SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 24
REPORTING ON
MANIPULATION OF INTERNET PUBLIC OPINION
BY SOUTH KOREA’S SPY AGENCY
BEFORE 2012 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

KCIJ-NEWSTAPA.ORG
OUTLINE

Alleged online smear campaign
by the National Intelligence Service (NIS)
to influence the 2012 presidential election
OUTLINE

Some 600 Twitter accounts
used by spy agents detected

A network of 10 groups confirmed

Major Twitter account holders
confirmed as spy agents
OUTLINE

KCIJ reporting used as strong evidence by prosecutors,
prompting indictment of former NIS chief
Online smear campaign conducted
on online forum website “Today Humor”
by an NIS official surnamed Kim uncovered
NIS explanation :
normal anti-North Korean
psychological campaign
REASONABLE DOUBTS
 It couldn‟t be done alone if it really were a normal operation
 It must have been conducted on other websites as well
 Googled some 100 postings on the website “Today Humor”
 Found online postings with similar contents on Twitter,
written during the same period
Traced Twitter accounts that retweeted the online postings.
A total of 65 Twitter accounts uncovered



Criticizing North Korea, promoting government policies, denouncing opposition parties, etc
Twitter postings coincide with online postings on “Today Humor”





Online posting activities stopped simultaneously
on Dec 11, 2012, the day when an NIS official was caught
Confirmed core Twitter accounts
that mainly produced contents without retweeting : nudlenudle, taesan4
First reporting on Mar 15, 2013
Twitter account holders which remained active
before the first reporting deleted postings or withdrew
Revelation by an opposition lawmaker about orders
made by former NIS chief to meddle in politics
(Mar 18, 2013)
Confirmed online postings
made by suspected Twitter accounts
in line with the orders
Confirmed 600 suspicious Twitter accounts
Retrieved postings made by deleted Twitter accounts

Collected Tweets from weblog with the use of crawler
Succeeded in collecting 280,000 postings
from some 450 Twitter accounts
Obtained information about content producers,
retweeters as well as postings and dates.
NETWORK ANALYSIS





Analyzed relations among retweets
Completed making a network map with Twitter accounts with more than 10 retweets
Calculated with the help of “MODULARITY” on SNA analysis program
CONFIRMED

10

MAJOR
GROUPS

Composed of at least 10 core Twitter accounts (producers),
remaining supporting accounts (messengers), and Twitter bots
KEYWORD
ANALYSIS
Sorting Tweets according to
„Morphological Analysis‟

15%

of Twitter postings confirmed to
be related to presidential election
DISTRIBUTION MAP OF
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION-RELATED TWEETS
Remaining problem :
Lack of compelling evidence that confirms
Twitter account holders as NIS officials

Difficulty :
Need to obtain information
about the identities of Twitter accounts holders
from Twitter headquarters in the U.S.
EMBARKED ON THE PROCESS OF
IDENTIFYING THE TWITTER ACCOUNT HOLDERS





Use of e-mail address when registering a Twitter account
Possibility of using e-mail accounts from local portal sites
Entered some 660 IDs into the account registration section of major portal sites
Found same 160 IDs
SEARCHED E-MAIL ADDRESS
THAT HAVE THE SAME IDS
THROUGH PEOPLE SEARCH WEBSITES





Confirmed real names of account holders with unique IDs
Major account “nudlenudle” included
Confirmed the identity of a 43-year-old man surnamed Lee
His bio introduced him as a Korean Air captain, but Korean Air confirmed it as a lie
Confirmed through multiple sources
that Lee is a member of a warfare psychological team of the NIS
Reported that the major Twitter account
belongs to the NIS official, Lee, on May 17, 2013
INFLUENCE AND CONSEQUENCES
OF THE REPORTING
The main opposition Democratic Party reported Lee
to the prosecutors’ office on charges of violating NIS and election laws
INFLUENCE AND CONSEQUENCES
OF THE REPORTING
Prosecutors started a probe into social network sites
- Searched big data companies
- Requested the U.S. for judicial cooperation
INFLUENCE AND CONSEQUENCES
OF THE REPORTING
Prosecutors indicted former NIS chief Won Se-hoon
for violating election laws on June 17, 2013
- Secured some 320 Tweets suspected of meddling in the presidential
election
- Tracing the identities related to some 400 accounts accused of having
been used by NIS officials (70 percent of such accounts coincide with the
Twitter accounts revealed by our reporting)
- Confirmed the creation of a separate team in Feb 2012 to strengthen
the SNS activities of the warfare psychological team of the NIS
THE SIGNIFICANCE
 Revealed the secret, organized online smear campaigns
by the NIS to meddle in the presidential election
 First reporting based on SNS data collection and analysis

More Related Content

Similar to Reporting on Manipulation of Internet Public Opinion by South Korea’s Spy Agency Before 2012 Presidential Election

The Guardians article​ ​‘I made Steve Bannon’s psychological .docx
The Guardians article​ ​‘I made Steve Bannon’s psychological .docxThe Guardians article​ ​‘I made Steve Bannon’s psychological .docx
The Guardians article​ ​‘I made Steve Bannon’s psychological .docx
rtodd33
 
Engaging In Chinese Social Media - Best Practice In China's Social Media
Engaging In Chinese Social Media - Best Practice In China's Social MediaEngaging In Chinese Social Media - Best Practice In China's Social Media
Engaging In Chinese Social Media - Best Practice In China's Social Media
Dr. William J. Ward
 

Similar to Reporting on Manipulation of Internet Public Opinion by South Korea’s Spy Agency Before 2012 Presidential Election (13)

Звіт Facebook
Звіт FacebookЗвіт Facebook
Звіт Facebook
 
Chung-Jui LAI - Polarization of Political Opinion by News Media
Chung-Jui LAI - Polarization of Political Opinion by News MediaChung-Jui LAI - Polarization of Political Opinion by News Media
Chung-Jui LAI - Polarization of Political Opinion by News Media
 
CRITICS #flushyourmeds
CRITICS #flushyourmedsCRITICS #flushyourmeds
CRITICS #flushyourmeds
 
The Guardians article​ ​‘I made Steve Bannon’s psychological .docx
The Guardians article​ ​‘I made Steve Bannon’s psychological .docxThe Guardians article​ ​‘I made Steve Bannon’s psychological .docx
The Guardians article​ ​‘I made Steve Bannon’s psychological .docx
 
How to Effectively Engage with Your Target Audience Online
How to Effectively Engage with Your Target Audience OnlineHow to Effectively Engage with Your Target Audience Online
How to Effectively Engage with Your Target Audience Online
 
NSA Tweets Rohit kumar
NSA Tweets Rohit kumarNSA Tweets Rohit kumar
NSA Tweets Rohit kumar
 
Unmask the arzeshi
Unmask the arzeshiUnmask the arzeshi
Unmask the arzeshi
 
JRN 450 - Attack on Democracy
JRN 450 - Attack on DemocracyJRN 450 - Attack on Democracy
JRN 450 - Attack on Democracy
 
Fake news and fact finding
Fake news and fact findingFake news and fact finding
Fake news and fact finding
 
Manipulating social media report compressed
Manipulating social media report compressedManipulating social media report compressed
Manipulating social media report compressed
 
Engaging In Chinese Social Media - Best Practice In China's Social Media
Engaging In Chinese Social Media - Best Practice In China's Social MediaEngaging In Chinese Social Media - Best Practice In China's Social Media
Engaging In Chinese Social Media - Best Practice In China's Social Media
 
JRN 450 - Attacking Democracy
JRN 450 - Attacking DemocracyJRN 450 - Attacking Democracy
JRN 450 - Attacking Democracy
 
Research Propsal 1
Research Propsal 1Research Propsal 1
Research Propsal 1
 

Recently uploaded

Forbes Senior Contributor Billy Bambrough Master of Tech Journalism.pdf
Forbes Senior Contributor Billy Bambrough  Master of Tech Journalism.pdfForbes Senior Contributor Billy Bambrough  Master of Tech Journalism.pdf
Forbes Senior Contributor Billy Bambrough Master of Tech Journalism.pdf
UK Journal
 

Recently uploaded (9)

11052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf11052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Forbes Senior Contributor Billy Bambrough Master of Tech Journalism.pdf
Forbes Senior Contributor Billy Bambrough  Master of Tech Journalism.pdfForbes Senior Contributor Billy Bambrough  Master of Tech Journalism.pdf
Forbes Senior Contributor Billy Bambrough Master of Tech Journalism.pdf
 
Income Tax Regime Dilemma – New VS. Old pdf
Income Tax Regime Dilemma – New VS. Old pdfIncome Tax Regime Dilemma – New VS. Old pdf
Income Tax Regime Dilemma – New VS. Old pdf
 
Top^Clinic ^%[+27785538335__Safe*Women's clinic//Abortion Pills In Musina
Top^Clinic ^%[+27785538335__Safe*Women's clinic//Abortion Pills In MusinaTop^Clinic ^%[+27785538335__Safe*Women's clinic//Abortion Pills In Musina
Top^Clinic ^%[+27785538335__Safe*Women's clinic//Abortion Pills In Musina
 
12052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf12052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Indian Economy: The Challenge Ahead Since India gained
Indian Economy: The Challenge Ahead Since India gainedIndian Economy: The Challenge Ahead Since India gained
Indian Economy: The Challenge Ahead Since India gained
 
Press-Information-Bureau-14-given-citizenship.pdf
Press-Information-Bureau-14-given-citizenship.pdfPress-Information-Bureau-14-given-citizenship.pdf
Press-Information-Bureau-14-given-citizenship.pdf
 
Decentralisation and local government in India
Decentralisation and local government in IndiaDecentralisation and local government in India
Decentralisation and local government in India
 
Analyzing Nepal's Third Investment Summit.pdf
Analyzing Nepal's Third Investment Summit.pdfAnalyzing Nepal's Third Investment Summit.pdf
Analyzing Nepal's Third Investment Summit.pdf
 

Reporting on Manipulation of Internet Public Opinion by South Korea’s Spy Agency Before 2012 Presidential Election

  • 1. REPORTING ON MANIPULATION OF INTERNET PUBLIC OPINION BY SOUTH KOREA’S SPY AGENCY BEFORE 2012 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION KCIJ-NEWSTAPA.ORG
  • 2. OUTLINE Alleged online smear campaign by the National Intelligence Service (NIS) to influence the 2012 presidential election
  • 3. OUTLINE Some 600 Twitter accounts used by spy agents detected A network of 10 groups confirmed Major Twitter account holders confirmed as spy agents
  • 4. OUTLINE KCIJ reporting used as strong evidence by prosecutors, prompting indictment of former NIS chief
  • 5. Online smear campaign conducted on online forum website “Today Humor” by an NIS official surnamed Kim uncovered
  • 6. NIS explanation : normal anti-North Korean psychological campaign
  • 7. REASONABLE DOUBTS  It couldn‟t be done alone if it really were a normal operation  It must have been conducted on other websites as well
  • 8.  Googled some 100 postings on the website “Today Humor”  Found online postings with similar contents on Twitter, written during the same period
  • 9. Traced Twitter accounts that retweeted the online postings. A total of 65 Twitter accounts uncovered   Criticizing North Korea, promoting government policies, denouncing opposition parties, etc Twitter postings coincide with online postings on “Today Humor”
  • 10.     Online posting activities stopped simultaneously on Dec 11, 2012, the day when an NIS official was caught Confirmed core Twitter accounts that mainly produced contents without retweeting : nudlenudle, taesan4 First reporting on Mar 15, 2013 Twitter account holders which remained active before the first reporting deleted postings or withdrew
  • 11. Revelation by an opposition lawmaker about orders made by former NIS chief to meddle in politics (Mar 18, 2013) Confirmed online postings made by suspected Twitter accounts in line with the orders Confirmed 600 suspicious Twitter accounts
  • 12. Retrieved postings made by deleted Twitter accounts Collected Tweets from weblog with the use of crawler Succeeded in collecting 280,000 postings from some 450 Twitter accounts Obtained information about content producers, retweeters as well as postings and dates.
  • 13. NETWORK ANALYSIS    Analyzed relations among retweets Completed making a network map with Twitter accounts with more than 10 retweets Calculated with the help of “MODULARITY” on SNA analysis program
  • 14. CONFIRMED 10 MAJOR GROUPS Composed of at least 10 core Twitter accounts (producers), remaining supporting accounts (messengers), and Twitter bots
  • 15. KEYWORD ANALYSIS Sorting Tweets according to „Morphological Analysis‟ 15% of Twitter postings confirmed to be related to presidential election
  • 16. DISTRIBUTION MAP OF PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION-RELATED TWEETS
  • 17. Remaining problem : Lack of compelling evidence that confirms Twitter account holders as NIS officials Difficulty : Need to obtain information about the identities of Twitter accounts holders from Twitter headquarters in the U.S.
  • 18. EMBARKED ON THE PROCESS OF IDENTIFYING THE TWITTER ACCOUNT HOLDERS     Use of e-mail address when registering a Twitter account Possibility of using e-mail accounts from local portal sites Entered some 660 IDs into the account registration section of major portal sites Found same 160 IDs
  • 19. SEARCHED E-MAIL ADDRESS THAT HAVE THE SAME IDS THROUGH PEOPLE SEARCH WEBSITES     Confirmed real names of account holders with unique IDs Major account “nudlenudle” included Confirmed the identity of a 43-year-old man surnamed Lee His bio introduced him as a Korean Air captain, but Korean Air confirmed it as a lie
  • 20. Confirmed through multiple sources that Lee is a member of a warfare psychological team of the NIS Reported that the major Twitter account belongs to the NIS official, Lee, on May 17, 2013
  • 21. INFLUENCE AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE REPORTING The main opposition Democratic Party reported Lee to the prosecutors’ office on charges of violating NIS and election laws
  • 22. INFLUENCE AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE REPORTING Prosecutors started a probe into social network sites - Searched big data companies - Requested the U.S. for judicial cooperation
  • 23. INFLUENCE AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE REPORTING Prosecutors indicted former NIS chief Won Se-hoon for violating election laws on June 17, 2013 - Secured some 320 Tweets suspected of meddling in the presidential election - Tracing the identities related to some 400 accounts accused of having been used by NIS officials (70 percent of such accounts coincide with the Twitter accounts revealed by our reporting) - Confirmed the creation of a separate team in Feb 2012 to strengthen the SNS activities of the warfare psychological team of the NIS
  • 24. THE SIGNIFICANCE  Revealed the secret, organized online smear campaigns by the NIS to meddle in the presidential election  First reporting based on SNS data collection and analysis