SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Chapter THE STRATEGIC ROLE OF  HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT   EXCEL BOOKS 1-1 1
ANNOTATED OUTLINE   1-2 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Introduction Organisations have to provide a healthy work climate in order to get the best out of people. To utilise the capabilities of people fully, you need competent leadership willing to recognise, reward and nurture talent at all levels.  This is where human resource managers play a critical role by bridging gaps between employee expectations and organisational requirements by adopting appropriate human resource strategies and practices. HRM, in short, is the art of procuring, developing and maintaining competent workforce to achieve the goals of an organisation in an effective and efficient manner.
Human Resource Management:   Features   1-3 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Pervasive force Action oriented Individually oriented People oriented Future oriented Development oriented Integrating mechanism Comprehensive function Auxiliary service Inter-disciplinary function Continuous function
Important terms 1-4 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Human resource:  Knowledge, skill sets, expertise of employees, the  adaptability, commitment and loyalty of employees. Skills:   The individual abilities of human beings to perform a piece of work. Resource:   The stock of assets and skills that belong to a firm at a point of  time. Capability:  The ability of a bundle of resources to perform an activity; a  way of  combining assets, people and processes to transform inputs into  outputs. Core competencies:  Activities that the firm performs especially well when  compared to its competitors and through which the firm adds value to its  goods  and services over a long period of time. Competitive advantage:  It comes from a firm's ability to perform activities  more  distinctively and more effectively than rivals. To attain competitive  advantage, firms  need to  add value  to customers and offer a product or  service that cannot be  easily imitated or copied by rivals ( Uniqueness ). Value:   Sum total of benefits received and costs paid by the customer in a  given  situation. Clearing the Fog
Scope of HRM 1-5 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Personnel aspect  Welfare aspect Industrial relations aspect  HRM mainly covers three broad areas
Objectives of HRM 1-6 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management HRM aims at achieving organisational goals, meet the expectations of employees; develop the knowledge, skills and abilities of employees; improve the quality of working life and manage human resources in an ethical and socially responsible manner. Importance of HRM From an organisational standpoint, good HR practices help in attracting and retaining talent, train people for challenging roles, develop their skills and competencies, increase productivity and profits and enhance standard of living
Importance of HRM 1-7 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management attract  and retain talent train  people for challenging roles develop  skills and competencies promote  team spirit develop  loyalty and commitment increase  productivity and profits improve  job satisfaction enhance  standard of living generate  employment opportunities Good HR Practices help
HRM as a central subsystem in an organisation 1-8 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Product Subsystem HR Subsystem  Procurement Training Compensation Appraisal Rewards Marketing Subsystem Finance Subsystem Technical Subsystem
Functions of HRM 1-9 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management –   Planning  –  Organising –   Directing –  Controlling Operative Functions P/HRM Managerial functions: Procurement Job Analysis HR planning Recruitment Selection Placement Induction Internal mobility Development: Training Executive  development Career planning Succession planning Human resources development strategies Motivation and Compensation: Job design  Work scheduling Motivation Job evaluation Performance and potential appraisal Compensation  administration Incentives benefits and services Maintenance: Health Safety Welfare Social security Integration: Grievances Discipline Teams and teamwork Collective  bargaining  Participation Empowerment Trade unions Employers’  associations Industrial  relations Emerging Issues: Personnel records Personnel audit Personnel research HR accounting HRIS Job stress Mentoring International HRM
Strategic Human Resource Management 1-10 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Competitive advantage through people? Competitive advantage allows a firm to gain an edge over its rivals when competing. It comes from a firm’s unique ability to perform activities more distinctively and more effectively than rivals.  HR can be a source of competitive advantage when the talents of people working in the firm are valuable, rare; difficult to imitate and well organised to deliver efficient and effective results.
The evolving strategic role of Human Resource Management 1-11 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Strategic focus Operational focus People  System  Strategic partner    Change agent Administrative expert   Employee champion
Strategic Human Resource Management  1-12 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Realising the growing importance of HR, a new line of thinking emerged elevating the status of HR to that of a strategic partner both in the formulation of a firm’s strategic as well as in the implementation of business activities.  SHRM, simply stated, is the linkage of HRM with strategic goals and objectives with a view to improve business performance and develop organisational cultures that foster innovation and flexibility.  Strategic HR differs radically from traditional HR in a number of ways:
Traditional HR vs. Strategic HR 1-13 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Point of distinction Focus  Role of HR Initiatives  Time horizon Control Job design Key investments Accountability Responsibility for HR Traditional HR Employee Relations Transactional change follower and respondent Slow, reactive, fragmented Short-term Bureaucratic-roles, policies, procedures Tight division of labour; independence, specialisation Capital, products  Cost centre Staff specialists Strategic HR Partnerships with internal and external customers  Transformational change leader and initiator Fast, proactive and integrated Short, medium and long (as required) Organic-flexible, whatever is necessary to succeed Broad, flexible, cross-training teams People, knowledge Investment centre Line managers
EVOLUTION OF HRM The field of HRM evolved both in India and elsewhere over a number of years to present level of sophistication and use of proactive methods 1-14 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management The industrial revolution Scientific management Trade unionism Human relations movement Human resources approach
Evolution of the Personnel Function 1-15 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Concept What is it all about? The Commodity concept Labour was regarded as a commodity to be bought and sold. Wages were based on demand and supply. Government did very little to protect workers. The Factor of Production concept Labour is like any other factor of production, viz, money, materials, land, etc. Workers are like machine tools. The Goodwill concept Welfare measures like safety, first aid, lunch room, rest room will have a positive impact on workers’ productivity The Paternalistic concept/ Paternalism Management must assume a fatherly and protective attitude towards employees. Paternalism does not mean merely providing benefits but it means satisfying various needs of the employees as parents meet the  requirements of the children. Cont…
Evolution of the Personnel Function 1-16 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management The Humanitarian concept To improve productivity, physical, social and psychological needs of workers must be met. As Mayo and others stated, money is less a factor in determining output, than group standards, group incentives and security. The organisation is a social system that has both economic and social dimensions. The Human Resource concept Employees are the most valuable assets of an organisation. There should be a conscious effort to realise organisational goals by satisfying needs and aspirations of employees. The Emerging concept Employees should be accepted as partners in the progress of a company. They should have a feeling that the organisation is their own. To this end, managers must offer better quality of working life and offer opportunities to people to exploit their potential fully. The focus should be on Human Resource Development.
Growth in India 1-17 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Legal phase Welfare phase Development phase
Personnel Function in India; Changing Scenario  1-18 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Period Emphasis   Status   Roles 1920 – 30 Welfare management Clerical Welfare  Paternalistic practices administrator 1990s – Incremental productivity Proactive,  Developer onwards  gains through human growth-oriented Counsellor assets  Coach   Mentor Problem solver 1940 – 60 Expanding the role to cover Administrative Appraiser Labour, Welfare, Industrial Advisor Relations and Personnel Mediator Administration Legal advisor Fire fighting 1970 – 80 Efficiency, effectiveness Developmental  Change agent dimensions added Integrator Emphasis on human Trainer values, aspirations,  Educator
Shifts in HR management in India 1-19 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Emerging HR practice Strategic role  Proactive Key part of organisational mission Service focus Process-based organisation Cross-functional eams, teamwork most important People as key investments/assets Traditional HR practice Administrative role  Reactive Separate, isolated from company mission  Production focus  Functional organisation  Individuals encouraged, singled out for praise, rewards People as expenses
HRM in the new millennium 1-21 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Current thinking in HRM strongly supports the view that when opportunities for growth and enhancement of skills are available in an organisation, people will be stimulated to give their best, leading to greater job satisfaction and organisational effectiveness. To this end, therefore, HR managers in the new millennium are expected to successfully evolve an appropriate corporate culture, take a strategic approach to the acquisition, motivation and development of human resources and introduce programmes that reflect and support the core values of the organisation and its people.             Size of work force Demands for better pay, benefits, working conditions Cont…
HRM in the new millennium 1-21 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management  Composition of workforce   Equal pay for equal work Breaking down of glass ceiling Constitutional protection to minority groups Importance to factors such as age, sex, religion, region, caste especially while  dealing with multifarious, heterogeneous, culturally diverse work groups    Employee expectations Better educated, more knowledgeable, emotionally strong and demanding  workforce Demand for educated, trained, experienced and knowledgeable workers growing  Understand individual differences and develop appropriate policies to meet their  growing expectations. Cont…
HRM in the new millennium Changes in technology Modernisation, computerisation, sophistication increasing by the day Knowledge and skills need to be refined constantly  Training, retraining and mid-career counselling important Equip employees so as to cope with dramatic challenges brought  forward by rapid  advances in science and technology   Life style changes Environmental challenges Personnel function in future Job redesign Career opportunities Productivity Recruitment and selection Training and development Rewards Safety and welfare        1-23 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Cont…
HRM in the new millennium 1-23 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management    Changes in 21 st  century affecting HRM HR as a springboard for success Talent hunting, developing and retraining Lean and mean organisations Labour relations Health and benefit programmes

More Related Content

What's hot

Strategic Human Resource Management
Strategic Human Resource ManagementStrategic Human Resource Management
Strategic Human Resource Management
Anubha Rastogi
 
Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) - MBA 423 Human Resources Manageme...
Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) - MBA 423 Human Resources Manageme...Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) - MBA 423 Human Resources Manageme...
Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) - MBA 423 Human Resources Manageme...
Stuart Gow
 
Hrm models
Hrm modelsHrm models
Hrm models
Preeti Bhaskar
 
Human Resource Management presentation.Human Resource roles,Human resource Fu...
Human Resource Management presentation.Human Resource roles,Human resource Fu...Human Resource Management presentation.Human Resource roles,Human resource Fu...
Human Resource Management presentation.Human Resource roles,Human resource Fu...
Jubin Johny
 
Hr Metrics
Hr Metrics  Hr Metrics
Performance Management
Performance ManagementPerformance Management
Performance Management
HR at VASHI ELECTRICALS PVT. LTD.
 
Chapter 1 Strategic HRM
Chapter 1 Strategic HRMChapter 1 Strategic HRM
Chapter 1 Strategic HRM
Lo-Ann Placido
 
Talent management
Talent managementTalent management
Talent management
yamini-reddy
 
Succession planning
Succession planningSuccession planning
Succession planning
immortalsam
 
Redesigning the Role of Talent Acquisition From Transactional to Strategic
Redesigning the Role of Talent Acquisition From Transactional to StrategicRedesigning the Role of Talent Acquisition From Transactional to Strategic
Redesigning the Role of Talent Acquisition From Transactional to Strategic
Glassdoor
 
Hr metrics and analytics pj
Hr metrics and analytics pjHr metrics and analytics pj
Hr metrics and analytics pj
John Ndukwe Ibebunjo
 
Hr analytics
Hr analyticsHr analytics
Hr analytics
Shubham Singhal
 
Hrm class ppt
Hrm class pptHrm class ppt
Hrm class ppt
Amreeta Kaur
 
HR Business Partner: Roles and Responsibilities
HR Business Partner: Roles and ResponsibilitiesHR Business Partner: Roles and Responsibilities
HR Business Partner: Roles and Responsibilities
CreativeHRM
 
HR as a strategic business partner
HR as a strategic business partnerHR as a strategic business partner
HR as a strategic business partner
Mirza Yawar Baig
 
Talent management slides
Talent management slidesTalent management slides
Introduction to Human Resources Management
Introduction to Human Resources ManagementIntroduction to Human Resources Management
Introduction to Human Resources Management
Elly Mgumba
 
Introduction to Strategic HRM
Introduction to Strategic HRMIntroduction to Strategic HRM
Introduction to Strategic HRM
Rahul Sharma
 
Designing, building and segmenting talent reservoir
Designing, building and segmenting talent reservoir  Designing, building and segmenting talent reservoir
Designing, building and segmenting talent reservoir
Al-Qurmoshi Institute of Business Management, Hyderabad
 
Strategic Business Partner Function
Strategic Business Partner FunctionStrategic Business Partner Function
Strategic Business Partner Function
Tracey Banks-Giles, MBA
 

What's hot (20)

Strategic Human Resource Management
Strategic Human Resource ManagementStrategic Human Resource Management
Strategic Human Resource Management
 
Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) - MBA 423 Human Resources Manageme...
Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) - MBA 423 Human Resources Manageme...Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) - MBA 423 Human Resources Manageme...
Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) - MBA 423 Human Resources Manageme...
 
Hrm models
Hrm modelsHrm models
Hrm models
 
Human Resource Management presentation.Human Resource roles,Human resource Fu...
Human Resource Management presentation.Human Resource roles,Human resource Fu...Human Resource Management presentation.Human Resource roles,Human resource Fu...
Human Resource Management presentation.Human Resource roles,Human resource Fu...
 
Hr Metrics
Hr Metrics  Hr Metrics
Hr Metrics
 
Performance Management
Performance ManagementPerformance Management
Performance Management
 
Chapter 1 Strategic HRM
Chapter 1 Strategic HRMChapter 1 Strategic HRM
Chapter 1 Strategic HRM
 
Talent management
Talent managementTalent management
Talent management
 
Succession planning
Succession planningSuccession planning
Succession planning
 
Redesigning the Role of Talent Acquisition From Transactional to Strategic
Redesigning the Role of Talent Acquisition From Transactional to StrategicRedesigning the Role of Talent Acquisition From Transactional to Strategic
Redesigning the Role of Talent Acquisition From Transactional to Strategic
 
Hr metrics and analytics pj
Hr metrics and analytics pjHr metrics and analytics pj
Hr metrics and analytics pj
 
Hr analytics
Hr analyticsHr analytics
Hr analytics
 
Hrm class ppt
Hrm class pptHrm class ppt
Hrm class ppt
 
HR Business Partner: Roles and Responsibilities
HR Business Partner: Roles and ResponsibilitiesHR Business Partner: Roles and Responsibilities
HR Business Partner: Roles and Responsibilities
 
HR as a strategic business partner
HR as a strategic business partnerHR as a strategic business partner
HR as a strategic business partner
 
Talent management slides
Talent management slidesTalent management slides
Talent management slides
 
Introduction to Human Resources Management
Introduction to Human Resources ManagementIntroduction to Human Resources Management
Introduction to Human Resources Management
 
Introduction to Strategic HRM
Introduction to Strategic HRMIntroduction to Strategic HRM
Introduction to Strategic HRM
 
Designing, building and segmenting talent reservoir
Designing, building and segmenting talent reservoir  Designing, building and segmenting talent reservoir
Designing, building and segmenting talent reservoir
 
Strategic Business Partner Function
Strategic Business Partner FunctionStrategic Business Partner Function
Strategic Business Partner Function
 

Viewers also liked

Be Aware Have a Positive Flight Attitude
Be Aware Have a Positive Flight AttitudeBe Aware Have a Positive Flight Attitude
Be Aware Have a Positive Flight Attitude
FAA Safety Team Central Florida
 
Strategic role of human resources management
Strategic role of human resources managementStrategic role of human resources management
Strategic role of human resources management
gihan aboueleish
 
Human Resource Management
Human Resource ManagementHuman Resource Management
Human Resource Management
gumbhir singh
 
Basic of Human Resource Management
Basic of Human Resource ManagementBasic of Human Resource Management
Basic of Human Resource Management
Ashit Jain
 
David Ulrich's HR Model
David Ulrich's HR ModelDavid Ulrich's HR Model
David Ulrich's HR Model
CreativeHRM
 
Presentation of concept map
Presentation of concept mapPresentation of concept map
Presentation of concept map
Erica Morillo
 
The three phases of trauma or suffering.
The three phases of trauma or suffering.The three phases of trauma or suffering.
The three phases of trauma or suffering.
tarot readings
 
Strategic Management Presentation Session 2
Strategic Management   Presentation   Session 2Strategic Management   Presentation   Session 2
Strategic Management Presentation Session 2
daryl10
 
The Role of Human Resource in Promoting Ethical Workplace
The Role of Human Resource in Promoting Ethical WorkplaceThe Role of Human Resource in Promoting Ethical Workplace
The Role of Human Resource in Promoting Ethical Workplace
Aimi Aizal Nasharuddin
 
Strategic Global Human Resource Management
Strategic Global Human Resource ManagementStrategic Global Human Resource Management
Strategic Global Human Resource Management
International Islamic University Islamabad
 
8061438 performance-management
8061438 performance-management8061438 performance-management
8061438 performance-management
prabhu56_kumarmba
 
Performance Management Project By Adhelia
Performance Management Project By AdheliaPerformance Management Project By Adhelia
Performance Management Project By Adhelia
Adhelia
 
Infinite Best: Optimizing human capital
Infinite Best: Optimizing human capitalInfinite Best: Optimizing human capital
Infinite Best: Optimizing human capital
Office
 
Evolution of hrm
Evolution of hrmEvolution of hrm
Evolution of hrm
KULDEEP MATHUR
 
An integrated framework for understanding the relationship between human erro...
An integrated framework for understanding the relationship between human erro...An integrated framework for understanding the relationship between human erro...
An integrated framework for understanding the relationship between human erro...
ASQ Reliability Division
 
Situational Awareness
Situational AwarenessSituational Awareness
Situational Awareness
Aakash Bhagat
 
7 strategic hrm performance management
7   strategic hrm performance management7   strategic hrm performance management
7 strategic hrm performance management
Kapil Chhabra
 
Emergence or HRM
Emergence or HRMEmergence or HRM
Emergence or HRM
sanjayjha
 
Situational Awareness and Why It's Important
Situational Awareness and Why It's ImportantSituational Awareness and Why It's Important
Situational Awareness and Why It's Important
Alien Gear Holsters
 
Management of labours of the farm and labour
Management of labours of the farm and labourManagement of labours of the farm and labour
Management of labours of the farm and labour
savita Rathod
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Be Aware Have a Positive Flight Attitude
Be Aware Have a Positive Flight AttitudeBe Aware Have a Positive Flight Attitude
Be Aware Have a Positive Flight Attitude
 
Strategic role of human resources management
Strategic role of human resources managementStrategic role of human resources management
Strategic role of human resources management
 
Human Resource Management
Human Resource ManagementHuman Resource Management
Human Resource Management
 
Basic of Human Resource Management
Basic of Human Resource ManagementBasic of Human Resource Management
Basic of Human Resource Management
 
David Ulrich's HR Model
David Ulrich's HR ModelDavid Ulrich's HR Model
David Ulrich's HR Model
 
Presentation of concept map
Presentation of concept mapPresentation of concept map
Presentation of concept map
 
The three phases of trauma or suffering.
The three phases of trauma or suffering.The three phases of trauma or suffering.
The three phases of trauma or suffering.
 
Strategic Management Presentation Session 2
Strategic Management   Presentation   Session 2Strategic Management   Presentation   Session 2
Strategic Management Presentation Session 2
 
The Role of Human Resource in Promoting Ethical Workplace
The Role of Human Resource in Promoting Ethical WorkplaceThe Role of Human Resource in Promoting Ethical Workplace
The Role of Human Resource in Promoting Ethical Workplace
 
Strategic Global Human Resource Management
Strategic Global Human Resource ManagementStrategic Global Human Resource Management
Strategic Global Human Resource Management
 
8061438 performance-management
8061438 performance-management8061438 performance-management
8061438 performance-management
 
Performance Management Project By Adhelia
Performance Management Project By AdheliaPerformance Management Project By Adhelia
Performance Management Project By Adhelia
 
Infinite Best: Optimizing human capital
Infinite Best: Optimizing human capitalInfinite Best: Optimizing human capital
Infinite Best: Optimizing human capital
 
Evolution of hrm
Evolution of hrmEvolution of hrm
Evolution of hrm
 
An integrated framework for understanding the relationship between human erro...
An integrated framework for understanding the relationship between human erro...An integrated framework for understanding the relationship between human erro...
An integrated framework for understanding the relationship between human erro...
 
Situational Awareness
Situational AwarenessSituational Awareness
Situational Awareness
 
7 strategic hrm performance management
7   strategic hrm performance management7   strategic hrm performance management
7 strategic hrm performance management
 
Emergence or HRM
Emergence or HRMEmergence or HRM
Emergence or HRM
 
Situational Awareness and Why It's Important
Situational Awareness and Why It's ImportantSituational Awareness and Why It's Important
Situational Awareness and Why It's Important
 
Management of labours of the farm and labour
Management of labours of the farm and labourManagement of labours of the farm and labour
Management of labours of the farm and labour
 

Similar to SHRM

Chapter 01.ppt
Chapter 01.pptChapter 01.ppt
Chapter 01.ppt
DrHarshadaSushilMuly
 
Ethics in HR and IT a brief not about how human resource is managed
Ethics in HR and IT a brief not about how human resource is managedEthics in HR and IT a brief not about how human resource is managed
Ethics in HR and IT a brief not about how human resource is managed
sarojanagesha
 
Chapter 1_HRM_CBA.pptx
Chapter 1_HRM_CBA.pptxChapter 1_HRM_CBA.pptx
Chapter 1_HRM_CBA.pptx
chesterking12
 
Introduction to human resource management (3)
Introduction to human resource management (3)Introduction to human resource management (3)
Introduction to human resource management (3)
Diksha Gupta
 
Dr. Jhansi Rani M R - Module 1 - Introduction to Human Resource Management
Dr. Jhansi Rani M R  - Module 1 - Introduction to Human Resource ManagementDr. Jhansi Rani M R  - Module 1 - Introduction to Human Resource Management
Dr. Jhansi Rani M R - Module 1 - Introduction to Human Resource Management
MRJhansiRani
 
hrm ppt.pptx
hrm ppt.pptxhrm ppt.pptx
hrm ppt.pptx
Siva453615
 
DOC-20230311-WA0001..pptx
DOC-20230311-WA0001..pptxDOC-20230311-WA0001..pptx
DOC-20230311-WA0001..pptx
Siva453615
 
hrm mba ii sem jntuk human resource ppt.pptx
hrm mba ii sem jntuk human resource ppt.pptxhrm mba ii sem jntuk human resource ppt.pptx
hrm mba ii sem jntuk human resource ppt.pptx
mbadepartment5
 
Unit 1_HRM.pdf
Unit 1_HRM.pdfUnit 1_HRM.pdf
Unit 1_HRM.pdf
PrinceSingh620799
 
HRM 301-The Strategic Role of HRM......PPT
HRM 301-The Strategic Role of  HRM......PPTHRM 301-The Strategic Role of  HRM......PPT
HRM 301-The Strategic Role of HRM......PPT
Nayon Sarker
 
Selection
SelectionSelection
Selection
Min Khaung
 
Human Resource Management.pdf
Human Resource Management.pdfHuman Resource Management.pdf
Human Resource Management.pdf
vikramchoudhary816710
 
Unit 1HRMgt.pptx
Unit  1HRMgt.pptxUnit  1HRMgt.pptx
Unit 1HRMgt.pptx
SWETHAS95
 
HRM_1chapter one.pptx
HRM_1chapter one.pptxHRM_1chapter one.pptx
HRM_1chapter one.pptx
AshenafiAberaWolde
 
HRM and Organizational Effectiveness
HRM and Organizational EffectivenessHRM and Organizational Effectiveness
HRM and Organizational Effectiveness
estme
 
HRM and Organizational Effectiveness
HRM and Organizational EffectivenessHRM and Organizational Effectiveness
HRM and Organizational Effectiveness
estme
 
Human resources management sara babiker
Human resources management sara babikerHuman resources management sara babiker
Human resources management sara babiker
esarbab
 
F U T U R E O F H R
F U T U R E  O F  H RF U T U R E  O F  H R
F U T U R E O F H R
Ghanshyam Gupta
 
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa.pptx
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa.pptxaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa.pptx
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa.pptx
zentribe123
 
Human resource management project in detail
Human resource management project in detailHuman resource management project in detail
Human resource management project in detail
kabaddisai656
 

Similar to SHRM (20)

Chapter 01.ppt
Chapter 01.pptChapter 01.ppt
Chapter 01.ppt
 
Ethics in HR and IT a brief not about how human resource is managed
Ethics in HR and IT a brief not about how human resource is managedEthics in HR and IT a brief not about how human resource is managed
Ethics in HR and IT a brief not about how human resource is managed
 
Chapter 1_HRM_CBA.pptx
Chapter 1_HRM_CBA.pptxChapter 1_HRM_CBA.pptx
Chapter 1_HRM_CBA.pptx
 
Introduction to human resource management (3)
Introduction to human resource management (3)Introduction to human resource management (3)
Introduction to human resource management (3)
 
Dr. Jhansi Rani M R - Module 1 - Introduction to Human Resource Management
Dr. Jhansi Rani M R  - Module 1 - Introduction to Human Resource ManagementDr. Jhansi Rani M R  - Module 1 - Introduction to Human Resource Management
Dr. Jhansi Rani M R - Module 1 - Introduction to Human Resource Management
 
hrm ppt.pptx
hrm ppt.pptxhrm ppt.pptx
hrm ppt.pptx
 
DOC-20230311-WA0001..pptx
DOC-20230311-WA0001..pptxDOC-20230311-WA0001..pptx
DOC-20230311-WA0001..pptx
 
hrm mba ii sem jntuk human resource ppt.pptx
hrm mba ii sem jntuk human resource ppt.pptxhrm mba ii sem jntuk human resource ppt.pptx
hrm mba ii sem jntuk human resource ppt.pptx
 
Unit 1_HRM.pdf
Unit 1_HRM.pdfUnit 1_HRM.pdf
Unit 1_HRM.pdf
 
HRM 301-The Strategic Role of HRM......PPT
HRM 301-The Strategic Role of  HRM......PPTHRM 301-The Strategic Role of  HRM......PPT
HRM 301-The Strategic Role of HRM......PPT
 
Selection
SelectionSelection
Selection
 
Human Resource Management.pdf
Human Resource Management.pdfHuman Resource Management.pdf
Human Resource Management.pdf
 
Unit 1HRMgt.pptx
Unit  1HRMgt.pptxUnit  1HRMgt.pptx
Unit 1HRMgt.pptx
 
HRM_1chapter one.pptx
HRM_1chapter one.pptxHRM_1chapter one.pptx
HRM_1chapter one.pptx
 
HRM and Organizational Effectiveness
HRM and Organizational EffectivenessHRM and Organizational Effectiveness
HRM and Organizational Effectiveness
 
HRM and Organizational Effectiveness
HRM and Organizational EffectivenessHRM and Organizational Effectiveness
HRM and Organizational Effectiveness
 
Human resources management sara babiker
Human resources management sara babikerHuman resources management sara babiker
Human resources management sara babiker
 
F U T U R E O F H R
F U T U R E  O F  H RF U T U R E  O F  H R
F U T U R E O F H R
 
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa.pptx
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa.pptxaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa.pptx
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa.pptx
 
Human resource management project in detail
Human resource management project in detailHuman resource management project in detail
Human resource management project in detail
 

More from Avinash Kumar

Chap010
Chap010Chap010
Chap010
Avinash Kumar
 
Chap009
Chap009Chap009
Chap009
Avinash Kumar
 
Chap011
Chap011Chap011
Chap011
Avinash Kumar
 
Chap006
Chap006Chap006
Chap006
Avinash Kumar
 
Chap004
Chap004Chap004
Chap004
Avinash Kumar
 
Chap003
Chap003Chap003
Chap003
Avinash Kumar
 
Chap005
Chap005Chap005
Chap005
Avinash Kumar
 
Chap007
Chap007Chap007
Chap007
Avinash Kumar
 
Chap008
Chap008Chap008
Chap008
Avinash Kumar
 
Chap002
Chap002Chap002
Chap002
Avinash Kumar
 
Chap001
Chap001Chap001
Chap001
Avinash Kumar
 
Kotlers Soft Copy
Kotlers Soft CopyKotlers Soft Copy
Kotlers Soft Copy
Avinash Kumar
 
Selection
SelectionSelection
Selection
Avinash Kumar
 
Recruitment
RecruitmentRecruitment
Recruitment
Avinash Kumar
 
Job Analysis
Job AnalysisJob Analysis
Job Analysis
Avinash Kumar
 
Hrp
HrpHrp
Hra
HraHra
Chapter 30
Chapter 30Chapter 30
Chapter 30
Avinash Kumar
 
Chapter 29
Chapter 29Chapter 29
Chapter 29
Avinash Kumar
 
Chapter 27
Chapter 27Chapter 27
Chapter 27
Avinash Kumar
 

More from Avinash Kumar (20)

Chap010
Chap010Chap010
Chap010
 
Chap009
Chap009Chap009
Chap009
 
Chap011
Chap011Chap011
Chap011
 
Chap006
Chap006Chap006
Chap006
 
Chap004
Chap004Chap004
Chap004
 
Chap003
Chap003Chap003
Chap003
 
Chap005
Chap005Chap005
Chap005
 
Chap007
Chap007Chap007
Chap007
 
Chap008
Chap008Chap008
Chap008
 
Chap002
Chap002Chap002
Chap002
 
Chap001
Chap001Chap001
Chap001
 
Kotlers Soft Copy
Kotlers Soft CopyKotlers Soft Copy
Kotlers Soft Copy
 
Selection
SelectionSelection
Selection
 
Recruitment
RecruitmentRecruitment
Recruitment
 
Job Analysis
Job AnalysisJob Analysis
Job Analysis
 
Hrp
HrpHrp
Hrp
 
Hra
HraHra
Hra
 
Chapter 30
Chapter 30Chapter 30
Chapter 30
 
Chapter 29
Chapter 29Chapter 29
Chapter 29
 
Chapter 27
Chapter 27Chapter 27
Chapter 27
 

Recently uploaded

Game Product Manager VS Product Manager.pdf
Game Product Manager VS Product Manager.pdfGame Product Manager VS Product Manager.pdf
Game Product Manager VS Product Manager.pdf
shohreesmaili1
 
Local SEO Strategies: Dominate Local Search with Effective SEO Tactics
Local SEO Strategies: Dominate Local Search with Effective SEO TacticsLocal SEO Strategies: Dominate Local Search with Effective SEO Tactics
Local SEO Strategies: Dominate Local Search with Effective SEO Tactics
Woospers
 
Cryptocurrency KYC Policies: Comparing Binance KYC Bypass with Rivals
Cryptocurrency KYC Policies: Comparing Binance KYC Bypass with RivalsCryptocurrency KYC Policies: Comparing Binance KYC Bypass with Rivals
Cryptocurrency KYC Policies: Comparing Binance KYC Bypass with Rivals
Any kyc Account
 
DEKISH ELEVATOR INDIA PVT LTD Brochure.pdf
DEKISH ELEVATOR INDIA PVT LTD Brochure.pdfDEKISH ELEVATOR INDIA PVT LTD Brochure.pdf
DEKISH ELEVATOR INDIA PVT LTD Brochure.pdf
unosafeads
 
ConvertKit: Best Email Marketing Tool for 2024
ConvertKit: Best Email Marketing Tool for 2024ConvertKit: Best Email Marketing Tool for 2024
ConvertKit: Best Email Marketing Tool for 2024
Rakesh Jalan
 
How AI is Disrupting Service Industry More Than Design Thinking
How AI is Disrupting Service Industry More Than Design ThinkingHow AI is Disrupting Service Industry More Than Design Thinking
How AI is Disrupting Service Industry More Than Design Thinking
Body of Knowledge
 
NewBase 05 July 2024 Energy News issue - 1736 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...
NewBase   05 July 2024  Energy News issue - 1736 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...NewBase   05 July 2024  Energy News issue - 1736 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...
NewBase 05 July 2024 Energy News issue - 1736 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...
Khaled Al Awadi
 
Anton Grutzmache- Ominisient: The Data Revolution in Banking: From Scoring Cr...
Anton Grutzmache- Ominisient: The Data Revolution in Banking: From Scoring Cr...Anton Grutzmache- Ominisient: The Data Revolution in Banking: From Scoring Cr...
Anton Grutzmache- Ominisient: The Data Revolution in Banking: From Scoring Cr...
itnewsafrica
 
Innovative Full Stack Developer Crafting Seamless Web Solutions
Innovative Full Stack Developer Crafting Seamless Web SolutionsInnovative Full Stack Developer Crafting Seamless Web Solutions
Innovative Full Stack Developer Crafting Seamless Web Solutions
Harwinder Singh
 
Best Practices in Negotiation for Business Management Students
Best Practices in Negotiation for Business Management StudentsBest Practices in Negotiation for Business Management Students
Best Practices in Negotiation for Business Management Students
zoyaws1
 
Pricing sophistication - auto insurance telematics
Pricing sophistication - auto insurance telematicsPricing sophistication - auto insurance telematics
Pricing sophistication - auto insurance telematics
Matteo Carbone
 
Introduction to Islamic Banking, concept, principal, practice .pdf
Introduction to Islamic Banking, concept, principal, practice .pdfIntroduction to Islamic Banking, concept, principal, practice .pdf
Introduction to Islamic Banking, concept, principal, practice .pdf
FaysalMahmud22
 
Staffan Canback - The 18 Rays of Project Management
Staffan Canback - The 18 Rays of Project ManagementStaffan Canback - The 18 Rays of Project Management
Staffan Canback - The 18 Rays of Project Management
Tellusant, Inc.
 
Mandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your role
Mandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your roleMandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your role
Mandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your role
khidalgo2
 
حبوب سايتوتك للبيع في الامارات اشراف دكتورة 00966583759617
حبوب سايتوتك للبيع في الامارات اشراف دكتورة 00966583759617حبوب سايتوتك للبيع في الامارات اشراف دكتورة 00966583759617
حبوب سايتوتك للبيع في الامارات اشراف دكتورة 00966583759617
حبوب الاجهاض سايتوتك للبيع في الامارات cytotec واتس 00966583759617
 
TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 5
TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 5TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 5
TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 5
projectseasy
 
Importance of Quality Transformations in VUCA World
Importance of Quality Transformations in VUCA WorldImportance of Quality Transformations in VUCA World
Importance of Quality Transformations in VUCA World
Ankur860831
 
What is Venture Client for Startup entrepreneur
What is Venture Client for Startup entrepreneurWhat is Venture Client for Startup entrepreneur
What is Venture Client for Startup entrepreneur
Gokul Rangarajan
 
Navigating Change Strategies for Effective Transition and Operational Plannin...
Navigating Change Strategies for Effective Transition and Operational Plannin...Navigating Change Strategies for Effective Transition and Operational Plannin...
Navigating Change Strategies for Effective Transition and Operational Plannin...
Brian Frerichs
 
Managing Customer & User Experience of Customers
Managing Customer & User Experience of CustomersManaging Customer & User Experience of Customers
Managing Customer & User Experience of Customers
SalmanTahir60
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Game Product Manager VS Product Manager.pdf
Game Product Manager VS Product Manager.pdfGame Product Manager VS Product Manager.pdf
Game Product Manager VS Product Manager.pdf
 
Local SEO Strategies: Dominate Local Search with Effective SEO Tactics
Local SEO Strategies: Dominate Local Search with Effective SEO TacticsLocal SEO Strategies: Dominate Local Search with Effective SEO Tactics
Local SEO Strategies: Dominate Local Search with Effective SEO Tactics
 
Cryptocurrency KYC Policies: Comparing Binance KYC Bypass with Rivals
Cryptocurrency KYC Policies: Comparing Binance KYC Bypass with RivalsCryptocurrency KYC Policies: Comparing Binance KYC Bypass with Rivals
Cryptocurrency KYC Policies: Comparing Binance KYC Bypass with Rivals
 
DEKISH ELEVATOR INDIA PVT LTD Brochure.pdf
DEKISH ELEVATOR INDIA PVT LTD Brochure.pdfDEKISH ELEVATOR INDIA PVT LTD Brochure.pdf
DEKISH ELEVATOR INDIA PVT LTD Brochure.pdf
 
ConvertKit: Best Email Marketing Tool for 2024
ConvertKit: Best Email Marketing Tool for 2024ConvertKit: Best Email Marketing Tool for 2024
ConvertKit: Best Email Marketing Tool for 2024
 
How AI is Disrupting Service Industry More Than Design Thinking
How AI is Disrupting Service Industry More Than Design ThinkingHow AI is Disrupting Service Industry More Than Design Thinking
How AI is Disrupting Service Industry More Than Design Thinking
 
NewBase 05 July 2024 Energy News issue - 1736 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...
NewBase   05 July 2024  Energy News issue - 1736 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...NewBase   05 July 2024  Energy News issue - 1736 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...
NewBase 05 July 2024 Energy News issue - 1736 by Khaled Al Awadi_compresse...
 
Anton Grutzmache- Ominisient: The Data Revolution in Banking: From Scoring Cr...
Anton Grutzmache- Ominisient: The Data Revolution in Banking: From Scoring Cr...Anton Grutzmache- Ominisient: The Data Revolution in Banking: From Scoring Cr...
Anton Grutzmache- Ominisient: The Data Revolution in Banking: From Scoring Cr...
 
Innovative Full Stack Developer Crafting Seamless Web Solutions
Innovative Full Stack Developer Crafting Seamless Web SolutionsInnovative Full Stack Developer Crafting Seamless Web Solutions
Innovative Full Stack Developer Crafting Seamless Web Solutions
 
Best Practices in Negotiation for Business Management Students
Best Practices in Negotiation for Business Management StudentsBest Practices in Negotiation for Business Management Students
Best Practices in Negotiation for Business Management Students
 
Pricing sophistication - auto insurance telematics
Pricing sophistication - auto insurance telematicsPricing sophistication - auto insurance telematics
Pricing sophistication - auto insurance telematics
 
Introduction to Islamic Banking, concept, principal, practice .pdf
Introduction to Islamic Banking, concept, principal, practice .pdfIntroduction to Islamic Banking, concept, principal, practice .pdf
Introduction to Islamic Banking, concept, principal, practice .pdf
 
Staffan Canback - The 18 Rays of Project Management
Staffan Canback - The 18 Rays of Project ManagementStaffan Canback - The 18 Rays of Project Management
Staffan Canback - The 18 Rays of Project Management
 
Mandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your role
Mandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your roleMandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your role
Mandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your role
 
حبوب سايتوتك للبيع في الامارات اشراف دكتورة 00966583759617
حبوب سايتوتك للبيع في الامارات اشراف دكتورة 00966583759617حبوب سايتوتك للبيع في الامارات اشراف دكتورة 00966583759617
حبوب سايتوتك للبيع في الامارات اشراف دكتورة 00966583759617
 
TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 5
TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 5TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 5
TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 5
 
Importance of Quality Transformations in VUCA World
Importance of Quality Transformations in VUCA WorldImportance of Quality Transformations in VUCA World
Importance of Quality Transformations in VUCA World
 
What is Venture Client for Startup entrepreneur
What is Venture Client for Startup entrepreneurWhat is Venture Client for Startup entrepreneur
What is Venture Client for Startup entrepreneur
 
Navigating Change Strategies for Effective Transition and Operational Plannin...
Navigating Change Strategies for Effective Transition and Operational Plannin...Navigating Change Strategies for Effective Transition and Operational Plannin...
Navigating Change Strategies for Effective Transition and Operational Plannin...
 
Managing Customer & User Experience of Customers
Managing Customer & User Experience of CustomersManaging Customer & User Experience of Customers
Managing Customer & User Experience of Customers
 

SHRM

  • 1. Chapter THE STRATEGIC ROLE OF HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT EXCEL BOOKS 1-1 1
  • 2. ANNOTATED OUTLINE 1-2 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Introduction Organisations have to provide a healthy work climate in order to get the best out of people. To utilise the capabilities of people fully, you need competent leadership willing to recognise, reward and nurture talent at all levels. This is where human resource managers play a critical role by bridging gaps between employee expectations and organisational requirements by adopting appropriate human resource strategies and practices. HRM, in short, is the art of procuring, developing and maintaining competent workforce to achieve the goals of an organisation in an effective and efficient manner.
  • 3. Human Resource Management: Features 1-3 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Pervasive force Action oriented Individually oriented People oriented Future oriented Development oriented Integrating mechanism Comprehensive function Auxiliary service Inter-disciplinary function Continuous function
  • 4. Important terms 1-4 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Human resource: Knowledge, skill sets, expertise of employees, the adaptability, commitment and loyalty of employees. Skills: The individual abilities of human beings to perform a piece of work. Resource: The stock of assets and skills that belong to a firm at a point of time. Capability: The ability of a bundle of resources to perform an activity; a way of combining assets, people and processes to transform inputs into outputs. Core competencies: Activities that the firm performs especially well when compared to its competitors and through which the firm adds value to its goods and services over a long period of time. Competitive advantage: It comes from a firm's ability to perform activities more distinctively and more effectively than rivals. To attain competitive advantage, firms need to add value to customers and offer a product or service that cannot be easily imitated or copied by rivals ( Uniqueness ). Value: Sum total of benefits received and costs paid by the customer in a given situation. Clearing the Fog
  • 5. Scope of HRM 1-5 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Personnel aspect Welfare aspect Industrial relations aspect HRM mainly covers three broad areas
  • 6. Objectives of HRM 1-6 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management HRM aims at achieving organisational goals, meet the expectations of employees; develop the knowledge, skills and abilities of employees; improve the quality of working life and manage human resources in an ethical and socially responsible manner. Importance of HRM From an organisational standpoint, good HR practices help in attracting and retaining talent, train people for challenging roles, develop their skills and competencies, increase productivity and profits and enhance standard of living
  • 7. Importance of HRM 1-7 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management attract and retain talent train people for challenging roles develop skills and competencies promote team spirit develop loyalty and commitment increase productivity and profits improve job satisfaction enhance standard of living generate employment opportunities Good HR Practices help
  • 8. HRM as a central subsystem in an organisation 1-8 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Product Subsystem HR Subsystem Procurement Training Compensation Appraisal Rewards Marketing Subsystem Finance Subsystem Technical Subsystem
  • 9. Functions of HRM 1-9 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management – Planning – Organising – Directing – Controlling Operative Functions P/HRM Managerial functions: Procurement Job Analysis HR planning Recruitment Selection Placement Induction Internal mobility Development: Training Executive development Career planning Succession planning Human resources development strategies Motivation and Compensation: Job design Work scheduling Motivation Job evaluation Performance and potential appraisal Compensation administration Incentives benefits and services Maintenance: Health Safety Welfare Social security Integration: Grievances Discipline Teams and teamwork Collective bargaining Participation Empowerment Trade unions Employers’ associations Industrial relations Emerging Issues: Personnel records Personnel audit Personnel research HR accounting HRIS Job stress Mentoring International HRM
  • 10. Strategic Human Resource Management 1-10 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Competitive advantage through people? Competitive advantage allows a firm to gain an edge over its rivals when competing. It comes from a firm’s unique ability to perform activities more distinctively and more effectively than rivals. HR can be a source of competitive advantage when the talents of people working in the firm are valuable, rare; difficult to imitate and well organised to deliver efficient and effective results.
  • 11. The evolving strategic role of Human Resource Management 1-11 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Strategic focus Operational focus People System Strategic partner Change agent Administrative expert Employee champion
  • 12. Strategic Human Resource Management 1-12 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Realising the growing importance of HR, a new line of thinking emerged elevating the status of HR to that of a strategic partner both in the formulation of a firm’s strategic as well as in the implementation of business activities. SHRM, simply stated, is the linkage of HRM with strategic goals and objectives with a view to improve business performance and develop organisational cultures that foster innovation and flexibility. Strategic HR differs radically from traditional HR in a number of ways:
  • 13. Traditional HR vs. Strategic HR 1-13 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Point of distinction Focus Role of HR Initiatives Time horizon Control Job design Key investments Accountability Responsibility for HR Traditional HR Employee Relations Transactional change follower and respondent Slow, reactive, fragmented Short-term Bureaucratic-roles, policies, procedures Tight division of labour; independence, specialisation Capital, products Cost centre Staff specialists Strategic HR Partnerships with internal and external customers Transformational change leader and initiator Fast, proactive and integrated Short, medium and long (as required) Organic-flexible, whatever is necessary to succeed Broad, flexible, cross-training teams People, knowledge Investment centre Line managers
  • 14. EVOLUTION OF HRM The field of HRM evolved both in India and elsewhere over a number of years to present level of sophistication and use of proactive methods 1-14 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management The industrial revolution Scientific management Trade unionism Human relations movement Human resources approach
  • 15. Evolution of the Personnel Function 1-15 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Concept What is it all about? The Commodity concept Labour was regarded as a commodity to be bought and sold. Wages were based on demand and supply. Government did very little to protect workers. The Factor of Production concept Labour is like any other factor of production, viz, money, materials, land, etc. Workers are like machine tools. The Goodwill concept Welfare measures like safety, first aid, lunch room, rest room will have a positive impact on workers’ productivity The Paternalistic concept/ Paternalism Management must assume a fatherly and protective attitude towards employees. Paternalism does not mean merely providing benefits but it means satisfying various needs of the employees as parents meet the requirements of the children. Cont…
  • 16. Evolution of the Personnel Function 1-16 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management The Humanitarian concept To improve productivity, physical, social and psychological needs of workers must be met. As Mayo and others stated, money is less a factor in determining output, than group standards, group incentives and security. The organisation is a social system that has both economic and social dimensions. The Human Resource concept Employees are the most valuable assets of an organisation. There should be a conscious effort to realise organisational goals by satisfying needs and aspirations of employees. The Emerging concept Employees should be accepted as partners in the progress of a company. They should have a feeling that the organisation is their own. To this end, managers must offer better quality of working life and offer opportunities to people to exploit their potential fully. The focus should be on Human Resource Development.
  • 17. Growth in India 1-17 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Legal phase Welfare phase Development phase
  • 18. Personnel Function in India; Changing Scenario 1-18 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Period Emphasis Status Roles 1920 – 30 Welfare management Clerical Welfare Paternalistic practices administrator 1990s – Incremental productivity Proactive, Developer onwards gains through human growth-oriented Counsellor assets Coach Mentor Problem solver 1940 – 60 Expanding the role to cover Administrative Appraiser Labour, Welfare, Industrial Advisor Relations and Personnel Mediator Administration Legal advisor Fire fighting 1970 – 80 Efficiency, effectiveness Developmental Change agent dimensions added Integrator Emphasis on human Trainer values, aspirations, Educator
  • 19. Shifts in HR management in India 1-19 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Emerging HR practice Strategic role Proactive Key part of organisational mission Service focus Process-based organisation Cross-functional eams, teamwork most important People as key investments/assets Traditional HR practice Administrative role Reactive Separate, isolated from company mission Production focus Functional organisation Individuals encouraged, singled out for praise, rewards People as expenses
  • 20. HRM in the new millennium 1-21 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Current thinking in HRM strongly supports the view that when opportunities for growth and enhancement of skills are available in an organisation, people will be stimulated to give their best, leading to greater job satisfaction and organisational effectiveness. To this end, therefore, HR managers in the new millennium are expected to successfully evolve an appropriate corporate culture, take a strategic approach to the acquisition, motivation and development of human resources and introduce programmes that reflect and support the core values of the organisation and its people.            Size of work force Demands for better pay, benefits, working conditions Cont…
  • 21. HRM in the new millennium 1-21 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management  Composition of workforce Equal pay for equal work Breaking down of glass ceiling Constitutional protection to minority groups Importance to factors such as age, sex, religion, region, caste especially while dealing with multifarious, heterogeneous, culturally diverse work groups  Employee expectations Better educated, more knowledgeable, emotionally strong and demanding workforce Demand for educated, trained, experienced and knowledgeable workers growing Understand individual differences and develop appropriate policies to meet their growing expectations. Cont…
  • 22. HRM in the new millennium Changes in technology Modernisation, computerisation, sophistication increasing by the day Knowledge and skills need to be refined constantly Training, retraining and mid-career counselling important Equip employees so as to cope with dramatic challenges brought forward by rapid advances in science and technology   Life style changes Environmental challenges Personnel function in future Job redesign Career opportunities Productivity Recruitment and selection Training and development Rewards Safety and welfare        1-23 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management Cont…
  • 23. HRM in the new millennium 1-23 The Strategic Role Of Human Resources Management  Changes in 21 st century affecting HRM HR as a springboard for success Talent hunting, developing and retraining Lean and mean organisations Labour relations Health and benefit programmes