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SMART PILL DISPENSER
Supervisor: Dr. Owais Tariq
Students: Roll No
Noor Ul Soha (BBET-F21-050)
Usman Mughal (BBET-F21-051)
Eman Mujeeb (BBET-F21-026)
Anas Bilal (BBET-F21-041)
Overview
Abstract
Introduction
Literature Review
Problem Statement
Goals
Methodology
Simulation
Hardware Setup
Conclusion
References
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 2
Abstract
A smart pill dispenser is designed to improve medication adherence and safety for patients.
Existing dispensers have limitations, such as high cost, lack of reminders and are complex.
Non-adherence to medication schedule results in poor health outcomes and increased healthcare costs.
A microcontroller-based system with sensors, motors, and wireless connectivity is proposed.
Simulations demonstrate accurate dispensing and timely notifications.
A prototype is developed with a user-friendly interface and compact design.
The smart pill dispenser ensures accurate and timely medication dispensing, improving patient outcomes
and safety.
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology
3
Introduction
 Alzheimer's Disease Challenge: Addressing complex medication management difficulties.
 Proposed Solution: Introducing the Smart Pill Dispenser.
 Broader Applications: Potential use beyond Alzheimer's patients(high BP, Diabetics).
 Benefits of the Device: Enhancing medication adherence and patient safety.
 Improving Quality of Life: Promoting better well-being for patients and caregivers.
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 4
Literature Review
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 5
Sr no Title Of Paper Authors
Year of
Publication
Methodology Drawbacks
1
The role of a self-directed
technology to improve
medication adherence in heart
failure patients.
Walker CM, Elder
BL, Hayes KS 2014
• Reminder
Functionality in apps
like; MyMedSchedule,
MyMeds, and
RxmindMe
• Manual Data Entry
• Dependency on user
engagement
• Limited verification
• Unverified effectiveness
• Lack of physical
dispensing
2
Pillbox intervention fidelity in
medication adherence
research: A systematic review
Rebecca J. Bartlett
Elli, Mitchell R.
Knisely, Kiersten
Boyer, Caitlin
Pike
2017
• Traditional pill organizer
box
• Organizing medicines on
a weekly basis
• Manual input
• Lack of reminders
• Ineffectiveness for
cognitive impairments
• Risk of mixing
medications
• Limited adherence
support
• Incomplete medication
records
• Reduced safety
SMART MEDICINE
REMINDER APP TRADITIONAL PILL BOX
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 6
Literature Review
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 7
Sr
no
Title Of Paper Authors
Year of
Publication
Methodology Drawbacks
3
Smart drugs: Improving
healthcare using Smart Pill
Box for Medicine |
MedTracker
Diaa Salama
Abdul Minaam,
Mohamed Abd-
ELfattah
2018
•Electronic Tracking in the
device: MedTracker was
used
•Bluetooth Connectivity
•Lack of Reminder
Function
•No Confirm Function
•Limited Adherence
Support
4
A wearable sensor system for
medication adherence
prediction | WearSense
Haik Kalantarian,
Babak Motamed,
Nabil Alshurafa,
Majid Sarrafzadeh
2016
•Piezoelectric sensor
placement over the neck
(epiglottis)
•Data Sampling and
Transmission via the
sensor, Microcontroller,
and Bluetooth to the
mobile app
•Power source (coin-cell
battery)
•Placement Challenges
•Limited to Specific
Categories
•Stability Issues
•Battery Life
•User Comfort
MEDTRACKER PILL BOX
WEARSENSE DEVICE
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 8
Literature Review
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 9
Sr
no
Title Of Paper
Authors/
Webpage
Year of
Publication
Methodology Drawbacks
5
Ibox: Smart Medicine Box
With Iot Application |
MedMinder Pill Box
Nur Zulaikhah
Nadzr, Yusman
Yusof, Ahmad
Firdaus Ahmad
Fazil
2020
•Prescription transfer to
load pills into the
MedMinder Pill Box
•Pill packing
•Customer delivery
•Particular compartment
flashes at the scheduled
time
•Dependency on
Pharmacy
•Limited Flexibility
•Cost
•Access Barriers
•Complexity
6
Automatic Pill Dispenser &
Medication Manager | Hero
Available at:
https://herohealth.
com
Retrieved in
2023
•Cartridge loading with
ample storage
•Security features such as
password protection
•Proactive reminder
system
•Expensive
•Complex
•Limited portability
MEDMINDER PILL BOX HERO PILL DISPENSER
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 10
Literature Review
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 11
Sr
no
Title Of Paper
Authors/
Webpage
Year of
Publication
Methodology Drawbacks
7
Smart Pillbox by Tricella
Available at:
https://www.tricell
a.com
Retrieved in
2023
• Pill-taking error
detection by sensors
• Smartphone connectivity
via app
• LED notification along
with smart sensors
• Cost ineffective
• Battery replacement
• Lack storage hence pills
need to be refilled
periodically
8 Medacube Pill Dispenser
Available at:
https://www.meda
cube.com/
Retrieved in
2023
• Medication loading and
sorting.
• Scheduled and accurate
dispensing.
• Notifications and alerts.
• Records and monitoring.
• Refill reminders.
• High cost.
• Complexity in setup.
• Lack of mobility.
• Difficulty with
medication changes.
• Potential technical
issues.
TRICELLA SMART PILL
BOX
MEDACUBE PILL
DISPENSER
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 12
Problem Statements
The concern is to address the critical issue of medication non-adherence among
Alzheimer's, High Blood Pressure, and Diabetes patients
High Cost
Dependency
Complexity
Lack of portability
Lack of reminders.
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 13
Goals
 Enhance medication adherence and medication safety.
 Ensure accurate medication dispensing.
 Enable remote monitoring.
 Simplify user-friendly design.
 Integrate with healthcare systems.
 Allow customization of medication schedules.
 Achieve cost-effectiveness.
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 14
Methodology Block Diagram
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 15
Data Collection
(literature review)
Data Analysis
Testing and
Validation
Integration
Hardware
Development
Software
Development
Documentation / Final
Report
Simulation via Arduino IDE Software
 The Arduino IDE is a software platform for programming Arduino boards, providing an
interface for writing, compiling, and uploading code.
 The IDE compiles code into machine instructions and uploads it to the Arduino board via
USB, readying it for execution.
 Project Implementation: In our project, the IDE is used to develop software logic for
controlling motors, initializing the LCD, and managing timed actions for displaying
messages.
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 16
Simulation
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 17
Constants
Defining
Setup Function
Initialize LCD and Set
Motor Output Pins
Display Initial
Quote on LCD
Loop Function
Activate Motor
END
Include Library
for LCD
Hardware Components Block Diagram
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 18
ARDUINO
UNO
7805 VOLTAGE REGULATOR
L298N Dual H-Bridge
CAPACITOR 104
DC MOTOR
LCD DISPLAY 20x4
LED(s)
DS3231 RTC MODULE
H605 LED DRIVER IC
DIODE
RESISTOR
DIP SWITCH
Conclusion
Upon the project's finalization, we will gain a groundbreaking Smart Pill Dispenser that
boosts medication adherence, empowers patients, enables remote monitoring, enhances
safety, reduces healthcare costs, and contributes to data-driven healthcare improvements. In
conclusion, this innovation promises a healthier, more efficient future for both patients and
healthcare systems, reducing the burden on healthcare resources and fostering patient well-
being.
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 19
References
[1] B. P. J. I. B. a. T. P. P. D. Sadaf Faisal, "The Usability, Acceptability, and Functionality of Smart Oral Multidose Dispensing Systems for
Medication Adherence".
[2] R. A.-B. a. M. R. K. P. R.-B. A.-B. b. K. B. a. C. P. M. A. c. Rebecca J. Bartlett Ellis PhD, "Pillbox intervention fidelity in medication
adherence research: A systematic review".
[3] D. P. H. Z. a. N. Solanki, "Smart Pill Box Health Care System".
[4] M. A.-E. Diaa Salama Abdul Minaam, "Smart drugs: Improving healthcare using Smart Pill Box for Medicine".
[5] B. M. N. A. b. M. S. Haik Kalantariana, "A wearable sensor system for medication adherence prediction".
[6] Y. Y. A. F. A. F. Nur Zulaikhah Nadzri, "Ibox: Smart Medicine Box With Iot".
[7] Retrieved information from https://herohealth.com in 2023
[8] Retrieved information from https://www.tricella.com in 2023
[9] Retrieved information from https://www.medacube.com in 2023
Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 20

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smart pill dispenser is designed to improve medication adherence and safety for patients..pptx

  • 1. SMART PILL DISPENSER Supervisor: Dr. Owais Tariq Students: Roll No Noor Ul Soha (BBET-F21-050) Usman Mughal (BBET-F21-051) Eman Mujeeb (BBET-F21-026) Anas Bilal (BBET-F21-041)
  • 2. Overview Abstract Introduction Literature Review Problem Statement Goals Methodology Simulation Hardware Setup Conclusion References Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 2
  • 3. Abstract A smart pill dispenser is designed to improve medication adherence and safety for patients. Existing dispensers have limitations, such as high cost, lack of reminders and are complex. Non-adherence to medication schedule results in poor health outcomes and increased healthcare costs. A microcontroller-based system with sensors, motors, and wireless connectivity is proposed. Simulations demonstrate accurate dispensing and timely notifications. A prototype is developed with a user-friendly interface and compact design. The smart pill dispenser ensures accurate and timely medication dispensing, improving patient outcomes and safety. Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 3
  • 4. Introduction  Alzheimer's Disease Challenge: Addressing complex medication management difficulties.  Proposed Solution: Introducing the Smart Pill Dispenser.  Broader Applications: Potential use beyond Alzheimer's patients(high BP, Diabetics).  Benefits of the Device: Enhancing medication adherence and patient safety.  Improving Quality of Life: Promoting better well-being for patients and caregivers. Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 4
  • 5. Literature Review Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 5 Sr no Title Of Paper Authors Year of Publication Methodology Drawbacks 1 The role of a self-directed technology to improve medication adherence in heart failure patients. Walker CM, Elder BL, Hayes KS 2014 • Reminder Functionality in apps like; MyMedSchedule, MyMeds, and RxmindMe • Manual Data Entry • Dependency on user engagement • Limited verification • Unverified effectiveness • Lack of physical dispensing 2 Pillbox intervention fidelity in medication adherence research: A systematic review Rebecca J. Bartlett Elli, Mitchell R. Knisely, Kiersten Boyer, Caitlin Pike 2017 • Traditional pill organizer box • Organizing medicines on a weekly basis • Manual input • Lack of reminders • Ineffectiveness for cognitive impairments • Risk of mixing medications • Limited adherence support • Incomplete medication records • Reduced safety
  • 6. SMART MEDICINE REMINDER APP TRADITIONAL PILL BOX Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 6
  • 7. Literature Review Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 7 Sr no Title Of Paper Authors Year of Publication Methodology Drawbacks 3 Smart drugs: Improving healthcare using Smart Pill Box for Medicine | MedTracker Diaa Salama Abdul Minaam, Mohamed Abd- ELfattah 2018 •Electronic Tracking in the device: MedTracker was used •Bluetooth Connectivity •Lack of Reminder Function •No Confirm Function •Limited Adherence Support 4 A wearable sensor system for medication adherence prediction | WearSense Haik Kalantarian, Babak Motamed, Nabil Alshurafa, Majid Sarrafzadeh 2016 •Piezoelectric sensor placement over the neck (epiglottis) •Data Sampling and Transmission via the sensor, Microcontroller, and Bluetooth to the mobile app •Power source (coin-cell battery) •Placement Challenges •Limited to Specific Categories •Stability Issues •Battery Life •User Comfort
  • 8. MEDTRACKER PILL BOX WEARSENSE DEVICE Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 8
  • 9. Literature Review Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 9 Sr no Title Of Paper Authors/ Webpage Year of Publication Methodology Drawbacks 5 Ibox: Smart Medicine Box With Iot Application | MedMinder Pill Box Nur Zulaikhah Nadzr, Yusman Yusof, Ahmad Firdaus Ahmad Fazil 2020 •Prescription transfer to load pills into the MedMinder Pill Box •Pill packing •Customer delivery •Particular compartment flashes at the scheduled time •Dependency on Pharmacy •Limited Flexibility •Cost •Access Barriers •Complexity 6 Automatic Pill Dispenser & Medication Manager | Hero Available at: https://herohealth. com Retrieved in 2023 •Cartridge loading with ample storage •Security features such as password protection •Proactive reminder system •Expensive •Complex •Limited portability
  • 10. MEDMINDER PILL BOX HERO PILL DISPENSER Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 10
  • 11. Literature Review Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 11 Sr no Title Of Paper Authors/ Webpage Year of Publication Methodology Drawbacks 7 Smart Pillbox by Tricella Available at: https://www.tricell a.com Retrieved in 2023 • Pill-taking error detection by sensors • Smartphone connectivity via app • LED notification along with smart sensors • Cost ineffective • Battery replacement • Lack storage hence pills need to be refilled periodically 8 Medacube Pill Dispenser Available at: https://www.meda cube.com/ Retrieved in 2023 • Medication loading and sorting. • Scheduled and accurate dispensing. • Notifications and alerts. • Records and monitoring. • Refill reminders. • High cost. • Complexity in setup. • Lack of mobility. • Difficulty with medication changes. • Potential technical issues.
  • 12. TRICELLA SMART PILL BOX MEDACUBE PILL DISPENSER Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 12
  • 13. Problem Statements The concern is to address the critical issue of medication non-adherence among Alzheimer's, High Blood Pressure, and Diabetes patients High Cost Dependency Complexity Lack of portability Lack of reminders. Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 13
  • 14. Goals  Enhance medication adherence and medication safety.  Ensure accurate medication dispensing.  Enable remote monitoring.  Simplify user-friendly design.  Integrate with healthcare systems.  Allow customization of medication schedules.  Achieve cost-effectiveness. Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 14
  • 15. Methodology Block Diagram Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 15 Data Collection (literature review) Data Analysis Testing and Validation Integration Hardware Development Software Development Documentation / Final Report
  • 16. Simulation via Arduino IDE Software  The Arduino IDE is a software platform for programming Arduino boards, providing an interface for writing, compiling, and uploading code.  The IDE compiles code into machine instructions and uploads it to the Arduino board via USB, readying it for execution.  Project Implementation: In our project, the IDE is used to develop software logic for controlling motors, initializing the LCD, and managing timed actions for displaying messages. Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 16
  • 17. Simulation Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 17 Constants Defining Setup Function Initialize LCD and Set Motor Output Pins Display Initial Quote on LCD Loop Function Activate Motor END Include Library for LCD
  • 18. Hardware Components Block Diagram Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 18 ARDUINO UNO 7805 VOLTAGE REGULATOR L298N Dual H-Bridge CAPACITOR 104 DC MOTOR LCD DISPLAY 20x4 LED(s) DS3231 RTC MODULE H605 LED DRIVER IC DIODE RESISTOR DIP SWITCH
  • 19. Conclusion Upon the project's finalization, we will gain a groundbreaking Smart Pill Dispenser that boosts medication adherence, empowers patients, enables remote monitoring, enhances safety, reduces healthcare costs, and contributes to data-driven healthcare improvements. In conclusion, this innovation promises a healthier, more efficient future for both patients and healthcare systems, reducing the burden on healthcare resources and fostering patient well- being. Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 19
  • 20. References [1] B. P. J. I. B. a. T. P. P. D. Sadaf Faisal, "The Usability, Acceptability, and Functionality of Smart Oral Multidose Dispensing Systems for Medication Adherence". [2] R. A.-B. a. M. R. K. P. R.-B. A.-B. b. K. B. a. C. P. M. A. c. Rebecca J. Bartlett Ellis PhD, "Pillbox intervention fidelity in medication adherence research: A systematic review". [3] D. P. H. Z. a. N. Solanki, "Smart Pill Box Health Care System". [4] M. A.-E. Diaa Salama Abdul Minaam, "Smart drugs: Improving healthcare using Smart Pill Box for Medicine". [5] B. M. N. A. b. M. S. Haik Kalantariana, "A wearable sensor system for medication adherence prediction". [6] Y. Y. A. F. A. F. Nur Zulaikhah Nadzri, "Ibox: Smart Medicine Box With Iot". [7] Retrieved information from https://herohealth.com in 2023 [8] Retrieved information from https://www.tricella.com in 2023 [9] Retrieved information from https://www.medacube.com in 2023 Department of Biomedical Engineering Technology 20