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Social and ecological attributes
of marine recreational fisheries
in the Euroregion Galicia-
Northern Portugal
8th WRFC. Victoria, 16-20 July 2017
PABLO PITA, PEDRO GOMES, KIERAN HYDER, CRISTINA PITA, MAFALDA RANGEL,
PEDRO VEIGA, JOSÉ VINGADA, SEBASTIÁN VILLASANTE
Background and objectives
• Concerns about the impact of Marine Recreational
Fishing (MRF).
• Economic contribution of MRF.
• Little research has been conducted on MRF in Atlantic
Southern Europe.
• Complex socioecological environments.
• More data on MRF is needed to support management
decisions.
• We analyzed social, economic and ecological relevance
of MRF in the Euroregion Galicia-Northern Portugal.
Methodology
• On-line questionnaire for the different MRF
modalities.
• Study disseminated among stakeholders and
recreational/sport fishing networks.
• Questions:
– Ecology: trends and factors influencing abundances.
– Fishery: gears, species, effort and catches.
– Social: education, occupation, age, sex and
complementarity with other activities.
– Economy: costs and expenditures.
Results
Questionnaires
Modality
Nationality Gear
Portuguese Spanish Other Handline Rod Speargun
Boat 6 100 1 39 50 27
Shore 10 177 2 1 162 28
Licenses
Sources: Fishing licenses in 2015: Portugal (continent): www.dgrm.mm.gov.pt; Galicia: Xunta de Galicia.
Zone
Modality
Total Population Ratio
Shore Boat Spearfishing Other
Galicia 59692 0 2584 - 62276 2732347 2.28
Portugal 112467 64171 9721 3458 189817 9839140 1.93
Ecology: abundances
Relevance of the factors that govern the presence and abundance of fish species
0=very low; 2=very high
Ecology: trends in catches
Average catches per day at the start of your activity and nowadays
Fishery: species captured
What species do you catch, and percentage of the total?
Fishery: fishing season
What is your season (months) of fishing (in the last 5 years)?
Fishery: effort and catches
Hours per day
Modality
Nationality Gear
Portuguese Spanish Handline Rod Speargun
Boat 6.5 4.0 3.9 4.3 3.0
Shore 5.0 4.6 - 5.3 -
Days per month
Modality
Nationality Gear
Portuguese Spanish Handline Rod Speargun
Boat 5.9 8.3 8.4 8.5 10.3
Shore 5.8 15.1 - 18.8 -
Catch per day (Kg)
Modality
Nationality Gear
Portuguese Spanish Handline Rod Speargun
Boat 7.6 3.3 3.0 3.1 4.0
Shore - 3.9 1.5 5.3 3.2
Demography: age, family, education
Familymembers(N)
NR/DK= No response/Don’t know
Alone
Family
Friends
Sociology: organization and fishing
preferences
Do you feel represented by your Federation / club or organization?
Have you had an accident when fishing? Did you require hospitalization?
Economy: boat features
Economy: boat expenditures
Average annual expenditure (last 5 years) in:
Economy: fishing expenditures
Average annual expenditure (last 5 years) in:
Discussion
• Coverage.
• Biases: avidity, recall.
• Next steps: scaling to general
population.
• Relevance of the activity in ecology
and socioeconomy.
Thank you!
Email: pablo.pita@usc.es

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Social and ecological attributes of marine recreational fisheries in the Euroregion Galicia-Northern Portugal

  • 1. Social and ecological attributes of marine recreational fisheries in the Euroregion Galicia- Northern Portugal 8th WRFC. Victoria, 16-20 July 2017 PABLO PITA, PEDRO GOMES, KIERAN HYDER, CRISTINA PITA, MAFALDA RANGEL, PEDRO VEIGA, JOSÉ VINGADA, SEBASTIÁN VILLASANTE
  • 2. Background and objectives • Concerns about the impact of Marine Recreational Fishing (MRF). • Economic contribution of MRF. • Little research has been conducted on MRF in Atlantic Southern Europe. • Complex socioecological environments. • More data on MRF is needed to support management decisions. • We analyzed social, economic and ecological relevance of MRF in the Euroregion Galicia-Northern Portugal.
  • 3. Methodology • On-line questionnaire for the different MRF modalities. • Study disseminated among stakeholders and recreational/sport fishing networks. • Questions: – Ecology: trends and factors influencing abundances. – Fishery: gears, species, effort and catches. – Social: education, occupation, age, sex and complementarity with other activities. – Economy: costs and expenditures.
  • 5. Questionnaires Modality Nationality Gear Portuguese Spanish Other Handline Rod Speargun Boat 6 100 1 39 50 27 Shore 10 177 2 1 162 28 Licenses Sources: Fishing licenses in 2015: Portugal (continent): www.dgrm.mm.gov.pt; Galicia: Xunta de Galicia. Zone Modality Total Population Ratio Shore Boat Spearfishing Other Galicia 59692 0 2584 - 62276 2732347 2.28 Portugal 112467 64171 9721 3458 189817 9839140 1.93
  • 6. Ecology: abundances Relevance of the factors that govern the presence and abundance of fish species 0=very low; 2=very high
  • 7. Ecology: trends in catches Average catches per day at the start of your activity and nowadays
  • 8. Fishery: species captured What species do you catch, and percentage of the total?
  • 9. Fishery: fishing season What is your season (months) of fishing (in the last 5 years)?
  • 10. Fishery: effort and catches Hours per day Modality Nationality Gear Portuguese Spanish Handline Rod Speargun Boat 6.5 4.0 3.9 4.3 3.0 Shore 5.0 4.6 - 5.3 - Days per month Modality Nationality Gear Portuguese Spanish Handline Rod Speargun Boat 5.9 8.3 8.4 8.5 10.3 Shore 5.8 15.1 - 18.8 - Catch per day (Kg) Modality Nationality Gear Portuguese Spanish Handline Rod Speargun Boat 7.6 3.3 3.0 3.1 4.0 Shore - 3.9 1.5 5.3 3.2
  • 11. Demography: age, family, education Familymembers(N) NR/DK= No response/Don’t know
  • 12. Alone Family Friends Sociology: organization and fishing preferences Do you feel represented by your Federation / club or organization? Have you had an accident when fishing? Did you require hospitalization?
  • 14. Economy: boat expenditures Average annual expenditure (last 5 years) in:
  • 15. Economy: fishing expenditures Average annual expenditure (last 5 years) in:
  • 16. Discussion • Coverage. • Biases: avidity, recall. • Next steps: scaling to general population. • Relevance of the activity in ecology and socioeconomy.

Editor's Notes

  1. PABLO PITA, PEDRO GOMES, KIERAN HYDER, CRISTINA PITA , MAFALDA RANGEL, PEDRO VEIGA, JOSÉ VINGADA, SEBASTIÁN VILLASANTE
  2. The Euroregion Galicia-Northern Portugal is very dependent on the exploitation of marine resources, mainly fisheries.
  3. Total of 307 questionnaires so far. Portugal begun later and is still ongoing.
  4. 0=very low; 2=very high Each column contains the extreme of the lower whisker, the lower hinge the median, the upper hinge and the extreme of the upper whisker
  5. Mean 2.5 kg reduction Mean 54% reduction
  6. 25 spp. Seabass= 47% of catch share White Seabream= 7%
  7. More effort in summer and Autumn
  8. Similar hours per day between countries; bit more effort from the shore. More days per month in Spain and from the shore (again). More catch per day and Fisher in Portugal and Shore angling.
  9. Mean Age=43 (from 13 to 80) Mean Family members per household = 3 people 99% men; 50% married
  10. 17% suffered an accident; 10% of accidents required medical care in a hospital
  11. 30% own a boat; 30% first hand Mean Crew>2 fishers Mean Length= 5 m Mean Power= 68 HP Mean price=12 K€
  12. Mean Boat maintenance= 900 € Mean Boat mooring= 600 € Mean Boat fuel> 900 € Mean insurances= 200 € Total > 2500 € per year
  13. Average annual expenditure (last 5 years): Mean Fishing gears= 550 € Mean Clothes= 200 € Mean Bait= 200 € Mean Car fuel=450 € Mean travels = 250 € Mean license fishing= 15 € Mean license federative= 25 € Mean Other = 150 € Total = 1500 € Other recreational activities = 1000 €
  14. Coverage and avidity biass related to precisión and representativeness of MRF population; recall biass is related to accuracy of the information. More data for this study; more studies are justified. Recomendations: Ecology: analize impact on top predators, currently under some convervation concern like seabass. Social: Promote and improve associations of fishers; inform and educate fishers regarding safety to reduce accidents. Economy: Promotion of the activity in relation with blue growth and development of local economies.
  15. SEBASTIÁN VILLASANTE, PEDRO GOMES, HARRY STREHLOW , PEDRO VEIGA , JOSÉ VINGADA , KIERAN HYDER