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Silent Valley Movement
B.MEGHA VARNA
CH.SAI SIRISHA
Y.K. VAIBHAV
INTRODUCTION
• SILENT VALLEY SITUATED IN PALLAKAD DISTRICT,KERALA
• REGION IS LOCALLY KNOWN AS SAIRANDHRIVANAM
• SILENT VALLEY-AN EVERGREEN TROPICAL FOREST.
• IT IS HOME TO THE LARGEST POPULATION OF IRON-TAILED
MACAQUE.
• THE KUNTIPUZHA IS A MAJOR RIVER THAT FLOWS IN SILENT
VALLEY.
BACKGROUND
• IN 1931, BRITISH ENGINEER S. DOWSON PROPOSED IDEA OF
DAM FOR THE FIRST TIME.
• IN 1951, THE GOVERNMENT CONDUCTED A SURVEY CHECK
FEASIBILITY OF SILNET VALLEY HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT.
• FOREIGN SCIENTISTS LIKE STEVEN GREEN AND ROMULUS
WHITAKER, THE ALERTED ABOUT ECOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE
OF SILENT VALLEY, ALSO THEY SHOWED CONCERN ABOUT THR
NEARLY EXTICNT SPECIES OF THE MACAQUE.
MOVEMENT
• IN 1973 THE PLANNING COMMISION FORMALLY APPROVED
THE SILENT VALLEY HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT.
• MOVEMENT STARTED IN 1973 TO PROTECT RESERVE FOREST
FROM BEING AFECTED BY A HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT.
• KERALA STATE ELECTRICITY BOARD HAD TO SLACKEN THE
WORK ON THE PROJECT DUE TO CONSTRUCTION OF IDUKKI
HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT.
• IN APRIL 1976-NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR ENVIRONMENTAL
PLANNING STUDIED FEASIBILITY OF HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT.
• THE TASK FORCE SUGGESTED THAT PROJECT SHOULD BE
ABANDONED AND THE VALLEY TO BE DECLARED A BIOSPHERE
RESERVED AREA.
• IN 1977,KERALA SASTRA SAHITYA PARISHAD (KSSP) ADOPTED
A RESOLUTION OPPOSING THE IMPLEMENTATIOMN OF THE
SVHP.
• IN 1977 A EXPERT TEAM FROM KERALA FOREST RESEARCH
INSTITUTE (KFRI) STUDIED AND SUBMITTED REPORT STRONGLY
URGING TO ABANDON PROJECT.
RESOLUTION BY IUCN
• THE INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
AND NATURAL RESOURCES (IUCN) ADOPTED A RESOLUTION
SPECIFICALLY URGING THE GOVERNEMENT OF INDIA TO
CONSERVE THE WESTERN GHATS MORE EFFECTIVELY,
INCLUDING THE UNDISTURBED FORESTS OF THE SILENT
VALLEY.
• RECOMMENDED PROTECTION OF LION-TAILED MACAQUES-
ANOTHER CONTROVERSY AGAINST SILENT VALLEY
HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT.
• IN 1980 INDIRA GANDHI REQUESTED THE GOVERNEMENT OF
KERALA TO ABANDON THE CONSTRUCTION OF SVHP.
• GANDHI REQUESTED THE CHIEF MINISTER OF KERALA TO
CONSIDER POSSIBILITIES OF ALTERNATIVE PROJECTS FOR
MEETING THE POWER NEEDS OF THE STATE.
• KERALA SAHASTRA SAHITYA PARISHAD OBSERVED MARCH
15,1980 AS THE SILENT VALLEY DAY.
• THE MENON COMMITTEE SUBMITTED ITS REPORT IN THE
DECEMBER OF 1982 AFTER THROUGHLY EXAMINING VARIOUS
ASPECTS OF SVHP IN THIS REPORT TOO EMPHASIZED THE
ECOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SILENT VALLEY.
• FINALLY IN 1983 THE SILENT VALLEY HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT
WAS SHELVED.
• THUS, THE SVHP BECAME THE ONLY CASE IN WHICH A
HYDROELEVTRIC PROJECT ONCE SANCTIONED WAS
ABANDONED FOR PURELY ECOLOGICAL REASONS IN INDIA.
• ON SEPTEMBER 7,1985, THE AREA WAS NOTIFIED AS A
NATIONAL PARK. SINCE THEN – A LONG TERM CONSERVATION
EFFORT UNDERTAKEN TO PRESERVE THE SILENT VALLEY
ECOSYSTEM.
PARTICIPANTS AND MOBILOSTATION
• MOBILISTATION AND AWARNESS THROUGH EDITORIALS IN
MALAYALAM AND ENGLISH NEWSPAPERS.
• VARIOUS ACTIVISTS GROUPS USED DIFFERENT STRATEGIES
RANGING FROM DISTRUBUTING PAMPHLETS TO HOLDING
PUBLIC MEETINGS.
• ON JULY 1982, THE PRAKRUTHI SAMRAKSHANA SAMITHI AN
ECO-SOCIAL ORGANISATION SUBMITTED A UNITED APPEAL
FROM SCIENTISTS, WRITERS AND SOCIAL ACTIVISTS TO SAVE
THE SILENT VALLEY .
• THE POET ACTIVISTS SUGATHAKUMARI’S POEM“MARATHINU
STUTHI” BECAME A SYMBOL FOR THE PROTEST.
CURRENT STATUS
• THE KERALA GOVERNEMENT HAS NOT TAKEN ANY DECISION
ON REVIVING THE SILENT VALLEY HYDRO PROJECT.
• IN 2001 THE NEW HYDRO PROJECT WAS PROPOSED WHICH
WAS ALTERNATIVE FOR SILENT VALLEY PROJECT BUT IT WAS
ALSO ABANDONED.
• IN 2007 SILENT VALLEY BUFFER ZONE WAS FORMALLY
APPROVED BY THE KERALA CABINENT, THE CABINENT ALSO
SANCTIONED STAFF TO PROTECT THE AREA.

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Silent valley movement

  • 1. Silent Valley Movement B.MEGHA VARNA CH.SAI SIRISHA Y.K. VAIBHAV
  • 2. INTRODUCTION • SILENT VALLEY SITUATED IN PALLAKAD DISTRICT,KERALA • REGION IS LOCALLY KNOWN AS SAIRANDHRIVANAM • SILENT VALLEY-AN EVERGREEN TROPICAL FOREST. • IT IS HOME TO THE LARGEST POPULATION OF IRON-TAILED MACAQUE. • THE KUNTIPUZHA IS A MAJOR RIVER THAT FLOWS IN SILENT VALLEY.
  • 3. BACKGROUND • IN 1931, BRITISH ENGINEER S. DOWSON PROPOSED IDEA OF DAM FOR THE FIRST TIME. • IN 1951, THE GOVERNMENT CONDUCTED A SURVEY CHECK FEASIBILITY OF SILNET VALLEY HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT. • FOREIGN SCIENTISTS LIKE STEVEN GREEN AND ROMULUS WHITAKER, THE ALERTED ABOUT ECOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF SILENT VALLEY, ALSO THEY SHOWED CONCERN ABOUT THR NEARLY EXTICNT SPECIES OF THE MACAQUE.
  • 4. MOVEMENT • IN 1973 THE PLANNING COMMISION FORMALLY APPROVED THE SILENT VALLEY HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT. • MOVEMENT STARTED IN 1973 TO PROTECT RESERVE FOREST FROM BEING AFECTED BY A HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT. • KERALA STATE ELECTRICITY BOARD HAD TO SLACKEN THE WORK ON THE PROJECT DUE TO CONSTRUCTION OF IDUKKI HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT.
  • 5. • IN APRIL 1976-NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING STUDIED FEASIBILITY OF HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT. • THE TASK FORCE SUGGESTED THAT PROJECT SHOULD BE ABANDONED AND THE VALLEY TO BE DECLARED A BIOSPHERE RESERVED AREA.
  • 6. • IN 1977,KERALA SASTRA SAHITYA PARISHAD (KSSP) ADOPTED A RESOLUTION OPPOSING THE IMPLEMENTATIOMN OF THE SVHP. • IN 1977 A EXPERT TEAM FROM KERALA FOREST RESEARCH INSTITUTE (KFRI) STUDIED AND SUBMITTED REPORT STRONGLY URGING TO ABANDON PROJECT.
  • 7. RESOLUTION BY IUCN • THE INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES (IUCN) ADOPTED A RESOLUTION SPECIFICALLY URGING THE GOVERNEMENT OF INDIA TO CONSERVE THE WESTERN GHATS MORE EFFECTIVELY, INCLUDING THE UNDISTURBED FORESTS OF THE SILENT VALLEY. • RECOMMENDED PROTECTION OF LION-TAILED MACAQUES- ANOTHER CONTROVERSY AGAINST SILENT VALLEY HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT.
  • 8. • IN 1980 INDIRA GANDHI REQUESTED THE GOVERNEMENT OF KERALA TO ABANDON THE CONSTRUCTION OF SVHP. • GANDHI REQUESTED THE CHIEF MINISTER OF KERALA TO CONSIDER POSSIBILITIES OF ALTERNATIVE PROJECTS FOR MEETING THE POWER NEEDS OF THE STATE. • KERALA SAHASTRA SAHITYA PARISHAD OBSERVED MARCH 15,1980 AS THE SILENT VALLEY DAY.
  • 9. • THE MENON COMMITTEE SUBMITTED ITS REPORT IN THE DECEMBER OF 1982 AFTER THROUGHLY EXAMINING VARIOUS ASPECTS OF SVHP IN THIS REPORT TOO EMPHASIZED THE ECOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SILENT VALLEY. • FINALLY IN 1983 THE SILENT VALLEY HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT WAS SHELVED. • THUS, THE SVHP BECAME THE ONLY CASE IN WHICH A HYDROELEVTRIC PROJECT ONCE SANCTIONED WAS ABANDONED FOR PURELY ECOLOGICAL REASONS IN INDIA.
  • 10. • ON SEPTEMBER 7,1985, THE AREA WAS NOTIFIED AS A NATIONAL PARK. SINCE THEN – A LONG TERM CONSERVATION EFFORT UNDERTAKEN TO PRESERVE THE SILENT VALLEY ECOSYSTEM.
  • 11. PARTICIPANTS AND MOBILOSTATION • MOBILISTATION AND AWARNESS THROUGH EDITORIALS IN MALAYALAM AND ENGLISH NEWSPAPERS. • VARIOUS ACTIVISTS GROUPS USED DIFFERENT STRATEGIES RANGING FROM DISTRUBUTING PAMPHLETS TO HOLDING PUBLIC MEETINGS. • ON JULY 1982, THE PRAKRUTHI SAMRAKSHANA SAMITHI AN ECO-SOCIAL ORGANISATION SUBMITTED A UNITED APPEAL FROM SCIENTISTS, WRITERS AND SOCIAL ACTIVISTS TO SAVE THE SILENT VALLEY . • THE POET ACTIVISTS SUGATHAKUMARI’S POEM“MARATHINU STUTHI” BECAME A SYMBOL FOR THE PROTEST.
  • 12. CURRENT STATUS • THE KERALA GOVERNEMENT HAS NOT TAKEN ANY DECISION ON REVIVING THE SILENT VALLEY HYDRO PROJECT. • IN 2001 THE NEW HYDRO PROJECT WAS PROPOSED WHICH WAS ALTERNATIVE FOR SILENT VALLEY PROJECT BUT IT WAS ALSO ABANDONED. • IN 2007 SILENT VALLEY BUFFER ZONE WAS FORMALLY APPROVED BY THE KERALA CABINENT, THE CABINENT ALSO SANCTIONED STAFF TO PROTECT THE AREA.