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Solutions to heat gain by using passive design to achieve
thermal comfort in Belum Rainforest Resort (Phase 1 and
Phase 2)
Research Question(s):
1. What is contextual and vernacular architecture? And how is it applied in
Belum Rainforest Resort?
2. How does the orientation of buildings affect heat gain and how is it utilized
to aid in achieving thermal comfort?
3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how does it reduce
heat gain?
4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are considered to be
sustainable and what can they do to aid in achieving thermal comfort?
5. How does the architect maximize the ventilation in order to achieve thermal
comfort?
1. What is contextual and vernacular architecture? And how is it applied in
Belum Rainforest Resort?
• Contexual
• Each building
orientated
according to
micoclimate
• To utilize light and
wind
• Vernacular
• Adapting methods of orang asli
• To achieve maximum ventilation
1. What is contextual and vernacular architecture? And how is it applied in
Belum Rainforest Resort?
Belum Rainforest Resort (Phase 1)
• How does the resort solve heat gain problem
Pitch roofs Ventilation tunnel Bamboo cladding Vines
Belum Rainforest Resort (Phase 2)
Passive Designs Belum Rainforest Resort Heat Gain
Issue:
Material
Ventilation
Roof Structure
Orientation
2. How does the orientation of buildings affect heat gain and
how is it utilized to aid in achieving thermal comfort?
2. How does the orientation of buildings affect heat gain and
how is it utilized to aid in achieving thermal comfort?
2. How does the orientation of
buildings affect heat gain and how is it
utilized to aid in achieving thermal
comfort?
3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how
does it reduce heat gain?
3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how
does it reduce heat gain?
DOUBLE SKIN ROOF SYSTEM
The double skin roofing system is a high
performance system comprising of a metal
sheet on the top and a metal trapezoidal tray
at the bottom.
http://www.rockwoolasia.com/products/residential+and+co
mmercial+buildings/single+-c12-
+double+skin+roof+solutions
Second Roof
3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how
does it reduce heat gain?
3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how
does it reduce heat gain?
3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how
does it reduce heat gain?
3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how
does it reduce heat gain?
3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how
does it reduce heat gain?
TO THE ROOF TOP
4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are
considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in
achieving thermal comfort?
• What is sustainable material?
• Locally produced / sourced
• Transport cost + environmental impact
• Recyclability
• Waste and pollution generated
• Toxic emmisions
4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are
considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in
achieving thermal comfort?
4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are
considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in
achieving thermal comfort?
• Main ones:
• Timber
• Bamboo
• Rammed earth
• Salvaged bricks
4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are
considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in
achieving thermal comfort?
• Bamboo
• Resisting water and lightweight
• Save cost from coating
• Save cost from handling because easy to
cut
4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are
considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in
achieving thermal comfort?
• Salvaged Bricks
• Save cost
• Greenhouse gases from transportation are
reduced
• Harmful gases and waste are produced when
making new bricks
4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are
considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in
achieving thermal comfort?
• Rammed earth
• Thermal mass
• Absorbs heat well
• Blocking large amount of heat from sunlight
4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are
considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in
achieving thermal comfort?
• Concrete
• High thermal mass
• Decrease amount of heat gain
• Grow vines on concrete will reduce heat gain
• It reduces solar heat gain
• Slowing down the building heating process
4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are
considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in
achieving thermal comfort?
• Timber
• Thermal insulator
• Has empty cell walls which consists of
little air that reduce heat transfer
• Many timber are used so heat is hard
to penetrate through them
5. How does the architect maximize the ventilation in order to
achieve thermal comfort?
5. How does the architect maximize the ventilation in order to
achieve thermal comfort?
5. How does the architect maximize the ventilation in order to
achieve thermal comfort?
5. How does the architect maximize the ventilation in order to
achieve thermal comfort?

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Solutions to heat gain by using passive design

  • 1. Solutions to heat gain by using passive design to achieve thermal comfort in Belum Rainforest Resort (Phase 1 and Phase 2) Research Question(s): 1. What is contextual and vernacular architecture? And how is it applied in Belum Rainforest Resort? 2. How does the orientation of buildings affect heat gain and how is it utilized to aid in achieving thermal comfort? 3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how does it reduce heat gain? 4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in achieving thermal comfort? 5. How does the architect maximize the ventilation in order to achieve thermal comfort?
  • 2. 1. What is contextual and vernacular architecture? And how is it applied in Belum Rainforest Resort? • Contexual • Each building orientated according to micoclimate • To utilize light and wind
  • 3. • Vernacular • Adapting methods of orang asli • To achieve maximum ventilation 1. What is contextual and vernacular architecture? And how is it applied in Belum Rainforest Resort?
  • 4. Belum Rainforest Resort (Phase 1) • How does the resort solve heat gain problem Pitch roofs Ventilation tunnel Bamboo cladding Vines
  • 6. Passive Designs Belum Rainforest Resort Heat Gain Issue: Material Ventilation Roof Structure Orientation
  • 7. 2. How does the orientation of buildings affect heat gain and how is it utilized to aid in achieving thermal comfort?
  • 8. 2. How does the orientation of buildings affect heat gain and how is it utilized to aid in achieving thermal comfort?
  • 9. 2. How does the orientation of buildings affect heat gain and how is it utilized to aid in achieving thermal comfort?
  • 10. 3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how does it reduce heat gain?
  • 11. 3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how does it reduce heat gain? DOUBLE SKIN ROOF SYSTEM The double skin roofing system is a high performance system comprising of a metal sheet on the top and a metal trapezoidal tray at the bottom. http://www.rockwoolasia.com/products/residential+and+co mmercial+buildings/single+-c12- +double+skin+roof+solutions Second Roof
  • 12. 3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how does it reduce heat gain?
  • 13. 3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how does it reduce heat gain?
  • 14. 3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how does it reduce heat gain?
  • 15. 3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how does it reduce heat gain?
  • 16. 3. What are the significance of the roof structure used and how does it reduce heat gain? TO THE ROOF TOP
  • 17. 4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in achieving thermal comfort? • What is sustainable material? • Locally produced / sourced • Transport cost + environmental impact • Recyclability • Waste and pollution generated • Toxic emmisions
  • 18. 4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in achieving thermal comfort?
  • 19. 4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in achieving thermal comfort? • Main ones: • Timber • Bamboo • Rammed earth • Salvaged bricks
  • 20. 4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in achieving thermal comfort? • Bamboo • Resisting water and lightweight • Save cost from coating • Save cost from handling because easy to cut
  • 21. 4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in achieving thermal comfort? • Salvaged Bricks • Save cost • Greenhouse gases from transportation are reduced • Harmful gases and waste are produced when making new bricks
  • 22. 4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in achieving thermal comfort? • Rammed earth • Thermal mass • Absorbs heat well • Blocking large amount of heat from sunlight
  • 23. 4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in achieving thermal comfort? • Concrete • High thermal mass • Decrease amount of heat gain • Grow vines on concrete will reduce heat gain • It reduces solar heat gain • Slowing down the building heating process
  • 24. 4. In terms of contextual climate, what materials are considered to be sustainable and what can they do to aid in achieving thermal comfort? • Timber • Thermal insulator • Has empty cell walls which consists of little air that reduce heat transfer • Many timber are used so heat is hard to penetrate through them
  • 25. 5. How does the architect maximize the ventilation in order to achieve thermal comfort?
  • 26. 5. How does the architect maximize the ventilation in order to achieve thermal comfort?
  • 27. 5. How does the architect maximize the ventilation in order to achieve thermal comfort?
  • 28. 5. How does the architect maximize the ventilation in order to achieve thermal comfort?