by Howard Davis, Acting Director, and Katrina ‘A combination of proven methodology, developing countries. Regions covered include: Ritters. industry expertise, and tight integration of Latin America; Eastern, Central and Southern business strategy into outsourcing objectives to Africa; Central and Eastern Europe. Their most Commissioned by the Institute of Customer effectively measure, improve and communicate recent review covered India – both at federal Service, an LGC research report entitled It’s outsourcing's true impact is required to ensure level and a state by state analysis. They are a culture thing – The challenge of change – outsourcing delivers on its promises,’ confirmed currently working on a similar review for China customer service in local government, examining Julia. and the Chinese provinces. Xavier is particularly the nature and development of customer w tinyurl.com/yakbxvj interested in off-grid regulation in rural areas service approaches in local government in the of developing countries, whilst Gill’s focus is on UK, has been attracting media interest. Professor Paul smart meters and smart grids. w tinyurl.com/yj4k3hs Stoneman, MSM, has w tinyurl.com/yls6eqs produced a report on Soft Innovation, published by National A project on Professor Joe Endowment for Improving the Nandhakumar, ISM, Science Technology capacity of healthcare has been awarded and the Arts organisations to funding under the Paul Stoneman act on evidence in Innovation Research (NESTA). The report patient safety aimed Initiative for an uncovers a picture of rapid innovative change to investigate the exploratory project of an aesthetic nature – what he terms 'soft practical problems on Valuing innovation: innovation'. Paul argues that current policy Davide Nicolini Joe Nandhakumar and available an exploratory study distorts the economy by supporting innovation solutions for healthcare practitioners doing of developing business models for 'serious' of a technological and functional nature, and Root Cause Analysis (RCA). RCA is a widely computer games. Professor Harry Scarbrough neglecting innovation of a soft kind. While used investigation methodology for reviewing and Dr Nikiforos Panourgias are also involved. recognising the increased levels of support patient safety incidents and preventing their 'Serious games' are products that seek to governments have given to the creative re-occurrence through producing organisational use the technologies of computer games industries in recent years, he calls for an learning. The research, the first of its kind in and the skills of computer game developers 'overhaul' of innovation policy to recognise soft the UK, was conducted by a multidisciplinary and designers to address the problems of for innovation activities both within and outside team led by Dr Davide Nicolini, IKON, and example, training and development, decision- the creative industries. w tinyurl.com/lqah78 funded by the EPSRC. It examined how RCA making, and organisational change, which face is applied in the aftermath of different types most businesses and organisations. The project of adverse events, the challenges it poses aims to contribute to theory development in New research from for the investigators and the organisation, this area by exploring the relevance of a new Dr Sue Bridgewater, whether it is perceived as useful, and whether theoretical framework – termed 'regimes of MSM, highlights the the recommendations generated through worth' – to an empirical study of two case- problems which occur the process impact generate organisational studies of serious games innovation. when football clubs learning. w tinyurl.com/y9enwnm w tinyurl.com/yk7vjug change managers. Popular myth would have it that In partnership with The scheme is a B2B voucher scheme designed Sue Bridgewater a football manager Aston Business School, to broker new partnerships between SMEs and ‘is never more than six games away from the CSME has recently creative firms and is located in Manchester. sack.’ Certainly, football managers tend to be won a three-year dismissed when they have had a poor run of contract to evaluate Professor Stephen Roper of WBS will be leading results – although occasionally the trigger may the Creative Credits on the econometric aspect of the evaluation, be pulled after a victory or may be prompted by Innovation Voucher supported by PhD student Lorraine Morley. something other than results. scheme being funded Stephen Roper w tinyurl.com/yas59v8 by NESTA. w tinyurl.com/yho8hj6
  • 9. research review nexus: spring 2010 9 Since June 2008, In the SOLAR unit, researchers from research is being WBS and the conducted into one Computer Science of three priority department led by areas, 'Security and Vladimir Deineko resilience'. In addition (ORMS) have been to the established working on designing large research project Paul Marginson Guglielmo Meardi Vladimir Deineko Bridgette Sullivan-Taylor optimal routes on organisational Professor Paul Marginson and Guglielmo for commercial waste collection services in resilience and how MNCs and SMEs are Meardi, IRRU, have compiled a report for Coventry City Council (CCC). The collaboration developing the capability to cope with strategic the online European Industrial Relations is supported by the EPSRC funding body and decision making under uncertainty, a new Observatory on the impact of multinational the centre for Discrete Mathematics and its project has begun which examines an increasing companies on collective bargaining over pay Applications (DIMAP). First results report that threat facing organisations working in emerging and conditions across the 27 member states application of new algorithms may lead up to markets and offshore locations (in the energy of the European Union. The report finds that 20 percent savings in transportation costs (fuel and other sectors). The project examines how under multi-employer bargaining arrangements consumption, use of vehicles, etc). organisations are managing body politics ie; MNCs have been a major source of pressure w www.warwick.ac.uk/go/dimap the risk of kidnapping and hostage taking in for decentralisation, giving greater scope for these locations and how intelligence is being company negotiation. Under single-employer For years WBS has used a special tool to shared between target organisations both off bargaining, MNCs often act as pacesetters. allocate students into equitable teams, and onshore. Anyone working in organisations MNCs make widespread use of cross-border to spread evenly students with different and locations facing these risks who would comparisons of costs and performance in local backgrounds, skills and cultural origins. The be interested in participating in this research negotiations in manufacturing. The result is combinatorial type algorithms behind the should contact implementation of cost-saving and flexibility- tool had been developed by Vladimir and PhD E Bridgette.Sullivan-Taylor@wbs.ac.uk enhancing measures, particularly in a context of student Thomas Ridd. Warwick Venture experts w www.wbs.ac.uk/faculty/research/solar.cfm company restructuring. Relocations, actual and are currently involved in the commercialisation threatened, heighten the coercive pressures on of this product. More information about WBS research can be local negotiators. found via the Press Centre in news and features w tinyurl.com/ye5kfen w www.balancedgroups.com w www.wbs.ac.uk/news connect, learn, develop – Recognising that learning and development never ends, have a look at the increased Warwick is now on iTunesU w www2.warwick.ac.uk/itunesu online number of short courses available through Executive education and the Careers team, Since the launch of your new alumni web site as well as some of the services run by the in July 2009, new services have been and will Development and Alumni Relations office. continue to be added as we seek to improve our w www.wbs.ac.uk/alumni/personaldevelopment service to you. Check out the media area where you can access an increasing library of podcasts Looking for a former classmate or new contact? and clips from previous events and activities Use our online directory to get back in touch around Warwick w www.wbs.ac.uk/alumni/directory w www.wbs.ac.uk/alumni/podcasts Link with over 3000 members on LinkedIn The new student page launched for induction Connect with the 2000 members on Facebook in October 2009, demonstrates our ongoing Follow us along with 400 followers on Twitter commitment to WBS students. Links to all the groups can be found at w www.wbs.ac.uk/alumni/students-class-reps w www.wbs.ac.uk/alumni contact details Pam Barnes Development & Alumni Ben Plummer-Powell In–house photography by John Weatherly Alumni Publications Officer Relations Administration Director of Development and Alumni Alumni Association t +44 (0)24 7652 4396 T +44 (0)24 7652 2813 Relations nexus is the magazine of the Alumni Warwick Business School e pam.barnes@wbs.ac.uk E alumni@wbs.ac.uk T +44(0)24 7652 4188 Association, Warwick Business School University of Warwick E ben.plummer-powell@wbs.ac.uk T +44 (0)24 7652 4306 Coventry CV4 7AL Alison Bond Ann Jackson United Kingdom Deputy Director, Development Development and Alumni Charlotte Wilkes The views contained in nexus are those of t +44 (0)24 7652 2813 and Alumni Relations Relations Officer Associate Director, Development contributors and not necessarily those of f +44 (0)24 7652 3719 T +44 (0)24 7652 4176 (International Affairs) T +44(0)24 7615 0075 Warwick Business School or the University E alumni@wbs.ac.uk E alison.bond@wbs.ac.uk T +44 (0)24 7652 8197 E charlotte.wilkes@wbs.ac.uk of Warwick W www.wbs.ac.uk/alumni E ann.jackson@wbs.ac.uk Design by Morse–Brown Design Kathryn Chedgzoy Jen Young w www.morsebrowndesign.co.uk Development and Alumni Tracy Lynch Development and Alumni Relations Relations Officer Development and Alumni Events and Office Co-ordinator (Corporate Affairs) Relations Officer T +44 (0) 24 7615 0171 T +44 (0)24 7615 0515 (Student & Regional Affairs) E jennifer.young@wbs.ac.uk E kathryn.chedgzoy@wbs.ac.uk T +44 (0)24 7652 8487 E tracy.lynch@wbs.ac.uk
  • 10. 10 nexus: spring 2010 energy the challenge of energy David Elmes, Academic Director, The Warwick Global Energy MBA, sets out the challenges facing the energy sector and introduces the ways in which teaching at WBS is tackling those challenges. As we are preparing articles on the energy Who's who and the roles that institutions are evolution of the industry and its role in society: industry for this edition of nexus, there is playing are also shifting. Countries that own the role of regulation, the development of daily speculation in the press on whether the energy resources look to do more themselves. the low carbon economy and the politics of UN Climate Change Summit in Copenhagen Previously, they might have relied on energy. We also look at how trading binds the will deliver a global deal on the emission of international companies headquartered in the industry together, how innovation is delivering greenhouse gases. By the time you read this, developed economies. Companies from China, alternative energies and how the industry you will know what was or was not agreed. India, Russia, Brazil, Malaysia, the Middle East finances and delivers the major capital and some African countries, now take key investments needed for progress. For WBS, the international diplomacy of roles across the industry. This is often in close climate change is part of a more fundamental collaboration with their governments who see The new modules extend the way MBA transition in the energy industry that energy as critical for economic development programmes have historically looked at the is changing management practices and and security. performance of a firm and now explore the rewriting the way the industry interacts with firm’s role in society. They involve faculty governments across the globe. In 2007, WBS from across Warwick who are teaching started to gather its thoughts and teaching on Energy is getting harder MBA modules for the first time on subjects the energy industry as part of the School’s aim as diverse as politics, regulation and the to understand the challenges that managers to develop and produce. economics of the low carbon society (see face in tackling global issues. This has now Professor Andrew Sentance’s separate article included the launch of The Warwick Global For the traditional oil and on P17). Energy MBA in May 2009 – a part time MBA gas resources, new finds are for people working in the industry that Professor Richard Higgott and Caroline combines the management education of the smaller and offer greater Kuzemko of the University of Warwick’s Warwick MBA with an understanding of the technical challenges while Department of Political and International challenges and opportunities that lie ahead for Studies, are highlighting how the international the energy industry. the major fields found in political economy influences the energy the past now face declining industry. ‘When people discuss the energy From extensive discussions with executives transition, they usually refer to the transition and alumni in the industry, we identified three production. from fossil fuels to energy sustainable on a themes that are combining to cause a more long term basis with lower carbon emissions. rapid transition for the energy industry than There are, however, closely associated and changes in the past: The third factor is the issue of climate change. important political questions circulating in the All of these changes in the industry need international political economy about what H Developing and providing energy is to be achieved within the constraints of the appropriate market, state and institutional becoming more difficult, both from changing the way energy is produced and conditions must be to ensure this transition. traditional or alternative sources consumed. The goal is much lower carbon emissions without halting economic growth The transition needs to take place in such a H The roles for companies, governments and and development. What this means is a very way that continuity and affordability of energy other institutions involved are changing different energy industry in the future from supply is maintained due to the vital domestic the hydrocarbon-focussed one that supported and commercial roles that energy plays. These H Climate change sets a challenging new economic growth during the 20th century. are highly significant questions with potentially framework for the industry drastic economic, social and political Together these factors lead to an industry implications. A study of recent economic and Energy is getting harder to develop and whose current pace of evolution leaves behind political transitions across Eastern Europe, produce. For the traditional oil and gas many traditional models of competition. particularly Russia, reveals just how uncertain resources, new finds are smaller and offer Managers face a more complicated landscape periods of transition can be, how much change greater technical challenges while the major where you have to understand multiple they can lead to and how outcomes can differ fields found in the past now face declining sources of energy, changing roles in the from initial intentions.’ production. For renewable and alternative industry and how addressing climate change energies, the plan is to develop significant will transform the industry. The new module on The Politics of Energy levels of energy production in a very short points out that during periods of steady and time. The plans to develop, deploy and scale- In developing the Warwick Global Energy MBA, affordable energy prices, net energy importer up renewable energy supplies reflect rates we are revising about three-quarters of the nations tend to expend less political capital on of growth rarely seen in capital intensive coursework used in the traditional Warwick securing energy supplies. During times of high industries. MBA programmes. New modules look at the and volatile pricing, however, energy crises are
  • 11. nexus: spring 2010 energy 11 re-born and consumer nations are reminded sustainable sources of energy. Gill and Xavier of the extent to which modern economies are recently attended the World Forum on Energy David Elmes is reliant on energy. Regulation where sessions covered a broad Academic Director of range of topics including energy security, the Warwick Global investment, competitiveness and affordability. Energy MBA and The role of regulation ‘There was a notable increase in the number of sessions devoted to renewable energy, Senior Teaching Fellow Warwick MBA at WBS. in the energy industry is energy efficiency, climate change and other David joined WBS after sustainability issues. The regional regulatory more than 20 years changing as governments associations from around the world agreed a working in the energy seek to influence supply, joint statement on climate change that was and management consulting industries. released at the Forum. In this statement they demand and the transition outlined their commitment to play a major role His focus is on the development and implementation of changes to sustainable sources of by overseeing the development of efficient that transform a company's performance and climate responsible energy markets.” including the changes in organisation, culture, energy capabilities and performance management that Regulators find themselves caught between enable and sustain new ways of working in ever- the evolving policy ambitions of governments changing circumstances. ‘Looking at the transitions ahead, concerns and companies’ need for a clear regulatory about climate change mean we now have a framework if they are to make the major, long Professor Richard number of politically stated goals, particularly lead-time investments required. Regulators Higgott is Pro- with regard to reducing CO2 emissions. Climate have to figure out how it will all work – ‘Several Vice Chancellor change academics challenge what they sessions dealt with the role of regulators in for Research perceive to be the ‘business-as-usual’ political implementing market mechanisms to achieve and Professor response to development of a sustainable a significant reduction of CO2 emissions. of International energy system. They argue for increased Political Economy at the University of political investment in facilitating the transition There was a reasonable consensus on the idea Warwick. Richard as the questions of who pays for the past that putting a price on CO2 emissions was not was Foundation and who invests in new technologies for the enough and that further energy policies are Director of the future can only be resolved at the political needed. A number of speakers were quite ESRC Centre for the level. The transition will be politically complex critical of the cap and trade mechanisms Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation at but fascinating. Innovative thinking across for various reasons. Some feared that such Warwick. He is also Senior Scientist and Director economic, political and social spectrums will a mechanism could lead to very high prices of the EU Framework 6 Network of Excellence be vital.’ for electricity, others feared that emissions on Global Governance, Regionalisation and trading schemes can produce carbon prices Regulation and a Senior Fellow in the Institute of Governance and Public Management at WBS. When domestic or international politics do that are too low or too unstable to incentivise He has particular expertise in the international reach points of agreement, governments enact investment in energy efficiency and renewable economics and politics of East Asia and the policies and establish regulatory structures energy.’ international economic institutions, especially to guide the energy industry. In another new the WTO. module focussed on Regulation, Dr Gill Owen, As the Warwick Global Energy MBA Dr Xavier Lamaire and Professor Martin Cave approaches its second intake, the challenges Dr Gill Owen is Senior use their experience from WBS’ Centre for of the energy industry continue to mix what Research Fellow Management under Regulation to highlight companies can do themselves with the role at the Centre for the management challenges of operating in they play in an evolving, more global society. Management under regulated industries such as energy. Through WBS’ teaching and research, we hope Regulation at WBS. to contribute a greater understanding of the Gill is a member of Gill and Xavier run a network called the management practices and policy-making the Competition Sustainable Energy Regulation Network on required for success. Commission; a non- behalf of the Renewable Energy and Energy executive member of Efficiency Partnership, an international NGO. We hope you enjoy the following perspectives the Ofgem Board; and a consultant on energy This network provides information to energy featuring alumni from across the industry and policy to government departments and energy regulators around the world on how policy do please contact us if you share our interest companies in the UK and overseas. She is also and regulation can facilitate the growth of in the Global Energy industry. a member of the Fuel Poverty Advisory Group renewable energy and energy efficiency. and Ofgem's Social Action Plan Review Group, For more information on the Warwick Global as well as being Policy and Regulation Adviser The role of regulation in the energy industry Energy MBA visit to the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency is changing as governments seek to influence Partnership (REEEP). supply, demand and the transition to W www.wbs.ac.uk/students/mba/global-energy
  • 12. 12 nexus: spring 2010 energy competitive markets and the home of the future Ian Peters (FTMBA 1988–90) Chief Operating Officer, British Gas, explains the key role of energy efficiency and the adoption of new technologies in a world of climate change. It is widely acknowledged that the UK energy It may seem counterintuitive that an energy market faces significant and unprecedented company helps its customers reduce their challenges in securing future energy supplies, consumption of energy. In fact, our 9,000 combating climate change and delivering engineers and network of training academies affordable energy to consumers. give us the unique ability to bring energy efficiency and microgeneration to the mass Declining reserves of North Sea gas mean that market. British Gas is the UK’s largest supplier gas imports are expected to rise 75 percent of energy efficiency. We have insulated over by 2015. One quarter of power stations are 1.5 million lofts and cavity walls in the last expected to close within the same period as five years, we are the UK’s leading supplier ageing plants and environment requirements of A-rated high efficiency boilers and we’re lead to accelerated closures. exploring new technologies in partnership with other companies such as developing a fuel cell Meanwhile the Government has set out a domestic boiler that produces both heat and comprehensive plan to cut UK emissions by electricity for homes. 34 percent by 2020 and at least 80 percent by 2050. To deliver this target they estimate that We also see the national roll out of smart 40 percent of the UK’s electricity will need to meters as key to helping customers understand be from low carbon sources by 2020 including a the energy they use. Smart meters display rise in electricity from renewables from 5 to 30 and record real time information on electricity percent. and gas consumption. The Government has committed that 46 million smart meters should Developing these energy sources requires be fitted into domestic customers homes by of partnerships that British Gas has established major investment – Ernst and Young estimates 2020. British Gas has already installed 60,000 – with a large number of charities, retail partners as much as £199bn by 2025. Companies must the largest programme in the UK. and local authorities, working on an ‘area-by- make a fair rate of return in order to make area’ basis like we are already doing in the new investments of this scale. Centrica alone has The key to making smart meters a success Community Energy Savings Programme (CESP) committed to investing £1.5bn a year in securing is building customer engagement to act on new energy supplies. In the last year, we have the information that a smart meter provides. In summary, the energy sector faces some invested £2.3bn for a 20 percent share in the Energy suppliers and installers must all play an significant challenges relating to UK security of nuclear operator British Energy, £750m on the active role in making Britain’s homes greener. supply, climate change and affordability. We Lincolnshire coast offshore wind farm and built Suppliers such as British Gas have the technical believe that competitive markets have delivered a new gas-fired power station at Langage near capability, the operational capacity, the financial so far and are best placed to meet these Plymouth at a cost of £400m. strength and the track record to deliver energy challenges going forward. It is essential that the makeovers at scale and with pace. consumer remains at the heart of what we do. The cost of supporting low carbon and network As part of that, we at British Gas are committed investment is growing by around 9 percent pa in We have just completed what we believe to be to maintaining our leading role in helping absolute terms and as a percent of customers’ the largest ever piece of research into customer our customers improve the efficiency of their bills. OFGEM, the energy regulator, has predicted energy consumption. We have analysed housing and to help them manage their energy bills will rise by up to 25 percent by 2015 in all 78 million meter readings between 2006 and bills in a higher priced environment. scenarios – with spikes of up to 60 percent. 2008 and correlating consumption savings with actions customers have taken to improve the Against this backdrop, energy efficiency and energy efficiency. Our data shows an average the author in minute the adoption of new technologies such as 21 percent reduction in gas consumption of 18 microgeneration boilers and solar photovoltaic percent for 300,000 customers every year for Ian’s responsibilities at British Gas include have an even greater role to play not only in whom we install insulation, and an average 21 offshore operations, metering and billing, debt reducing carbon emissions but also helping percent fall for the 100,000 customers every management, Centrica Group IS, Insurance, customers manage their energy bills. year for whom we install a new boiler. We British Gas Business, and ‘Energy First’, the believe that the relationship between customers largest customer facing residential energy Some 40 percent of emissions come from and their energy supplier has had the single business. He is also Chairman of British Gas homes. The UK’s Climate Change Committee biggest impact on energy savings on the UK. Services Ltd and a Trustee of two Centrica argues that some 10 million lofts and 7.5 million Pension Funds. With over 25 years experience in a variety of energy and financial services cavity walls need to be properly insulated by We all recognise that a further step-change in positions, Ian has gained expertise in strategy, 2015, and all the 12 million inefficient boilers in consumer behaviour is needed to meet our marketing, finance and business operations in a people's homes must be replaced by 2022 if the stretching carbon reduction targets. This will range of financial services companies. Government’s targets are to be met. require even more innovation such as the range
  • 13. nexus: spring 2010 energy 13 making the UK a world leader Nick Horler (DLMBA 1987–91) Chief Executive, ScottishPower, examines the competition for carbon capture and storage (CCS) and highlights the importance of leading the race. Two years ago, ScottishPower and 9 other Canada to deliver this crucial technology first companies entered a carbon capture and and not give away CCS like we gave away storage competition in the UK that was very nuclear or wind power? Comparing ourselves much at the cutting edge of what was then with projects across the globe, we will be the embryonic global development of carbon capturing CO2 from coal with a retrofit solution capture & storage (CCS). at a location able to access proven storage sites in the central North Sea. With just a few projects around the world then, the UK Government had taken a lead. The location also gives us access to a ready It recognised the need for a commercial CCS made skills base as hydrocarbon extraction solution to the challenges posed by climate declines and we have the partners and alliances change and the opportunities and advantages to share what we learn across the globe. Finally, of being the first mover. we have already started. Longannet is a real power station delivering power today. Our Back then, people understood there was carbon capture test rig has now been operating tremendous economic potential, and recent night and day for well over 2,000 hours. And our figures now bear out just how big this goal is to demonstrate full chain, full scale CCS opportunity actually is. The Department for by 2014 – a goal that leaves serious contenders Energy and Climate Change recently reported across Europe only just getting to the starting that clean coal technology could bring between blocks. two and four billion pounds a year into the UK economy by 2030, and support up to sixty We wholeheartedly back, support and applaud thousand jobs in engineering, manufacturing CCS and we at ScottishPower were down to the the UK Government’s path-finding role in the and procurement. last four. Here was a chance for the UK to lead journey towards global CCS. But let’s not just be the world in a brand new technology that could the first to demonstrate the technology but the make a significant positive impact on climate first to deliver and realise the potential of first change. We were delighted that our retrofit mover advantage. Our carbon capture test solution secured the early support of NGOs, in rig has now been operating particular the WWF. It is the competition that has got us this far and it is the competition that I believe will enable night and day for well over There are now in excess of 70 projects around us to show the world we can demonstrate and 2,000 hours. And our goal is the world today. Some are no more than discussions or vague feasibility studies. But deliver full scale CCS first. to demonstrate full chain, full others at first glance look like they’ve overtaken To learn more about CCS and our competition us in the race to deliver this vital technology. bid, visit w www.scottishpowerccs.tv scale CCS by 2014 – a goal that leaves serious contenders So where are we now in this global race? How does the UK now compare having raced out of the author in minute across Europe only just the blocks first? Let’s look at the facts. Recently, getting to the starting we at ScottishPower along with our consortium partners Aker Clean Carbon, Shell and Nick Horler was appointed ScottishPower CEO in June 2008 following a career in which he has blocks. National Grid submitted the final technical held senior strategic roles in major companies submission about our scheme for our coal fired both in the UK and abroad. His appointment power station at Longannet in Fife. It spelled follows the company's successful integration with With over 20,000 coal fired power stations out in detail what our CCS scheme will look like, Iberdrola, – one of the world's largest energy companies. ScottishPower has quickly become worldwide, developing a skilled CCS workforce, how much CO2 it will capture, by when and a principal engine of growth of the Iberdrola building on the North Sea offshore skills, could crucially what it will cost. E.ON did the same, Group, employing over 10,000 people in the make the UK the centre of excellence for and with RWE deciding not to submit, we are generation, transmission and retail of energy in this technology, creating tremendous export now one of the final two companies in the the UK. potential for UK PLC in a post-recession, low- competition. We will hear early this year who carbon world. gets the green light for the final phase of the Before joining ScottishPower, Nick was Executive competition, which will run through the best Director of E.ON UK PLC and had held other A year later and the pace was beginning to hot part of 2010. senior executive positions in that group for more up with 5 fully integrated projects around the than 10 years. Prior to this he spent twelve years globe. The government’s competition ensured But will that be enough on the global stage? with Phillips Petroleum (now ConocoPhillips). that the UK still held a strong lead in developing Can we ultimately beat France, the US and
  • 14. 14 nexus: spring 2010 energy a ‘more electric’ automotive landscape Dr Henri Winand (MMBA 1999–2003), Chief Executive, Intelligent Energy Holdings PLC, explores the vehicle technologies needed to address future transportation needs. Diversification of transportation fuels the successful introduction of hydrogen-fed fuel According to the International Energy Agency’s cell vehicles to market, targeting the year 2015. latest World Energy Outlook, today’s worldwide transportation industry is over 90 per cent Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs), Battery Electric dependent on oil. The introduction of hydrogen Vehicles (BEVs) and consumer attitudes as a transport fuel for use in fuel cell hybrid When pure BEVs and FCVs are compared, it is or other hydrogen vehicles would increase worth considering the infrastructure to support diversity of supply as well as reduce the carbon them and consumers’ behaviour in selecting footprint of the sector. A recent report from and using their vehicles. The ‘refuelling’ time the US National Research Council suggests required to charge a pure BEV is much longer that hydrogen fuel cell vehicles could lead to a than needed to refuel vehicles with petrol, reduction in gasoline consumption of as much diesel, compressed natural gas (CNG) or as 50 per cent by 2035, reducing CO2 emissions hydrogen. While FCVs will need a hydrogen from light duty vehicle transportation by a fuelling infrastructure, this can be a hub- similar level. and-spoke supply network similar to how oil and gas is supplied today. Whether BEVs are A portfolio of vehicle technologies supported by home recharging points, curb-side A portfolio of vehicle technologies is needed to recharging points or battery swapping systems, address future transportation needs. There are a highly networked and distributed recharging roles for battery only electric vehicles, plug- infrastructure is needed that requires larger in hybrid electric vehicles, gasoline or diesel capital outlays and attracts larger operational hybrids as well as fuel cell hybrid vehicles. and maintenance costs. Pure battery electric vehicles (BEVs) are getting The way consumers buy and use their cars a lot of attention right now, but they are not a is often ignored when looking at pure BEVs. realistic option for the long-term transformation Where consumers have the opportunity to of how we think about energy and clean recharge at home in their own garages, as in serve a wider combination of transport needs transport. Distance per recharge and time to the USA, the land available on a per capita and consumer preferences. The solution is a recharge will always be challenges. Most fuel basis means they also drive further than in portfolio approach to cleaner and more efficient cell vehicles (FCVs) use batteries alongside regions such as Europe where houses are transport with hydrogen playing a central role. the fuel cells in what are essentially hybrid usually smaller with more street-based parking. Not a pure ‘electric’ transport system, but a power systems – batteries and fuel cells are Therefore, geographies where people have ‘more electric’ transport system. complementary technologies. the space to charge at home involve longer commuting distances and so the range of BEVs Fuel cell hybrid vehicles are the best technology becomes a concern. Where people have shorter the author in minute to simultaneously address emissions, air commutes, space for curb-side BEV recharging quality and energy security concerns in a cost reaches saturation. Dr Henri Winand joined the Board of Intelligent competitive and scalable manner. Moreover, Energy Holdings PLC as Chief Executive in this can be achieved in vehicles that deliver Strategies for the rapid take-up of alternative September 2006. He was most recently Vice similar performance in terms of range and vehicle technologies often ignore the fact that President of Corporate Venturing at Rolls-Royce consumers purchase vehicles with mobility PLC, the power systems provider for land, sea refuelling time to today’s combustion engine and air. During his time with Rolls-Royce, Henri vehicles. These are critical factors that freedom in mind. Having to plan one’s journey managed a power systems business, introduced consumers and fleet customers consider when around the operational needs of a pure BEV new manufacturing technologies into the group making their purchasing decisions and which will require significant customer education. and was responsible for defining and supervising cannot be ignored in ensuring prompt market This is often slow, costly and dependent the implementation of strategies for deriving take-up. upon sustained and consistent government additional value from the group’s technology incentives to achieve a complex shift in modes assets. This is a view shared by the leading automotive of transport. companies. Major car makers Honda, Toyota, Intelligent Energy is a privately held clean power and Daimler all recently made announcements In summary systems company serving the transportation, on when FCV commercial production will Pure BEVs have a particular niche in our oil and gas, aerospace, defence, distributed begin. Furthermore, in September 2009, a future transportation system: large cities generation and portable power markets. Intelligent Energy addresses these markets using memorandum of understanding was signed by where consumers have the opportunity to its proprietary fuel cell and hydrogen generation Daimler, Ford, General Motors, Honda, Hyundai, recharge at home, at work and on the curb- technologies. Kia, Renault, Nissan and Toyota to cooperate on side and where range is not an issue. FCVs w www.intelligent-energy.com