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SMART GRIDTRANSFORMING THE TRADITONAL GRID
Presented By – Suraj Mishra
EE(1st shift)
15EEBEE056
Govt. Engineering College,
Bikaner
2
CONTENTS
• Introduction
• Comparison
• Features of Smart Grid
• Smart Grid Components
• Overview
• Smart Grid Benefits
• Drawbacks
• References
3
INTRODUCTION
• Simply means a “ Smarter “ Power Grid.
• A Smarter grid with improved efficiency and two way
communication.
• Reducing carbon emissions as it is integrated with renewable
energy resources.
• A Network created through IT , communication technology and
Electrical Power system.
• Can handle digital , computerized equipment and technology
dependent on it and can automate and manage the increasing
complexity and needs of electricity.
COMPARISON
Characteristics Today’s Grid Smart Grid
Communication One Way Two way
Customer
Interaction
Limited Extensive
Operation Manual Remote control
Generation Centralize Centralized and
Distributed
Power flow control Limited Extensive
4
FEATURESOF SMART GRID
5
SMART HOME
Inside Smart home new equipment, appliances, and software are
available that use emerging Smart Grid technologies to save energy,
seek out the lowest rates, and contribute to the smooth and efficient
functioning of our electric grid.
6
INTEGRATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY
7
It will give grid operators new tools to reduce power demand quickly when wind or solar
power dips.
It will have more energy storage capabilities to absorb excess wind and solar power when it
isn't needed, then to release that energy when the wind and solar power dips.
Energy storage will help to smooth out the variability in wind and solar resources, making
them easier to use.
Building an electric superhighway can also help solve the problem, as it will help to ship the
power to where it is needed.
GRID OPERATION CENTRES
9
Primary task of grid is to
Make sure that as much
power is generated as is
being used.
Otherwise grid can
become unstable.
Grid operators also have
limited information about
how the power is flowing
through the grid.
Smart Grid technologies offer a
new solution to the problem of
monitoring and controlling the
grid's transmission System.
Reducing the need to fire up
costly secondary Plants.
Grid operators can see and
manage electricity
consumption in real time.
Software could potentially
monitor the grid in real time
for potential disturbances
that could lead to blackouts.
Ex. Phasor measurement
units
9
PLUG-IN ELECTRICVEHICLES
• For the Smart Grid, plug-in electric vehicles represent a broader technology
known as energy storage
• PEVs can drastically reduce our dependence on oil, and they emit no air
pollutants when running in all-electric modes. However, they do rely on power
plants to charge their batteries, and conventional fossil-fueled power plants emit
pollution.
• PEVs may play an important part in balancing the energy on the grid by serving as
distributed sources of stored energy, a concept called "vehicle to grid”.
10
SMART GRID COMPONENTS
Smart meters
Phasor measurement
Information transfers
Distributed generation
11
SMART METERS
• Recognizes and details Electrical consumption.
• Relays information to central monitoring station.
• Will replace traditional meters.
• Time of day charges.
• Information sharing.
12
PHASOR MEASUREMENT
Measure AC current waveforms
Monitors power Quality
Wide Area Measurement system
- Provides real-time data
- Phasor data Concentrators
- Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition system
Sends information to central control station for
better management
13
DISTRIBUTED GENERATION
Allow the connection of small scale
renewable generation
-Solar ,Wind, Fuel Cells , Microturbines
Generation close to the load, improving
Efficiency
Customer Interaction
Increase Reliablity
OVERVIEW
17
15
Gujarat to get country’s first
smart grid
Times of India
 Like cell-phone users, people may be able to pick a plan for
electricity consumption. The Uttar Gujarat Vij Company Ltd (UGVCL)
will roll out India's first modernized electrical grid, or the smart grid,
in Naroda and Deesa in north Gujarat .
The pilot project will study consumer behavior of electricity usage
and propose a tariff structure based on usage and load on the
power utility. Eventually, it will be rolled out across the state to
disincentivize power consumption during peak hours.
New meters embedded with SIM cards will be installed in 20,000
residential and industrial units in Naroda to monitor data every 15
minutes on how a particular consumer uses power.
16
SMART GRID BENEFITS
Efficiency
Distributed Generation
Smart metering
Energy Management Systems
Reliability
Wide Area Monitoring
Environment
Renewable generation
Reduce Demand on Centralized Generation
facilities
17
DRAWBACKS
 Security and Privacy
 Some types of meters can be hacked, these hackers:
 Gain control of thousand, even millions of meters
 Increase or decrease demand of power
 Large no. of components
 Various technology components:
 e.g. Softwares, integrators etc.
 Concern that complex rate systems(e.g. variable
rates) remove clarity and accountability, allowing the
supplier to take advantage of customer
18
REFERENCES
• A. Ipakchi and F.Albuyeh , "Grid of the future" , IEEE Power
Energy Mag. , vol. 7 , no. 2 , pp.52 -62 , 2009
• A. Vojdani , "Smart integration" , IEEE Power Energy Mag. , vol. 6
, no. 6 , pp.72 -79 , 2008
• Gilbert N. Sorebo and Michael C. Echols ,”SMART GRID
SECURITY” An End-to-End View of Security in the New Electrical
Grid
• USA Department of energy-Smart Grid
– https://www.smartgrid.gov/the_smart_grid/
• Energy.gov
• Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability
• http://smartgrid.ieee.org/
24
THANKS..

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Smartgrid by suraj mishra37

  • 1. SMART GRIDTRANSFORMING THE TRADITONAL GRID Presented By – Suraj Mishra EE(1st shift) 15EEBEE056 Govt. Engineering College, Bikaner
  • 2. 2 CONTENTS • Introduction • Comparison • Features of Smart Grid • Smart Grid Components • Overview • Smart Grid Benefits • Drawbacks • References
  • 3. 3 INTRODUCTION • Simply means a “ Smarter “ Power Grid. • A Smarter grid with improved efficiency and two way communication. • Reducing carbon emissions as it is integrated with renewable energy resources. • A Network created through IT , communication technology and Electrical Power system. • Can handle digital , computerized equipment and technology dependent on it and can automate and manage the increasing complexity and needs of electricity.
  • 4. COMPARISON Characteristics Today’s Grid Smart Grid Communication One Way Two way Customer Interaction Limited Extensive Operation Manual Remote control Generation Centralize Centralized and Distributed Power flow control Limited Extensive 4
  • 6. SMART HOME Inside Smart home new equipment, appliances, and software are available that use emerging Smart Grid technologies to save energy, seek out the lowest rates, and contribute to the smooth and efficient functioning of our electric grid. 6
  • 7. INTEGRATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY 7 It will give grid operators new tools to reduce power demand quickly when wind or solar power dips. It will have more energy storage capabilities to absorb excess wind and solar power when it isn't needed, then to release that energy when the wind and solar power dips. Energy storage will help to smooth out the variability in wind and solar resources, making them easier to use. Building an electric superhighway can also help solve the problem, as it will help to ship the power to where it is needed.
  • 8. GRID OPERATION CENTRES 9 Primary task of grid is to Make sure that as much power is generated as is being used. Otherwise grid can become unstable. Grid operators also have limited information about how the power is flowing through the grid. Smart Grid technologies offer a new solution to the problem of monitoring and controlling the grid's transmission System. Reducing the need to fire up costly secondary Plants. Grid operators can see and manage electricity consumption in real time. Software could potentially monitor the grid in real time for potential disturbances that could lead to blackouts. Ex. Phasor measurement units
  • 9. 9 PLUG-IN ELECTRICVEHICLES • For the Smart Grid, plug-in electric vehicles represent a broader technology known as energy storage • PEVs can drastically reduce our dependence on oil, and they emit no air pollutants when running in all-electric modes. However, they do rely on power plants to charge their batteries, and conventional fossil-fueled power plants emit pollution. • PEVs may play an important part in balancing the energy on the grid by serving as distributed sources of stored energy, a concept called "vehicle to grid”.
  • 10. 10 SMART GRID COMPONENTS Smart meters Phasor measurement Information transfers Distributed generation
  • 11. 11 SMART METERS • Recognizes and details Electrical consumption. • Relays information to central monitoring station. • Will replace traditional meters. • Time of day charges. • Information sharing.
  • 12. 12 PHASOR MEASUREMENT Measure AC current waveforms Monitors power Quality Wide Area Measurement system - Provides real-time data - Phasor data Concentrators - Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition system Sends information to central control station for better management
  • 13. 13 DISTRIBUTED GENERATION Allow the connection of small scale renewable generation -Solar ,Wind, Fuel Cells , Microturbines Generation close to the load, improving Efficiency Customer Interaction Increase Reliablity
  • 15. 15 Gujarat to get country’s first smart grid Times of India  Like cell-phone users, people may be able to pick a plan for electricity consumption. The Uttar Gujarat Vij Company Ltd (UGVCL) will roll out India's first modernized electrical grid, or the smart grid, in Naroda and Deesa in north Gujarat . The pilot project will study consumer behavior of electricity usage and propose a tariff structure based on usage and load on the power utility. Eventually, it will be rolled out across the state to disincentivize power consumption during peak hours. New meters embedded with SIM cards will be installed in 20,000 residential and industrial units in Naroda to monitor data every 15 minutes on how a particular consumer uses power.
  • 16. 16 SMART GRID BENEFITS Efficiency Distributed Generation Smart metering Energy Management Systems Reliability Wide Area Monitoring Environment Renewable generation Reduce Demand on Centralized Generation facilities
  • 17. 17 DRAWBACKS  Security and Privacy  Some types of meters can be hacked, these hackers:  Gain control of thousand, even millions of meters  Increase or decrease demand of power  Large no. of components  Various technology components:  e.g. Softwares, integrators etc.  Concern that complex rate systems(e.g. variable rates) remove clarity and accountability, allowing the supplier to take advantage of customer
  • 18. 18 REFERENCES • A. Ipakchi and F.Albuyeh , "Grid of the future" , IEEE Power Energy Mag. , vol. 7 , no. 2 , pp.52 -62 , 2009 • A. Vojdani , "Smart integration" , IEEE Power Energy Mag. , vol. 6 , no. 6 , pp.72 -79 , 2008 • Gilbert N. Sorebo and Michael C. Echols ,”SMART GRID SECURITY” An End-to-End View of Security in the New Electrical Grid • USA Department of energy-Smart Grid – https://www.smartgrid.gov/the_smart_grid/ • Energy.gov • Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability • http://smartgrid.ieee.org/